Every person all his life stretches to the primordial nature. You can create it in the garden, if you plant evergreen iberis. Since the cultivation of these flowers does not require much effort, in a short time the garden will be dressed in a thick flowering carpet. Pleasant aroma and lovely flowers will delight gardeners from early spring to the beginning of hot summer. Who would not want to go to such a paradise? It is clear that all.
Other names for an evergreen iberis are stennik, a golden flower or a mantra. It can be either in the form of an annual herbaceous plant, or a perennial shrub of many years. Initially, the plant was noticed in Spain, which in ancient times was called Iberia. Delicate flowers grew on the slopes of the majestic Iberian mountains. Externally, the Iberis colonies resembled light fluffy clouds. Today, more than 3 dozen plant species are known.
Rate the beauty of the overseas flower
Virtually all types of stennik are low-growing plants that gracefully creep along the ground. Thanks to this, it creates original garden landscapes. Iberis evergreen feels great among the stones on the alpine hills. When the flowers bloom against the dark green leaves in early spring, there is no limit to the admiration.
The plant is valued for its external beauty and unsurpassed fragrance. This fact should be taken into account by those who are allergic to odors.
The undersized shrub of the Iberis grows to half a meter. It has many dense branches, which at the bottom of the bush are tree-like, and at the top are gentle and flexible. Small dark green leaves are located close to each other, creating a solid cap. Shoots, usually grow vertically upward, sprawling nature. Photos of Iberis Evergreen will help to consider all its charms.
Known species of this plant today are:
- Bitter. It is a low-growing version up to 30 cm. The flowers are white with a delicate violet shade.
- Umbrella. Annual plant, up to 40 cm high. Dense inflorescences of pink or lilac shade. They have a strong aroma.
- Gibraltar Perennial shrub. Has corymbose inflorescences of lilac color.
In general, it can be said that iberis is an original fluffy plant with an unusual flow of inflorescences.
Growing methods for evergreen iberis
In order to breed in the garden iberis, does not require excellent skill. Since the plant is unpretentious, it can be planted on any sunny part of the garden. Plant suitable soil of such species:
Often it is used for the design of rock gardens. A photo of planting iberis evergreen and caring for it gives an idea to plant lovers how to do it correctly.
There are such methods of plant reproduction:
- sowing seeds
- division of bushes
- using cuttings.
Before you start breeding iberis, you should decide which method is best to use.
Sow annual flowers wisely when the soil warms well. At this time, the seeds are dipped in prepared wells. To increase the flowering period of Iberis, the process can be repeated. Shoots appear in 1-2 weeks.
Reproduction with cuttings begins after the plant has faded. To do this, choose a strong shoots, cut from them cuttings up to 7 cm and planted in separate pots. They are put on a bright place and watered. Over time, the cuttings take root. In the fall they are planted in the garden.
In order for the cuttings to quickly take root, a special primer should be used. It includes land, sand and peat.
Iberis can also be propagated by carefully cutting the bush into small fractions. This method is acceptable for the autumn period. Bushes do not water because there is enough rainfall at this time of the year.
Perennial species of evergreen iberis should be regularly fertilized to protect it from diseases. In addition, it will produce more succulent flowers. And the plot of land will turn into a floral oasis of pleasure.
How to plant
Iberis umbrella - unpretentious and easy to care flower. Even a novice can easily figure out how to grow iberis. Planting and caring for him is primarily the right choice of soil. Sandy or stony is ideal for this plant.
Iberis can be grown in every corner of the garden, even in the most unsightly. The only thing that needs to be considered when choosing a seat is the absence of large dampness, sunlight.
Iberis is planted in the warm springtime. Since weather conditions may differ in different regions, the best time to plant is three spring months. After planting, you need to give the young ones to get stronger. At night, during the cold run I need to cover.
It is recommended to disinfect the soil before planting. To do this, use special solutions or potassium permanganate. When planting between plants, sufficient space should be left, at least 20 cm. After planting, the plant should be watered immediately. The next watering is done after the flower takes root.
With the help of seeds
Sow the seeds should be in the spring from April to May, then, when the soil is already warmed. The earth should be compacted, perekapat, prepare the grooves for planting. Planting seeds to a depth of 1 cm. After a couple of weeks, you can already admire the first shoots. The first flowers will appear in one and a half to two months after landing.
