General information

What is the average weight and maximum turkey

To keep turkeys is not difficult and profitable enough: dietary meat is always in price, and the weight of the carcass is more than, for example, in chicken and even in goose. About the weight of the turkey and tell you in this article: what it depends on and for what reasons the bird does not gain the desired mass.

What determines the weight

Let's consider the reasons that can affect the weight of the bird:

  • sex - females usually weigh about five kilograms less than males,
  • breed - birds differ in size, body structure,
  • Age - ideal for getting meat is considered the age of 5-6 months. At this time, a maximum in the set is reached, it is believed that there will not be a greater percentage of meat gain in poultry,
  • diet - there should be a clear balance of minerals, vitamins, enough calories, water is always available,
  • diet mode - you need to feed the bird at the same time (babies more often, less teens),
  • health condition - a healthy chick grows faster,
  • care and conditions of detention.

General growth rates by months

For clarity, the average data is shown in the table:

As we can see from the table, the increase is uneven:

  • First, the baby intensively increases the weight,
  • the peak of growth is in the interval from two to four months,
  • after sixteen weeks the increase stops, although the bird continues to gain weight,
  • after six months of age, growth is usually not observed.

How to determine weight

Modern farmers use electronic scales, they are more accurate in indications and convenient to use.

It is not difficult to apply a spring device. The chick should be placed in a special bag with holes for the head and paws or a box in which the bird is upside down.

If you need to weigh a group of birds, apply decimal scales, on which you can arrange a cage with the desired number of individuals.

VIDEO: HOW TO WEIGHT THE TURKEY

White wide breasted

Relatively young breed, obtained by crossing white Dutch and bronze wide-breasted turkeys. The main advantage is adaptation to any climate conditions.

The breed is divided into three species, individuals of which (females / males) have a different weight:

  • light - 5kg / 9kg,
  • medium - 7kg / 15-17 kg,
  • heavy - 11 kg / 23-26 kg.

Bronze standard

One of the most sought after varieties in farms. The main advantage is that turkeys are excellent hens, hatching even alien offspring. The breed is of medium size, however, is in demand from farmers. Females weigh from 4.5 kg to 6 kg, males - 7-10 kg.

Black Tikhoretskaya

Black Tikhoretskaya - the result of the work of breeders of the Krasnodar Territory, is intended for slaughter for meat. Middle breed, weight of females - up to 6 kg, males - up to 10 kg. Growth ends at about five months of age.

What are the largest turkeys

Broiler turkeys are characterized by rapid growth and large mass, the list of the largest of them:

  • Canadian wide-breasted - 15-17 / 30 kg,
  • Cross Big-6 - 12/30 kg,
  • White wide-breasted - 10/25 kg,
  • BJT-9 - 11/26 kg,
  • Cross Big-9 - 11/22 kg,
  • Grade maker - 10/20 kg.
  • North Caucasian White - 9/18 kg.

Why don't turkeys gain weight

The main reasons for the lack of body weight can be:

To find out whether the bird is healthy, you need to contact the appropriate specialist. Often, birds refuse to eat, feeling unwell.

VIDEO: TIPS ON FEEDING TURKEYSBirds can develop poorly due to inappropriate conditions:

  • too close dark house
  • humidity, cold, the presence of drafts,
  • lack of walking,
  • lack of fresh water
  • dirt in the place of residence.
As for nutrition, in no case should such products be given to the chicks:

  • fiber,
  • animal feed of poor quality,
  • stale food (mash is prepared 15 minutes before meals),
  • grain as a whole.

How to feed poults to grow well and gain weight

On the first day of life, babies are fed dairy products:

  • cottage cheese,
  • buttermilk,
  • powdered milk,
  • sour milk.
The second day - boiled eggs mixed with any small porridge (corn, wheat, oatmeal) in the ratio of one to four.

