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Hornbeam tree: photos and descriptions, features and interesting facts

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The hornbeam tree belongs to the Berezov family and is deciduous, relatively low. It can often be seen not only in the forests, but also in parks, squares, on the streets, because the hornbeam is amenable to cutting, it can be given any desired shape.

Where is the hornbeam growing?

If you enter the forest, you will immediately see the hornbeam tree, where its two species grow (in Europe). In particular, this tree is common in the countries of the Northern Hemisphere, especially in Eurasia. In China, you can see almost all types of hornbeam that exist today. Most of them prefer to grow on slightly marshy, friable soil, but there are those that can take root only in the lime dry soil and cannot tolerate too high a humidity level.

Ecology hornbeam

The hornbeam tree can be considered a rather unusual plant due to the fact that there are many of its species that are completely different from each other. Some of them are shade-tolerant, others can only grow in direct sunlight. The growth from the hornbeam is quite abundant. Roots from roots sprout seldom. The bark and hornbeam wood are food for some lepidopterans, in particular for the larvae of the pyramidal moth, the winter moth, the autumn moth. If you believe the archaeological excavations, which were carried out in order to find the ancestors of this type of tree, then hornbeam in ancient times was widely distributed in the territory of Eurasia. In the Tertiary, it appeared in Asia, and after a few centuries it began to grow in Europe.

Hornbeam description

The hornbeam tree has a ribbed trunk. The bark is slightly fissured, often completely smooth, with a distinct gray tint. The crown does not differ in latitude, but is always quite dense, while it consists mainly of thin long branches. Often having the form of bushes, a hornbeam, the leaves of which always grow in two rows, is perfect for creating garden figures. The buds of the tree are sharp, have a sitting position and are covered with scales. The leaves are unusual for the Birch family, have a length of up to 10 cm. They have an oval or elliptical shape, fall down, have cloves along the edges and parallel-pinnate veins.

The hornbeam tree has dioecious flowers, they are monoecious and pollinated with the help of the wind. Pollination takes place with the help of earrings that bloom with the leaves. The flowers that distinguish the hornbeam tree (photos can be seen in the article) do not have perianth, are staminate and consist of four to twelve stamens. At the top are thin bifurcated threads, which are anthers, characterized by hairiness at the apex. Flowers are located directly in the earrings, hidden in the falling small scales. The fruits are small nuts, which are often located in a group of thirty of their own kind. The tree bears fruit every year, therefore it spreads very easily.

Hornbeam in your garden

If you like ornamental deciduous trees and want them to grow in your garden, then a better option than a hornbeam, you simply can not find. First of all, if you want to plant a hornbeam (tree), the description of which can be found a little higher, then you should know some rules:

  1. Find a suitable place to land a hornbeam. This may be sunny or slightly shaded area. The soil should be sufficiently moist and loose. Remember that a hornbeam cannot grow in salty, heavy and too acidic earth. Also, do not choose lowland wetlands.
  2. For reproduction of this tree, you can use seeds, cuttings or layering. At the same time it is better to sow the seeds immediately after harvest.
  3. The hornbeam is great for the garden, as caring for it is quite simple. The tree should be watered during the heat. If you want your trees to have an unusual shape, then it can be easily formed. From the hornbeam, you can make arches, hedge, pyramidal bushes, trees of various shapes, as well as create a living labyrinth for the garden.
  4. The hornbeam does not need additional spraying from pests, since they do not live on it. Although, if necessary, it can be processed for better growth.

Hornbeam species

There are four types of hornbeam:

  1. Cardiovascular, which has light green leaves, its crown is notable for its particular density. This hornbeam grows well even in the shade, not afraid of strong winds. It is best to plant it near the conifers or make a hedge out of it.
  2. European, or ordinary, has a very beautiful crown, oval leaves and an egg-shaped crown. It can often be found in the forests of our country.
  3. The Caroline Hornbeam can reach 12 meters in height. It is difficult to tolerate cold, so it grows in warm climates.
  4. Turchaninov's hornbeam is a special variety that does not grow above 5 meters. Resistant to cold.