Often, professionals plant an iberis umbrella in open ground in late autumn, before the frosts come. Thanks to the late sowing, a hardened, strong flower will grow from the seeds.
In addition, the plant will be protected from the cruciferous flea. Already in the second month of spring the first flowers will appear on such bushes.
Resistant plant can appear due to self-seeding. After the seeds have ripened, they crumble and grow in the spring.
Breeding iberis seedlings
Seed should be sown at home beforehand. Do it in the last month of winter - the first month of spring. It is possible to transfer saplings to the garden already in May, when the weather will be warm. It is worth knowing that iberis is a fragile flower and he does not like moving. It should be planted in the garden along with the container, cutting off the bottom of it, or by way of transshipment. Suitable for growing seedlings pots of peat.
In pre-prepared containers seed planted. After 2 weeks you can see the first shoots.
In case of cloudy weather, the plant should be given the backlight. When caring for seedlings, it is important to monitor the soil moisture level so that moisture does not accumulate in excess. Water the seedlings as needed.
How to care for the plant
Care for iberis is not difficult, it is important to follow a few recommendations:
- Watering. There should be no overmoistening of the soil. Experts advise watering the plant only in very dry weather.
- Fertilize The plant is optional, but you can use mineral complexes for flowering herbs. When the first leaves appear, you can add the first dressing, while laying the flowers in the second one.
- In a faded plant, shoots are shortened to a third length. Be sure to cut off all the dried buds. If Iberis is one-year-old, it should be uprooted with the root.
- Every 3 - 4 years, perennial varieties should be replanted.
Fight against diseases and pests
Iberis is most often exposed to fungal diseases, namely root rot. This is not surprising, because the rhizome is sensitive to moisture and vulnerable. To get rid of this scourge, annuals should remove damaged parts and disinfect the soil. For perennials use special drugs.
In addition to root rot, there may be such pests:
- cruciferous flea,
- mealy worms.
It is possible to determine the damage of a plant by pests by characteristic signs: the flower loses its decorative effect, the leaves turn yellow, fall off, the flowering is not as lush as it used to be. To combat the pests described above, you should use chemical preparations, traditional methods. The latter include spraying the plant with a solution of soap and ash. Such processing can be carried out several times.
Iberis - quite unpretentious plant, which can decorate the garden. Deal with the rules of care for this flower can even amateur gardener. It is important to adhere to the recommendations described in this article and, then, the plant will delight with its beautiful flowering.
Secrets of growing Iberis evergreen in your garden
For many years, we have known iberis as a garden, park, lawn culture. This plant is unpretentious and has excellent decorative qualities. But for his breeding you need to know some subtleties.
Description and features of evergreen iberis
It looks like a small branched spherical bush, 20-50 cm tall. Leathery, oblong, separately-pinnate or simple, shiny and evergreen leaves. Iberis is a plant that winters with foliage and “wakes up” in the spring with leaves. Flowers are silvery or milky-white, small –1-1.5 cm in diameter, collected in umbellate inflorescences up to 40 pcs. in each. The fruit is a bivalve flat pod with light yellow seeds, which germinate for four years. In 1 g of seeds - up to 450 seeds. It blooms twice: the first bloom of Iberis lasts about 3-4 weeks in April-June, the second - in the middle of August. In bloom, the diameter of a single iberis bush is 80-100 cm. The root system is pivotal. It grows up to 10 years in one place.
Iberis is not very demanding for its nutritional value, but it takes root and blooms better on stony, sandy, loamy soils.
The most popular varieties of Iberis evergreen
Snowflake - neat little bushes up to 30 cm in height with snow-white flowers. Flowering - in April.
Findel (Findel) - fluffy spherical bushes 25 cm tall.
Little Gem (Little Gem) - dwarf varieties, miniature half-poses not higher than 12 cm.
Planting seeds for seedlingsFor seedlings, seedlings are sown in containers in mid-late March. To do this, choose permeable, moderately dense, not loose soil. You can purchase land for seedlings. The use of organic fertilizers is not necessary. The soil is watered, evenly sprinkled on top of it with seeds, and then the seeds are slightly sprinkled with earth (a layer not higher than 2 mm) and covered with glass or film. Greenhouse conditions are created in a covered container - a mode necessary for seed germination when they are optimally and constantly moistened.
