There are many varieties of carrots. Some of them are popular with summer residents due to their unpretentiousness, others - remarkable taste. The third ones are universal and suitable both for fresh consumption, and for long-term storage and canning. All these three qualities combined Samson carrots. Reviews of her gardeners just wonderful. According to domestic summer residents, this is the most delicious variety of all unpretentious.
What kind of selection?
So what is a carrot Samson? Description of the variety will give a little lower. First, let's see where it came from in the domestic market and what kind of company supplies its seeds. The manufacturer of planting material of this variety is the largest agricultural corporation Bejo Zaden. This Dutch company has branches in many countries of the world. She specializes in seed production and breeding. Currently, it employs more than 800 people (200 - abroad). Seeds are delivered to the markets of different states by distributors. Basically, this manufacturer specializes in the production of carrots, beets and cabbage. In Russia, the seeds of this company are imported, for example, by the commercial company CJSC Beyo Semena.
The carrot belongs to Samson, the responses of which among summer residents are very good, to the nantest variety. That is, it has long (up to 20 cm) cylindrical roots with a blunt end. The main distinctive feature of this carrot is very sweet, tender, juicy flesh. The color of the root vegetable is orange. The core in it is very thin and fits snugly to the pulp. Carrots can be stored in a cool place until next year. It is often used in cooking hot dishes and salads, as well as in canning cabbage, eggplant, pepper, etc. You can pickle or salt this carrot separately, in its pure form.
When grown root crop is completely immersed in the ground. Its weight can reach 125-150 g. It refers to a variety of mid-ripening. Dry matter contains 10%.
Variety Samson is currently considered one of the leaders of world breeding. Its yield is as much as 40% higher than that of the popular Nantes carrot 4. The ripening period is 110-120 days.
Samson carrots: gardeners reviews
Opinions from domestic gardeners on this carrot were just wonderful. Its inhabitants praise both the European part of the country and the southern regions, as well as the Urals and Siberia. Not bad germination, large size, as well as high yields of this variety. The gardeners also like the not-so-usual form of the root with a blunt tip, never rotting during storage.
Many people use this carrot to make sweet juices and mashed potatoes. The fruits of this variety are even, but have small tubercles. Samson carrots are stored, reviews of the taste qualities of which are simply excellent, according to summer residents, not bad. However, somewhat inferior in this regard to late-ripening varieties of domestic selection. According to most, it is best suited for fresh consumption, as well as for pickling cabbage, as it gives a lot of juice.
Out of the minuses, summer residents point out mainly the impossibility to buy seeds of this variety. In small towns find them problematic. Therefore, many people order this carrot over the Internet. If you wish, you can find seeds, both ordinary and granulated, on the Net.
How and when to plant?
Like most other varieties, Samson carrots, reviews (photos of root crops can be seen on the page), which can be judged as one of the best to date, are planted in the middle lane in mid-to late April immediately in open ground. The best predecessors for her are cabbage, cucumber and potatoes. It is not recommended to plant carrots next to dill. Fertile friable soils or loams are best suited for growing Samson. The bed is recommended to fertilize only mineral compounds. Organic carrots do not like feedings. When manure or compost is introduced into the soil, root crops grow ugly, shaggy, lose taste and are very poorly stored. It is recommended to plant carrots of this variety, like any other, on a plot well cleared of weeds. To weed young seedlings is extremely difficult. If grass grows on a bed, it can simply “score” the landing.
For planting, of course, it is better to choose Samson granulated carrot seeds. Reviews of such material from summer residents is better than usual. Indeed, in this case it is not necessary to thin out the landing. The seeds are submerged in the soil by about 1-2 cm. Then they are covered with earth, carefully watered the bed and pass it upside down with a rake, slightly compacting the soil.
Samson carrots planted with ordinary seeds are thinned twice a season. The first time - after the emergence of seedlings, the second - after the roots reach a centimeter in diameter. The last time the operation is carried out in such a way that between plants there is at least 5-6 cm of free space. This will allow each root to develop normally.
Samson carrots are fertilized immediately after germination and a couple of weeks after that. In the summer, as in planting, use mineral fertilizers. You can take a comprehensive.
Watering a variety of carrots Samson (reviews confirm this) requires, and quite plentiful. It is impossible to allow the soil to dry out, especially at the beginning of growth. In rainy periods, watering can be done less often, in arid it will have to be done more often.
In central Russia, the carrot Samson, described above, begins to ripen in mid-summer. In July, it can already be pulled out on salads and zazharki. Dig carrots in August, gently hooking with a shovel. Root crops laid out on the edges of the beds for drying, and then remove the tops and put them in boxes in the cellar for storage. Capacities can be used both plastic, and wooden or metal. The main thing that they were lattice. In the cellar, it is desirable to decompose tablets from rodents.