Hornbeam bonsai

Although the hornbeam is a large wild tree, it is perfect for bonsai lovers. The fact is that the crown and branches of the hornbeam can be formed at will, giving them different sizes. If you decide to create your own hornbeam bonsai, then you should remember to take care of them.

Plant description

A hornbeam is a deciduous tree of the Birch family. Its height reaches 30 meters, the diameter of the trunk is small, up to 40 cm. The crown has a cylindrical shape, it is very lush and beautiful.

Depending on the species, the leaves have different lengths - from 5 to 15 cm. Their edges are jagged, the color is saturated, dark green. The lower part is covered with fibers, and the top - with thin streaks. In autumn, the leaves turn yellow, red, orange, maroon. It looks amazingly beautiful.

In the spring, as soon as the first leaves appear, there is a formation of male and female earrings, which dry out after pollination and then fly around. In their place is the formation of fruits - brown nuts of a small size, three to five millimeters in diameter. The hornbeam tree (you can see its photo in the article) bears fruit from 15-20 years of age. Lives long - 300 years.

The root system of the plant is branched, located close to the ground surface. Sometimes the roots are located and above the level of the soil. The trunk covers a smooth bark of a light shade.

The tree is characterized by slow growth, but the process can be accelerated by regular feeding. The plant prefers saturated soil and good moisture. The hornbeam tree described in the article is characterized as a light-loving, shade-tolerant plant that can withstand strong winds.

Where is growing?

Places of growth is almost the entire mainland of Europe, here the park abounds in parks and forests. The hornbeam tree is widespread in Asia, Iran, Transcaucasia, the Baltic States and such countries as Belarus and Ukraine.

It prefers to settle in deciduous forests, here it is found in the form of clean plantations. In the Caucasus Mountains, the hornbeam grows at an altitude of 2000 meters and even higher.

Caucasian hornbeam

The places of distribution of this species are Asia Minor, Iran, the Caucasus, the Crimea. In these regions, the height of the tree reaches five meters, although there are higher instances. The Caucasian hornbeam forms thickets here, which are called “grablings”. The neighbors of the tree are usually chestnuts, beeches and oaks.

Seaside hornbeam

This type of hornbeam is called “heart-emitting”, since its leaves at the base are similar in shape to the heart. In height, it grows from 10 to 20 meters.

Distribution sites are China, Korea, Japan, Primorsky Krai of our country, its south-eastern regions. Here the hornbeam prefers to settle at the foot of the mountains at an altitude of 200-300 meters, and in the shade of the second tier of mixed forests. This type of hornbeam has a high decorative effect. The tree is beautiful at any time of the year.

Caroline Hornbeam

The habitat of this tree is North America - its eastern regions. The banks of the rivers and the outskirts of the marshes are the favorite places for the settlement of the hornbeam.

He grows up to five to six meters in height. The barrel has a thin, its diameter is only 15 cm. Often found in the form of a bush with a spreading crown. This heat-loving plant, frost tolerates poorly.

Grab Turchaninov

The tree has a small height - only six meters. Place of distribution - China's mountain forests. This species is considered rare, but is famous for its high decorative properties. The hornbeam adorns the crown, which has a perfectly round shape, and leaves with a glossy surface and jagged edges. They change the color palette throughout the growing season. It looks very beautiful. In the spring the leaves are bronze, later - green, and in the fall - yellow-orange with specks of red.

Virgin hornbeam

This tree is a subspecies of the Caroline Hornbeam. The place of its growth is North America, its south-eastern regions. The plant is most commonly found in the form of a bush. Its height reaches four meters, the size of the wide crown is the same.

Named tree is used in landscape design. And this is due to the fact that it grows slowly, so it keeps its decorative effect for a long time. In addition, it easily transfers transplant and haircut, during which it can be given any shape: square, round, trapezoid, pyramidal. Hornbeam is used to form decorative hedges, sculptures and even whole paintings.

