The breed of pigs Karmaly belongs to the exotic meat breeds, which are becoming increasingly prevalent in farms. They are valued for their high productivity, undemanding to food volumes, rapid weight gain, and disease resistance.
Breed pigs Karmaly
Pigs of this breed are calmer, more docile in nature, cost of maintenance is much cheaper than regular pigs.
REFERENCE. When breeding karmaly, you can get an increase of 150-200 kg of weight for 1.5 years. In this case, the resulting meat will contain a small amount of fat. When cutting carcass fat is very easily separated from the pulp. Despite the large amount of wool, the stunted skin of the karmala remains soft and clean.
Origin and appearance
Pigs of the Carmel breed were obtained by crossing herbivorous pigs: mangal (Vietnamese vislobrew pig) and Korean. Gradually, breeders began to allocate 2 types of hybrids:
- Ordinary karmal. The result of crossing Vietnamese boar breed and Korean pig. Although she took the best from her ancestors, she is inferior in quality and taste of meat to the royal species.
- Royal karmal This species was obtained as a result of further crossing of the pigs of the usual karmala with boars of the brazier breed. Thus, the royal karmala 75% of the genes from magnal, and the remaining 25% from the Korean breed. It is such a hybrid that has proven itself to be optimal for mass breeding due to the excellent taste of meat, which belongs to gourmet products.
Externally, pigs of the karmala breed differ little from wild boars. Their body is covered with long and thick hair that warms the animal during the cold season. That is what makes them easy to maintain: they do not require the construction of a pigsty, a rather ordinary pen. In winter, pigs of this breed walk freely, dig snow and grunt.
Karmalah piglets are striped, with red, black or gray hair. Grown-up piglets have a long-legged, taut silhouette. Perhaps this is due to the greater playfulness and mobility than in the young of an ordinary pig. Adult pigs and boars of Karmala are also outwardly more accurate and aesthetic. Their wool becomes ashen, brown or black as they grow older.
Breeding pig breeds karmaly
An important advantage of pigs of the Karmala breed is good fertility and ease of breeding. Sows of this breed are capable of breeding 20 piglets, while all babies are usually viable and healthy. The karmaly reach sexual maturity very quickly: the pig is ready to mate when it reaches 4 months of age, and the boar can produce offspring after reaching 5 months of age. For breeding breed enough to organize a small indoor barn with an adjacent enclosure for walking.
Other features of breeding karmal:
- a pregnant pig does not require any special care, it remains clean and independent,
- the pig itself serves the farrow, feeds it with its own milk, which is enough for all piglets,
- weekly pigs of the karmala, born in the warm season, can already pinch grass,
- at the age of one month, the piglets completely switch to an adult diet.
REFERENCE. In a year, a pig of the Karmala breed is capable of bringing 50-60 piglets per hender.
The instrument is characterized by a high degree of viability and a good innate immunity, which allows to obtain maximum performance indicators of farm livestock farms. The diet of piglets before the full transition to adult food includes up to 70% of concentrated feed, up to 20% of soft vegetables and a small amount of additives in the form of fish with soft bones, bone and bean flour.
When choosing a pig for fattening, you should choose from the most noisy and mobile, standing firmly on legs, with a tail that does not fit the body. It is also important that the pig has dense uniform bristles.
Maintenance and care
Pigs of the Karmala breed can be bred in any region of the country. They are often used to improve the quality of the main breeds of pigs bred in local farms. In order to ensure normal conditions of detention, it is enough to take a separate territory, enclosed by a fence. The only condition that must be taken into account is that animals do not like drafts. In the conditions of an open pen, animals can, already starting from two months of age.
Pigs have a calm disposition. When organizing their living space do not need to be afraid of undermining and damage to fences. During grazing, karmaly try to keep the herd, do not attack people or other animals.
Pigs of the Karmala breed are characterized by complete unpretentiousness in food. If there is enough space in the summertime, pigs can be almost completely free grazing. Animals eat grass, vegetables, seek and dig acorns, collect fallen apples. For a good weight gain, the diet can include:
- crushed and whole grains, cereals,
- food waste,
- vegetables, especially fodder and sugar beets,
- ready feed mixtures.
Regardless of the diet and the amount of feed consumed, the meat of Karma pigs remains juicy, tender, with a low fat content.
Karma pig meat
Based on the main characteristics of karmals, we can conclude that this is one of the optimal breeds for breeding. Resistance to diseases, inexpensive fattening, stable large offspring and the ability to use wool for yarn production and additional income are important characteristics that play a key role in the selection. The taste of karmales meat is similar to young veal; it differs from ordinary pork in its lower fat content, refined taste, and pleasant smell. Increased lean meat is an additional advantage of this hybrid breed of pigs.
Young offspring of karmals does not require any special conditions and care. But if the piglets are fed correctly and in a balanced way, their meat will eventually be tasty and juicy.