3-10th day (products as a percentage):

  • wheat flour - 60%,
  • crushed corn kernels - 10%,
  • chopped fresh greens - 10%,
  • cottage cheese - 8%
  • wheat bran, boiled eggs - 10%,
  • ground into dust chalk, shells - 2%.
Of these components are usually kneaded wet mixture for 10-15 minutes before a meal. Greens (onions, nettles, alfalfa) and a mixture of other ingredients of the mash are placed in equal shares. After 10 days of age:
  • corn flour - 30%,
  • crushed oats - 30%,
  • wheat bran - 20%,
  • curd cheese - 16%,
  • bone meal and limestone - 1-2%,
  • salt - 0.5%.
The blender is prepared with the addition of sour milk or milk, you can add a boiled egg. During this period (from birth to one month) the number of feedings is 8-9 times. Starting from one month of age, feeding is reduced to six times, from two months to four.

Nutrition adolescents should also be different calorie and the balance of vitamins and minerals, in the summer during walking the young will supplement the diet with fresh grass.

In outline

The mass of a turkey is curled by three main criteria:

It is no secret that males are always heavier than females by 5-7 kg. The final weight of the bird depends on the breed.

The largest turkey

Farmers distinguish three types:

The largest mass of an adult turkey reaches 35 kilograms. But to grow such a bird at home is quite difficult. For the maintenance and cultivation use special conditions in poultry farms.

Turkeys in a factory

An adult small breed turkey weighs no more than seven kilograms. The weight of the female is 4-4.5 kg. Individuals of medium breed are very popular. By 12 months, the male bird reaches 9 kg, the female - 6 kg. Representatives of the masculine wide-chested breed grow to 12 kg, turkeys - up to 7 kg.

Turkey closeup

By age

Of course, the above figures are very approximate. These are average indicators inherent in this or that breed of turkeys. Farmers claim that the optimum weight of a turkey-dozer is 12 kilograms in adulthood. To achieve such numbers it is necessary to track their weight from the first days of keeping birds. So, a chick at the age of 1 month should weigh 1300 grams. If the turkey is observed from the first appearance of the shell, then at the age of the day its weight should be 50 grams. For the first week, this figure increases by 4-5 times. That is, by the end of the first week of life, the weight of the turkey should reach 200-250 grams.

Large breed turkey

From the second week of life, each young turkey should weigh 40 grams daily. At the end of 1 month of life, the daily increase should increase to 55-75 grams per day. At 2 months a healthy large turkey must weigh at least 5 kg. In order for the weight to increase steadily, the daily feed volume should be 300 grams with a subsequent increase.

The most intensive gain in weight of a bird of wide-chested breed is 3 months old. During this period, the mass doubles and reaches 10 kg. In order for the weight to increase and remain stable, the bird must eat at least 400 grams of feed every day. Some species of rocks on the 3 months of life go to the slaughter. A 10-pound turkey is well suited to consumer needs.

Small and medium breeds

If, at the age of 3 months, a turkey weighs from 3.5 to 4.5 kg, then he will gain 500 grams weekly. So by 4 months the weight of the bird should range from 4.5 to 5.5 kg. To achieve these indicators it is important to observe the diet. Birds need to be fed daily at the same time. Only if this rule is observed, the birds will actively gain weight.

At the age of 5 months, medium and small breeds of turkeys reach 4.5-6.5 kg in weight. For small turkeys, the maximum mass can not be more than 7 kg. This means that for more than 6 months to keep them does not make sense. The bird will gain fat, and the meat will gain rigidity. Therefore, to achieve the maximum mass, small breed turkeys go for slaughter.

At the age of 6 months, an individual of an average breed reaches a mass of 6-8 kg. With the right diet and regular, hourly food intake, the maximum mass of an average turkey breed will reach 9-12 kg, turkeys - 7-9 kg. Usually, turkeys do not hold longer than 7 months. The exception is females, which are required for hatching eggs. Such individuals are kept from 8 to 12 months.

Secrets of success

To keep turkeys truly profitable, it is important to follow basic guidelines for the care and feeding of birds.

  • Food should be varied and complete.
  • Regular walking in sufficient territory.
  • The presence in the diet of fresh herbs, enriched with vitamins.
  • The feed should contain shells or limestone as a source of minerals.

