Breeding birds in homestead and suburban areas has long been not only a hobby, but also an excellent source of replenishment of the ration of citizens. Owners of bird livestock tend to breed not only highly productive birds, but also beautiful. Color broilers are great for meeting the aesthetic requirements of amateur poultry farmers.
Modern poultry farming is aimed at obtaining poultry with increased productivity, unpretentious maintenance and low payment of feed. These requirements correspond to the color broiler. The description of some breeds of this bird is given below in the text. A common characteristic for all is unpretentious content, excellent adaptation to different climatic conditions and high productivity.
Colored broilers provide their owners with excellent meat and taste and delight with high egg production. Young animals fatten quickly and in a couple of months gaining weight up to 2.5 kg.
Without a doubt, breeders can be proud of these breeds. Color broilers are divided into several types: master gris, redbro, nakad. All of them are distinguished by increased meat and egg productivity: egg production can reach 300 eggs per year, the weight of adults is 5 kg.
Colored chickens have excellent growth and development performance. Compared with peers of other breeds of the egg direction, by the month of age they are heavier than them by at least 300 grams. By the 35 days of their lives, chickens often gain one kilogram of live weight, and sometimes more.
Color broiler is becoming increasingly popular among small farmers and owners of private houses. Universal poultry, capable of providing dietary food in large quantities, cannot but interest amateur and professional poultry farmers.
If for a private farmstead, the resulting products are important, for color breeders color broilers are also valuable in terms of using them to breed new breeds. Crossing the species makes it possible to improve the meat quality of the poultry, accelerate its growth and improve the taste of meat.
Redbro (Red Bro)
Color broiler redbro bred by crossing two main breeds: Malay fighting chickens and Cornish. Bred in England more than 90 years ago, but today the most famous centers for the breeding of these broilers are located in the United States and France.
- Plumage is dense, has a red, red-brown color.
- The head is big.
- Short beak.
- Bright red ear lobes and leaf-like comb.
- Well noticeable relief muscles.
- The legs are thick.
- Developed tars.
They differ in good health, do not need vaccines and antibiotics. The bird is strong, resistant to diseases, easily gets used to the new conditions of detention.
- egg production - 160 eggs (individual copies give up to 300 pieces),
- egg weight - 60 grams
- live weight of chicken - 3 kg,
- live rooster weight - 4.5 kg.
Young chickens start to be born already at the age of 5-6 months, and the bird gains its main mass by 6 months. Dietary meat is lean and fibrous. The breed perfectly pays for food, at the age of 35 days the young growth can reach a weight of 1.2 kg, and in two months it is already more than 2.5 kg.
Color broiler (photo in the text) master gray (gris) was bred in France, it refers to chicken meat and egg productivity.
Beautiful bird, gray-white color, unpretentious and hardy. It feels great when the floor and cellular content. Calm, sociable, almost manual hens reach 4 kg of body weight. Roosters can weigh up to 7 kg.
Chickens grow quickly and amicably: the survival rate is 98%. By the age of one and a half months, they gain 1.5 kg, to two –2.5 kg.
Despite the fact that the breed is declared as meat-egg, the egg production of a master gray is very decent - 300 eggs, weighing 65-70 grams. Scampering begins at four months.
Chickens of the foxy chik breed of meat-producing direction of productivity. Considered ideal for home maintenance:
- the safety of chickens - 100%
- egg production on average up to 250 eggs
- egg weight up to 70 grams, cream shell,
- live weight of chicken - 4 kg,
- live rooster weight - up to 7 kg.
In addition to good productivity, chickens have a beautiful appearance. The color of the plumage can vary from light red to deep brown-red. Bright large bird - just a decoration of the yard.
The origin of this breed is not known for certain. Most common in Romania, Hungary, Germany. The most striking distinguishing feature is the absence of plumage in the neck, even in chickens. Color pen all possible shades.
The color broiler (the photo of a goose bird is below) is nakad of a medium size, it has a dense fleshy body. The head is rounded with plumage in the back of the head. The beak is somewhat curved. The comb is upright, small, single or adjustable.
The neck is red without plumage, curved. The base of the neck is decorated with fluffy feathers.
Convex broad chest is rounded. The back is wide and flat. Wings close to the body. Strong long legs, metatarsus not fledged.
The bird adapts well to different climatic conditions, tolerates cold quite well, but because of its bare neck it is still mostly bred in the southern regions.
The only drawback of color broilers is the complexity of their reproduction. Breeding young stock is better to purchase at poultry farms or specialized enterprises.
The variety of color broilers is explained by the natural desire of specialists to bring out more advanced breeds and crosses. Species diversity is provided by using not only broilers, but also poultry meat, egg and egg strands as source breeds.
