Svitness rose (Sweetness) - an incredible beautiful garden plant, belongs to the tea-hybrid variety. For many years, roses are considered the queen among flowers. Rose Sweetnes not only adorns the garden, but is also used for landscaping the park, flowerbeds of cities, they are given in the form of bouquets for a holiday, and they are also perfect for landscape design. It is unlikely that there will be at least one person who would not have dreamed at least once in his life about the bushes of magnificent roses on his plot.
Rosa Svitness - description
Originally, Svitness Hybrid Tea Rose was bred in France in the nineteenth century. The gardener of Gaito, by crossing repair park and tea roses, invented a completely unfamiliar variety, which was called in English Sweetness.
In Russian, this word means "sweetness." This variety has turned out the best in the group of tea and hybrid roses. Cultivation, planting and care are quite simple. Sweetness has the following description:
- The flower has the shape of a goblet, consisting of 60 velvety petals.
- It has a cream color with a bright cherry color, located on the edge of the petal.
- The bush grows straight, quite strong, abundant branching prevails. In length, the stems can grow no more than a meter, thorns are practically absent.
- The leaves are green, contribute to the formation of thick mass.
- The bud of the plant is quite fragile, when opened, the flower reaches a size of ten centimeters. It happens as one, and on several lateral buds on one stalk.
- The fragrance resembles the fragrance of the Garden of Eden, the smell is pronounced.
- This variety blooms profusely, this process lasts for a month. Flowering begins from the end of June and until the end of July the beautiful blossoming buds do not cease to please the eye.
- There is a rose that can bloom for a long time, during the summer, as well as the autumn period. Such varieties are called re-flowering, differing from the previous ones in that their flowering is less abundant, but they are also able to please the gardener with an abundant amount of flowers. After abundant flowering for a whole month, the roses rest and then again endow with their blooming beauty.
Svitness Roses are used in floristics to create beautiful bouquets, as well as in design as a decoration for the landscape. No woman will remain indifferent, having received a bouquet of these roses, and their fragrance will cheer up for a long time. After cutting, the flowers will retain their original appearance for another ten days. It is possible to plant on beds either alone or together with other varieties. No less important advantage of the plant is that the buds do not crumble for a long time.
An excellent option for planting are the first of May. It is better to pick loose and slightly acidic soil. The active development of colors occurs on a plot with well-lit sunshine, but without wind.
Reproduction occurs by grafting one plant to another. Before planting it is necessary to prepare not only the place, but also the ground. While the preparation is in progress, the rose should be placed in a container with water so that the plant is completely in the water, or the roots and grafting site are immersed.
After that, the root system must be dipped in a special solution, which is prepared by mixing manure, clay and water. Clay with water is mixed at a ratio of 2: 1, so the clay is obtained more than manure. In the ground make a recess, the diameter of which is half a meter. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 50 centimeters so that the graft is under the ground a couple of centimeters. Then around the plants make a mound of earth.
At the beginning of the growing season, the rose needs additional and abundant watering. With the onset of autumn, water fitness Svitness no more than twice a month. In no case it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out - this will lead to a change in the varietal properties.
Circumcision is performed in spring, summer and autumn. However, spring pruning is considered the best, it is this which contributes to the formation of a shrub. In addition to all the advantages, the variety of roses Svitness perfectly tolerates temperature drops.
The plant requires fertilizing with mineral and organic substances. The first time fertilizer of the soil is nitrogen, do it directly in the spring. Urea is added to the nitrogen. After a couple of weeks, fertilized with potassium and phosphorus.
But the best fertilizer is a mixture of manure. For its preparation, cow manure and a small amount of water are needed, the ratio is 1 to 3. Add superphosphate and potassium sulfate to the mixture. Infuse for 14 days, and dilute before fertilizer: add 10 buckets of water to each solution bucket received. After which the plants can be watered with this mixture, it is recommended to use no more than six liters for each bush.
At the end of October, the shrub is cut so that the length of the stems remains no more than a quarter of a meter.
Although Svitness and frost-resistant, but without shelter it is difficult for them to survive the frosty winter. In order to preserve seedlings, it is necessary to take a responsible approach to the selection of suitable covering material. Cover them only after a slight frost, about minus six degrees. And if you start to cover them earlier, the plant will thrust and this will lead to its death.
Also pay attention to the weather, at the time of covering it should be dry and without wind. It is also better to prepare the material in advance, spruce legs are perfect as a shelter, they are able to save the plant from frost and heavy snow throughout the winter period. The base of the rose should be sprinkled with peat or soil.
Although the rose of this variety is considered resistant to many diseases, it is unlikely anyone will be able to avoid the fungus. But the risk can be minimized only if you do not plant the plant in the soil with high humidity, as well as in places where a lot of heat gets.
Excess fertilizer, which includes nitrogen, also leads to fungal diseases of the flower. In addition, Svitness may be affected by powdery mildew, rust, gray mold and soot.
Shrubs are often visited by pests, such as the leafworm, spider mite, caterpillar, and nematode. Even the presence of these ailments does not serve as a sentence for flowers, the main thing is to start treatment at the first signs of the disease. After all, if you follow the rules for the care of roses and give them due attention, then such beauties will grow that will delight anyone who sees this beauty.
Shrub roses - how to grow:
If you properly care for rose bushes and give them enough attention, you can get a wonderful decoration for the garden that will delight any guest.
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