Experienced farmers recommend to get turkeys weighing 12 kg by the middle of winter, to take daily turkey poults in early to mid spring. If the active growth of the bird falls on the autumn-winter period, the owner needs to take care of harvesting brooms from birch, linden, branches of fruit trees. An excellent remedy for many diseases - finely chopped needles. You can add this ingredient from 1 month of life of poults, starting with a small portion, gradually increasing the amount of needles in food.

One of the most important components of the nutrition of turkeys, is the mineral component. The shells and limestone will allow the bird to build a strong bone system. You can start adding mineral components to the food of birds from a month old pet.

An increase in the mass of turkeys depends not only on the frequency of eating and the amount of food, but also on the number of feed intakes. In order not to delay the growth rate, in the first month the birds should be fed 6 times a day, evenly distributing all meals during the day. From the second month of life, turkey poults need to be fed 4 times a day. Also evenly distributing breaks between meals.

At the end

Breeding turkeys is an excellent, profitable occupation that any beginner farmer can do. Answering the main question of poultry farmers about the mass of turkeys, experts say that the maximum weight that a bird can reach at home is 12-13 kg. The minimum mass of small breed - 7 kg. If the mass is below this value in adulthood, this indicates improper feeding and keeping of the bird.

Weight of turkey poults weekly

  • 1 phase (0-4) - the maximum activity of growth of turkey poults,
  • 2 phase (5-8) - the growth rate is lower than at the previous stage, but significant,
  • 3 phase (9-20) - decrease in weight gain is observed,
  • 4 phase (21-26) - due to puberty, the growth rate increases,
  • Phase 5 (27-30) - puberty is completed, turkeys almost do not gain weight.

How much does a home turkey weigh

From the above characteristics of the growth phases, it follows that the most critical first four weeks. Experiments of the North-Caucasian scientists have shown that in the first week the turkey feed is mainly due to residual yolk, this fact characterizes turkeys more “thrifty” relative to other birds.

The daily weight gain of turkey poults is 47-53 g., Depending on the growth phase, the number varies.

Daily chick weighs about 50 g, it should be fed at least 8 times a day.

For several days, the chicks increase the weight by 100-200 g. Proper feeding in the first week of life (20 grams of food a day) and regular weighing are very important.

During the second week, the chick adds up to 40 g, the need for food doubles. In a month he needs at least 120 g of feed per day.

Monthly turkey poults recruit on 55 g per day. It is desirable for a month to increase the diet 3 times.

How much does a turkey weigh in 1 month? Daily increase for 21 days - 75 grams. So, in 1 month a turkey weighs 2 kg. At 7 weeks turkey weighs 4 kg. The daily increase increases by 70-80 g.

How much should a turkey weigh in 2 months? In the second month of life, a healthy individual weighs 5 kg. Daily turkey requires more than 300 g of feed.

For the third month the bird adds 5 kg. Further daily increment is 90 g.

The weight of a half-year-old turkey reaches its maximum mark (representatives of some breeds go to slaughter earlier), the bird consumes 700 g daily of feed.

Thus, the weight of an adult turkey, on average, is from 9-17 kg (males) and from 5-11 kg (females).

How much does an adult turkey weigh, and on what does body weight depend:

  • Sex - females usually weigh 5 kg less than males,
  • Breed - turkeys differ in size and body structure,
  • Age - in 5-6 months, there is a maximum weight,
  • Diet - the balance of minerals, vitamins and calories is important,
  • Diet - you need to feed every day at the same time (babies more often, less teens),
  • Health status - healthy individuals grow more actively,
  • Care and conditions of detention.

How much does an adult turkey weigh

So how much should a turkey weigh?

Weight of turkeys by month table

Feeding poults, types of feed

Newborn chicks have uncured beaks. They need fresh water and chopped boiled eggs with greens, you can add cottage cheese, fish oil, small bran wheat bran to food. Up to ten days of age, chicks are fed 8-10 times per day, then gradually increase the interval between feedings and portions. Thus, the monthly birds are fed 6 times a day, two-month-old - 4.

Vitamin and mineral feed

Vitamins are needed to strengthen the immune system. With a deficiency of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins, young birds of an agricultural breed slowly grow. Their sources are yeast, fresh greens.

