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Tomato Budenovka: features of cultivation and advantages of the variety

Tomato varieties are so many that you can get confused when choosing. Each manufacturer offers only the best, most delicious and most resistant varieties. In fact, the situation is somewhat different. Many gardeners annually plant up to a dozen new super varieties that are no longer being bought next year. Very often, the reason for this is not the quality of the seeds or the misleading description on the label, but the conditions for growing the variety.

Each region is characterized by its own characteristics: air temperature, amount of precipitation, soil composition, and many others. Moreover, in the context of global warming, the picture of spring-summer weather is unstable and can vary significantly from year to year. Therefore, vegetable growers are increasingly paying attention to hybrid varieties, hoping with their help to get a good crop that will ripen and not be lost. But we all know that a hybrid is a hybrid, something crossed, not quite natural, also fruitless. Something inside makes you stop searching and still find such tomatoes that will not have the designation F1 on the bag of seeds.

What attracts tomato Budenovka and where to buy it

Tomato Budenovka, a description of the variety and cultivation of which is revealed in this article, was developed in the mid-80s and is quite popular to this day. Firstly, it is one of the non-hybrid varieties, which is distinguished by its particular simplicity. Secondly, the fruits of Budenovka are notable for their good taste, lack of wateriness, resistance to cracking during rainy summer and resistance to late blight. Thirdly, many people collect the seeds of the best fruits and next year they plant their own, proven ones.

Seeds of this variety can be purchased at almost any online store; they are produced by all well-known agricultural companies: SibNIIRS, Plasma seeds, Aelita, Agros, GL SEEDS, Seeds of Altai, Ural summer resident and many others. They are available in many seed collectors, for example, the gardener Valery Medvedev (semena.svoitomaty.ru) or Lydia Ishimtseva. By the way, by purchasing seeds from such specialists, you are guaranteed to get exactly what you expect, and the region of residence of collectors will tell you in which zones the variety is adapted.

Tomato Budenovka: characterization and description of the variety by breeders
- a variety of medium ripening - 110 - 130 days from seedling sprouting to ripening of the first fruits,
- powerful bush, medium height - usually about 70 - 80 cm, compact,
- the size of the fruit is different: the largest tomatoes reach a weight of 300 g, mostly 150 - 200 g,
- Tomatoes have a characteristic shape: slightly elongated with a pointed "spout" below,
- 5 to 7 fruits are formed on the fruiting brush, ripening of the brushes occurs one after another,
- good taste, pulp medium juicy, thin skin. The fruit itself is strong, lies well.
- the main purpose is lettuce, but small and medium fruits can be used for sauces, pastes or curing, and, you can freeze them, slicing them.
- cultivation is universal: it is possible in open beds, greenhouses or under polyethylene shelters.

Tomato Budenovka: characteristics and description of agricultural engineering

Like other varieties Budenovka grown seedling method. Usually sown in early March, if you plan to plant in the greenhouse. For open ground - about 1.5 - 2 months before disembarking. Sow the seeds in specially prepared boxes of soil (you can use the store mix). If non-branded seeds are used, they should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.

Next, the traditional growing scheme:
- we cover with cellophane or film, put in a warm place and wait for germination,
- remove the film set in a bright place before the germs of these leaves,
- we dive the plants into separate pots of a spacious size (a branched root system must form in tomatoes and there must be free space for this),
- as the land dries, we pour water at room temperature, do not forget about the light mode (if necessary, we use special fitolamps),
- the Budenovka grade loves top dressing, but it is not worth re-fertilizing the seedlings so that the plants will take root well after disembarking to a permanent place,
- Be sure to harden the seedlings a couple of weeks before planting.

The soil for tomatoes is prepared in the fall, it is good to use siderat plants - the so-called green fertilizers. In addition, organic and mineral fertilizers are used. The ground for tomatoes must be loose, of normal humidity and fertile, this also applies to the soil in the greenhouse. Plants are planted at a distance of 30 - 40 cm from each other. This variety requires a garter, the plants often form in one stem.

To prevent the bush from growing very high, it is necessary to pinch the tip to stop growth. The soil around the plants is mulched, sawdust is well suited for this purpose, which will prevent the soil from drying out and at the same time place rapid growth of weeds. Watering is done with warm water, abundantly, not falling on the leaves (and especially fruits). During the season they fertilize three times, using complete mineral fertilizers or organic solutions (mullein, chicken or quail droppings). Bushes Budyonovki not necessarily stepchild. But it should be borne in mind that the removal of stepsons affects the large-fruited, that is, tomatoes ripen more large. In more northern regions, tomatoes can be removed for ripening.

Tomato Budenovka: description of the variety by summer residents, reviews

Responding to Budenovka is very positive, noting that even with cold summer this variety gives a good harvest and does not undergo phytophthora disease, tomatoes do not lose their taste qualities. There is also evidence that ripening occurs later than that of other mid-season varieties. In the open field, tomatoes ripen a little smaller than in greenhouses - on average just over 100 g in weight. The yield of the variety is good - up to 5 - 6 kg from one bush, it is higher in greenhouses.

It turns out that Budenovka is a very good, reliable and proven variety that has a large number of adherents among amateur gardeners and professional growers.

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Description varieties tomato budenovka

Tomato Budenovka belongs to large-fruited medium-early (its ripening period is on average 107-110 days) varieties. It happens that it reaches a height of 150 cm. Budenovka gained considerable popularity among gardeners and firmly established itself in many household plots, primarily due to extreme simplicity in growing and care, relatively high resistance to late blight and other diseases, as well as cracking, extremely high yield and excellent taste.

This article has helped many gardeners to stop straining at their site and at the same time receive a generous harvest.

I never would have thought that in order to get the best harvest in my backyard during my entire dacha career, all I had to do was stop picking on the beds and trust in nature. How many can remember, every summer I spent in the country. First on the parent, and then my husband and I bought ours. From early spring to late autumn, all free time was spent on planting, weeding, garter, pruning, watering, harvesting and, finally, conservation and attempts to preserve the crop until next year. And so in a circle.

