- How to care for strawberries after harvest: watering, pruning, dressing
- How to feed strawberries after harvesting
- How to feed strawberries after cutting the leaves
The first thing to do with a strawberry after harvest is to weed the bed if it is not mixed with film. Most experienced gardeners know that weeding strawberries is not recommended during fruiting. Therefore, by the time the crop is harvested, the beds are usually overgrown with weeds. Organic mulch from the beds after weeding or before it should be removed. Next you need to loosen the soil.
It is natural that the strawberries are very weakened after picking berries. Therefore, the main task of the gardener in this period is to try to restore plant strength as fully as possible.
Strawberry care after harvest: main activities
To support weakened plants, the summer resident at the end of the season should:
- water them properly
- spend the autumn feeding,
- trim the bushes.
Also in some cases, on a site in August - September, preventive strawberry treatment is carried out from pests and diseases.
How to water
Moisten the soil under the strawberries during this period should be properly. In order for plants to quickly regain their strength, watering should be infrequent, but abundant. Moisten the ground in the garden should be about once every 1-2 weeks. At the same time you need to pour strawberries as carefully as possible. Surface irrigation will not give any results during this period.
What and when to feed
The weakened strawberries need a lot of nutrients. Therefore, the plants at the end of the season must be fed. Fertilizing this crop in August or September is usually organic. As at any other time, strawberry responds best during this period to chicken manure or horse manure. In extreme cases, you can use, of course, and mullein.
Mineral dressings can also be useful at this time. Instead of organic matter, for example, it is allowed to use ammofosku.
It is not necessary to make an infusion of horse or cow dung to feed strawberries after picking berries. Pieces of such fertilizer can be simply spread out along the beds between the rows and under the bushes. Subsequently, the autumn rains will dissolve and dissolve the organic matter.
Chicken dung is an excellent answer to the question of how to care for strawberries after harvest in terms of nutrient replenishment. However, this fertilizer is very strong. Therefore, to facilitate dosing, it is still worth preparing a solution from it. For feeding strawberries this type of organic matter should, as usual, be diluted with water in a ratio of 1:20. Consumption after picking berries should be about one bucket for 8-10 bushes.
Mineral fertilizers are applied to the beds by scattering over the surface of the earth, followed by incorporation into the soil with hoe and abundant irrigation. So that the crust does not form on the soil, after this procedure strawberries should be mulched with needles or peat.
Strawberries after harvest really need nutrients. However, the vegetative processes in plants by the fall begin to slow down gradually. Therefore, strawberries are usually fed only once during this period.
Fertilizing in the beds can be at any time after picking berries. However, it should be borne in mind that the last in the season liquid feeding chicken droppings should be carried out a maximum until mid-September. Dry mullein, horse manure and mineral fertilizers can be applied later.
How to care for strawberries after harvest: pruning
Immediately after the strawberries cease to bear fruit, the plants need to remove all dried and damaged leaves. The main pruning of this culture is usually done at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn. Wherein:
Mustache from strawberries should be removed in the fall necessarily. The fact is that they greatly weaken the plants. Leaving the mustache on the strawberry before winter is only when there is a need to expand the planting. And in this case, most of the shoots should be removed. For breeding on strawberries leave only very strong mustache in not too large quantities.
Cut off these processes from strawberries should be as low as possible to the ground with a sharp shears. Cut the mustache is not worth it. Otherwise, you can easily damage the roots of the plant. After all, it will surely be, albeit slightly, “stretch out” from the ground after the process.
The strawberries themselves are cut in such a way that a part of the bush about 5 cm high remains above the ground. This pruning should be done for strawberries starting from the second year after planting. Plants of the first year for the winter are left uncircumcised.
Both viral and fungal diseases can affect strawberries. Victoria after harvest weakened. And consequently, it can easily catch some infection. Therefore, after the berries are picked, they usually carry out complex prophylaxis of plants using universal preparations. This may be, for example, "Nitrofen". In those areas where strawberries often become infected with powdery mildew, it is additionally advisable to use Topaz.
Also at the end of the season you can carry out preventive treatment of plants from pests. For this it is best to use karbofos or "Aktellik."
