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Floribunda Roses: description, planting, growing and care

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Undoubtedly, the mysterious beauty of the rose on the site look gorgeous, majestically. There are many types: well-known and real surprises-finds. Recently, floribunda roses have become very popular in landscape design. The hybrid was born by crossing nutmeg, tea, and polyanthus roses.

The result was amazing. They bloom magnificently and for a long time (the stages of flowering come in waves), are distinguished by an abundance of colors and high quality flowers. Resistant to diseases and pests, successfully hibernate. Planting them is easy, notable for unpretentious care: even novice gardeners can handle it. It takes a minimum of effort to settle these beautiful plants on your plot.

Popular Floribunda Roses

Species range of these flowers is so great that gardeners are lost in the choice, not knowing which of the many varieties to plant on their site. To facilitate the selection in our gallery you can see photos of various roses of Floribunda roses. A description of some of them can be found below.

Carte blanche. Bushes up to one meter in height have thick decorative foliage and medium-sized double flowers of pure white color. The variety blooms profusely until autumn and is rarely affected by fungal diseases.

Galaxy On bushes with a height of 70-80 cm, medium sized flowers form and bloom throughout the season. They have a pastel yellow color and a red tint along the edges of the petals. All the beauty of this flower can be seen after its complete dissolution. The buds have the original smell of flaxseed oil.

Blyuvender. The plant is a sprawling shrub, whose height can reach 60 cm. The stems are covered with shiny dark green leaves. Bunch of inflorescences consist of medium size double flowers of salmon pink color. This variety is often used for planting in the foreground. Resistant to diseases and has many high rewards.

Blue Bazu. This variety is distinguished by its very original color. On the shoots a large number of pale bluish-lilac buds are formed, which on a yellow background appear blue. The plant reacts to air humidity, temperature changes and may be subject to various diseases. However, an unusual shade of flowers make it very popular.

Niccolo Paganini. The plant represents powerful bushes plentifully covered with decorative foliage. Large inflorescences of this variety are collected from fragrant dark red roses of the classical form. Differs in magnificent health and is used for registration of sites and drawing up bouquets.

Frisia. On shoots of dense, compact bushes 70 cm high, extremely fragrant double flowers of bright yellow color are formed. Their peculiarity is that they do not fade even in the sun, which is extremely valuable for roses. This variety blooms one of the first, and blooms until frost.

Lilly marlene. The plant with a reliable reputation is grown in almost all greenhouses of the world. The shrub, 70 cm high, is abundantly covered with brilliant green foliage with bronze tint. Medium-sized, lightly double-colored fire-red flowers have a light fragrance.

Sangria. This rather new variety is distinguished by bright crimson flowers of interesting addition, which consist of two tiers. Their lower petals have a diameter of 6 cm, and the pointed inner ones with a diameter of 3 cm are densely assembled. Color intensity is maintained throughout the season. The plant can grow in almost any conditions, and is not subject to disease. Rejuvenating pruning bushes are required no more than once every 3-5 years.

Stromboli. An upright, strong-growing shrub 70-80 cm tall is distinguished by brilliant dark green leaves and double red colored cupped terry flowers. The inflorescence consists of 3-10 buds, each of which has velvety, grooved petals. This variety has a faint aroma of flowers and is characterized by a long and abundant flowering.

Why grow floribund rose

Depending on the variety, the height of the stem varies from 30 cm to 1 m. The top of the shoot is crowned with a whole bunch of bright fragrant flowers. Large (diameter of the corolla is 4-10 cm), cupped or scyphoid, can be simple or terry. Flowering begins in midsummer and wavyly lasts until late autumn, with more and more flowers appearing with each wave. The main advantage of this type of roses - abundant, lush, long flowering. The bushes are simply strewn with thick clouds of large roses.

At your discretion, floribunda roses can be grown in shrubs, stambas and even as a pot plant. Thus, they can become an ornament not only for the garden plot, but also for the terraces, verandas, balconies, loggias, apartments, houses. In cutting retain freshness for a long time.

Due to its advantages, floribunda roses are gaining all the great popularity. Perfectly solo, effective in group plantings, will be a colorful focus on the lawn. With the ease of planting and care, you will get a gorgeous bloom throughout the season.

