Monstéra is a large tropical plant that looks like a liana and belongs to the Aroid family. Under natural conditions it grows in Brazil and the equatorial belt of America, and loves the conditions of the humid tropics. It is erroneously considered that Monstera is a palm tree. In fact, this evergreen vine has large carved leaves up to 40-45 cm long.
All species are quite unpretentious, but in order to obtain a large and highly decorative plant at home, a monstera stick is used, which is a stable and reliable support. Leaves peristorassechennaya and perforated. Flowers gather on the cob. Flowering plant is long, after which it forms berries and fruits.
How blooms and where monstera grows
In room culture liana blooms annually, after which edible, relatively small fruits can be formed, which resemble pineapple in taste and aroma. Monstera flowers are quite beautiful and are represented by greenish cobs, wrapped in a dense snow-white veil. Inflorescences are most often formed at the base of the plant.
Monstera: species and varieties of plants
The classification is represented by several species and varieties. some of which are suitable for indoor floriculture:
- Monstera slanting or sickle is characterized by very graceful and neat leaves, but there is no flowering in culture,
- delicious, or delicious M. Deliciosa is the most common species with large, dissected leaves of dark green color. In young specimens are not carved leaves. In room conditions rarely blooms
- smaller variety "Borsigiana" Often called in the circle of florist florists, and refers to the most common varieties of delicacy creepers. Artificially bred perennial has slightly smaller leaves up to 30 cm in diameter,
- variegated M.variegata is the most thermophilic and slow-growing species with foliage demanding proper care, decorated with a highly decorative white pattern.
Monstera is broken through (M.pertusa), which must be looked after more carefully, is considered to be the most exotic species. The leaves are more perforated and as decorative as possible.
Monstera Flowerpot: Home Care
The name of the species does not play a significant role in the implementation of basic activities for the care of perennial in room culture. The above-ground part needs to be cut off periodically, and the culture itself needs watering, feeding and prevention. Reproduction is carried out by seed material, as well as cuttings and well-developed air layering.
Humidity, lighting and temperature
In the summer, the ornamental plant perfectly tolerates temperature increases up to 29-30 ° C, but in winter it is best to maintain the temperature at 16-18 ° C. Despite the fact that tropical culture is able to tolerate low humidity relatively easily, it is preferable to keep this indicator at high values.
The culture needs sunlight, so locating a flower pot with a plant is preferably on the east or west window. Perennial of tropical origin does not tolerate direct sunlight, so the above-ground part must necessarily pritenyat on the southern windows.
We select the pot and soil
In the conditions of home gardening, Monstera reaches a height of 200-230 cm, but the intensity of growth processes does not exceed two or three leaves each year, so there is no need to acquire too large a pot at once. The flower pot should have drainage holes required for outflow of excess water sizes. Proper adult plant transplantation takes place annually., after a winter holiday, approximately in April. After transplanting the plant must be provided with support.
As a planting substrate, it is necessary to use nutrient-rich and good moisture-retaining soil. The soil nutrient substrate based on one part of peat has good characteristics., a pair of parts of sheet humus and one part of pure sand coarse fraction or standard perlite. The earth must go through a decontamination cycle. A prerequisite for proper cultivation is the use of a sufficient amount of drainage.
Features and terms of trimming
Pruning the top is performed with a pronounced slowdown in the growth of the culture and allows you to effectively update the plant and stimulate the development of lateral shoots. To do this procedure you need a sharp and clean knife. In indoor tropical monsters, aerial roots are formed from each leaf. Cut the aerial roots can not. They should be lowered into the soil or water, which improves plant nutrition.
How to feed a indoor flower
At all stages of growth and development it is important to feed perennials correctly. When applying fertilizer is required to comply with the rule of seasonality. Feed should only be in the spring and summer periods. In winter, feeding is excluded.
It is possible to use both root and foliar feeding at least a couple of times a month, using special fertilizers intended for growing plants belonging to the Aroid family. It is recommended to use as complex feedings "Humisol" or "Epinom", and for foliar fertilizing it is best to use "Urea-K6".
Watering a flower
For irrigation, you must use a soft and well-settled water at room temperature. It is best to use for this purpose thawed snow, rain or spring water. There is no clear timetable for how often the monster should be watered. Irrigation measures are carried out after the topsoil dries in the pot. Watering in the summer, as well as in spring and early autumn, is fairly abundant. In winter, the nutrient soil should be slightly moist.
