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Drying plums at home

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How to store prunes at home? Unlike other dried fruits, dried plum does not require any special treatment. She is interested only in low humidity, darkness and coolness. But still, some recommendations must be observed in order not to throw out the valuable product later in the trash.

Packaging and suitable location

Material containers or packaging absolutely does not matter. Prune itself is so fragrant that it is not afraid of extraneous odors. But other products can be soaked. No doubt, fragrant, juicy smell and lures. Here are just bread or buckwheat with prunes flavor not everyone's taste.

The only thing that will kill this magic smell is household chemicals. Therefore, even for a short time, do not leave the fruit in the same place near the detergent or dishwashing detergent.

It is recommended to pack a delicacy tightly. For example, a glass jar with a tight lid, a metal container with a screw-down or a ceramic pot with a silicone stopper.

  • plastic bag with zip-zip
  • wooden or birch bark box
  • cardboard box
  • canvas or linen bag

More durable materials are heat treated. They are poured over with boiling water and dried, of course, after washing thoroughly with hot water and baking soda.

Fragile materials are sprayed with strong saline and dried thoroughly. Then you can put prunes and remove for storage. Prepare a saline solution as follows:

  • 500 grams of rock salt is thoroughly dissolved in 1 liter of clean drinking water.
  • Iodized or extra does not fit categorically!
  • Properly soak the inside of the boxes and drawers.
  • Fabric bags can be soaked whole for 2 minutes, then dried thoroughly.

Large stocks of dried fruit can be stored in a specially designated pantry. Of course, if you have one. In this case, you can not wrestle over the packaging, but simply strung the fruit on a strong thread. Then you will only hang them like beads on the Christmas tree.

To avoid damage to the product, you need to quickly dip the thread with the fruit in a weak solution of salt or soda, then dry them thoroughly. Before use, it will remain only to thoroughly wash the prunes and you can eat.

Prepare the solution can be used on 1 liter of pure water 2 tbsp. l regular salt or 1 tbsp. l soda This treatment does not affect the taste of dried plums at all. But well protects against all kinds of mold bacteria.

All these dances with solutions and threads are not needed if you have a little dried fruit. But when you yourself have dried three buckets of plums, take a way to arm. Because in the refrigerator or on the shelf in the closet, such a quantity of drying simply does not fit.

Council This method is only suitable for those who are sure that no grain moth or omnipresent beetles will start, because the salt of these voracious comrades will not stop.

Fridge

Prunes are beautifully stored in the refrigerator. To do this, it is wrapped in aluminum food foil, then a few holes are made in the bundle with a toothpick or skewer. And placed on the shelf in the door of the refrigerator. There the most optimal temperature and adequate ventilation during opening.

Or choose a place on the shelf for vegetables. There is no such humidity as in the whole chamber.

If you need to keep prunes for a long time, then it is best to do it in the freezer. Fruits are packed tightly, otherwise everything will smell of prunes. Suitable food polyethylene or special plastic containers. And only after that clean. After defrosting, dried fruits do not lose their vitamin and nutritional value.

Council In order not to look at what is stuck in you, with a shrug of surprise, always sign convolutions with a permanent marker. Or put inside a piece of paper with the name of the content and the date of the bookmark.

Possible problems

Such dried fruits cannot be restored. But the slightly damp one can still be saved. They just need to dry a little in the oven or electric drier, and wash the container and wipe dry.

Council When buying, be sure to touch the dried plum with your fingers. If brown spots remain on them, a slippery sensation appears or moisture is felt, then refrain from acquiring. Such dried fruits will not be stored. They will quickly mold, turn around and squeal. When self-propelled prunes such problems usually do not exist.

