Today I will tell you about the types of alokazii and present a photo of the plant. Alokaziya plant admirers are often familiar with the most popular and common species, although in nature there are a very large number of different hybrids. This is about seventy species of alokazii. All plants differ in color, shape and size of leaves, but also in height.
Today in the article on Alokaziya you will see alokaziya varieties with photos, not only known in culture, but also growing in natural conditions.
Alokaziya klobuchkovaya (A. cucullata)
The homeland of this plant is Burma, Sri Lanka, India. The plant has daughter tubers, which are located close to the main parent tuber, and the stem can reach from three to six centimeters in diameter. Petioles, as a rule, grow to a length of up to thirty centimeters, but there are exceptions when the size of the petiole reaches fifty or even eighty centimeters.
A. Klobuchkova's leaf plate is shortly pointed at the very apex, but in shape is wide heart-shaped-ovate, reaches a length of up to forty centimeters, and in width from eight to twenty-eight centimeters. The leaf color is shiny from bright to dark green, leathery floor. In the place where the petiole is attached, on the upper side of the leaves are characteristic swellings.
Only an adult, powerful plant with a large number of leaves can bloom. In this case, the peduncle grows up to thirty centimeters in length, has a soft, fleshy veil up to fifteen centimeters long and up to eight centimeters wide, and a cob that is smaller than the veil and is inside it. The fruits of the plant are semi-globular berries of six to eight millimeters in diameter.
Alocasia large root (A. macrorhiza)
The plant is quite large and powerful in size, grows to a height of two meters, and petioles reach sizes up to one meter in length. The leaves are very large in size, up to ten in width, and up to thirty centimeters in length, ovate to heart-shaped.
There is a form of A. Variegata, which differs from the main type of alokazia with a large root in that it has variegated leaves with white spots of large sizes.
Therefore, such a bulky and majestic beauty is hardly suitable for growing in a residential area. The most appropriate solution would be to plant a monumental plant in winter gardens and offices.
Alocasia odorous (Alocasia odora)
For indoor conditions the best choice would be A. odorous. This type of alokazii is very similar to the previous one, but it is smaller in size (the stem of a plant reaches eight in diameter, and a hundred centimeters in height). The plant is interesting in that at the base of the leaf plate it has partially fused lobes and the inflorescence of this species has an unpleasant pungent odor.
Amazonian Alocasia (A. amazonica)
Just want to note that this hybrid often appears under the wrong name A. Sander. The stem of the plant can reach a height of up to fifteen centimeters, and the petioles up to sixty centimeters in length.
The color of the stem is pinkish-green with transverse dark strokes. The leaves of the plant are elongated and thyroid with pronounced lobes in the bases along the edges of shallow grooves. The leaves reach sizes in length forty to fifty, in width to twenty centimeters.
The color of the leaf plate is dark green with five to eight pairs of lateral white veins and white stripes along them. The peduncle size reaches twenty centimeters, it is covered with a veil of the same size in length, and ten centimeters in width. Ear from eight to ten centimeters. As a rule, this species does not bear fruit in culture.
Alocasia is copper - red (A. cuprum)
Homeland plants Kalimantan island. This type of plant is one of the smallest and decorative species. The stem of the plant (often underground) up to ten centimeters in length, the stalks reach a length of thirty centimeters. The leaves of the plant are heart-shaped, egg-shaped, the direction of leaf growth is vertical.
alokaziya copper - red
The leaves are semi leathery, their length usually reaches the size of up to thirty-five, and the width is up to seventeen centimeters. The petiole is attached to the plate of the sheet in a peculiar way, not to the edge of the plate, but at a short distance from it, such an attachment is called thyroid, and at the attachment site on the upper side of the sheet you can see the bulge characteristic of this type of attachment.
Peduncles dark purple color, there are two - three pieces and reach a height of ten - fifteen centimeters. It covers the peduncle cover, which is up to fifteen in length and eight centimeters wide. The cob is always shorter than the bedspread. In culture, this species does not bear fruit.
