General information

Care for boxwood at home

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Latin name: Buxus.

Categories:Ornamental trees and shrubs, Container plants, Plants for shady areas.

Family: samshitovye (Buxáceae).

Motherland

In nature, boxwood (buksus) grows mostly in the Northern Hemisphere, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia and the West Indies. The genus includes about 30 species.

The form: evergreen shrub or tree.

Description

Boxwood (buksus) is a slow-growing evergreen shade-tolerant shrub or tree from 2 to 12-15 m tall with densely leafy shoots. The leaves of boxwoods are opposite, from elliptical to almost rounded, entire, fragrant, leathery, dark green. Plants are valued, first of all, for decorative dense crown and brilliant foliage. The box is durable (it lives up to 500 years and more). Plants tolerate a haircut. All parts of boxwood are poisonous.

Box evergreen (B. sempervirens). In nature, it grows up to 15 m in height, and in the culture more often shrubs are from 3 to 6 m high and from 1.5 to 3 m wide. The leaves of evergreen boxwood are oval, fragrant, leathery, dark green above, lighter below, almost yellow, flowers small, fragrant, yellowish green. In nature, boxwood evergreen grows in the Mediterranean, in the Caucasus, in the undergrowth of mixed and deciduous forests.

Small-leaf box (B. microphylla). Compact shrub with small, narrow, oblong leaves. In central Russia freezes and does not bloom.

Balearic box (B. balearica). The species with large leaves grows relatively quickly. It grows in southern Europe, in areas with a harsh climate does not winter.

Colchian boxwood, or Caucasian box (B. solchica). Tree up to 10 (less than 15) m tall. Listed in the Red Book.

In ornamental gardening, one type of plant is most often used - evergreen boxwood.

Growing conditions

Boxwood grows well in both lighted areas and shady gardens. However, it should be noted that in the shade the leaves of boxwood are dark green, in the sun they are light. When drought leaves become yellowish. The soils are undemanding to soils; they develop better on fertile, well-drained substrates containing lime. Growing boxwood is impossible on heavy soils, plants do not tolerate salinization.

In terms of winter hardiness - boxwood unpredictable plants. Much depends on the location of the box on the site. As a rule, boxwood is better tolerated for wintering on dry and poor soils than on heavy ones.

Often boxwood is grown in containers that are cleaned into the room for the winter.

Application

Boxwood is a plant that can be planted in both group and soliter plants. But more often the shrub is used as a boxwood for creating borders and hedges. The box has the ability to keep its shape for a long time, so in the southern areas it is used to create a variety of topiary figures. The hedge of boxwood is planted in one or two rows, in a checkerboard pattern.

Care

The box, like many evergreens, during the cold season suffers most from cold winter winds, late spring frosts, and low temperatures from thaws, and snow-free winters are dangerous for boxwood. Also, plants can get serious burns in early spring. The box successfully perezimuet in the presence of a snow cover and shading. In early November, the plants need to be watered abundantly to provide them with moisture for the winter period. The soil needs to be mulched, peat, for example. Spherical boxwood can be covered with wooden boxes with holes, curbs and hedges covered with non-woven material. To prevent the bushes from breaking, it is recommended to tie boxwood in some cases. With the onset of warm weather, the shelter is removed, in order to avoid the plants vyprevaniya, leaving only a light shelter for shading.

The first trimming of boxwood in Central Russia is carried out in early May. Too much boxwood is not pruned due to the low growth rate of the plant. Boxwood is sheared several times per season (in summer, from June to August).

To learn how to grow boxwood or how to propagate boxwood, you can learn from the relevant literature.

Breeding

The box in nature is propagated by seeds and vegetatively, in culture reproduction of boxwood is possible by cuttings. Summer cuttings are usually taken from late June to mid-July.

Room box: care and cultivation

Autumn cuttings are taken in late August and early September. Planting boxwood is carried out in the spring (the plants have time to take root and prepare for winter). However, it is possible to plant a box and in the fall (in the middle of September and the beginning of October).

You can buy boxwood in the garden center. Boxwood saplings can also be ordered online.

Diseases and pests

The box (buksus) may be affected by gall midge, box spider mites, aphids, and scutes.

Popular varieties

Varieties of evergreen boxwood

‘Angustifolia’. Boxwood variety with long, narrow and bluish leaves.

‘Bullata’. Compact wide slow-growing shrub of medium size from 2 to 3 m in height and up to 1.5-2 in width. The leaves are wide-round or oval, dark green or bluish-green. The flowers are small, lemon-yellow, with a pungent smell.

‘Myrtifolia’. Low loose bush with yellow and white-leafed leaves.

‘Suffruticosa’ (Curb Box). Compact dwarf slow-growing shrub from 0.4 to 0.8 m tall. The leaves are small, rounded, lemon-yellow flowers with

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Look at the photo!

The photo shows the greatness and solemnity of this representative of the flora, the variety of its shapes and sizes. This amazing plant belongs to the genus boxwood.

Of the varieties are especially popular: boxwood, Colchian boxwood, Balearic boxwood, sempervirens (buxus sempervirens), sempervirens arborescens.

If you look at the image, you can see small leathery round or oval leaves, which create the effect of pomp and greenery. The photo of the buksus indicates that it has small white flowers. There is a species that represents indoor plants. Most often they are cultivated in the form of ornamental dwarf trees.

Lurk buxus and disease, and pests. The most dangerous is the insect of the order Diptera, of the genus Monarthropalpus. This fly lays the larvae on the leaves, where they develop. Upon detection, it is necessary to carry out chemical treatment. Also found cancer. In this case, the damaged branches need to be removed and the cut processed

We will provide reproduction

After flowering, the buxus throws seeds out of a peculiar box, but they do not reproduce by them. Growing occurs vegetatively with cuttings of summer or autumn origin. Slightly stiff twigs are cut from 5 to 10 cm in size. Attention is paid that there are about two internodes, only the top two leaves are left, and the rest are removed.