What you need to know about Monstera air roots
At its core, an organ of the aerial part, such as aerial roots, besides supplementary feeding, provides peculiar support for perennial tropical culture. When performing regular spraying you should not forget to spray also aerial roots. In the presence of overdried air and insufficient natural light, it is precisely this aerial part of the plant that suffers first. Air roots with increased dryness of the air in the room should be wrapped with a well-moistened sphagnum moss.
Why young leaves of Monstera are not carved and small
The absence of the characteristic appearance of young leaves is a natural phenomenon and is explained by botanical features. With age, the shape of the leaves changes and quickly takes on the appearance of a culture. If the leaves are too small and the growth is suspended, then you should pay attention to the lighting mode.
Why does the plant cry
The foliage “cries” at too high soil moisture levels inside the flowerpot. In this case, the earthen room should be dried, after which it will be necessary to increase the intervals between irrigation measures and reduce the amount of water used for irrigation.
Other difficulties in growing
In the process of growing monstera Flower growers may also face the following, less common problems:
- defeat stem rot in winter with an excess of moisture and low temperature conditions,
- massive yellowing of foliage during waterlogging of the soil substrate and inadequate plant nutrition,
- massive foliage, which becomes dry or becomes covered with brown spots, occurs when the temperature is too high and the flowerpot is located near the heating devices,
- exposing the lower stem part and chopping or blanching the leaves is the result of insufficient light,
- the apical part of the leaves becomes brown or paper-like when the air is too dry in the room or too close to a flower pot.
Of the pests, the greatest danger for the tropical room monster is represented by the scythe and spider mites. It is systematically necessary to inspect the above-ground part for damage by pathogenic microorganisms or pests. When signs of disease are detected, the plant must be isolated and must be subjected to treatment with solutions based on special chemicals.
When growing monsters and taking measures to take care of it, it must be remembered that this tropical plant is classified as poisonous. Juice culture contains substances that cause severe skin irritation and inflammation of the mucous membranes, so you need to be careful and use personal protective equipment.
Botanical features of the plant
Monstera (Monstera) - large tropical plants, creepers, genus of the Aroid family. The genus Monstera has about 50 species of plants. Monsteras are common in Central and South America. The gigantic size of the plant and its bizarre appearance were the basis for the name of the entire genus (from monstrum - a monster, and, perhaps, "fancy").
Monsters are evergreens, creepers, shrubs with thick climbing stalks, often hanging from aerial roots. The leaves are large, leathery. The scape is long, at the base - vaginal. Inflorescence - the ear, thick, cylindrical. Flowers at the base of the cob sterile, above - bisexual.
In general, monsters are unpretentious, they are rather easy to grow, and maybe that is why these evergreen tropical vines with beautifully dissected dark green leathery leaves with slits and holes of various shapes are among the most common indoor plants. It is only necessary to take into account that even in room conditions these plants stretch for several meters, therefore it is better to grow them in cool and spacious offices, foyers and halls. Can be used for shading (as climbing plants) and for trellis.
Monsters ideally take root in heated winter gardens. The plant contributes to the ionization of air in the room.
Features of growing monstera - briefly about the main things
Temperature. Moderate, in winter the optimum temperature is 16-18 ° C, at a higher temperature monstera quickly grows.
Lighting. Does not tolerate direct sunlight. Many believe that the monsters are shade-loving and put it in the darkest corner - this is not correct. In fact, the monstera is shade-tolerant, and the best place for it is where there is bright but diffused light or light partial shade.
Watering. It is plentiful - from spring to autumn, it is watered in winter so that the soil does not dry out, but is not over-moistened.
Fertilizer. From March to August, monsters are fed with complex fertilizer for indoor plants. Feeding every two weeks. Large plants can be once a summer in the upper layer of the earth with or without a transplant to add humus. Instead, you can still carry out watering infusion of mullein, but at the same time in the apartment there may be a smell.
Air humidity. Regular spraying. From time to time the leaves of Monstera are washed, wiped with a sponge and polished. When kept in the winter around the heating system, the tips of the leaves may dry and stains may appear.
Reproduction. Air layering and cuttings. Leave must have leaf and air root. When the monstera grows, it is cut off the top with one or more aerial roots and planted as an independent plant, while the uterine plant continues to grow further.