All of these types need additional mandatory coverage in winter. Caring for these 5th species is no different from the general requirements of plant care. It is necessary to know that for most species of alokazy, waterlogging of the substrate is destructive, as well as planting in a clayey, heavy soil.
How to properly care for alokazie at home, read: http://otsvetax.ru/alokaziya-uhod-v-domashnih-usloviyah/
It has a low stem, not more than 15 cm. It is very large, 50 cm long, the leaf width is almost half of its length, the ends are pointed. The structure of the sheet is uneven, between the veins are obtained as a share or notch, and the veinlets themselves protrude above the surface of the sheet plate.
Leaf color is dark green, streaks are white, petioles are pinkish. It blooms rarely at home, and if the bloom does occur, an elongated cob of white color with a green tint appears.
The hybrid grade, grows mainly in greenhouses. The plant has a root system in the form of a tuber. Elongated arrow-shaped leaves are attached to the long, green with a brown tinged petiole. The length of the alokazia leaf is no more than 40 cm, and the width is no more than 15 cm. White, exactly traced veins go along the whole leaf, besides, the edges of the leaf are also outlined with a light border.
A characteristic feature of the variety is a short stem, while the height of the bush itself sometimes reaches 1 m. In contrast to most types of Alokazia, the petiole is attached not at the base of the leaf, but in the center. The color of the leaf plate is green, but the streaks can be either white or of the same color as the leaf. On the reverse side of the leaves have a purple color.
The variety is small in size: petioles are a maximum of 10 cm in length, while often located under the ground, and the length of the leaves does not exceed 30 cm. It has a very beautiful decorative appearance due to the unusual color of the leaves - dark green veins on a light green background with a copper sheen. The reverse side of the sheet is purple. Under natural conditions, alokaziya blooms, but not at home.
This sort of alokazii boasts excellent velvety foliage with a sooty-burgundy upper plate, where the bright streaks form sinuous patterns. Unlike many species, the culture can bloom in the interior room.
Proper care of alokaziya
Alocasia requires special attention in order to preserve its aesthetic indicators for a long time. Given that the plant is from the tropics, it is necessary to take care of creating a suitable microclimate for it.
For alokazii preferably good diffused lighting. It is afraid of direct sunlight, as they often cause leaf burns, which are manifested by spots. This should be taken care of when planting - if the crop is planted in open ground, it will need partial shade in the midday time, and it is better to have home residents in the back of the room with windows facing east or west. In winter, lightning is required.
Alocasia is quite thermophilic. The optimal mode varies in the range of + 22 ... + 27C in the warm period. In winter, you should not lower the temperature too much, the culture will feel comfortable at + 15 ... + 18C, which is not difficult to provide at home.
The plant loves the microclimate with high humidity up to 80%. For garden specimens, in addition to regular watering, it is necessary to carry out spraying. In a closed room, this level is more difficult to maintain - you can install pots over containers with wet claydite so that the pot does not come into contact with moisture, otherwise the root system will rot. In the heating season next to alokazii install a container with water. As well as garden, indoor plants require systematic spraying, and the leaves can be further cleaned with a damp sponge.
In the spring-summer warm period of alokaziya, frequent, abundant watering is needed, which are reduced by autumn. In hot weather, the plant must be watered as the top cover of the soil dries, and in winter it suffices once a week. You can alternate watering with irrigation. It is very important not to overdo it with drinking, since a wet soil can cause great damage to the roots. To avoid such unpleasant consequences, even at the landing stage it is necessary to lay a thick layer of drainage material (for example, expanded clay).
Fertilizers and feeding
To maintain the decorative culture, it is necessary to fertilize it. Twice a month, houseplants are fed with complex supplements containing high levels of potassium. After transplantation, the first feeding is carried out in a month. You also need to fertilize Alokaziya during the growing season and at the end of the flowering period.
