Sizar is one of the most popular and numerous representatives of wild pigeons. The bird has a gray or light gray color, due to which it got its name. Sizar is very similar to a rocky pigeon, but has a tail of a darker color. This is its main distinguishing feature.
This breed is common in Europe, Asia and North Africa. Gray pigeons prefer to live in the highlands, but sometimes they can be located near the forest. This species of wild pigeons rarely moves from place to place, as it prefers a sedentary lifestyle.
Considering the species of wild pigeons (photos and titles), you should dwell on the rocky one, which, as mentioned above, is very similar to sisar. The main difference is the black beak and light colored tail. In addition, it is smaller in size than sizar. Habitat rocky pigeon - Altai, Tien Shan, the mountains of Tibet, the Himalayas. This breed nests most often in pairs. The remaining qualities of the rocky pigeon are the same as those of the sizar.
Studying species of wild pigeons (see photo in the article), it is necessary to dwell on Clintuha. The plumage of this breed has a bluish color, the neck with a greenish tint, goiter is red, the wings are gray-blue, and there are black stripes on the tail. The habitat of this breed is northern Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, Turkey, Africa, and China. From the cold areas, birds usually fly away to warm regions for the winter period, and in the southern regions they prefer a sedentary lifestyle. They settle in places where there are large rocky trees (parks, forests).
The species of wild pigeons in Russia are very diverse, but the crowned pigeon lives only in hot countries, for example, in New Guinea. He settles in the wet forests, in the jungle, in the thickets of mango. The pigeon received its name because of the specific tuft that can fall and rise depending on the emotions and mood of the bird. In addition, this breed is the owner of fairly long legs, and in size it is not more than a canary.
Representatives of this breed are the largest among all wild pigeons. The tail length reaches 15 centimeters. Coloring is not much different from the gray and rock pigeons. Neck with a bright greenish tint. Common wood pigeon is common in Europe and Asia. Prefers to nest in forests or parks. With ease transfers any climatic conditions.
So, we reviewed the species of wild pigeons, photos with names. Further, we dwell on meat rocks. Residents of the United States and Western Europe have appreciated the taste of these birds, and now they are actively breeding pigeons there.
This is a favorite species of pigeons among US residents. For the first time they were bred in the XIX century. Kinga have a broad fleshy body, developed muscles and a strong skeleton. The plumage of representatives of this breed can be monotonous (black, white, brown) and spotty. Kings practically do not know how to fly. Perhaps this is due to their large body.
Considering the meat types of pigeons with photos and names, you should focus on the modena. This species was bred in England. Birds have a muscular, massive body. Their tail stands almost vertically. Modena weigh quite a lot (about 1 kg). Because of this, they practically do not fly. As for the plumage, it can be either monophonic or dark with light wings.
In addition to taste, people noticed in pigeons and other features. For example, some of them are able to return to their usual place. These birds were called postal. But it was soon noticed that each of them has its own particular style of flight. This group of pigeons is the most numerous among all. Depending on the manner of flying, they were divided into the following types:
- High-flying breed. Such pigeons, soaring into the sky, describe several circles. In flight, they can be from 2 to 10 hours.
- Pigeons. They differ in special turns through the wing, which creates the impression that the bird is tumbling in the air.
- Bocky breed. They fly low, while making a roll through the tail, as a result, there is a click that occurs when the wings strike.
- Rollers. Such feathered as if circling around its axis, making somersaults through the wing.
Considering the flying species of pigeons, it is necessary to note the Nikolaev breed. These birds - the most popular among the flight. For the first time they were seen in Ukraine in the city of Nikolaev. Like other representatives of flying pigeons, they have their own peculiarity of flight - they take off and rise up in a straight line, then stop in the air and flutter with their wings. The Nikolaev pigeons are owners of very long wings, a small neck and short legs. Their color is gray, black, white and even yellow and red.
Berlin short-faced dove
This breed belongs to the fighting pigeons, which in flight make a flip through the tail and click their wings. Its representatives appeared in the 19th century in the city of Berlin (hence the name). These pigeons have a small body, a small head, a bulging forehead and a short beak. The peculiarity is that their wings hang below the tail. Short-billed pigeons are very active. Their plumage can be both monophonic and variegated.
