Today, gardeners use a variety of crops to decorate their garden plots. Spirea is a common plant. This is a culture of the family Pink. It is appreciated not only for its spectacular decorative qualities, but also for its unpretentiousness in cultivation. There is a large variety of the most interesting and unusual varieties of culture. Especially popular are spireas, which are of Japanese origin. Such is Nippon spiraea.
Nippon spiraea is not as popular as many other varieties of culture. However, the view is characterized by spectacular beauty and early flowering periods. Delicate white flowers can be found on the shrubs at the very beginning of summer or even at the end of May. Spirea Nipponskaya is a shrub. Its height does not exceed 2 meters. Crohn thick, has a spherical shape. The diameter of the crown can reach 4 meters. The branches are directed horizontally upwards. The color of the branches is brown. Culture has a compact size.
Spirea - very beautiful shrub
The shrub is distinguished by its decorative qualities from spring to late autumn. At the beginning of summer white flowers appear with a yellowish-greenish tint. Although initially buds have a purple hue. The diameter of the flower does not exceed 1 cm. The flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form of plates. Flowering continues for a crescent or more. The bloom is intense and abundant.
Sheet plate has a rounded shape. The leaf color is bright green. The leaves have a length of up to 4.5 cm. Saturated green color persists until the middle of the autumn season.
The most popular cultivar is the “Snowmaund” (“Snowmaund”). This shrub up to 2 meters. Crohn dense and spherical. Blooms profusely, begins from the beginning of June. The flowers are white in color. They are collected in inflorescences in the form of plates.
Another common variety of Spirey Nipponsky is Halwards Silver. This is a compact type of shrub. Its height does not exceed 1 meter. The branches are densely covered with dark green leaves and white flowers that are collected in inflorescences.
Features landing spirea
Spirea - culture unpretentious. Even a novice in gardening is able to cope with planting shrubs.
Spirea Nippon prefers to grow in areas well illuminated by sunlight. However, the penumbra is suitable for growing plants. But in the shade of the shrub is better not to plant, as the flowering will be less abundant.
The composition of the soil spiraea is not capricious. The soil must contain sand and peat, so these components must be mixed with the ground when planting Nippon spirea. However, the culture does not grow well in wetlands and areas where the groundwater level is too high. Therefore, in this case it will be necessary to provide high-quality drainage. For these purposes, suitable claydite, broken brick or rubble. The thickness of the drainage layer must be at least 10 cm.
Planting seedlings is best done in early spring or in the middle of autumn. The elongated roots of the seedlings must be cut, but do it carefully - the cut must be smooth. The pit for planting should be commensurate with the size of the root system. Sand and peat in equal proportions should be added to the planting hole.
Immediately after planting, the spirea needs to be watered abundantly.
Separately highlight the view Leaf Spiraeaor rather - bladderwhich is popularly called “meadow spine”, However, if one is aware of the official classification of these plants, it turns out that they represent one family (rosaceae), but two different genera, the bladder tree and the spirea.
Bubbleplant grows in eastern North America. In comparison with spireas, it is incredibly high, reaching a height of 3 meters, it has spreading, drooping branches that form a dense, hemispherical crown. Foliage, at the same time, does not differ in large sizes - 4 cm in length, with serrate-toothed edges, the top of the leaves is green and the bottom is lighter, sometimes with a slight pubescence.
The diameter of the flowers bearing the presence of kinship with spireas is 1.2 cm, they are white or pink in color, they are collected in corymbose inflorescences. The plant is characterized by frost resistance and a short flowering period relative to the sprayer - approximately 3 weeks.
Spirea Nippon Jun Bride
JuneBride spirea nippon is a decorative, spherical shrub, reaching a height and width of one and a half meters. In mid-May, the plant forms pink buds, from which appear snow-white inflorescences. Dark olive leaves retain their color until late autumn. View winter-hardy, can withstand temperatures as low as -25 degrees.