Vitamin and mineral foods affect the following parameters:

  • Strengthening immunity
  • Provide daily need for food supplements,
  • Promote harmonious plumage
  • Normalize growth and development.

To make poults gain weight, the following conditions are important:

  • food must be balanced in energy and protein
  • soft bedding to prevent injury to the beaks,
  • the presence of warm fresh water
  • the first meal no later than 12 hours after the appearance,
  • feeding frequency - every 3 hours
  • mandatory addition to the diet of fresh chopped greens.

Mandatory addition to the diet of fresh chopped greens

Weight of poults by day table

* After 4.5 months, the weight of the turkeys, as a rule, does not change.

Why a turkey is not gaining weight

Poults grow badly what to do? Compared to adult birds, turkeys are sensitive to housing conditions. You should monitor the cleanliness of the room, as well as eliminate sources of drafts.

A particularly dangerous symptom for turkey poults is diarrhea. It can provoke developmental abnormalities and even death. Do not accustom chicks to adult food, it can cause indigestion. Feed must be fresh, clean, and free from mold. Wet mash bags should be prepared immediately before feeding, as sour food can cause diarrhea.

Also the reasons why turkey poults grow poorly can be diseases: mycoplasmosis, coccidosis, conjunctivitis, sinusitis, inflammation of the goiter, etc.

Important! For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to regularly change litter, use disinfectant solutions (creolin, potassium permanganate solution, formalin), disinfect the inventory and care products.

How to feed daily turkey poults

On the first day after birth, warm filtered water must be in the cage. The first 10 days of turkey poults are fed 8-9 times a day. Then go to a six-fold feeding. Chicks have poor eyesight, so good lighting is important. Newborn chicks have soft beaks, it is better to put fodder on a rag or cardboard.

After hatching, chicks are fed with the following products:

  1. Cooked in a steep and chopped egg. In the early days, you can add a little cereal (oatmeal or millet),
  2. Fresh cottage cheese,
  3. Carrot,
  4. Fresh sour milk,
  5. From 4 days it is necessary to add chalk or bone meal to the feed.
  6. Starting from 2 days, fresh herbs can be added to the mash (dandelion, plantain, onion, etc.).
  7. With 10 days in the diet, add sunflower meal and a little salt.

Representatives

The main feature of turkeys is the rapid growth of muscle mass. The exact weight of an adult individual depends on the sex, breed and conditions of the birds. The most cost-effective are the broiler turkeys. Heavy breeds are the most requested (wide-chested broiler).

Canadian broiler wide-bred breed

Bird Characteristic

The turkey has a pronounced appearance. Here are some of the main exterior characteristics of the poultry squad.

  • skin growth over the beak or coral,
  • slender posture,
  • short but strong wings
  • small, fan tail,
  • legs - high, strong red color,
  • there are no feathers on the neck and head.

Despite the clumsiness and great mass, turkeys are good flyers.

Appearance or how male and female looks

Sexual signs of turkey poults can be determined at the age of one day. In males, the edge of the wings has an even outline of feathers, since their length is the same. But this method is good, while the chicks are small. With age, this symptom disappears. Then you can distinguish between a boy and a girl from 2 months.

  1. Males gain more weight, they are almost 2 times heavier than females.
  2. The head of a turkey is completely devoid of feathers., turkeys have a light edge.
  3. Nasal wart large and elastic in malesThe comb is also saturated in color. The more mature the bird, the brighter the sexual difference becomes.
  4. Feathers on the male breast are tougher and coarse with brushes, and the tail is flat, fluffy and dense. Пух индюшек настолько мягок, что используется для набивки подушек.
  5. Еще одна из характерных черт индюков – наличие шпор, and at 5 months with puberty, iron appears on the neck, hard as a wart.

In America, sex differences are carried out on the study of the faeces of birds. Turkey litter is a flat hill and is abundant, in males it is more dense and uneven.

How rush

Egg production depends on many factors, such as age, physical condition, content. The most peak period is considered in young laying hens at 1 year, after from the 2nd year the volumes are reduced by 30-40%. Farmers for laying eggs usually choose the most healthy individuals in the one and a half year old.