Well viable seedlings sprout well. Therefore, before sowing, it is necessary to select seeds suitable for it, i.e. to reject. Rejection can be done in two ways:

  • Manual method. This method means attentive visual inspection of the seed. Seedlings that have obvious signs of disease or that differ in color or size from healthy seeds should be separated.
  • With the help of ordinary food salt. Seeds should be placed in a 1.5% salt solution and see which ones sink to the bottom of the tank. Floated seeds are not suitable for sowing. The seeds at the bottom are healthy and should be used as a seed. After selection, the seeds should be thoroughly rinsed.

Tomato sowing budenovka

In order for Budenovka to give good shoots, it needs light and highly fertile soil.

Tomato refers to those plants that are grown seedlings. Before you start sowing, the seeds should be washed and soaked for a while, after having been treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Experienced gardeners recommend starting seedlings at the beginning of cold weather retreat (end of March - beginning of April), when the soil temperature will be at least 20 °. It is not advisable to immerse the seedlings to a depth of more than 0.5 cm.

In the flowering phase of the first brush, it is necessary to replant the sprouting tomato seeds to a new place only after the frosts have passed. The seeding depth should be equal to 1.5-2 cm and should be carried out according to the scheme 60 × 30-35 cm. You can also add humus to the dug hole or 10 grams of superphosphate.

The first inflorescence of a tomato can be seen over a 9-11 leaf, the gap between subsequent inflorescences is three leaves. The number of fruits in each inflorescence varies from 3 to 7.

Tomato care "budenovka"

Growing this variety of tomatoes does not require excessive efforts (perhaps the only time-consuming process can be called the formation and tying bushes, which is especially necessary for greenhouse plants). Indeed, even in not the most successful seasons, you can count on a high yield of tomato Budenovka in the form of large and extremely tasty fruits of salad destination.

As the bush is formed, it must be strengthened in time for further growth (tie each bush to the stakes). Tomato requires periodic watering. Particular attention should be paid to watering at certain stages of growth of a tomato: before flowering, with the appearance of ovaries and at the very beginning of fruit ripening. After the plant is poured, it is necessary to loosen the ground near it and tear off the lower leaves.

For good ripening of fruits and early harvest with excessive growth of seedlings need to remove the newly appearing shoots (stepchildren). If a split has occurred at the top of the plant, it is necessary to tie each twig to the greenhouse grids.

Trunks of tomatoes spud in pairs, then fall asleep them with hay or torn grass.

It is also worth noting that for normal development, Budenovka needs to be fed with elements such as phosphorus and potassium: as a fertilizer for this variety, you can use, for example, a solution of crushed superphosphate and an infusion of ground egg shells.

Tomato harvest

A characteristic feature of this variety is a kind of ripening: it passes from late July to early autumn, and the fruits ripen from the inside. That is, when outwardly tomatoes look greenish, inside they are already fully ripe. The fruits are removed in the phase of pink or brown ripeness.

In late July, ripening of tomato planted in open ground begins. The weight of one fruit of this variety, as a rule, is about three hundred, and often can reach seven hundred grams.

The average yield per bush is about four to five kilograms, and with proper season care, up to seven kilograms of tomatoes can be collected from a bush. At the same time, the tomato Budenovka has almost identical fruits with fleshy, sweet pulp and a very small seed box.

Tomato application

Fresh tomatoes contain a huge amount of beneficial vitamins and minerals, especially potassium, iron and magnesium. Eating tomatoes is medicinal and even suitable for allergies.

  • Tomato Budenovka can be used fresh. It is also very good for further processing.
  • Small and not very large fruits of tomato are usually used for canning. Larger ones are good for making pasta, juice, mashed potatoes, lecho, etc.
  • Sliced ​​tomato slices can be frozen.

With constant consumption of tomatoes, there is a significant decrease in the level of cholesterol in the blood, improvement of the functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and normalization of blood pressure, which has a positive effect on the general condition of the body.

Features varieties "Budenovka"

“Budenovka” is a large-fruited medium-early tomato, the ripening period of which is 108-111 days from the moment of planting. Sometimes the plant reaches 150 cm in height.

This variety of tomato has gained wide popularity due to its unpretentiousness to the conditions of cultivation and care, as well as a high level of resistance to late blight and other diseases. Tomatoes bring a very high yield and have excellent taste properties.

When describing this variety of tomatoes, it should be noted that the fruits are rather large and fleshy, weighing 0.2-0.4 kg each (in some cases it is possible to harvest tomatoes weighing 0.7 kg). They have a pink-red color, heart-shaped and sweetish taste.

Tomatoes "Budenovka" can be used both fresh and canned, and in the summer season they are indispensable in salads.

To prepare tomatoes for the winter, you can use fruits of any size:small ones are closed whole, and large ones are processed into juice or tomato sauce.

How to pick and prepare seeds for sowing

To collect the seeds choose a large healthy tomato (the most red and fleshy), which is fully ripe in the vine. However, if you miss this moment and pick all the fruits, they can ripen on the windowsill.

The seeds are removed from the tomato with the pulp, then placed in a glass container and 2/3 of the volume is filled with water. Then the jar or glass should be left in a warm place for 5-7 days. During this period, the fermentation process will take place in the tank, and after the indicated time has elapsed, the entire contents of the jar are well washed and dried.

Dry loose seeds are stored in an airtight glass container, which is filled to half its volume. In order not to get confused in varieties, you should stick a label with its name and date of collection of seeds.

When preparing seeds for planting, it is necessary to understand that only viable seedlings germinate well. For this reason, before sowing them into the ground, suitable samples should be selected and screened. Most often it is carried out in one of two ways:

  • Manually, when very carefully inspect the entire seed and visually determine the good and bad specimens.
  • With the help of common table salt: all prepared seedlings are placed in a 1.5% salt solution, after which they monitor which of them will sink to the bottom of the pot. The sprouted seeds are unsuitable for sowing, but those that were on the bottom are completely healthy and perfectly suited for the role of seed.
Properly prepared seeds are suitable for planting for 10-12 years.

