Strawberry Kama is very popular with gardeners and summer residents, as well as high demand in the market. Her excellent taste, unpretentiousness in the care, drought tolerance, provided such a brand with a confident leadership position in the sales market. The description of this variety is given below.
Characteristic strawberries varieties Kama
Hailing such a fragrant beauty from Poland. Her "parents" are the Cavalier and Zeng Zengan varieties popular in horticultural circles. It is from them Kama inherited excellent yield and good taste.Kama among farmers is considered one of the most worthy
Bushes of this sort are quite compact in size. The leaves are dark green in color, all lowered down, the fruits are dark red. Berries have their own characteristic that distinguishes them from other varieties.: it ripens in two stages. At first, the berry becomes a dark red hue, at this stage it can already be eaten, but the taste of the fruit will have a pronounced acidity. If you and your loved ones are more in favor of the pronounced sweetness of such a delicacy, then you should wait until the color gamut of the fruit turns into dark maroon. At this stage, the strawberry acquires a special sweetness and pronounced strawberry flavor.
If, however, long-term transportation or long-term storage of berries is expected, then they should be picked at the first stage of ripening. In the process of maturation, the berry will “reach” a certain sweetness and aroma.
In terms of ripening Kama refers to the early grade. The berries are medium in size: 20-40 gr, but in the initial period yields can reach 70 grams. Fruits "hide" under the leaves, which additionally protects them from birds, which are also not averse to eat fragrant fruit.Flowering strawberries Kama starts very early
This species blooms early, but the flowering period is long, as is the fruiting period, which reaches up to 5 weeks. With proper care, up to 1 kg of berries are collected from one bush per season..
This species is adapted for growing in greenhouses. In this case, the first harvest is collected in the middle of spring.
In the open field, without the use of greenhouses, the first harvest will delight in early June.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety Kama has a number of advantages.:
- Early ripening time.
- Small number of whiskers.
- Long time fruiting.
- Great drought tolerance.
- Elevated yield.
- Large fruits with excellent taste characteristics.
- A great marketable conditionlong storage periods and good transportability.
- Expressed strawberry flavor.
Despite all the advantages Kama has its drawbacks:
- Low fruit arrangement. The berries are hidden under the leaves and are located close to the ground.
- A large number of sheets on the bushesthat aggravates the harvest process.
- Takes up quite a lot of space., since the bushes are spreading and the distance between them must be at least 50 or even 80 cm.
- This sort susceptible to fungal diseases.
If you and your loved ones want to feast on a tasty and fragrant berry already in the middle of spring, you need to plant Kama in the greenhouse. This variety is very capricious., but still it is worth adhering to some recommendations before planting seedlings.
Planting strawberries does not require special wisdom, you just follow the generally accepted rules.:
- Before disembarking seedlings need to be sanitized: for 10 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Holes dig about 25x25 cm.
- Seedlings are immersed in the hole, a little sprinkled with earth, and lightly tamped. Cannot be rammed hard, in order not to limit the access of oxygen to the root system.
- Water the planted seedlings and lay out a layer of mulch.
- You can not grow strawberries on one site more than 3 years.
Strawberry Kama - features of the variety
The main advantage that Polish breeders have endowed with this relatively young variety is early ripening and fruiting for a month. The first berries will begin to regret on the bushes already in early June, the last - in early July.
If you take the southern regions (Rostov, Volgograd regions), then the beginning of flowering strawberries Kama will be at the end of April, respectively, the harvest will be ready in May. A similar effect can be achieved in the suburbs, if you risk plant Kama strawberries in a heated greenhouse, or at least under the film.
Of the other bright features of the Kama variety should be noted:
- significant yield: up to a kilogram from a bush and up to 10-12 tons per hectare,
- pronounced strawberry flavor, which is preserved during the preparation of jam and other dishes,
- good resistance to fungal diseases.
Kama does not belong to remontant grades, but it gives little whiskers. Mustaches are powerful, with developed sockets that are well tolerated in transportation and perfectly take root after landing.
Council Take seedlings from young bushes of the first, maximum of the second year of cultivation: it takes root better and subsequently gives a higher yield.
Characteristic fruits of the Kama variety
Strawberry berries of this variety are small, weighing up to 30-40 g, but fairly even in size, as if calibrated, which improves their presentation in the case of commercial production. The form is classic - conical, slightly ribbed. The color is bright scarlet, when fully ripe dark red.
When harvesting Kama, you should not hurry, because the immature berry looks bright enough, but the taste can demonstrate a lack of sugars. On the other hand, in overripe fruits, a small cavity may form inside.
Kama berries are sufficiently bedded and transportable, they can be used in any form: eating fresh with sugar and sour cream, making jam, jams and compotes, decorating pastries, adding to fruit salads, freezing for the winter.
The disadvantage of varieties can be called the uneven fruiting over the years. The crop gives maximum yield in the first year, then its ability to bloom and fruit formation drops sharply. For this reason, the industrial cultivation of Kama is limited to one year, after which the plantation is completely replaced. In a private garden with good care for each bush variety can be kept for 2-3 years.
Strawberry mite - the main enemy of strawberries Kama
Strawberry mite - a small arachnid, distributed mainly with seedlings. It is difficult to notice when a single infection and it is very difficult to withdraw during a mass influx. In a warm rainy summer, the young tick begins to suck out the juice from the leaves of strawberries, depriving it of the ability to properly distribute nutrients.
