Agat-25K is a biological preparation for protecting plants from diseases and increasing yields. Increases seed germination, enhances the development of the root system. It is intended for garden crops, but it is successfully used for indoor plants as a prophylactic and light fertilizer. The active ingredient is inactivated bacteria Pseudomonas aureofaciens, biologically active substances of plant and microbial origin, macro-and microelements. Available in the form of fluid paste in bottles of 10g. 1 scoop of the drug is diluted in 3 liters of water until completely dissolved, then the plants are sprayed three to four times with an interval of 20 days.
Alirin-B - a biological drug against diseases of indoor and garden plants. Contains bacteria Bacillus subtilis. Effective against powdery mildew, downy mildew (mildew), gray and white rot, late blight, anthracnose, septoria, alternariosis, cladosporia, root and stem rot, rust fungi. The consumption rate of the drug: 2 tablets per 10 liters of water for watering plants, and 2 tablets per 1 liter of water for spraying. Re-treatment after 5-7 days, up to 3 treatments in total.
Baktofit - a biological drug to protect plants from diseases, helps protect plants from powdery mildew: especially carnations, roses, delphinium, fruit and berry bushes - gooseberries and currants, when it is not possible to use chemicals. The drug is especially effective in cool weather during the period of regular precipitation, but spraying and watering should be done a day before the rain, at most, 6 hours before the rain, and repeated after 4-5 days. The drug can be used for preplant treatment of cuttings, seeds and tuber storage.
Baktofit - instructions for use, reviews, consumption rates.
Bordeaux liquid - one of the most powerful tools in the fight against fungal or bacterial diseases. For the preparation of Bordeaux liquid, it is recommended to use quicklime in the form of lumps or fluff. For the preparation of a 3 percent solution of Bordeaux liquid, 300 grams of quicklime will be required (lime is pre-quenched with water) and the same amount of copper sulfate per 10 liters of solution. Copper sulfate and lime are each dissolved in 2-3 liters of hot water in a separate non-iron pot, then the volume of each solution is adjusted to 5 liters using very cold water. Lime solution is filtered through a double gauze, and then the solution of copper sulfate is poured with a stream with constant stirring into a lime solution.
The mixture should have a beautiful bright blue color and not contain an excess of copper. Copper acts as a poison in this preparation, and lime is introduced as an acid neutralizer. If you add less lime than you need, you can burn the plant. To determine the acidity of the liquid, an iron nail is dipped into it. In the case of an acid reaction, after 3-4 minutes the iron surface is covered with a red coating of copper. With a neutral and alkaline reaction, red bloom is not formed. The reaction of Bordeaux liquids can also be set to the litmus test. When acidic, the blue litmus paper turns red, and when alkaline, the red paper turns blue.
The solution should be used on the day of preparation. During the day, you can save it by adding sugar (5-10 g per 10 l).
The given proportions of substances are high - a very strong solution is obtained, this is how it is used on severely affected plants. Usually, for indoor plants, the following proportions are recommended: 100 g of copper and lime per 10 liters of water. All the details and warnings read: Bordeaux Liquid - instructions for use
Bona Forte Bona Forte fungicide - from fungal diseases for all houseplants. Effective against pathogens of powdery mildew, rust and other fungal diseases. Drug description
Bravo is a contact fungicide with a broad spectrum of action with pronounced protective properties, it is effective in prophylactic use against many fungal diseases of potatoes, wheat, and vegetable crops. Active ingredient: chlorothalonil, 500 g / l. Highly effective against late blight and perinospora (downy mildew). Effective in a wide range of temperatures. Duration of protective action is 10-14 days. The drug is compatible in mixtures with most fungicides and insecticides and could be used for indoor plants if it were not for packaging — it is sold in 5-liter cans. Consumption rate - 0.6 l / ha, apply 2-3 sprays with an interval of up to 10 days. Hazard Class II.
Vitaros is a preparation for dressing the bulbs and seeds from diseases (rot). Contains a water-suspension concentrate 98g / l of thiram and 198g / l of carboxine. Available in 2 ml ampoules and 10, 50, and 100 ml bottles. Effective against gelmintosporioz, fusarium, penicillosis, rhizoctoniosis and other diseases. The consumption rate of the drug is 2 ml per 1 l of water. Soaking the bulbs and seeds - 2 hours. Working fluid consumption - 1 l per 1 kg of planting material.