Growing your own seedlings

Tomatoes are grown in a rassadny way, but before being placed in the ground, they should be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). Preparation of seedlings begin when the soil temperature is not less than + 2 ° C (March-April). The process of sowing itself consists of two stages: soil preparation and the direct planting of seeds.

Soil preparation for planting

The soil for tomatoes begin to prepare in the fall. For these purposes, it is good to use green manure plants, which are also called “green fertilizers”. It would be nice to add organic and mineral fertilizers to the soil, loosen it and create the optimum level of humidity. These requirements also apply to soil preparation in the greenhouse.

Today, Budenovka is used for planting both in open ground and in protected soil, but without shelter it grows well only in regions with a fairly warm climate. In the middle lane, in order to get a full-fledged harvest, tomatoes are better to grow these tomatoes in greenhouse conditions. In open ground, the height of plant bushes reaches 1 m, and in greenhouses up to 1.5 m.

Scheme and depth of sowing seeds

Once the ground is warm enough, you can start planting tomatoes. Seeds are buried in the ground by 0.5 cm, gently pressing the soil on top. The distance between neighboring seedlings should not be less than 15-20 cm. If the seedlings climb too tight, it can always be thinned when landing in the ground.

Planting seedlings in open ground

Transplantation of germinated plants to a new place (in a greenhouse or in an open ground) is performed at the stage of the appearance of the first brush with flowers. However, even in this case, planting of tomatoes is possible only after the last frosts have passed.

Usually, plants are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, sinking to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, although gardeners often follow the 60x35 cm scheme (distance between rows 60 cm, and 35 cm between plants in a row). To improve the composition of the soil and create more favorable conditions for future tomatoes, you can add superphosphate and humus to the soil. The first inflorescence of the planted plants is formed above the 9-11 leaf, and the gap between the remaining inflorescences is 3 leaves.

Caring for tomatoes in the process of growing

Выращивание томатов «Буденовка» (немногоудлиненнойформы) не потребует от вас чрезмерных усилий, так как единственным трудоемким процессом является формирование и подвязка кустов, что очень важно для тепличных растений.

Даже в не самые удачные сезоны можно рассчитывать на высокую урожайность томатов этого сорта (он ценится за отличные “салатные” качества). Для дальнейшего роста и развития куста его необходимо своевременно укреплять (каждый куст подвязывают к вбитым в землю кольям).

Полив и подкормка почвы

The first time after you plant the seedlings in the ground, the plants need to be watered 2 times a week, but over time, the watering can be reduced to once in 7-10 days. In this case, only the lower part of the plant needs to be moistened, while the tops themselves do not like “baths” very much. After watering, you must immediately loosen the soil and remove the lower leaves.

If it is too hot outside, in order to avoid drying out of the soil, the bases of the bushes are covered with dried tops or hay. “Budenovka” requires moderate but regular watering, and at the flowering stage, the formation of ovaries and the subsequent formation of fruits should be increased.

No less important is the timely feeding of tomatoes. The main elements of full growth of tomato are phosphorus and potassium, which means that superphosphate or an egg shell extract is ideal for plants. The first feeding is done not earlier than 2 weeks after transplanting.

Masking and hilling bushes

Pasony of tomatoes, including the described variety, involves breaking off (plucking) unnecessary stepsons (lateral shoots that grow from the leaf axils). Their absence contributes to the early ripening of fruits, since all the forces of the plant are spent on them.

Due to hilling, which is performed in pairs in tomato varieties “Budenovka”, additional roots quickly appear in the plants, moisture is preserved and overheating of the root system is prevented in extreme heat. After hilling trunks, they are often sprinkled with hay or grass.

Garter plants

Variety "Budenovka" can be called a heavyweight, because of what he especially needs in the formation of bushes and garter. Thin and fragile stems often bend under the weight of the fruit or even break, therefore plant garter is one of the main processes at all stages of the crop ripening, which will require some effort from you. Pegs hammered into the ground are excellent for the role of support. Shrubs tie up as they grow, taking into account the maximum length of the tops of 1.5 meters.

Useful properties of tomato "Budenovka"

So, we found out that even unsuitable seemingly tomato varieties “Budenovka” can be eaten, since inside they are already ripe. These tomatoes are great for salads, and if you want to use them for juice or sauce, then leave the brown fruits for 2-3 days in a bright place.. During this time, they will acquire the usual red color and become softer. In addition, these tomatoes are great for preservation (it is better to select small fruits) or even freeze.

This variety is very rich in vitamins and beneficial trace elements, but its main advantage is the absence of allergens. (even allergies can enjoy it without fear for their health). Fresh fruits contain a large amount of potassium, iron and magnesium. Continuous consumption of tomatoes of the Budenovka variety helps to reduce cholesterol in the blood, tune the gastrointestinal tract and normalize blood pressure, which has a positive effect on the general condition of the body.

With a little effort, you can enjoy a wonderful harvest of delicious fruits.

Peculiarities of growing tomato budenovka

Only viable seedlings will germinate, so seeds should be sorted initially. This can be done manually, by visual inspection and separation of unhealthy seed material. Alternatively, you can use edible salt.

To do this, 1.5% saline drops seeds. Those of them that emerge will not be suitable for sowing. Scheme of the correct formation of a tomato bush. Tomato budenovka is grown by seedling method.

Seeds before sowing should be soaked for a short time, treating the manganese solution in front of it. It is recommended to prepare the seedlings in late March or early April, when the cold starts to recede and the soil warms to 20 ° C. It is not necessary to lower the seedlings to a depth exceeding 0.5 cm. Transplantation of germinating seeds during the flowering of the 1st hand to a new territory is allowed only after the freezing stops.

Planting should be at a depth of 1.5-2 cm, adhering to the 60x35 cm scheme. You can add a little superphosphate, humus to the prepared well. The first inflorescence of the plant is formed above the 9-11 leaf. The gap between the remaining inflorescences is 3 leaves.

