- The body is a cylindrical shape with strong muscles, length 47-50 cm.,
- The back is wide, fleshy sacro-lumbar part is well developed,
- A small head with short erect ears, about 11 cm long,
- The eyes are red (from pale pink to bright red),
- Wide deep chest without dewlap and short neck,
- Well pubescent short paws.
- Thick and dense fur, returning to its natural position when stroking against hair growth.
- Average live weight is about 4-4.5 kg.
- Ears longer than 13 cm
- Fallen or drooping ears.
- Rare wool.
- Body weight exceeding the threshold of 5.5 kg.
- Double chin.
Reproduction and breeding.
The females of the New Zealand red rabbit are usually larger than the males and have good maternal qualities and fecundity (8-10 rabbits in the litter). The breed of the New Zealand red rabbits is bred, as a rule, for economic purposes in order to get meat and skins. The great advantage of the breed is ripening and quick weight gain. For future offspring, it is best to take young growth at the age of 3-4 months. not necessarily related lines! The puberty of males is 6-7 months, females are 4-5 months. On average, a female brings up to 40 rabbits a year, which is about 60 kg. meat. The first vaccinations do rabbit in 28 days. Within two months, the weight of the animal reaches from 1.7 to 2 kg of fat mass. Slaughter is made at the age of 4-5 months.
What to feed?
Feeding should be carried out 2 times a day. The diet consists of hay and granulated feed (preferably a special rabbit), approximately 150-200 grams. on the head. Feed can be replaced with a grain mixture of oats, barley and wheat. Nursing uterus is recommended to add to the diet of vegetables such as carrots, cabbage or beets. It must be remembered that 70% of the food animals consume in the dark, so dinner should be more abundant. It is impossible to overfeed and underfeed animals, because malnutrition and obesity leads to not high-quality meat, skin and offspring. In no case can not water the rabbits rainwater or water from the reservoirs. This can lead to diseases and mora.
Maintenance and care of the New Zealand red
New Zealand rabbits do not like bright lights, loud sounds, sudden movements, drafts, and this undoubtedly needs to be taken into account when planning a farm and setting up animal cages. As we said at the beginning, there can be a slatted floor in the cage, because the legs of the animals are well trimmed and protected from corns. This somewhat simplifies the care of them. The cells should be arranged in several tiers and should be provided with feeders and drinkers. If you are going to keep animals indoors, then it must be remembered that it should be well ventilated, the optimum temperature should be 18-20 C. Rabbits tolerate cold much better than heat. In summertime, the young can be kept in portable cages without a bottom (just not in the sun!).
If you breed rabbits for fur, then you need to pay attention to the wool of the animal. If necessary, the rabbits must be combed; when tangles are formed, they must be carefully cut with scissors. Perhaps even bathing rabbits necessarily in a warm room, making sure that the beast thoroughly dried out after water procedures. In the process of keeping, it is important not to forget that all rabbits are very sensitive to diseases, therefore, preventive vaccinations should be carried out in a timely manner, and new ones should be kept after buying in separate cages, so that in case of a random purchase of a sick animal, they do not infect others.
Rabbits of the New Zealand red breed are very well suited for beginner rabbit breeders.
Vaccinations for rabbits
The first vaccination is done in 28 days from Myxomatosis, in 45 days of UHD (Viral Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease). Repeated vaccination of red New Zealand rabbits should be done after 3 months, then every six months.
Buy vaccines only in a pharmacy. Be sure to read the instructions for use and storage of medication. Vaccinations that were stored in violation of the temperature regime may be useless or even dangerous. The cost of 1 vaccine is about 15-20 rubles.
It is advisable for a rabbit breeder to carry out breeding work, to try to prevent closely related mating. Constantly inject new blood - change manufacturers. Buy rabbits of the New Zealand red breed on the tribe you can on our farm.
History of creation
The breed was bred in California, USA. According to one of the versions, the progenitor of the breed is considered a semi-wild bright red rabbit from New Zealand. Parent breeds that improve the blood of the semi-wild, early bastard are considered to be three breed rabbits:
- Belgian Hare
- Belgian Flandre,
Finally, the breed of early meat direction was formed in 1910. In Europe, they began to import from the end of the 30s of the 20th century. The breed was brought to Russia quite late, according to one of the sources, in 1970. Thanks to good adaptation in different climatic zones of Russia, this breed has become popular mainly in private farms.