Used for group and single plantings, as curbs and green hedges, to decorate complex flower beds and rock gardens.
Spirea Nippon Halvard Silver
Spirea Nippon Halwardsilver is a short, densely leafy shrub. An adult plant reaches 1 m in height and 1.5 m in width. Oval leaves of dark green color, change color at the end of August to coppery red.
Snow-white bloom occurs in June and lasts up to 25 days. Due to its rich aroma, the species attracts butterflies and pollinating insects.
Spirea Nippon Silver grows well in a nutritious, moist soil in a slightly shaded or sunny location.
Spirea nipponskaya Gelves Reinbow
Spirea Nippon GerlvesRainbow is a flowering, slow-growing shrub. The annual growth is 10–15 cm. Dark brown shoots are covered with small orange-green leaves, among which look snow-white inflorescences.
Although the species is frost-resistant, without shelter there is a chance of freezing of young shoots, which are quickly restored after pruning.
Spirea Nippon Rainbow is light-requiring, immune to diseases and pests.
Preparation of planting material and plot
It is better to acquire a spireea nippon sapling with a clod of earth or in a container. When buying, pay attention to the state of the root system. If the roots sprout through the drainage holes, then the plant is old and survival rate will be low.
If the seedling has an open root system, the roots should be:
- flexible and wet
- no signs of rot and damage,
- best of all, they were covered with a clay mash.
Before planting, dried and broken roots are cut from the seedling. The plant is kept for 1-2 hours in water and start planting.
Nippon spiraeus is planted in autumn or spring, in cloudy weather. For planting seedlings choose a well-lit place or light partial shade. The soil should be moist, nutritious, well-drained. Due to unpretentiousness, spirea can grow on poor soil in urban environments.
Before planting, the chosen place is dug up on a spade bayonet, sand and peat are added in equal proportions. Make the landing hole, the size of a little larger than the root system. At the bottom of the stack 15 cm layer of drainage, a layer of earth. At a plant straighten roots and stack on a nutritious soil. The seedling is covered with earth, tamping each layer to avoid the appearance of an air cushion.
Planted plant is abundantly watered and mulched with straw or sawdust. Plant care is simple, it consists in watering, feeding and timely pruning.
Watering and feeding
The plant has a fibrous root system, which is located closer to the soil surface, so watering should be regular. In dry, hot weather, irrigation is carried out 2-3 times a month. Up to 15 liters of warm water are used for each bush. After watering, the ground is loosened and mulched.
For abundant flowering, the bush is fed 3 times per season:
- spring - nitrogenous fertilizers,
- in the summer - organic,
- in the fall - phosphorus-potassium fertilizers or wood ash.
Nippon spirea pruning
To enhance flowering shrubs should be regularly cut. Trimming rules:
- Since Nippon spirea produces inflorescences along the entire length of the shoots, pruned branches are cut ½ length.
- In the spring, before sap flow, frozen branches are removed; in the fall, old, weak shoots and excess shoots are removed.
- Once in 2 years, poorly flowering shoots are cut, and once in 10 years the shrub is rejuvenated, completely getting rid of old shoots.
Spirea planting and care in the open field
To get a healthy and strong spirea bush in the open field, special skills are not required. But, in particular for the Japanese variety, there are certain rules of care. She, as you know, is included in the list of summer blooming, which means that it is better to make plantings in the spring, and you need to have time to do this before budding begins. The best time is evening, in cool cloudy weather.
The light-loving plants causes its good growth in the sunny area, but penumbra will do. A preliminary inspection of seedlings for the presence of damaged roots that need to be cut using a pruner is required. After inspection, the roots are treated with root or heteroauxin according to the instructions.
When planting, the root collar is flush with the ground surface. The landing pit itself needs to be dug up to the sizes exceeding the sizes of roots not less than 2 times. Following the implementation of all these procedures on the circumference of the bush weed the hole and pour it well before the land settles.