Valuable advice

  1. Always be sure to dry the purchased dried fruit. As a rule, they are sold dried to gain weight due to excessive moisture. Remove them from the oven, and only after they cool down, remove them for storage. Condensation on the walls of containers from warm prunes can ruin all your efforts.
  2. Sometimes a grain moth or bug gets to your bookmarks. They don’t really like dried fruits, but, as they say, bezrybe ... To avoid this, with a large amount of prunes, add to the container on a sprig of dry peppermint or lemon balm. They will not give away the aroma of the fruits, but they will protect them from uninvited guests.
  3. Purchased dried plum is stored no more than 6 months, in the freezer no longer than 10 months. Cooked personally with proper packaging and proper storage conditions can perfectly lie up to 2 years.

How to store prunes at home? In compliance with all recommendations. And better buy small portions, but often and immediately use them for food. After all, how can you resist such taste and aroma?

How to choose a plum for drying

Such varieties as Hungarian, cherry plum, green leaf and Kyustendil plums are most often used for drying, but other varieties of plums can also be used.

Small fruits are dried whole, large to speed up the process is cut in half and cleaned of seed.

Regardless of the method of drying, the plums are first sorted, taking only strong ripe fruits without damage.

Next, they need to wash and remove the stem. It is necessary to choose fruits of approximately the same size so that they dry out evenly.

Prepared fruit can be dried in the oven, electric drier or in the sun.

Also on our website you can learn how to dry the dogwood.

See here how to make dogwood jam.

Dry plums in the oven

Before drying, whole fruits should be blanched for 1-2 minutes in boiling water, in which 2 teaspoons of soda were dissolved. Next, the plums are washed with cold water and get wet with a towel.

Blanching is carried out so that small cracks appear on the surface of the fruit, which are necessary for the evaporation of moisture. If the plums were cut in half before drying, then blanching is not necessary.

Drying plums in the oven is carried out in several stages at different temperatures. First, the oven warms up to 50 degrees, a baking tray with plums is placed in it for 5 hours, after which the same time the fruit should cool.

At the second stage, the oven warms up to 70 degrees, the inverted plums continue to dry also for 5 hours. Then the temperature rises to 75 degrees, at which the plums are brought to readiness.

Dry plums in electric drier

For drying in an electric dryer, the plums are blanched in the same way as for drying in the oven.

Fruits are laid out on a pallet in a single layer, if they are cut in half - cut up.

The drying process is carried out in 3 stages at different temperatures:

  • 3-4 hours at a temperature of 45-55 degrees
  • 3–6 hours at a temperature of 60 degrees,
  • 3–6 hours at a temperature of 75–80 degrees.

At each stage, pallets need to be swapped once an hour. At the end of each stage, the pallets must be removed from the dryer in order to cool the plums to room temperature within a few hours.

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How to dry plums in the sun

In a natural way, plums are dried on wooden sheets. Halves of pitted plums are placed on a sheet not too tightly, cut up so that the plums do not lose juice when drying.

In the sun, plums should be kept for 4–5 days, depending on the size of the fruit.

It is necessary to ensure that no flies or wasps sit on them, otherwise such a product may contain harmful bacteria.

At night, they should be brought into the room, and in the morning to make the air after the dew falls, otherwise the fruit will be damp.

In the process of drying, the plums are periodically turned over so that they dry on all sides evenly.

After drying in the sun, the plums are dried in the shade for another 3-4 days.

Determination of the quality of dried fruit

The readiness of dried fruit is determined by the following features:

  • when pressed, no cracks appear and no juice is released,
  • dried fruits should be firm and firm, but should not crumble when pressed,
  • fruits should not stick to hands.

Store dried plums should be in a well-ventilated area. Fabric bags, paper bags and boxes made of wood or cardboard will be suitable as a container.

Storage in glass jars is allowed, at the same time plums are poured with granulated sugar. Next to the dried fruit should not be placed products with a strong smell, because dried plums can absorb it.

Do not forget, read the article describing the use of plums.

Plum candy

You can make pastila from plums - a delicious and healthy dessert. The recipes for its preparation are quite varied, but they all boil down to the preparation of plum puree, which is dried in thin layers.

If desired, sugar can be replaced with honey, as well as add your favorite spices: cloves, cinnamon, etc.

