Mushrooms in the Voronezh region differ in yield. Their collection is a popular activity among locals and visitors. Go on a simple route and collect a basket of tasty fruits, if you know where and what to look for.
Map of mushrooms of the Voronezh region
Features of the Voronezh region
The region is located in the southeast of the country. There is a relatively hot summer and a moderately cold winter. This creates favorable conditions for the growth of fungi. Gribnik attracts an abundance of reservoirs and forest plantations near them. A lot of swampy places, which are also looking for trophies.
The mushroom harvesting card of the Voronezh Region covers various types of forests, forest belts, and meadows. Depending on the location chosen, a typical set of trophies should be expected. Some are more likely to be found on wet swampy soil, while others are found in deciduous forests or on sand in a pine forest. In order not to be mistaken with the place, it is necessary to know in advance about the types of soil and types of fruits.
Map of mushroom places of the city of Voronezh leaves much to be desired. Even edible species are not recommended to be collected within the city: poisoning by toxic substances from the mycelium of the fetus cannot be avoided.
Available types of mushrooms
Given the characteristics of the region, created an approximate list of available species.
Types of edible mushrooms in the Voronezh region:
- Honey agaric.
- White mushroom.
- Aspen mushrooms.
Not all of these species are presented in the summer or spring. Such a hunt is for experienced mushroom pickers: they know proven places. Beginners to collect mushrooms better in the fall: then just will not be able to leave empty-handed.
What species grow in autumn
Mushroom and real calendars do not match. The autumn period starts from mid-August to late October.
Autumn mushrooms of the Voronezh region:
- Aspen mushrooms.
- White mushrooms.
The above types are attributed to the early autumn. The period of their active growth is from the second half of August to the end of September. Some species are found even before the first frost.
Mushrooms can cause severe poisoning.
Most of the inedible fungi are poisonous and cause poisoning. It is necessary to know not only their names, but also their distinctive features. Inedible mushrooms in the Voronezh region:
- False mushrooms.
- Thin and fat pig.
- Oilers Pepper.
- False whites.
- Death cap.
The description of safe and dangerous fruits is often similar. It is better to print and take a memo with you so as not to collect poisonous forest fruits. A detailed description (and not just the name) can save lives. You can not neglect the repeated sorting of collected trophies.
Distinguish poisonous and conditionally edible fruits. The latter are soaked for several days before use, changing the water. This group does not have a high taste, so these mushrooms are rolled or pickled.
Where to collect mushrooms
It is better to go to the mushroom picking in the suburbs: there are fewer toxins poisoning the soil. Forest mushrooms are harvested only in verified places. They say the local, who already know all the productive places. They will prompt the name of the route and recommend what to collect.
Collection is prohibited in nature reserves and park areas. Mushroom sites in the Voronezh region cover the territory of forestry. The Voronezh community of hunters and fishermen is engaged in the protection of human rights and nature.
The territory of forestry
In the Somovskiy forest area, mushrooms grow in the north of the railway, as well as in the east, not far from Dubovka, Sinitsino, Orlovo, Grafsky.
In the Left Bank Forestry, all edible mushrooms of the Voronezh Region are represented. Here is a good place to grow:
- White mushroom.
Such a variety arises due to the wet soil of the mixed pine forest, good ecology. Russulaes are found in the Tsyurupa sanatorium.
Novoussmanskoye forest is rich in white mushrooms. They begin to grow as early as May, so the flow of mushroom pickers begins long before autumn. Most go exactly for delicious dried white mushrooms. Also on the territory are large glades with boletus.
In Semiluksky forest area they collect mushrooms and boletus. This is done in villages and towns near the forest:
In the Grafsky Preserve, in addition to the usual mushrooms and chanterelles, Polish Mushroom and Ryzhiki are collected.
Hat 3-7 cm, convex with tubercle, then funnel-shaped with tubercle in a hollow, thick, then thin, thin, ciliated, from light to dark ocher, yellowish ocher.
Pulp soft, white, with a pleasant smell.
Records strongly descending on the stalk, frequent, narrow, white or cream.
Leg 3-7 x 0.4-1 cm, hard, fibrous, thickened at the base, felt, the color of the cap, but lighter than it.
Spread: everywhere, in forests and plantations of various types, mainly under oak, pine, beech and hornbeam, in June-October, it is often found in groups.
Using: edible (freshly prepared and marinated).
Hat 5-15 cm, semicircular, then convexly prostrate, corporal color, pale brownish-grayish, sometimes with a lilac shade, smooth.
Pulp in a hat whitish, in a leg grayish, with a pleasant smell.
Records rounded-adherent to the stem, frequent, thin, cap-colored, but lighter than it.
Leg 3-8 x 0.8-2 cm, hard, widening or tapering towards the base, slightly scaly, violet-lilac, often very bright, less often almost white.
Spread: everywhere, in deciduous forests and plantations, rarely in pine plantations and steppes, in April, then in September-November, is found very often in groups.
Using: good edible mushroom (hot, sauces, marinades).
Edible mushrooms of the Voronezh region
Often, "quiet hunters" stumble in the forest on the beloved mushrooms of all. These mushrooms in the Voronezh region are the real pets of most mushroom pickers due to their nutritious, flavor and aromatic properties. Ryzhiki usually prefer pine forest, absorbing the smell of pine needles.
No less popular boletus. They love the neighborhood with the previous "brothers", preferring to hide in the shadow of young trees 10 m high. The oily cap is round, covered with mucus, it stands on a dense stem. In addition to pine forests, loves oak and mixed forests. Especially tasty they are obtained in pickled form.