Vectra - fungicide. Contains bromuconazole. Used against powdery mildew, septoria, gray rot. Diluted with 0.2 - 0.3 ml of the drug per 1 liter of water. The effect of the drug lasts for about two weeks.
Gamair - a biological drug against diseases of indoor and garden plants. Contains bacteria Bacillus subtilis. Effective against bacterial leaf spots, late blight, powdery mildew, downy mildew, gray rot, white rot, keels, fusarium. Consumption of the drug - 1 tablet per 5 liters of water, with watering, and 2 tablets per 1 liter of water during spraying. Treatment is repeated every 7 days, three times.
Glyocladin - a biological drug against root rot. Protection of indoor and garden flowers, vegetables at the time of transplanting, sowing seeds, picks. Ease of use: Put 1-4 tablets in a pot with seedlings or a bowl of crops. Waiting period is about 7 days. The protective effect of 1-1.5 months while maintaining the conditions necessary for the development of the antagonist fungus. The greatest effectiveness of Glyocladin against Fusarium, Verticillus, Phytophthora.
Discor is a fungicide against many diseases of indoor flowers and garden plants. It contains difenoconazole. Available for home use in ampoules and vials, has a faint odor. The disc is not phytotoxic, if you do not exceed the dosage - the maximum allowable concentration of 5 ml per 10 liters of water. It helps in the treatment of powdery mildew, gray mold, fungal and bacterial spots, root rot, rotting of the stem base, according to some sources, the discor increases the germination capacity of seeds during dressing.
Detailed instructions on the fungicide, consumption rates - see the preparation Discor.
Kvadris SK is a systemic fungicide from the group of strobilurins for the protection of vegetable crops of open and protected soil (tomatoes, cucumbers), as well as grapevine and major diseases such as real and downy mildew, late blight, mildew oidium, anthracnose, alternaria, brown spot. Active ingredient: Azoxystrobin 250 g / l. Fungicide has a preventive and therapeutic effect. It is used on indoor plants, but with extreme caution - II class of danger! Available in 6 ml pack (foil bag), 1 l vial. The duration of the protective action is 12-14 days. The waiting time of the result after processing is 5 days. Consumption rate: for treatment, dilute 6 ml package in 5 l of water (preventive treatment - 6 ml / 10 l of water), this amount is sufficient for processing 1 hundred green mass. For use on indoor plants, you can use a medical syringe - type 0.6 ml and dilute with 0.5 liters of warm water for spraying.
Maxim is a systemic fungicide for protecting plants from diseases and disinfecting the soil. Especially effective against fusarium, gray mold, root rot, verticillium wilt, mold, etc. Available in 2 ml ampoules. To prepare the working solution, 1 ampoule (2 ml) is diluted with 1-2 liters of water. Under the plant 50-100ml prepared solution. Spray the soil evenly or spray it. This drug is moderately dangerous to humans and animals (III class of danger). Not phytotoxic. The working solution loses its properties after 24 hours.
Copper sulfate is a fungicide and antiseptic for home use, garden, vegetable garden. It is used to treat fungal and bacterial infections on indoor and garden plants in various concentrations - see instructions and consumption rates.
Mikosan - a biological product against diseases of indoor and garden plants. The action is based on increasing the resistance of plants to pathogens fungi. Or rather, the stimulation of the production of lectins in plant tissues is substances that disrupt the growth of fungi and bacteria. So the drug does not kill the causative agent of diseases, but allows the plant to most effectively deal with them. The drug should be used in the initial stage, with the appearance of several suspicious spots on the leaves, but if the plant is severely affected, the wilting and massive leaf weaving has begun, mikosan will not help. The consumption rate of the drug is 100 ml per 2 liters of water.
Oxyhom - contains copper oxychloride and oxadixyl. Contact-systemic fungicide for the prevention and control of diseases of garden and indoor plants. Effective against late blight, macrosporia, black bacterial spot, septoria, powdery mildew and downy mildew. The drug is not phytotoxic. Available in powder form in 4 g sachets. Dilute 1 packet (4 g) to 2 liters of water. Plants are sprayed as needed up to three times with an interval of 10-14 days. The drug is moderately dangerous to humans and animals (III hazard class).