Landing in the "nursery"

Now we will try to answer the questions that always arise for novice gardeners: how to plant, how to grow and when to replant.

Growing begins with planting cuttings in moist soil. Be sure to close the top of their banks or film, for better rooting. Within three weeks the root system develops.

Transplantation of rooted cuttings takes place in the "nursery", a special place reserved for young individuals. By the end of the season, they will grow up and will look like bushes. Planting can be carried out in pots, then if your pet did not have time to feel the strength in itself before the end of the season, it can be brought into the house. Then the event will be transferred in the spring, if you are interested in when to plant. Peculiarities of breeding at home are not significant: the temperature should not be high, there should be enough light (on the windowsill) and the ground should be wet. Care in the street, when preparing for the winter, should be reduced to a decent moisture and covering with burlap or legs of fir trees.

Beginning in April, a haircut is carried out - the process of giving a copy a certain shape. If problems arise, the description can be found in the special literature.

High-quality feeding

Top dressing with organic fertilizers usually takes place in the process of reproduction. In the process of cultivation, your pet needs special attention, and therefore use good quality mineral fertilizers.

A relative, who often works in our garden, once said: “I understand that there are not too many boxwoods on the plot!”. There is a grain of truth in this statement.

Boxwood: planting and care, breeding and species

Variants of use of boxwood (Buxus) in landscape design - a great many. Today we consider one of the most common - curb.

Boxwood often "beat off" the edges of flower beds and lawns. A wonderful plant is best suited for this purpose. It grows slowly, tolerates a haircut, after which it retains its shape for a long time.

And the crown is quite suitable - thick, dense, consisting of many small leaves. “Evergreen” boxwood is another advantage, which makes it possible to bring additional stains of paint into a winter garden.

In European design (country style) boxwood often turn off flower beds, the center of which is filled with flowers. The decision, let's say, "for the amateur", especially in the case when there are many flower beds, and they are small, and the flowers are planted on them are different. In our opinion, it looks somewhat artificial. Although - a matter of taste! Such a decision has a long history and the unconditional right to life!

Borders made from boxwood, framing lawns, or planted along paths (or both, look both ways) look much more stylish.

For this purpose you will need a large number of plants. Of course, it’s better if they are all the same age. But this is not always the case. Boxwood, often inadequately expensive, at a time you can not buy a lot. Do not be upset if you have to plant sprouts from different years of grafting. Fortunately, boxwood grows very slowly, so the difference of 1-2, even 3 years will be almost imperceptible. In addition, we always have at hand our "magic" garden shears (or brush cutter). They quickly correct all the differences in the outlines of the bushes!

We remind you that boxwood is easy to propagate on your own (see Reproduction boxwood) So, consider whether to go to the market with a bag of gold coins, or better, armed with shears, save money for other purposes.

How many plants do we need? It depends on the result you want to get. If you need a solid dense curb, like a low wall, then you need to plant densely, at least three plants per linear meter (that is, in fact, the distance between the bushes will be about 30 cm). If you want to “play” balls or cubes (that is, cut geometric shapes out of the bushes), the distance between the plants should be increased.

For example, we initially planned “balls”, so we left a distance of 40 cm between the bushes. But after three years, it turned out that this was not enough, because the grown-up boxwoods began to close, and therefore cutting the balls out of them became difficult.

Therefore, when creating the next border, we planted the plants already at a half-meter distance - 50 cm.

When your boxwood is the size of a palm, the empty space between them seems huge. But with good lighting and regular watering, the situation will change in a couple of years, and your shoots will turn into neat compact bushes.

Do not forget to retreat from the path of 25-30 cm, otherwise, the bushes will grow sideways on the paving, interfering with the movement. This is especially important if the path is narrow.

Leave the same distance from the planting line of bushes to the lawn line in order to cut the grass without touching the box. In other words, the width of your curb from the path to the lawn should be approximately 50-60 cm.

What is the easiest way to mark the landing? Suppose you decide to plant boxwood at a distance of 50 cm from each other and 30 cm from the track.

At the beginning and end of the border measure 30 cm from the edge of the walkway and hammer in the peg. Draw a string between them. Then mark the line of landing along the twine. The first bush is planted no closer than 30 cm from the beginning of the border, all subsequent bushes - at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Mark landing sites with pegs (any twigs will do). Remove the string. Now it remains only to remove the pegs one by one, and plant bushes in their place.

Do I need a border between the curb and the lawn? You can do without additional design. But if you emphasize the border line with at least one row of clinker or paving brick, then, of course, aesthetically, it will look much better.

Another successful (in all respects!) Solution is to fill the ground around the boxwood with a small stone. It can be pebbles, rubble, gravel - the variant depends on the style of your site and on whether any stone is already used in the design of your garden.

In our case it is a pebble. It mulches the ground, prevents evaporation of moisture and weed growth, and it looks more stylish than bare soil. In addition, there is no need to loosen the ground after watering.

Dare, dear gardeners and gardeners, we wish you success in creating “living” borders.

Growing boxwood and taking care of it at home

Distinctive features of all varieties of plants are a small growth rate, glossy foliage, densely strewing dense crown, as well as homely care for boxwood. With the right approach, the plant becomes a real decoration of the house and garden, for many years delighting the owner with an unusual appearance and bright greens.

In order for the box really to feel comfortable, it needs conditions close to natural conditions.

The plant spends the summertime on the open terrace, in the garden or on the balcony. At the same time, the box needs to select places with good lighting, but we must not forget about protection from direct rays, burning young shoots and foliage.

The ideal conditions for wintering a boxwood room is a dry, enclosed space with a temperature of +6 to +16 ° C. If the plant is grown in a garden, it can already suffer at –10 ° C, therefore garden shtram and bole-box trees must provide reliable shelter until the frosts are past. Care for boxwood at home involves frequent and abundant watering. Boxwoods love moisture. Its hardness is not a critical indicator, however, plants do not tolerate watering with cold or chlorine-containing water. In order not to harm the indoor pet, moisture is better to defend in advance.