Diseases and pests
Quite often, the cause of the disease alokazii becomes improper care. For example, insufficiently humid indoor air contributes to the drying of the edges of the sheet and the appearance of brown spots. Sunburns on the leaves are almost the same when the plant is exposed to direct rays for a long time. Over moistened soil can lead to root or stem rot. In such cases, you must immediately establish the right care.
Also dangerous are diseases such as:
- Fusarium, signs of which are putrid stains, first on the petioles and then on the leaves, as a result of which they die. In this case, it is necessary to cut off all damaged parts, including the root system, to wrap the trunk with moist moss and cover the plant with film. When new roots appear, it is transplanted into a new soil,
- Anthracnose, characterized by the appearance of brown spots with a yellowish edging, which expand over time. It can not do without the processing of fungicides,
- Mealy dew is determined by the presence of white-yellow or black spots on the foliage. When infecting, it is necessary to remove the damaged leaves, treat them with a fungicide and arrange for care.
Alokaziya can suffer from insects that enter through the soil or from neighboring plants. The most dangerous are scale insects, nematodes, aphids and spider mites. They can be cured by treating the plant and soil with insecticides.
How to transplant alokaziya
Transplantation is carried out in the spring. Capacity should be high, as the roots of the flower stretch deep. It is necessary to add river sand, bark or coconut shavings to the soil mixture to make it looser. At the bottom of the pot must be laid drainage, a layer which can be a third of the height. Alocasia should be seated in a pot, sprinkled with soil, lightly tamped and watered abundantly. This is followed by the usual care.
Reproduction at home
There are quite a number of ways to propagate alokaziya: planting seeds, division, leaves, cuttings or basal kiddies. The choice depends on the type of plant. Regardless of how this will happen, there are a number of rules regarding any of the processes, namely:
- At the bottom of the planting pot, a drainage is always carpeted, including crushed coal, broken brick,
- The soil for plant development should be light, with low acidity,
- The soil for planting must be sanitized,
- Saplings need to regularly moisten the soil,
- Any planting material, with the exception of seeds, needs the processing of cuts with charcoal,
- To speed up the formation of roots, babies, cuttings and leaflets must first be soaked in a root-stimulating solution.
The best period to start the breeding process is spring, when any plant is gaining the greatest biological activity, but if necessary, you can start in summer or autumn.
Reproduction of alokaziya seeds
This method is used much less often and is explained by the fact that the seeds are subject to sowing exclusively while being in berries - wet shells. But, considering that in the conditions of apartments and houses alokazia blooms quite rarely, it is difficult to get the material.
If, nevertheless, seeds are present, they must be placed on the surface of the prepared soil and, slightly without being submerged, be slightly compacted. Then the bed is moistened using an atomizer and covered with polyethylene or glass. Daily sowing air and moisturize.
After two or three weeks, the first shoots will appear. Transplantation to a permanent place of residence is carried out with the advent of a pair of full-fledged leaves.
Propagation of alokaziya leaves and cuttings
Using the leafy method, cut a young leaf, dried a little, and then, making another small cut, placed in a pot with soil. At this stage, it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions, where humidity and temperature will be preserved, therefore planting is covered with a glass jar or a plastic bottle.
Every day, the cover must be lifted to wind the greenhouse and moisten the soil. With the eruption of the second leaflet, the cover is removed, and the young plant is provided with the usual care.
The grafting process is carried out in exactly the same way.
Reproduction alokazii division rhizomes
In the spring you can propagate alokaziya, dividing the root. To do this, the flower must be carefully removed from the pot, rinse out the rhizome, freeing it from excess soil. The cut is made with a ground knife so that at least one sprout remains on all segments. Places cuts sprinkled with coal. The prepared material is planted in separate pots.
Reproduction Alokaziya kids
Bottom tubers are recognized as the best material. They are carefully removed when transplanting the plants, placed in a narrow, but deep container (it is convenient to use a plastic cup, through the walls of which you can observe the development of rhizomes) with a drainage hole. Rooting occurs in 2.5–3 months, then full leaflets will appear, the bush can be transplanted into a deep container.
