The name of the breed Texel takes from the island of the same name, which is located in the south of Holland. It began to breed in the 18th century. And in the nineteenth century, the Texel sheep found great popularity throughout the European continent. The most intense selective work carried out by the British. They crossed Texel with Leicester, Lincoln, Kent and Wensleydale breeds, as a result, farmers received sheep in the form that we have today. When selecting individuals for crossing, special attention was paid to meat qualities. Since at that time fatty meat was not very popular among Europeans, the amount of fat in sheep was monitored during selection.
This type of animal has a rectangular body shape, is strongly built and has well-developed muscles. Sheep and sheep Texel komoly. Sometimes males can feel the pronounced rudiments of horns. Head and legs are not covered with wool. The forehead is even, the back is wide, and the chest is deep. The back and loins are strong, in these places the musculature of the animal is especially pronounced. Legs properly set, strong. The tail of this type of sheep can be both short and long, set high. This type is not very tall: in sheep it varies between 55-75 centimeters, in sheep up to 85 cm.
Six Texel is semi-thin, thick and protruding, the length can reach 16 centimeters. It is recommended to cut animals of this breed once a year - in the summer. Most often, animals of this breed are white in color. Also, the coat color can be golden brown, the legs and head of this type are white. The suit with a bluish-white shade has dark limbs and a head.
Since the selective work was carried out in different parts of Europe, there are three subspecies of this breed:
- English - the main difference is the long legs. Males are larger than the other subspecies, and reach 87 cm at the withers,
- French - is most similar to the original appearance of the Texel sheep. The main difference is their earliness,
- Dutch has a high muscle mass and short legs. The body is folded very well. This type has the highest productive meat parameters.
This breed of sheep is characterized by endurance and independence. They do not have a herd instinct and prefer to graze alone or in small groups, or they graze together with cows and goats. Thanks to the powerful musculature of the legs, Texel can be driven over long distances. On the pasture do not require special supervision, they are able to independently get out of the river or ravine. This is one of the most intelligent breeds of sheep.
This breed has a meat-wool orientation and is highly productive. The length of wool varies from 13 to 16 cm. All types of color - white, golden brown, and white-blue - are very beautiful. The coat is thick and soft, the hairs are semi-thin and curly, has a high amount of grease. Quality is rated as average - 56th grade. Shear animals, usually in the summer. It is very important when cutting not to leave hairs on the body, to cut off the bald. Shearing the sheep varies from 5 to 6 kg, and the sheep up to 7 kilograms. The output of pure wool - 60-70%.
The height at the withers of rams is 65–85 cm, and that of sheep 55–75 cm. The weight of adult males reaches 130 kg, and the queens 90 kg. Texel sheep are very prolific. On average, 75 percent is a worm, and in 5 percent of cases the number of lambs per lambing varies from 3 to 5. The total percentage of growth is 135-230%. Milk from the uterus is enough to feed twins. Mass of lamb at birth from 4-7 kg. The weight of young stock at three months is 23-35 kg, and in 7-8 months up to 50 kg. The average daily gain with a proper diet reaches 350 g. Puberty in sheep begins at seven months of age, but they mate, as a rule, in 10-12 months of life.
Meat quality is very high, Texel is famous for the special taste of meat. Slaughter yield is 60% - this is one of the most productive meat breeds. The smell characteristic of lamb is absent. Meat has a higher content of muscle tissue and lower fat content, soft and tender. Cooking time is much less than that of other breeds. Carcass - lean. When crossing Texel with other breeds, meat qualities are transmitted in the first generation.
Advantages and disadvantages
One of the drawbacks of Texel sheep is difficult birth. This is due to their high fecundity. Okote can only be once a year. If up to the age of three months lambs gain weight very quickly - from 250 to 300 g per day, then after this the increase sharply drops.
The advantage of this breed is in the productive qualities of meat and its excellent taste. Wool has beautiful colors, and its quality as for meat-wool sheep is quite high - 56th grade. Rapid adaptation and endurance allows breeding this breed in any climatic conditions. Cattle is resistant to various diseases, has a high immunity. The nature of the Texel sheep is different from other breeds. These animals are more independent and have no herd instinct. Even looking up from the herd, they are able to find him. Do not require special supervision on pasture.