Laying off the offspring begins in March-April, so by the spring it will be determined with the specimens at the age of 7-9 months.

Weight indicators

It is difficult to accurately determine the weight of the bird, depending on the care, genetic factors and gender characteristics vary greatly. By weight, turkeys vary quite strongly and vary from 9 to 30-35 kg, experts divide them into 3 classes:

With this, turkeys reach no more than 10-15 kg, and turkeys - much larger and more intense in weight gain.

The benefits of its content

Before acquiring birds, it is necessary to understand the quantitative indicators and profitability of the enterprise.

The maximum egg production peak is reached in spring and autumn, during this period the number of eggs can be from 80 to 100. But the period itself is quite short from 2 to 4 weeks, depending on the breed. At the same time, we note that turkeys are excellent hens, especially in spring. At this time, the eggs are left in the nests for incubation in a natural way. As a rule, the amount varies from 11 to 18 pieces, weight - about 60 grams.

Self incubation takes about 1 month.

Some farmers place goose and duck eggs in laying for laying.

Due to the fact that the turkeys have a well-developed chest, a lot of slaughter is obtained, up to 60-70% of the weight of the carcass of dietary meat. Depending on the size of the farm, there are several ways to keep turkeys:

  1. Extensive. Popular in the southern latitudes, as in the north, due to weather conditions, production is similarly difficult. Turkeys most of the time are in an open aviary, which increases immunity and reduces% of marriage.
  2. Cellular. Multi-level house is suitable for light and medium cross. At the same time the room is prepared more carefully, a permanent system of ventilation and heating is created.
  3. Floor. Ideal for heavyweights and very similar to the cellular content, but at the same time as the fences use high partitions. Divided into families, by age and gender.

In the article on the link you will read about the proper cutting of turkey.

As can be seen from the above, each method has its own nuances and affects the taste, density and quantity of meat. The second and third are preferable if you need the fastest weight gain to the detriment of its quality. Since with such methods turkeys grow fat faster and the carcass is not as fragrant as with extensive breeding.

High dilution profitability

Cell breeding is beneficial for breeding birds for insemination. At the same time the place is spent minimally, and the profit is many times more than with free grazing.

Also, mass breeding allows you to classify the bird by age, health. Thus, groups of laying hens, young animals, and those who have approached a bird's hairpin by age are distinguished. With this method, the supply of meat practically does not occur intermittently, so farmers try to engage in wholesale turkey breeding at once.

In more detail about business on turkeys read in this article.

How many eggs per year

In total, during the year a turkey can carry about 160-200 eggs, depending on the breed and conditions, up to 80 cases have been recorded, but they rarely happen. For one laying, the female produces 10-20 pieces, each weighing 60-70 grams.

For the further continuation of egg-laying, the first egg is returned to the hen to the hen, thereby reducing the stress state of the bird.

Also, turkey eggs are eaten, the benefits of which can be found here.

Productivity and breeds

Turkey meat is highly valued for its high protein content, these indicators are much higher than in chicken or duck, as well as for its rich vitamin and mineral composition. The approximate final yield of the net product is 60% of the total weight of the carcass. Therefore, most often in the face go birds up to 5 months who have not had time to become fat. For more information about the benefits and harm of turkey meat described in this link.

Weight at killing varies depending on gender: males - from 7 to 10 kg, females 3-6 kg.

When breeding broiler breeds of turkeys, for example, Canadian or cross Hidon, or breed BIG-6, birds are ready for slaughter as early as 3 months and are unpretentious in food and care. But with further breeding, the egg production of representatives is 200 eggs per year. This is a very good indicator for crosses, especially in each laying from 4 to 6 eggs are fertilized. Allocate a few more of the most popular egg varieties.

