General information

Types and varieties of cannes that will decorate your garden from summer to frost


Beautiful tall flower and gorgeous lobed leaves, overshadowing the beauty of many representatives of vegetation - Kanna. Her color range is amazing even the imagination. The main advantage of the flower is tall. But in the localities it is rarely found.

It takes up a lot of space and does not always get along with smaller home plants. Therefore, to grow a beautiful plant at home, you need to know a few rules and nuances for its favorable growth.

Description and features of the flower

The appearance of canna is a combination of colors of banana and orchid or gladiolus. It is hard to tear off a look from its flowering, it is so interesting and delightful. The plant was first found in the rainforests of India, South America, China and Indonesia. These countries began to grow this species since the 17th century. The culture got to Russia thanks to the Portuguese trading vessels.

This is a tall, erect natural creature, reaching a height of 2.5-3 meters. The trunk tends upward, not expanding in breadth. The trunk is surrounded by massive broad leaves, which can be up to 70-80 cm in length, and not exceed 30 cm in width. The leaves are elongated, conical in shape with elongated durable veins, richly green in color.

Canna is beautiful in any period, without buds, just with spreading leaves, and with magnificent buds.

Thanks to the massive stem, the bush grows strong and does not require additional support. Buds bloom lush armful, asymmetrical inflorescences. Each flower can vary in size from 10 cm to 25 cm. The most common tone of the buds is red. This is the main tone of the culture, but now breeders have developed a lot of work and brought out a variety of colors from yellow to speckled to orange or crimson. Sometimes you can see the white color. The root system of cann has no tuber - the roots branch in different directions, which allows you to keep a powerful trunk in an upright position.

The main features of the culture are:

  • The breed is practically not sick.
  • After wintering quickly goes to growth and gaining power.
  • Does not require special care and cultivation.
  • Under favorable conditions, it is able to bloom almost until the first cold weather.

However, the minus of the plant is that it does not adapt to freezing temperatures and may freeze during frosts. Therefore, it is recommended to dig for the winter. Another drawback in cannes is that they are odorless in the open spaces of our Motherland, although they possess a rich aroma in nature.

The best varieties for growing

Now there are about 50 types of cann color palette. The founder of the modern variety of colors is Indian canna. From it, breeders, by means of lengthy works, developed the most common today cannas, which in turn contain their own varieties: Crozi, orchids and deciduous.

Crozi - dwarf varieties among the family (undersized).

They reach no more than 1.6 meters in height, the leaves at the same time saturated green color, reaching a purple shade, but with a slight whitish bloom. The buds in the open form in an external image strongly resemble large gladioli. It was first brought back in 1868.

Today, the most popular for planting stunted species:

  • President - the plant grows only up to 1 meter high, the inflorescence forms rather large up to 30 cm. They differ in the color of rich scarlet color. Flowering begins in mid-summer - in July.
  • Livadia is similar in size to the previous type - “President”; it also has large inflorescences up to 25-30 cm, does not exceed 1 meter in height, enters the flowering phase in early July. The main differences from the previous species - bright red-purple hue of inflorescences and purple gorgeous leaves.
  • America - unlike other varieties slightly higher, can reach 1.4 meters above ground level. The buds are somewhat different from other varieties - they have a cinnabar-scarlet color and size from 12 cm, while the inflorescences exceed normal standards, reaching 35 cm.

The next variety of garden cannes is orchids. The outer bloom resembles a Cattleya inflorescence. The type is rather tall, it can exceed 2 meters. Inflorescences have a large diameter - up to 17.5 cm one bud. Each of the components of the petals endowed with a wavy rim. Top grades:

  • Superstition - differs in a lemon shade of flowers, its growth is insignificant - only up to 1 meter, but the size of the inflorescences is pleased with the size of 12 x 15 cm, the leaves are of the usual green color. Differs in the early beginning of the ejection of the buds - in the middle and end of June.
  • Andenken Pfitzer - its size slightly exceeds other varieties - grows up to 110-140 cm. It is endowed with purple-brown greens and bright carrot inflorescences 30 cm in length. Flowering begins, like most species, in July.
  • Richard Wallace is a small specimen of up to 1 meter in total, but his coloring does not cease to amaze - flowers of sunny color with small red splashes, inflorescences reach 25 cm.

Small-flowered cannes or deciduous - the tallest member of the family, grows up to 3 meters. But in turn have a drawback - small flowers, collected in small inflorescences. The most famous of the group of plants is the species - Durban. The color of its inflorescences is represented by a yellow-orange palette, the buds in the opened state do not exceed 6 cm. However, the leaves are a real advantage - they are endowed with stripes and pink-yellow-bronze in combination with green. Against the backdrop of such greenery and flowers pale.

Thus, the culture is diverse both in the variety and in the color palette. It is possible to choose when planting not only to be suitable for decorating the garden, but also for combination with other plants.

Breeding methods

Cann propagation is not difficult either for an experienced grower or for a beginner. They can be displayed in two ways:

Growing a plant with seeds is quite a laborious undertaking. Usually it is used by breeders, since the maternal qualities of the seeds tend not to transfer to a new flower. Therefore, no one knows what color of the inflorescences will result.