As you can see, the advantages of this type of sheep are much greater than the disadvantages, so this breed is very popular on all continents. Since animals of this type are very viable, they are easy to breed. Meat and wool are very valuable.
Video “Texel sheep”
The video shows Texel sheep specimens and gives characteristics of the breed, tips on maintenance and care.
Features of Texel
Since this breed belongs to the meat direction of productivity, its main distinguishing feature is a large muscle mass. The torso of sheep texel is rectangular, massive, harmoniously developed. Sheep wool is usually quite long and curls with rings. Texel in this regard is no exception. Also to the features of the breed include:
short muscular neck,
a small head with a very wide forehead,
muscular hind legs.
There are sheep Texel three different colors:
with a bluish tinge of wool, dark head and legs,
golden brown with white legs and head.
The sheep breed Texel is different from most of the others including komolostyu. The rudiments of rams are found in rams, but rarely enough. The head and legs of sheep of this breed are not covered with wool. The tail can be both long and short.
In terms of behavior, Texel sheep differ significantly from other breeds. The fact is that these animals have almost no herd instinct. Sheep Texel do not like to graze in large groups. They feel much better on the meadows and in the forests alone or in company with cows or other farm animals. Sometimes Texel sheep graze even with horses.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The advantages of Texel sheep primarily include:
good adaptability to growing outdoors
the ability to tolerate almost any, even the most severe climatic conditions.
unpretentiousness regarding feed,
Lambs Texel are born active and healthy. The advantages of sheep of this breed can also be attributed to good resistance to internal parasites.
Texel Sheep Meat
Thus, the productivity of the MRS of this breed is really very high. On top of that, the Texel sheep breed is also valued for very tasty meat. Its advantage is that it is completely devoid of the smell characteristic of lamb. In addition, the sheep meat of this breed is distinguished by juiciness, its own unique taste and very quickly prepared. The fat of this lamb freezes quite slowly.
Especially delicious is the meat of lambs of this breed. Marbling, juiciness and tender texture - this is what distinguishes such lamb. The price for it can be from 500 to 1500 rubles per 1 kg.
Very often, Texel is crossed with other breeds. At the same time, excellent taste qualities of meat are transmitted to the offspring in the first generation.
Lambs of Texel breed can be released to pasture the next day after lambing. Newborn babies do not need special care. After lambing babies, be sure to let them go to the mother. Milk from sheep of this breed is very fat and nutritious, therefore lambs quickly gain weight. During the day, one cub can add up to 250-300 g. The weight of a ram Texel at the age of one year is 100-110 kg.
Absolutely any fields and meadows are suitable for pastures for Texel sheep. For breeding outdoors, this breed is adapted very well. Despite the fact that Texel prefer loneliness, they do not disperse on pastures. It's all about the very phlegmatic and calm nature of these sheep. Animals of this breed easily find their way home even from remote places. For sheep, this is rather unusual. After all, most often the MPC of this species is not particularly clever.
Winter cold such sheep carry very well. However, their owner should definitely make sure that the animal is dry. It is not necessary to equip the heating in the room. Sometimes this breed of sheep is kept in the winter and just in the open paddock. Low temperatures these animals tolerate well. Due to the increased humidity, it is easy to forgive.
In terms of feed, these animals are unpretentious. In the summer, grass on pasture may be quite enough for them, and in winter - hay. But, of course, in order for animals to gain weight faster, they should be fed with vegetables, roots, bran and mixed feed. In this case, the sheep meat Texel will be more delicious. Of course, animals should receive various feedings containing vitamins and trace elements necessary for their bodies.
Help with okota
The sheep breed Texel has not only advantages. She has, of course, and disadvantages. The main thing is that the birth of uterus is very difficult. Therefore, when lambing lamb necessarily need help. Before the birth you should prepare a strong rope and gloves. Perhaps the lamb will have to pull the legs. You should also prepare warm water.
Okoteh sheep sheep Texel always occurs at night. It often happens that the lamb first shows the head. In this case, it should be turned to the correct position. This can only be done by a veterinarian. Therefore, on large farms, at the time of the onset of the queens of labor, round-the-clock duty is organized.
Thus, it is really beneficial to keep Texel sheep. The weight of these animals is gaining well. In addition, they are characterized by unpretentiousness and resistance to diseases. Winter cold sheep carry this breed well, and therefore great for growing, including in Russia.