In the warm season, boxwood requires abundant watering, because without water, it quickly begins to drop foliage and dry out. On hot days, boxwood responds well to spraying the crown.

By the fall, the frequency of watering is reduced, and in winter, only occasionally, as necessary, they moisten the soil, ensuring that the water does not stagnate and does not cause the root system to rot. The lower the air temperature in the room where the box is, the less its need for watering, but it should not be allowed to dry out.

During the period of active growth, from spring to early autumn, the shrub is fed at intervals of 10–14 days, alternating between mineral and organic supplements.

From complex ready-made fertilizer mixtures for boxwood the same formulations are suitable as for azaleas.

Propagation of boxwood and care for seedlings

In natural habitats, boxwood multiplies both vegetatively and with seeds that form in fruit-boxes and literally shoot after ripening by how many meters.

In order to speed up the process and facilitate care, at home the reproduction of boxwood is carried out using grafting. You can get cuttings twice a year.

  • In the summer months, young shoots that have recently lignified at the base are cut down for planting. In most cases, such cuttings can be obtained in June and July.
  • In the last days of summer or in early September, cuttings up to 10 cm long can also be cut, containing 2–3 internodes.

Planting material is planted under the film in a moist mixture of peat and garden soil.

At home, boxwood can be propagated by layering obtained from young shoots bent to the soil.

On such a branch, make a cut of the bark with a piece of wood and press the shoot to the ground, fixing this position with a wire clip and directing the upper part of the cuttings vertically. Rooting boxwood can last up to three weeks. The process can be accelerated with the help of growth stimulants, regular watering and a slight heating of the soil. When the young plants give the roots, they are seated at a distance of 10 cm from each other or in separate small pots.

How to transplant boxwood?

For transplanting young saplings and adult bushes of boxwood, a soil mix with a neutral reaction is needed, consisting of:

  • two parts of humus,
  • the same amount of sand
  • one piece of turf land,
  • small amount of small charcoal.

If the soil is too loose, some clay is added to it. This is especially important when planting a boxwood intended for bonsai and which subsequently does not transplant for a long time.

All types of boxwood require good drainage from fine gravel or rock dust with coarse sand.

The best time for a transplant is spring. During the warmer months, the plant will have time to acclimatize, and the winter for him will be less of a test. Новый горшок не должен быть чрезмерно обширным, особенно если речь идет о пересадке взрослого куста.

How to transplant boxwood with a closed root system, bought in a store? Often, such plants grow roots through drainage holes, and inside the container they are woven into a tight tangle. In this case, such a com should not be tried to straighten or unravel. The roots that have reached the walls of the pot are carefully cut off flush with the bottom, which, together with the peaty soil, are removed from the container and gently rolled into the prepared container and added to the prepared mixture.

Pests and diseases of boxwood

Most cases of loss of attractiveness by a shrub, as well as damage to the plant by pests and diseases, are associated with violation of the rules of care for boxwood at home:

  1. Excessive watering during the cold season leads to the appearance of decay on the roots and other diseases of boxwood.
  2. Drying of the soil and dry air in the room is the cause of loss of foliage and drying of the young parts of the shoots.
  3. If the air temperature for a long time is kept above 18 ° C, then the box also begins to lose leaves and weaken.

Neglect of top dressings, frost damage and other factors also lead to the weakening of the plant. Diseases of boxwood and pests affect just weak, depleted specimens.

Among the pests that can quickly settle on a weakened plant are spider mites, box gall midges and various types of scale insects. The leaves of the shrub are affected by the larvae of the fly-miners laying their eggs in the tissue of the plant.

And more recently, boxwood in our country and all of Europe has a new enemy, brought from East Asia. The box fire with the saplings in 2006 was first brought to Germany, then it was discovered in Holland, Switzerland and other parts of the Old World. And in 2012, on the box intended for landscaping Olympic Sochi, caterpillars and butterflies came to Russia. Today, the pest does serious damage to the wild landings of the relic Colchian boxwood.

To combat the larvae, ticks and caterpillars on the box use modern insecticides and fungicides. Sick and pest-prone shoots are cut and destroyed. At the same time, home care for boxwood is sure to be established, providing the plant with proper watering, temperature control and fertilizing.

Formation of the crown and trimming boxwood

Since boxwood does not differ in growth rate, it is easy to cut, giving the crown a variety of forms.

Since trimming the box affects the shoots of the shrub, the removal of their tops leads to the beginning of active branching, the crown becomes even thicker, and the old branches do not gradually become exposed as on wild species. Thanks to competent pruning, boxwoods are grown at home as bonsai, shaped in the form of standard trees, silhouettes of various animals, geometric figures and other objects.

Pruning boxwood will be most effective if carried out from April to July, when the growth rate of shoots and foliage of the plant is maximum. For the formation of the crown today use special templates that help quickly and accurately create the planned composition.

How to buy a young seedling in the store

To select young saplings of boxwood in a store, you need to know which ones are grown at home. In particular, these are such species as:

  • Balearic (leaf length up to 4.5 cm)
  • small-leaved (leaf length up to 2.5 cm)
  • evergreen (leaf length up to 3 cm).
To create a bonsai of boxwood, the most suitable type Garland. He tolerates a haircut, as well as changes in shape using a wire frame.

When buying, pay attention to the appearance of the plant. The leaves should be dark green, the stems are not bare. This is a sign of a healthy plant..

Lighting Requirements

The box loves the lit place, but does not transfer direct sunshine. Under the scorching sun the leaves of the plant turn yellow and dry. Often this happens at the end of winter, when the root system is still asleep and the foliage wakes up under intense sunlight.

The leaves do not get enough moisture and dry, which leads to burnout of boxwood bushes. To prevent this from happening, bushes need to cover.

Fertilizer and top dressing of the soil

In spring and summer you need to feed boxwood once in 10-12 days. It is necessary to make organic and mineral fertilizers in turn. For boxwood suitable fertilizer intended for azaleas. Before we do the haircut, it is necessary to feed the boxwood in the spring. This will help stimulate the growth and development of foliage plants.

