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Cock history: does a rooster cock need a hen?

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Considering that the school biology course was completed a long time ago, and much was left out of my head, questions like: “Can chickens lay eggs without a rooster?” People don’t just need this information in everyday life. That is why there is a great opportunity to spread all sorts of myths, unsubstantiated statements, harmful delusions. At best, you can just get into a ridiculous or embarrassing situation, at worst, you can pass on your delusions to children or even become a victim of fraudsters. This question should be considered in practical application in life, bypassing the boring course of elementary zoology.

Does the farm need a full-fledged chicken family?

The pastoral picture of rural life is often complemented by a classic chicken family - a rooster and a few chickens. This image is constantly replicated in children's picture books, and thanks to the visual image, the information is put aside as the ultimate truth, and then the adult does not really know if the chicken is carrying eggs without a rooster. Misconceptions are so great that there are even tips: if the chickens began to hurt badly, then the rooster does not cope with its duties.

If the question “Can chickens lay eggs without a rooster?” Turn to specialists, then you can get a definite answer - yes. However, on private farmstead continue to crow handsome roosters who are not needed at all to get the product for scrambled eggs and the morning omelet.

Can chickens carry eggs without a rooster: chicken physiology

If we consider the physiology of the chicken, then everything becomes clear. An egg is an egg cell that, on condition of fertilization, can develop into a full-fledged organism. Then the chicken will hatch from the egg. However, in the absence of a rooster, a hen cannot independently turn off the mechanism of egg production, as most female individuals cannot do in other birds and animals, including humans.

Indeed, can chickens lay eggs without a rooster and is it important? But a chicken egg is not a future chicken at all, as any female egg without the participation of male germ cells will never become a child. Therefore, in the absence of a rooster, the eggs will be, but you can not wait for the chickens.

Healing properties of fertilized eggs

Any delusion can make money. This is not a completely honest practice, often clearly flowing into fraud. For example, there is such a myth that fertilized eggs have a special set of incredibly valuable microelements that can cure everything, including severe forms of cancer. Asking a naive and harmless question of whether a hen can lay eggs without a rooster, a person does not even suspect that such ignorance plays into the hands of the schemers.

In fact, fertilized eggs do not have any magical properties, except for the pleasant likelihood of still getting a chicken at the end of the incubation period. A small number of germ cells, which are sometimes even indistinguishable by the human eye and can only be detected with the help of an ovoscope, cannot cope with diseases. Perhaps this refers to the category of mysticism, designed to use the placebo effect.

Natural update of livestock coop

Of course, a rooster in the chicken kingdom is necessary, especially if there are several good hens in the house. In this case, the young chicken will be reproduced in a natural way without additional financial injections. A small garden household in this case gets a good help.

Novice poultry farmers often worry about whether a chicken can lay eggs without a rooster, because it is primarily aimed at getting enough eggs. I want to reassure them - neither the quantity nor the quality of eggs is the absence of a male in the chicken kingdom. Otherwise, large poultry farms would work on a completely different principle.

Rooster - helper in home garden

What is the use of a rooster besides ringing crowing early in the morning and hatching of chickens from eggs? Here you should not underestimate his role, because the rooster can become a real helper, sometimes invaluable. A good rooster suggests exemplary order in the hen house, as it should be for an alpha male. Young males, designed for meat, with the older male behave calmer and better weight gain, chickens do not quarrel and do not divide the hierarchy. The rooster vigilantly watches its feathered harem, can ward off a stray dog ​​encroaching on layers or chickens, and is able to wrestle with a hawk or a ferret. It is possible to ponder whether chickens carry eggs without a rooster, but one thing is indisputable: with the rooster it will be better for the whole chicken family, and for the owner it is easier and calmer. Of course, a too aggressive bird who is ready to attack the hostess or the child is a direct way to the soup, but this is easily remedied. In a purchased batch of grown chickens, as a rule, several males come across, and you can choose the best one.