Ordan - a drug against diseases of fruit crops. Contains 689 g / kg of copper oxychloride and 42 g / kg of cymoxanil, in the form of a wetting powder. Available in 25g sachets. Effective against late blight, Alternaria, perinosporosis, powdery mildew. Spray twice with an interval of 7-14 days, at the rate of 25 g per 5 l of water (from peronosporoz at the rate of 25 g per 10 l of water).
Previkur Energy - a systemic fungicide of a new generation, does not cause resistance in fungal phytopathogens. Treatment of root and stem rot, phytophtoras, downy mildew on roses and other flowers. Excellent stimulator of root formation in seedlings of vegetables and other crops. Attention: some plants may cause burns to the leaf tissue when spraying, read the instructions.
Raek is a preparation for powdery mildew, emulsion concentrate 250 g / l difenoconazole, is available in 2 ml ampoules and 10, 50, and 100 ml bottles. Protective action occurs within 2 hours. The working solution is prepared at the rate of 1.5-2 ml per 10 l of water. Spraying is performed twice with an interval of 10-15 days.
Sulfur colloid - its preparations belong to insectofungicides. It is used in the form of an aqueous solution in the fight against powdery mildew, anthracnose, ascochytosis, as well as mites. 50-100g of sulfur diluted in 10l of water, you can
Skor - systemic fungicide from the class of triazoles. Contains difenoconazole, an analogue of the fungicides Discor and Chistotsvet. Used against powdery mildew, scab, oidium on grapes and other diseases. Diluted in the amount of 2-5 ml of the drug per 10 liters of water. The effect of the drug lasts for about one to two weeks. It does not help if there are spores of mushrooms! The multiplicity of treatments - 4. The drug is of low toxicity to humans and animals, non-toxic to birds.
Storby - fungicide. Contains kresoxim-methyl. Used against powdery mildew, peronosporoza, rust. Dilute 0.4 ml of the drug to 1 liter of water. The drug causes the emergence of resistance, so it is not recommended to use two seasons in a row.
Topaz is a systemic fungicide. Contains penconazole. It is used against powdery mildew and rust, as well as gray rot and fruit rot. Dilute 2 ml of the preparation for 10 liter of water (for powdery mildew) and 4 ml of the preparation for 10 liter of water against rust fungi. Topaz gives the best results of prophylactic use at the beginning of the growing season to suppress the primary infection, as well as to prevent the spread of the disease or at the first signs of the disease. Treatment interval: 7–14 days. The effect of the drug begins 2-3 hours after treatment. Hazard Class III. Read more about Topaz fungicide.
Trichodermin is a biological agent for protecting plants against fungal and bacterial diseases. Trichodermin consists of a soil fungus Trichoderma lignorum (at least 2 billion spores per year) and crushed grain substrate. Trichodermin is capable of suppressing more than 60 types of soil pathogens causing such diseases as root and fruit rot, seed infections, macrosporosis, fusarium, rhizoctoniosis, late blight, etc. Trichodermin improves soil fertility, stimulates plant root nutrition, improves seed germination. The drug is available in powder form in packs of 10 g. Apply the drug Trichodermine in the form of an aqueous solution. To soak the seeds, a suspension of 10 g of trichodermine is prepared per 1 liter of water, in which seeds are kept. For watering plants, Trichodermin is also diluted with 10 g / l, watered at the root, but not more than with ordinary watering. For spraying, dilute 10 g per 5 liters of water. You can make a drug for prevention when transplanting plants - at the tip of a knife on a pot about 25 cm in diameter. You can add tyrhodermin to water for rooting cuttings, especially those that are rooted in decay, such as saintpaulia. The prepared aqueous solution of trichodermine can be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 5 ° C for no more than 1 month, but allow the solution to warm to room temperature before use.
Trichophyte is a biofungicide to protect plants from a number of diseases, especially gray rot and root rot. Available in suspension in dark plastic bottles. To prepare a working solution, dissolve 25 g of the drug in 1 liter of water. Do not use too warm water. Pour the soil with the prepared solution and / or evenly spray the leaves. The drug is of low toxicity to humans (hazard class IV) and is recommended for use not only in the garden, but also at home.
