The variety of watermelon Kholodok bred in the Volgograd region (Russia). The location of the breeding works is the Bykovskaya Experimental Station. This crop has middle-late ripening period, the fruits are stored without changing the quality until the New Year, therefore it is called the winter one. For full ripening watermelon need to grow for three months. This large berry has gained a very high yield - 30 tons per hectare, and seven kilograms per square meter.
The variety of watermelon Chill, the photo of which is presented for viewing, can be grown on the beds in the field and in the greenhouse. However, when planting should be aware that the watermelon needs a lot of free space. In the process of growing plants strongly branched, forming shoots. The longest stem is five meters long.
Wild watermelons were first discovered by the Egyptians 40 centuries ago. Their origin leads back into history when the ancients cultivated wild berries and learned to grow them. In our country, watermelon came from India in the 8th century. At first its size was small, like that of an orange, and the taste was bitter. After watermelon acquired the status of a cultivated plant, its taste became better, and its size became larger. To date, this type of plant has a great variety and distribution. It is grown almost all countries of the world. Breeders from Japan brought out a square-shaped watermelon to facilitate transportation.
The variety of watermelon Chill is recommended for growing in warm climates, although it tolerates frosty winters well. It gives high yields, growing in the Southern Urals, in the Volga region, Volgograd and Astrakhan regions. These regions of the middle zone of our country are considered ideal for the industrial cultivation of watermelon Chill.
Powerful bushes have many long side shoots that go to the ground to a great depth. The leaves are bright green large. They are cut into narrow lobes. Fruits are of medium size, from 4 kg. The shape of the berry resembles an elongated ball. The peel of moderate thickness is green with a barely visible net on a smooth surface.
In ripe watermelon, the pulp is grainy and very juicy, with a pink tint. Its taste is very sweet, and the smell is fragrant, thanks to which the watermelon variety Chill received recognition in our country among middle-late crops of this species. Seeds 15 mm long have a light brown color, their surface is mottled, rough to the touch.
They are planted in pursuit of two goals: to obtain seedlings and to grow watermelons right in the ground. For seedlings are placed in containers with pre-prepared soil. The distance between them is 70 cm, and between the rows - 150. If the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse, the seeds are sown in April. Timing is shifted if the seedlings are planned to be planted in open ground. This should be done in May or June. The seedling is ready for further use after three or four leaves appear on it, which is about a month in time.
In order for the planted plants to quickly take root and form without problems, it is necessary two months before they are planted to apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers to the ground. Depending on the place of growth planting pattern is different. If watermelons are grown in the garden under the open sky, they are planted according to the scheme 140x110 cm, if in the greenhouse - 70x70 cm, although the dimensions may be different. Planting can be done by seeds or seedlings. For this, wells are made with a depth of 10 cm. They contain seedlings or seeds. Holes are dripped with soil and watered.
To get a lot of tasty fruits, you need to take comprehensive measures to care for the culture, which are as follows:
- When the seedlings begin to grow, they should be tied up. This saves space and labor costs for growing. At a level of 50 cm from the ground surface, the plants are tied to the trellis. This procedure is necessary for watermelons growing on the beds in the garden and in the greenhouse. So each stalk, leaf and fruit will be able to receive more light, which is so necessary for plant growth and the formation of fruits.
- For large fruits should get rid of excess whips. Side shoots are usually removed. With the formation of new, they pinch. This is done in tied and creeping watermelons.
- Need to get rid of unnecessary ovaries. For further maturation, up to three watermelons are left on the plant.
- If to save space, the variety of watermelon Chill is tied up, then this should be done not only with the stems, but also with the fruits. In this case, they are put in mesh bags and attached to the trellis. If this is not done, the fetus will break off and break.
Watermelon Chill: description, cultivation, photoWatermelon Chill has established itself as a delicious variety and has become widespread among all its lovers due to its extraordinary juiciness and sweetness. This type of name was not accidental - it is able to withstand low temperatures and can be stored right up to frosts, adding a few summer shades to the winter holidays.
Characteristics of a variety
This variety was bred by domestic breeders. Differs in its unpretentiousness, long shelf life and excellent taste characteristics.
Watermelon Chill is referred to as varieties of medium-late ripening, its growing season is about three months. The term of ripening is 85-97 days from the moment of germination to the primary fruit harvest. Basically, the yield of this variety is about 30-35 tons per hectare. Chill can be grown in greenhouse conditions, and in open ground.
Like all representatives of this species, this watermelon has a low calorie content and a large number of useful trace elements and vitamins in its composition.
Features and differences from other varieties
Watermelon Chill is distinguished from other varieties by the fact that it tolerates transportation very well and can be kept in good condition for 3-5 months. Its feature is also a relatively high resistance to such diseases as anthracnose, powdery mildew and fusarium.
In general, it is one of the most popular varieties in the CIS countries, it is grown both for fresh consumption, and for canning, as well as for use in various culinary recipes.
Planting seeds can be done with two objectives: for growing seedlings and for growing directly in the ground. In order to grow seedlings, first you need to put the seeds in special containers, in which there is a prepared soil. The landing pattern: 700 x 1500 mm.
The planting procedure should be carried out in April, if then you plan to replant the seedlings in greenhouse conditions, or in late May-early June, if you then place the seedlings immediately in open ground.
Readiness is determined by the presence of three or four full leaves on seedlings. Mostly ripening takes place within a month.
There is also a method of growing this variety, not involving the use of seedlings, the essence of which is to plant the seeds immediately in open ground at a permanent place.