There is no doubt that the launched earthen plot for planting a peach seedling must begin to be prepared carefully. First of all, you need to dig the ground near the trunk circle and then fertilize it. At the same time, the soil should be loose: thus, it will absorb moisture and air well. The tree will be fed by the top layer of the previously fertilized soil, and at the same time you will get rid of weeds that should not be present next to the peach.
Watering a peach in the summer is another key care point, for example, behind the Nizhny Novgorod fruit tree. A peach will develop well, if you water it in moderation abundantly, however regularly. For example, immediately after planting in May – June in the garden of a peach seedling, it is recommended to moisten the soil abundantly (4–5 buckets of water per one young plant).
The best option is to irrigate the substrate at certain periods: for the first time, this should be done before the flowering phase, about 10 days before the buds bloom. In the future, the frequency of irrigation will depend on weather conditions specifically in your area.
Care for a peach in the summer, and indeed throughout the year is unthinkable without regular dressing of the soil. The frequency of fertilization into the soil varies depending on the enrichment of the land: if the substrate in your backyard plot is nutritious, you can limit yourself to adding organic matter to it once every 2–3 years. But if there is still a shortage of useful components, it is better to saturate the peach trunk circle with organic and mineral mixtures annually.
Top dressing of a peach in the summer can be carried out by various complex structures. However, it is better to start enriching the soil in spring, while the buds on the tree have not yet begun to swell. It is best to place a urea solution in the ground. It will not only saturate the substrate with nitrogen, but also eliminate pests that could have settled on the plant at this point. Do not forget: it is necessary to water the peach with urea at the time when the buds are sleeping, otherwise you will simply burn the fruit tree.
What is recommended to feed the peach in the summer, so it is a mixture of superphosphate, nitrate, urea, and ammonium sulphate and manganese. So that the fruits on the tree not only have a bright skin color, but also differ in the sugar content of taste, it is possible to feed the soil in summer with a composition of potassium salt and potassium sulfate.
Do not forget from time to time to add some organic components to the ground of the trunk circle.
For example, humus and compost have a beneficial effect on the intensity of peach development. Knowing how much and how often to feed this tree, you can revive it and stimulate fruiting.
Trimming and rejuvenation
How to care for peach during the year - this question is asked by many novice gardeners. Growing a fruit peach tree will not do without timely pruning. It is recommended to remove branches in order to form the crown already in the second year after planting. In addition, this is a kind of peach rejuvenation: in the process of removing the branches, you cut dry, diseased or frozen parts of the fruit tree. Breaking peach orchard is not difficult if you know how to rejuvenate old plants.
If you know how fertile peaches grow, then you probably understand that their undoubted advantage is considered to be a good drought resistance. But the cold of the northern regions (for example, Siberia) is a plant not so well tolerated. Those who want to plant a tree should take plum, apricot, almond or quince seedlings as a stock. To do this, prepare a peach stalk and then graft it to annual or biennial seedlings of these varieties. Then reproduction will bear fruit.
Protection against diseases and pests
In order to properly care for the peach tree at home, it is necessary to learn how to handle it from the invasion of parasites and the development of various ailments, that is, in time to spray. Resistance to them is not among the advantages of the most common types of peach.
Mealy dew, monilioz, leaf curl or coccomycosis - all of these diseases can threaten the integrity of your peaches. Eliminate them, as well as colonies of parasites you get with the help of processing the green specimen with special preparations. Sprinkle trees in the spring without fail.
Preparing for winter and sun protection
How to care for peaches in spring and summer is not the only moment that should be taken into account by the domestic grower. Say what you like, but the worst thing for a peach tree is not even the invasion of insects or the development of diseases. Frost can cause serious damage to the plant.
Of course, theoretically, a green specimen lives in conditions of -25 degrees in the winter, and the spring frosts endure, but in practice the southern sapling in cold regions does not take root well. That is why it is simply necessary to take the necessary measures to protect the peach from low temperatures.
The first thing that should be remembered by a farmer who wants to cultivate peach orchards in his backyard plot is to plant a peach in areas well-lit and protected from the winds.