Black hornbeam

The tree is also called "oriental decorative", as it comes from China and Japan. Places of growth are the Caucasus, Crimea, Balkans, Iran and Asia Minor. The life of a slowly growing tree is 100-120 years. This kind of hornbeam in culture has been known since the 18th century, but at present it is not widely distributed.

Wood has high density and hardness. According to the traditions of the peoples of the Caucasus, it is used for the production of cues that look elegant and very beautiful. Black color of wood is achieved due to through dyeing of natural wood. The technology is kept in strict confidence. The method is considered unique, since the painted wood does not cause allergic reactions.

The black hornbeam is distinguished by a small height (6-10 meters), as well as a curved trunk. The leaves are two to five centimeters long. Strong shoots down. The crown has a round or ovoid shape. Flowering occurs in the middle of spring, and fruiting - at the end of June or early July. This type of hornbeam does not grow in wetlands and acidic soil.

Ornamental trees and shrubs: common hornbeam

This is a fairly common plant, often found in Europe. In this regard, it is called "European". Places of growth are forests, park areas, gardens. This hornbeam is a large tree, reaching a height of 20 meters. The crown is wide, its diameter is eight meters.

The plant prefers a mild climate, sunny areas and moderate soil moisture. The flowering period begins in mid-April, and at this time the tree is covered with earrings.

Using

The trunk of a hornbeam tree is bent during growth, and therefore it becomes unusable for construction. But thanks to solid durable wood, this plant has been valuable for a long time. It was used as a raw material for blacksmithing, foundry, jewelry. When burning wood does not emit smoke, so the hornbeam is widely used for baking products from flour, in the manufacture of pottery items.

Durable hornbeam wood and in ancient times, and today is an indispensable raw material for the production of various tools: ax, handles, combs. Currently, she goes to the manufacture of billiard cues, machine tools, cutting boards, flooring and many other household items.

But this wood needs additional protection, otherwise its characteristics are quickly lost. Processing is made by chemical means.

Referring to the ornamental trees and shrubs, hornbeam is widely used in various industries:

  • In animal husbandry, leaves and tree sprouts are fed to livestock.
  • The bark is used for tanning hides.
  • Different parts of the tree are used to produce oil. If it is extracted from leaves, then it is a raw material in cosmetology; if from fruits, it is used in the food industry.
  • Hornbeam did not ignore the medicine.

Hornbeam benefits

Its leaves and roots are rich in tannins, ascorbic acid, essential oils, aldehydes, caffeic and gallic acids, and much more. Fruits are rich in vegetable fat. All parts of the plant are used to make tinctures from various diseases:

  • Flower infusions of hornbeam help patients to normalize blood circulation.
  • The use of young shoots in the composition of medicinal fees helps to treat infertility, various complications during the carrying of the child.
  • Leaf infusions are used to eliminate diarrhea.
  • Juice is useful as a fortifying agent, as it contains organic matter and a lot of vitamins.
  • Hornbeam has a positive effect on muscle and bone tissue.
  • Promotes the recovery of organs after surgery and the healing of internal ulcers.
  • Hornbeam products and objects have a positive effect on vision.
  • According to researchers, hornbeam lowers blood pressure.
  • Helps to get rid of skin diseases.

Interesting Facts

A hornbeam is a tree, which by its beauty attracts a person who has the opportunity to observe all changes in the process of its growth. Here are some facts from the life of a tree:

  • Hornbeam nuts have a brown color and a shiny surface. One kilogram of fruit has 30-35 thousand nuts.
  • People gave hornbeam miraculous properties. Thus, esotericists believe that the tree influences thoughts, encourages a person to perform the right actions and actions. To recharge your energy and be vigorous for a long time, it is enough to lean against the trunk.
  • To arrange thoughts and focus on the main thing in life helps a tree planted in his garden. It is believed that then everything goes as it should.
  • If you constantly wear accessories made of hornbeam wood, the nervous system calms down, the person is not exposed to stress and depression. Snow-white products are especially popular, it is considered that their owner is noble and pure.