Transfer. Young monsters are transplanted annually. Monsters older than 4 years are transplanted in 2-3 years, but the upper layer of the earth is changed annually. Soil: 2-3 parts of sod, 1 part of peat land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of sand.
Young plants can be grown in a bucket, but plants older than 2-3 years will need a larger capacity. This can be either special flower pots (there are such on sale - of huge sizes) or wooden tubs. The inability to provide a large monster with a suitable planting capacity is a common cause of problems associated with obtaining a beautiful and healthy plant.
Monster care at home
Monsters settle in a lighted place, but in summer they need shading from direct sunlight. Many consider the monster to be a plant that easily tolerates shadowing, but in order to bring the monster in a room closer to what they have in their homeland, it is better to give them enough light to place them next to the windows (except the south, although near the windows facing north , she may not have enough light).
With the content of monsters with bright diffused light, the leaves of the plant become larger, more carved. If new leaves of a plant become shallow and do not become carved, and aerial roots become thin and weak, then this indicates a lack of light. Adult plants are sensitive to changes in light, so for no particular reason, do not change the usual place for monstera.
Monsters undemanding to heat (the higher the temperature in the room, the faster the growth occurs). Active growth begins at a temperature of 16 ° C, the optimum temperature is about 25 ° C. In winter, the plant can tolerate short-term cooling to 10-12 ° C, but the optimum temperature in winter is 16-18 ° C. Monsters in the autumn-winter period do not tolerate drafts.
In the spring and summer, the monster is poured abundantly, with soft settled water, as the top layer of the substrate dries. From autumn, watering is reduced, in winter they are watered moderately, two or three days after the top layer of the substrate dries.
Excessive moisture should be avoided, otherwise the leaves of the Monstera lose decorative value (dark spots appear) and root rot often occurs. In all periods, it is not allowed to dry the earthy coma.
Plant leaves should be regularly sprayed with soft, separated water at room temperature and periodically cleaned with a damp cloth, cleaning them from dust.
Top dressing is obligatory for adult plants (from April to August 1 time in 2 weeks with mineral and organic fertilizers), young plants can do without top dressings. The growth of adult plants without feedings slows down.
Monstera needs a support - a lattice, sticks stuck in a pot, a cord stretched, etc.
Pruning the tops of old plants stimulates the formation of lateral shoots.
Addition air roots that grow in a monster against each sheet cannot be cut off; they must be lowered into the ground in a pot or a box or, if collected in a bundle, be planted in an additional pot with nutrient ground. These roots form a lot of fibrous roots and significantly improve the root nutrition of the plant.
If the air is not humid enough for the monsters, and the temperature is high, the ends of the air roots that do not reach the ground in the tub are tied with wet moss or dipped in water bottles. Over time, these roots will also be able to take part in the nutrition of the plant. Sometimes the aerial roots of a plant can be attached to a wall.
Special dry palm-wrapped plastic props are available for sale. They can be filled with soil and make small holes for aerial roots. In humid air, before the onset of overcast or rainy weather, and in winter, before the thaw, at the ends of the leaves the monsters gather large drops of water, rolling down from the plant.
At home, Monstera blooms annually, in room culture - relatively rare. With good nutrition after 2 years the plant can give large inflorescences. The flowers are bisexual, gathered in the ear with a cream cover. As the fruit ripens, the veil stiffens and falls.
Monstera. © eliffilyos
Purple monster seed heads, resembling corn cobs, formed by small juicy, pressed to each other fruits, have a delicate sweet taste and aroma, reminiscent of the mixed aroma of pineapple and strawberry. Flooring - up to 20 cm long.
Young plants must be replanted annually, 3-4 year olds - once every 2 years, older than 5 years - every 3-4 years, however annual grounding is necessary. The composition of the land for young plants: turf - 1 hour, humus - 2 hours, peat - 1 hour, sand - 1 hour, the pH of the substrate is 5.5-6.0.
In the mixture for adult plants, you can take 3 parts of sod and 1 part of hardwood, peat, humus soil and sand (pH 6.5-7.0). At the bottom of the pot provide good drainage. Plants grow better in large pots.
Monster is propagated by shoots, cuttings, seeds (less often).
When seed breeding monster seeds are sown in a warm bright room. Seeds sprout in 2-4 weeks. The seedling first appears juvenile leaves not dissected, and already in the fifth or eighth month - adult real leaves. After two years, plants grown from seeds have a well-developed root system, 3-5 juveniles and 2-4 adult leaves. Caring for seedlings usual: picking, planting in pots, annual transplanting.