Fundazol is a systemic fungicide to protect plants from diseases (leaf spot, powdery mildew, etc.). Available in packs of 10g. To prepare the working solution 1 sachet diluted with 10 liters of water. Spray the leaves evenly. This drug is highly toxic to humans and animals (hazard class II).
Opinions about Fundazol are very contradictory, its official status often changes. Some flower growers and collectors consider it to be the only effective against many fungal and bacterial infections, others very scientifically prove the inexpediency of its use. At the moment, the active substance benomyl is included in the list of pesticides allowed for use in the territory of the Russian Federation. However, iplsnts.ru does not recommend using basezol as the drug of choice immediately after detection of the disease - there are more effective and less harmful to humans and animals.
Detailed instructions and full information on fungicide - in the article Fundazol
Fitolavin - biofungicide and groups of antibiotics, intestinal and systemic action. It is effective against a variety of diseases caused mainly by putrefactive bacteria: from black leg seedlings or cuttings to bacterial burn, blotchiness, top rotting fruit. The drug is often used on cucumbers and tomatoes in open ground and greenhouses. It is also effective for the treatment of orchids bought in markdown or delivered by mail from Asia. However, the drug has its own characteristics, read more about it here - Fitolavin.
Hom - a drug to combat diseases of vegetables, fruits and ornamental crops. Active ingredient copper oxychloride. Effective against late blight, macrosporosis, cercosporosis, pernoporosis, anthracoase, bacteriosis, rust, bacterial spot, curly, downy mildew (mildew). Consumption rate - 40g per 10 liters of water. The number of repeated treatments - for room 2-3, for garden crops to 5. Toxicity class III.
Safety when working with fungicides
During processing with fungicides, one should not use food tableware, smoke, drink and eat food. The treatment is carried out in the absence of children, animals, and if there is an aquarium nearby, then it is tightly closed and opened only when the treated plants dry. In case of mass disease, it is possible to treat all contacting surfaces (window glass, frames, window sills, tiles, etc.) if possible.
For those who suffer from allergies or skin eczema, treatment is best done with gloves and a gauze bandage. Be sure to check the hazard class of the drug used. After the end of the work, hands, face and all used equipment should also be washed with soap and water. It is necessary to store fungicides in a dry place, out of the reach of children and animals, to protect from fire.
If the fungicide is inadvertently ingested into a human body, drink several glasses of water, induce vomiting and immediately consult a doctor.
The most commonly used fungicides
Strobe - contact systemic fungicide, organic origin. Available in the form of water-soluble granules. Used to treat many diseases during the growing season of plants.This drug is used on tomatoes from late blight, cucumbers (from powdery mildew and peronosporoza), roses and chrysanthemums (from powdery mildew and rust), apples and pears (from scab, fruit rot, leaf spot, alternariosis and black fungus), grapes (from oidium). Caught on the plant, Strobe does not wash off for a long time, it is resistant to temperature changes. Hazard Class 3. Produced by BASF, Germany.
Prestige - it is issued in the form of fluid paste. It is a combined drug to combat insects and bacteria, contact and systemic effects. Prestige process tubers and bulbs before planting. During the whole summer period it protects the planting from scab and rhizoctoniosis. Hazard Class 3. Produced by Bayer CropSaens, Germany.
Chorus - non-phytotoxic, systemic drug. Found use in the protection against diseases of such crops as apples, pears, cherries, cherries, plums, grapes. Effectively fights with pathogens of scab, moniliosis, oidium, mildew, gray rot, bacterial burn. Created by the Swiss company Syngenta.
DNOC - loose powder of wide application. As an insecticide, it destroys overwintering pests — the shield, the aphids, the worms, the hedgehog; and, as a fungicide, it protects apples and pears from scab, spotting, moniliosis, and stone trees from blistering, cocomycosis, curly stones, moniliosis, and is used on grapes, currants and gooseberries. It is applied before bud break or after leaf fall.
Tiovit jet - the fungicide fighting against a set of fungal infections possesses acaricidal action. Keeps protective properties for almost 10 days. Hazard Class 3. Produced by August.