Care and watering

For a rose, timely and abundant watering is important, where in addition you will have to constantly use top dressing. If you let the growth of the bush on its own flow, the rose will grow sluggishly - gardeners will notice only frail and medium-sized buds sprouting on a thin stem.

It is not necessary to count on rain in the summertime - during active growth of moisture the bush should be enough. In other words, the soil should always be slightly wet. It is impossible to carry out watering under the scorching sun.

If there is no other possibility, the settled water is poured into a hole in advance prepared near the root system by a thin stream.

In this watering it is important not to get water on the leaves. If another watering is not possible, watering the plant with drops on the leaves should be carried out in the early evening, so that before night the bush is completely dry.

In the summer, they gradually reduce the number of waterings, and in September they stop it altogether - this is necessary so that new shoots do not begin to grow. Irregularities in irrigation entail the formation of new shoots that will not have time to grow and bloom in winter - this is fraught with freezing in winter.

If there is no rain in the fall, it will be necessary to water the bush 1-2 times a week, because it is impossible to leave a rose for the winter without moisture in the root system.

ABOUT COOKER

Floribunda rose is a continuous fertilizer application for excellent and full growth of buds. If the ground is heavy, it should not be fully fertilized.

Floribunda rose is sensitive to salts, and in heavy soil salts are washed out slowly. Therefore, special combined fertilizers are used in limited quantities.

It is also important to apply organic fertilizer - manure, but do it carefully. It is better if the manure is scattered at the place of future planting in advance. Hitting clean manure on the root system of the seedling will destroy the shrub.

Fertilize shrubs only in the second year of its growth. Do it every spring and summer.

Floribunda rose pruning is a must-have event for full growth and abundant blooms.

These remaining shoots are additionally shortened to 4-5 buds - no more than 10 cm from the soil surface. In the presence of lateral shoots they are also shortened.

WINTER COVER

Before sheltering a shrub for the winter, it must be prepared - cut off the shoots, leaving no more than 40 cm from the ground surface. It is also important to remove all the leaves from the bush. Bush spud earth up to 20 cm near the base and covered with spruce leaves - fallen leaves.

In regions where winters are more severe, shrubs are recommended to be covered with a covering material, having previously exposed a frame made of a grid or a wooden structure. You can also put dry leaves on the covering material and leave the bush until spring.

Floribunda rose perfectly tolerates the winter and in the spring can please new shoots after opening the covering material. This is done in April or in March - in colder regions as late as possible.

How to propagate floribunda rose cuttings

Floribunda roses reproduce by cuttings or graft on rootstocks, but the second method is difficult for beginners, let us consider in more detail only grafting.

  • Cut the cuttings of roses from lignified shoots.
  • The length of the cutting should be about 8 cm, width - approximately with a pencil.
  • The place of the cut determine 0.5 cm above the kidney.
  • Make the upper cut straight, lower - at an angle of 45 °.
  • It is necessary to remove thorns and leaves from the bottom of the cutting.
  • To improve the rooting process process growth.

Root cuttings can be in the open field. An interesting way of rooting cuttings of roses in the potato: just make a recess in the potato, insert the cutting, and plant it. The potato will gradually give the cutting moisture and nutrients, creating favorable conditions for rooting.

It is better to arrange the handle so that the midday sun shines, and the direct rays fall either in the morning or after 4 pm, so that the plants do not overheat. The best place is a penumbra near the trees or against the wall of buildings, a solid fence. Make a hole about 15 cm deep, cut half the cuttings. Between cuttings keep a distance of 15-30 cm.

Top cover with a transparent tight bag or cut plastic bottle - create greenhouse conditions. Air out periodically. It is necessary to water regularly, loosen the soil.

For the winter, shelter is necessary: ​​saplings are covered with a layer of leaves of 20 cm and covered with lutrasil on top. In the spring, after the snow melts, the shelter is removed as soon as the ground dries out and there is no frost. Feed seedlings 1-2 times a month with complex preparations.

Youngsters grow in one place for 2 years. When the first buds appear, they are cut off - they hinder the development of the root system. For the 3rd year, transplant the floribunda rose seedlings to a permanent place of growth.

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