However, it should be borne in mind that the influence of healing and magical properties on each person is different. This is due to the nature of the people, the goals set and the ways to solve them. In each case, the hornbeam has a different impact, as adherents of the magic of the tree.

Characteristics of wood

Hornbeam wood is classified as a widespread vascular rock without nuclei. The cross section on it allows us to consider frequent thin annual ring marks, different in width and forming a chaotic speckled pattern. The light gray or whitish color of the fresh material turns yellow after some time in the open air. Layers of different ages almost do not differ in density, that is, the wood is single-pore. After processing, the hornbeam does not acquire luster, being a smooth smooth light surface with a weakly expressed texture.

The moisture content of fresh lumber is about 60%. The volumetric coefficient of swelling and shrinkage, depending on the type, is from 0.50 to 0.70%, the radial coefficient is 0.20-0.26%, and the tangial one is 0.3-0.4%. This means that hornbeam wood is a highly drying breed that can crack or warp during processing. Such capricious properties require the use of the mildest conditions. drying and special types of finishes. But competently processed material is highly stable and resistant to destruction during operation at low or moderate humidity of the ambient air.

The hornbeam has an extremely high density and is not easily machined by turning tools, and it is almost impossible to cut something out of it manually due to its high viscosity. On average, wood density is 790–820 kg / m³, which is not much less than that of white acacia - one of the most dense species. Brinell strength is 3.5 units. Hornbeam is resistant to stretching, squeezing, splitting and bending. Its mechanical characteristics are 30% superior to oak.

Before use of any kinds of fixture preliminary material drilling is required. It holds screws and nails perfectly, which is well suited for securing furniture joints and complex parts.

When using fresh wood in household products, it is recommended to cut and grind until the material is dried - in this form it is easier to process.

Despite the natural high density and wear resistance, hornbeam is considered to be a rather complex and not very practical breed, as it soaks quickly, prone to being affected by fungus and other biological pathogens. Without additional pickling and finishing, it does not apply, and is not suitable for external work. Извитая структура волокон и низкая способность к склеиванию не позволяет использовать граб в качестве конструкционного строительного материала: фанеры или клееного бруса. Для наружных работ его не применяют. Внутри помещений поверхность из граба должна покрываться защитными пропитками и толстыми слоями лака. Не стоит использовать материал в комнатах с высокой влажностью.

Spheres and features of application

This wood finds its purpose where resistance to shock loads is necessary: ​​in the manufacture of decorative elements, parts of mechanisms, sports objects. From it produce:

  • golf clubs, billiard cues,
  • weaving shuttles,
  • agricultural tools,
  • the bodies and elements of the neck of violins, guitars, details of pianos, other musical instruments,
  • cutting boards, knife handles,
  • caskets, toys, souvenirs, picture frames, panels and photographs,
  • furniture, parquet, interior decoration details.

Due to the noble light pearl color and durability, hornbeam wood has a high artistic value and is used in the creation of mosaic designs, friezes and decorative elements.

Parts of propellers are manufactured from hornbeam in aircraft manufacturing.

On average, the price of 1m³ of wood, depending on the manufacturer, is 40000–46000 rubles.

It is believed that furniture or decoration from this type of wood eliminates fatigue, gives physical strength, helps to coordinate thoughts and actions, get rid of a bad mood.

Rules for creating a hedge

From landings of hornbeam, you can create whole hedges, giving them the shape of walls or borders. With the help of any kind of trees you can create such a fence.

Curbs are created from plants of low growth, which grow no more than 0.5 meters. All dwarf trees have a crown width of not more than 30 cm and require very dense plantings. In order to maintain the beauty of the borders, the plants should be cut regularly. Similar borders perfectly will be suitable for decoration of beds and paths. But in this form they will carry only a decorative function. Hornbeam flowers never bloom on such a tree.