FITOSPORIN M - a universal preparation for the prevention and treatment of a large number of fungal and bacterial diseases, such as scab, phytophthora, root rot, black leg, powdery mildew, and rust. In the solution of the drug, the seeds are disinfected before planting, the vegetative plants are sprayed with the diluted drug, and the patients are watered under the root. The advantages of funds include environmental friendliness - does not have a harmful effect on bees and beneficial insects, after processing plantings with Fitosporin, the crop can be harvested immediately, very economical - 200 liters of working solution is prepared from 100 gram packing of pasta, which is enough to process three hundred hectares of vegetable garden during the season . Created and produced by the Russian company LLC NVP "BashInkom."
The fungicides Topaz, Skor, Kvadris, Maxim are recognized as equally well-known and high-quality drugs to combat fungal and bacterial diseases.
The most common fungicides in indoor floricultureIn the arsenal of each experienced grower and gardener there are fungicidal preparations in the form of an emulsion, powder or suspension. In the fight against fungal diseases of plants, they are simply irreplaceable. On sale you can find similar agrochemistry of different types of exposure. Consider the most popular fungicides for indoor plants and analyze each name in terms of the sensitivity of pathogenic fungi to it.
The drug is a organic fungicidebased on grain substrate and active soil bacteria Trichoderma lignorum, whose vital activity contributes to the suppression of fungal spores.
“Trichodermina” can cope with 70 types of pathogens of fungal diseases of plants. In particular, such as: seed infections, fusarium, macrosporosis, root rot, phytophthora, rhizoctoniosis.
The tool begins to act on contact with microorganisms, not poisoning the culture. It is distinguished by its ability to improve the fertility of the land, stimulate the nutrition of the roots, and increase the germination of the grains.
Externally, it is a light powder, which comes to be sold in packages of 10 g capacity. To disinfect indoor flowers for root lesions, the contents of the package are diluted in 1 liter of water and moistened with a suspension in a pot. And for the treatment of the aerial parts of the flowerpots, the entire preparation from the bag is dissolved in 5 liters of water. Also "Trichodermin" is recommended for prophylaxis when transplanting plants (a pinch is added to the substrate), when rooting the cuttings of Saintpaulia (slightly poured into water).
The remaining unused solution is better to put in a closed container in the cellar and store no more than 4 weeks. When re-using, wait until the product reaches room temperature.
It is a biological fungicide for plants in the garden and in a house containing bacteria called Bacillus subtilis. They affect the causative agents of fusarium, powdery mildew, gray and white rot, blight, leaf spot, keel, mildew (downy mildew).
Released "Gamar" in the form of tablets. For watering flowering and ornamental crops, 1 tablet must be dissolved in 5 liters of water, and 2 tablets and 1 l of water are needed for spraying. To achieve the desired result, disinfection is repeated throughout the week. three times a day.
This fungicide is in the list of the most powerful drugs against pathogenic microbes and fungi. It can be purchased in finished form, and you can cook yourself.
To do this, in separate non-metallic containers, you need to fill in with boiling water (not steep) 300 g of quicklime and copper sulphate. Then in each bowl, bring the composition to the desired volume (up to 5 liters) with cold water.
After filtering the mortar through the gauze folded in several layers, slowly add to it the contents of the second dish. The result should be a bright blue 3% mixture with active copper and acid neutralizing lime.
Be careful: non-observance of proportions will harm plants. For example, if you donate lime powder, the flowers after treatment with this remedy will get severe burns. The above ratio of components is intended for volumetric foci of infection. At the initial stages of the disease, it is recommended for vases to prepare Bordeaux liquid in a ratio of 100 g: 100 g: 10 l.
If the solution remains after treatment, it can be stored for 24 hours by adding a teaspoon of sugar (per 10 liters).
Pesticide for the treatment of horticultural, fruit and vegetable crops and root crops from root rot, scab, leaf spot, anthracnose, septoria, mildew, late blight, perenosprosis, cerciforose, rust, pyricularosis, keels. Acts on parasites contact and systemic. Available in the form of a white or yellowish 15% soaking powder with parallel names “DuPont Fungicide A”, “Aspor”, “Tiudou”, “Ditex”, “Novozir”, “Zineb”.
The fungicide is intended for spraying the aerial parts of plants and affects the pathogens for 2 weeks, does not suppress the reproduction of powdery fungal spores.
It interacts well with organochlorine and organophosphorus substances, but it should not be mixed with Bordeaux liquid.