Breeders are constantly working to improve the characteristics of color broilers. They cross birds with other breeds to increase productivity, survival and improve meat quality.
This is an English breed bred on the basis of the Malay fighting chickens and Cornish chickens. Birds have reddish-brown or white plumage, strong build, powerful legs, large head with a short beak.
Chickens of breed Redbro are well adapted for the Russian conditions. Their comfortable temperature is from 7 ° C to 25 ° C.
- Chickens have a high survival rate, they grow well on normal feed. Chicks consume less feed and are more resistant to diseases than conventional broilers.
- By six months old chickens weigh 3.5 kg each, roosters 4 kg each. Broiler meat is lean and fibrous.
- Laying eggs from 6 months and give 160-200 pieces per year. Eggs weigh an average of 60 grams.
This breed was bred in Hungary specifically for keeping in private plots. Birds have a massive body and magnificent red-brown plumage. Cocks have a black tail.
Giants are unpretentious. They tolerate winters in unheated poultry houses. The only condition is dry litter, since dangerous microorganisms develop in a humid environment.
Giants can not be kept in the cells, as they need a place for walking. They walk not only in summer, but also in winter in calm weather. Feed them should be good food, otherwise growth is delayed and egg production decreases.
- Chickens of this breed have a well-developed maternal instinct. They independently form a clutch, hatch eggs and take care of chickens.
- The productivity of giants is high: the mass of hens is 4 kg, of roosters 4.5 kg.
- Chickens lay eggs from 4-4.5 months, giving 200 pieces a year. The weight of one egg is 55-60 grams.
Sasso Chickens: Breed
Sasso broilers are very popular with poultry farmers.
Characteristics of sasso chickens:
- short stature,
- strong build,
- small heads,
- wide chest
- strong legs
- reddish plumage,
- small combs and earrings,
- small beak,
- yellowish skin of the body and paws.
The mass of adult chickens reaches 4 kg, males up to 7 kg. Chickens grow quickly, gaining 50-60 grams per day.
Why choose Sassi
Sassa bred by French breeders. To date, this breed is considered the best by many farmers.
The advantages of red broilers:
- Excellent immunity to most infectious diseases.
- High chick survival rate.
- Unpretentiousness and resistance to adverse weather conditions.
- Low cost of meat and eggs.
- High productivity.
- Reasonable price of layers and young growth.
- Good cost recovery.
French broiler gives delicious meat. Carcasses of Sassi are readily bought in the most prestigious and expensive restaurants.
- To keep chickens requires a warm, dry and light house. The temperature in it should not fall below + 2C and rise above + 27C. In the first days, chickens need a temperature not lower than + 25 ° C, then it can be gradually reduced.
- Birds are raised both in cages and on the floor. In the second case, no more than ten chicks can be placed on one square meter of floor.
- Hay or sawdust should be used as bedding. Change litter more often to keep it dry. If the house is clean and dry, the possibility of infections will be minimal.
- The illumination of the house requires an average. Only the feeders should be brightly lit.
If the disease could not be avoided, try to find out the cause of the disease and eliminate it. Coughing may begin if the temperature in the chicken coop is too low and high humidity. It is necessary to warm the room, make ventilation, eliminate drafts and put up a heater.
Often the cause of the disease becomes an unhealthy diet: poor food, deficiency of protein, vitamins or trace elements. The diet of birds should be balanced, complete and age-appropriate chickens.
Insects, parasites on birds - the main distributors of infections. It is necessary to regularly carry out insecticidal treatment of the house.
Chickens need a first-aid kit with the necessary medications: antibiotics, first aid, vitamin preparations. It is important to apply them correctly to prevent epidemics and bird death.
What to feed chickens
For feeding broilers use ready-made feed mixtures. They have a balanced composition, there are necessary trace elements and vitamins. If the finished feed is not available, then the mixture can be made independently. It includes:
- pull corn, oats, wheat, barley,
- sunflower meal,
- meat and bone meal,
- low-fat cottage cheese.
Components bred yogurt.
Birds are fed with wet mash from grated carrots, cabbage and other vegetables, dandelion leaves, nettle, green onions.
Limestone, crushed shells, egg shells and chalk are added to food. They contain calcium, necessary for growth. Birds always need clean water.
Acquisition of young and hatching eggs
High-quality hatching eggs and healthy day-old chickens are half the success. To avoid fraud, chicks and eggs are bought only from vendors with certificates and vaccination documents. Eggs should be the correct form, with a whole shell. Chicks choose clean, active, with a full goiter and healthy paws.
It is best to buy eggs and chickens in specialized farms.