White currant varieties completely ignored by modern gardeners, and in vain. By its qualities, it is no worse than red or black. The topic of this article is to answer the questions about what white currant is, useful properties and possible contraindications to its use.
Description, chemical composition and benefits of white currant
White currant is a variety of popular garden culture - currants, known for more than one century. Since ancient times, people used it for food, used in the treatment of many diseases, from colds to nervous disorders.
By law, this berry was the most popular and grew in every garden or vegetable garden throughout Russia, in Europe and even in Asia. Useful properties of white currant due to its chemical composition, including:
- vitamins A, groups B, C, E, P,
- natural acids,
- different types of sugars.
True lovers and connoisseurs of this wonderful berry know what benefit a constant presence in the diet of white currant can bring to the human body. Its calorie content is so small (42 kcal) that nutritionists suggest to introduce it into the diet of people who follow a diet as a source of vitamins, trace elements and other beneficial substances.
Even taking into account the fact that vitamin C in white currant is several times less than that in black currant, it is also a very valuable product in terms of vitamin-mineral composition.
This vitamin is the most beneficial effect on the nervous system, indispensable in the process of blood formation, is a participant in the metabolic processes of the endocrine system. Ascorbic acid is a powerful antioxidant that has a general firming and rejuvenating effect. Vitamin C also helps to increase the elasticity of the vascular walls, which prevents the development of many of its pathologies.
Vitamin A has a positive effect on the human immune system, improves vision and is a prophylactic agent for cancer. There is only one significant remark - this vitamin is absorbed only when dissolved in a fat base, and there is no fat in white currants. Unfortunately, you have to either accept this fact, or mix the berry with some fatty product, for example, with sour cream or cream.
The B vitamins of the family B help to strengthen the blood vessels and strengthen the nutrition of the organs and tissues of the body. They also have a beneficial effect on the state of the nervous system during stress and nerve overload. In men, white currant helps to cope with erectile dysfunction and enhance the potency, as well as the quality of the seed.
Vitamin E, which is rightly called the vitamin of youth and beauty, is found in large quantities in the berries. It is a strong antioxidant that slows down the process of natural aging of the body, contributes to the extension of the reproductive age in women.
Vitamin P - rutin, on the contrary, is absorbed only in the presence of ascorbic acid, having a healing effect on the blood vessels, increasing their permeability. Like all flavonoids, rutin stabilizes blood pressure, heals the cardiovascular system and the entire body. In addition, it stimulates the function of the excretory organs, in particular, the liver and kidneys.
Particular attention should be paid to such an important substance as pectin, contained in this type of currant in a very large amount. Pectin is a natural gelling agent and provides sanitary aid to the body - it binds and evacuates toxins, heavy metal compounds. Entering with him in the interaction, these substances are derived in a natural way. That is why it is often used in acute intoxications.
In particular, pectin performs the following functions:
- regulates the oxidation of substances in organs and systems
- improves gastrointestinal function,
- reduces cholesterol levels
- has anti-inflammatory properties,
- creates a friendly environment for beneficial microflora in the digestive tract.
As can be seen from the above, the use of white currant is comparable to the similar properties of black and red currants. In folk medicine, the white species is used as an excellent antipyretic and antitussive agent, in the complex treatment of hypertension, atherosclerosis, anemia, hypovitaminosis, rheumatism, etc.
As for contraindications and possible harm, the main factor is considered to be individual intolerance to currants. If a person is diagnosed with gastritis with acidity or peptic ulcer disease, this berry will be undesirable food.
Also with caution should be treated with poor blood clotting and related diseases. White currant is a product whose health benefits and harms cannot be compared.