Боковыми отростками, появляющимися в нижней части стеблей, монстеру размножают в марте-июне, тогда же – верхушечными или стеблевыми черенками (кусок стебля с 1-2 листами). Срезы присыпают толченым древесным углем, дают подсохнуть. Высаживают в отдельные горшки, накрывают стеклом или стеклянными банками. На дно посуды кладут слой дренажа из битых черепков, затем двухсантиметровый слой торфяной или перегнойной земли, а сверху насыпают 2-3 см крупного песка. Температура в помещении желательна 20-25°С. Поливают утром и вечером.
After rooting, the young plants of the Monstera are planted in an intermediate dish, and an enlarged specimen is transplanted into the tub or bulk pot with a tray in 3-4 years.
Better rooted cuttings Monstera, having at least a small aerial roots.
Older plants usually lose their lower leaves and become ugly. Therefore, we can recommend this method of reproduction: one or two uppermost air roots tightly wrapped with moist moss, tied with a bast or twine and attached to the trunk. Monstera airy roots in a wet moss form many roots, after which the top with one or two leaves is cut and planted in a pot so that the roots and cut are covered with earth (the cut must be sprinkled with charcoal powder.) So get beautiful young plants, and old stems soon form new side shoots. The old plant becomes branched and rejuvenated.
Monstera and other plants in the interior. © Igor Josifovic
Precautionary measures. Monstera contains irritating skin and mucous membranes. The juice of unripe fruit can cause inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, gastric and intestinal bleeding.
Monstera Adanson (Monstera adansonii Schott). Synonym: Dracontium pertusum L., Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese, Philodendron pertusum (L.) Kunth & C. D. Bouche.
Homeland - from Costa Rica to Brazil, is found in tropical forests. Liana, reaching a height of 8 m. The leaves are thin, with numerous small holes all over the plate, 22–55 cm long, 15–40 cm wide. The blade plate is egg-shaped. It rarely flowers in culture. An ear on a short peduncle 8–13 cm long, 1.5–2 cm wide, light yellow.
Monstera delicacyor attractive (Monstera deliciosa Lieb.). Synonym: Philodendron perforated (Philodendron pertusum Kunth et Bouehe). It grows in tropical rain forests, mountain forests, rising to a height of 1000 m above sea level in Central America. Climbing liana. The leaves are large, up to 60 cm in diameter, heart-shaped, deeply dissected, pinnate-lobed and in holes, leathery. Young leaves heart-shaped, entire. An ear 25 cm long and 10–20 cm thick. The cover is white. The fruit is a berry with the smell of pineapple, the pulp of the fruit is edible (sometimes there is an unpleasant burning sensation in the mouth due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals), it resembles pineapple in taste.
It is a well-known climbing indoor plant, in greenhouses it reaches 10-12 m in height, in rooms up to 3 m. Adult plants with proper care can bloom annually, the fruits ripen within 10-12 months. There is a white-and-white form (Variegata)which grows slower and more demanding of conditions.
Monstera Borsig (Monstera deliciosa borsigiana (S. Koch ex Engl.) Kngt. Et Krause). Homeland plants - Mexico. The leaves are smaller than M. deliciosa, up to 30 cm in diameter, the stems are thinner. The subspecies originated in culture as a result of splitting during seed multiplication and subsequent selection. Suitable for growing in rooms and other rooms.
Monstera slanting (Monstera obliqua Miq.). Synonym: M. crescent (M. falcifolia Engl.), M. expilata (M. expilata Schott.) It grows in tropical rain forests of Brazil (Parana and Amazon) and Guiana. Climbing liana. The leaves are elliptical or oblong-lanceolate, 18–20 cm long and 5–6 cm wide, unequal at the base, whole. The scape is short, 12-13 cm long. Inflorescence on a short, 7-8 cm long, peduncle. The ear is small, 4cm long, few-flowered.
Monstera punched, or full of holes (Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese). Synonym: M. Adason (M. adansonii Schott), M. pierced, a species of jaeqminii (M. pertusa var. Jaeqminii (Scholt) Engl.). It grows in tropical rain forests in tropical America. Climbing liana. The leaves are ovate or oblong-ovate 60–90 cm long and 20–25 cm wide, unequal, more widened in the lower part, unevenly perforated. The cover is white, 20 cm long. Ear up to 10 cm long.