Ripe plums must be washed, cleaned of stalks and seeds. Mashed potatoes for pastes can be cooked on the stove or in the oven.

In the first case, cast-iron or non-stick dishes are necessary, at the bottom of which water is poured 1 cm high and sliced ​​plums are poured.

The dishes are covered with a lid, the plums are cooked for 1 hour over low heat, you do not need to mix them.

Then the plum mass is removed from the heat and cooled.

The cooled plums are wiped through a sieve. Puree is boiled with the addition of sugar on a slow fire for 1 hour with continuous stirring.

In the second case, the finely chopped plums are placed in a heat-resistant dish and languished under a closed lid in the oven at medium temperature. After the appearance of the juice, sugar is added to them, the mass is mixed and returned to the oven. When the sugar is completely dissolved, the plums are cooled and rubbed through a sieve.

Finished puree laid out a thin layer on a baking sheet. To avoid burning, it is pre-lined with parchment paper. You should not make a layer of mashed potatoes too thin, otherwise the paste will tear when removed. Too thick mash will dry out poorly. The optimum thickness is 3–6 mm.

Ready sheets of marshmallow folded into tubes or cut into plates and stored in a cool dry place. Care must be taken to ensure that the pastila does not become damp during storage. If necessary, the drying procedure is repeated.

Regardless of the method of drying, properly prepared dried fruit can be stored for a long time. At the same time they retain all the beneficial properties of fresh plums.

How much to store dried plum

So if you purchased prunes on the market, the shelf life of dried fruit can vary from 6 to 12 months. If you dried the plums at home, the shelf life of prunes will be 1-2 years.

A suitable container for storing all dried fruits at home, and not just dried plums, are wooden boxes with openings through which a sufficient amount of air enters. You can also store dried plums in metal, plastic or glass tightly closed jars.

If you chose a wooden box for storing prunes, put the dried plum in a dry, cool, well-ventilated room. If, however, you have to store dried fruits in an airtight container, first wash the container thoroughly (together with the lid), then pour over boiling water and dry thoroughly. Next, transfer the dried plum into a container and close it with a tight lid. It is advisable to sign a container with prunes and specify the date of packaging and shelf life.

Store dried fruits at home in a ventilated and dry place.

If you do not use dried fruits every day, arrange a revision once a week and check if moisture has penetrated to the dried fruits. If you notice that the dried plum has become wet, remove the prunes and dry them. Once again, process the container and re-lay the prunes.

Store in prunes at home and in the refrigerator. To do this, put the dried fruits in zip-bags and place them in a storage box for fruits and vegetables. However, you can store prunes in the refrigerator compartment on the door. Above all, do not forget to leave the ventilation in the bag so that air can flow to the dried fruit.

If you have a lot of prunes or you use it very rarely, then in this case, the dried fruits can be frozen. To do this, arrange the dried plums in bags or containers and put in the freezer. As required, take out the dried fruit, thaw it at room temperature and use for its intended purpose.

What is useful prunes and who is recommended to use it?

It should be noted that prunes are famous for the fact that they include a lot of useful vitamins, fiber, potassium and iron.

So what is useful prunes:

  • Reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms is suppressed,
  • Relieves constipation
  • Promotes weight loss
  • The product eliminates diseases of the oral cavity,
  • It has a positive effect on the early stages of the development of cardiac pathologies,
  • Normalized blood pressure
  • Vision improves.

In this regard, the product is recommended for use for people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiac system and eye pathologies.

The benefits of dried prunes:

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How can you properly dry plums at home (in the oven, electric dryer, microwave and the sun)?

Question: "How to dry plums?"- is quite relevant. Plums, dried at home, for sure, like many. Besides the fact that such homemade prunes are very tasty, it is also incredibly useful, which cannot be said about prunes, which we can find in stores.

Even if you see prunes on a counter, full of health and glossy gloss, do not rush to buy it right away.