If piglets eat only cereals and vegetables, their meat will be unappetizing. If you give the young fish, then the meat can give the smell of fish. Strongly affect the taste of pork and soy, fish meal and cake. While dairy products, on the contrary, will make meat tasty, juicy, and the pig will be healthy and grow faster.
Before the cold comes, little pigs need to add vitamins and mineral supplements to feed. But in order to find the right dosage, discuss it with a specialist.
Newborn piglets do not need to be vaccinated against infections due to their high immunity. However, these measures need to be taken when they reach puberty. And also karmaly it is necessary to carry out anthelmintic processing. After all, worms in these animals lead to weight loss and the appearance of allergies. And many types of helminth infections can even be transmitted to humans. Therefore, taking preventive measures is a must. Medicines for this are in the form of injections, powder and solutions.
If you purchased the product in powder or suspension, then mix it with food, then dilute it a little with water and place it in the feeding places. On the day of this procedure, you should reduce the amount of feed by a third. For small piglets, you can dilute the feed with the preparation with milk or broth. Weaker piglets are best fed separately, in groups of up to 30 individuals. The remaining animals should be dewormed separately.
Sometimes during this procedure, pigs may develop vomiting. To prevent this, do not give the animals water before and after the procedure. Feed after deworming is possible after 7 hours.
Do not give the pigs medicine on the tongue, as in this case the effect of the drug will be greatly reduced. And besides this, there is a possibility of hitting him in the lungs, because of which a pig can die.
Also, experts advise you to add lube to piglets in the bathing tank, it will protect animals from many diseases.
Taste features of bacon and meat
The meat of pigs karmaly tastes like tender veal. In the pork thin layers of fat is present, so that it makes the perfect bacon.
The fat layer on the meat of karmales is small and easy to separate from meat. The skin of the fat soft and thin, white. Piglets meat is very soft and plastic, as well as tasty and fragrant.
Karmalov meat contains a huge amount of vitamins of group B, as well as many essential minerals and amino acids. Every 100 grams of pork obtained from this hybrid contains 66% histidine, 44 - valine, 52 - threonine and tryptophan. This is what makes karmal meat not only incredibly tasty, but also useful for the human body.
Growing and breeding on the farm of this hybrid pigs, as karmaly, is a very profitable solution, since you can get for yourself and for sale tasty meat, the price of which far exceeds the cost of regular pork. In this case, due to the simplicity of this type of pigs, you will not spend all your income on their maintenance.
Where and how to buy a thoroughbred and productive pig
The acquisition of karmals is an easy task. Due to the high quality characteristics, many farms and private breeders sell young piglets. For those who want to buy the breed hybrid - many ads in the press and on the Internet. Unfortunately, the risk of acquiring a standard Korean “karma” or buying a not very healthy piglet is not excluded.
When buying a pig you need to carefully examine it.
In order not to be mistaken when choosing a real pig of this breed, it makes sense for a potential owner to pay attention to the following features:
- the tail of a small piglet is completely dry and does not fit the body, any bald spots or areas with sparse hair are unacceptable:
- even a newborn karmal cannot be bald - it is completely covered with thick wavy hair, often has a striped color,
- a good representative of the breed in infancy has long strong limbs, is characterized by mobility and a certain fussiness - these are the “flaws” that speak about excellent health
- Piglet's eyes do not have a warp or symptoms of apathy, they shine and respond vividly to others.
Distinguishing a genuine Karmala from a Korean kinsman is quite simple - one has to observe the behavior of a pig. In appearance, the newborn hybrid is similar to a three-month-old baby cub of a Korean pig, but the behavior of a newly born pig will be significantly different from a bred pig.
The Korean pig breed belongs to a visually abdominal herbivore species. In our article, you will learn about the characteristics of the breed, the rules of care for pigs of this breed and the diet of "Koreans."
In one brood, one can observe pockets of various colors.
Important! The young of a hybrid breed is distinguished by a variety of color. A sow can bring a brood in which piglets of many different colors will be present - from blue-black to ashen and ocher with contrasting stripes.
Where to breed pigs
Resistance to diseases and originality of the coat of carmales allow breeding them in any climatic conditions. Minor temperatures are not terrible for these pigs, they are happy to spend the day in the snow, without being exposed to catarrhal diseases.
Karmaly are not afraid of either heat or cold - they can be bred in all regions
Boars-producers can be used for mating with pigs of other breeds to improve the quality characteristics of animals.
Young piglets do not require vaccination against infectious or inflammatory diseases, since they have a strong immunity from birth. Upon reaching the age of puberty, they need regular vaccinations and anthelmintic treatment, especially in regions with a high virological risk.
Karmaly not affected by the incidence of major infections of pigs
Subject to periodic examinations for typical diseases (classical plague, erysipelas, tuberculosis) and timely vaccination, Karmalah can withstand complex diseases.
Breeding karmals on home farms is a progressive and effective undertaking that can provide owners with tasty meat and with a minimum of financial benefits.