  1. Virgin or Dutch. The weight of a small turkey is 4-5 kg, while at the same time it is able to produce up to 120-130 eggs. Prefers free grazing.
  2. Bronze. Very similar to the previous species, but has a characteristic color: a bronze strip along the ridge, and the neck and chest have black plumage. Females are twice as light as males and weigh up to 10 kg. Their egg production is 100 eggs per year. Among the varieties distinguish Bronze-708 and Bronze North Caucasus.
  3. White Moscow It is similar to the BIG-6 cross and has a black spot in the middle of the white chest. But in the dimensions of turkey compacts, only 8 kg, males reach 18-19 kg. The variety is unpretentious and easily adapts to abrupt changes in climates. The maximum annual clutch is fixed at 140 eggs.
  4. Tikhoretskaya black. Capacity - 100 eggs per year, belongs to the light category of turkeys, weighing up to 5 kg. Differs in the increased maternal instinct in comparison with other breeds.

Meat breeds are subspecies or crosses of turkeys crossed as a result of selection, they reach maximum sizes in the shortest possible juices. On average, the bird is ready for slaughter as early as 4–5 months, but the Cross Hidon, for example, reaches 9–10 kg by 3 months. Further half a year to keep the heavyweights impractical, since there is a large load due to the weight on the backbone. The latter begins to deform and unnecessary poultry diseases arise.

The largest breeds of turkeys are presented in this material.

Of the popular ones, one can also single out a wide-chested white with a convex chest. This is a relatively new breed, bred in the XX century, in America. Their weight reaches 22 kg with high levels of productivity and unpretentious content. Also in private farms there are breeds Victoria and Grade Maker.

Hybrid Converter is distinguished by the highest ratio of meat produced and feathery weight. So% after slaughter is 85. The early maturity of the breed, unpretentiousness in content and remarkable adaptive abilities are also noted.

Content

The quality of meat, the growth rate and the health of the livestock directly depend on the proper maintenance and care. Depending on the breeding method chosen, buildings for birds are settled. There are a number of features characteristic of all types of buildings:

  • obligatory observance of temperature, not below + 10˚С,
  • light day should be 10-12 hourstherefore equip the room with fluorescent lamps,
  • the floor is raised high to avoid drafts and covered with straw flooring
  • a clear separation by gender and age.

On 1 individual leave at least 1 square. m space.

There are several main types of buildings intended for breeding and insemination of turkeys.

  1. Turkey barn. The main place when choosing a free way of growing. Inside the barn, large windows are made, the walls and floors are insulated, and a system for cleaning bird excrements is being developed. Inside the turkey hen they perch and nest when they hatch eggs.
  2. Aviaries represent a place for free grazing turkeys on the street, allotting at least 20 square meters. m on 1 head. They are surrounded by a high fence of up to 2 meters, as the birds fly beautifully, despite their weight. They are equipped with pits of ash and sand for swimming, as well as monitor the presence of grass cover.
  3. Perches arranged inside the turkey in the calculation of 1 square. meter per representative. Under them are made necessarily pallets for feces. This greatly simplifies cleaning the area.
  4. When the turkey is ready for fertilization, nests are organized inside the barn. They are small houses, measuring 50 by 70 cm and at a height of 60 cm from the floor, inside they are equipped with straw and twigs. The basic principle of construction is that no one should disturb the hen and be comfortable with it.
  5. In the case of cellular content, the poultry turkey is constructed in 2 tiers to accommodate a larger number of individuals. At the same time, the cage should be spacious enough for turns and minimal bird movements; a retractable tray is installed below the feces.
  6. Brooders. So called a big box for young turkeys with a certain temperature and lighting. It contains chicks until they get stronger. It is important to arrange the space so that the kids do not crush each other and do not suffocate.

Farmers do not use monotypic food options. As a rule, there is an alternation of dry food and mash. In warm periods, natural feeding is added to pastures.

Wet mash includes sprouted grains rich in vitamins and microelements, root crops, greens, various grades of cereals. Also added to the diet:

  • shell rock up to 10 g per day,
  • bran 40-50 g,
  • bone meal and waste from fish, meat,
  • salt 2 g per day per individual.

It is ideal to add chalk to the formation of the bone system in winter.

In general, turkeys are fed from 4 to 5 times a day with active breeding, then the frequency decreases to 3 times. Morning and day are wet mash, evening is dry fodder. Also do not forget about drinking bowls for turkeys and the quality of water in them.