Water carefully, preferably with a sprayer, as the soil dries. After 10-12 days shoots are shown, which should be thinned out at excessive density. Planting of iberis seedlings - after reaching the stem 6-7 cm in height. Before this, pinch off the tip and plant sprouts together with a mud ball from the container into the ground.
Sowing in open groundIn the south, where there is no frost, the seeds can be sown in winter in late autumn. In other areas in the spring, after the cessation of frost and warming. When sowing, take into account the climate of each individual region and the severity of winter, different in different years. On average, this is April or May. The depth of the planting holes is 6-10 mm, the seeds are poured with a thin line and covered with earth. Watered moderately. After germination (usually after 14-18 days) sprouts thin out, the width between them should be 15-20 cm.
Cuttings of plants are cut already after flowering, planted in containers or pots, they create a greenhouse regime, left in a bright place. Cuttings are taken last year's upper 5-8 cm long, 3-4 cuttings can be placed in one container. Planting evergreen iberis in the open field is carried out in the fall (then the plant is warmed for the winter) or in the spring of next year.
Division of rhizomesThis method is also called the division of the bush. They spend it in early spring, separating the stalks of the bush from each other and shortening the top by about 1/3 - this will help the plant to settle down better in a new place.
They select for transplantation the most magnificent and strong half-jacks.
Choosing a place and partners for iberis
Suitable for alpine hills, stony gardens, stone platforms, looks great in combination with wild stone and decorative stonework. Borders and a border of iberis in flower beds and flower beds look striking. Evergreen iberis is combined with saxifrage, studded with phlox, sedum, rocky alissum. Also different kinds of iberis planted together look good. This method, due to over-pollination during flowering, is not suitable if it is planned to collect seeds from plants for breeding.
Iberis care tips in your gardenBy itself, Iberis is lush and grows well, therefore, when planning your garden, you need to calculate a place for it in advance. In general, the care of the plant is very simple. Watering in a timely manner, avoiding strong drying out of the soil, watering is always moderate. Fertilizing in the soil for iberis can not do at all, but if you feed before flowering, it will be more friendly and plentiful. It is necessary to remove the flowering inflorescences and prune the stems after flowering by a third. After five years, iberis is better to sit down - otherwise the flowers will become smaller.
Resistance of Iberis evergreen to diseases and pests
Iberes is sufficiently resistant to disease. But it can be affected by cabbage forger, mealybugs, cruciferous flea flowers and fungal diseases of rhizomes with excessive watering. For the treatment of harmful insects used garden insectoacaricides, which destroy the pests of iberis. And with root rot, the plant is uprooted and burned, and the soil is treated with disinfectants.
It is not difficult to care for iberis, and the aesthetic pleasure derived from its flowering is great. Iberis also often decorates houses and apartments. In the vase it exudes a delicate pleasant aroma.
Flowerbed and garden decoration - Iberis evergreen - growing and care
Iberis evergreen - growing and care - Making flower beds and garden
Iberis evergreen - one of the first heralds of heat in the spring garden. You can often see how green bushes stick out from under the snow.
The genus Iberis has only 40 species of plants, belongs to the cruciferous family. This perennial forms lush dense half-pocks about 30 cm high, grows abundantly so that the diameter of the bush can reach 1 meter. Leaves at iberis leathery, evergreen.
The plant blooms very abundantly with white flowers with a diameter of about 1.5 cm. Despite the small sizes of flowers, their number is large: up to a thousand flowers can grow at the same time on a single plant, therefore flowering iberis looks like a white cloud, the green leaves are almost invisible. Flowering begins in late April and lasts a month.
When growing iberis, it is necessary to take into account the fact that this plant is very light-loving, tolerates only light shading. With a lack of light, flowering is significantly reduced. It can adapt to cultivation on any soil, but does not tolerate overly moist.
The main thing that needs to be done when growing iberis is to keep the bush compact. To do this, after collecting the seeds, the stems are pruned. For iberis, the evergreen is not demanding, but in the spring you can make a complex fertilizer.
The plant is resistant to diseases and pests. If the summer is droughty, then iberis may be subject to an invasion of earthen fleas, which are rather easy to get rid of on iberis: just moisten the soil around the shrubs a little more.
This undemanding plant can decorate any corner of your garden: it looks great on alpine hills, and in mono version on the lawn, very beautifully planted among large stones.