A biological fungicide designed to combat parasitic fungi and bacteria. Its main constituents are microorganisms. Bacillus subtiliswhich resist well to causative agents of powdery mildew, late blight, stem and root rot, Alternaria, mildew, anthracnose, rot, septoria, cladosporia, rust.
It is released in the form of tablets. For processing of underground parts of plants, 2 tablets are placed in a bucket of water, and for spraying the stems and branches - 1 l of water and 2 tablets of "Alirina" are enough. For severe infections, it is recommended to repeat disinfection in a week. The maximum number of treatments - 3.
Is a biological product of anti-fungal and antibacterial action. After its use, there is an increase in yield on vegetable crops, an increase in seed germination and the development of a powerful rhizome.
For these qualities, gardeners fell in love with gardeners, but with success it is used as a preventive agent and as a fertilizer gardener.
The active substance "Agatha" are microorganisms. Pseudomonas aureofaciens. The drug goes on sale in 10-gram bottles with fluid paste. The working solution is prepared from the calculation of 3 liters of water per 1 scoop of fungicide. Processing of the pots obtained composition is made three times with a 20-day interval.
The tool is intended for the preventive treatment of indoor flowers from damage by pests and pathogens. It is used as one of the components of disinfection mixtures.
Fungicide has a depressant effect on spider mites and other sucking insects, as well as on pathogens of scab, rust, powdery mildew and late blight. For the prevention of conducting spraying 4% Green Soap Solution.
The drug is released in plastic bottles of different capacities. At the bottom of the container, let's say a small residue.
The maximum number of treatments - 3. If we are talking about disinfecting citrus crops, the treatment is planned a week before the fruits are collected. The solution is prepared depending on the attacking pathogen or pest. For example, a mixture of tobacco tincture and “Green Soap” is used for sucking insects in a ratio of 2 liters: 25 g, and during infections with harmful microorganisms they dissolve 2 g of copper sulphate in 1 liter of water and add a fungicide to the solution.
This fungicide from the list of pesticides for ornamental, technical, medicinal, fruit, vegetable, flower, and forest plants.
The active substance of the drug (copper oxychloride) acts on pathogenic fungi and microbes when in contact with them.
Available in the form of an aqueous suspension, poured into vials of 50 g and 12.5 l canisters. Experts celebrate high dispersion active ingredients, which contributes to a uniform distribution on the stems and leaves of indoor plants.
In addition, "Abiga-PIK" is effective as a prophylactic agent, has an effect regardless of temperature conditions. The working solution is prepared by diluting the preparation according to the proportions indicated in the instructions. Suspension residues can be saved for a long period.
On sale there is "Fitosporin-M". It is an organic fungicide used to combat diseases caused by the activity of fungal spores and bacteria.
It is released as a powder, liquid or paste of dark brown color. Among the weighty advantages of the substance is its efficiency, long shelf life and a wide range of actions. Processing can be carried out by foliar and root methods. In addition, it is recommended to use "Fitosporin" for soaking seed, rhizomes of seedlings during planting, protection of flower tubers and bulbs when laying in the cellar for the winter.
This biological product is also an antidote, fungicide and growth stimulant.
Agronomists recommend it for the restoration of plants after herbicidal stress, prolonged droughts, hailstorms, during various fungal lesions, with poor germination of grains and low yields. The drug does not have a toxic effect on vases and people. With the aim of preventive and therapeutic measures it is used for root rot, bacteriosis, leaf spot. The active substance "Albit" does not cause addiction in pathogens. Very effective to use for indoor plants.
"Albite" can be added when watering vases. To do this, 1-2 ml of the drug is diluted in 10 liters of water. Root processing is carried out in such a way that the tool falls on the foliage of the culture. To soak the seed need 5 ml of fungicide dissolved in 1 liter of water.
Among agrochemists, this drug is called potassium permanganate, or potassium permanganate. It is used in many spheres of human activity, and in plant growing it is referred to as fungicidal agents, which are used for moistening seedlings, seedlings and adult cultures during infections with fusarium, black leg and bacteriosis.
Also, the drug is recommended for soaking seeds and disinfecting garden tools.