Seeds of culture are a dense box with three divisions, in which large blackish seedlings are located.

Before planting, they need to prepare, previously softened. Otherwise, there is no guarantee of germination of sprouts. Rules of preparation:

  1. It should be rinsed with hot water or boiling water.
  2. Then place in a thermos with warm water for a period of 3-4 hours.
  3. After the presence of snow, put on time up to 3 hours in the snow or put in the freezer for 1 hour.
  4. Mechanically (personally) remove the peel.
  5. Now it is necessary to sow the bare seeds in a growth stimulator (1 day). After placed in a pot with earth.

The second method by dividing rhizomes is much easier. For safety at the end of autumn, the roots are dug out of the ground with a large clot of soil. Overwhelmed by planting material comes from storage in the last days of March or in early April. Land is removed from the roots, dried areas should be removed. The division is made by counting awake kidney hibernation. Each bud is a separate bush. If the 2 tuberous buds are located very close to each other, then it is not recommended to divide them, you can damage and ruin the plant.

Separated tubers in sections are dipped into a weak solution of potassium permanganate, for disinfection from fungal infections. Top slice sprinkled with wood ash or activated carbon. The division process is over - now should be planted.

Landing rules

Seeding is done in early February, and planting rhizomes - in late March. For planting seedlings need a light substrate and a small capacity. For germination, you need to create greenhouse conditions - the air temperature is not lower than 22-23 C and partial shade. It is necessary to wait for the first shoots in 3-4 weeks. Grow sprouts quickly, so you need to follow - as the 4 leaf appears, you need to make a pick in a larger pot. At this point, it is recommended to lower the temperature to +16 C.

For planting rhizomes need a deeper pot. The soil when placing the seedling should be wet. Tuber is laid out in a horizontal position, so that the growth bud is on top. Otherwise the sprout will rot. Top with mixed soil with river sand. Sprinkle or spray with warm, settled water.
The growth of a seedling is carried out at a temperature of +20 ° C to +24 ° C. After germination, further actions are performed as for a pickled seedling from seeds - the temperature decreases and periodically watered.

Planting time is regulated by the end of the last frost.

Best of all, not earlier than the May holidays, it is up to this time that strong temperature drops are possible. A fertile soil rich in organic fertilizers, warm and protected from the winds is ideal for canna. The main thing is the sunny side.

Hole for planting need to dig at least 60 cm. Inside, place 20 cm of cow manure, sprinkle with a new 25 cm layer of garden soil. After the bush is placed and again powdered 10 cm with a layer of soil. Periodically watered and fertilized.

Care Tips

In order for the plant to grow quickly and to enjoy lush greenery, plenty of watering is required. After planting, the seedling should be irrigated with 10 liters of water. The main task is to ensure that the ground around the sprout does not dry out, but remains constantly wet. But to bring the soil to a swampy state is not recommended. In this case, there is a likelihood of tuber decay.

At the time of flowering watering further increase.

In order to keep the land constantly wet, and the watering did not increase at certain periods, the soil around the bush is gurgled. In addition, the plant must be fed mineral fertilizer (after watering add to the soil by loosening the granules of fertilizer).

It is necessary to make a mixture consisting of 25 grams. phosphate, 12 gr. nitrogen and 10 grams. potassium, that is, 40-50 grams. fertilizer or use the universal fertilizer Nitroammofoskoy. This amount is required to be distributed over an area of ​​1 m2. Thus, care for culture is minimal and not difficult. But the bush will respond with violent color and greens.

Diseases and pests

Although cannes have a peculiarity in most cases not to get sick, but still some species of pests are on the way to beautiful flowering:

  • Earthworms - Nematodes. They infect the roots of a flower, forming peculiar growths on them, with the help of which they sip the juices from the culture. The environment for their reproduction is summer heat and high soil moisture, as well as a large amount of fertilizer. The fight is made by chemicals - Chloropicrin, Carbon disulfide.
  • Slugs - snails that feed on young greens. The soil around is either mulched or treated with fungicides.
  • Aphid - sticks a leaf from the bottom side, sucks the nutrients out of it, contributes to the loss of color and drying. Cleaning from aphids is carried out using a soap solution.
  • Shchitovka - it digs into the leaves at the base, feeds on internal juices. In the fight used the drug Vertimekom.
  • Spider mite - located on the underside of the leaf, entangles it, sucks all the juices, thereby ruining the greens. For the destruction of used means to fight "Mavrik".

For the healthy growth of a flower, you just need to monitor its condition and prevent the emergence of new malicious inhabitants.