Type Alokaziya Krupnokorny
Alocasia Large Root -Alocasiamacrorrhizos
The height of Alokaziya Krupnokornevaya reaches 2 meters, the plant stem is more than 1 meter, the plant is large. The fruits of the plant are up to 1 cm in diameter, bright red in color, shiny. The peduncle of alokaziya is a large-rooted, about 30 cm long, with a yellow-green veil, 15-25 cm long, the cob is equal to the length of the veil. The leaves of the plant have an oval-heart-shaped form, at the base of the plate with well-defined divergent lobes, 40-80 cm wide, 50-90 cm long. There is a form of large root alocasia - this is variegata (Alocasiamacrorrhizosvar.variegate), the difference of this species is that the leaves are smaller in size, variegated and with large white spots.
Type Alokaziya Sander
Alokaziya Sander – Alocasiasanderiana
The root system of the plant is short and tuberiform. The leaves of this species are elongated-arrow-shaped, with notched pinnate lobes. Width is 15 cm, length is 30-40 cm. The color of leaves is green, with a characteristic dark metallic luster, the edges and lateral veins of Alokaziya Sander are light. Stalk 25-60 cm long, color - brown-green.
Type Alokaziya Amazon
Alocasia Amazonian – Alocasiaamazonica
In this type of alokaziya, the stem is 15 cm tall, the stalks are 40-60 cm long, the color is pinkish-green with transverse dark strokes. In Alokaziya Amazonian leaves - thyroid, elongated, the proportion is clearly expressed, at the base and along the edge there are shallow detritus. The width of the leaves is 20 cm, length 40-50 cm. The color is dark green, there are 5-8 pairs of lateral veins with white stripes along them. Peduncle about 20 cm long, cob 10 cm long, white-pink. Coverlet - width 10 cm, length 20 cm, color - whitish-green. If grown at home, the flower does not give fruit.
Type Alokazii Copper-red
This alokazii plant belongs to a medium-sized and decorative look. Leaves are heart-oval, directed upwards, width 15-20 cm, length 25-35 cm, semi-leathery, the upper part of the leaf plate is copper-green with a metallic luster, the lower part of the leaf is saturated purple, the petiole is attached not to the very edge, but to the distance. At the place of attachment of the stem, there are swelling. The petioles are up to 20–30 cm long, and the stem is up to 10 cm. The peduncles are dark purple, up to 10–15 cm long, and 2-3 pieces are collected. The cob is always shorter than the bedspread. The width of the coverlet is 8 cm, length 15 cm.
View of Alokaziya Klobuchkovaya
Alokaziya Klobuchkovaya – Alocasiacucullata
В высоту растение достигает 60-100 см, диаметр стебля 5 см. Обычная длинна черешка 30 см, могут достигать 50-80 см. Листья плотные, в основании пластинки выемчатые, на верхушке – заостренные, блестящие. Окраска листьев – от ярко зеленого до темно зеленого. Листья очень крупные, ширина 60-80 см, длина 1 м. В месте, где крепится черешок (верхняя сторона листа), можно увидеть характерное вздутие. Alocasia Klobuchkovaya blooms, only one that is very powerful and has a large number of leaves. Peduncle in Alokaziya Klobuchkova in height of 20-30 cm, has a fleshy veil 10-15 cm long, 3-8 cm wide, the cob itself is shorter than the veil. Semicircular, medium-sized fruits, in diameter of 6-8 mm. In the process of growth the plant forms affiliated tubers, they are closely located to the parent tuber.