The best option - to root and leave the seedling near the wall or tight fence. In this case, frostbite will not threaten the tree that grows in the garden.
Care for sunny fruits in your garden
Watering the peach and caring for pristvolny circle
It is preferable to irrigate the peach along the furrows, usually for young plants 1 furrow on each side is enough, for older plants, you should install about three furrows on each side or in a circle (in the figure). Peaches are always planted in a well-filled soil, so the depth of the furrows should not exceed 10 cm, and the distance between them should be between 30 and 40 centimeters (see video).
With a clear shortage of natural rainfall and insufficient meltwater in spring, watering is done 10 days before the beginning of the flowering period, and continues periodically (with the calculation of rainfall). Watering should be necessarily suspended 2 weeks before the intended removal of fruit from the tree, since excess moisture in the soil can adversely affect the taste of the fruit.
A large mass of the roots of this plant is located at a depth of 60 cm, so for the most part in the irrigation does not use so much water. The main thing is not to overdo it, and not to turn the land into a swamp, it can completely destroy the peach root system.
Peach tree health
Plant health may depend not only on the climatic conditions in which it grows, but also on the many diseases that peaches are subject to.
Before planting, you should choose a place with no contaminated soil, and if you are planting an escape, then check it for any diseases. Care for the peach in the spring and during the growing season, the treatment and prevention of plant diseases should be carried out by spraying activities with special chemicals mixed in certain proportions.
In addition to the usual tree diseases, mycoses caused by fungi or living organisms in the tree or its shoots are also common. For example, the peach moth, which after wintering, bites into shoots in the spring, what causes their drying (on photo and video).
For the treatment of each particular disease, you should use a separate chemical substance or a combination of them, depending on the disease, purpose (treatment / prevention), time of year. Two weeks after the first spraying of diseases and pests, it is worth repeating the spraying with the same substances to fix the result.
Unfortunately, to obtain marketable peach products without permanent chemical protection is almost impossible. The first spraying should be done on a fruiting tree not in the spring, but from the autumn, during the fall of the leaves, when half of the leaves are still on the tree.
The best effect is given by the Bordeaux mixture (Bordeaux liquid - medicine No. 1 for green patients) at a concentration of 3%, since it is not washed off by rain and snow, which means that copper, which will stick to the branches and fallen leaves, will reliably protect the garden from fungal infections. In addition to spraying, the stem and large skeletal branches should also be whitened by the Bordeaux mixture, which will also prevent burns on sunny winter days from overheating and premature development of the kidneys.
The first spring spraying is carried out even before bud break - in the last decade of March. Again, the first spraying is best done with Bordeaux mixture. After 10-12 days, repeat the treatment, but using cuprose (40 ml per 10 l of water).
Such three treatments practically save peach from curl and monilia, but 100% of the effect, of course, does not guarantee. If, nevertheless, signs of curliness on the leaves begin to appear, then just before flowering (but before opening the color), it is necessary to treat the leaves with Topaz (concentration 5-6 ml per 10 l of water). This systemic fungicide gives excellent results at low temperatures. And since during the flowering of trees, bees, along with pollen, spread the spores of harmful fungi, topaz will protect your peaches from the inside and prevent diseases from developing.
Proper Peach Care
As mentioned above, caring for plantings includes a lot of different works. So, we will consider the main processes depending on the season.
At the first manifestations of diseases, micronutrient deficiencies and the invasion of insects, spray the plantations with special formulations (selected depending on the problem to be solved). Choose our right fungicide, insecticide or fertilizer and process them peach planting will help our experienced gardeners. We will cure your garden! 🙂
Works in a young garden
When planting young stock, it is important to ensure proper peach care after planting. First of all, it is advisable to plan how the crown will develop and carry out the formative pruning. By the way, the shape of a bowl with three or four skeletal branches is considered ideal. It is simple to look after such plants, and productivity exceeds all expectations.
We want to note the fact that to spare a tree when removing extra branches is not worth it. The less excess shoots pull the juice, the larger the fruits will be. However, you should not overdo it with pruning, otherwise the peach “happiness” will tragically die.
