With the breeding of specialized breeds, chickens were divided into egg and meat crosses, and egg and meat breeds, which carry eggs with equal success, are also popular, while feeding good weight. One of the most popular egg breeds is white leggorn, and these are really good layers, however, the maternal instinct of this breed is almost completely atrophied. Leggorn become much less common with henchmen than, for example, Plymouths or Kuchinsky chickens. According to the villagers, the local mixed breeds, which themselves once hatched in the nest's nest, become remarkable chickens that chick out eggs.
If we consider the question of how much a chicken incubates eggs to a chicken, then the dates for all breeds are the same - these are standard three weeks. Dates can fluctuate within plus or minus a day, but this is an insignificant difference. The main thing is that the hen incurs all the trouble of raising young stock, it is she who leads the chickens, nursing them up to a certain age.
Benefits of a hen in a private farm
If the farm has a regular chicken harem with an active rooster and healthy chickens, then the hens may turn out to be two or three for an average chicken family. This is quite enough for the regular appearance of the young replenishment. However, it is not enough to calculate how many eggs chickens hatch, other indicators matter, namely mother's care, how many times a year she is ready to hatch young, how many eggs are placed under such hen and how large the culling is, whether there are crushed and cooled eggs. If the hen does not finish the job, throws the half-laid laying, then the next time it is better to simply drive it out of the nest - degrade it into simple layers.
Nevertheless, the hen is profitable - it completely replaces the incubator, it is inexpensive, but keeps the young with all possible vigilance, attracting the rooster to this noble mission. Also, the chicken is quite capable of incubating duck, turkey or goose eggs, you only need to adjust their number.
Losses of chickens in the farm, where chicks are behind them, are much less than in simply bought birds. The hen is able to discourage the chicken from the cat, the crows, bravely rushes at the dogs, ferrets and even hawks.
Care for hen chicken
In order to provide the hen better conditions and not to provoke her to throw a hatching, you need to properly care for her. Not all hens stand up from the nest to eat or drink, most are selflessly sitting on the ground to the bitter end. How many chickens hatch eggs? For three weeks on the starvation ration without water, even the bravest chicken will die. Therefore, a caring owner should provide the hen with high-calorie food, fresh water, as well as peace and quiet. Therefore, the nest for hatching should be in a shaded sheltered place.
The situation is complicated by the fact that the hen that is hungry or thirsty will be silent, like a partisan during interrogation, and the owner’s forgetfulness will result in cooled masonry at best - the defeated hen will throw the nest.
Miniature Japanese chickens, which, for their small size, are excellent hens, proved to be the most reasonable. They are able to quickly and quickly leave the nest to eat, and then return to the place before the irreparable happens to the eggs. Such chickens are stress-resistant, but capricious, they are difficult to seat on the nest chosen by the owner, they choose their own place to hatch.
Economic feasibility of the hen
If you count how many times a hen hatch eggs, then it turns out that even the most beautiful hen is capable of this feat a maximum of twice a year. Very rarely are chickens ready to sit on the nest more often. Therefore, one hen with good performance will give about 25-30 chickens. However, it will be supervised and trained chickens, the hen itself regulates their diet, teaches how to distinguish between edible and inedible, shows what objects should be feared.
It would be somewhat illiterate to reduce the definition of the economic feasibility of the hen to the question of how many days the hen hatch eggs. The hen helps to minimize losses among the young, and this is also beneficial.
How to force a chicken on eggs
Of course, it is not always possible to find a suitable chicken, so they use the following techniques. Take the nest, put in a dark place chicken coop. In the nest put the false eggs. After it is necessary to choose from the herd itself an adult layer that continues to lay eggs, or a bird that has already hatched chickens. Next, the selected individual must be put in the nest, it is covered with a lid for 4-5 days. The nest is opened 2 times a day for the bird to eat and drink. During this period, the bird should begin to cry, if this does not happen, then replace the chicken with another one and repeat this procedure again.