From 3 to 7 fruits are formed in each of them.Growing tomato budenovka does not require much effort.Even in not very successful seasons, you can get a rich harvest of tomatoes. Features of cultivation include a few points.

During the formation of bushes in order to strengthen them, they must be tied to stakes. Periodically, the plant should be watered. Particular attention should be paid to this process before flowering, during the formation of ovaries, at the beginning of the ripening of tomatoes.

After watering, it is recommended to loosen the ground and remove the lower leaves. In order for the fruit to sing well and the crop to be early, with the enhanced growth of seedlings, the stepson should be removed. With a split top, each branch must be tied to a greenhouse grid.

Plant trunks are tucked in pairs, after which they are filled with hay. For full development, the tomato needs phosphoric and potassium top dressing. The egg shell extract and the superphosphate solution are excellent for feeding. The ripening of fruits begins from the end of July and lasts until early autumn. Moreover, this process begins from the inside. Fruits are removed in the pinkish / brown ripeness phase.

Tomato Budenovka: features of cultivation and advantages of the variety

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To grow this variety of tomato in areas with a predominantly cold climate, special shelters or film greenhouses must be built. Planting a tomato in the open ground can, if the weather, in which the planting takes place, will be consistently warm.

Tomato Budenovka belongs to large-fruited medium-early (its ripening period is on average 107-110 days) varieties. It happens that it reaches a height of 150 cm. Budenovka gained considerable popularity among gardeners and firmly established itself in many household plots, primarily due to extreme simplicity in growing and care, relatively high resistance to late blight and other diseases, as well as cracking, extremely high yield and excellent taste.

Tomato seed rejection

Well viable seedlings sprout well. Therefore, before sowing, it is necessary to select seeds suitable for it, i.e. to reject. Rejection can be done in two ways:

  1. Manual method. This method means attentive visual inspection of the seed. Seedlings that have obvious signs of disease or that differ in color or size from healthy seeds should be separated. With the help of ordinary food salt. Seeds should be placed in a 1.5% salt solution and see which ones sink to the bottom of the tank. Floated seeds are not suitable for sowing. The seeds at the bottom are healthy and should be used as a seed. After selection, the seeds should be thoroughly rinsed.

In order for Budenovka to produce good shoots, it needs a light and highly fertile soil. The tomato belongs to those plants that are grown by seedling. Before starting sowing, the seeds should be washed and soaked for a while, after having treated them with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Experienced gardeners recommend starting to prepare seedlings at the beginning of cold weather retreat (end of March - beginning of April) when the soil temperature is at least 20 °.

It is not advisable to immerse the seedlings to a depth of more than 0.5 cm. It is necessary to replant the sprouting seeds of a tomato Budenovka in the flowering phase of the first hand to a new place only after the frosts have passed. The depth of seeding should be equal to 1.5-2 cm and carried out according to the scheme 60x30-35 cm. You can also add humus to the dug hole or 10 grams of superphosphate.

The first inflorescence of a tomato can be seen over a 9-11 leaf, the gap between subsequent inflorescences is three leaves. The number of fruits in each inflorescence varies from 3 to 7.

Growing this variety of tomatoes does not require excessive efforts (perhaps the only time-consuming process can be called the formation and tying bushes, which is especially necessary for greenhouse plants). Indeed, even in not the most successful seasons, you can count on a high yield of tomato Budenovka in the form of large and extremely tasty fruits of salad destination. As the bush is formed, it must be strengthened in time for further growth (tie each bush to stakes).

Tomato requires periodic watering. Particular attention should be paid to watering at certain stages of growth of a tomato: before flowering, with the appearance of ovaries and at the very beginning of fruit ripening.

After the plant is watered, it is necessary to loosen the ground near it and tear off the lower leaflets. In order for fruits to ripen well and get an early harvest with excessive growth of seedlings, the newly emerged shoots (stepchildren) must be removed. If a split occurs at the top of the plant, it is necessary to tie each twig to the greenhouse grids. The trunks of tomatoes spud in pairs, then fall asleep them with hay or torn grass. It is also worth noting that for normal development Budenovka needs to be fed with elements such as phosphorus and potassium: As a fertilizer for this variety, you can use, for example, a solution of crushed superphosphate and an infusion of ground egg shells.

Comments

  • Anonymous04-11-2013 - 20:11

I experimented with many different sotra many, but I come to one opinion of the best variety, like Budenovka not, an excellent variety of salad destination, and for pickling soot hybrid Caspar

Soot for many years. I'm not complaining about the harvest, the variety is very good. I rate him on the same level with Budennovka. Even with not very successful seedlings quickly goes into growth and gives a good harvest. You just need to remember to fertilize and air the greenhouse.

Planted for the first time. Let's see what happens. I hope for a good harvest.

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XI want to tell you how I grow tomatoes.Soot grade Budenovka (improved Bull heart).I will not write about how to plant seedlings before picking.

About this, probably, everyone already knows. I'll start with picking seedlings. I harvest the land in the fall.

On 1 bucket of humus I add 1/2 parts of the earth, 1/2 parts of sand, 2 glasses of ash and 2 matchboxes of superphosphate.Before picking, I fill the ground for 1/2 capacity, as with the growth of seedlings I add ground to the top.

After the seedlings have been picked out, you need to put it in the shade for about 3 days. Two weeks after the picking I watered the seedlings with an environmentally friendly fungicide, and two weeks later I watered. Yes, yes, ordinary braga.

On a liter jar I put 0.5 kg of sugar and 0.5 sticks of yeast. In total, during the growth of seedlings I make 3-4 supplements - this is very important.

As small children are given vitamins, so the seedlings need additional feeding during the growth. During the growth I cut off the lower leaves, if they start to turn yellow, loosen, and most importantly - I do not allow the thickening of the seedlings. Constantly pushing as soon as the leaves begin to close.