Strawberries are harvested after harvesting, usually only in areas that are quite problematic in terms of incidence and pests. On the safe, these procedures are not considered mandatory. However, to remove from the beds and burn all the garbage, as well as to carry out a deep loosening, of course, is in this garden.
Care after picking berries in July
In July, after strawberry fruiting, the following care is taken, which corresponds to this period:
- mustache trimming
- dried leaves
- top dressing
- hilling strawberries.
In July, after the berries are picked, new leaves grow, new horns form, the growth of whiskers with side rosettes increases and new flower buds are laid.
First weeding the beds. Excess whiskers and dried leaves are removed. Reddened leaves are removed first. Cutting off the foliage and mustache is impossible, you can only cut, otherwise the bush will be damaged and will hurt.
For cutting taken sharp scissors or pruner. Older leaves to avoid breeding pests better to burn. If the young leaves curl or take a corrugated form, this is an indicator of infection with strawberry mite and the plants should be treated with acaricides.
If the central leaflets turn yellow, the stalks are thickened and short, this is a sign of nematode. At the same time, the plant is dug, treated with boiling water and removed from the site.
After pruning, old mulch is removed from the beds. The soil around the strawberries is loosened, fertilized, watered.
Inter-rows are loosened 10 centimeters deep. Around the plant, loosening is done at 5 centimeters. Bushes pile up.
In this case, the roots should be completely closed, and the upper part of the bush should remain above the ground. This is especially true for plants that have been growing for more than a year, as their root system begins to protrude above the ground.
Mineral fertilizers with trace elements are used for fertilizing. Per square meter is about 30 grams of fertilizer. For this purpose, a special fertilizer for garden strawberries, Fertika, ammophoska is suitable.
Fertilizers containing potassium chloride cannot be used, since it slows down growth and impairs fruiting. Fertilizers are embedded in the soil at a depth of about 6 centimeters.
In addition to these fertilizers, you can use last year's humus. He crumbles from above. It will improve the structure of the soil and make it more fertile.
Also on the beds you can make feeding from diluted chicken droppings (15 parts of water and 1 part of the litter). When feeding, we must not forget that this solution should not fall on the foliage, otherwise the plants will burn, which provokes the development of disease. High concentration of the solution can generally destroy the bush. Therefore, this type of feeding is applied less frequently.
In dry weather, the beds are watered. Soil moisture should be maintained until the end of the season. Watering is done once a week by a bucket of one square meter.
For best effect, you can use drip irrigation. This type of irrigation will allow you to get the right amount of moisture and at the same time the plants do not rot, because the soil does not swamp.
The soil around the bushes is mulched with crushed grass, peat, straw.
Strawberry care in August
To get a bountiful harvest of strawberries next year requires proper care. Last month of summer is best suited for this.
- leaf pruning
- mustache transplant,
- preparation of plants for wintering.
Old leaves are pruned. If varieties grow in groups, early varieties are processed first. Then come the middle and late varieties, it will allow to evenly care for the plants and not allow them to outgrow, which leads to the threat of infection by diseases, pests.
The mustache is cut off with an indent of 10 centimeters from the base of the bush. After pruning on the bush remains young foliage and pith (horns).
Mustaches with new rosettes and young roots are deposited to form young bushes. To do this, select the strongest instances, the weak ones are removed.
For better yields after harvesting the bush remains the strongest mustache. From it will grow a new uterine bush to replace the old one. Such an operation is performed every three years.
To protect plants from various pests, fungi, powdery mildew and stains, therapeutic and prophylactic spraying of strawberries is performed.
For spraying, such drugs as Karbofos or Aktellik are used, this is protection from weevil and strawberry mite, Azocene and Topaz are used for the prevention and control of powdery mildew, one-percent solution of lime and copper vitriol rescues bushes and berries from rot, spotting.
Top dressing of bushes during this period increases the degree of frost resistance of the plant and promotes the formation of flower buds.
Fertilizers are taken with nitrogen fertilizers (a strong solution of urea is not suitable).
Complex mineral fertilizers should include: 1 part of nitrogen, 2 parts of phosphorus, 4 parts of potassium. In the finished version, it can be: Fusco, Autumn, Autumn. All of these drugs except the basics contain other useful substances.
