Indeoutka, or musk duck, is not a cross between a turkey and a duck, as it is commonly believed, it is a separate breed of birds that deserves attention. What is the indoout famous? First of all, it should be said that this bird carries eggs that can be eaten, but ordinary ducks cannot boast in such a way. Also, this breed is considered to be meat, as it has a considerable mass. For example, well-fed drake can weigh about 5 kg. However, we will focus on the question of egg production and find out the answer to the question, when they start to carry eggs, how the hatching process takes place, and how to keep the poultry at this time, so that it will be carried as fruitfully as possible.
When Indoouts start laying eggs
What time does the egg carry eggs
Indeututory is considered mature at about six months, or about 200 days from birth. However, fluctuations in the smaller or larger direction are allowed, depending on the conditions in which the bird was kept. It should be said that the outflow prefers warm places, and if you fulfill this wish, then the bird will most likely be carried earlier than it usually happens. Otherwise, if it is cool in the house or there is a draft, then it will take 1-2 months longer to wait for the first laying.
As for the time of laying eggs, the time of year will depend on many factors. The most significant is the age of the bird:
- If the bird rushes is not the first time and does not apply to young animals by age, then most likely the clutch will occur at the end of winter - in spring.
- If we are talking about young birds, then it is worth waiting for the first eggs in late spring (March) - early summer (before the July period), sometimes later.
There are also differences in the time of socks eggs. When rushing indootki? If the usual domestic duck is carried at any time, then the physiology of the indoutok works in such a way that the process usually takes place in the early morning and can last until lunchtime.
There are two periods of socks eggs: autumn and spring (in winter it happens very rarely). Spring and autumn laying lasts about 2 months. To stimulate the process and make sure that the birds are carried as fertile as possible, you can add special fortified supplements to food and create normal conditions for keeping. At the same time, it is worth considering that the listed measures can not always justify the result, because not so many eggs are contained in one clutch.
How many eggs in one laying
Indoout live long, they can be called long-livers among domestic birds. If we take the average value, then they can live to 20 years, however, the egg from them can be taken only in the first 6-7 years. With regard to performance indicators, then its maximum indoutine shows in the second year of active egg yoke. In the future, the indicators will fall every year by an average of 7-10%. Thus, if the indoutink does not meet the expectations of the number of eggs in the clutch and does not rush as well as the owner expects, you should not put a cross on it and discard it, perhaps it has not reached the age at which it will lay the right number of eggs.
Naturally, for fertilizing the eggs of the Indoor in the farm, the males should be kept. They begin to wind up in parallel with the females. Usually their density should be correlated as follows: one male per 4-5 indoutok.
How many eggs does the indo outcast per year? The number of eggs, how many eggs a single one day carries for a calendar year is from 80 to 140. Many farmers claim that you can make a fairly profitable business with this.
Do I need an incubator for eggs
One egg of indouin weighs about 70 g, in appearance, it significantly exceeds the chicken. Both products are similar in color, since both are colored white. However, in the product supplied by birds, you can often see bluish inclusions. The oval-shaped egg is a little blunt at one end.
Since the females of this poultry are good chicks, the percentage of eggs hatched is quite high. On average, they say about 10-15 hatched chicks. Therefore, it is possible to begin to breed eggs not only in the conditions of an incubator, but also in a natural way: use a hen and a nest. This will significantly reduce material costs and save space.
Speaking about the relative of the duck, it is impossible to say how long the brooding of the offspring will last, since it depends on many factors. On average, it lasts about 30-40 days, just so you need to leave the mother with the chicks.
We equip poultry house for indoutki
Despite the fact that the outflow is considered an unpretentious bird, you need to take care of decent conditions in the house. If you provide peace and quiet, the poultry will be able to bring more eggs. It is necessary to take into account the fact that in the immediate vicinity of the nests of poultry it is impossible to locate the nests of other birds. The fact is that indootsie can throw incubation.
The most important thing is that it is warm in the place of hatching eggs. The simplest thing to do is to place the hen into a box of cardboard. At the bottom of the need to put a litter of hay to the eggs were warm.
Also important is the issue of nutrition. A well-fed hen will be able to better brood broods. For nutritional feed mix with the addition of corn or grain is ideal. In the house should always be constant daily access to clean drinking water. The tank should be so deep that the bird can swim there. In the same water, you can wash freshly laid eggs in order to wash off a specific film from them. It is necessary to create such conditions that there is no noise and dust near the poultry housing.