Tomato seedling very well remembers information about how it grew in childhood. I start sowing seeds at the very end of February or at the beginning of March. By May, tomatoes are already beginning to bloom, collect buds.

In early May, I plant in a greenhouse. Greenhouse length 9.5 m. Making two ridges. I plant a seedling through 80 cm in a staggered manner. I make deep holes, fill 1/3 of a bucket of humus, 1 cup of ash and 1 tsp. superphosphate.

I mix everything with a shovel three times, spill well and plant the seedlings under the arc, close with acrylic. When you plant seedlingsShe will sit in a dimple. But after each watering it is necessary to loosen the earth and each time - it is getting wider.

In this case, you will tear off the bottom 3 leaves. After 10 days it is necessary to feed the mullein or bird droppings. The seedling begins to thrive, remove all stepchildren.

And as soon as the top begins to double, I tie each branch up to the greenhouse trellises. The abundant flowering of seedlings begins. At this time, it is necessary to conduct foliar feeding. Then begin to tie fruit.

When the first brush is fastened, below it all the leaves break off. Above are tied - again below the fruit all the leaves are removed. I leave 3-4 stepsons, but only after the first split. I spud tomatoes into pairs.

Now after hilling, she began to fill the ground with hay. If there is no hay, cover with torn grass. Tomatoes like to grow dry, but so that the “legs” are wet. Do not forget to tear off the leaves after each tomato.

Remember that you do not grow tops, and tomatoes. I read somewhere that tomatoes then fear the threat of death and give birth to offspring, i.e. the fruits that we need. But do not throw away tomato tops.

Since I began to water the fermented plum tops, currants, etc., I got rid of ants and aphids. This sour tops must be diluted four times and completely, together with the leaves, poured under the bushes.

It may be that the process will seem laborious to someone, but remember that you planted not 250, but only 50 roots. Now I don’t know where to put tomatoes from 50 roots, I pick up buckets, they start singing very early and grow until late autumn.

Once a week I will surely cut all the stepchildren and extra leaves with scissors. Each tomato grows in the sun. Tops cut off when they grow to the top of the greenhouse.

In early October, we pick the last tomatoes that grow very large. Try, plant at least one garden bed, not thickening it, free yourself time to rest. Believe me, you will have no less tomatoes, but more and of excellent quality.

You will not suffer, growing a lot of seedlings, not knowing where to stick it. All this is verified by personal experience and not one year. This year everyone had a bad harvest of tomatoes. And even summer residents came to me, bought tomatoes, tearing them red from branches from July to September - after all, with such a planting, there can be no crop failures.

Varieties of large-fruited tomatoes - which is better to plant in a temperate climate zone

Recommendations for growing tomatoes in the northern regions of the country

To date, there are many different varieties and hybrids of tomatoes, mainly Dutch and American selection. Despite the fact that they have a high potential yield (some hybrids yield up to 500 kg / ha) in breeding plots, they do not show such results in ordinary open ground.

Moreover, growing the seeds of a foreign selection, you run the risk of being completely without a crop, as they are very sensitive to temperature extremes and a sharp cooling. It is desirable to grow them in the greenhouse. At the same time, you should pay attention to the usual Russian tomato varieties, which are not so fruitful (at best, you can collect 35 t / ha), but they are stable and less susceptible to fungal diseases. To begin, consider the most productive and large-fruited tomatoes of early ripening.

  1. Upstart. This vegetable got its name due to too early ripening - the fruits of technical ripeness can be obtained already 95 days after the seedlings are planted in the soil. They are relatively large, reaching 115-155 grams with the usual care and periodic watering. The peculiarity of this vegetable is its stability, which allows collecting up to 16-19 tons per hectare during periods of drought and in cold summer. Tastes are good, tasting score 3.8 points on a 5-point scale. It should be noted high resistance to dry rot and brown spot - the plant almost does not need to be sprayed throughout the season. Bushes reach 86-93 centimeters in height, upright and not sprawling, have very solid stems.F1 Paradise. Ultra early hybrid with maturity of 79-83 days. Its main advantage is a good harvest of an early vegetable, which reaches 40 tons per hectare. For this category is an excellent indicator. The bushes are very tall, up to 153 centimeters, and the stem is upright and very thick. The fruits are relatively small when compared with the "giants" - only 140 grams, some instances grow to 250 grams. But their main advantage is an extremely pleasant dessert taste: they are very sweet, dense, without any hardening and veins. High resistance to powdery mildew and various insect species makes this hybrid one of the leaders among early ripe tomatoes.F1 Big Brother The average term of ripening, with large fruits (some grow to 290 grams, the average - 180-220 grams) and tall bushes, growing to 143 centimeters. The advantage of this variety is its resistance to anthracosis and verticillary wilt, which is quite a rarity, especially among early hybrids. Planting density - no more than 4 plants per 1 square meter, if you need to get big fruits - up to 2.5-3 pieces per 1 sq. M. Has a good selling look. Повышенная транспортабельность овоща и его длительное хранение сделали его одним из самых известных гибридов, рекомендованных для промышленного выращивания на территории России.Журавлик. Неплохой овощ, который не обладает никакими экстраординарными возможностями. Он просто рано поспевает и дает стабильные, большие урожаи крупных помидоров из года в год. The bushes are of medium height, not more than 108 centimeters, slightly sprawling, the average statistical weight of fruits is 145-185 grams, there are instances of 400 grams each. It is desirable to grow in greenhouses, as the seedlings are very sensitive to droughts and temperature changes. Planting density is high - 4 pieces per 1 square meter. Vegetable is extremely resistant to tobacco mosaic and anthracosis, you need only 1 spraying throughout the growing time in the garden. As for the taste of vegetables, they are quite good, 4.5 points out of 5 possible (according to the tasting consumer assessment).

These were the most popular early varieties that have relatively good yields. But they have much more disadvantages than the later varieties of tomatoes.