Cropping and crown formation

Consider when and how to cut boxwood.

Trim room boxwood carried out as needed throughout the year. As the plant grows slowly, crown correction should be well thought out.

However, it is not necessary to be afraid of this process. If your potted plant is well rooted, you can form a crown. This usually occurs in the second year after landing.

To begin with, we determine the form. The shape of a decorative boxwood can be cubic, spherical, conical or any other geometric shape.

To cut the perfect ball, you must first cut out the "equator" and 4 "meridians", and later, focusing on these directions, give the bush a perfectly even spherical shape.

Also for this purpose you can use metal pattern. Its design consists of a rod and a wire nozzle of a semicircular shape freely rotating around it. The rod is stuck into the ground near the trunk of a boxwood. Trimming the excess shoots, encircle the shape around the plant.

It is possible to give shape with metal frame. He put on the plant after planting, cut off all the shoots that go beyond the frame. To give shape to such a plant has for several years.

After filling out the form, the metal mesh can be removed, the haircut should be carried out regularly. Usually in this way the plant is shaped into various animals.

Also looks beautiful bonsai of boxwood. To create a bonsai, it is necessary to trim the leaves and small shoots from the bottom of the boxwood bush. Using a wire, wind the exposed portion of the thin stem at an angle of 45 degrees, forming a tree trunk.

Top shoots cut with scissors in the form of a ball or a drop. To create an inclined branch with wire, give it the necessary shape, and adjust the angle of inclination by fixing to the pot.

The wire should be on the plant no more than 7 months. If it is not removed, then it can grow into the cortex. After removing the wire from an inclined branch, its growth will continue in this direction.

After finishing a haircut, bonsai must be transplanted into a special flat container. To do this, pour drainage 2 cm thick in the bottom of the container. We take the plant out of the pot, clean the roots from the ground and cut them with sharp scissors, leaving the third part.

Next, place the plant in a new container and fall asleep on top of the substrate. It is prepared from clay, humus and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 2. The substrate can be covered with sphagnum moss. It will retain moisture for the plant and give it an aesthetic look. Watering should be done every 4 days.

Transplant rules

It's time to find out when to repot the boxwood. A young houseplant under 4 years old needs an annual transplant. A new pot should not be too large compared to the previous one, otherwise it will lead to a delay in the growth of the plant and may destroy it.

Methods of breeding indoor boxwood

To understand how boxwood reproduces at home, it is important to know the ways of its reproduction - cuttings and seeds. The most common is grafting. Consider how to grow boxwood yourself.

The grafting process is carried out in August - September. For this, cuttings are cut with a tree stem up to 9 cm long and two internodes. Rooting takes a long time. To accelerate this process using phytohormones and soil heating.

Pot for planting should have a drainage layer. For good plant growth, it is necessary to prepare the soil from a mixture of leafy earth, coniferous earth and coarse sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.

The method of reproduction using seeds is more laborious.

To do this, ripe seeds are soaked in water with a growth stimulator for one day. Then they are sown on a fabric in a straight line, covered with the other end of the fabric and wound in a roll. This bundle must be kept constantly wet (not wet) for a month until white sprouts appear.

Diseases and pests

Improper care of the plant affects the decorative qualities of the plant. Excessive watering contributes to the decay of the root system, spraying irregularly - drying the foliage, and the high temperature of the air in winter - dropping the foliage.

Since the leaves and branches of boxwood contain alkaloids (this substance is poisonous for most pests), the list of insects that eat the plant is not so long.

The pests of boxwood include gallitsa, spider mites, scutes.

Galitsa - this is an insect. It forms growths on the stems and trunks of boxwood, within which the process of reproduction and maturation of insect larvae occurs. The larvae feed on the sap of the leaves, causing them to fold.

Spider mite - common pest of indoor plants. As a result of piercing the tissue with a pest and sucking the plant sap on it, small yellowish dots form on the leaves.

As a preventive measure, every plant that appears in your home should go through anti-parasitic quarantine. Ticks multiply well in hot, dry weather, therefore it is necessary to spray houseplants and ventilate the room.

In addition to chemicals, spider mite is affected by spraying with soapy water, treatment with an ultraviolet lamp, alcohol treatment of leaves.

Shchitovka - this insect differs from one another in that its body is covered with a wax shield. Insects sit on the plant motionless, pierce the leaves and suck the juice out of them. The impact of shchitovki on boxwood is characterized by stickiness of leaves, the appearance of yellow spots on them. Methods of prevention and control are the same as with spider mite.

It is more problematic to resolve the issue of boxwood diseases and their treatment.. Diseases that can affect boxwood are shoot necrosis. It is characterized by the death of the ends of the shoots and the formation of spots on the leaves.

If you look at the section on the diseased branch, you can see the detachment of the cortex and dark circles. A good method of dealing with the disease is to cut off diseased branches. This will provide better air circulation and light penetration. Cut branches burn, and the plant is treated with fungicides based on copper or sulfur.

If boxwood has turned yellow after winter, there may be three reasons, since the symptoms are very similar. This is either shoot necrosis, frostbite of young branches as a result of freezing, or spring burnout of the bush..

Therefore, it is necessary to cut off the damaged branches and process the fungicide along with some growth regulator to support the plant. A more accurate diagnosis can be made in the laboratory by testing for the presence of necrosis.

Also boxwood can be affected by cancer. To combat the disease, it is necessary to trim the affected part of the bush to healthy wood and treat the wound with Fundazol.

Growing and caring for boxwood, you will get great pleasure. It will protect your home from bacteria and create comfort.

Varieties and varieties of evergreen boxwood

There are three areas of growth of boxwood (Buksus) in nature: on the African continent, in the north of Mexico and the island of Cuba. The largest natural distribution area of ​​the buxus is the southern region of the European continent, the foothills of the Caucasus, China and Japan.