Hedges usually do not reach a height of more than 2 meters. They are used only to zone the area of ​​the garden or plot. Special care from the owner of the site is not required, because pruning is carried out no more than once a year. If you build a fence from this amazing tree, then the cottager will be completely protected from dust and noise. And the fragrance of the flowers of the tree will delight the sense of smell of guests and hosts.

Larger are hedges in the form of a wall - they reach a height of more than 2 meters. This element is more in demand in parks, alleys and private homes. It is recommended to plant young trees at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other.

Often, hornbeam is used to create a living wall around the site. Use for this tall plants that require little maintenance and rare pruning. Most often used for this hornbeam ordinary. It has a fairly dense crown and creates a beautiful wall.

Useful properties of the plant

Often hornbeam is used in traditional and traditional medicine. In its leaves there is a large amount of nutrients, vitamins and essential oils.

The fruits of the tree have many fat. Infusions and decoctions are used in indigestion and other problems with the digestive system. High dose tannins helps eliminate these problems easily.

Made of hornbeam flowers infusions and decoctions to combat brain tumors and circulatory disorders. With infertility and complications during pregnancy should take the fruit of the plant. They have a healing effect on a woman’s body.

But the useful properties of the tree are not fully understood. It has a lot of negative effects on the body. In particular, it impairs the work of the kidneys and digestive tracttherefore, it is not worth taking infusions and decoctions out of it.

The hornbeam is a unique plant, which is endowed with not only enormous decorative qualities, but also benefits for the human body. Today, it is possible to purchase a variety of interior items and other items that are distinguished by their strength and beauty.

Hornbeam tree description

Small deciduous tree, reaching from 5 to 30 m in height and 4-8 m in width. Crohn dense, sprawling, openwork, wide-cylindrical.

The bark is smooth, light gray. The trunk is longitudinal ribbed, fissured.

The leaves are alternate, dark green, dentate, pubescent below, 5 to 15 cm long. In autumn, they turn yellow and dark purple.

Flowers - male and female earrings. Young shoots pubescent, then naked. The tree grows slowly. Flowering begins simultaneously with the blooming of the leaves.

The fruit is a shiny, small, brown nut. Begins to bear fruit from 15-20 years. The root system is superficial, branched. A hornbeam tree is shade tolerant. Windproof.

Where does the hornbeam tree grow

It grows in the Northern Hemisphere, Asia and China. Some species settle in Europe, Belarus, the Baltic countries. Grows on plentifully moistened, friable, limy, fertile soils. On the slopes, illuminated by sunlight, forest edges, glades, coniferous and deciduous forests. Does not tolerate often flooded, watery soil.

Hornbeam growing conditions

Grows in a well-lit place or partial shade. Prefers moist, fertilized soil, slightly acidic, with a lime content. Does not tolerate seals and salinization. Drought-resistant, but in a particularly hot period, abundant watering of the plant is recommended. Carries urban conditions. Frost resistant

The hornbeam tree, the photo of which is presented above, does not require careful maintenance. But you should monitor the condition of the soil during planting and its moisture. The crown of the tree is easy to pruning and shaping.

Propagated mainly by seeds, sometimes cuttings and layering. Seeds are stratified before planting. Stratification takes place in two stages. At the first stage at a temperature of 20 degrees, 15-60 days, at the second stage at a temperature of 1-10 degrees, 90-120 days. Sow seeds in the fall, immediately after harvest. With the first sprouts, seeds are germinated at a temperature of 20 degrees or sown immediately. Store in a tightly closed container, paper or plastic bags in a dry place. Seed shelf life 2-3 years. Cuttings take root pretty quickly. The tree is resistant to pests and diseases.

Combination of hornbeam with other trees. In its natural habitat grows with oak and beech. In plantations it gets on with jasmine, juniper, fluffy oak.

