Decorative animals may be different. In our view, these are usually rodents. But it is not, because now you can find more original animals. For example, it may be mini-pigs or mini-horses. It is about the last we will discuss further. In our article, the Falabella horse breed will be discussed in detail. This is a very interesting and beautiful animal.
We begin to make a description of the horse Falabella with its appearance. On average, the height at the withers is 65 cm. The weight of such a horse varies from fifty to sixty kg. And if we talk about the smallest horse falabella in the world, it weighs only 13.5 kg with a height of 50 cm. The build of such an animal is proportional. Head neat, small, thin legs with small hooves. If we talk about the skeleton of a falabella horse, then it is slightly different from the usual horse skeleton. This animal has one vertebra and a smaller rib. The hair of the representatives of this species is soft, and the skin is thin.
The colors of the horse may be different. Even there is a horse falabella speckled. Of course, this breed belongs to the decorative horses. Such a beast is quite expensive as well as rare. At the present time there are only a few hundred heads. Breeding of this breed is practiced in Holland, Italy, Germany, America and Australia.
The first version of the appearance history
Where did these mini horses come from? To find out, consider their history. This species stands out from the horse family with its brilliant mind, constitution and beauty. Now there are several options for the emergence of this type. The basic theory of appearance is as follows: due to landslides, a herd of horses fell into a trap, animals were stuck in a fairly deep canyon. So they were for a long time, they ate only cacti. Because of such a poor diet for vitamins, the growth and development of the animal has changed.
In the canyon there were these horses for more than one millennium. And new generations were becoming smaller and smaller. As a result, the pedigree experienced serious genetic changes. The pioneer of this species was a farmer from Argentina. His name was Falabella. He was a distinguished breeder and lover of horses. It was he who saw in the canyon a little foal. The breeder personally took out an animal from there, after which he began to actively breed these mini-horses on his ranch. Animals he named in his honor.
There is another story of the appearance of falabella horses. According to this legend, the Irishman Patrick Newtall was breeding such animals. He lived at that time in Argentina. He had a whole herd of horses about 75 cm tall. The formation of this species took the Irishman many years. At the end of the 19th century, the inheritance of breeding miniature horses passed into the hands of son-in-law Juan Falabella. As a result, the horse lover created a standard mare with non-standard dimensions.
The third version of the appearance of the breed
There is a version that the Indians brought a short horse. They knew the main secrets of breeding, but now they do not recognize it in modern society. And all because the lifestyle of the Indians does not involve the use of horses of this size. Their tribes needed strong and large special ones that would be able to save them in battles with white people.
Summarizing the above, we can conclude that all the stories of the appearance of these horses are united by one fact, namely: the size of the animal was affected by the lack of food, unfavorable living conditions, as well as climate.
Currently, these horses are in great demand among connoisseurs of unique, thoroughbred by external data horse breeds. To understand why these animals are so popular, it is worth a closer look at their character, habits, and conditions of detention.
Let's start with the habits. This breed of horse is considered an excellent jumper. These animals with excitement and great pleasure overcome difficult barriers and obstacles. The horse jumps easily over rough terrain. They can withstand high speed of movement, can easily run for a long time in a race. Such animals demonstrate diligence and devotion to the owner. They gladly follow all the instructions and wishes of the owners. Such humility played into the hands of animals. These horses have many horse breeders, bred them as domestic decorative animals for aesthetic pleasure.
The nature of the breed
Now let's talk about the nature of the representatives of this species. These animals are friendly, good-natured. Especially miniature horses like small children. Due to this, such animals are used to teach children riding. To train such an animal does not require special skills and efforts. Even an inexperienced horse breeder can teach a horse a trick. Psychologists believe that mini horses can be great friends for little children. They recommend contacting these animals with babies as often as possible.
How should such horses be kept? In this case, there are no surprises and surprises. All the rules and rules of reference for ordinary horses apply to these miniature animals. Although there is one difference in the content. Such miniature horses should be protected from the cold. In winter, the horse requires a stable, which is insulated with blankets and infrared lamps. For these animals you need to use day and night blankets.
Care for horses
These horses need daily walks. It is desirable at this moment to give the animal the opportunity to jump, run and frolic. He needs a regular vet checkup. Where the horse lives, in no case should there be drafts. Each animal must be vaccinated annually against tetanus and flu.
Nutrition. What should be in the diet of such a horse?
Now let's talk about the power of these horses. There is no special difference in the diet between this species and the usual horse. The only thing to watch out for is the amount of food consumed. These horses are prone to legends. And if the animal overdoes with oats, then it may be allergic. It will manifest as eczema, rash and itching. Hay should be given to horses in the morning, as well as vegetable fodder enriched with vegetables.
Now let's talk about breeding. The main difference of this species from other horses is the period of foal. He goes to Falabella in 11 months. In ordinary horses, this period falls on the age of thirteen months.