In Russia, buksus grows wild in the Krasnodar Territory, in Adygea, in the gorges of the Caucasus Mountains, where mountain rivers flow. The only type of boxwood is found here - Colchis (Buxus colchica). Unfortunately, the natural habitat of boxwood in Russia is constantly decreasing, the reason is barbaric bush cutting and environmental degradation: the culture is listed in the Red Book.

Only about 30 types of buxus are known, but only some of them are widely used for decorative gardening. Boxes are long-livers in the world of shrubs. The lifespan of a single bush can be 500 years.

For landscaping gardens and parks, the following varieties of evergreen buxus (Buxus semperv irens) are used:

  • Suffrutikosa - characterized by strictly vertical growth direction,

  • Blauer Heinz - tough shoots are directed strictly upwards, grows very slowly, the color of leaves is bluish,

  • Elegans - used in landscape design for the formation of spherical garden forms. The bush is naturally globular in shape, the leaves are green,

  • The tree bush is shaped like a large shrub or small tree. The leaves are dark green. The highest of all varieties,

  • Winter Gem is a short, slow-growing shrub with small leaves, suitable for creating topirovyh garden forms and container growing.

Proper planting is a prerequisite for good growth of boxwood bushes.

Place for landing buksus must meet a number of requirements. The thing is that the culture grows well and develops on moderately wet soils. Ideal for planting areas with sandy or loamy soil composition. Heavy, acidic soil is not suitable for planting evergreen boxwood bushes; therefore, in such areas, preliminary measures should be taken to improve the soil structure.

The high level of groundwater will adversely affect the development of the root system of boxwood. Given that the culture grows in one place over 500 years, the site should be carefully selected, taking into account the existing topography, soil composition and groundwater level.

Particular attitude to boxwood to the effects of sunlight. The plant prefers to grow in partial shade. Of course, it’s hard to avoid sun-lit planting if boxwood bushes are used to create a hedge. But, ideally, the plant grows beautifully and develops in the presence of shading from direct sunlight.

Evergreens continue to grow in the winter, when they may experience a lack of moisture in deeply frozen soil, which is aggravated when they are planted in sunny places. Dehydrated boxwood bush can lose most of the leaves and even die.

Usually, the tusks are planted in the garden in spring, decorating them with alpine slides or rockeries. Particular attention should be paid to the state of the crown and root system of seedlings. The roots should not be dried up and broken, and the crown should not have bare spots and yellow leaves.

For planting bushes make separate pits or trenches (when arranging hedges), the depth of prepared pits should be twice the length of the roots of seedlings.

Tip! The distance between the planted bushes of boxwood in a row should be at least 30 cm.

Young planting boxwood perfectly respond to watering and spraying the bushes on the leaves.

Care for boxwood: some of the subtleties of growing crops

Planting and caring for the crop, executed correctly, with the observance of agrotechnical requirements, will allow you to grow a healthy plant that can decorate the garden for many years.

Care culture includes:

Diseased plants attacked by pests should be treated with special preparations. To prevent the development of diseases, it is necessary to periodically inspect growing bushes of boxwood.

Separately, it should be noted the rules for the care of boxwood when performing formative pruning of bushes and creating figured trees. It is allowed to conduct pruning in the warm season during the period of plant growth - from April to September. The haircut of the bushes is repeated at intervals of 4 weeks, while it is necessary to fertilize and feed the emerging plants.

Fertilizer and feeding of evergreen buxus

From April to August, the box needs regular feeding. It is best for plants to assimilate special fertilizers in liquid form, which are applied weekly at the root, or in the form of foliar feeding on the leaves.

The plant itself is able to signal a lack of nitrogen: its leaves acquire a reddish color with a touch of bronze.

When planting boxwood bushes, granulated organic and mineral fertilizers are added to planting pits. In the autumn it is useful to feed the boxwood with potash fertilizers.

Ways to breed boxwood

If necessary, you can get young plants boxwood yourself. For this there is grafting method plants. Although the growth of culture does not differ in speed, the boxwood root takes root and forms a young plant during the warm period.

Cuttings with a length of at least 20-30 cm should be harvested from healthy plants. It is best not to cut them off from the parent stem, but to break them “with the heel”. Cuttings are planted in soil rich in humus in special boxes, which are located in a greenhouse or greenhouse. It is not necessary to cover the cuttings of boxwood with a film.

Seed method reproduction cultures are rarely used, taking into account slow growth.

Varieties

Currently boxwood is widely used in the art of landscape design. Let us consider in more detail the types of this plant, which are used in this area more often than others.

Box evergreen в природе произрастает в Кавказских горах и странах Средиземноморья. Неприхотлив к освещению, ему одинаково хорошо как в полутени, так и на солнечных участках. Без своевременной обрезки может быть достаточно высоким – высотой до 3-х метров.

Самшит мелколистный is a dwarf shrub. In comparison with the previous relative, it tolerates winter colds better. This species is derived from South Asian specimens, and can survive without a shelter 30 degree frost. Differs compact form and decorative crown. It is suitable for growing in a flowerpot.

Box boularian - the largest representative of the family, the leaves are long - up to 5 cm. Came to us from the Bolean Islands (Spain). In the wild, it is found in the mountainous areas of southern Spain, Portugal, and on the shores of the Crimea.

Care Tips

As already mentioned, boxwood does not belong to capricious plants. Without much difficulty grown in open ground, but with the same success it can be obtained boxwood at home, in a flower pot.

This plant does not need a special light mode, the flowerpot with buksus can be put both on the windowsill lit by the sun, and on the fully shaded one. Room temperature is quite suitable for successful development and growth of boxwood at home. In winter, when its biorhythms slow down naturally, it is recommended to lower the temperature of the content to 15 degrees.

In summer, buksus requires abundant watering. Water it then, as soon as the soil dries. In the cold season, when the air temperature drops, watering is reduced to moderate. It is important to prevent excess water around the root system - waterlogging can cause root rot.

Humidity for the maintenance of indoor boxwood should be moderate. If you take care of the plant properly, its leaves must be sprayed from time to time. This procedure will not allow the leaves to dry and curl, as well as protect the plant from pests.