A chicken should be a healthy, sick and weak chicken will not be able to sit on eggs for a long time. Controls the presence or absence of various parasites on the skin and feather birds. For the prevention of used ash-sand baths, and the room before incubation of eggs is treated with various antiparasitic drugs. A hen hen needs to be well fed with a balanced feed. After preparation, the hen is planted on eggs. The best time for this is evening or night, so that the bird is subjected to less stress.
How to place nests in the hen house
Nest for chickens set in the far corner of the chicken coop in a dark place. The nest should be large enough so that the chicken does not crush the eggs, but also optimally so that the eggs do not roll out, but rather be under the body of the bird. The best size for the nest is 55 x 35 cm. The bottom of the nest is covered with sawdust with a recess in the middle of the nest so that the eggs are there. Gated nest. The entrance to the nest must be closed with a light cloth. Nests can be installed on the floor, but also hung at a certain height. This is done to prevent the theft of eggs from the nest when detecting rats in a hen house. If several chickens of their nests sit on the eggs, they should be located as far as possible from each other so that the birds do not confuse the nests and do not fight.
Conditions necessary for hatching eggs must be arranged in advance. After the chicken is planted on the eggs in the future you need to make a visual control over the condition of the chicken and eggs. If the chicken litter becomes contaminated, it must be changed during the period when the bird leaves for feeding. When the bird brought out the day-old chickens, they pull out the old bedding from the nest, wash the nest, disinfect it, dry it and can use it further.
How to choose eggs and place them under the hen
When the farmer has found a hen hen it is necessary to lay eggs under the chicken. The first step is the selection of hatching eggs, which must meet the following characteristics. If the hatching egg is produced at home, it should be noted that 1 rooster for 10-12 hens is necessary for egg hens. Chickens over 7 months old are suitable for hatching eggs. An egg must be between 0 and 6 days old. The temperature of egg storage is 15-20 ° C, with a humidity of 75%. Eggs with damage to the shell, defects, and also heavily polluted are not suitable. A medium-sized egg is suitable for incubation, since small and too large eggs will not be able to produce good daily young.
How to care for the hen chicken during the hatching of eggs
In the period when the chicken sits on the eggs, it is time for brooding. At this point, the chicken must be looked after. Exclude various stress factors so that the bird feels calm and safe and does not leave the nest. During the brooding period, the chicken will leave the nest to eat and drink water. Such moments need to be monitored. If the bird does not come out of the nest for a long time, you can gently pull it out to the feeder and briefly cover the entrance to the nest. At that moment when the bird leaves the nest, the eggs can be covered with a towel so that the eggs do not give off heat. On average, the bird leaves for 20-30 minutes. If it is absent for a long time, it is fraught with the fact that the eggs cool. Such moments must be monitored and the bird returned to the nest. During the birds' care, the eggs look for the presence of broken, dirty and crushed eggs. Next to the nest put inventory for feeding and watering.
Egg hatching time
With the natural breeding of birds, chicks hatch from eggs on the 21-23rd day. During this period, the hens do not leave the nest and hatch chicks in a calm atmosphere.
Experienced breeders recommend rarely approaching layers, arranging their homes for a while with containers for food and water.
Note! Chickens with developed maternal instinct do not leave the nest for drinking water and eating food. The owner of the house should take care of the hens and take the birds out of the nests in time.
From the 19th to the 23rd day, the farmer must control the process of release of the young. If the chicks do not appear for a long time and squeak loudly, they need to help, breaking off the shell from the spot biting.
When blood appears, the procedure for releasing the chicken should be stopped and allowed to get out on its own. After the last chick emerges from the brood, the hen leaves the nest.It should be remembered that the hen after hatching the first chicks can throw the remaining eggs. Therefore, chickens should be constantly monitored.
The further development of the released young animals consists in feeding and keeping them out of the reach of predatory animals. Chicken thanks to the innate maternal instinct to take care of the offspring on their own.