Possible difficulties in growing monstera
- In the shadows, the growth of Monstera is suspended, the trunk is exposed.
- The brown spots on the lower surface of the leaf of the monstera are caused by the red spider mite.
- Due to lack of nutrition, the monster leaves turn yellow.
- Due to overmoistening, the soil may turn yellow and even rot the leaves.
- Because of too dry air or too close a pot, the tops of the lobes and the edges of the leaves of the monstera become brown and papery.
- When there is an excess of sunlight, pale leaves with yellow spots are formed.
- With a lack of light, small and pale leaves grow, shoots lengthen, and the stalk of the monstera begins to curl.
- If the soil is too wet, the monster leaves “cry” (drops of moisture protrude on them) - let the soil dry out and increase the intervals between waterings. Drops on the leaves may occur before rain.
- When the plant is kept in a dark place and when there is a lack of nutrients, the monster leaves that appear appear to have a solid plate.
- With age, the lower leaves of the monsteras always fall. But if before falling off the leaves become dry and brown, then the reason for this is too high air temperature.
- Old plants form many aerial roots. They should not be removed, it is advisable to send them to the substrate, to the pot or tub. As already noted, they contribute to better plant nutrition.
- Monstera can be damaged by aphids, spider mites, flaps.
We are waiting for your advice on growing these beautiful plants!
Another name for the plant is philodendron. It refers to the number of vines, which is hard to believe, looking at the huge carved and glittering in the light leaves of a giant indoor flower. The length of the leaves is about 30 cm. Young plants have whole leaves, which grow as they are full of holes and slit. It is for such an exotic look that a flower, resembling a kind of green monster, got its name.
Europeans exotic plant fell in the middle of the XVIII century. Initially, the appearance of an attractive monstera was introduced to the expanses of Great Britain. Subsequently, from an expedition along the Mexican coast by Europeans, Monstera karwinsky was brought. It gained popularity as a houseplant closer to the end of the 18th century. A special merit in the study of its natural species belongs to the American botanist Thomas Croatt, who at the end of the 20th century made a description of six new monsters.
In nature, there are about 50 varieties of the exotic "monster-flower", but in the house several of them are usually grown, including hybrid varieties. In this case, Monstera is one of the most popular indoor plants, yielding the palm among the evergreen plantations to a wide variety of ficus.
Monstera Delicious (Monstera deliciosa)
It is also called attractive (monstera deliciosa lieb.), Since it looks more advantageous with large, delicately cut heart-shaped leaves against the background of relatives with perforated leaves. In the wild, it is found in humid South American tropics and mountain forests, where it can grow at an altitude of more than 1 thousand meters.
Home conditions allow the plant to grow up to 3 meters in height, and in greenhouses, where the natural habitats of Monstera are recreated, it can reach 12 m. With proper care, it will bloom in the house annually, but fruits can appear only under greenhouse conditions. The fruits are edible berries, taste like pineapple, so the species is also called Monstera Lakaya.
Monstera deliciosa borsigiana
Among the varieties can be identified several of the most famous and popular for cultivation. Monster delicacy monstera grows very slowly and is the most demanding in terms of care. Variety "Variegata" has a cream (less snow-white) stripes or spots on the leaves, because of which they seem covered with marble chips. Therefore, the species is sometimes called variegated marble monstera.
Variety Borziga or Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana bred from Mexican varieties of plants specifically for growing at home. It especially attracts lovers of indoor evergreen flowers, because it has smaller dimensions compared to its main relatives.
By the way, at most-beauty.ru you can enjoy the beauty of the most popular indoor plants in the world, simply by clicking on the link.
Monstera Adanson (Monstera adansonii)
It is found in the tropics from Costa Rica to Brazil. Can grow up to eight meters. The leaves are egg-shaped, large, long, with numerous openings over the entire surface. At home it blooms very rarely. Inflorescence of light yellow color looks like a corn cob.
It is also called crescent. She is the smallest of all species. Its homeland is the Brazilian rainforests. The view is more compact and less dimensional than its relatives. Long and wide lace leaves with asymmetrical oblong slots give it a special decorative appeal. At home, does not bloom. Since the plant has many aerial roots, it will certainly need support for normal growth and development.