Boxwood is rarely transplanted - in growth it is very slow. One replanting is enough for several years. The transplant is usually done at the beginning of spring - at this time the processes of growth and development of the plant are activated. The next pot for this buksus should be larger than the previous one.

Boxwood does not usually get sick during transplantation, but it is important to ensure that drainage is good at the bottom of the pot (this is perhaps the basic rule of caring for boxwood at home) Excessive moisture near the roots is very often the cause of plant diseases.

The soil for buksus should be structured and nutritious. Specialized stores offer ready-made substrate substrate, but it can be prepared independently. To do this, take 4 parts of sod land, 2 parts of leaf and 1 part of sand with large particles. A plant purchased in a store is better to transplant immediately - usually it is sold in the so-called transportation soil, which is not so nutritious and dries quickly. Transplanted extremely carefully - it is important not to injure the roots. The day before transplanting, a sapling of a buxus is watered abundantly - this will make the soil ball softer.

It is possible to propagate boxwood in two ways - by grafting or from seeds.

When propagating by cuttings, the twigs are cut from adult and healthy plants. This is usually done in April or May. At the same time, they take shoots that have grown during the past year (a small part of the last year is admissible). The cutting should be 15–20 cm long. Cut branches are buried in the soil with the addition of a root stimulator and cover with a transparent vessel for some time, making something like a little greenhouse. When breeding boxwood in such a way the appearance of the roots should be expected in a month, full rooting of the plant occurs only in the fall.

The seed propagation method of this plant is more laborious. First of all, its complexity is that buccus seeds quickly lose their germination. Therefore, it is better to sow the change immediately after harvesting or to store it in a refrigerator in a glass container until spring. Seeds bought in the store are best subjected to stratification - they are kept in wet sand at a temperature of +5 degrees for two months. After this procedure, which significantly increases the germination of seeds, they are sown in a pot and covered with a film for the first time. For germinating seeds withstand temperatures of +15 degrees. Germination time is quite long - from 1 to 3 months.

Experience shows that even a beginner can grow boxwood at home. You just need to be patient - and you get the original decoration of your home.

Lighting and accommodation in the interior

Unlike garden potted boxwood, which can be displayed both in bright light and in partial shade, indoor boxwood needs more stable lighting. In the room for the plant pick up bright places, protecting the leaves from the midday sunlight. In ambient lighting, indoor boxwoods achieve maximum decoration.

Indoor boxwood do not like artificial lighting, so compensate for the lack of light for them will not succeed. Plants should be placed on windowsills - east, west, or partly south windows.

Selecting a place in the room for boxwood, it is worth remembering why this landscape-bush was introduced into indoor culture. Boxwood is an evergreen accent, a small, lively sculpture in a pot that should be used as a single accent.

This plant is an analogue of a large décor, a green sculpture, which is exhibited as a setting and style decoration on the most prominent places. In groups, boxwood is not lost, but indoor boxwood is better able to reveal its true beauty in proud solitude.

Temperature and ventilation

For indoor boxwood cool conditions are preferable. Indoors, this plant does not tolerate heat very well, but it responds well to lower temperatures. In the summer, if the air temperature exceeds + 23 ° C, measures should be taken to regularly air and increase humidity. In the spring and autumn, the cooling of the boxwood is not terrible, but it is better to limit the minimum temperature in any season except winter to + 12 ° С.

Winter boxwood should be in low temperatures. Unlike tub plants, they do not tolerate lowering the air temperature below + 5 ° С. The wintering mode from +5 to + 10 ° С is considered ideal for this plant, but if such conditions are not created, then it is necessary to lower the figures in winter to at least + 12 ... + 16 ° С.

The box adores fresh air. It is not only possible, but also desirable to carry it out in the summer to the garden, to the open veranda, balcony. In the fresh air, the plant is much less capricious than on the windowsill. But provided regular airing boxwood will not suffer in the room.

Placing indoor boxwoods in the open air, they need to look for places in shading: a sharp drop in the intensity of illumination on sunny sites is likely to be disastrous for the plant.

Small-leaf boxwood. © buildhouseGrooming at home

Indoor boxwoods are far from the most resistant and undemanding plants. The boxwood can be considered as one of the most capricious indoor shrubs, but the other two species do an excellent job with the fluctuations of conditions.

Misses in the care for boxwood will pass without consequences, only if we are talking about minor deviations from the norm. In order for room boxwood to retain a high decorative effect, it is necessary to take care of stable humidity, notice the slightest problems in its growth, and ensure the flow of fresh air.

Watering and humidity

Indoor boxwoods are watered gently, maintaining a light stable moisture content of the substrate. The frequency of these procedures is set so that the topsoil dries out between the irrigations. Rare, but not abundant watering is preferable. In winter, when kept cool, watering is minimal and leaves and leaves that do not dry out. Drought boxwood endure well, but only short. Prolonged drying of the substrate affects the decorative greenery.

An unpleasant surprise for many who want to have a boxwood in the room is his love for high humidity. The box, especially in a heat, needs regular water procedures. For this bush there is no need to install industrial humidifiers or even pallets with moss. This garden plant is not only not afraid of getting wet, but also loves spraying.

Periodic or regular in the summer, ordinary spraying significantly increases the decorative foliage and stimulate the growth of luxurious dense crown.

And for irrigation, and for spraying boxwood in room culture is better to use separated water. Water temperature for spraying does not matter much, but for irrigation it is desirable to use lukewarm water.

Fertilizers and fertilizer composition

For indoor boxwood in top dressing, it is important to find a balance between maintaining a stable nutritional value of the soil and the absence of excess nutrients. For this plant, it is enough to apply fertilizer with a frequency of 1 time per month for adult plants and 1 time in 2 weeks - for young and actively growing boxwood. With a standard frequency of supplements, once every 2 weeks, the dosage of fertilizers is halved. Top dressing for indoor boxwood is carried out only from March to August.

For indoor boxwood is quite suitable and conventional universal fertilizer. But the best results are ensured by the use of special fertilizers for rhododendrons. The balance of nutrients, macro-and micronutrients in such fertilizers provides foliage more saturated color and impeccable appearance.