How did the breed come about?
Scientists believe that Texel is the birthplace of sheep - ancient Rome. In the 19th century, representatives of the breed gained popularity in Europe. Breeders crossed Texel with other sheep to get the most productive individuals. Offspring was obtained from individuals that quickly gained weight. Sheep with a large fat mass did not cross. Breeders gave preference to individuals with developed muscles. This measure allowed the breeding of sheep who have lean lean meat.
Important! PThe island is called the island in the Netherlands where sheep Texel were common.
Exterior and types of unusual sheep
In sheep, Texel muscular proportional strong torso. In shape it is similar to a rectangle. Lower body slightly down. The back of the sheep Texel is flat, the tail is short. The average body weight in adult males is 140 kg, in females it is 60 kg.
The muzzle of the representatives of the breed is slightly elongated. On the head are short ears, there may be small horns. The coat on the head and legs is very light. The hair is short and thick. In the area of the eyes and nose, the coat is dark.
Texels have very unusual wool
The wool color on the body of a sheep texel can be light brown, milky or white with a cold bluish tint. The latter type is most in demand among farmers.
Texel sheep are classified by type:
- Dutch. In individuals, the maximum meat productivity in comparison with other species of representatives of the Texel breed. They are distinguished by developed muscles, a large body and short limbs.
- English. Sheep have elongated legs and relatively small body weight.
- French. The dignity of the breed - puberty at an early age. They do not possess other features - individuals of the species are similar to the Roman sheep Texel.
Interesting fact! Have representatives of each species can be any color described above.
French males mature early
Texel sheep are not herd animals. On the run, they are not grouped together, but walk separately. But at the same time they do not seek to leave the territory set aside for them - they have no desire to escape to the will.
In the sheepfold they behave the same as on the street. Texel sheep tolerate loneliness well. For a comfortable existence, they do not need a herd and human attention.
In relation to other animals, representatives of the breed are non-aggressive. The Texel sheep attack each other rarely and predominantly at a young age.
Herd instinct in these sheep is not pronounced
Disadvantages and advantages of Texel sheep
Texel sheep do not lose popularity due to a number of advantages:
- Low calorie meat. It is non-greasy and without a strong peculiar smell. There is very little fat in it. The output is large - about 60% of the total mass.
- High quality wool. Sheep texel thick hair, suitable for the manufacture of various products.
- The ability to get along with other animals. Individuals calmly react to chickens, geese, pigs and various domestic animals. Texel sheep do not show aggression towards people and towards each other.
- Independence. Texel sheep do not require human attention. Since their herd instinct is poorly developed, they can be kept alone.
- The appearance of several individuals at one birth. Usually 2-3 lambs are born.
- Unpretentiousness. Representatives of the breed are not demanding to the conditions of detention. They easily withstand low temperatures and other adverse weather conditions.
Before you start a Texel sheep, you need to take into account their shortcomings:
- The difficulty of acquiring a thoroughbred representative of the Texel breed. In Russia, there are few farms where Texel sheep are raised. The cost of lambs is often relatively high.
- The appearance of offspring 1 time per year. Increase the frequency of the process is impossible.
- High probability of injury during childbirth in the female and lamb. The reason is the size of the fetus and features of the head structure. Farmers are encouraged to invite a veterinarian to help the sheep to move the lamb easier.
Important! HThe breed is considered to be the suspension of the mass of individuals at three months of age.
Sheep Texel soft and curly. It is in demand among manufacturers of clothing, footwear and home furnishing products. The coat is thick, but the hairs are medium in thickness.
Sheep wool is treated with special means to make it whiter.
When shearing sheep, it is recommended to remove all hair. Up to 7 kg of wool can be obtained from one individual.
Attention! FIt is advisable to remove the hair from sheep during the warm seasons. If sheared a sheep after summer, its wool will be burnt out and damaged due to thorny plants and ground contact.
Texel after shearing reminds a small calf
How to choose a sheep texel
Following a series of simple tips will help prevent mistakes when buying a Texel sheep:
- It is advisable to buy sheep from proven farmers. Texel is a rare breed in Russia, and other animals are often given for its representatives. Buying from a seller with a positive reputation is the right choice.
- It is necessary to consider the signs of the breed. Sheep texel from an early age is easy to distinguish by external features. Sellers talking about the late manifestation of the main signs of attitude to the breed are deceiving buyers.