Active ingredients of potassium permanganate — manganese and potassium. Getting to the roots, trunk and leaves, they contribute to the rapid growth of flowers and create a reserve of their strength, resistance to attacks of diseases and pests. To process the grains, it is enough to dip the material into a solution of 0.5 g of potassium permanganate and 100 ml of water for 20 minutes. After the procedure, the grain must be washed with clean water and dried.
To disinfect the soil from nematodes and various bacteria, fungi that provoke the appearance of black legs and phytophtoras, 5 g of potassium permanganate crystals in 10 liters of water should be diluted. And for feeding plants suitable solution of 3 g of the substance and 10 liters of water. To save foliage from powdery mildew, 3 g of potassium permanganate is dissolved in 1 bucket of water and 50 g of potassium nitrate is added to it. Prepared by means of spraying the aerial parts of crops.
Contact fungicide actions
When using these drugs, their penetration inside the plants is excluded. They cover the outer part of the plant, if there are reproductive and vegetative organs on the surface of the fungus, they are suppressed. All drugs act for a different period, which is determined by the duration of the solution on the surface of the plant. The best results can be achieved if processing at least 3-5 times at intervals of 10-12 days.
A feature of contact fungicides is the local nature of the impact. They are not used to treat affected plants, they are designed to suppress pathogens located on the surface or directly in plant tissues. Due to the fact that these fungicides are not able to spread to other parts of the plant, such treatment before the formation of the fruit prevents their penetration.
Systemic preparations act a little differently: as a result of processing, they penetrate into the internal organs of the plant, spread through the tissues, making changes in the physiological and biochemical processes occurring in the organs of plants. As time goes by, their decomposition inside plantsthat ends with the formation of metabolites. In this state, they begin to have a depressant effect on the harmful fungus.
It is believed that decomposition products, which are formed inside the plants, are more harmful than the drug itself. In order to avoid possible complications, it is best of all to carry out processing in vegetable gardens and in private farms with the help of chemical preparations of precisely contact action. At the same time, the deadline for their use is the period when one month will remain until harvest.
Types of fungicides and methods of their application
In stores for gardeners fungicides are offered in various forms: in the form powder, suspension, emulsions, well soluble in water.
Depending on the composition, the following types of fungicidal drugs are distinguished:
- Inorganic. Within this group, drugs of classes 1–4 of danger to humans and warm-blooded creatures are isolated.
- Organic The main component in them are active microorganisms that inhibit pathogenic fungi.
More preferred for use on the suburban areas biofungicides, because in addition to high efficiency, they cause minimal damage to plants.
Often, gardeners buy new products for effective pest control, especially if they provide high efficacy with a small dose of use. However, doing so is wrong. You can expect good results only if you use proven drugs. Within the group of chemical fungicides that proven effective when used for protection during the growing season of various garden crops, the following can be distinguished:
- Bordeaux liquid
- copper sulphate,
- abiga-peak, sun,
- potassium permanganate (manganese),
- soda ash using adhesive (soap green).
In recent years, many biological contact fungicides have appeared on the market. In their manufacture using a slightly different approach than in the case of chemicals. The main component of biofungicides are active bacteria, whose activities have a depressant effect on the causative agents of fungal diseases.
The use of contact biofungicides is more preferable, since they do not cause or cause minimal harm to humans, warm-blooded animals, fish and bees. Consumers who are going to use biofungicides at home should pay attention to the following types of drugs:
- Hamair P,
- alirin B,
- barrier and others.
Treatment with chemical fungicides of contact action can only before flowering and after harvesting. The advantage of biofungicides is that they can be used throughout the growing season. At the same time, there are such products on sale that can be used at the stage of crop maturation. It should be borne in mind that the drugs of contact action are effective in the prevention. If the drug reaches the causative agent of the disease, then this leads to his death. If the plants are already affected by the disease, then they cannot be saved with the help of these drugs.
Rules for working with contact fungicides
Прежде чем использовать фунгицид, необходимо позаботиться о собственной безопасности: для этого нужно подготовить закрытую одежду, резиновые перчатки и очки и головной убор. After processing, clothes are sent to the wash, and hands and face should be thoroughly washed with soap and water.
It is necessary to carry out processing of plants in advance prepared solution. The exception is when the instruction prescribes the use of fresh composition.
In the process of preparing a solution for the treatment of plants, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations specified in the instructions, maintaining the optimum consumption rate taking into account the phase of plant development.