Meadowsweet is also a member of the Pink family, grown when planting and caring in open ground without much hassle, but requires adherence to maintenance rules. All the necessary recommendations for the cultivation and care of this plant can be found in this article.
Soil for spirea
The composition of the soil does not matter much, but on the fertile, drained, moderately moist ground, the spirea will bloom more abundantly. It is recommended to fertilize the poor soil with peat or a mixture of sand and leafy ground and, if necessary, arrange drainage from pebbles or broken bricks.
Periodic weeding and loosening of the earth are also important for the Japanese spirea, facilitating the flow of air to the roots.
Transplanting spirea in autumn
Transplanting and dividing the bush are especially relevant if the plant is 3-4 years old. In cases with older instances, everything becomes more complicated due to the fact that the earth lump becomes large and it is difficult to manipulate with it.
In the autumn period, both spring and summer flowering spireas are planted out. As usual, the autumn planting is carried out together with a transplant of delenok before the leaf fall ends. The bush is dug along a radius a little more than half the crown's projection, and the plant will not suffer if you need to cut some roots.
After extraction of a bush, it is worth washing its root system - not very overgrown youngsters are placed in a container filled with water, they allow the earth to shed and settle and the root system is washed with running water. The cutting is done with shears with the formation of 2-3 parts with a good lobe and 2-3 strong stems. Cord roots should be leveled, the entire root system as a whole should be straightened (this can be done even during washing).
In the dug hole in the middle, they put a mound on the ground, plant a seedling on it and again level the roots, then cover it with soil, the surface of which needs to be pressed. The transplanted plants are watered several times. In the spring you can only plant species of flowering blooming. Purchased seedlings should be carefully examined - they must be without over dried roots, with flexible stems containing powerful buds.
When performing planting, it is recommended to apply a compound AVA long-acting fertilizer in the amount of 1 tablespoon of granules to ensure uniform nutrition of the plant for 2-3 years.
This dressing will provide the spiraeus with all the required macro and microelements, except nitrogen, which can be added separately in spring together with mineral (30 grams of urea or 100 grams of Kemira per square meter) or organic (compost 5-7 cm thick) fertilizer.
Spirea in landscape design
Clumps of variegated spirees can provide a very long flowering period - from May to September. New varieties with decorative foliage will add elegant compositions even in late autumn.
The showiness of massive group plantings of spirea, lilac and chubushnik along with, for example, lilies of the valley manifests itself throughout the year, with the exception, of course, of winter. In this case, the color of the latter is selected in accordance with the varieties of the sprayer, and, given their rich choice, it will not be difficult to carry out their plans.
Spirea winter preparation
Japanese Spirea is quite frost-resistant (some of its varieties mentioned above are particularly winter-resistant). However, shelter for the winter it does not hurt, in particular, if we are talking about a young shrub.
Fully guaranteeing a successful wintering with a Japanese spirer (as well as Nipponian, Bumald) can bend down the shoots to the ground. Pinning and covering them with dry leaves on a layer of 10-15 cm.
Seed method can not be propagated hybrids, because it leads to the loss of varietal qualities. Sowing is done in spring in boxes with a substrate consisting of leafy ground or well-ventilated top peat.
Before sowing, the surface of the substrate is moistened, and then slightly sprinkled with peat or earth. Seedlings sprout all together (the probability of germination is 50-100%). After 8-10 days, after which it is recommended to immediately treat them with basezol (20 grams per 10 liters - per 3 square meters of territory) for protection against fungi.
In the 1st year, the spiraea planted in this way will form one winding stem without branches and a root system consisting of a taproot and several lateral ones.
Seedlings dive 2-3 months after the shoots appeared (or in the 2nd year, if the seedlings are weak). At what it is better to do in cloudy or evening time. They are removed, a little pruned roots and moved to the bed, which is then carefully loosen, moisturize and mulch. In the 1st year, the seedling will reach a growth of 5-10 cm, and already in the 2nd year its development will accelerate markedly.