Hornbeam application

Since ancient times, hornbeam has established itself as a tree, indispensable in economic activity. In ancient Chersonese, braziers filled this tree with coal. Hornbeam was also valued in foundry, forge and jewelry crafts. Hornbeam trees give a smokeless flame; this unique property of the plant allowed it to be used in pottery workshops and bakeries. They made crests of it, handles for hatchets and knives.

Today hornbeam wood serves for the manufacture of piano keys, billiard cues, cutting boards, rakes, spades, musical instruments, flooring, parquet, various types of machine tools and other items. Hornbeam furniture is famous for its durability and durability.

However, the wood of this plant is rather “capricious”, it is susceptible to moisture, it is difficult to handle with cutting tools and polishing. It is easy in coloring and staining. Without special treatment is subject to rotting.

Leaves and tree shoots are used for livestock feed. The bark is used for tanning hides. Essential oil is used from leaves and bark, which is used in modern cosmetology. Oil derived from hornbeam nuts is edible.

The decorative form of the crown allows you to use it in group and single plantings, to create hedges, parks, squares and alleys. Due to the slow growth of the hornbeam, its crown does not lose its artificially created form for a long time. Ideal plant to create bonsai. Small trees decorate residential and office space.

Leaves, flowers and tree bark have been used in medicine.

Hornbeam tree properties

Hornbeam leaves in large quantities contain tannins, aldehydes, gallic and caffeic acid, coumarins, bioflavonoids. The leaves and bark are rich in essential oils and ascorbic acid. The seeds contain vegetable fats.

Infusions and decoctions of hornbeam flowers are used to treat brain tumors and circulatory disorders. Its shoots are part of the drug collection, which is used for infertility and complications during pregnancy. Infusions from the leaves effectively treat diarrhea.

The juice contained in the shoots of hornbeam, contains a large amount of sugar and organic acids.

Esotericists attribute gram magical properties and their ability to influence people's thoughts, dispel speculation and really look at the world. Wood energizes and encourages the commission of actions and deeds.

Hornbeam Tree: Varieties

There are several varieties of this plant.

Hornbeam "ordinary" is the second name "European". It grows up to 20 m high and 8 m wide. Crohn openwork, ovoid. Grows in partial shade and in bright places. It blooms in spring during the blooming of the leaves.

"Serdtselistny" hornbeam differs transparent foliage.

Hornbeam "Karolinsky" is a thermophilic plant. Not winter-hardy, but shade-tolerant. It grows in rivers of North America.

Hornbeam "eastern" grows in the mountains. It has a twisted barrel shape. It holds rocky, mountain mounds and protects moisture in the soil.

Hornbeam crowns also differ in their shape. There are pyramidal, weeping, columnar, oak-leaved and variegated.

How the hornbeam tree looks can be viewed on the page in the photo gallery below.

Botanical description

The tree belongs to the Birch family. This deciduous tree reaches a height of 5 to 30 meters, and the width varies from 5 to 8 meters. The krone is a magnificent, cylindrical form. The hornbeam leaves are dentate, dark green in color, their length depending on the species varies from 5 to 15 cm. The underside of the sheet is fleecy and down. On the upper part are thin streaks. Autumn incredibly transforms the foliage, painting it yellow, orange, burgundy and red. In the spring, with the advent of the first leaflets, earrings of male and female are formed on the plant.

A hornbeam is a tree with a closely spaced and densely branched root system, sometimes its roots even rise above the ground. The trunk of the plant is covered with smooth light bark.

The hornbeam tree, the appearance and description of which are now clear to us, belongs to wind-resistant, tene-resistant and light-loving plants, let's see where it grows. The plant is very often found in Europe, where it grows both in park areas and in individual forests. Hornbeam is popular in Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic States and Transcaucasia.

It should be noted that the hornbeam grows slowly, in order to speed up the process, it is necessary to carry out regular feeding and give preference to rich, lime-rich soils that are well moistened.