Studying the flying species of pigeons, special attention should be paid to the German monk. This is an ancient and very beautiful breed. These pigeons appeared in the 17th century. Their homeland is Germany. The peculiarity of birds is that they are able to lure other pigeons to themselves, although they themselves fly a little. Thanks to this distinctive feature, they were used to steal other birds. The size of a German monk is small, has a bulging forehead and a small beak. Externally, it is characterized by the presence of a specific “hood” on the back of the head.
The fact that pigeons were used as postmen is no secret to anyone. In order to transmit the messages of these birds, the inhabitants of Ancient Rome and Greece used them. In the Middle Ages, only kings could afford to keep pigeons. This type of communication was considered the most reliable and fast. Even during the Second World War, the astonishing ability of the pigeon was useful to people in the absence of another connection.
Time passed, and humanity no longer needs the postal services of birds. Now this breed is called sports and use their ability in competitions. Belgium is the world center of this bird sport. It should be noted that the ability of pigeons to navigate the terrain and overcome long distances is a hereditary trait. Other breeds do not have such a gift.
Considering the postal species of pigeons, special attention should be paid to the Belgian. This is the best representative of its breed. It flies very quickly and is well oriented in space. The Belgians have a wide chest, a short tail, a round head. Their plumage is usually blue, with light wings.
Belgian pigeons are considered champions. The bird of this breed was sold for the highest price - 328 thousand dollars.
The main feature of these birds is their appearance. They have various tufts, unusual length and shape of wings, growths, various color of feathering and other signs. In addition, birds can have a special body shape or posture. Some species in feather color repeat many famous birds (larks, swallows, gulls, bullfinches). Decorative species are bred solely for beauty and aesthetic pleasure.
This type of decorative pigeons is considered the most beautiful. Their peculiarity is the lush tail, which is very similar to the peacock. Hence the name of the breed. The plumage of such pigeons is different, but white is considered a classic. No wedding, show or show is complete without these beautiful birds.
Representatives of this unusual breed are included in the group of wart pigeons. Their main distinguishing feature is special skin growths around the eyes. In addition, they have a bulging forehead and a small beak. The plumage is not only monophonic, there are also unusual colors, for example, yellow or red.
Representatives of this breed have a rich feather decoration. They have two tufts on their heads, and long feathers on their paws. Regardless of the color of the forehead of these pigeons will always be white. Plumage is like a monk's hood. Hence the name of this breed.
According to the structure of the body
The group includes species with the following features in the structure of the body:
- wide tail, always raised up,
- the wings are located below the tail, do not lie on it,
- wide chest, pushed forward with a proud posture and gait.
The group also differs by unusual coloring and ornaments on the head, neck, legs. The color of the feathers can have pictures, a separate part of the body can be painted with a separate feather color. In addition, stately pigeons are divided into subgroups.
From the title it is clear that the distinctive feature, wings hanging down to the ground, often the tips of the feathers “sweep” the ground. The birds have a small body, with a straight neck.
Birds with a small body, luxurious tail feathers, rising up above the body. A distinctive feature of a subgroup is the shaking of a neck that is long with a deflection when walking.
Small birds with a graceful neck with a deflection, a short tail tucked up. When walking Kachuna swing, making movements of the chest, raised up.
First, birds can rise to a very great height, disappearing from sight, and second, they can linger on it for a long time. The subgroup includes the majority of the wing-winged and some shakyas, for example, the Kamyshinsky, Dubovskaya, Kryukovskaya rocks.
Turmans, in addition to a long stay in the air, can perform various "aerobics" - somersaults, coups. Most often fly in a group. Thormans include such breeds: Rzhev and Syzran pigeons, Kazan tremors.
In some breeds, the word turman is attached to the main name, for example, the red-leg ribbon turman.
There are three types of stately Rostov pigeons:
- Rostov flight - flight decorative kakun. The plumage color is yellow, black, red, with a metallic sheen on the neck and chest. The head can be as smooth as with a forelock. The back is concave, on the tail raised sometimes at an angle of up to 80 ° from 18 to 22 steering feathers, feathered feet,
Lugansk breed belongs to the high-flying shakes. The bird is snow white in color, with a smooth head, medium neck length. The chest area is raised, the back is slightly arched. The tail rises above the back, consists of 16-20 tail feathers.