The main method of tick control is prevention. Berry berries periodically should be transferred to a new place, returning to the former one not earlier than in 4-5 years. Before planting, the bushes are dipped into water with a temperature of 45 degrees. Plant plants sparsely, so that the tick was inconvenient to move to the next. Before flowering and after harvesting, the bushes are allowed to be treated with Actellic.
Plant strawberries Kama in your garden beds - in the winter, fishing for the whole elastic berries with a spoonful of jam, you will be happy to remember the summer and dream of a new crop.
The strawberry variety “Kama” is characterized by a rather early and rather long flowering period. The harvest is always high, about 1 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush, and about 12 tons from one hectare. The very first crop from this strawberry is harvested at the end of May, and it brings fruit within a month. If you grow this variety in greenhouse conditions, then in the middle of spring expect fruiting.
Strawberry "Kama" is enough resistant to various fungal diseases, is not afraid of the effects of gray rot. However, it is worth protecting it from strawberry mite and spotting; it is very sensitive to these pests.
How to choose seedlings
In order to choose quality seedlings of this variety, pay attention to the following points:
- The leaves should be a pronounced green color with a shiny surface and slight pubescence.
- The horn must have a thickness of at least 0.7 cm. The thicker it is, the better and higher the yield will be.
- The length of the roots of seedlings with an open rhizome should be at least 7 cm. If the seedlings are in a pot, then its roots must occupy the entire volume of this container.
Seedling strawberries "Kama" can grow independently. To do this, choose a mustache from the uterine bushes of the first year of development, which are no further than 3-4. In this case, the antennae will be both larger in size and more viable, and they will settle down better in the ground.
Place and time of disembarkation
Planting strawberries can be carried out both in greenhouse conditions and in open ground.
If the cultivation takes place immediately in open soil, then the soil is better to choose slightly acidic and neutral. Acidic soils hinder the normal development of berries. To avoid this, chiselling soil. If weed plants appear, remove them immediately.
Place for planting should be located in direct sunlight, without shading the plants.
Since the variety is very early, its landing should be done at the very beginning of springas soon as the winter frosts subside.
Watering, weeding and loosening the soil
This strawberry variety is quite drought resistant, but still needs regular wetting. Here the best drip irrigation plant will go. Under such conditions, even in the heat of a strawberry will not fade.
It is also necessary to carry out regular weeding and loosening the soil around the bush, as the plant especially needs oxygen.
It is also very important to get rid of all the weeds in time, which can impede the penetration of sunlight to the strawberry bushes.
It is recommended to carry out the fertilizer procedure at the same time as loosening the soil, since a rather important point is the direct ingress of all nutrients exactly into the soil. Top-dressing with dry manure or nitrogen fertilizers is not suitable for this variety. They can cause fungal diseases or, at worst, destroy bushes.
Most suitable fertilizer for this variety will be: rotted watery manure, a mixture of wood ash, saltpeter and sulphates.
"Kama" needs regular mulching, it will be a fairly effective agricultural technique that can stop the development of weeds, retain moisture in the soil, and also increase the amount of nutrients. From the moment when the first ovaries began to appear on the bushes, mulching can be carried out. To do this, use and plastic wrap, and mulch fabric, and straw, and even sawdust.
Pest and disease treatment
In order to protect these plants from diseases, it is necessary to spray special chemicals 3-4 times per season. The first treatment is carried out in early spring after harvesting the soil using copper preparations. Next - in early April, when the leaves begin to actively grow. Sprayed during this period, "Topsino-M", "Quadris" or other substances. The last two treatments are carried out after the flowering period, using fungicides.
If it is necessary to carry out plant prophylaxis or fight pests, then the following drugs will help you: Actellic, Karbofos, Metaphos and others.
Trimming whiskers and leaves
If you do not plan to grow seedlings from strawberry tendrils, then they need to be cut. Carry out this procedure should be in the spring before flowering and autumn after harvest. To do this, choose a dry windless day and trim the antennae either in the early morning or late in the evening. Never cut them off, just cut them off, otherwise you may damage the whole shrub and its root system. To old leaves did not take the nutrients of the bush, you need to constantly cut them.
Features of care and cultivation
The variety propagates, with the help of a mustache, it is necessary to take them from the bushes of the first year of life, they give a greater yield, have a better survival rate.
Top dressing in the form of fertilizers, to bring in when loosening the soil after watering. The use of fresh manure and nitrogen-containing fertilizers is not recommended. They can cause fungal diseases.
Planting strawberries cleaned of weeds, eliminate shading of plants, regularly remove old leaves, it improves fruiting. For strawberry varieties Kama preferable soil slightly acidic and neutral. On acidic soils, the berry grows poorly, to normalize the acidity of the soil is lime.
Feedback is mostly positive. Gardeners, satisfied, first of all, the possibility of obtaining early harvest. Tastes fully satisfy the demand. Note the resistance to a number of diseases. While other varieties are affected by rot, other diseases, the Kama variety remains healthy, continues to bear fruit.
Some reviews talk about growing problems, but they are solvable. This is a defeat of brown and white spot, from which some summer residents suffer from planting. They cope with it by applying fungicides. It is noted that Kama does not tolerate return frosts, save protective shelters.