Massive chickens are usually meat-type birds. This fact is due to the fact that the largest breeds of chickens have a large body, on which much more meat grows than on the body of the hens, which affects their weight, this is remarkably seen in the photo.
Representatives of the egg type, in turn, are characterized by fast metabolic processes and are not susceptible to obesity, due to which their egg production is higher.
What are the largest breeds of chickens?
The specimen is a representative of the meaty direction, the hens stand out for their beautiful and aesthetic appearance. At the same time, due to the remarkable performance, birds are quite in demand among poultry farmers. There is a rather similar in appearance to Brama type of chickens, bred in Ukraine. It is about Pervomaisk breed.
- maximum weight is 4.5 kg
- the number of eggs laid in a year is 130,
- average egg weight - 65 g
Representatives of the breed have a peace-loving character, quickly tame and trust people, besides, they coexist perfectly with other poultry. Read more in the article "Breed of chickens Brama".
Breed chickens "Master Gray"
Representatives of this breed are distinguished by large eggs.
Key performance indicators:
- individual mass reaches 4 kg,
- for the 1st year the hen lays about 300 eggs,
- average egg weight 70-90 g
The color of the feathers of chickens is gray-white, so-called cuckoo. This species is meaty type. Chickens are also a source of meat with excellent taste and large eggs. Read more in the article "Breed of Chicken Musts Gray".
Photo Jersey giant
The Breed of Chickens The Jersey Giant is another representative of the hens that lay large eggs. The largest breed of chickens is distinguished by the unusually large dimensions of this individual. On average, the mass of birds reaches around 4.5 kg.
- the head is small,
- the neck is slightly stretched,
- massive physique
- bulging breasts
- the back is quite wide.
For 1 year, a hen can lay about 180 eggs. The weight of which is 62 g. The Jersey giants come in the following colors: pale blue, light and dark. More information about the breed can be in the article "Jersey giant".
Birds are characterized by a large and powerful body, as well as high growth. Thick feather cover can be white, blue or fawn.
Main external characteristics:
- bulging breasts
- the back is wide enough
- wings are rounded in shape,
- strong neck
- the head is not very big
- small crest leaf-shaped,
- pretty short tail.
The individual does not require any special conditions of cultivation, but it has a rather aggressive disposition. Representatives of the breed gain up to 4 kg. During the year, the chicken is able to carry about 110 eggs, while the egg weight is 60 g. The best period for laying of these chickens is winter. Learn about the features of the breed in detail in the article "Breed of chickens Cochinquin".
This is a representative of the meat-giving direction of chickens, the main advantage of which can be called high-quality meat.
Main productive indicators:
- the average weight of males is 4.5 kg,
- chickens reach 3.5 kg,
- for a year, the hen lays 160 eggs,
- average egg weight - 70 g,
- The shell is yellow.
This feathered features beautiful exterior data, thick feather cover, as well as a wide variety of colors. For more details, see the article "Breed of chickens Orpington"
Features of keeping and feeding chickens of large breeds
Breeding such giants is not particularly difficult, but because of the large size of the individual, some nuances of content should be taken into account.
- firstly, it is recommended to arrange a wide range of walking for chickens,
- due to the heavy mass the bird is unable to fly, which is why there is no need to install high hedges,
- You should also arrange all the nests and perches as low as possible, or put additional “ramps”,
- layers often crush or discard eggs, which is why strict control over the laying process is required,
- the floor in the house should be covered with soft flooring to avoid injuries in chickens when falling,
- these birds are distinguished by good cold resistance, but at the same time their ridge is rather vulnerable.
It is very important to approach feeding chickens, do not overfeed them as these giants are prone to obesity, which entails a decrease in fertility.
Rooster Rooster Coburn
Rooster Rooster Coburn
This giant lives in the UK in Somerset. A rooster of similar impressive size feared his own owners. This giant weighs 11 kg, and in height reaches 61 cm.
Big Snow - big snow
Officially captured record among the largest roosters - the giant, called Big Snow. It is representative of a rather rare variety of Whitesulli. A native of Queensland cock that is in Australia. Male in 1992 reached a weight of 10.36 kg
The highest rooster in the world - "Little John"
Is the highest rooster in the world. At the withers, the height of the bird is 66 cm, and its appearance is capable of scaring little children.
The largest meat-type chickens are quite peaceful and calm. They have a phlegmatic character. In addition, this breed is quite expensive because of what is not very popular among standard breeders, although the reviews about it are good. Often, representatives of these breeds can be found at highly specialized exhibitions.
Cochinquin - one of the oldest breeds of chickens, known in Indochina since the eighteenth century. The birthplace of the breed is considered the Vietnamese region of Cochin China in the valley of the Mekong River. In China, amazing birds were considered the decoration of the courtyard and kept at the imperial court. At the end of the Anglo-Chinese "opium" war, among the gifts brought to Queen Victoria, there were Cochin.
Exotic chickens have gained popularity among English poultry farmers, were taken to America, where it is still very popular. In the course of breeding, chickens of various colors were bred: white, hemlock, fawn, blue, fawn, black.