Fertilizer Autumn does not contain nitrogen in its composition, which makes it possible to use it even in a later period, but this preparation contains in its composition all the elements that are necessary for the growth and good fruiting of strawberries.
In the form of organic fertilizers suitable: peat, horse manure in granules, humus, bone meal.
Avian droppings are not used to avoid excess nitrogen.
Mineral and organic fertilizers should not be mixed. In rare cases, when the soil is depleted, mineral and organic supplements are applied over the entire area of the beds. If the strawberry planting area is quite large, this mixture can also be used.
After feeding the plants are closed with mulch, and for wintering the bushes are covered with leaves, needles, potato tops, straw. Dry weather is chosen for the shelter, otherwise the layer can be compressed and cause the formation of pests and diseases within the layer or lead to rot of the roots.
The layer of mulch covering the plants from frost should be at least 7 centimeters. In addition to mulch, non-woven material is used, for example, spunbond.
Care for remontant strawberries after picking berries
The repair strawberry differs from standard varieties in that it gives several harvests per year. Proper care guarantees not only abundant harvests, but also the formation of new bushes, which allows you to quickly dissolve this variety on the site.
For a second and third good result, flower stalks are carefully thinned.
After each fruiting, reddened and diseased leaves are removed from the bushes. First order whiskers remain on the mother bush. It is best to root them in prepared cups for further seating. After the end of the season, the cups are collected, the mustache is cut off from the main bush and can be planted in prepared beds.
When caring for the remontant strawberry, watering should be done more often than when watering standard varieties, but less plentifully. For irrigation it is better to take heated water. The soil must be hydrated, but not swamped, otherwise the root system of strawberries may begin to rot.
Remontnye varieties of strawberries are demanding to fertilizers and must be supplied with potassium and nitrogen constantly. When preparing the soil for planting new plants phosphate fertilizers are added.Do not leave the bushes with berries in the snow
After collecting the last autumn harvest from plants, it is necessary to cut off all foliage, flower stalks and cover the bushes with a special non-woven material that will protect the plants from frost.
Comparative strawberries in comparison with simple varieties have a short period of life and after two years the plants must change new ones. Some varieties do not give a mustache and care for them more simple, but seeds are used for their reproduction, which complicates the breeding process.
July, August is suitable for renewing strawberry plantations. By autumn, the bushes take root and easily tolerate winter.
When preparing for winter, stalks and leaves break from the mother bushes. Bushes pile up so that the roots are covered with soil. But the core at the same time must remain open, otherwise it will begin to rot. Prepared beds closed foliage, grass.
Rebuilding strawberries, in addition to the standard method of growing, can grow on trellis, columns, in tunnels.
To protect plants on the trellis on both sides of the strawberry, protective plants are planted, such as corn, which remains to winter and additionally saves strawberries from freezing.
After the last fruiting, the strawberry is covered with a breathable non-woven material that saves the planting from freezing. When grown in tunnels, fruiting lasts until the first frost.
In the warm period of Indian summer, covering material is lifted from one side for air circulation. Even with a decrease in temperature under the material, strawberries ripen completely and do not lose their taste.
Both remontant and standard strawberry varieties require constant maintenance, especially for the period after fruiting, as the plants are depleted, grow and can start to hurt.
With careful and careful care, the yield increases, the size of the berries even of small varieties becomes larger, the fruits are saturated with moisture and sweetness.
There are a lot of strawberry varieties and in every region, even quite cool ones, you can choose the appropriate option that will please you with a tasty and fragrant harvest.
General rules for caring for strawberries after harvest
With the harvest of the last berries, the preparation of the strawberry bushes for the next year’s harvest immediately begins, as with the arrival of spring of strength for the growth of young foliage, strawberries take flowering and fruiting from the accumulated stocks of last year’s season.
therefore the struggle for the next harvest must begin immediately after the harvest and it consists in that before the winter strawberry bushes have time to build up a good root system and stock up on nutrients.