In the care of young peach, be sure to include a top dressing to activate growth and development. Spray regularly sharply smelling infusions (garlic, tobacco, onion). They will help to repel from young plants by lice, for which seedlings and young plants are in the first place on the menu.
Planting peach care in Ukraine is gaining popularity every year. This is due to the unique feature of the tree, it begins to bear fruit already for 3-4 years of life. True, the quality of the crop depends on the proper formation and periodic fertilization.
Spring care for peach involves the introduction of liquid or solid nitrogen-containing mixtures. Diluted chicken manure or rotted manure can serve as a natural fertilizer. During the summer, foliar application is applied. The garden is fed with urea (karbofos).
To improve the quality of the crop, it is important to ensure proper care for the peach: pruning should be carried out strictly twice a year (the affected branches are cut, as well as the infertile and thickening the crown), with a large number of buds they are punched by hand. It would seem that the more flowers, the higher the yield, but this is an erroneous opinion. If a peach tree can bring three buckets of fruit, you will certainly collect them. The only question is how much weight each peach will have - 200 grams or 70 grams. When thinning, keep in mind that excessive removal of buds is also ineffective. Anyway, and a peach will not be able to grow several fruits a kilogram each. Sorry
That's all the basics of care for the "sunny" garden. And let your plants bear fruits with huge amounts of delicious fruits! 🙂
Peach Care Rules
In your childhood, have you ever tried to grow a large apple tree from an apple seed or with a bone of a lemon a big tree? I spent all my childhood at the pot with the earth, trying to grow everything I ate. I tried to plant a banana, then a pomegranate, then a plum. However, my parents looked at all my pranks with food with an unconcealed smile. They talked, no matter how I licked, just to not cry.
I remembered this forever and, if not strange, but as an adult, I decided to prove that something serious could also come out of these pranks. So I decided to cultivate something from fruit. By chance it occurred to me that it would be nice to have a peach. I clearly understood that caring for a peach would be difficult, it’s not so easy to take and get a tree from a stone, but I was ready for all the difficulties.
I read some rabid amount of literature, looked at a bunch of sites about how to grow out of the stone. I stumbled upon the article "useful properties". It turns out that this representative of the flora contains a large amount of organic acids, which are very useful for the body and the condition of our skin. And it must also be added to the diet, because it improves appetite. Pediatricians recommend giving it to children for their beneficial properties.
The benefits of this plant, clearly, delights. And he has a very small calorie content, and this makes it indispensable for those who are on a diet. There are different varieties. For example, flat, fig. In fact, they are much more, just could not remember everything. It doesn't matter if it's a fruit or a berry. In short, I studied for a long time how grafting occurs, how to grow and care for it. Now I know, probably, everything, even what a peach on a peach is and how to fight it.
Top dressing is obligatory for growth. Fertilizers are needed depending on the type of soil. The poor require constant feeding, and with the help of organic fertilizers. By the way, they need to be made to the ground at the very beginning. Personally, I applied manure, a little superphosphate, and also a little bit of wood ash. Then the first years of the life of the plant each time introduced nitrogen. This all helps to cope with such a problem as diseases and pests. I was given the best care advice in my time: in the fight against jaundice and small fruits, regular application of mineral fertilizers is an excellent tool.
Let's start with the soil
For each tree in the garden, it is important to choose the right place where it will be planted, and also to find out the suitability of the land for the garden. This is influenced by the type of soil, the terrain, the proximity of groundwater and soil fertility.
It is worth noting that peach does not like raw, swampy, as well as lowland areas. For this culture, it is recommended to choose the southern corner of the site, which at the same time is well lit and protected from the wind. Peach is planted at a distance of about three meters from the rest of the plantations. It is important to know that after strawberries, clover, alfalfa, melon and solanaceous crops, peaches are not planted in the place of their previous germination for 3-4 years. It is badly reflected on the tree, and it can get sick.
Nutrients trees consume basically out of the ground в виде водного раствора, кислород и углерод получают из воздуха. Важным органическим элементом для почвы является гумус (производное процесса гниения органических остатков). С гумусом почва более темная и плодородная, возрастают ее химические, биологические, а также физические свойства. Humus accumulates by regularly feeding the earth with organic fertilizers, as well as by liming the soil.