The species originally from Mexico grows up to three meters in height. Initially, the plant has whole bright green leaves, which, as they mature, acquire a darker color. With age, slots appear on their surface. Because of the substantial dimensions, it is often not the rooms in the houses that are decorated with this flower, but the offices and public institutions (cafes, libraries, cinemas). It will effectively look in the center of a spacious living room of a country house. This species grows well in the shade.
Monstera adansonii (Monstera adansonii)
A very tall flower has especially large leaves, so only the most avid flower growers are able to grow it in urban apartments. But all efforts are worth the result, because the most decorative and attractive monstera pleases the gaze, not only with a woody look with numerous carved leaves, but also blooming with beautiful snow-white flowers. The plant requires excellent natural lighting, it is ideal for spacious rooms with panoramic windows.
Pointed (Monstera acuminata)
Differs bright green heart-shaped leaves with pointed edges, from which originated the name of the species. In an adult plant, leaflets can reach half a meter in length. In room conditions usually does not bloom.
Marble (Monstera variegata)
A rare, high-growing species native to East India. In a young flower, the leaves are whole, as they grow, they acquire cuts, becoming particularly prominent. The trunk and leaves are covered with white or beige coating, which gives the plant a particularly exotic look.
Doubtful (monstera dubia)
An interesting feature of the species is the variegated leaves, which in young plants have pronounced silver patterns between the veins. In an adult flower, they acquire a standard green color and carved appearance.
Myths, signs and superstitions
Monstere is credited with a curious property to predict the weather, which is why it is called the flower-synoptic. Before the rain, droplets of moisture can usually appear on its leaves.
The plant is surrounded by many myths and associated superstitions. Most of them are associated with an unusual look - carved leaves and curved roots, because of which it resembles an enchanted monster. That is why many are unsure whether the monster can be kept at home without fear for life. If you believe a number of signs, myths and superstitions, it is poisonous and can cause harm to its owners.
There are even very creepy myths. It is believed that the monstera can suffocate a person and even feeds on the flesh of the dead. The last myth is related to the fact that in the jungle often found the bones of the dead, enmeshed in this plant. But no one knows for certain how these people died, and, most likely, the plant grew after their death.
It is also believed that this is a vampire plant, because it absorbs energy and even, according to some, oxygen in the room. In this regard, in particular, it is not recommended to keep a flower in the bedroom. But on the premises where scandals often arise, it will only benefit from it, since it absorbs the negative, absorbs the energy of chaos.
Some also believe that this plant can relieve headaches if you lie down next to it. There is some truth in this belief, because the flower has leaves with a large surface. They help purify the air, and in the rooms where the monstera is located, it is easier to breathe.
Among the useful properties is the ability to ionize the air of the room where this flower is located. Therefore, the inhabitants of the house with him are less likely to get sick. In Asian countries, monster is endowed with the properties of a true talisman defender, capable of attracting good luck.
Monstera in the interior
Monstera is not demanding to care and decorative very attractive. Not surprisingly, she was easily able to win the role of a real favorite among lovers of indoor plants. Such indoor flowers as Benjamin's ficus, “Female happiness”, tangerine tree are suitable as “neighbors”.
And we have recently written an interesting article about ficuses. We highly recommend reading.
Monstera is used not only as a living plant in the phytodesign of a room. She also plays a leading role in fashion trends in interior decor. It often serves as a decorative element and one of the trendy patterns of botanical prints.
If you want to keep up with fashion trends, you can use the following recommendations:
- Drain the leaves of the plant, place it in the herbarium frames and decorate the walls with them.
- Use the flower sheet as a stamp to decorate wallpaper / walls with an original print. It is necessary to cover one side with a suitable color of acrylic paint, and then press it tightly against a wall or another object, where an ornament from the prints of carved flower leaves will be created.
- Use a sheet of monstera as a template for creating original napkins and textile panels, decorative carved elements made of plywood. The latter, painted in bright colors, will be an ideal thematic decoration of the eco-interior, if they are mounted on furniture and walls.
- Order special sconces, table lamps with shade leaves monstera.
- Cut the leaves of Monstera and create an unusual bouquet for a vase, complementing them with blooming buds of other plants.
Pictures and photos of the flower are partially able to convey the unique charm that it possesses. Curious is the fact that its name can be translated in two versions: "monster" or "quaint". It depends on your view on the monster what value it has to give: a monster or a bizarre exotic beauty that can decorate any room.