Why does not the egg incubate
Even if a bird carried eggs, a situation may arise in which it refuses to hatch. Why it happens? Many factors can affect this:
- Taking eggs too quickly from the hen is not recommended.
- In place of masonry fell parasites.
- Perhaps there were rats in the house.
- Too young or, conversely, mature bird.
- There are no normal conditions of detention.
Naturally, to correct every lack of maintenance at home, the problem will be fixed in the shortest possible time. You can also try to fool the bird. To do this, you need to lay eggs in the place where the indooot usually rests, she will certainly sooner or later sit on the nest.
It should be said that the duck can throw eggs for some time without viewing, that is, stop hatching them and go for a walk. This is normal, because short-term cooling of eggs is a variant of the norm. It is important that the walk does not last longer than 1 hour, after which the female should sit back on the roost.
Features of hatching eggs
The normal number of eggs that this bird is able to sit? - no more than 20 pieces. If, for one reason or another, there is a greater amount in the clutch, it is worth picking up the extra ones, although a slight upward or downward movement is allowed, depending on the size of the eggs.
It also happens that the feathery laid eggs not all at once. Then you need to mark those that appeared first, in order to first wean them from the layer. It is necessary to dispose of those eggs that have a defect in time. This may be a crack, an abnormal color, or contamination by droppings. If the described bird does not cease to hatch, it is likely that a defective egg will decompose and put all offspring to death. It makes no sense to wait for the outcome without intervention.
The temperature of egg storage in the incubator, if you choose this method of egg storage, should be about 10 ° C, but you can store them in such conditions for no more than 10 days. It is necessary to handle masonry as carefully as possible so as not to damage them and then subject to further incubation if necessary.
To understand that the time of incubation comes to an end, you can on the characteristic cry, which makes the female before hatching chicks. This usually happens on the 25th day. At this time it is necessary to ensure maximum peace for the bird. After 3-5 days, you can check whether the chicks hatched from the eggs. If this is not done on time, then there is a chance that the female can peck at her own young. In no case can you pierce the shell yourself.
When ducks begin to trot for the first time
Reaching puberty comes at the age of 6 or 7 months, but the values may decrease or increase depending on the conditions in which the ducks are kept. Indoout prefer more warm terrain, because it is in them that they reach puberty before and start to lay eggs before. If the birds are kept in a cool room, the period of obtaining eggs may linger for a month or more. One duck needs four ducks, no more. For a good laying it is better to choose a drake 1-2 months older.
The bird has two laying periods - the beginning of spring and autumn. Young ducks, especially those that rush for the first time, start the season a little later. One laying period is two months. An interesting feature - these ducks in the conditions of domestic content rush from the morning, starting from 6-7 hours, and until lunchtime.
In order for the ducks to start laying eggs faster, you can add different special feeds to the diet and increase the coverage. But some farmers are against it, since the returns will be small.
A month later, the number of eggs increases dramatically. The size of the masonry from this time grows from 15 to 20 pieces in one period. Sometimes it happens that all the testicles simply do not fit under the duck, so they are recommended to be placed under the young ducks of six months old, as indicated above, or placed in an incubator.
11-12 months and ducks over the year
Period of recession. The size of the masonry does not exceed 15 pieces. In ducks older than a year, it rapidly decreases. Therefore, hens are already used and held no longer for incubation, but for meat. One duck hatches eggs for about a month. The term ranges from 28 to 35 days. These indicators, like age, it is desirable to take into account when breeding. For offspring, it is better to choose those clutches that are created during warmer spring periods with mostly young hens. The laying at this time and in the summer will be the biggest, and the ducklings will get the best conditions for life.
Why ducks do not rush: the main reasons
There are several reasons why ducks do not wish to hatch or hatch eggs. Much depends on the conditions in which the birds are kept. Natural processes and diseases can also affect masonry.
After each laying ducks begin to change the plumage - this is a normal physiological process, which ends in two months. But for some reason it may be delayed, since the duration of the molting is individual. And it is only natural that the bird refuses to run until this period ends. Renewal of reproductive functions depends on how the duck feeds, and in what conditions it lives (including the air temperature and the room illumination).
Layers must be given vegetable feed with vitamin and mineral components. Especially in the winter and autumn periods, since at this time the deficit of active elements in the body is exacerbated. If you maintain good nutritional conditions, egg production will be high, duck meat will be tasty and there will be no problems with digestion. But if there is one of these problems - you should pay attention to what the bird eats.