After planting the seedling, its rhizome is spread on the sides of such a hill and covered with the lower layer of soil, while it is compacted all the time. A small pit and roller are made near the pit.that will trap moisture. The soil is plentifully watered and powdered with sawdust, leaves, peat (about 5-10 cm thick).
On the benefits of loosening the soil
It is worth noting that frequent soil loosening significantly reduces evaporation and increases water absorption. They carry out these works in the garden in early spring, using hoes, cultivators and hoppers.
During the irrigation of the peach orchard, the overmoistening of plants is unforgivable. Increased humidity leads to insufficient aeration and impairs the vital activity of the rhizome of the tree.
The goal for spring pruning of young peaches is also the formation of the crown of the plant and the stimulation of the ovary of the fruit on it. Peach can be cut only in warm, dry weather..
We protect the tree from the cold
The main enemies of peach include pests and specific diseases. The most common diseases of this fruit tree include leaf curl, monilioz, blister, powdery mildew. Pests that most often plague a given crop include aphid, flowering weevil, mites, oriental moth, fruit moth.
To fight them conduct timely chemical processing, correctly and correctly build a system of protection.
The weed is used by the pest as an intermediate plant and food, so they are removed, mowed or poisoned with the help of herbicides. Sure to tree must be removedthat grows near the root, as on it, in many cases, many varieties of aphids develop. With the same purpose, do the cleaning of the bark that remained on the trunk and skeletal branches.
Care for peach in the spring - a must and painstaking work
During the determination of the site for future planting, it is necessary to remember several rather important points: how will the plant relate to this soil, know the temperature of the soil and its humidity, as well as the width and depth of growth of the rhizome itself. At the same time, the soil is the top layer of soil in which practically the entire root mass of the berry and fruit plants is located.
The soil consists of a soil horizon, the physical property and chemical composition of which differ in fertility. It also greatly affects the distribution and nature of the growth of the root system of trees.
Go to fertilizer
The success of growth and fruiting of any tree, in general, depends on the content of trace elements in the land on which it lives. Over the years, nutrients and trace elements in the soil dry up, which in consequence leads to the depletion of the earth. Therefore, the soil in the garden requires all the time to feed and fertilize.
The fertility of the soil in the garden should be maintained by making mineral and organic fertilizers. Especially fruit trees need nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Nitrogen affects vegetative growth and the formation of fruits. A large amount of it is required in the spring, when leaves are growing vigorously, shoots and fruit are tied. Nitrogen and organic fertilizers are used to fill the soil with nitrogen. To this end, each spring ammonium nitrate is added to the near-stem circles.
Potassium absorption from carbon dioxide from air and nitrogen from the earth depends on potassium; it also increases resistance to low temperature and dry weather. Potash fertilization is carried out with the help of potash mineral fertilizers, or wood ash, which contains 10% of this element. Ash is stored in a dry corner and applied to the soil throughout the year.
In addition to plowing, in order to increase air access to the ground, every year in the garden carry out soil treatment loosening. The purpose of loosening is the removal of the waste land from the subsoil to the surface, and the introduction of soil instead of it enriched with humus with the addition of compost or manure.
Water is the most important vital element of all life on earth. It is very necessary for animals and plants. But you need to know that moisture should be exactly as much as the plant consumes. Excess moisture, as well as its insufficient quantity, leads to the death of trees.
Watering of the orchard is made regularly and fairly abundantly, especially during droughts (about 1 time for seven days). After all, in conjunction with irrigation, fertilizers provide the most effective result. Peach Tree is enough drought resistant culture, but a good harvest of its fruit is impossible without timely watering. That is why it is well watered immediately after planting. In this case, 4-5 buckets of water are poured into the basal zone.
For watering the peach garden make special grooves-depths of 8-10 cm, the length of which does not exceed 60-80 m, the distance between them is 30-40 cm. At the same time, one such furrow is dug out on both sides in each row of trees of the young garden, and 3-4 furrows are in each row of the fruit-bearing garden.
Pruning is an important step in tree care.
The peach tree loves solar heat and light, these two components are very important for its good growth and abundant harvest. A peach is planted far from old and tall trees to ensure that there is no shade for the young tree. The distance to other plants should not be less than 3 meters.