The tropical evergreen Monstera or philodendron belongs to the Aroid family. Monstera's homeland is equatorial America; in the 19th century, the liana was brought to Southeast Asia, where it settled down safely. In the world there are about fifty species of this plant.
Due to the large carved leaves, up to half a meter long and unpretentious home-grown, Monstera holds the leading position in popularity among indoor flowers.Homeland plants
In the wild, Monstera can grow up to ten meters, clinging with a flexible and powerful stem to large trees, rocks. When growing indoors, the flower reaches 2 - 4 m in height, and it requires reliable support.
On the stem grow long air roots resembling the tentacles of an ancient monster. The eerie appearance of the plant doomed it to an unspoken name - monstera (monster), and associated with the flower many myths and legends.
Brilliant dark green leathery leaves sit on long petioles. They are covered with oblong slots. Often, drops of moisture protrude on the leaf plate, which is why the plant seems to be "crying."
Monstera blooms with inconspicuous greyish flowers, gathered in an inflorescence - a thick ear, surrounded by a cream-colored veil.Monstera
In the indoor floriculture Monstera the Attractive (Delicious) has become very popular. The plant grows up to 200 cm in height, has large leaves with holes in the shape of a heart.
On a note. Fruits with seeds of Monstera Delicacy are tied and ripen at home extremely rarely. But, if this happens, they can be eaten. They taste like pineapple.
Below are photos of the flower, different types of monsteras.
Types of monster for cultivation in pot culture:
- Adansona - liana, up to 7 m in length, foliage with multiple slots, up to 50 cm in size,
Adanson Borsig - a compact type of Monstera, with small (up to 30 cm) leaves and a thin stem,
Borsig Oblique or sickle-shaped vine is several meters long, with narrow lanceolate or elliptic leaves (6 cm by 18 cm),
Oblique Punched or Leaky - a vine with huge, almost meter-long leaves, with uneven cuts across the entire leaf plate.
To accommodate the indoor flower, choose a spacious and bright room, because the monstera needs good lighting and sufficient height of the ceilings to grow up.
The flower does not withstand the direct rays of the sun, gentle foliage gets serious burns in the sun. But in the shadow of a tropical creeper is not worth keeping. A good place to install a tub with a flower - not far from the eastern or western windows, ideally - in a spacious and bright hall, winter garden. Нередко цветок размещают в столовой или на кухне, так как, доказано его положительное воздействие на очищение воздуха.
Комфортная температура окружающей среды для лианы, около +18 градусов. Повышение температуры до 24 и выше, ведёт к активному росту монстеры, что в домашних условиях нежелательно.
Монстера предпочитает расти в рыхлой и плодородной земле. The composition of the mixture should include: 1 part coarse sand (vermiculite), peat, humus and 3 parts of good sod soil.
The flower needs large volumes of soil. Young plants are placed in 8-10 l soils, after 4 years the flower requires about 30 l of soil. At the bottom of the tubs necessarily poured a layer of expanded clay or broken brick as a drainage. The presence of drain holes in the bottom of the pot is necessary.Plant in the pot
Among the indoor plants brought from the tropics, Monstera is known for its love of moisture. In spring and summer, watering a flower is often necessary and abundant, but avoiding stagnant moisture in the pan. Water for the plant should be at room temperature, not hard. At home, tap water is settled or filtered. Good effect gives watering rain or melt water. In the cold season, the monster is watered less often, once a week is enough.
The wide leaves of the plant should be regularly cleaned from dust with a damp sponge or cloth. It is useful to spray the plant with whole warm water. When central heating works and the air in the apartment becomes too dry, wide vessels, filled with water, are placed near the plant. A small decorative fountain looks aesthetically.
A large plant needs strong support. A decorative, but strong lattice or trellis is attached to a pot or wall near a flower tub.
Adult monstera is fed twice a month in the spring-summer season. Organic fertilizers (solution of chicken manure or mullein in low concentration) alternate with mineral complexes.
When the plant reaches the desired height of the grower, the top of the flower can be cut. This operation will give impetus to the development of side branches, the monstera will become more magnificent.
Important! Monstera airy roots can not be cut! They are either lowered into a flower pot in order for the plant to receive additional nutrition, or lowered into jars of water, suspended from the branches. Sometimes the roots are immersed in small plastic tubes filled with a mixture of peat and sod ground. Tubes stick in the pot.