Breed Standard, New Zealand Red Rabbit Breed
- Medium-sized rabbits with an elongated, torpedo-shaped body.
- The weight of an adult specimen is from 4.5 kg to 5.3 kg.
- The body from the midline between the ears to the root of the tail is up to 500 mm.
- The musculature is developed, the body is knocked down, compact.
- Head wide brachycephalic type, ears vertically erect
- The neck is fleshy, wide, girth up to 120-140 mm, there is no dewlap
- The body is massive, well developed, with prominent musculature, the subcutaneous tissue is dense, elastic.
- The sacral part is wide, the skin is not very tight to the body, it is possible to capture, when released it is easily straightened.
- Limbs straight, massive.
- Eyes brown in tone skin color.
- The fur is short (35-40 mm), thick, hairs are stiff golden-red, the color of the fur is lighter below.
The New Zealand red breed is easily confused with the Burgundian rabbit breed. Read how different the Burgundy rabbit from the NZK.
Weight table by month of the breed of the New Zealand red rabbit
The weight of the little rabbit at birth is from 50 to 60 grams. In adulthood, the maximum weight reaches five kg. Rabbits NZK one of the earliest in the domestic rabbit breeding. For the first 30 days, the weight increases about 10 times and is about 600 grams. Further, the monthly increase is 600-850 grams. At 6 months, the weight is approximately 80% by weight of the adult rabbit. At eight months, weight approximately corresponds to an adult weight of 4.5–5 kg. Meanwhile, this is approximate information, which can vary for each rabbit breeder, depending on experience, condition of food supply, feeding regime. Information can be used as a guide for fattening.
Care and maintenance of NZK breed rabbits
NZK - rabbits ideally suited for cellular keeping. In the pits and burrows can contain, but not appropriate. Ideal temperature conditions not higher than 25 degrees Celsius. Rabbits do not tolerate low temperatures very well. Reducing the temperature to - 15 degrees and below leads to a stop of sexual cycles, the termination of okrol. Rabbits of this breed practically do not contain in industrial conditions. However, for home keeping the breed is a red New Zealand rabbit almost perfect. Rabbits are unpretentious to the diet, but for good fattening, in addition to cheap rough feed, feed is needed, or a mash from a mixture of crushed grain. In the summer, rabbits are well assimilated with succulent feeds, in the beginning of summer tops, and in the end - root vegetables. The rabbit has a relatively short coat. Therefore, special care for the skin is not required. They try not to wash the rabbits at home, because of washing the skin of the rabbits deteriorates a lot, it is impossible to improve the condition by combing, using vitamins and other things.
New Zealand Red Rabbit Breed, Fattening Characteristic
It is believed that the productivity of the New Zealand red rabbit is inferior in productivity to the white New Zealand rabbit, however, if the red-rabbit is fed in a private farmer healthier, resistant to various diseases. However, the speed of weight gain depends not only on the breed, it depends a lot on the stability and quality of the food supply. Frequent change of diets leads to a decrease in weight gain. When fattening, pay attention to the quality, temperature and availability of drinking water. Like water is not related to weight gain, but without water, weight gain can drop significantly. When breeding rabbits in the winter, it is necessary to protect from drafts, add the total illumination near the cage. Try not to get involved in sexual stimulants to increase the sexual arousal of females and increase litters. About sexual stimulants in rabbit fertagil, surfagon and others. Do not get carried away with stimulants and generally any medications.
How to choose a healthy rabbit breed NZK
At present, the breed of the NZK can be searched in the GC of CJSC “OP VVC“ Livestock ”, Moscow. The presence of other nurseries, the New Zealand red breed of rabbits with an official license, in the Russian Federation does not exist. You can try to find a breed from private breeders. It is better to buy rabbits in adolescent rabbit age, it corresponds to 3-4 months. By human standards, it is equal to the age of 12-13 years. Healthy rabbits are considered - proportional build, fatness - factory, that is, with minimal fat deposits. Pay attention to the appetite, clean eyes, lack of discharge from the nose. A skinless without alopecia, although a molt is possible at the age of purchase, the seller will explain what needs to be done to make the molt go unnoticed by health.
The history of the New Zealand rabbits
New Zealand Rabbit - Red
In 1910, scientists from America formed a new breed of rabbits. It is believed that silver rabbit and Belgian hare served as ancestors. There is no exact data about it, so it is impossible to state with certainty. At the beginning, as a result of the crossing, the red New Zealand rabbits turned out, which fully answered the requests of the breeders. Then, in some litters, albinos were found. New Zealand white rabbits were bred from these separate specimens.