If the ducks do not want to carry eggs, make sure that they receive enough vitamins. Especially important for life are:
- vitamin A. Affects the intestinal system, respiratory tract and eyes. Contained in milk, fish oil and yolk, carrots and herbal flour. It is advisable to include in the diet of any of these products,
- vitamin d, which serves as the prevention of various diseases. Yeast or fish oil should be given,
- vitamin E. It is the most important because it affects the work of the reproductive system and activates the work of the intestine, removing all that is unnecessary from the body. Contained in green peas, tomatoes, carrots and spinach. You can also include in the diet and clover, alfalfa, nettle or any flour from these herbs.
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One of the main reasons why a bird refuses to nest or hatch eggs is the inappropriate nest or location. Indeootki different calm and good disposition, so appreciate silence. Hackers prefer secluded and quiet places without unauthorized viewers. For birds, it is important to have only their own territory. When placing the nest is important to consider these points.
In addition, the duck can refuse to rush or to hatch, if the pests are wound up in the litter. They will just annoy her. It is necessary to periodically take the birds out of the nest and carefully clean it. If the matter is completely bad - to change the litter or filling the nest, in this case any materials will do, since the indo-rounds are undemanding to the filler.
The lack of ducks in the nest can also be associated with age. Juveniles do not have an interest in the eggs, so they may refuse to hatch them. If there are not enough eggs, this can also be the reason for the lack of a desire to incubate. And very often the birds can be outraged at the sight of how the owner selects their eggs.
Indoout is a wonderful breed of birds. Their productive indicators are high, and the meat is tasty and healthy, for which they are valued in the economy. And they are wonderful hens and very calm birds. Caring for them is quite easy, and with all the appropriate conditions you can get not only a large number of eggs, but also a good increase in the flock.
Meet with indoout
Sometimes it is mistakenly thought that a chicken is a hybrid of a Chinese duck with a turkey. In turkey and musk duck only the general history of the origin of the name. Indian duck or otherwise, musk migrant from South America and is also a descendant of the mallard, although it has retained its progenitor in the wild. It differs from the Chinese only in the history of schooling and descent. Until the XVI century, she did not meet with her relative and has a number of differences.
In general, it is a larger breed with a dark color of feathers; it has characteristic warty growths on its head. Males are much larger than females. The female has a very strong instinct for hatching eggs, but a poor teacher. It is not very important for her to sit on which eggs, as long as there are 15-20 of them in the nest. What do farmers often use, turning the bottom in live incubator.
Recently, a hybrid obtained by crossing a male musk duck and a Peking female begins to enjoy popularity. The resulting mulard has a high rate of weight gain and heavier than its parents. Unfortunately, like all hybrids, the mulard has no offspring that consistently retain all the advantages of parents. Unlike pure lines of indo-outs.
Naturally, for the proper selection and management of the population, it is important to know at what age Indoot begin to lay eggs. Usually a fertilized egg can be obtained no earlier than 6–7 months. Naturally, these terms are conditional. Like any living organism, a duck reacts to the form of feeding and feeding. It is important for a musk duck to be warm.. If the temperature is below comfortable, the delay can be up to a month or even more.
As a young home breed Indoout still much preserved from the wild ancestor. Usually, an experienced individual begins to rush in the spring - at the end of February and the beginning of March, and lasts about two months. A younger bird is waiting to be warmer. After the autumn molt comes the second wave of egg production. Of course, due to the additional lighting and enhanced feed, you can increase the time when indouput rushing, but economically it may be uninteresting.
Important. It is better to go after the egg from 6 o'clock in the morning when indooot begin to be carried. In the evening, it is not worth waiting for. In order to get a high-quality egg, when forming a flock, it is necessary to observe proportions - up to four ducks for one drake.
Gallery: Indoout (25 photos)
A few words about a duck egg
The egg-yields of this bird are quite high and even slightly inferior to chicken standards. The index of 100–150 eggs per year is quite accessible for any farm with good flocks and high-quality feed. If to consider breed simplicity and tasty meat, the economy in favor of its breeding.
The egg as a whole is larger than the chicken, but smaller than the goose. The color is usually white, but is found with a bluish tinge. The egg is like a chicken, only oblong. The taste is a little different from the last. Among the most characteristic are:
- Larger yolk.
- More resilient.
- Fatter. Dietitians do not like it, but for cooks, on the contrary, it is very suitable.