To do this, immediately after harvesting you must:
- if the beds with strawberries were covered with mulch material (straw, sawdust) it is better to remove it now, since it could have accumulated diseases and pests,
- weed beds with strawberries to remove weeds, because they take food from the soil,
- soil loosening it is necessary to perform under the bushes and between rows for better air exchange of the roots, this should be done carefully, trying not to damage the root system and at the same time it is necessary to spud strawberry bushes, sprinkling the growing roots on the ground (the main thing is not to fill the heart),
- remove old foliage and extra mustache,
- do timely watering strawberry beds,
- feed plants,
- perform a series of treatments strawberries in order to avoid plant diseases and pest control.
Foliar and whisker removal, pruning scheme
Strawberries in the garden update the leaves three times per season.: spring, summer and autumn. On average, the life expectancy of strawberry leaves is 60-70 days, after which they age and die.
Spring foliage regrowth plays a major role for fruiting. In the period after fruiting comes the second stage of the formation of new foliage - this is the period of laying flower buds and the accumulation of nutrients of the future harvest. Autumn foliage is important for good wintering bushes.
Signs of leaf aging are the appearance of whitish, red or red spots on them. While the leaves die off naturally, they take away additional nutrients from the plant and deplete the plants. therefore preferably 2-3 days after the end of fruiting, remove old leaves from the otter bearing busheswithout damaging the growing young leaves and hearts.The scheme of cutting the old leaves of garden strawberries and whiskers
Along with the leaves, remove the extra mustache. Если необходим посадочный материал для увеличения клубничной плантации или замены старых кустов на новые, нужно оставлять первую розетку от материнского куста. Она самая сильная и урожайная.All the remaining grown mustaches are removed so that they do not deplete the mother bush, which is so weakened by fruiting.
As a result of mowing the leaves, we partially get rid of diseases and pests.populated by aging foliage.
Pruning produce pruners, if strawberry beds are not large. If the size of the berry plantations exceed the ability to process them manually, trimming process will help to perform an electric trimmer or gas mower.
Do I need watering in the fall?
The land on strawberry beds should be wet, since after fruiting and trimming the foliage, the plants should recover as quickly as possible, lay fruit buds, build up the root system. Watering should be abundant, at least once a week during dry periods.. In order to avoid sunburn of leaves you need to water in the morning or evening hours. After watering, loosening the beds is necessary to prevent the formation of a crust on the soil surface. To maintain the soil under the berry bushes in a wet and loose state, it is best to mulch the beds.
Mulching is the best way to preserve moisture.
The mulch soil becomes more loose. In the process of decomposition of mulch in the soil, nutrients accumulate and are enriched with useful microorganisms. Mulching inhibits weed growth, which makes planting easier. Berry beds look more aesthetically pleasing.
In the role of mulch can be used sawdust, straw, chopped dry grass (if there is a lawn, then after it is cut, grass should be dragged into the sun and spread out between the bushes and between the rows), compost or leaf humus, and pine needles. You can cover the ground under the bushes spandbondom (it is better to black, weeds practically do not grow under it) or to lay new plantings of strawberries at once on high ridges covered with black covering material.
Fertilizing after fruiting
In the post-harvest period, the strawberry bushes are weakened, all forces are spent on fruiting. To restore plants, stimulate growth processes and bookmark flower buds during this period, fertilizing is especially needed.
Experienced gardeners recommend feeding three times. Immediately after pruning the leaves in August, you need to feed nitrogen fertilizers to stimulate the growth of young foliage.. Two weeks after the first do fertilizing with organic matter with the addition of phosphorus and potassium, it will contribute to the establishment of flower buds. In mid-September, perform the third dressing solution mullein.
Options feedings many choices for you. Uhthen there may be mineral supplements or organic.
- Ammofoska - contains in its composition nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, as well as magnesium, calcium, sulfur. Consumption of 20–30 grams per 1 m 2 in dry form is scattered on the beds, then buried in the soil and irrigated. You can water the bushes with a watering can by preparing a solution at the rate of 20 grams (matchbox) of fertilizer for 10 liters of water.
- Nitrophoska and nitroammofoska at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water.
- There are and special mineral fertilizers for strawberries, containing all the fertilizers needed for it.
It can be worn both in dry form for mulching between rows, and as an infused solution.