Probably, the resulting white New Zealand rabbits were crossed with Angora and even Chinchilla, as a result, by the end of the 1960s, a black variety of this breed was bred.
New Zealand rabbits are quite large animals, they reach a length of 50 cm, their weight approaches 5 kg. Strong and large hind legs and a fleshy back make it possible to use animals in meat production, many start their rabbit breeding business with this breed. Rabbit meat is considered to be a dietary and very useful product, therefore breeding rabbits is quite a profitable business. The fur is thick, the ears are more rare, the ears themselves are up to 12 cm long, the neck is short, experts believe that the shorter the crawl is, the better. The most popular color is white, without yellow spots, the eyes are red.
Red New Zealand rabbits
Red New Zealand rabbits were bred in America in 1910, animals evolved from wild animals crossed with a Belgian rabbit. Animals of strong build, have developed muscles and very beautiful fur of bright red color. Animal skins gladly use well-known fashion designers. The fur of animals is thick and wear-resistant, therefore fur coats from it are extremely in demand. A positive feature of the red New Zealand rabbits is that they easily adapt to different climatic conditions and are unpretentious in food. Females are ready for reproduction at the age of 4.5 months and in one litter there are up to 10 rabbits.
White New Zealand rabbits
In countries where rabbit breeding is developed, they prefer to breed white New Zealand rabbits. They are obtained by selection of albinos, which are then crossed with the Belgian giant. It turned out individuals with strong bones, developed muscles and snow-white fur. White rabbits a little larger than their red relatives are bred to get tasty dietary meat. and white skins. Rabbit fur is demanded by fashion designers, since any paint evenly falls on it. In Hungary, up to 30 young rabbits get one rabbit from this breed. Females produce a lot of milk to feed the offspring.
Commercial potential of the breed
New Zealand rabbits are bred in Europe since 1970 and during this time the production has proved its profitability. It is known that the output of meat from an animal reaches 60%, which is an undoubted record.. Already at the age of 3 months the weight reaches 2.6 kg, then the rabbits grow much slower. It is important to maintain a balanced diet so that the animals are not too fat. In addition to meat, gives a good profit and fur. Fiery red skins enthusiastically acquire the leading houses of models and sew wonderful coats from them. The greatest demand is enjoyed, however, the skins of white rabbits, which, in their natural form, or after dyeing, are also used for tailoring.
Many laboratories use New Zealand rabbits as laboratory animals. The fact is that the organism of these animals reacts to many drugs in the same way as a human one. In the trials of new drugs, taking part more than a million animals. They test cosmetics and medicines for such serious diseases as cancer, diabetes and others.
Choosing the right individual
New Zealand Rabbit - White
When choosing rabbits, you need to consider what a person is going to buy an animal for. If a rabbit is taken for commercial use in order to start a large herd, then the strongest and strongest rabbits should be chosen, regardless of their nature. The color of animals also matters, if the rabbit breeder wants to produce skins, then animals of white or red color are selected. However, bluffs of black and black, which are also in demand, have already been bred.
When buying a pet rabbit in order to make it a pet, it is advisable to choose an active but calm. At the same time, it is imperative to look for the rabbit to be healthy, not to hang “a rag” in his hands, but to try to explore everything around. There should be no crusts in the ears and eyes, or rashes on the genitals.
New Zealand rabbits as pets
In many countries, New Zealand rabbits are kept as pets. It is believed that these animals are intelligent and friendly, unlike dwarfs, who do not like to sit on the hands of the owner. New Zealand, on the contrary, become attached to the person who feeds them, and they are not averse to playing with the child. To keep such an animal is not very difficult, as it is unpretentious in food. Animals suffer from the same diseases as their dwarf cousins, so you need to contact an experienced veterinarian to know what to do if the rabbit gets sick. In the rabbit farms, life expectancy can be 5 years, but if the male is neutered, he will live ten.
New Zealand rabbits - beautiful animals, suitable for industrial breeding in order to obtain dietary meat and elegant skins. They early become sexually mature, breed well and develop rapidly. One rabbit can produce up to 30 cubs in a year and feed them. However, many people take the rabbits into the house and make them pets. New Zealand rabbits are pleasant to talk to, smart and love to play with children.
See also the video on this breed, in the first video you can get acquainted with the white color of the rabbit and in the second with red.