It is possible to use fungicides in the most favorable conditions for this: in the early morning or in the evening, provided that it is worth dry windless weather.
For the sprayer, you must select the mode of operation for fine spraying. The solution cloud coming out of it should flow onto the plants from below and above.
It is forbidden to use chemical fungicides in relation to those plants whose green parts of the above-ground mass are to be consumed. For safety reasons, all crops should be processed before the flowering and fruit set phase.
It is impossible to clean the dishes, in which the solution was prepared, in reservoirs. Disposal of used pesticides should be done only in specially designated areas.
The place where it is supposed to store fungicides and other drugs with a chemical composition should have limited access. Drugs must be placed sealed.
If the investigator of the above rules for the use of fungicides, it is possible not only to prevent the occurrence of dangerous pests on the site, but also not to harm yourself and the environment.
List of fungicides
Due to the high toxicity of most of the fungicides offered today, the gardener should have a good reason for using them at home. Prior to the use of drugs is a familiarity with the safety regulations when using toxic substances.
Oxyh. Drug consisting from copper oxychloride and oxadixyl. It belongs to the number of contact systemic fungicides, used for prophylactic purposes and for the suppression of diseases of garden and indoor plants. It is recommended for use in the fight against late blight, macrosporosis, black bacterial blotch, septoriosis, etc. Non-toxicity makes this preparation safe to use.
Preparation of working solution
Plant treatment is carried out only freshly prepared solution. First, one third of the volume of water should be poured into the sprayer tank, then the mixing device should be started and the required amount of the preparation should be poured. After the remainder of the required water is poured, the solution is well mixed, after which they are treated with infected plants.
A prerequisite is the purity of the water used to prepare the solution.
The recommended consumption rate is one packet for 2 liters of water. In some cases it may be necessary to carry out three treatments, but between them it is necessary to sustain a break of 10-14 days. Plants can only be treated with a freshly prepared solution on the basis of the drug oxy. It can be used as a component for the preparation of complex mixtures.
- acts according to the system-contact principle,
- the effect after treatment lasts for two weeks,
- no toxicity, provided that the treatment is carried out in compliance with the recommended doses,
- cost efficiency when used for preventive purposes.
Trichodermin. Included in the group of biological products designed to combat fungal and bacterial diseases. The main active component is the spores of the soil fungus Trichoderma lignorum and crushed grain substrate. The drug effectively fights with more than 60 types of soil pathogens that cause the development of many known diseases: root and fruit rot, seed infections, macrosporosis, fusarium, etc.
The positive effect from the use of the drug is to improve soil fertility, provide plant roots with additional nutrients, increase seed germination.
- to prepare a suspension in which seeds will be soaked, it is necessary to take 10 g of the preparation and dilute it in one liter of water,
- If the preparation is intended for irrigation, then the consumption rate will be similar to that in the previous case. Watering should be carried out strictly under the root, portions of water should be medium,
- For spraying, a solution is prepared according to the following scheme: 10 g of the preparation must be diluted in 5 liters of water,
- It can be used as a preventive measure during planting. In this case, the rate of consumption will be calculated as follows: for one pot with a diameter of 25 cm, you must take the drug in an amount corresponding to the tip of the knife,
- It is allowed to add to the water in which the cuttings are aged for rooting. Especially this measure is effective for cuttings that are prone to decay.
- As a preventive measure, it can be used immediately before planting. In this case, adheres to the following consumption rate: 5 g of the substance is consumed per 5 liters of soil,
- To combat diseases, an aqueous suspension is prepared according to the following scheme: 5 g of the preparation is diluted in 5 liters of water. Next, the diseased plant is released from the soil, the roots are cleared of soil, branches of the root system that show signs of browning are removed, the main root system is washed with a suspension, after which the plant is planted in another pot that is pre-filled with fresh substrate.
The problem of protecting plants from diseases is relevant for each gardener. In order to deal with them quickly and without consequences, many are used for this chemical preparations. Fungicides are among the most popular, which demonstrate high efficiency. However, when choosing them, it is necessary to proceed from the position in order to cause minimal damage to the plant. Therefore, preference should be given to those of them that have the lowest toxicity. When choosing fungicidal preparations, it is necessary to focus on their recommendations for use. This will help to avoid undesirable effects after processing.