And what can you make from tasty root vegetables?
How to make mashed potatoes?
To prepare this dish, you will need to take 2 Samson carrots, 30 ml of milk, salt and one teaspoon of olive oil. Mashed as follows:
- Carrots are thoroughly washed and scrape off the upper skin.
- Then it is cut into small cubes, put into a pan and poured with water so that the product is covered completely.
- Put the pot on a slow fire and wait for boiling water.
- Finished carrots rubbed through a sieve.
- Boiled milk and olive oil are added to gruel.
- All mix thoroughly.
Keep mashed potatoes need in the refrigerator.
A quick way to pickle cabbage with carrots
As already mentioned, this variety is often used when pickling cabbage. Samson root juice gives the mass a pleasant orange hue, and also improves its palatability. Next we present to your attention a recipe for quick pickling cabbage with carrots of this variety. For canning you will need to prepare:
- white cabbage - 1.5 kg,
- carrots - 3 pcs.,
- sugar - 100 g,
- vegetable oil - 100 ml,
- vinegar - 100 ml (9%),
- black pepper - 5 peas,
- garlic - 3 teeth
- salts - 1.5 tbsp. lt
- water - 500 ml.
Cabbage needs to be cut into strips, carrots - grated, and garlic - cut into thin slices. Next, all the vegetables are mixed and gently pressed down so that a little juice is formed. Brine is prepared as follows:
- water is poured into the cup
- salt, sugar and pepper fall asleep,
- the container is set on fire and boiled for a couple of minutes,
- Add oil and vinegar to the hot mixture.
After re-boiling the brine is poured into vegetables. Next, the mass is thoroughly mixed and transferred into an enamel pan. On top of the vegetables with pickle need something to pin down. Under pressure, cabbage should stand for about 7-8 hours. Then it can be transferred to glass jars.
Well, we hope, we have quite extensively answered the question of what constitutes a carrot Samson. Characteristic, reviews of it are now known to you. As you can see, this root is very unpretentious, tasty and for growing in Russia, of course, suitable. Reviews of this variety from domestic gardeners only positive. Seeds in the absence of specialized stores is very easy to purchase via the Internet.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Description and characteristics of Samson carrots:
- harvesting period - 110 days from the first shoots,
- a cylindrical root with a blunt end, reaches 20 cm in length,
- weight - 120-150 grams,
- the main feature of the variety is orange juicy flesh, very sweet, without voids,
- the leaves are bright green with a half-branching rosette,
- crop yield, with 1 square. meters can be obtained up to 8 kg
- the carotene content is 11.5%, dry matter content is 10.6%.
Advantages and disadvantages of carrots Samson
The advantages include:
- high yielding
- unpretentious care,
- the variety is grown both in the southern regions and in Siberia,
- blunt end never rot during prolonged storage,
- ideal for making juices, mashed potatoes, fresh consumption and for pickling cabbage, as the variety is very juicy and produces a large amount of juice.
The disadvantages include only one: Samson carrot seeds, because of their popularity, are very difficult to find in stores.The grade is high-yielding, unpretentious in leaving, the stupid end never decays at long storage
Preparing the soil for sowing
Carrots - culture cold-resistant. Planted in open ground at the end of April or before the winter. Under the winter planted when the air temperature drops to +5 degrees.
The soil for sowing should be loose, fertile or sandy with neutral or weakly acid reaction. Before sowing it is necessary to get rid of weeds.
The clay soil forms an earthy lump when it dries out, which makes it difficult for the seeds to germinate.
The soil must contain a sufficient amount of organic matter and trace elements, have a good drainage system and should not be very heavy.
With a lack of organic and mineral fertilizers there is a slowdown in growth. With an excess of organics there is a massive increase in green mass and the emergence of the worst enemy root-carrot flies.The soil for sowing should be loose, fertile or sandy with a neutral or slightly acid reaction.
Where to get seeds?
Many gardeners ask the question: "Where can I get the seeds?". The first option, the easiest - in the store, the second - to grow independently.
For self-cultivation, it is necessary to plant the root crop "saddle". A medium-sized root vegetable is kept in a warm place for several days in early spring and then planted in the ground.
Vegetable gives roots and eventually throws the arrow, similar to dill, which formed the seeds. In the fall, the arrow is cut, the seeds are cleaned. from debris and leave for storage until planting.Seeds can be bought in the store or grow yourself
Sowing can be done both in spring and in winter.. For quick germination, you must follow simple rules.