School biology and humanization of chicken

Where does the question “Can a chicken carry eggs without a rooster come from?”, Yes or no, and why won't there be any chickens if the eggs are still there? As already mentioned, people do not use the knowledge gained in school, if this is not required by their daily lives. But not only this is the reason, you can study at school, but safely ignore the information past the ears. In addition, people traditionally try to humanize all the objects around them - to ascribe to them the features and qualities inherent in people.

The model of the human family is attributed to dogs, cats, chickens, too, were no exception. In the depths of the question “Do chickens carry eggs without a rooster?” Lies the misconception that everything that was born is already a child. Therefore, when it turns out that a chicken egg without a rooster is only a food product, and not a “hapless unborn chick”, the person experiences natural bewilderment. It is advisable not to breed myth-making and not to tell children tearful stories about how the mother hens crying on the children, who have already become an omelette. Such an approach will bring nothing but harm, and chickens will not even sympathize with people, because the maternal instinct is present only in broods. An ordinary ordinary hen doesn’t care what happened to her eggs.

Can chickens lay eggs without a rooster? Stages and mechanism of egg formation

Oocytes develop in the body of mature chickens constantly. This can be seen when cutting the carcass of a slaughtered bird: a few dozen tiny “yolks” attached to the left ovary:

  • The egg cell grows to form a yolk.
  • Reaching 40 mm in diameter, the yolk from the ovary enters the oviduct.
  • The process continues with the formation of a coat of protein layer by layer.
  • After 3 hours, the formation of protein comes to an end.
  • The egg moves to the isthmus of the oviduct, where it "dresses" in the thinnest film.
    The pre-membrane film forms about 1 hour.
  • The next stage is the shell, which takes most of the time, and the super-ductile layer: it takes about 18 hours for the layer.
  • A practically finished egg is pushed out of the chicken’s body, and after 40–50 minutes the next yolk leaves the ovary.

To stop this process, the absence of a male cannot, the eggs in any case will grow and go through all stages before the formation of the egg in the form familiar to people.

Normally, hens are able to lay eggs every day if they get enough vitamins and mineral supplements with food. In this case, it is on the formation of eggs that almost all nutrients are spent. A good layer weighs a little more than 1 - 1, 5 kg. Egg production falls only when non-compliance with the conditions and feeding of poultry.

Fertilized eggs - myths and reality

So why do many people keep a rooster in the farm, if even without an extra mouth you can get a healthy dietary product that is not at all inferior to the quality of a wreck after fertilization:

  • Only from a fertilized egg, you can get a chicken, so the rooster is necessary for breeding chickens.
  • Fertilization occurs before the egg yolk enters the albumin (egg white).
  • Fertilized eggs are considered the most valuable, rich in such number of trace elements that can help cope with any disease.
  • Dietary eggs are considered only 5 days. Unfertilized have a greater dietary period - 7 days. Both 25-30 days are suitable for use with proper storage.

The special value of eggs laid by chickens that have a cock is not scientifically confirmed. Nevertheless, more and more scientists are inclined to believe that vitamins, hormones, immunostimulants, proteins necessary for the nascent life can also help a person to defeat a number of diseases, including not only a stomach ulcer and osteoporosis, but also cancer.

Important: extracts from 9-day-old chick embryos were used as raw materials for drugs. It is believed that at this time the composition is the richest in valuable trace elements that can become a panacea for such dangerous diseases as pancreatitis, tuberculosis, gangrene.

Fertilized fresh eggs are used in many folk remedies. And in the middle of the last century, official medicine allowed injections from fresh fertilized eggs with saline. Injections were given intramuscularly for the treatment of inflammatory and many other diseases. It is believed that the "living substance" of such eggs cured thousands of patients who were considered incurable. Now this method is no longer practiced.

Buying an egg not in a store, but in markets where a farmer's product costs several times more, and even from grandmothers in private farmsteads, people clearly understand what they prefer. A farm or a personal farm is free-range, a perfectly balanced diet, health and full development of the bird. After all, chickens in abundance not only mash, premixes and feed, but also fresh grass, animal protein, shell rock, sand and pebbles in the required amount. And if they are looked after by a rooster who maintains discipline, this is only for the best.

Why chickens cock?