They are less resistant to droughts and frosts, more exposed to fungal diseases and insects and are characterized by lower yields. Therefore, when choosing the variety you need, you need to decide whether you really need to sacrifice the crop and plant resistance in order to pick tomatoes 3-4 weeks before.

Tomatoes large - indeterminantny (mid-season) varieties

Video of tomato varieties

Experienced gardeners have long abandoned early tomatoes, since they have many shortcomings and it is better to wait 2-3 weeks with the harvest than to eat enough sweet vegetables. Mid-season hybrids and varieties are much larger in size (as a rule), they are much more resistant to diseases, and also tolerate low temperatures better in early spring and autumn.

  1. Tomato Hospitable. The result of breeding research of the Russian company "Siberian Garden". It is maximally acclimatized in all regions of Russia and successfully grown in the southern, central and northern regions of the Federation. The period from planting the seedlings to the technical ripeness of the vegetable is 122-124 days, for the growth of the plant does not require a large amount of light and heat, it matures perfectly at +15 degrees and even at 12 hours of daylight. The bushes are relatively large, reaching 105 centimeters, with weakly sprawling and very powerful. Gathering is not necessary, only 2 powerful shoots are left, on which up to 15 kg of vegetables are formed. The average mass of one is 250 g, individual specimens grow to 600-950 g. They have a rather sweet taste and have a pleasant, salad smell. Planting seedlings on the 40-45th day. It is desirable to grow in protected ground, but it is possible and in the open in the presence of heat.Budenovka. These tomatoes do not require special advertising, as each farmer is already known for its taste and size. The average fruits have a mass of 450 grams, but often grow to 800 Vegetation period - 113-119 days, medium early. Tomatoes have a small spout, the pulp is dense, transportable, especially if you collect them on time. They are suitable for salads and for canning, have great taste. Bushes high up to 90 centimeters, sometimes more, if you ensure a stable and constant watering (preferably drip). Often affected by anthracosis, blotches, several treatments with insecticides are required in regions with high humidity and low temperatures. Tomato Russian size. It gained its popularity due to its extremely large size (some specimens grew to 2200 grams, while not losing their taste), as well as relative sweetness, compared to other competitors. Shrubs are relatively low, only 118 centimeters, but have a very specific growth pattern: when forming the crown, only 1 stem is left, which is then pinned at the end of the growing season (approximately in the beginning of July). On one bush can form up to 15 large berries, thus, the average yield is about 10-15 kilograms, provided good watering. With one hectare can produce up to 70 tons, which is an extremely high figure. The only negative is the non-commodity appearance (too big fruit) and poor keeping quality. That is why it is used mainly for rolling up salads and getting tomato juice. Tomato Sugar Pudovichek. Excellent heavyweight mid-ripening. Technical ripeness occurs after 111-119 days after the seedlings hit the ground and have abundant watering, the fruits are relatively large, the average size of one tomato ranges from 320 grams to 600 grams. If you compare the taste with other representatives of the nightshade, it is worth noting Pudovichek significantly inferior to their opponents. It has a slight tartness and salad flavor, while its competitors are sweeter. Also, a small minus is that after technical ripeness the flesh begins to spread and the presentation of the vegetable suffers greatly from it. Bushes reach 113 centimeters in height, slightly sprawling, 1 stalk is formed, which is pinned at the end of the growing season.F1 Lyubava. Very interesting hybrid that has almost unlimited growth. Bushes pinch at about two meters height and plaited on the trellis. It is desirable to grow in a greenhouse, as the plant needs a lot of moisture and heat. Drip irrigation is welcome, because with abundant irrigation of the leaves can form a large number of fungi and infections, significantly reduced plant immunity. The fruits are average, at 180-200 grams, but there are many of them on the bush (from the 1st square meter you can take at least 22-34 kilograms). Approximate planting density - 2.7-3.2 plants per 1 square meter. The fruits have a decent appearance and good taste, juicy and sweet.

Plants of medium maturity - is the "golden mean" between the early and late varieties, they have the advantages of both. Despite the relatively quick time to reach technical ripeness, their yield is much higher, and the taste of tomatoes is much better than the previous category. They are more resistant to diseases and adapted to cultivation in open ground.

Varieties and hybrids of late ripening

Growing tomatoes in open ground

They are considered the most delicious, the most productive and resistant to many pests and diseases. That is why many gardeners and gardeners are trying to plant at least a few late bushes in their area.

As a rule, they have a ripening period of at least 140 days, but such a long wait for vegetables fully meets all expectations. The weight of late large-fruited tomatoes varies between 300-400 grams, so you can not only get enough of one vegetable, but also surprise your neighbors!

  1. Tomato Sugar giant. It can safely be called a heavyweight leader, since the average weight of one fruit reaches 600 grams. Some specimens grow to 1200 grams and this is far from uncommon. The only thing that is needed for this is a sufficient amount of moisture, since the plant quickly fades in droughts and too high temperatures. The term to technical ripeness is 154 days from the moment the plants are planted in open ground. It is recommended to plant no earlier than at the beginning of May, since at + 7 degrees at night the vegetable can significantly slow down its development. Sprawling bushes, can reach a height of 119 centimeters, the stems are quite dense and erect. It is recommended to plant the plant only after legumes or in a fresh garden bed.F1 Navigator. The hybrid of late maturity has very large fruits (the average weight reaches 340 grams, and some vegetables grow 500-600 grams), while their number per bush is much larger than that of many other plants. With 1 square meter you can clean up to 40-50 kilograms of vegetables with perfect care, fertilizer abundance and abundant watering. The hybrid is perfect for cultivation in the open field, extremely resistant to spotting, powdery mildew, cancer and anthracosis. Well transported and has high keeping quality. It is intended for the manufacture of tomato juice, preservation and fresh use for salads. Shrubs have a height of 145 centimeters, slightly sprawling, leaving only 1 stem for fruiting, pinching in early June.Late Rosina. This is the famous heir. Rosina, which was known to every gardener. The only difference between these two varieties is the period before technical ripeness. Late Rosina has a growing season of 145 days, therefore, all the benefits of late-ripening plants. It is very resistant to most diseases, is not exposed to insects and aphids, one insecticide treatment after flowering lasts for the entire season. The fruits are relatively large, some of them reach 500 grams, and the average - 250-300 grams. Excellent vegetable for salads and preserves. Very sweet, juicy. The only negative is very poor keeping quality and it is necessary to immediately “credit” the harvest after harvesting, otherwise there is a risk of losing it.