Kind of alokaziya
Alokaziya odorous – Alocasiaodora
Alokaziya Aromatic - herbaceous plant with a thick, short and strong almost tuber-like rhizome. The height of the shoot is up to 1 meter. Leaves fleshy, leathery, located on long petioles. The width of the sheet plate 60-80 cm, length 1 meter. Old leaves, in Alokazia Odorous, narrow, oval, linear, swept base. And the young leaves are thyroid. The lower parts of the plate, which protrude, grow together with the stem. Inflorescence in Alokaziya Aromatic - is the ear. The flowers have a peculiar smell and they are sessile. A cover 20 cm long wraps the cob, the color is bluish-green, rarely blooms.
Copper-red Alokaziya juice is very poisonous, so for safety reasons, gloves should be used with this flower. And after each contact with the flower, wash hands thoroughly with soap.
View Alokazii Black Velvet
AlokaziyaBlack Velvet -Alocasia reginula A. Hay ‘Black Velvet’
The stem in Alokaziya 10 cm long, low. The petiole grows up to 15-25 cm long. The leaves have a heart-oval shape, they are velvety, and from above they are black-maroon. With the help of the vein pattern is formed. Below the leaf plate of the flower is green. Width of a sheet is 20-25 cm, length is 25-35 cm.
The spike is 10 cm long, the coverlet is 10 cm long with a white-pink color. The ear is pink. If this type of alokazii grow at home, the flower blooms.
View Alokazi Lowe
Alocasia Low -AlocasiaLowii
This plant has a short stem and forms underground root shoots, the plant is 1 meter tall. The leaves of Alocasia Low are oval or arrow-shaped. Leaves are green with white veins, the inner side is purple-violet, the leaves are attached on long petioles. In the center of the sheet is attached petiole.
Types of alokazii with photos and titles
The Plant List includes 80 species of alokaziya, which are divided into groups according to plant height and foliage characteristics.
The height is divided into 2 groups:
- large species (Alocasia large root, fragrant, calidora, gageana), which in the room grow to 1.5-2 meters,
- compact species (Alocasia klobuchkovaya, Sandera, Amazonian, Branhifolia, copper-red, "Black Velvet"), whose height is not more than 50-70 cm.
The size and characteristic shape of the leaves of the plant are divided into 4 groups:
- with giant heart-shaped or arrow-shaped leaf plates 50-80 cm long (Alocasia large root, odorous, calidor),
- with toothed leaves of medium size, up to half a meter long (Alokaziya Amazonian, Sander),
- with lobed, strongly cut leaf plates 40-50 cm long (Alokaziya branhifoliya).
- with oval leaves the size of a palm (Alocasia “Black velvet”, coppery, regine).
In indoor floriculture, compact alokazii, which are distinguished by original texture and foliage color, are more often welcomed. On the basis of natural species, breeders obtained attractive hybrids, which retained the most valuable properties of the mother plants.
Alocasia macrorrhiza (large rooted)
This is the first of the species found and described. It is known as armah or arum indian. In a tropical forest, arma grows up to 5 meters in a room up to 2 m. Brilliant, bright green leaves resemble a giant arrowhead, their length is 50-80 cm. The thickened rhizome resembles ginseng root.
In countries where Arma grows in natural conditions, its roots and tubers are eaten. They are ground and baked to get rid of calcium oxalate, which has a pungent taste.
The plant is considered medicinal and is used in traditional medicine in China, India, Vietnam. Drugs based on it have antiviral, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, expectorant and wound-healing effect.
There are varieties of Arma with variegated foliage (A. variegata). Neat rounded leaves are painted with strokes of emerald, light green and white. There are varieties with silvery metal foliage.
The armam's inflorescence is the size of an adult's palm, the ear is creamy, the perianth is greenish. Alocasia produces bright red berries the size of a cherry.
Alocasia odora (odorous)
Tall plant with leathery leaves of intense green color, shaped like a heart. Convex veins form a feathery pattern. In nature, Alocasia odora is found in tropical areas of Southeast Asia. It has large fragrant inflorescences with a pinkish-cream cob and a blue-green perianth. The strong smell of a flower in a closed room causes a headache.