The wings are not pressed to the body, they are lowered, but they do not touch the earth, the extremities are feathered. The beak, eyelids, brace and claws match the color of the feathers.
Selection of shawl pigeons engaged for a long time, today the breed has the following characteristics:
- decorative Kachuns, lost their ability to fly,
- the head is large, with a forelock from ear to ear, smoothly turning into a kind of mane,
As a result of crossing the Volga stately, Syzran's wing-winged and Rzhev specimens, a subgroup of tape pigeons was bred.
Main distinguishing features:
- feather color - white and cherry, less often - coffee,
- there must be a white band in the tail,
- chest wide and curved forward
- tail fluff, raised,
- wings lowered below tail.
History of formation
Stately pigeons can be seen all over the world, but when compiling directories they are not allocated to a single group. We have allocated them since 1982. Most of the birds live in the settlements of Azov, Don, Volga. Some moved to Siberia and the Southern Urals.
Stately pigeons are of increasing interest, no exhibition can not do without a demonstration of these breeds. The Budapest exhibition of 1975 for the first time adopted this breed, it was there that the Rostov white-breasted pigeons were demonstrated, where they won the highest marks of the judges, and the love of the audience. And in 1980, when the exhibition was held in Czechoslovakia, the Volga band pigeon was rightfully recognized as a champion.
All stately pigeons are divided into:
The word "winged" already speaks for itself. The tips of pigeon wings fall almost to the floor. Larger-sized pigeons are medium-sized and small. This group included: Kamyshenskys, Dubovskys, Rzhevskys, marts, and some others.
In shakes, the body is shorter, they are of medium and small size. They have a characteristic curved elongated neck. It was she who provided the shaking, from where the name originated. The tail of such doves raised. This group includes: Chilean cleans, Lugansk, Poltava black-tailed, Volga red-chest, Uryupa blue, Kazan, her double-breasted, Voronezh beetles.
Body kachunov shortish, with high breast. The neck is bent and often shaky. They have their own name because of swinging back and forth while walking or in an excited state. Kachunas include Rostov pigeons stately, white-breasted, colored, Novocherkassk blacktailtails.
According to the bird flight, pigeons are divided into:
All the wing-winged and a little bit of shakers were in the high-flying class. Rzhevsky Kazan shakers attributed to the Turman. All Kachuns are classified as decorative.
Flight characteristics of poultry are the result of genetic selection, breeding methods and training activities. With regular rutting, a balanced feeding ration and high-quality maintenance, pigeon breeders get amazing results from the birds. Pigeons can show a slow circular flight for 6 hours.
In the cities there is a tendency to raise birds in cages and aviaries, without the possibility of flight. As a result, the skills of a good flight are gradually lost. You can restore flight abilities, but this will take time and several generations of birds.
Russian stately pigeons can have any color of plumage, because in the first place they become. They can have a dirty pattern and be colored. There are birds with colored sides and tails, sometimes speckled.
Some birds managed to decorate themselves with their forelocks, there are even two-lipped ones. Limbs are also not devoid of ornaments: bells, cosms, stockings, hawk feathers - all for the beauty of the breed.
Being engaged in the maintenance and breeding of stately pigeons, it is necessary to take into account the features of the plumage of the limbs.
These pigeons are unpretentious, with a calm temperament and good hens. Most birds have low landing, feathering on the limbs and lowered wings. All this requires special sanitary and zoo-hygienic measures, as well as several other equipment. For example, perches should be arranged so that the wings remain above the floor.
For many decades, pigeon breeders of a single locality tried to improve certain qualities of a bird, and they certainly succeeded. Over the centuries, the work carried out on the selection, led to the emergence of special breeds, species and subspecies of stately pigeons.
Each group has its own individual qualities, and only pigeon breeders have something to be proud of.
Breeding pigeons in a particular geographical or territorial zone gave the name to the breeds. Rzhevsk, Volga, Kazan, Orenburg, Rostov - you can transfer for a long time. If we take any one region, then we can trace the characteristic only for it feature in breeding. What, for example, gave the pigeons Rostov region?