Late-ripening tomatoes are the choice of professionals, for whom the intensive path of development is important. They give much more yields, and also have high keeping quality, resistance to infectious diseases and many other advantages.

The only disadvantage of these heavyweights is possible contamination with dry rot, as they are collected before the first frosts and at high relative humidity. To avoid most problems, they should be planted as soon as possible. The optimal time for moving seedlings from the window sill to the garden is the beginning or middle of May (it is desirable that the seedlings be large by this time).

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Description variety Budenovka

Varietal characteristics of tomato Budenovka can interest not only vegetable growers, but also small farmers who grow vegetables for the purpose of further market realization. This large-fruited and very productive variety has the following description, This originator E.N. Andreeva and the company "TomAgros":

  • group affiliation - variety,
  • the aging period - medium early, is 98−110 days,
  • harvest period - from mid-summer to September,
  • taste and product characteristics are good and excellent,
  • sustainability indicators - low risk of late blight,
  • ripe fruits - red and fleshy, characteristic heart-shaped, transportable,
  • the average mass of the commercial fruit - about 170−330,

The bushes are of indeterminate type, they reach a height of 0.8–1.1 m, and the first inflorescence is formed, as a rule, over the 9–11th leaflet, and all subsequent ones - after three leaflets. Each brush can contain from three to seven fruits. When cultivated in greenhouse conditions, the tomato bush is slightly higher, but it forms no more than one and a half meters.

Productivity and dignity

Yields for tomato varieties Budenovka are very decent and on average are about 6-8 kg per bush. In conditions of high agrotechnology often higher rates are observed.

The advantages of growing this variety in the diversity of soil and weather conditions of our country include the following:

  • the possibility of growing tomatoes in the open and in the greenhouse soil,
  • unpretentious care,
  • undemanding to cultivation conditions,
  • commodity appearance of ripened fruit,
  • high taste, as well as a balanced content of acid and sugar,
  • ripe tomatoes are suitable for both fresh consumption and canning.

Thus, tomato varieties Budenovka can be attributed to worthy domestic market varieties suitable for transportation over long distances with the aim of selling as a mid-season vegetable production.

Yields for tomato varieties Budenovka are very decent and on average are about 6-8 kg per bush

Sowing on seedlings

Tomato Budenovka in greenhouses and hotbeds is recommended to be grown in seedlings. To obtain friendly and high-quality shoots of seedlings, the following activities are recommended:

  • self-collected seeds must necessarily be subjected to processes such as sizing by size and full weight using saline, as well as subsequent disinfection in solution based on the usual pharmaceutical manganese,
  • well increases the germination of tomato seeds presoaking in growth stimulants or wood ash solution,
  • The soil for growing seedlings should be not only nutritious, but also loose, therefore it is best to use ready-made soil mixtures intended for the cultivation of vegetable plants for sowing seeds,
  • before the emergence of shoots, if necessary, the soil is moistened with warm water sprayed from a household spray bottle,
  • after the appearance of two true leaves on tomato seedlings, it is necessary to pick out tomato seedlings in separate cups.

Good increases the germination of tomato seeds Budenovka presoaking in growth stimulants

Caring for seedlings is simple and consists of systematic watering. To get a strong and undrained seedlings, you need to control the level of illumination of plants and temperature. Before planting in the greenhouse seedlings need to harden. A few days after deep digging and disinfection of the greenhouse soil, about three days before planting the seedlings, full-fledged complex mineral fertilizers and organic matter in the form of burnt dry manure or dry bird droppings should be introduced into the soil. The landing scheme for greenhouse ridges is 50x40 cm.

Growing greenhouse tomatoes

After planting for active growth and development of tomato bushes will need the following care throughout the growing season:

  • irrigation activities in the cultivation of greenhouse tomatoes are carried out exclusively in the morning,
  • temperature indicators of water for irrigation should be at least 18 ° C, but it is best to adhere to the level of 20−21 ° C,
  • In the greenhouse, it is allowed to apply different irrigation methods, including manual and mechanized, but the drip irrigation system of tomato bushes has proven itself best,
  • in order to get the largest and best-quality fruits from tomato bushes, it is necessary to periodically remove stepchildren, tie up the above-ground part and form the plant into one-two stems,

At the stage of active growing season, plants will need three root dressings using liquid mullein and nitrophoska

  • the first feeding at the stage of the formation of the first ovaries is carried out by means of a solution of 1 tablespoon of potassium monophosphate diluted in a bucket of water,
  • the second feeding with a similar composition takes place approximately two weeks after the first application of fertilizers,
  • At the stage of active vegetation, the plants will need three root dressings with the use of liquid mullein and nitrophoska.

In order to increase the yield, it is recommended to periodically, in the morning, shake flower brushes, which significantly improves the level of pollination.

Reviews of experienced gardeners

According to numerous reviews of amateur vegetable growers who grow Budenovka in the central and southern regions of our country, the variety grows well and gives consistently high yields on ridges in open ground. High marks are deserved by the variety not only due to the large-fruitedness and unpretentiousness, but also to a long, rather extended period of yield of the crop, which allows you to collect ripe fruit for a year and a half to two months or more.

Fruits do not crack, extremely rarely, as a rule, in adverse years, are affected by blight. Many gardeners characterize the variety as follows: "It is not capricious, but the harvest always pleases with quality and quantity." The variety is also interesting because it allows you to independently carry out the collection and procurement of seeds for subsequent cultivation, which reduces the cost of purchasing seed.