- The specific smell and taste of some repels. But attracts others.
- It is popular with cosmetologists in the preparation of hair conditioner.
A large percentage of eggs go to restore the population. The incubator is almost never used. Это очень хорошая мать и при естественном высиживании получается большой процент выхода утят. За один выводок подкладывают, как правило, 15–20 яиц. Когда начинает нестись утка, при определённой сноровке, за сезон можно самку сажать на гнездо два раза. Срок высиживания, конечно, не такой определённый, как в инкубаторе и меняется в период 29–35 суток.
How to prepare a nest for indootki
Well prepared nest allows you to get quality brood. It is important to ensure the peace and comfort of the bird, no drafts and a cool climate are allowed. The bottom is lined with soft hay. But it is important that the duck gets used to it in advance and equip it to your liking. As a rule, it additionally makes downy litter. You can not put several nests nearby. It is worthwhile for the future mother to see the neighbor's brood, and she can throw her nest and start caring for the chicks of the neighbor. During the incubation of eggs, the bird loves loneliness. Even during walking it is important for her to provide a separate area.
Feed is drywell if there is a combination. Be sure to put next to the nest pure water. Buying itself, washes eggs, which provides them with the best gas exchange. You can help her with a lack of moisture to spray the eggs with clean water.
Extraneous noise can cause the bird to leave the nest and not to return. It is worth bearing in mind.
With sufficiently simple conditions, it is easy to achieve the appearance of strong chicks and replenish your flock or wallet.
If the female does not want to engage in the nest, you need to understand what's the matter:
- No matter how many years ducks live, by 4–5, the maternity instinct begins to weaken and the individual may lose interest in incubating chicks.
- A duck that sits on an egg for the first time may also not understand what to do.
- A beast may appear in the house that scares the bird. Rats can be especially insidious.
- In the nest, parasites can get divorced and the bird just becomes uncomfortable.
- The nest is located in the wrong place - noise, bright light and much more repels the bird from it.
- In the selection of eggs, we are too carried away, and the bird can not decide when to sit.
In principle, except for age, all problems can be eliminated or at the expense of preventive measures to avoid.
Creating conditions for hatching eggs
The incubation instinct is our natural ally in breeding birds. But sometimes it bothers us. Even if we created the perfect environment:
- Excluded the penetration of foreign animals.
- Get rid of insects parasites.
- Set the nest in the perfect place.
- Do not touch the eggs.
You can still not get the desired result. Life in the house is different from the natural conditions, and in order to get a quality hen with a bird you have to work. The duck must understand that the nest is prepared for her.. Sometimes a false egg helps. In due time the put plastic model, can provoke a duck to rush where to us it is necessary.
Next you need to monitor the number of eggs. The bird will sit down when it deems that there are enough eggs for brood in the nest. Usually it is 15–20 eggs. It carries much less per day — sometimes 2–3 eggs. So that the first batch does not spoil, it should be withdrawn and placed in a refrigerator with a temperature of 8–10 o C. At the same time, troubleshooting takes place - non-fertilized eggs or with damaged shells are removed. At the right moment, eggs are placed in the nest. The time when you need to enclose and the main number of eggs determined experimentally for each bird. It already depends on the experience of the poultry farmer.
Important. In the refrigerator eggs should be stored. no more than 10 days. Before returning to the nest, they should take the ambient temperature. It is not necessary to put the duck exactly the eggs that she laid.
It should be remembered eggs are collected and enclosed back when the birds are walking. All work is carried out as accurately as possible. It is even desirable to observe the order of eggs in the nest.
After the duck has sat down on a nest, it is possible not to worry any more. The main thing is to support the created conditions. Watch the time she spends on the festivities. If it seems too much, check the temperature in the house. In the later stages they need cooling. Sometimes you need to lower the temperature a little. It is considered normal if the mother walks no more than 1.5.
The final stage
In recent days, you need to pay special attention to the nest.. From about the 25th day the peace of the bird is preserved. It is important for hatched chicks to be removed from the nest in time. It is possible that the hen will accidentally crush them or, having begun to actively care for them, forget about the remaining eggs. To keep the chicks separate from the duck, a brooder is made that supports the necessary microclimate. After the appearance of the last chick, the whole brood can be returned to the mother. Empty cares for them.
If you comply with all the conditions, you will get a healthy, numerous offspring of homemade juveniles and you can prepare for the new season. For a period of how many ducks live a good flock turns out, the maintenance of which becomes cost-effective.