In Russia, before the revolution, the Kokhinhin were very actively bred in peasant farms. Their rare quality was especially appreciated - an increase in egg production in winter. In our time, the population of kohinkhinov sharply decreased due to the high cost of breeding chickens. Most often they are kept for breeding and as a decorative bird.
Distinctive features of kokhinhinov:
- live weight of males - 5 kg, chickens - 4 kg,
- 110-120 ocher-brown eggs with a bright yolk, weighing 55-60 g, are obtained per year from a layer;
- endurance, good acclimatization in a climate with cold and long winters,
- rich plumage
- strong, powerful feathered tibia.
Important. Due to the excellent natural qualities they are actively used for breeding new breeds of chickens in the meat direction. Birds participated in the breeding of hen breeds Brahma, on their basis, many breeds of modern broiler crosses have been created.
Brahma bred by numerous crosses in the United States in the XIX century. Retaining the best qualities of the original genetic material, the brahma became one of the most popular meat-egg breeds in Europe and the USA.
There are several subspecies of Bram - fawn, light, dark, partridge.
Chickens differ not only in the coloring of their plumage, but also in size:
- black and grouse cockerels can weigh up to 7 kg, hens - 3-4.5 kg,
- live weight of light cockerels from 4 to 5 kg, hens - 3-4 kg.
- All subspecies carry approximately 120 eggs throughout the year. Their weight is 55-60 g.
Brahma are loved by poultry farmers for their stamina, stable performance, unpretentiousness to feed and a decorative look. They have a rich, abundant, silky to the touch plumage, characteristic shatanishki legs, an important bearing.
Orpingtons are considered a classic English breed. Large birds, with a characteristic cubic form of the body, are obtained by splitting black langshans, plymouthrocks, Sumatra and minoras by the breeder William Cook from the English county of Kent.
Orpingons have excellent dietary meat and a very light, almost snow-white carcass color. Roosters weigh from 4.5 kg to 7 kg, chickens - 3-3.5 kg. Laying eggs bring up to 160 eggs per year.
Orpingtons have an elegant "exhibition" appearance and have many colors:
- fringed blue,
- edged golden black
- tied hawk
- pinto black and white
Despite their impressive size, orpingtons are not high. Wide chest, shoulders, and back give massive body. The English have short wings and tail, fluffy abundant plumage.
For the rapid production of cheap meat products in large poultry farms and farmstead farms, broilers are grown. The first broilers were obtained by English poultry farmers from crossing two breeds of large chickens.
Important. Broilers are not breed. It is a hybrid with loose genetic characteristics that are not manifested in subsequent offspring.
Each year, new species are introduced at poultry farms, usually using white Cornish, Plymouthrock, Cochin, Langshan, Bram, Rhode Island, Kuchinsky chickens to cross.
Broilers are unpretentious to feed and content, resistant to disease.
Chickens very quickly gaining muscle mass, but in size they are inferior to the breeds of large chickens. The largest broiler Ross-708 for 35 days of life weighs 2.9-3 kg.
In addition to them, the most common broilers:
- Ross-308, reaches marketability in 2 kg at 42-63 days from the day of hatching,
- Cobb-500, differs yellow skin, at 6 weeks of life the bird weighs about 2.5 kg
- Gibro 6, cock weighs 6 months - up to 1.6 kg, chickens - up to 1.3 kg,
- Broiler-61, the weight of one and a half chickens to 1.8 kg.
Rooster Rooster Korbun, named after Western hero Henry Hathaway's “Real Courage” weighs 11 kg and grew to 91 cm.
Giant Brahma lives in the English city of Somerset with a married couple Stone. Justifying his name, Rooster Korbun bravely protects chickens from foxes and dogs.
Large breeds for home breeding
Meat breeds of chickens are the largest among other categories. These are highly productive cross-breeds (hybrids), bred for a specific purpose - to obtain a large amount of meat, so the egg production of these birds is low, but they carry eggs much larger than ordinary layers of egg breeds.
Large breeds of domestic chickens are distinguished by a bulky skeleton structure, due to which a greater amount of meat is built up on their body. They are stocky, squat, have short or medium strong legs, horizontally positioned bones, wide back and sternum, against which the head and crest seem small. The feather cover of birds, as a rule, is loose and soft.
Big chickens have a calm temperament. They are sedentary, apathetic and slow, never start a conflict in the hen house and are friendly towards others. Despite the low egg production, large chickens are excellent hens, capable of independent incubation of offspring. What chickens have such positive characteristics? Below is a list of five breeds that are considered the largest in the world.
The largest vegetables, the largest domestic animals and poultry - which only records can not be reached by the owners of private farms, however, not all are in a hurry to share their achievements and perpetuate the records of their pets. But among the birds and poultry are also often found - real giants with record weight. Below will be presented the largest cockerels who, thanks to their owners, were able to "light up", and become known to the whole world.