Common Hornbeam

It occurs quite often mainly in Europe, so it is also called the European hornbeam. It grows both in forests and in gardens and park areas. It is about 20 meters high, and its crown girth is about 8 meters. The common hornbeam prefers a mild climate and grows in sunny areas with moderate soil moisture. In the second half of spring, the tree blooms, covered with beautiful earrings.

Eastern Hornbeam

This species grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, in the south and east of Europe. A distinctive feature of the eastern hornbeam is its small height, only 6-10 meters.

The barrel is most often twisted. The crown is ovoid or round.

It blooms in mid-spring, and the fruits appear in late June, early July.

Caucasian hornbeam

It is found in the northern part of Asia Minor and Iran, in the Crimea and in the Caucasus.

Most often these are low trees up to 6 meters high, although there are cases when the Caucasian species grew to 18 meters, but this is an exceptional phenomenon, which is extremely rare.

This species prefers mountain ranges and the neighborhood with oaks, chestnuts and beeches.

Cardiopulmonary Hornbeam

This deciduous tree grows in Japan, China, Korea and Primorsky Krai of Russia. Plant height - from 10 to 20 meters.

The leaves resemble a heart shape, and the name of the species comes from this.

Prefers mixed forests. It often grows at the foot of the mountains.

Caroline Grab

North America is considered the birthplace of this species, where the plant can be found along rivers and near swamps and lakes. Height ranges from 6 to 12 meters.

The plant is characterized by a ribbed stem up to 30 cm in diameter and a bushy spreading crown.

Belongs to heat-loving plants that do not tolerate cold.

Wood properties and application

Hornbeam belongs to sapwood, its wood is very dense, white-gray in color, sometimes with a greenish tinge. This tree species is very much appreciated, despite the fact that it is very difficult to work with it.

The most important thing in the process of processing this material is to dry it properly. Raw wood is very fibrous, and overdried becomes quite whimsical, so drying is always given special attention.

If the raw material is well processed, it is used for the manufacture of various household items. Also this tree is widely used as decoration of gardens and parks. We propose to focus in more detail on the main areas of application of this plant.

  • Landscape
The plant is very popular in the design of gardens, parks, and sometimes grown even indoors. Due to the fact that the tree grows very slowly and carries haircuts perfectly, there are plenty of opportunities to use it in design.

All types of this plant easily tolerate haircuts, so you can give them beautiful shapes to your taste.

These trees are also planted in pots and kept indoors. They make charming "Bonsai". They are great for office space and winter gardens.

  • Public goods
Cutting boards, shovels and a rake are made from hornbeam wood. Handles for various tools. Due to the strength of the wood, everything that is produced from it is very long.

  • Design
Such wood is widely used in the furniture industry. Despite the fact that it is not easy to work with the material, the products are of excellent strength and of the highest quality.

Hornbeam furniture looks very elegant, can complement and decorate any interior.

But the parquet of this tree will be just an amazing design decision. Such a floor looks incredible and can become the highlight of any interior.

  • Sports equipment
This wood is used to make billiard cues and golf clubs, the reason for this is the high strength of the material.

  • Musical instruments
Used for the manufacture of keys for pianos and pianos, as well as for the elements of guitars.

Useful properties and contraindications

Now that the idea of ​​what the hornbeam is already formed, it should be added that the plant has a mass of beneficial properties and is widely used in both traditional and classical medicine.

Aldehydes, coumarins, caffeic and gallic acids, flavonoids and tannins are present in its foliage. Also in the bark and leaves high content of essential oils and ascorbic acid is noted.

Hornbeam fruits are rich in vegetable fats. Infusions and decoctions of the leaves of this tree are used in indigestion and disorders of the digestive tract. The high content of tannins contributes to the normalization of these processes. From hornbeam flowers prepare various infusions and decoctions to combat brain tumors and circulatory disorders. There is a high efficiency of use of drugs based on the fruits of this plant for infertility and difficult pregnancy.

Unfortunately, the healing properties of wood are not fully understood. Among the side effects noted disorder of the digestive system and impaired kidney function. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the treatment very carefully and by all means consult with experts.

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