The term ripening tomatoes Budenovka - medium early, is 98−110 days

Recommendations of specialists

If in the open ground it is best to plant tomato seedlings after harvesting cucumbers, zucchini, carrots, cauliflower, parsley and dill, then in greenhouses it is extremely difficult to withstand the right rotation, therefore It is recommended to take the following actions:

  • remove the top layer of the greenhouse soil with a thickness of 20−25 cm and cover the fresh soil substrate based on garden soil, peat, manure and sawdust in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1,
  • shed again the soil layer with a solution of potassium permanganate or Bordeaux liquid for the purpose of disinfection,
  • sow early ripe green manure crops, which should be dug up with the soil about two months before planting the tomato seedlings.

Tomatoes: planting in a greenhouse (video)

Important to remember, That, regardless of the intensity of use of greenhouse ridges for growing tomatoes, every three-five years it is necessary to carry out a full replacement of the soil in the greenhouse.

In order not to lose the material, be sure to save it to yourself in the social network Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki, Facebook, simply by clicking on the button below:

History of tomato cultivation Budyonovka

Как и о Бычьем сердце, о Будёновке можно найти разные версии, касающиеся происхождения. Авторство приписывают и Государственному сельскохозяйственному институту овощных культур, и НИИ Сибири. Пыталась найти организации под такими названиями, но, увы, в результатах поиска Гугл они не обнаружились. Также путаница происходит при покупке семян: Будёновки от разных фирм отличаются друг от друга. На одном из форумов огородница выложила такое фото.

Riddle: Is this a tomato seed Nobleman or Budenovka?

And she is sure that it is Budyonovka that grows from such seeds, and the Grandee is her second name. Meanwhile, these are two completely different varieties that are not very similar to each other. This is one of the reasons for the negative reviews: it is unclear to us what seeds are sold to us, what varieties, it is not clear under what names, respectively, and it does not grow that you understand.

According to the official source, namely: the State Register of Breeding Achievements, the originator and copyright holder of tomato varieties Budenovka is the breeding and seed company Gisok. The application to the commission for testing was submitted in 2001, and in 2002 the variety was officially recognized and allowed to grow in all Russian regions. However, Budyonovka appeared in private gardens much earlier, but state certification passed only in 2002.

Now there is an official description of Budyonovka from experts who tested this variety. And in order not to grow twins and various fakes, it is better to buy seeds from the author or originator, in this case with the marking on the “Gisok” package. Budenovka is not a hybrid, so it’s enough to buy seeds once, and then collect them from self-grown fruits every year.

Buy Budenovka seeds from the originator - the company "Gisok"

Fruit characteristics

The fruit of this variety, turned upside down by the stem, resembles the head-piece of Budenovsk (a fighter during the Civil War of 1917–1922). Hence the name. Ripe tomatoes Budenovki are colored red, each weighs 150–350 g, reaches 15 cm in diameter. The skin is thin and dense, the pulp is sugary, sweet-sour, with aroma. Inside 4 seed cameras and more. The yield of the bush - 3-5 kg, sometimes up to 7 kg.

The fruit is heart-shaped, strong-ribbed, the color of the immature fruit is light green, and the mature color is red.

http://reestr.gossort.com/reestr/sort/9811563

As with the Bull Heart, the characteristic feature of Budenovka is the ribbing of fruits.

Interestingly, the strong ribbing of Budyonovka fruits is not mentioned in the descriptions on seed packages from many agrofirms. Also, on most photos and videos, tomatoes, called Budenovka, are smooth.

Growing tomato seedlings Budyonovka

In the climatic conditions of most of Russia, seeds of this variety are sown in mid-March, seedlings in summer greenhouses and greenhouses are planted in mid-May, in open ground - in early June, that is, when the threat of frost is over. Soil mixture for planting can be bought in the store or made by mixing the ground from your garden with 1: 1 humus.

The previous two years, sowed seeds in the purchase of the land, and everything grew beautifully. I was even sure that ready-mix soil from the store is better than the one that I can collect in my area. This year, everything turned out the opposite. The seedlings in the purchased land grew 5–7 cm in height and froze: 1.5 months did not grow and did not die. What she did not change her mind and did not alter: she changed irrigation regimes, fed them, loosened them, even sprayed Karbofos - suddenly pests. I thought of the soil last, when nothing else was left. I transplanted all the tomatoes from the purchased land to my own garden, and they immediately began to grow both up and out. Although we have a very dense soil, in the pots immediately took a lump, however, the tomatoes in it are clearly better than in the shop. Now, when gardening and horticulture has become a fashionable trend, many new brands have appeared in the stores. I bought soil from an unknown firm at the lowest price, and here is the result. Now I decided to plant my land for seedlings.

Terra Vita - one of the most popular brands of finished soil, has already collected a lot of positive feedback

Budenovka is resistant to fungal diseases, therefore, it is not necessary to disinfect the soil and seeds. But it is possible to irrigate the soil during planting with Fitosporin (1 tbsp per 10 liters of water) for prophylaxis. Shoots from dry seeds will appear in 5–7 days, from germinated in 3–5 days. Keep the seedlings on a bright windowsill at a temperature of 20… 22 ⁰C during the day, at night - about 18 ⁰C.

Seedlings Budenovki high, will take a lot of space on the windowsill

Budyonovka grows a high bush, so it can outrun other varieties with growth rates. Her seedlings need roomy pots and more space on the windowsill, and supports will be needed at the end of the seedling period. Without them, long stems will fall and break. This is another argument in favor of growing a variety in a greenhouse. Under cover, tomatoes are planted earlier, when they are not too stretched.

Video: detailed instructions for growing tomato seedlings

However, despite the fact that the data of the Aelita company indicate the presence of the genetic resistance of the variety to fruit cracking and phytophthora infection, the latter statement is clearly exaggerated. According to long-term observations, the variety is affected by late blight at the level of standards, therefore it is necessary to carry out the full range of preventive treatments and protective measures in a timely manner, aimed at minimizing the risk of damage to tomato bushes with this disease.