Trimming and forming room boxwood

The best period for trimming any indoor boxwood rightly called the beginning of summer. If the box has not been formed before this time, the pruning is carried out in the second half of June or early July. For formed boxwood pruning can be carried out from spring to early autumn, maintaining the contours, depending on the growth rate and the need to restrain the plant.

Boxwood carries both light and strong formation. Cut it depending on the desired size and contours. It can be cut to a specific pattern or improvising. On the twigs need to leave at least two pairs of leaves. For young shoots, pinching or shortening of the tips can be used.

If desired, bonsai can be formed from boxwood using both trimming and other methods of forming a silhouette and style. The wire on the plant can be kept for a long time, fixing and directing the trunk and branches. The maximum duration of the shoots is up to 7 months. Pruning small shoots and the formation of the crown is always carried out on a given silhouette.

Transplant and substrate

Like any other indoor plant, boxwood prefers transplanting at the beginning of the active growth stage, in spring. If necessary, the box can be transplanted at a later date, but not at the resting stage. The frequency of transplantation is determined individually, focusing on the growth rate of the plant. For boxwood, an annual transplant is still considered a rarity.

The plant is transferred to larger containers when the roots have completely mastered the substrate, with an average frequency of 1 time in 3 years. Bonsai form benches do not recommend replanting at all.

The soil for indoor boxwood must be breathable, loose and nutritious. Both universal substrate and special earth mixes for decorative leafy crops are suitable for boxwood. By controlling the nutritional value of the soil, one can limit the growth of the plant and thicken the crown: in poor soil, the box produces thinner and shorter shoots with thick leaves.

If the mixture is made up independently, then it is better to mix turfy, leafy soil and sand in the ratio 4: 2: 1. The addition of peat for this plant is undesirable.

For boxwood it is impossible to greatly increase the size of the pots: only a couple of centimeters are added to the diameter of the previous container. The boards prefer classic containers with a height slightly larger than the width.

Indoor boxwoods gently roll over into new containers. The earth lump cannot be destroyed, except for the removal of the contaminated upper layer.

Boxwood in the form of bonsai. © Nano Maus

Diseases, pests and growing problems

Potted boxwood is one of the most resistant to pests of shrubs. Only in a state of neglect can these evergreens suffer from spider mites. There are also scale insects on them. It is better to fight pests with simple washing off with soap solutions. Insecticides are used only when strongly neglected infection.

Reproduction of indoor boxwood

Boxwoods propagated by cutting. In room shrubs, spring and summer cuttings can be used, but not fully lignified shoots: you can cut the branches at that stage, while only the base lignified. The last cuttings from room boxwoods are cut in early July.

Standard cuttings in this shrub up to 7 cm (with at least two internodes). Lower leaves can be removed, leaving only the top pair. Oblique cuts below the node - the classic version. Cuttings take root in ordinary water, but more often they prefer a more reliable method: they are buried at an angle into a sandy mix or a common substrate, and they are kept under a cap. With the creation of stable humidity and frequent airing, cuttings can take root within a month after planting. Grow them in larger containers. Lower heating and treatment with growth stimulants increase the speed and improve the quality of rooting.

Seed method for indoor boxwood can be used, but it is used very rarely because of the duration of the subsequent rearing of plants until they reach the maximum decorative effect.

Maybe someone from the readers of “Botanichka” already grows boxwood in room conditions. We will be grateful if you share your experience in the comments to this article or on our Forum.

Boxwood (Buskus) - several dozen species of evergreen shrubs, characterized by the presence of a large number of shoots with fairly dense dark green shiny leaves. Decorative boxing is widely used in landscape design to create curbs, hedges, backstage. Considering that the plant perfectly tolerates pruning, geometric shapes and complex plot compositions are created from the boxwood bushes in the areas.

Growing boxwood at home

Boxwood is often grown as a houseplant. Due to the small leaves and rather slow growth, boxwood is popular among florists who are interested in bonsai - growing dwarf trees. It is best to create a garland bonsai of boxwood, which is amenable to any kind of formation: trimming, cutting, changing shape using wire cages.

Boxwood: breeding

The ornamental plant propagates by seeds and cuttings, but the most commonly used is grafting. A thick drainage layer is made in a pot, a soil mixture is prepared from leafy ground (2 parts), coniferous ground (1 part), coarse sand (1 part). In August - September, woody cuttings 7–9 cm long with two internodes are cut. Cuttings take root for a very long time, to speed up the process, heated soil and phytohormones are used.

Boxwood: Disease

As already noted, the loss of decorative qualities caused by improper care for indoor plants. Excessive watering in the winter causes rotting of the root system, dry air, irregular spraying in the heat - twisting and drying the foliage, too warm air temperature in the room in winter - dropping the leaves. On a weakened plant, a gallite, spider mite, or shieldfish may settle. To destroy pests, experienced growers recommend pruning sick shoots and treating boxwood with fungicides, and subsequently adjusting care.

The box is very useful to keep indoors, as a representative of myrtle releases phytoncides that neutralize harmful bacteria. In this regard, the microclimate is improved in the room where the plant is located.

The boxwood, which forms a dense, well-trimmed crown, is one of the favorite plants of landscape designers. On the basis of this evergreen shrub with a dense compact crown and small leaves are created not only green borders and living walls, but also amazing sculptural compositions.

Interest in culture today is greater than ever. What are the requirements of the plant to the conditions of detention, and how to care for boxwood, so that the plant for a long time will enjoy the brilliance of foliage and perfect form?

In nature, there are more than four dozen species of boxwood growing in the Mediterranean countries, in Southeast Asia and in India, as well as in Africa and Madagascar.

Two wild-growing boxwood species are common on the territory of Russia: Colchian and Hyrcan.

The evergreen boxwood is considered the most famous cultivated plant from this vast family, followed by small-leaf and Balearic boxwood. These species are used in landscaping cities and parks, as well as grown as indoor crops. The whimsical Garland boxwood is used to create miniature bonsai.