To prepare the solution, one part of the mullein is poured with 10 parts of water., insist the mixture a day, after which the solution can be made under the plants. In this infusion, to enrich it with microelements, you can add one part of the ash.
In the dry form under the growing bushes it is better not to make, because you can burn the roots and destroy the landing. For the preparation of infusion 1 part of bird droppings bred in 10 parts of water and insist at least two days. Then, 1 liter of the solution is diluted in 10 liters of water and the plants are watered.
- Herbal Infusion.
In a barrel or other large container, grass is laid up to half the volume (weeds from weeding, nettles mowed from the lawn), ash is added, water is poured all up to full volume and left to wander in the sun for 10 days. You can add 200 grams of yeast per barrel. They will speed up the fermentation process and enrich the extract with microorganisms. The finished infusion is diluted in a 1: 1 ratio with water and watered strawberry bushes.. Infusion not only fertilizes plants, but also contributes to the deoxidation of the soil.
It is useful to make wood ash on strawberry beds, which is rich in potash-phosphate fertilizers and trace elements, helps reduce soil acidity. Bring ash after pruning leaves, produce watering and loosening the soil.
Fight against diseases and pests
After harvesting, it's time to start the fight against diseases and pests, because during fruiting this cannot be done. After pruning the leaves, strawberries are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to disinfect the remaining petioles and tillage the soil under the bushes from fungal diseases.
If weevil is wound up on strawberriesthen the berry plantings are treated with the drug "Intavir" twice with an interval of two weeks. You can prepare an iodine solution: 10 drops of iodine per 10 liters of water and process plants.Raspberry strawberry weevil
To avoid damage to strawberry plantings with strawberry mite, plantings are treated with broad-spectrum insecticides (“Fitoverm”, “Fufanon”, “Aktellik”, “Kemifos”) immediately after harvest and in the fall.
When processing strawberries in tank mixes, it is advisable to add fertilizers, thus combining foliar feeding with the fight against diseases and pests.
Autumn care for garden strawberries, preparation for winter
Caring for strawberries in the fall consists in removing weeds and loosening the soil, mulching bushes and between rows with humus and foliage. Single sick and old leaves are removed from the bushes. It is impossible to cut the leaves drastically, the bush will not have time to grow the leaves, it will go into the winter weakened, it can not stand the cold weather and freeze.
From the frost, beds are covered with branches, dry foliage, and spruce branches. Covering with hay or straw is not worth it - mice can start and nibble on roots.
If you properly care for strawberry plantings after harvest, do not leave them to fend for themselves, then next year you will definitely have a bountiful harvest of sweet, aromatic berries. It will bring joy and pleasure not only to you, but also to your children and grandchildren.
Berries are collected - why now need care?
Some people think that strawberry is enough for ordinary autumn harvesting. But the thing is that strawberries cease to bear fruit very early, and there is still a lot of time left until autumn. During the summer, the beds can become so overgrown with weeds that autumn harvesting will be very difficult, therefore, care is needed for strawberries after harvest.
In addition, the bushes, finished fruiting, must again replenish their strength, accumulating them for the next season, which will be almost impossible to do in the vicinity of weeds.
Among other things, it was at this time that the strawberries began to form young leaves and lay again flower buds. Numerous mustaches appear, which also weaken the mother bush, if they are not trimmed in time. Against this background, the old foliage is slowly dying off, making it difficult for the new one to develop normally.
Already all these factors suggest that caring for strawberries after harvesting is necessary. But that's not all.
Various pests and pathogens, accumulated over the season on old leaves, try to move to new young leaves. And they may be quite enough. After all, everyone knows that during fruiting strawberries are not recommended to weed, and even more so to handle chemicals.
So, in addition to the accumulated dying old leaves, loosening and spacing is required. Since the roots of strawberries and so are shallow, then formed adventitious roots and may be on the surface of dense soil. And this is just at the moment when strawberries so need enhanced nutrition.
In fact, it turns out that before the feeding, carried out in the autumn, is still far away, the nutrients in the soil are not enough, and the strawberries remain on a starvation diet. But as already mentioned, the better it gets stronger and will lay more flower buds, the more berries can be collected next year. Here are some more reasons why strawberries need to be processed after harvest.