A small secret from farmers with experience: so that the meat becomes juicier, in the process of growth, individuals reduce the number of crops and increase the herbal percentage.

Read more about eating turkeys here.

Turkeys are very sensitive to weather conditions and content. Therefore, care for them should be particularly thorough.

Elimination of drafts in the room and maintaining a constant temperature regime not lower than + 10˚С in winter and +20˚С in summer.
Regular airing, as dampness and stale air are the main sources of the spread of diseases.
Thick bedding of straw or sawdust changes several times a week with free maintenance, and a pallet is additionally installed under cellular conditions.

In the outdoor aviary in the cold season, straw is thrown over the snow mixed with food. Thus, the livestock is forced to movement and walks.

In addition to the tank with ash for the removal of parasites, design a bath with chalk, crushed shell.

Breeding

Despite the fact that turkeys are good chicks, many farmers produce turkeys in two ways: by natural incubation and by incubating turkey eggs. Eggs from the clutch carefully inspect first outwardly, choosing only those that do not have white bands visible in the world.

Next is water testing. The egg is immersed in water: the fertilized specimen sinks, and the empty one pops up.

Maternal instinct

Maternal instinct is well developed in turkeys, but these properties are used in spring. In the fall, the incubator method is most often used. For the hen they prepare a detached nest where they lay fertilized eggs.

Some representatives are very zealous about their maternal responsibilities and forget even to eat normally and fully. If this happened. That should be a hen force to take to the trough.

While the turkey is eating, farmers examine the eggs, see if there are cracks or chips on them. After the poults are born, they are left with the mother up to 2 months of age.

The average incubation period is 26-28 days, with more than 16-18 eggs placed on one hen is not recommended. All this time, monitor the purity of the nest, the absence of rodents, the presence of food and constant access to clean water.

Incubation gives the highest% hatchability of poults. After laying, eggs are removed from under the bird and transferred to the tray, putting the sharp end to the bottom. In order for the specimens to warm up evenly, every 2 hours the eggs are scrolled up to 22 days. On average, the process takes as well as during natural incubation - 28 days.

It is important to provide a constant temperature for growing:

  • on a dry thermometer 37-38˚С,
  • on wet 29 -35˚С.

Every day the ventilation flaps open up more and more, by the end of the period the gap is 20 mm.

Growing turkey poults

In addition to providing comfortable conditions for hatching, young stock should be kept, providing them with more attentive and careful care in the first 2 months. From the first day many breeds are placed in a brooder, previously laid with straw. The temperature of the first 2 weeks should not fall 33 ° C, in the second weeks 23 ° C, the lighting is set around the clock. Read more about growing turkey poults in this section.

Nutrition of young stock is produced 8 times a day, gradually, to a mixture of grain, corn and boiled eggs, adding wet food, in the form of boiled root crops, greens, and dairy products and fish.

Use nettle and horse sorrel. They most fully nourish turkey poults with vitamins and minerals.

Adults are considered individuals with a full scallop. From this point on they are transferred to an adult diet.

Also in the first days of life turkeys are drunk with antibiotics and vitamin complexes, read on the procedure.

Turkeys are prone to the same diseases as chickens. Unfortunately, infections spread among livestock rather quickly. Therefore, at the first signs of disease in turkeys, the individual is immediately removed from the others.

Veterinarians talk about the most characteristic of these diseases:

  • mycoplasmosis
  • respiratory viruses, including runny nose,
  • tuberculosis.

Their appearance may be due to poor airing, unbalanced food, lack of hygienic cleaning and dirty drinking water.

Allocate and infections of the intestinal tract - histomonosis. It affects in severe and respiratory system. Can not be treated, the bird is destroyed and disposed of.

Prevention

It is easier to prevent diseases and infections than to cure them. Therefore, follow a few simple rules:

  • regular inspection of individuals
  • hygienic treatment of premises with monthly disinfection,
  • full and varied diet
  • walking in the fresh air and airing the premises.

For large farms, a daily examination of turkeys is conducted by a veterinarian.

In the video, we learn all the subtleties of growing turkey poults.