Author: Listieva Lily September 22, 2016 Category: Garden Plants
Tulips - one of the most beautiful spring flowers, and there is hardly any garden in which tulips do not bloom in spring. It should be noted that, in addition to decorative qualities, these flowers have another advantage - unpretentiousness. Fuss with them a bit, but the result always justifies the effort. But, like every plant, tulips have their own growing conditions. For example, tulip bulbs are better planted in open ground in mid-autumn, before winter. Autumn planting of tulips is a responsible matter, because the attractiveness of your spring flower bed depends on how successfully it passes. Therefore, going to plant tulips in the fall, think over in advance and prepare the whole process to the smallest detail.
Terms of planting tulips.
To root the bulbs in the ground, you need at least four weeks, and if the tulips are planted late, the bulbs may not have time to grow roots before the frost, and in the spring your tulips will be late with flowering or will not bloom at all. In any case, late plants planted in the ground will be weaker and more susceptible to disease. What month to plant tulips? The optimal time for planting tulips is the time period from the end of September to the end of October. However, both climatic and weather conditions in September can vary greatly in different regions, therefore, it is better to determine the time of planting tulips not according to the calendar, but according to the state of the soil and the weather. It is possible to plant tulip bulbs into the garden when the soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm is not higher and not lower than 7-8 ºC - at lower or higher temperatures it may be difficult to root the bulbs.
When to plant tulips in the fall in the suburbs.
To meet the winter in the ground tulip bulbs should have a well-developed root system, but it should not be allowed to form, the bulbs continued to grow and began to grow leaves. Therefore, the answer to the question "When to plant tulips in the suburbs?" important for all gardeners in central Russia. Rooting of bulbs occurs at a temperature of 7-10 ºC, provided that at night it will be no colder than 3 ºC. Typically, this temperature in the Moscow region is kept from the third decade of September to mid-October, so tulips are planted in the fall in the Moscow region approximately at these times, unless, of course, the weather suddenly interferes with your plans.
When to plant tulips in the fall in Siberia.
In Siberia, the conditions for growing flowers are much more severe than even in the Urals, but, nevertheless, tulips are growing in this region with frosty winters. In which month is tulips planted in the fall in Siberia? Frosts in these places come early, therefore tulip planting in August - in its last decade - is considered to be quite reasonable. And if autumn does not collapse from the first days of September, then it is possible to plant the bulbs until the middle of the first autumn month.
Soil for tulips.
Before planting tulips, prepare for them a sunny, windproof area with a low groundwater level and loose neutral or slightly alkaline soil, preferably sandy. Heavy clay soils diluted with sand.
Sour soil before planting the bulbs need to lime - make 200-500 g of chalk or hydrated lime per m² area, depending on the level of soil acidity. It is advisable to dig a lot of land on the plot, adding 100-150 g of wood ash, 2 buckets of peat (humus of two or three years aging or compost), 50 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate and 25 g of ammonium nitrate to each m². But do not use fresh manure as a fertilizer or for the subsequent mulching of the site, as this can lead to burning of the roots and fungal diseases. Do not also apply mineral fertilizers containing chlorine to the tulip area.
At what depth to plant tulips.
To properly place the tulip bulbs in the ground, you need to follow this rule: the depth of planting is equal to three bulb diameters. That is, small bulbs are immersed to a depth of 7-8 cm, and large ones - by 12-15 cm. But when planting, the composition of the soil should be taken into account: on light soils, the bulbs are planted 2-3 cm deeper than normal, and on heavy soils - by 2- 3 cm smaller. If they are too deep, the onions almost do not form babies, and if they are too shallow, they can suffer from frost.
Tulip bulbs should be carefully examined, discarded damaged and diseased and selected dense onion-free bulbs for planting. For the purpose of prophylaxis, just before planting in the ground, hold the bulbs for half an hour in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. If autumn is dry, spill holes or furrow before planting water.
We are often asked how beautiful it is to plant tulips on the site. Everyone has their own idea of beauty, so you can decide whether to plant tulips along garden paths, islets on the lawn or in a mixed flowerbed next to other spring flowers - muscari, spring trees, hyacinths, crocuses and irises. Arrange the bulbs in a row at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other with between rows of at least 20-25 cm wide - on average, up to 50 large bulbs can be planted on one m². When planting, powder the bulb with wood ash, place it in the hole or furrow and make sure that there is no air pocket under the bulb tip - lightly press the bulb into the soil, then sprinkle sand from all sides and then a mixture of peat and humus. After planting, tamp the surface and pour it.
If you group tulips by grade, you will make it easier for you to take care of them. Small onions planted closer to the south, so that the flowers grown from large bulbs do not block them from the sun.
Care for tulips in the fall.
You don’t have to take care of the bulbs this year, unless in the case of an abnormally dry autumn you have to water the tulips, and when the temperature is below-zero and the soil freezes to a depth of 4-5 cm, you will need to cover the tulips with a mulch material - peat, crushed bark or straw 3-5 cm thick. In the middle zone this occurs in November, and in Siberia frosty days can be expected at the end of September.