If this condition is not fulfilled, and the tree is shaded, the wood of the young shoots will not mature before the onset of autumn, flower buds will be poorly planted, which, in turn, will cause a decrease in yield, fruit quality and possible death of the plant itself.
Peach withstands cold and frost down to -25 degrees. But forget that this southern plant is not necessary.
It is advisable to plant the plant on the south side, under any wall or fence, which will also provide additional heat to the tree, as well as protect it from strong gusts of wind and cold.
They do not like sucking pests and mineral fertilizers. Minerals increase the pressure of the cell sap in the tree, and this makes it difficult for the insects to feed. The resistance of the garden to damage also increases phosphate-potassium fertilizer.
Preparation of the garden for the winter begins in the fall. Trees attentively look through, at the same time they remove broken branches, dry fruits, in which pores of many diseases are stored and pests like to winter. Then the peach culture is treated with Borodian 3% liquid, but before that, to saturate the tree with enough moisture for the winter, it must be watered.
Love your garden and care for its inhabitants. Then they will thankfully reward you with a delicious, healthy and abundant harvest.
The peach tree is one of the oldest garden cultures that man cultivates. At first, this fruit plant was grown only in warm subtropical countries. But for many years, peaches are grown and with us.
This was possible due to the fact that the cold-resistant varieties of this tasty fruit were bred. Despite this, the peach tree is still a thermophilic and very delicate culture that requires special care and care. That is why it is necessary to help him with proper care and feeding.
For the first time the soil is fertilized, preparing the ground for planting a young tree. The peach tree is a southern plant in its origin that loves warmth and is not very resistant to strong drops in temperature. Therefore, the peach is planted in the spring, somewhere in the middle of April, when the ground has melted and dried out.
For this purpose, even in the fall, six weeks before the first frosts, prepare a pit for planting. Humus or compost is put into it in the amount of 15-25 kg, nitrogenous, phosphoric and micronutrient fertilizers - about 100-300 g each. All this is thoroughly mixed with the fertile top layer of earth and poured into a heap on the very bottom of the pit. A peg is driven into the center of the pit, to which after planting a seedling is tied up.
Phosphorus is involved in the division of cells of any plant, and affects the formation of flower buds, as well as the development of fruits. Phosphate dressing has a huge impact on the size of the crop and its quality, namely the sweetness and safety of the fruit. Working solution of phosphorus is processed peach leaves before flowering, at air temperature not higher than 25 degrees.
Very useful fertilizers for soil are compost, manure, slurry and green manure culture. They are all classified as organic fertilizers. They enrich the soil with nutrients, improve air and water regimes, the physical condition of the soil, and also supply trees with carbon dioxide. They are made regularly, from the very beginning of fruit bearing trees.
On fertile soil organic feeding is done once every 2-3 yearsand where the soil is poor - every year. Bring them in early spring or by digging in late autumn. To enrich the land with nutrients and maintain the soil structure with green manure, grass crops are sown every 2-3 years in the garden. In the case of simultaneous organic and mineral supplements, mineral fertilizers are applied in half the amount.
The plot of land on which the peach tree will be planted, as well as any other garden culture, is firstly leveled, freed from shrubs, large stones and stumps, if any. Next, produce plowing, which is called plantage, i.e. dig up the soil depth of 70-75 cm.
Deep fertile soils limit plowing under the name of semi-planar, it implies digging the soil depth of 45-50 cm.
Another important task of loosening is increasing air access to the soil and destroying the soil crust, as well as destroying the sprouts and weed roots. Due to the fact that the peach root zone should be trimmed from various weeds, loosening is used as an effective method in combating them.
Go to the watering
During the growing season, watering of peaches is made several times, the first - before flowering, about 10 days. Then the trees are watered periodically during the spring and the whole summer, depending on the amount of precipitation.
An important step in the spring care of a peach tree is pruning the crown and branches. It is produced, as a rule, annually. So remove branchesand stimulate the formation of new shoots.