Mokhovikov better cook, fry or pickle. These are edible mushrooms of the Voronezh region, collected from June to September. The cap of the fungus is thick, porous. It can be seen on the reddish elastic leg.
The aroma of fried potatoes with honey agaric meadow - beyond words! Delicious, giving the kitchen a fabulous smell, mushrooms are loved by almost all people. Everyone since childhood knows their delicate taste. Leg mushroom thin, fragile, slightly with a yellow tinge. The mushroom cap itself, which can be seen in the photo of mushrooms in the Voronezh region, is brown with a slight tinge of ocher. In the middle it has a convex shape, further to the edges it resembles an umbrella. You can collect from May to late summer.
Boletus - the "master" of the forest, its proud posture is difficult not to notice at the birch. If you look at the description of mushrooms in the Voronezh region, it is the owner of a spherical hat with a slightly grayish tint. A padded padding complements the look. White and cream color. The mushroom is great for boiling broths, frying, pickles and drying.
Boletus from Voronezh
This mushroom stands out against the background of foliage, it is also easy to notice thanks to the hat in the shape of a hemisphere brown or in reddish tones with a diameter of up to 16 cm. Most often it is a “resident” of oak trees. The flesh is endowed with gray or brown specks.
Some, not knowing, bypass this intricate mushroom side, but nothing terrible in it! This species is found in mixed and deciduous types of forests. The cap does not tolerate a lack of moisture, choosing a place to live near birch, aspen, linden. The mushroom is cooked for only 15 minutes, after which it acquires a delicate flavor.
Most of them are water and protein, the content of vitamins of group B. Although the mushroom is classified as conditionally edible, it makes tasty, fragrant dishes for frying, boiling, marinades.
Where in the Voronezh region to go for mushrooms?
Mushroom map is what it is useful for every “hunter” to know in order to find out for certain edible mushrooms of the Voronezh region. The suburb is the best space to collect, because there are no toxins, no harmful emissions from industry. Locals usually know the routes, they can tell the way. Please be aware that mushroom picking is prohibited in nature reserves and park areas! There are several "cereal" places rich in mushroom harvest.
If you want to find white mushrooms of the Voronezh region, you should visit the sites of Somovsky forestry. Here you will find a full basket of the above representatives of the mushroom kingdom. The secret of good luck is in good ecology, sufficient moisture content of pine massif.
White mushrooms are found in Novoussmanosky forestry. Already in May, only the sun will warm, you can go in search of them. Here is also the "abode" oil.
Honey mushrooms, boletus prefer to "settle" in the Semiluksky forestry. Landmark, how to get - nearby villages Medovka, Fedorovka and others. Going to the forest, it is necessary to carefully examine edible mushrooms in the Voronezh region for photos and names, read additional literature, ask for advice from experienced mushroom pickers.
Thinking about where the mushrooms are gathered in the Voronezh region, you can look into the Novokhopersky forestry. Here the chanterelles are waiting for chanterelles, mushrooms, and boletus mushrooms.
Mushrooms love to grow along meadows, in river valleys. Mushroom picking is not a simple matter; it requires care and knowledge to distinguish between edible and poisonous.
Caution, poisonous mushrooms Voronezh area!
In addition to mushrooms in the Voronezh region with healthy qualities, there are a number of poisonous mushrooms. This “collection” is no less rich and consists of the following types.
Gooseberry wax can be taken for edible version. Its elegant look does not bother at all: a whitish elegant hat with a characteristic sheen, a rather thick and elastic leg, and the inability to secrete the milky juice - these are the main characteristics. It can appear in the forest in the summer or autumn. Her deceit is that she is many times more poisonous than the mushroom.
No less cunning is the sulfur-yellow mock-daisy, like shade growing on mossy stumps. From above, the yellow mushroom is predominantly, but in the middle it has a slightly reddish tint. He "pleases" with his appearance in September.
It is also easy to confuse with the discovery easy Spiderweb Teddy: the same brown hat. But it gives out his thick leg of a dirty yellow shade, a bit like the smell of radish.
Svinushka thin grows in coniferous, mixed forests. For a long time, it was considered a conditionally edible plant, but recent studies by mycologists showed that the fungus is able to accumulate heavy metals, loves the exhaust gases of motor vehicles, and when cooked, it gives all to man. Her leg is thick, her hat resembles a funnel, decorated with a terry-leafiness at the edges.
When to pick mushrooms in the Voronezh region
Much more chances to fill the basket in the season of mushrooms in the Voronezh region - in the summer. This is the period of honey meadow, aspen, and boletus, alluring an extraordinary scent. At this time you can meet chanterelles.
Autumn romance is abundant with autumn mushrooms, pine mushrooms, waves. If the weather is good, the conditions are favorable, the summer mushrooms will once again delight in the harvest, hiding in the “carpets” of leaf fall. Mushrooms love temperatures from +14 to 16 degrees. September is the most prolific time. The main thing in the autumn is to find them, because they strive to merge with the bright autumn foliage.
Useful tips on how to collect mushrooms
What recommendations give "mastodons" mushroom collection. Those who do not want the poisonous mushrooms of the Voronezh region to be in his basket, are advised not to gather near the highways, a bustling city. You can not taste the mushroom! The ideal time to bring home a crop generously donated by nature, drizzling rain.
Heat, dryness make it possible for mushrooms to collect substances harmful from the air.
Older overgrown mushrooms are best left to beasts. Unnecessary mushrooms, poisonous should not be knocked down with a boot - this is someone's food, there are many animals, insects in the forest, and man is only a guest in this natural "palace". Mushrooms need those who themselves are asking in the basket: with a solid leg, not faded, but strong and healthy.