Conduct heat treatment: the seeds are wrapped in a rag and dipped for a few minutes in hot water, and then immediately in cold water.
This procedure allows the seeds to quickly rise and protects them from all sorts of diseases.
- they make grooves, tamp them and spill them well,
- sowing is carried out at a depth of 1.5-2 cm,
- distance between the seeds - 2 cm, between the rows - 20-25 cm,
- after sowing, the seeds are immediately covered with earth, so that the soil does not dry out, and they are well shed with warm water, by sprinkling.
Samson root crop is not whimsical to care, but like other plants needs constant watering.
Weed removal should be carried out only after watering.
Thinning and weeding done twice per season. If you do not adhere to this rule, the carrots will be ugly, and the harvest is pitiable.
First weeding produced at emergence. It is convenient to do this with tweezers. Before the procedure, the bed is spilled and pulled out of the seedlings strictly upwards, leaving a distance between them of 2-3 cm.
The second is carried out 20 days after sowing seeds, when plants grow 7-8 cm. Thinning is best done in the evening or in the morning.Thinning and weeding is done twice a season, preferably in the evening or in the morning.
Disease and Prevention
Common carrot diseases include:
Fungal disease - the fork of the stems is defeated, forming gray-brown spots. Necrotic spots make the stem brittle and dry. From the tops of the fungus penetrates the root.
The disease is dangerous for the root, which is grown to form seeds. In case of late recognition of the disease, the fungus infects the whole bed of seed plants.
Phosphorus and potash fertilizers reduce the risk of all fungal diseases, and an excess dose of nitrogenous fertilizers - contribute to the appearance of fomoz.Fungal disease fomoz
The disease is caused by a fungus.. The disease occurs when the weather is wet and hot. Black rot leads to a decrease in sugar and keratin in carrots. The plant dries up, and the root grows small and ugly.
The disease spreads quickly when air humidity is 85% and air temperature is above +20 degrees. The treatment is in the treatment of plants with a solution of "Falcon" and "Prozaro".
The first signs of the disease can be found on the leaves.. The leaves become brittle and become a dirty-brown color. The disease leads to rotting of the root.
Prevention of all diseases:
- plant carrots in the same place can only be at the coming of four years,
- infected plants are burned immediately,
- before planting need disinfection of seeds,
- spraying the plants with the solution “Immunocytophot” or “Epin-extra”,
- timely feeding of plants,
- seed plants must be taken only from healthy plants.
Agronomists believe that the carrot "Samson" is best suited for growing in central Russia. In terms of ripening, the variety belongs to the medium early - from the appearance of seedlings to the maturity stage, 110-120 days pass. The green part is a semi-sprawling outlet. Fruits are cylindrical in shape.
Description of root crops
Carrots in the mature stage have a beautiful bright orange color. The fruits have a flat cylindrical shape and rather large in size. On average, the length of each root is 25 cm. The tip is slightly pointed, the surface is mostly smooth. The weight of each carrot is 125-200 grams.
Features of growing
Before planting seeds it is necessary to dig a bed. The soil should be light and very loose. In most regions of Russia, sowing is carried out in the middle of spring. It is also permissible to sow seeds in November, when the temperature does not rise above 5 degrees. After spring sowing, sprouts appear after 7-14 days. During this period, the first thinning is recommended.
After the second thinning between plants should be at least 5-7 cm. During the growing season it is very important to feed the carrots. To get a good harvest, it is important to fertilize and water regularly.
Large-fruited varieties (including Samson) are demanding for watering. Usually, you need to moisten the soil every 2 days. In dry periods, watering is carried out daily.
The variety "Samson" prefers only mineral fertilizers. During the growing season, dressing is carried out at least 4 times. The first time, in June, make nitrogen composition. And all subsequent - potash fertilizers. The final time feeding is carried out 30 days before picking root crops.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Good seed germination.
- Frost resistance of seedlings.
- Excellent taste.
- Universal application.
- Fruits are well kept.
- Excellent presentation (all fruits of the same size and shape).
- Resistance to major diseases.
- Seeds can be difficult to purchase.
- The high cost of seeds compared with similar varieties.
The variety "Samson" is suitable for private cultivation in vegetable gardens and farms. Many grow this variety for sale, because the roots have an excellent presentation and are well stored for a long time.
For several years she worked as a television program editor with leading producers of ornamental plants in Ukraine. At the dacha, of all types of agrarian works, prefers harvesting, but for the sake of this, she is ready to regularly weed, pick, pinch, water, tie up, thin out, etc. I am convinced that the most delicious vegetables and fruits are home grown!
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