Among the products of beekeeping, known for its healing properties, royal jelly (in more detail about it here) stands out, which is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes in almost all diseases. This unique product strengthens the immune system, has a beneficial effect on the functioning of all body systems, and also improves skin condition.
The bee milk consistency is similar to sour cream. It has a white-cream or light yellow color, pearly luster, sour taste and delicate aroma. Worker bees make it on the basis of perga, adding to it the special secret of their glands.
They feed only milk on the uterus, called the queens of the hive, thanks to which, and also because of the high cost, it received another name - “royal jelly”.
Despite the great benefits of royal jelly, it is not particularly popular, due to the difficulties of extraction, storage and transportation. The shelf life depends on the concentration of the product, the temperature and the packaging used.
In the open air, natural pcheloproduk quickly turns yellow and loses its unique properties. After 1-2 hours, it loses its biological activity and becomes unsuitable for therapeutic use.
In frozen form, "royal jelly" retains its properties for much longer:
- at -1⁰С - 2 months,
- at -5⁰С - 6 months,
- at -10⁰С - 9-10 months,
- at -18⁰-20⁰С - a year and a half.
Duration of shelf life in mothballed form:
- with honey - up to a year (at temperatures from -6⁰С to + 15⁰С),
- with alcohol - at 3-6⁰С up to a year, in the freezer - up to two years,
- in adsorbed form - at 6⁰С up to a year, and at a temperature below zero - a year and a half,
- in a lyophilized form - close to two years at 18–20 ° C.
How to store royal jelly at home
In its natural form, the “royal” product can only be stored in the freezer. To extend the shelf life, it is combined with other ingredients that have preservative properties. If you preserve royal jelly in this way, storage is also possible in the refrigerator.
Scientists are constantly trying to optimize known methods of storage, but so far their attempts have not been successful, and they have not managed to find the “ideal” method.
It is necessary to store the natural product at sub-zero temperatures, optimally - at 20 degrees below zero. In canned form (depending on the preservative), storage is possible at positive temperatures.
But after collecting it must be shifted to another container. The best choice would be a glass container. Preference is preferably given to inorganic tinted glass.
Organics, as well as plastic, provoke an alkaline reaction, which negatively affects the state of the product.
Dishes must be sterile and hermetically sealed.
To transport it, you can put the jar in a cooler bag or use a syringe dispenser. It guarantees complete tightness and allows you to accurately measure the desired volume.
Store natural bee milk only in the freezer, canned - in the refrigerator or in the basement, and the dehydrated product can be kept in the room. But, in any case, storage space should be dark, as the sun's rays have a detrimental effect on bee products, destroying their useful substances.
Conservation with honey
Usually in order to preserve royal jelly mixed with honey in the ratio of 1: 300. In appearance, the resulting product differs from honey only in color. It takes on a pale yellow or cream color.
Honey for preservation should be fresh. If it began to crystallize, then the milk will not be able to interfere evenly in it.
Honey is a natural preservative. It not only ensures the complete safety of all nutrients, but also enhances their action due to its composition. In addition, this product eliminates the possibility of an overdose of milk.
Milk canned in a similar way is stored in the same way as ordinary honey (more on this topic in this article).
Preservation in alcohol emulsion
The properties of milk in alcohol suspension are perfectly preserved. But it can be taken only by adults. Children and pregnant women like this drug is contraindicated. For the preparation of alcohol emulsion in 10 milliliters of alcohol, add 1 gram of "royal jelly".
For prolonged storage at home, “royal jelly” is adsorbed using lactose or a mixture of lactose (98%) and glucose (2%). Milk is carefully ground with the adsorbent in the ratio of 1: 4, placed in a porcelain mortar. The finished product ceases to stick to the walls of the container, acquires density, milky color and luster.
Then the mixture is stamped in a darkened container and sealed or form from it granules. Bee milk granules fully retains its natural base and all the useful qualities. Adsorbed jelly can be prepared by yourself or purchased at the pharmacy kiosk.
The best way (of the currently known) storage of bee milk is to lyophilize (dehydrate). The product is frozen, leaving for 3 hours at 40 degrees of frost. Then it is sublimated by vacuum for two days.
You can get the lyophilized product in another way. In this case, the milk is mixed with water and dried using a special apparatus. After lyophilization, the milk turns into white or cream-colored powder, and its moisture content drops to 2%.
Are there any contraindications?
Like other bee products, apilac can cause acute allergic reactions. People who are allergic to honey or bee stings should abandon the product or use it with extreme caution. Royal jelly can aggravate the symptoms of Addison's disease, chronic liver disease and pancreas, gastritis with high acidity.
Overdose of any form of apilak causes side effects in the form of diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness, skin rashes and cough. Daily requirements must be strictly determined according to the instructions for the drugs.