Better think about whether the manufacturer really dried ripe plums, or just processed them with all sorts of chemicals to give them shine and tint? Perhaps all this filth will get into your body if you eat such dried plums. At best, you just waiting for an upset stomach.

Do you need such consequences? Better to stock up on fresh ripe plums and make prunes yourself. So you will be sure that you use a really high-quality and useful product. And by the way, dried plum brings great benefits! Let's look at this in more detail?

So, in order for your dried fruits to be extremely tasty and healthy, plums should be chosen only ripe, intact and not rotten. Of the varieties are best suited such as cherry plum, Hungarian and green leaf, but if you do not have the opportunity to find these varieties, you can dry any other.

Carefully inspect selected plums. Do not immediately buy those that shine in the sun and beckon you with its rich color. There is a great possibility that there are too many pesticides in such plums, and they definitely will not bring any benefit to your health. It is best to take the plums that were grown personally by you or by trusted people.

How to dry?

After we have chosen beautiful and healthy plums, we can start drying at home.

To properly dry the plums, they need to be prepared: wash the fruits thoroughly and allow them to dry, or wipe them with a paper napkin. Remove bones as desired.

Prunes are more pleasant to eat when there are no bones in it, but if you dry the plum with the bone, its composition will become a little healthier, thanks to the substances in the bone.

There are many ways in which you can properly dry the plum at home and make excellent prunes, we will tell you about the most effective and popular.

In order to properly dry the plums in the oven, you should first lower them into boiling water for a couple of minutes, in which you will first need to add two teaspoons of soda. После того как на кожуре появятся небольшие трещинки, можно извлекать сливы и кипятка, промывать холодной водой и вытирать бумажным полотенцем.

Если перед тем как сушить сливы, вы разрезали их пополам или вынимали косточку, то опускать их в кипяток не нужно.

Теперь приступаем к сушке: она будет проводиться в три этапа. На первом этапе духовку следует разогреть до температуры в 50 градусов и отправить туда сливы на пять часов. After this time, the plums must be removed and allowed to cool to room temperature.

Now we can move on to the second stage. We preheat the oven to 70 degrees, the plums should be turned to the other side and dried as much as in the first stage. After five hours, the fruit must be removed and allowed to cool again.

At the third stage, the oven should be heated to a temperature of 75 degrees and, turning over the plums again, dry them until ready. If you make prunes this way, it will turn out incredibly tasty.

In order to properly dry the plums using an electric dryer (or as many call it, a fruit dryer) at home, you need to dip the fruit for a few minutes in boiling water, then wash them and wipe them with a paper towel. Then open the dryer and lay the plums on a special tray. In the event that you cut the plums, they should be put cut up.

Now we can start drying. It will take place in three stages, in the same way as in the previous recipe. First you need to set the temperature to 50 degrees and dry plums for 4 hours. Then remove the pan so that the plums can cool to room temperature.

At the second stage, the temperature should be set at 60 degrees and the plums should be dried for 5-6 hours. At the end of the stage, also remove the pan and allow the fruit to cool.

The last stage will take 5-6 hours, and it will be necessary to dry the plums at a temperature of 75 or 80 degrees. After that, ready prunes will need to be cooled and it will become ready for use.

Another method of drying plums can be considered as drying the prunes in a natural way: that is, in the sun. Dried fruits in this way will be rich in solar energy and will practically not lose the beneficial properties of fresh plums.

To properly dry the plums in the sun, you need to wash them thoroughly, get rid of the seeds, cut the fruit in half and lay the peel down so that the plums don't lose their juice. Drying time of fruit in this way is 4-5 days. At this time, you should carefully monitor the plums, so they were not eaten by wasps or flies. It is best to build something like a greenhouse, only instead of oilcloth to use gauze.

At night, the plums should be brought into the room, and carried out to the street only after the dew has come down, otherwise the fruit will not dry out well.

After you have dried the plums in the sun for 4 days, turning them over daily, then you should dry them in the shade for another 3 days.

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