Young plants, up to 4 years of age, are transplanted into new large containers annually. Adult specimens only change the topsoil to fresh soil.
Under ideal conditions, from the age of two, the monstera may bloom. Its inflorescences resemble the flowers of calla, only much larger. After flowering on the cob ripen many small fruits filled with seeds.Monstera Blossom
Despite the simplicity of the plant, the florist needs to know what problems he may encounter while growing a monstera. The flower may be affected by pests such as scab, thrips, spider mites, mealybugs. As a rule, the spread of pests contributes to too dry indoor air.
They fight pests with a cool shower, rubbing leaves and branches with a sponge dipped in soapy water, tincture of garlic or tobacco. With a strong reproduction of the pest, use Actellic (2 ml per liter), Fitoverm, Decis, Inta-Vir.
Important! Spraying the plant with chemicals, you need to take care of protection, working in a respirator and gloves. It is better to cover the flower with a piece of film so that the poison does not get into the room air.
Often the grower notices that the monster leaves turn yellow and dry out. There may be several reasons for this:
- excess moisture in the soil at low air temperature (watering too often in winter),
- lack of moisture and too dry air,
- the leaf got a sunburn (as a rule, these are local yellowed and drying spots).
Correct the situation by eliminating the causes of the disease. At the same time, drying and falling off of the old lower foliage is a natural process if the foliage does not dry en masse.Diseased plant
The plant can be propagated with the help of seeds and vegetatively. Monstera seeds are sown in loose and fertile soil (sand, peat, humus), only slightly sprinkling with soil. Pots of crops left at 25 degrees in a bright room. Shoots appear in a month.
They take care of the seedlings in a standard way: water, loosen the soil, protect from drafts, transplant.
On a note. The first leaves of the Monsteras are not dissected. The real leaves, characteristic of the plant, will appear only by the 5th month of the life of the flower.
In the spring (until June), the monster can be propagated:
- side branches with leaves,
- the tip of the stem, remaining from trimming the flower,
- cuttings (part of the stem with a pair of leaves).
Monstera sprinkle branches with powdered charcoal and slightly crumble in air. The cuttings are planted in separate pots with light soil (peat and humus + sand), covered with plastic bottles, glass jars or a simple transparent bag on top.
Every day the plants are aired and watered. They contain them with ambient lighting and a temperature of +22 +24 degrees. When the seedlings take root, the monstera is transplanted into another dish with a bold soil (the proportion of humus increases).Plant twigs
Monstera's eerie appearance for a long time deterred flower lovers from placing plants in residential areas. Monstera settled in greenhouses, winter gardens, hospitals and offices. There is enough superstition about the supposedly heavy energy of the plant. Monster is called a flower - energy vampire. Cacti, ivy, rubber plants were in the same company with it. It was believed that these flowers, while in the bedroom or other rooms, provoke quarrels in the family.
Fortunately, in the modern world, superstition has less and less space. Monstera confidently becomes one of the most indoor plants. A large, bright green plant cleans the air in the room or microorganisms, the view of the large sprawling foliage calms.
The pots with the monster are set on the floor or low stands, necessarily providing a support for the winding stem. The flower looks impressive against the light wall, in a minimalist design room.
Monster can be included in the composition of tropical plants with different invoice of foliage: large ficus, ferns, hibiscus. The main thing is to correlate the size of partners, giant monstera visually "crush" delicate orchids or small-leaved ivy.
See also a video on the topic:
Types and varieties
As indoor plants, the most famous are Monstera delicacy and Monstera oblique. The first got its name because of the fruits that ripen from the 3rd year of life. They are considered to be a delicacy for good reason, since they are very tasty and have a rich pineapple smell, but the “domesticated” liana very rarely can be pampered by the host with a treat.
Foliage monster delicacy or attractive (M. deliciosa) large, leathery, heavily dissected. In nature, such a structure of a leaf plate has an important function - to protect it from damage by powerful streams of tropical storms. The stem is flexible, woody with time, up to 3-4 m.
An exotic view of the plant is attached to the aerial roots, hanging from the beard with vines. Sometimes the delicacy monster can be recognized by another name - Philodendron leaky. For plant lovers, two varieties of this species are common - Borsigiana (with large green leaves) and Variegata (with white divorces).