That was the name of the officially registered record holder rooster in the heavyweight category, owned by the Australian Ronald Alldridge from Queensland. At the time of registration in the Book of Records in 1992, this cockerel weighed 10.36 kg, had a chest girth of 84 cm and withers 43.2 cm in height. It belonged to a rather rare breed of chickens - Whitsulli, whose representatives can have a weight of 8-10 kg. The owner was very proud of his pet, as evidenced by numerous photos with celebrities. Big Snow died in the autumn of the same 1992 for natural reasons.
Advantages and disadvantages
Large hens of Brahma breed have the following advantages:
- lack of rationality
- adapting to conditions of detention
- an increase in egg-laying in the winter,
- opportunity to get offspring from chicks,
- high survival rates of young animals,
- tolerance of adverse environmental conditions.
By cons include a tendency to obesity. Also, lush plumage requires careful maintenance.
Brama was bred in North America at the end of the 19th century, and the standard for this breed was issued in 1874. The basis was taken two South Asian breeds: Kokhinkhinsky and Malay. It is noteworthy that the Malay breed is bred exclusively for fighting fights and weighs up to 4.3 kg.
As a result of selection work, a completely new meat-breeding breed, Brama, was obtained. The weight of chickens of this breed reaches 3-4 kg. One of the features of these birds is a quick weight gain.
The hens of Brahma are beautiful and graceful. Head high on a massive curved neck. There are two subspecies: light and dark. The dark subspecies are smaller in size and, therefore, in weight.
The hen with its large dimensions is very calm and easily gets along with another bird on the farm or the master farmstead. This breed was brought to Russia in the 19th century and now ranks second in terms of numbers. On each farm can be found chickens Brama.
Vietnamese breed of chickens looks very similar to Brahma chickens. Due to low productivity, it is almost not used for breeding in Europe and Russia.
But at the end of the XIX century there was a whole fashion for these birds in Europe. For the breed there is no standard of color, they have a white, and red, and pale yellow color of advancing. On the farms and breeding plants can meet various colors of chickens of this breed.
The body is massive with a small head. The uniqueness of the appearance of these chickens gives the plumage on the legs, such a kind of "pants".
The live weight of Cochinchina reaches 3.5-4 kg. Chickens carry from 100 to 120 eggs per year. It is noteworthy that the southern breed easily grows and bears eggs at fairly low temperatures. For this reason, in pre-revolutionary Russia it was quite popular among chicken breeders.
Birds are calm, sometimes even phlegmatic, prone to obesity, good hens take care of chickens. Chickens of a large breed Cochinquin are very expensive, perhaps this explains their small number in European farms and farms.
The English breeder William Cook faced a difficult task, to bring a large meat-and-chicken breed of chicken with white and not yellowish, like American hens, meat.
The new breed was named "Orpington" by the name of the city in Kent, where breeding works were carried out.
The appearance of the English breed is similar to the English weather. Chunky, short on legs, with short plumage chicken, with a small head and a straight neck. Kurozavodchiki noted in the birds of this breed dark look.
Chicken weight reaches 4.5-5.5 kg, roosters can gain weight up to 7 kg. Under certain conditions of maintenance and nutrition, males can reach a weight of 6-7 kg.
Chicken meat is really tender and light. Interestingly, as a result of breeding, scientists bred a breed that has 11 different feathering colors.
As we can see, certain large breeds of chickens are used on different continents and in different parts of the world. First of all, it depends on the culinary preferences of the population, the possibilities and the conditions of detention and food.
Genetic engineering and breeding are the future, but in pursuit of productivity and large size, breeders should not forget about the ecology and purity of the product that falls on the consumer's table.
Records personal chickens
Even among chickens there are real giants and champions. Despite the fact that most poultry farmers do not see the point in registering records, there are still some recorded facts.
This rooster is representative of the rather rare breed of Whitesulli hens. He lived in Australia. This is the official record holder, his weight was recorded by a special body in 1992. If the average weight of individuals of this breed is not more than 10 kg, then Big Snow weighed 10.36 kg.
Peculiarities of keeping large chickens
The breeding of such giant birds does not apply to a complex process, however, due to the large size, some nuances need to be taken into account:
- It is important to organize a spacious walking distance. There is no point in a high hedge, as these chickens do not fly.
- Nests and perches should be raised from the floor to a height of no more than 50 cm. If this is not possible, then additional ramps should be installed.
- The egg-laying process must be strictly controlled, since chickens very often crush or simply throw eggs.
- In order for birds not to be injured in a fall, it is recommended to cover the floor in the hen house with something soft.
- Feeding chickens should be clear and regulated, as these breeds tend to be obese, resulting in a decrease in fertility.
When deciding to start giant chickens in your compound, you also need to take into account two nuances - the high cost and rarity of such species. Представителей этих пород заменили быстрорастущие бройлеры.If you are connoisseurs of true chicken beauty, then the described breeds of birds are created for you.
Personal records of individual representatives
Very often, the owners, who managed to grow a particularly large rooster, do not really brag about it, or they brag only to their neighbors or friends. Of course, registering a record is somewhat troublesome. Therefore, to find information about the largest roosters in the world is not so easy, here are the most famous ones!