How to store tulips before planting in the fall
Keep dug bulbs need to be clean, freed from the soil, excess roots and leaves. Put the dug onions in one layer in a box or box and keep them in the open air in the shade until they dry out - it is easier to clean off the ground, leaves and dead scales from dry bulbs. Before putting it in storage, pickle the bulbs in a pink solution of potassium permanganate - this is how the plants will get the manganese necessary for future flowers, and at the same time protection from diseases and pests. The bulbs are stored in a wooden box with sawdust, absorbing excess moisture, and each bulb is preferably wrapped in a piece of paper. The box is placed in a dry, cool room with good ventilation and air temperature no higher than 25 ºC. Closer to autumn, the temperature is lowered to 20 ºC, and then to 15 ºC.
Planting tulips in the fall at the most appropriate time
If you want to have gorgeous tulips on your site in the spring, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic rules of planting bulbs. Planted tulips, which bloom in the spring, you need in the fall. Thus, they will have time to increase the roots to the arrival of cold weather.Planting tulips in the fall
When to plant tulips?
From when you plant tulips, depends on their quality and quantity. Difficulties are that depending on weather conditions, the terms may be different. As a rule, landing is carried out from mid-September to mid-October. You can land at different times:
- 6 weeks before the ground freezes,
- after the earth's temperature is less than 15 ° C.
- after the first serious freeze.
You can also focus on the timing of the appearance of bulbs on sale and begin planting in 1-2 months.
Many flower growers prefer to plant these flowers and any other bulbous on the growing moon. Their experience suggests that the bulbs planted during this period are becoming larger. If you do this on a decreasing moon, the planting material will shrink.
How to buy quality tulip bulbs?
Before you buy bulbs, they must be well inspected. If you plan to plant them in open ground, prefer specimens with a diameter of 3-4 cm. Large bulbs are suitable for forcing the house. It is unacceptable that they have cracks and stains. You need to acquire only dry, heavy and strong onions. This planting material is healthy and perfect for planting. It is worth considering that even one sore bulb can be contagious for everyone else.Before you buy bulbs, they must be well inspected.
It is desirable that the landing material had brown scales, which protects them from damage. As for the shell, it should be whole, but thin. If the scales are dense, this is a sign that the digging time has been tightened. It can also slow down germination. On the surface of the planting material should not be mold. It is permissible that the stem germ was seen, but it should not grow. If the bulb quality, its bottom will be dense with tubercles of the roots.
Important! Do not plant those specimens that have a soft bottom or growing roots.
Preparation of bulbs for planting
Before planting the bulbs are to be treated. Such an event will help protect against many ailments. A weak potassium permanganate solution is suitable as a disinfectant fluid. Dip the planting material in it for half an hour.Before planting the bulbs are subject to dressing
Site selection and soil preparation
Special attention will have to be paid to the selection of the site It is important that it is well lit. If you plant it in a shaded place, the flowers will grow deformed with poorly colored buds.Special attention will have to be paid to the choice of the site
By themselves, tulips do not tolerate stagnation of water in the ground, so they must be planted on a flat plot without holes. These flowers are resistant to cold and strong wind. If we talk about the quality of the soil, it must have a neutral pH. If it is too acidified, they will begin to form blind buds. To prepare the soil for flowers need for 1-2 months. It must be dug up to a depth of 30 cm and fertilized into it. Which fertilizer to use depends on what qualities the soil has. If it is infertile, it needs to be nourished with fertilizers for the bulbous, which include the appropriate components.
You can also prepare the soil yourself. On 1 square. m. land need to take:
- rotted manure or compost (2 buckets),
- wood ash (1 cup),
- dolomite flour (0.5 kg),
- double superphosphate (50 g),
- potassium sulfate (30 g),
- ammonium nitrate (25 g). Add this component to the composition before landing.
Planting tulips in the ground
How deeply to lay the bulbs, depends on their size. If they are large, they should be planted to a depth of 12-14 cm, small specimens deepen by 6-8 cm. It is unacceptable to deepen by more than 15 cm.How deep to plant bulbs, depends on their size
If you have doubts about when to plant tulips, you can use the "three heights" rule. Its principle is that the depth of planting should be equal to the triple height of the bulb. The distance between planting depends on which tulips you want to receive. If your goal is to grow lush curtains, planting material should be positioned closely (distance 8-10 cm). If there is a place, you can plant flowers at a distance of 10-20 cm from each other.
Council Grow bulbs in varieties. This way you will be able to facilitate their sorting at the time of digging. Varieties with small onions need to be planted on the south side of the flower beds. If you do not take into account this recommendation, they will be shaded by tall plants.
You still have time to plant tulips. Study all the information and get down to business. Next year you can admire the beauty of these luxurious flowers.
Video about planting tulips in the fall
From what time and how to plant tulips in the fall, depends largely on their attractiveness, health and proper development in the spring. If you responsibly treat planting bulbs, then the tulips are sure to thank you beautiful flowering. Just do not forget to care for the tulips during the whole growing season, so that by next autumn you can grow wonderful planting material of high quality.