What activities should be carried out with strawberries after harvest?
Based on the foregoing, there is a need to carry out comprehensive activities, of which will be the proper care of plants.
It consists in the following:
- pruning old leaves and removing whiskers,
- weed control and soil loosening,
- timely watering,
- pest and disease treatment
- top dressing.
Trimming old leaves or mowing?
Many people ask whether strawberries are mown after harvesting. In most cases, yes. Because thanks to this, strawberries can be freed from old leaves and open a new road, which just in this period grows. Only this should be done very carefully.
This procedure should begin when, after picking strawberries, it will take at least a week. The leaves are mowed at a height of 7 см8 cm, so as not to damage the growing points, after which they are removed by a rake.
Within a few days, the strawberry bushes will start to be covered with young leaves, and soon the flower bed will take on its original appearance.
If you are not a supporter of mowing and are interested in when to cut the strawberries after harvesting, then this can also be done in 7-10 days.
Old leaves are cut to the same height, without affecting the growth points. So treat every bush. This method is suitable in the case when cutting strawberries after harvesting is necessary in a small area.
In addition to young leaves in the summer strawberries begin to throw out a mustache. If you want to multiply it, then some mustache can prikopat. From the rest it is necessary to get rid of, because they take a lot of power from the plants.
How to tidy up the beds?
After you have updated the strawberries after harvesting, what to do next? Of course, to fix the beds.
Destroy all the weeds that had time to occupy it during ripening, once again walk the rake, removing the remnants of the leaves, and you can begin to pile up with the hoe of each plant. During this period, some bushes begin to bulge the roots, which leads to their drying out, and the plants can not grow normally. That is why hilling is necessary. Just be careful not to sprinkle the heart on the ground.
After that, it remains only to well loosen the aisles.
Caring for strawberries after harvesting involves mandatory watering. Since the soil in the beds should be well moistened. Watering should be abundant, but not often, given the weather conditions. To preserve moisture, the soil must be mulched, for which peat is suitable. Do not allow the formation of a crust after watering. Therefore, you need to loosen the soil around each bush and between rows.
The summer period, when the berries are harvested - the best time to do healing plants. Processing strawberries after harvesting from diseases is produced by various preparations.
Which of them to use depends on various plant diseases, determined by their appearance:
- if there are damages of young leaves, then an earthen mite is to blame. Spraying with colloidal sulfur, diluted with water, or drugs such as Fitoverm, Aktellik and Titovit Jet, help to get rid of it.
- the presence of brown spots on the leaves indicates viral diseases. In this case, they are treated with Bordeaux mixture,
- if rotting of the berries was observed, the plants were struck by a fungus - gray rot. To eliminate it you need to spray the bushes with a solution of a popular fungicide - copper chloroxide.
Processing strawberries after harvest is prevention.
First, the affected leaves should be immediately removed, carefully examining the bushes.
And secondly, manganese is a reliable assistant in this case. Dilute a weak solution and not only spray them with bushes, but also water the soil in the garden.
You do not know how to feed strawberries after harvesting, and why? First of all, for the next year to bear fruit well. Indeed, as mentioned above, it is at this time that flower buds form, which determine the next harvest.
For summer feeding, complex fertilizers produced especially for strawberries, such as Ruby, Ryazanochka, and Agricola, are excellent. It is necessary to make them according to the instructions, combining this procedure with watering and loosening the soil.
If you are interested in more than feeding strawberries after harvesting, you can also apply for this purpose also humus, wood ash or ammophos.
Preparing for the winter
This business is simple, but obligatory, because the harvest of the next year will depend on this stage.
You have already figured out how much strawberry needs attention after harvest, what to do with it during the summer. It remains to figure out how to prepare it for the winter.
Do not be surprised, but you have already done some of this preparation. After all, the best protection from the winter cold is healthy, overgrown leaves and the absence of pests. So you knowingly tried all summer, putting the bushes in order, feeding and treating them with the means for diseases, as well as removing weeds and loosening the beds.
Now it remains for you to promulgate planting in October with sawdust or peat, making a layer no more than 5 cm, and in November, cover them with spruce leaves or raspberry branches so that the snow will linger on them. This will be the best shelter for strawberries.