Already in the first year, the foal grows to the desired degree of independence and growth. By the age of three, such a horse is considered fully developed. The growth of a newborn baby of this breed is 40 cm. Usually foals are born from mid-spring to mid-summer.
In the first minutes of life, the baby learns a new habitat, the mother begins to search by smell. If during this period there is a person next to him, then in the future he will be perceived as a member of his family. Past passing horses can easily interest a baby. The foal will throw everything in order to follow them. For this reason, there is always a vigilant mother nearby. She scares off all animals that approach her cub. For acquaintance to the new inhabitant adult horses start to play with the kid. Vigilant care of the mother for the baby lasts only thirty days. After about eight to ten months, she stops feeding the foal. Then she already hoofs pushes him away from her udder.
Now you know who the Falabella horse is, how it differs from ordinary mares. We also reviewed the features of the content. care and nutrition of such animals. In addition, we considered some features of the breeding of this type of horses. We hope that this information was interesting and informative for you.
They are distinguished by a small height, which often can not exceed eighty-six centimeters at the withers. Surprisingly, even special crumbs from thirty-eight to forty-five centimeters can also occur among these animals. And the weight of horses (ponies) Phalabella always ranges from twenty to sixty-five kilograms. There was a case with the smallest of all the colts. But, at the same time, their musculoskeletal system is well developed for their small growth.Falabella with a foal
He weighed about ten pounds. Actually, his height at the withers was about thirty-six centimeters. A unique feature of these crumbs is the very fact that each of the newest generations is able to give horses, which will be less and less.Falabella in the jump
And, if you cross a typical stallion of the Falabella breed with the most ordinary mare, the genes on the fatherly line will overpower everything at once. And it turns out that the children succeed, hardly a tiny growth. Of course, in the process of such a cross, artificial insemination is always used.
In the case of physique (exterior and structure), it can be said that the pony falabella has a normal body and a normal head, thickest hair, which is very lush, and the front and hind limbs are, in principle, rather short . These are incredibly strong animals that can endure a lot, despite the proportions of their own body! They are one of those that are “remote”, even though they are too small in size.
Argentina is considered the birthplace of the smallest horse. He began work on breeding miniature horses Irishman Patrick Newtall, who lived in Argentina.
He shined himself to this idea, as a result of many years of hard work, he formed a herd of horses whose height did not exceed 75 cm. Falanella continued his son-in-law Juan Falabello's breeding of horse breed.
Initially, he crossed a pony with Newall bred horses. In order to preserve the dimensions of the pony, but to leave the horse’s grace unchanged, only the tiniest horses participated in the selection.
Did you know?The story of the emergence of mini-horses is also overgrown with fabulous legends. One of them is that it was found in a valley in which everything was very small: both plants and animals.
Height and weight
Small horses have retained the grace of large representatives, but at the same time their growth is 37-70 cm, and weight is 20-60 kg.
The animal looks very proportionate, but its head is big enough. A distinctive feature of the breed is a smaller number of ribs, the absence of one or two. Legs are thin, miniature hooves. The mane and tail is incredibly thick and beautiful, the skin is thin and shiny.
Learn more about horse breeds such as: heavy (frieze, Vladimir heavy, tinker) and riding (Akhal-Teke, appaloosa, Arabic).
The color of miniature horses is very diverse. It all depends on the suit of horses that participated in the selection.
Important!It is imperative to vaccinate mini-horses and regularly check the mane and tail, as they are prone to the appearance of parasites and are prone to disease.
Unusually good creatures who can literally from the first meeting become your best friend. Animals have great contact with the children. With the help of these miniature horses, little riders are taught to ride a horse.
It is a well-known fact that horses reassure and even contribute to the cure of various diseases, this breed is no exception. The little horse will be the most loyal and best friend in the role of a pet.
Gentle and affectionate animal, which loves games and communication, will definitely add a positive to your life. Incredibly sensitive to human emotions, finely feel the mood.
In addition to all the above characteristics, a dwarf horse is incredibly intelligent, very easy to train. Teach her to overcome obstacles, jump and run fast enough even a newly-bred horse breeder will be able to run.
Supplement and desire is rejected to fulfill all the whims of the owner - its distinctive feature.
Important! It is necessary to provide a balanced diet, rich in vitamins and minerals. Falabella can never be overfed.
Babies are more decorative, they are not used for riding. A mini horse can pull a cart with two children or one adult. Most often act as a pet.
They are so fragile and graceful that it is unlikely that anyone would think of using these crumbs for business purposes. And in spite of the very high cost of falabella, they are rather an element of luxury and wealth, which brings the maximum satisfaction from communication. They can also be seen in the circus arena, they are easy to train and readily adorn the public.
Very often, mini-horses become helpers for people with disabilities, this is due to their accommodating nature and long life expectancy (up to 45 years).