Airborne decorative, with original article and coloring. Deducing them begins at the end of the last century. Significant efforts have been made to consolidate certain characteristics that can be steadfastly inherited. Excellent flight parameters in small circles, high altitude, they do not take. Эти птицы — качуны, их высокая стать и интересный габитус привлекают взгляды любителей голубей.
По экстерьеру птица средняя, чёрная с белой высокой грудкой и трясущейся изящно изгибающейся шеей. Округлую голову украшает чубчик. Туловище недлинное, с широкой спиной. The wings are a bit short, the drop below the tail is a characteristic indicator, and they, as a rule, reach the floor, they are not strongly attached to the body. The limbs are short, they are decorated with cosms and spurs.
The bird is black, with a resinous shine, except for the lower part of the bird - it is white.
These pigeons are still popular today, they can be found in Rostov, although as a breed they were designated at the beginning of the last century. A beautiful heap flight at medium altitudes, in small circles, with a duration of up to three hours is fascinating, but in the nurseries they behave aggressively.
These birds are small. The tail is raised, the wings with considerable omission, the legs are short and not plucked, but the gait is important and proud. The neck is medium, curving back, in a state of excitement the bird is shaking it violently. The wing shield and frontal cockade are fawn, red, gray, black, everything else is white. The color scale is juicy, bright, saturated.
Bred in the Rostov region. Even before the war, this bird was exported to many other regions. There the pigeons were given their own names, which were very far from the original ones: Omsk, without a breath, pock-breasted. The war has caused damage to this category, now they are few in number, with the general name "Bessarabian".
Stately pigeons are loved and desired. The beauty and stateliness of the birds can be enjoyed for hours close and enjoy the flight for a long time.
Breed of stately pigeons
Stately pigeons first appeared thanks to breeders in the Azov Sea. They began to be called stately Russians. The idea of breeders was picked up by specialists in Rostov-on-Don, in the cities of the Upper and Lower Volga region, where many new lines were developed. Currently, new breeds are emerging in Siberia, in the North Caucasus, but Rostov-on-Don is considered the capital of stately pigeons. Here white-breasted pigeons, colored, chilik, Greek Tsitsari were born. Own breeds were also formed. Among them are the Taganrog Chilik, the Novocherkassk breed, the black tails. Rostov pigeons laid the foundation for breeding in Ukraine, in Siberia.
All stately pigeons were considered decorative, but in 1982 they began to belong to a separate group. Russian breeds are known all over the world. Depending on the shape of the body and the manner of behavior, all individuals are divided into certain subgroups.
- Medium or small body size
- the ends of the wings are lowered below the tail, reach to the floor,
- tail raised,
- neck moves when walking.
- Volga ribbon,
- Poltava blacktail.
- Voronezh tape,
- Voronezh blacktail,
- Yeisk pockmarked,
- her double-breasted
- Lugansk forty,
- Ural white-sided,
- Omsk white,
- Rostov Chilik,
- Kazan shakes.
- The body is very short
- chest high,
- the neck is elongated, has a large bend,
- individuals shake their necks,
- tail is flat, short,
- shaking gradually turns into a full body roll,
- in the excited state, the individual intensively shakes the body forward and back,
- Altai shaw,
- Semipalatinsk shalovy,
- Rostov white-breasted,
- Rostov color,
- Rostov swan,
- Rostov yellow.
Birds of the Omsk white breed are the leaders of many exhibitions of stately pigeons. Individuals trimmed tail to give it the shape of the correct fan. One of the most decorative lines among the shakes is Rostov yellow.
Some breeds of stately pigeons were considered extinct. These were Kazan shakes. Geneticists succeeded in restoring the breed. Currently, Kazan shakers are actively exhibiting at competitions, where they are a great success. In total there are 50 species of stately breeds.
Individuals of stately breeds are not only beautiful. They have good flying qualities. Assessing the beauty of their plumage and their ability to fly, birds are divided into groups:
- high flying. Among the stately pigeons there are first-class high-flying birds. They are able to quickly go up the hill, making swirling movements. In flight, they can last up to 5 hours, rising to the height of a sparrow. Individual individuals reach the height of the butterfly. Virtually all wing-winged individuals belong to the high-flying group.