The townspeople naively believe that an egg from a happy chicken, which the rooster does not overlook, will be much tastier and healthier. No wonder the yolk of domesticated eggs is brighter, darker, richer, and they taste much more pleasant. And they can not be persuaded, but do not argue that it’s all about diet and walking, not about bird happiness. Although cockerels on the personal farmsteads of serious owners are not translated.

The advantages of keeping chicken with a rooster:

  • Breeding: the incubation or incubation of eggs from pedigree chickens is impossible without fertilization, therefore serious breeders need to take care of a good producer.
  • Discipline: the chickens obey the rooster implicitly, run to his call, do not disperse throughout the district, trying to keep close. With a good rooster in the hen house there will always be order, he makes sure that all the hens have enough space near the feeders and in the nests, he is looking for grain, worms, calling a “companion”.
  • Security: even a small decorative cockerel can become a formidable fighter if his “harem” is in danger. Claws, spurs, beak - a dangerous weapon, and the courage of the birds do not hold, even if the enemy is much larger. The rooster is able to ward off not only predators and rodents, he arranges fierce battles with rivals - roosters, if the owners suddenly bring up another male.
  • Aesthetics: the roosters are very beautiful, they are very interesting to watch when they take care of the hens, cluck and call the owners when the egg is laid. And about the vocabulary of these birds lay down legends, young couples walked to the first roosters (that is, until the moment when they sing for the first time, announcing the advent of the new day), the cock crow broke the evil spell, evil spirits retreated when the roosters sang.
In addition, the males are much larger than the hens and gain mass faster, so that many keep them for tasty and healthy meat.

There are serious drawbacks in the presence of a rooster in the hen house:

  • Aggression: the pugnaciousness of the males is also proverbial. The reckless courage and cockiness of the roosters simply knows no bounds. These animals are often vindictive, many owners know that it is enough to offend a bird just enough to constantly wait for an attack, including from the back, in the most unexpected places. Punishment can wait and disobedient chickens who refused to recognize the leader.
  • Wounds of chickens: loving males during the “trampling” of layers can damage not only the feathers, but also the skin of chickens, the wounds are infected and inflamed. Claws cock pulls down and feathers, chickens lose their attractiveness. In no case should a male be seen in the house, 2-3 times larger than females, such “grooms” can cripple the hens
  • Protection of the nest: the instincts of chickens sharpen with the male, they tend to protect their clutches, hide them from prying eyes, incubate them, ceasing to rush.

So the cockerel can be both an assistant to the owners, and a real headache.

There are various ways to make chicken feeders with your own hands. Step-by-step instructions, as well as videos, can be found in this article.

How to choose a suitable water meter? We told about it here.

How many roosters do chickens need?

A rooster can be tracked down for 13–15 chickens, maintaining order, but the optimum number is no more than 11–13 females. Otherwise, there may be pets, which he simply will not give rest, in every possible way offending those he does not like.

With more laying hens, it is better to divide the house into several families, acquiring cockerels for each. A prerequisite in this case becomes a clear demarcation of territories. Roosters should not see each other even through obstacles, otherwise skirmishes cannot be avoided. Throwing on the hedge, trying to overcome the fence, the birds can seriously hurt themselves, in fights they can inflict deadly wounds on each other.

Important: relatively peacefully with a sufficient number of females, a maximum of 2 roosters who have grown up together can live together.

When planning a large personal farm with a house, be sure to take into account the peculiarities of keeping chickens with and without roosters in order to avoid unpleasant surprises. Beautiful birds with voiced voices bring real pleasure to nature lovers, it is interesting to watch them both for children and adults. But they can also become a source of trouble if you behave incorrectly with them, without taking into account the characteristics of the temperament of these animals.

Male functions

The rooster is the male of all galliformes, in our opinion it does not need representation. Many believe that the only thing Petka does in the hen house is to “trample” chickens. However, this is not the case and it has enough functions. Roosters are considered sacred birds in some cultures, they played and play a role in folklore and mythology, are one of the national symbols of France.

Until now, the rooster remains a symbol of bullshit and horokoristi. And such fun as cockfighting, still exists in some countries. But these are all lyrical digressions, and our task today is to clarify the role of the chicken male in the hen house, what is he for there ?!