- You need to assess the condition of the teeth, if you want to buy a young individual. In adults, incisors are erased over time. Visible gaps between teeth. At young individuals brilliant and whole enamel.
- It is worth paying attention to the bite. If the jaws are bad or incorrectly closed, the individual will not gain much weight due to difficulties in feeding.
Important! HIt is necessary to take into account the general condition of the sheep. On a healthy individual there is no damage to the integuments, it breathes without wheezing, stands firmly on its feet.
In the diet of sheep, Texel must have a nutrient balance so that animals quickly gain a lot of weight. The table shows the percentage of different types of feed in the daily diet.
History of origin
The Texel homeland is a small province in the north of Holland. Первые упоминания о животных этой породы относятся еще к временам Римской империи, но широкое распространение эти овцы получили лишь в начале XIX века. Уже в 1870 годах тексели попадают в Британию, где их сразу замечают селекционеры.
Вскоре этих овец начинают усиленно скрещивать с представителями других видов, что в итоге привело к тому внешнему виду, который мы наблюдаем у текселей сейчас.
Particular attention is paid breeders quality meat. Only individuals whose lambs gained muscle mass more quickly participated in the breeding. In addition, European breeding excluded the use of fatty meats, so the fat layers in the finished product are always very small.
Nowadays, texels are very popular in America, Europe, New Zealand, Australia and Mongolia.
First of all, it must be said that the breed is divided into three types of texels: Dutch, English and French. The former are distinguished by a powerful and extremely dense muscle mass, the second representatives of the species are somewhat higher than all the others. But representatives of the French group are distinguished by the highest precocity of females and males.
Basically, texels have a large body with a well-defined muscular constitution. Sheep's body is covered with thick, very dense wool, on the head it is much shorter than in other areas.
The neck and rib cage are very pronounced, wide, with a short powerful neck. The back of the torso corresponds to the width of the sternum. But do not be mistaken, thinking that such a configuration makes texel slow.
The legs of these sheep are strong enough, having the correct position. Tails can be varied: from very short to fairly long. In this case, the tails are usually very thin, set high.
The ears of sheep of this breed are very short, but wide, set apart. The forehead is also large, the horns are missing or may have a rudimentary development in some sheep. On the forehead and between the ears, the wool of texels should not grow.
The growth of sheep-texels usually varies between 80-85 cm, while in sheep this indicator rarely exceeds 70-75 cm. These sheep weigh about 135 kg, which is slightly higher than the average weight of a sheep of this breed (ladies usually gain weight around 90-100 kg).
The weight of 2-month-old young animals quickly reaches the level of 30-40 kg, and by 8 months these animals get a mass of 50-60 kg. Thus, it turns out that young animals gain about 300-400 grams of weight per day.
Texel color is quite diverse. There are individuals with a blue or blue color, in which brown or even golden tint is mixed in. There may be texels with a white color for the head, legs or the whole body.
Little about the breed
For the first time such sheep were bred during the time of the Roman Empire. But they could only get more popularity in the 19th century. It was at this time that the quality indicators and the productivity characteristics of this breed increased markedly. On the territory of the Netherlands IslandsIn the province of North Holland, these sheep were crossed with dexter and lincoln sheep.
Ultimately, this selection gave three varieties of the new breed: Dutch, French and English. All these groups of sheep have become widespread and popular with farmers, so they are bred everywhere. Especially a lot of sheep texel observed in farms in Europe. Such animals are also grown in North America, Australia and New Zealand.
Positive and negative qualities
Breeders have been improving this breed over the past centuries, and now individuals have a large number of advantages over other breeds. And for small flaws can not pay special attention.
- meat productivity is high, and the taste quality of products is beyond praise,
- when shearing, the output of high quality wool and beautiful colors is large enough,
- strong immune system, fast adaptation to any climatic conditions and diet,
- calm temper, sheep differ autonomy and great physical strength,
- the number of newborn lambs per sheep is 1.6–1.8.
The disadvantages of the breed include:
- the appearance of offspring only once a year,
- due to the large mass of newborn lambs, childbirth in females can be quite heavy,
- since three months of age, the growth of muscle mass in young animals is significantly reduced,
In our country, purebred texels almost never occur.