- Doves stately flight-decorative. This group includes all shakes. Birds soar flock. Thanks to the lace plumage, the pack looks beautiful in the sky. In the air, pigeons can spend a lot of time, up to 3-4 hours. Many of them reach the height of a sparrow, but most prefer to climb to an average height,
- Turmans are birds that perform coups in the air through the back or through the wing. Individuals of the following breeds can be a turman: Kazan shakers, Cossack, Syzran vislokrylye,
- decorative. Individuals of this group are assessed only for signs of statism. They do not possess flight qualities. All stately breeds possess decorative qualities, but especially distinguish kachuns and partially shakes.
Golubevody hold exhibitions, which exhibit individuals of all breeds. Sometimes they are presented with new copies. Often at competitions it is determined how many stately breeds exist at present, and which are considered extinct.
How to care for stately birds?
Pigeons are placed in spacious rooms. The flooring may be concrete: it is easier to clean. Sometimes hay is laid on the concrete. In the room are installed cells. They look like lockers for things that are in supermarkets. The doors in the lockers are dismantled. In the cells of the pigeons are resting, they arrange nests. 1 slot is for 1 pair of birds. The volume top panel of a design serves for flock a roost. Separate strips for individuals do not establish. Birds love wide panels, parapets and not narrow pearls:
- the room is kept clean. They carry out daily cleaning
- Once a month, cells are washed out and disinfected. The bird at this time is placed in other rooms or walking,
- Once a season it is supposed to do total disinfection of the whole room and cabinets.
These activities will keep the livestock clean. Processing premises using antiseptics is a good prevention against infectious and helminth diseases. In the loft it is necessary to observe crowding, temperature and air purity:
- On 1 individual in the aviary should be 1.5 m 3. In the winter dovecote 1 m 3,
- the optimum temperature in the summer is + 20-25 C. Do not allow direct sunlight to fall on the flock. The enclosure in which the flock is located is shaded by a canopy,
- in winter for the livestock, they organize heating if the temperature has fallen below 0 ° C. As heaters, lamps with infrared radiation are used,
- humidity in the room 55-60%. With low humidity birds may fall feathers. With increased humidity there is a risk of developing respiratory diseases,
- the room must be ventilated. Ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide irritate the mucous membranes of the eyes and upper respiratory tract. Pigeons can get sick.
In the aviary necessarily set capacity with a small amount of sand and ash. Birds should take a bath. Bathing in the sand, they clean their insects from their plumage. If blood-sucking insects are still found on the body of a bird, then the entire feather cover must be treated with special preparations: Bolfo, Ectospray, Envayr. You can use lice for pets, dogs and cats. Before processing the feather cover, the bird's head must be closed.
In the warm period pigeons chase. They need to move. For high-flying, flight-decorative individuals and for Turman special trainings are organized. Choose the morning time to keep the air clean and humid. Species of decorative breeds are walking in the aviary. If they want to fly, no one will interfere with this, but they do not organize special trainings for them.
What is fed pigeons?
Do not overfeed pigeons. The optimal size of food for stately decorative birds 40 g per head. Flight and flight-decorative individuals receive no more than 25-30 g per day. In order to dose a portion correctly, you can purchase special bowls on which the scale is located. According to her measure the amount of feed. Before training feed give a little. The bird should not be fed. In winter, the portion is reduced, so as not to provoke obesity. In the warm season resort to three meals a day:
- in the morning at 5.00 h,
- at lunch at 13.00,
- in the evening at 20.00
In winter, food is given 2 times a day, in the morning and in the evening. Grain mixtures are used as feed. Experts divide them into heavy and light. Lungs are used for morning feeding, heavy give in the evening:
- light food consists of oats, barley, wheat. Use crushed mixture of medium consistency,
- heavy is a mixture of corn, soybeans, peas, barley, millet,
- regardless of the time of year, pigeons are necessarily given green grass or vegetables. Useful nettle, dandelions, cabbage, carrots,
- necessarily enter the small shell. It is a mineral supplement.
Stately pigeons should not be given fish, meat, black bread, citrus fruits. The liver in birds will not be able to break down a large amount of fat, therefore, oily products are excluded from the diet. Sunflower seeds are given in strictly limited quantities, not more than 5 g per individual.