Box in nature and in the room - the differences and features

Boxwood is one of the most recognizable evergreen shrubs. Это растение давно стало «обязательным» не только в городском озеленении, но и в садовом дизайне. Самшит – главная звезда регулярных садов и фигурной стрижки. Его легко узнать и по характеру роста, и по красоте поразительно густой листвы. Но если в садах или парках самшит уже давно воспринимается как классика, то в комнате он вызывает, по крайней мере, удивление.

Самшит настолько «садовое» растение, что представить его в закрытом пространстве помещения очень сложно. But in recent years, along with the best conifers, boxwood began to conquer new heights and as indoor plants. In our country, they still seem to be a novelty and a novelty, but in the West they have long become one of the wonderful alternatives to the usual decorative and leafy accents.

First in the interiors of the rooms, the designers began to introduce boxwood, flirting with oriental style. Today boxwood is the main star of Chinese and Japanese restaurants, an amazing accent of modern interiors with a focus on minimalism.

In nature, boxwood is found throughout the Northern Hemisphere, especially they are found throughout North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Western Asia. As an ornamental plant, boxwood is one of the most popular plants on our planet. These are representatives of the family of the same-name Boxwood.

The exterior of indoor boxwood is as recognizable as the ordinary garden boxwood. Despite the maximum declared height of 1 m, in the rooms the bush is usually limited to 30-60 cm. It is a densely branched compact slow-growing evergreen shrub with a strikingly dense crown. Straight shoots are densely dotted with pairwise sedentary leaves. Small, up to 3 cm, glossy, with a central vein, elongated-oval boxwood leaves are easily recognizable not only by the characteristic shade of dark green color, alternating on the back side of a lighter, but also by a pleasant smell.

The box seems to be perfect in terms of crown density and texture. The plant naturally flaunts dense contours, but indoor boxwood, like garden, is grown only with the formation of strict silhouettes. The box can be set to any growth direction and any contour. In the rooms boxwood do not bloom.

Beautiful green boxwood in the interior and beckoning to touch. But with the plant you need to be careful. All parts of boxwoods are poisonous, they contain dangerous alkaloids. Toxicity of the plant should be considered not only when pruning, but also when choosing a location, because this plant is not suitable for growing in homes with small children or pets.

Home boxwoods fully reveal their phytoncidal talents. The plant is considered one of the most useful shrubs that can clean the air from bacteria and toxins.

Boxwood in pots. © hunted.design

Types of indoor boxwood

Types of boxwood are rarely distinguished. Most often, when buying a finished indoor plant, you can see the label "boxwood" or just the name of the plant. But it would be a big mistake to assume that a single species from the entire boxwood species — dominant in landscape design — is grown in the rooms.

Boxwood or evergreen (Buxus sempervirens) - the card of boxwood, a species that can be transferred to a pot culture and grown indoors. But in room culture, two other types of boxwood exhibit better properties, possessing more interesting foliage and thickened crown with compact sizes. The boxwood is much more capricious, often sheds leaves, does not forgive mistakes in care.

Small-leaf box (Buxus microphylla) - densely leafy, strikingly curly shrub. With a length of leaves of only 2.5 cm, this box is characterized by slow growth, perfectly retains its shape and silhouette, almost without requiring frequent pruning. Due to the density of the crown is considered an ideal box for pot culture, it is the best choice if you want to create a strict "perfect" silhouette.

Bolearsky box (Buxus balearica) - a very beautiful shrub with rather large, oval leaves, famous for its ornamental pattern, full appearance, bright, rich-medium-green color. Leaves in length can exceed 4 cm. Due to its rapid growth, it is one of the best plants for experimenting with topiary art.

Box ordinary or evergreen (Buxus sempervirens). © Mark Bolin Box leaf (Buxus microphylla). © harum.koh Bolear Box (Buxus balearica). © Patrick Nicolas

Conditions for growing boxwood room

Despite the status of one of the most common plants, boxwood is far from simple to grow, even in garden culture. In the cultivation of this plant, there are often failures, because the box's dislike for winds, sensitivity to spring burns, dependence on the stability of winter temperatures and the level of snow are not always taken into account. In room culture, the selection of conditions for boxwood is as important as for its garden counterparts.

We have indoor boxwood in an assortment of flower shops are still rare. For cultivation in room culture, you can purchase both genuine indoor boxwood and potted boxwood in shopping centers. This plant is available and common. If desired, you can grow indoor boxwood and rooted cutting, which is sold for the garden, or to get the cutting itself.

Care for the box at home

Indoor boxwoods are far from the most resistant and undemanding plants. The boxwood can be considered as one of the most capricious indoor shrubs, but the other two species do an excellent job with the fluctuations of conditions.

Misses in the care for boxwood will pass without consequences, only if we are talking about minor deviations from the norm. In order for room boxwood to retain a high decorative effect, it is necessary to take care of stable humidity, notice the slightest problems in its growth, and ensure the flow of fresh air.

Reproduction of indoor boxwood

Boxwoods propagated by cutting. In room shrubs, spring and summer cuttings can be used, but not fully lignified shoots: you can cut the branches at that stage, while only the base lignified. The last cuttings from room boxwoods are cut in early July.

Standard cuttings in this shrub up to 7 cm (with at least two internodes). Lower leaves can be removed, leaving only the top pair. Oblique cuts below the node - the classic version. Cuttings take root in ordinary water, but more often they prefer a more reliable method: they are buried at an angle into a sandy mix or a common substrate, and they are kept under a cap. With the creation of stable humidity and frequent airing, cuttings can take root within a month after planting. Grow them in larger containers. Lower heating and treatment with growth stimulants increase the speed and improve the quality of rooting.

Seed method for indoor boxwood can be used, but it is used very rarely because of the duration of the subsequent rearing of plants until they reach the maximum decorative effect.

Maybe someone from the readers of “Botanichka” already grows boxwood in room conditions. We will be grateful if you share your experience in the comments to this article or on our Forum.

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