The plant has medicinal properties, although not recognized as official medicine. In China and Vietnam, it is used to treat lung diseases, sleep disorders, as an antimicrobial agent.
Alocasia calidora (calidora)
Hybrid A. odora and A. gageana. This erect plant with meter-long green leaves, its shape resembling a heart. Under natural conditions, it reaches a height of 1.5-2 m.
Compact hybrid, up to 70 cm high. Brilliant malachite-green leaves are decorated with prominent white veins. Half-meter sheet plates have the outlines of a highly elongated shield with a carved edge. In the sun, they shimmer with green and yellowish shades. For the unusual shape and pattern of foliage, the hybrid was nicknamed the "African mask" and "alligator."
Alokaziya Sander jagged arrow-shaped leaves of dark green color with convex whitish streaks. The length of the leaf plate is 40 cm. Dense leathery leaves have a metallic sheen. A thin white border runs along the edge. Externally, the plant is similar to A. amazonica.
Homeland of this species - India, Sri Lanka, China. A. cucullata is a compact plant with bright green heart-shaped leaves 30-40 cm long. The edges of the leathery leaf plate are even. The inflorescence is large, white with a greenish perianth. In folk medicine in China, alokaziya klobuchkovaya is used as a medicinal plant. It is also believed that she brings good luck to the house.
Cuprea (Copper Red)
The plant is compact. The stem is thick and short, no more than 10 cm. Oval quilted leaves are 35 cm long. The dark green veins contrast with the olive background of the leaf plate. Bottom leaves are dark purple. Petioles thick, slightly shorter than a leaf, are attached to the leaf plate at some distance from the edge, which makes it even more like a shield.
“Black Velvet” (“Black Velvet”, corduroy)
This low-growing plant has dark velvety foliage justifying the name of the variety. Bright veins form a graceful pattern. The leaf plates are wide, oval, up to 35 cm long. The room blooms often, the inflorescence is pink with a lighter veil.
A. brancifolia is an original species resembling a palm tree with lobed leaves. The foliage has a silvery shade, the stems are brownish-green. The smooth sheet plate is deeply incised, the tips are pointed. Inflorescence light pink with green perianth.
All types of alokaziya are poisonous, so transplant, graft and cut dying leaves in rubber gloves.
No matter how different the types of Alokaziya are in terms of their external characteristics, they make the same demands in their care - abundant watering, humid air, even heat all year round, light permeable soil.
Alokaziya stalks are thick, vertical, creeping and slightly elongated. The root is also thick and short. Leaves can be different, depending on the variety.
Petioles are long, glandular and rough. The leaves often have characteristic red spots and yellow streaks, which contrast with the green color.
At the base of the leaf, the petiole is divided into the central and lateral veins. Blossom alokaziya very rarely. The fruits are represented by berries.that contain from 1 to 5 seeds.
Varieties of alokazii can be represented as follows:
- Large root.
- Black Velveteen.
We will talk about each variety further.
The black velvety leaves of velvet amaze with their beauty. The upper side of this variety has an unusual texture and rich color. On the velvet background it is easy to notice thick streaks. Stems are bright, erect and slightly slanted. In room conditions the height of alokaziya is 30-45 cm.
This view is a great decoration for the interior of a city apartment.. It is important to provide the plant with optimum moisture and maintain optimum air temperature. For health and good appearance, you need the right soil, as well as regular watering. If the care is careless, the flower will become less attractive and covered with painful spots.
Photo Black Velvet.
The habitat of this plant, belonging to the aroid family is extensive: from the tropics of Asia to the Australian forests. Here the plant prefers the wetland of tropical forests, but sometimes it is found among the rocks.
The popular name - "pogodnik". The fact is that when there is an excess of water (a rainy period or excessive watering), the flower gets rid of excess moisture, emitting droplets of water on the leaves. And as the humidity rises, usually before precipitation, a good natural barometer is obtained from Alokazia.