Fertilization chickens

The most obvious and, probably, the main function of the rooster is, of course, fertilization of chickens, which is why it is needed first. Chickens can sweep under any circumstances, regardless of whether they have a male or not. But only under the condition of close “communication” with Petka, the chicken is able to carry a fertilized egg, from which the chick can later hatch. Therefore, if your goal is only to get a chicken egg without the goal of further breeding of birds, your rooster does not need a rooster.

A fertilized egg does not differ in any way from an unfertilized either externally or in composition. Some breeders claim that the eggs laid with the male are more useful, but there is no scientific evidence to that. Farmers interested in the continuation of the chicken lineage or selling hatching eggs, try to control the fertilization process. The best is the presence of 1 rooster for 10 hens.

However, remember that if you have, for example, 30 chickens, this does not mean that you need to attach three males to them. Most likely, they will engage in disassembly among themselves, and not the fertilization of your chickens. Therefore, it is better to somehow divide them into groups so that each Petka feels that he is the master of his group and does not allow fruitless eggs. A hen that leads a close “friendship” with a rooster is more prone to long hatching, because it carries eggs that can turn into chicken in the future.

It is believed that chickens somehow inexplicably feel barren eggs and do not sit on them. If Petka is present in the hen house, the chickens “cluck” with enviable regularity. And the young ladies who live without a male, sit in the nests in order to continue the race is extremely rare, it is considered even a kind of disorder in the chicken psyche. The hens contained in the poultry farms in the cages are not recognized by the roosters, they do not need them, the instinct of their incubation is almost completely lost. Поэтому яйца, которые мы покупаем в магазинах или супермаркетах – 100% бесплодны.

Социальная роль

No matter how paradoxical it may sound, but some believe that fertilization for the rooster is the tenth thing, because the hen’s eggs can be laid without him, his main role is order in the hen-house. The fact is that chickens have a rather rigid hierarchy and Petka is at its very top. The rooster, as the leader of the chicken flock, is needed in order to keep order in the hen house, to prevent squabbles and disputes. It is only necessary to temporarily suspend near the chicken coop and watch the birds from the side and it becomes immediately clear who is the master in it.

The rooster, among other things, makes sure that the chickens get up on time (and not only the chickens), so that everyone will eat, so that everyone has enough. He can pound a chicken in the henhouse, or make sure that it is demolished in time. By the way, sometimes the rooster itself sits in the nest! Naturally, he does not carry eggs, just in this way he shows the chickens where they need to be carried, especially if he is dealing with inexperienced pullets. On walking the owner of the hen house ensures that the chickens do not disperse and return to the pen in time.

Petka is a strong and dangerous opponent for rodents and small predators. Protecting laying hens and their laying from uninvited guests is also its function. Having noticed a dangerous predator, the rooster, as a rule, makes a characteristic laryngeal sound, having heard that the chickens instantly retire. The rooster, it should be noted, the bird is rather hot-tempered and cocky. It is not uncommon for such cases when he begins to defend his flock not only from predators, but also from the host. Such disassembly between Petka and man is a common thing.

By the way, if you publicly demonstrate your superiority over the chicken male, roughly speaking, “lower” him with chickens, then they can lose respect for him and the whole order in your hen-house can go wrong. The rooster, of course, can rehabilitate itself in the eyes of its many "wives" or they will choose the most lively chicken as leaders.

So do you need a rooster in the hen house?

And yes and no, depending on what you want to get from your chicken farm. As you already understood, nature has endowed the hen with the ability to rush in any case. The rooster does not affect its egg production. Therefore, if you have several layers in order to provide your family with a home-made product, you can do without it. However, if you want to breed chickens, you definitely need a male.

In addition, if you want order in your hen house, so that your chickens do not spend the lion’s share of their time in squabbles and showdowns - Petka must ensure the necessary order. For some reason, chickens a priori listen to him. Roosters are born and those who simply love these beautiful, stately and graceful birds, because very often it becomes a real decoration of the hen house.

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