The diet needs to be constantly changed, alternating between grain mixtures. This is necessary for normal functioning of the digestive tract. Premixes for pigeons or for laying hens are used as mineral additives. Grain mixtures poured into the feeders. They are elongated containers with high sides. Birds take food, sitting on the side or grab its gathering: do not allow crowding around the feeders. Water should be freely available.
Pigeons claim that the bird does not require special care. She needs clean air, active movements, a normal aft table. The stately bird possesses dense and dense plumage. In order to preserve it, the room is kept clean, and it is necessary to give the flock a chance to take sand-ash baths.
They appeared in Russia - on the Don and in the Kuban - more than two hundred years ago. After they began to appear on the Volga, in Siberia and in Ukraine. They gained world fame relatively recently: it was only in 1975 in Budapest at the pigeon exhibition, in which Rostov stately pigeons participated, that European pigeon breeders saw them. And they not only saw, but also awarded prizes to stately pigeons, adding to this very high reviews.
External features of stately pigeons differ depending on their subtype. As a rule, based on the external characteristics, the birds are usually divided into the winged, shaking and kachunov.
- Whiskers. In these birds, the tips of the wings, as the name implies, are lowered down and almost touch the ground. The tail is slightly raised up, and the head remains motionless when moving. In general, this breed of pigeons has a rather small body (they can even be called small).
- Shakes This stately pigeon has a rather small body, but the neck, on the contrary, is long. The name of the variety is due to the fact that when walking their neck and head constantly shakes. The thorax of the birds is wide, slightly elevated. The wide tail is also raised up.
- Kachuns. And this stately pigeon is distinguished by a wide breast slightly raised upwards. The body itself is rather small. When walking, their neck is also constantly shaking, and they can also be slightly rocked from side to side - hence the name.
Also, these birds are divided by color, since the color of the body they may be very different. In general, the following groups of birds are distinguished:
- colored breasts - coloring resembles magpie plumage,
- the colored side - the body is white, and the wings are painted in other colors,
- color-tailed - snow-white body and colorful tail,
Although according to the style of flight it is customary to divide stately pigeons into high-flying, turman and decorative ones, there are some common features by which you can distinguish them from other breeds.
They fly quite slowly and can hold out in the air for up to 6 hours. If trained properly, they can gain considerable height during flight.
Although the Rostov variety of these birds is the most popular, Omsk is not far behind. These birds have snow-white colors (although there are other colors now), and although they are decorative, pigeon breeders are still very fond of Omsk pigeons. According to the structure of the body, they belong to kachunami. In general, they are very beautiful and elegant birds.
Who are the stately pigeons?
Stately pigeons - a large group, which includes many breeds that differ from each other:
- body shape
- color of plumage,
- flight qualities.
The main difference of this group is the external characteristics, which serve as the key criteria in determining the "state" of the breed.
Stately pigeons are not isolated in the world catalogs as a separate group. In Russia, it has been since 1982. Don and Kuban lands are considered the birthplace of these birds - here stately breeds breed about 200 years. Later, these pigeons appeared in the Volga region, then - in the Urals in Siberia.
Stately breeds - constant participants of the pigeon exhibitions held in Russia. As a result of breeding, many varieties were derived, each new line gets its name in honor of the locality where they were bred.
For the first time the breed was introduced to the world in 1975 - at the Budapest exhibition. Here the Russian golubevody showed Rostov white-breasted pigeons, which received the highest marks and earned the sympathy of the audience. In Czechoslovakia, at an exhibition in 1980, the Volga band pigeon rightfully received the title of champion.
What should be the stats indicators?
“Staticity” in pigeon breeds is determined by external signs. All representatives of stately breeds are united by a peculiar physique and graceful posture. The appearance is characterized by the following features:
- wide raised chest
- tail with one to two dozen tail feathers,
- wing, wings should be lowered lower than the tail.
In total, golubevody distinguish three subgroups of stately breeds:
Belonging to one of the above subgroups set in one of the following ways:
- The ratio of the position of different parts of the body to the horizontal surface. Indicators are measured in degrees. This method is quite complicated, requires measurements and calculations.
- The positions of different parts of the body relative to the vertical line - it passes from the paws of the pigeon, up the body. Pigeon breeders determine, in particular, how the head, body, wings, neck, and tail are located relative to this line.
In the first and second cases, determining to become a bird, look at it in profile. Let us consider the variety of pigeons, differing article.