The best period for this procedure is early spring (early March). This is the period when there is no danger of the return of winter frosts, which leads to re-freezing of the tree. If the air temperature was frosty up to -18 degrees and part of the kidneys are freezing, pruning is transferred to the beginning of the growing season - at this time the degree of frostbite and the number of branches required for cutting will be better seen.
We protect from the sun
Peach the tree is very thermophilic and can freeze in the winter. Deciduous and flower buds of the tree and rhizome are most susceptible to freezing. Knowing this from the very beginning, for the safe growth and full development of this culture, choose the appropriate place for planting a tree. It should be well lit by the sun and be protected from the wind.
For the most comfortable development and growth of the peach tree when planting it is necessary to avoid low-lying places, stagnant cold air, as well as marshy areas in which the soil is wetted.
Fighting pests and diseases
To prevent pests from multiplying, the garden area needs to be kept clean all the time. When weeds are clogged in gardens, especially perennial species, the most suitable conditions for the development of pests are created, especially aphids.
With the preventive purpose to protect trees from many of the listed diseases and pests, produce pruning, removal of affected branches, destruction of rotten, diseased fruits and leaves, treatment of gum wounds.
Is always near the peach is harvested mulch. During severe frosts, it can protect the rhizome and the tree itself from freezing, but not earlier, since mulching in warm, wet weather can lead to decay of the radical neck and still contribute to the development of various fungal diseases.
For the winter, it is desirable to cover the peach sacking. For this, pine needles, spruce branches and other suitable material are still widely used. This will protect the tree from winter adversity and protect it from the low temperatures that occur in the spring.
How to spray a peach spring from curly
In a bucket of water dissolve 300 grams copper sulphate and spoon of laundry detergent for better adhesion. Generously treat with the solution all the branches and the trunk. Spray peach need several times at the beginning of the growing season.
- First time process copper vitriol very early in February and March.
- Second time - in the pink cone phase with strobilurins Kvadris or Strobe. This is one of the safest, but effective systemic fungicides.
- Third time peach is sprayed with a weak mullein infusion or extract from biohumus after fruit set. This will increase the resistance of the peach to disease. How to spray apricot for diseases in the spring, read here.
Cool folk remedy against peach curl - decoction yarrow. Boil a large zhmenyu of dry grass for 5 minutes in 3 liters of water. Insist two hours and generously spray branches and leaves.
Before processing the curly leaves need to be torn off. After a week or two, repeat the procedure. It is possible to spray a peach with a broth of a yarrow during any period of vegetation.
Proper care for spring peach will provide a bountiful harvest
How to cut a peach
Peach fruits on last year's growth. But the problem is that the new growth is terribly branching in the summer. New shoots make their way from virtually every bud. Having given fruits, the branch becomes bare and will give fruits at the very tip - a new growth.
Therefore, to get a harvest of peaches, it must cut in the pink cone phasewhen it is already visible which branches have already sprouted their own and do not bloom, but only take on nutrients.
Peach is very photophilous. Thick crown plus fungal damage leads to a strong weakening of the tree and it dies. Therefore, the peach crown is formed in a bowl-shaped form, and approximately the same volume of branches is annually maintained with pruning.
How to grow a strong and healthy peach
Step 1 . Choose quality seedling with a powerful root system.
Step 2 . Plant in a clever pit. A clever pit is a deep, generously filled with manure and mineral water, a landing pit with good drainage and a pipe brought up to the point for deep irrigation of the root system.
Grow seedling. The fact is that the peach inherits 60% of the maternal properties. Important: the bones need to be planted immediately where you plan to grow a peach, so that the seedling does not have to be dug out and thereby damage the taproot. And it is precisely the basis of a strong and healthy tree.
In the autumn dig into the prepared pit 3-4 bones in a layer of sand. Humble from above. And in the spring choose the strongest seedling, and remove the rest.
Step 3 . Constantly add manure to the circle, mulch the soil and water it abundantly.
Step 4 . Cut off the extra fruit. Like no other crop, peach does not tolerate overload. Do not regret the fruit, the load rate for the tree is 1 fruit per 15 cm of the branch. How to increase the yield of apricots, we wrote in this material.
Source: N.I. Kurdyumov "Forming instead of trimming"
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