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How to care for strawberries after harvesting?
Strawberry, the favorite culture of all gardeners, from amateurs to professionals.
Therefore, you can meet her at almost every summer cottage.
But, not all owners of beds with this berry know how to properly care for her during the post-harvest period.
And after all exactly at this time the potential is laid for the next season.
Strawberry whisker trimming
The very first thing that is done at the end of flowering and fruiting of the crop is trimming the whiskers, which appear mainly after 3-5 years of growth.
Mustache growth is not so noticeable in young bushes.
Before starting the removal of unnecessary parts of a strawberry plant, it is necessary to carry out basal dressing, this will contribute to a faster recovery after pruning.
This procedure is carried out immediately after the end of fruiting, approximately in July.
However, the exact dates depend on the strawberry variety, since at the moment there is such a plant type as remontant.
A feature of such varieties is that in one season, these varieties bear fruit more than once.
Soil fertilizer, loosening and dressing
During the period when the fruiting of strawberry bushes has stopped, intensive preparation for the next season begins, therefore it is extremely important to begin fertilizing the soil in which the crop and additional feeding of the crop is located during this period.
With such effects, nutrients accumulate at the root of the crop and for the coming year they will form the nutrient base for new flowering.
However, feeding should be carried out moderately with the calculation of the solution, based on the age of the plant and the nutritional properties of the soil in which the plant is located.
Top-dressing of plants for the future period occurs after the cessation of fruiting and a small natural acclimatization of the plant after harvest.
Approximately this period begins in August and lasts until September.
Fertilize strawberry bushes should be mineral fertilizers with the addition of trace elements.
It is better if for these purposes special fertilizers will be used for strawberries, which contain everything you need in the right proportions.
The main elements of the composition of this fertilizer:
Another mandatory procedure during the fertilizing period is loosening the soil, since many fertilizers, getting on the ground, form a crust on it, this prevents the penetration of oxygen to the roots.
Also, fertilizers oxidize on the surface, which reduces their effect.
It is necessary to loosen the soil after each introduction of fertilizers into the ground.
Also during this period, medical or prophylactic treatments are carried out against pests, since during the new flowering and formation of ovaries this procedure is not recommended.
Prophylactic treatment of strawberries with acaricide should be done at a time, and if there are infections with any parasites, it is better to carry out the treatment with a course until the pest population is completely destroyed.
The course for drugs is different, so you should carefully read the instructions before starting treatment activities.
Winter hibernation - how to prepare strawberries for wintering
Клубника – культура не настолько морозостойкая, чтобы всю зиму обходиться своими силами, поэтому ей требуется небольшое утепление.
Если по наступлению морозов почву еще не укрывает снег, то клубнику придется укрывать вручную.
For these purposes most often used natural material:
However, when hiding with these materials, it is worth considering the risks that in the limb foliage mice can “settle down” for the winter, who do not disdain to sharpen strawberry roots.
The needles perfectly passes air, keeping at the same time heat, therefore whenever possible it is worth using it.
Covering strawberries should not be done until frosts become permanent, as the first light frosts are only good for the crop.
Very often strawberry bushes do not close completely for the winter, and only the roots of the plant are covered.
Quite often for this purpose, black covering material is used, which covers the ground completely, and slits are made under the leaves.
This type of shelter has a positive effect on the development of the plant in the spring, as the ground covered with a dark "veil" quickly warms up under the influence of the sun's rays, and the bush begins to develop, but the tight fit of the material to the ground does not allow weeds to grow under it.
Harvest from crops that were covered in this way appears much earlier, and flowering lasts longer.
Depending on what the strawberry was hiding, how to take care of it in a timely and correct manner before “hibernating”, the result of the new season may be different.
With all the rules for the care of the crop of strawberries, you can get a rich harvest of sweet, large berries, even from the bushes, which are no longer one and not two years.
And this means that there is no need to acquire new young bushes and engage in seedlings of old ones.
Comprehensive care of the plant can even return the former fecundity of the bushes, which would seem to lose their ability to produce a large number of crops.
Hopefully now, you know how to care for strawberries after harvest.