Another popular name - “trefoil” is associated with a feature of growth. The plant rarely produces more than three leaves. With the appearance of the fourth, the oldest dies soon.
The genus Alokaziya is very diverse in appearance, there are small plants and treelike giants. Some have a fall of leaves for the winter.
But all kinds of plants are united by one thing - the milky sap, which appears on the break. Contact with skin and mucous membranes causes irritation. Therefore, the flower is strongly recommended to keep away from children and animals.
However, some species have edible rhizomes. But it is better to refrain from all the same - most contain poison, which causes swelling of the throat.
In nature, alokazii grow up to three meters, and in apartments only about one meter.
Tropical guest is deservedly considered the most beautiful ornamental foliage plant. With all the beauty of the leaves, the flower of alokaziya, collected on the cob, is rather inconspicuous.
But bloom in its own way, a unique event. If your alokaziya suddenly blossomed, it means that you have created ideal conditions for it.
Odorous alokaziya (Arum odorous)
Herbal alokaziya growing in the southern part of Indochina, in the Himalayas, in Taiwan, the Philippines. The leaves are quite long to one meter with a width slightly less than a meter. Flowers emit a specific aroma.
It is considered a flower available even to beginner growers. Several simple rules of care will provide excellent growth and decoration.
First, choose a place where the flower will be grown. It is desirable that these are windows facing west or east. Here the best conditions are - the sunlight is scattered and not so scorching tender leaves.
The windows facing the south side are less desirable; here the flower will have to be tinted with the help of a gauze curtain. When choosing a place, you should consider which type you are going to grow: variegated or monophonic.
If for the latter the lack of light is not critical, then the beauty of the former will be revealed in its entirety only in bright, diffused light.
Alokaziya is thermophilic. It refers to those rare plants that feel good in the bathroom or in the kitchen. But from drafts the flower should be protected.
Reinforced watering is required from spring to autumn. In winter, it decreases. For plants as overdrying and overwetting are equally harmful. We follow the condition of the earthy coma. Alokaziya will also respond well to a warm shower, abundant spraying, and a simple rubbing with a damp cloth.
The ideal substrate is a mixture of leaf earth, pine needles, peat and sand. Sphagnum and charcoal are acceptable. Do not forget about the drainage, for it is better to use river pebbles. Fertilizers are applied approximately every two weeks, stop fertilizing in winter.
Mature plants are transplanted every three years, if desired, we replace the transplant with transshipment into a larger container.
Alocasia is propagated by vegetative or seed means. When choosing a method, we take into account that such a property as variegation is not transmitted through seeds.
We sow shallowly in a mixture of peat land and sand. Grow up alokazii at temperatures up to from 22 to 24 degrees. Needs spraying and airing. The pick takes place twice. Young plants are transplanted by transshipment - usually when the roots occupy the entire volume of the earth.
When vegetative reproduction of the cut should be sprinkled with charcoal. The rooting mixture for rooting is the same as for germinating seeds, but the temperature is just below from 20 to 23 degrees. The requirements for care are the same as for seed reproduction.
Pests. Diseases caused by improper care
With a lack of nitrogen in the soil, alokaziya slows growth. Top dressing is made by any nitrogenous fertilizer.
Overdrying or vice versa, overwetting of the earthy coma leads to wilting of the leaves. In addition, the same cause causes the same reason. You should adjust the watering and transplant the plant in a light substrate.
With a lack of light - the leaf turns pale. Here, it is recommended to adjust the illumination, and to accustom the plant to the new regime gradually.
Spider mites, aphids, and scabs infect plants that are in inappropriate conditions. But even with perfect content, we are not immune to their appearance.
Worry (as well, and delay the treatment) is not worth it. Now there are many drugs. First of all, these are insecticides like "Aktara". Well help tobacco-soap solutions. From shchitovok - rubbing alcohol.
Keeping in cold, wet conditions will almost certainly lead to powdery mildew. Get rid of this infection, we will help a variety of fungicides.