The main types of cannas

Among the diversity of cannes, there are three types of plants that are easily distinguished by their characteristic features:

  1. Orchid (orchid) cannes. Spectacular srednerosly bushes up to 2 m high with green leaves. In some varieties, foliage has a purple hue. The highlight of such cannas is large flowers up to 17.5 cm in height, which look like orchid flowers. They consist of wide petals with wavy edges. These flowers are in lemon Suevia yellow in Richard Wallace's red dot, orange in red strokes of Andenken en Pfitzer.
  2. Small leafy cannes. Large bushes with a height of 1.5 to 3 m bloom small, not more than 6 cm tall, flowers. They have narrow petals, but cann leaves are large, green or purple. Such cannes grow mainly in natural conditions, they are rarely planted in the garden. Sometimes you can find a variety of Durban with orange leaves in a pink-yellow-green stripes.
  3. Cannes Crozi. Compact shrubs in height from 60 to 160 cm are distinguished by a bluish bloom on the leaves. Small, up to 10 cm in height, inflorescences are very similar to gladiolus flowers. Petals of flowers are bent, like in varieties of red-crimson Livadia, rich red America, bright red President.

A fairly large group is Indian canna. Photos of some of its representatives can be seen later in the article. A feature of this type of culture is the ability to reproduce not only vegetatively, but also with the help of seeds. In addition, almost all Indian cannes are of late flowering. They bloom in July, or even in August, but bloom until October-November (depending on the region of cultivation). But the height of these flowers are different. Thus, the dwarf yellow Pak grows no more than 60 cm in height, whereas the white-flowered Eurika stretches to 1.5 m.

Different factors of division

In the literature it is often possible to meet another group of cannes, in which flower growers carry all the spotted varieties. They are called so - Spotted Cannes, which in English means "spotted, stained, speckled." Often in stores, cannes and sold it under that name.

Another common classification of cann depends on the time of onset of flowering and leaf color. In terms of flowering they are divided into early and late varieties.

By leaf color, cannes are also grouped into two groups:

  • green leafy cannes with characteristic green foliage color without additional colors,
  • red-leaved varieties - in which the leaves are colored purple-brown.

And now let's look at the varieties of cannes, which differ in the flowering period, and study their representatives.

Kanna wyoming

A decent-sized bush has a decorative appearance throughout the spring-summer season. In the spring and at the end of autumn, canna attracts with brown leaves, and from the beginning of summer to the beginning of autumn - with bright flowers. The average height of a plant is 1 m, but in the sun and in warm soil it can reach 1.5 m. The diameter of the inflorescences does not exceed 12 cm. They are painted in a rich orange color, and darker strokes are barely visible along the petals.

Canna Wyoming multiplies predominantly by dividing rhizomes. In the autumn it must be dug. Store canna in a cool place where it is light.

Canna striat

A beautiful mid-early variety with long, slightly pointed leaves. With a leaf plate length of 50 cm, its width is only 20 cm. The bush is of medium size, the maximum plant height does not exceed 90 cm. The buds bloom in July and bloom until September. They are pleasant, warm, orange-yellow color, with a darker shade inside.

A characteristic feature of the variety are motley leaves. The green leaf plate is painted with light yellow stripes.

Kanna Champion

Beautiful mid-early variety with a relatively low, up to 1 m, bush and delicate buds. They are cream-pink and bloom a little later, in July. However, in September, flowering ends. From a distance it seems that it blooms gladiolus - the inflorescences are so similar to each other. By the way, they are quite large, up to 12 cm tall. The color of the leaves depends on the intensity of illumination and can be both green and burgundy.

Canna Confetti

This mid-early variety begins to dissolve the first buds only in July, and ends flowering in early autumn. The flowers are not very large, a maximum of 10 cm in height, but beautiful, spotty. In the photo of cannes Confetti one can see how reddish brown spots are scattered on a yellow-lemon background. The bush itself grows to 90 cm.

Kanna Aphrodite

As a goddess among other flowers, the real Aphrodite among cannes reveals her large inflorescences. The bush itself is not very high, only 1 m, but the diameter of the flowers can reach 18 cm. The canna Aphrodite blooms in mid-summer and pleases with a dark pink color before the beginning of autumn. No less beautiful and the foliage in this mid-early cannae. It is bronze, and by the fall the bronze remains only veined.

Late flowering cannes varieties

The advantage of later varieties is a longer flowering. Although they only open buds in the middle of summer, they decorate the garden until October (and even November) frosts.

Among the late Cannes, worthy to compete with autumn dahlias, it is worth noting varieties:

Canna picasso

The height of the bush is quite modest, not more than 90 cm, but the main advantage of the variety is large inflorescences of tiger color. Their diameter reaches 13 cm. Large and dense red specks are scattered on a bright yellow background. The leaves are large, wide and green, with a lighter or darker shade. Picasso blooms only in the middle of summer. But you can admire the tiger buds until October.

Благодаря компактным размерам сорт можно выращивать не только в открытом грунте, но и как горшечную культуру.

Канна Люцифер

Очень эффектный двухцветный сорт с компактными размерами. Куст вырастает максимум до 80 см в высоту. Листовая пластина зеленого цвета, широкая, с волнистыми краями. На фото канны Люцифер видно, что цветки у нее ярко-красные, с широкой и неровной желтой каймой. Высота соцветия достигает 12 см, а цветет канна с середины лета и до заморозков.

If in the autumn the canna is transplanted from the garden into a pot and taken into the house, it will bloom almost all year round. And it will be great to grow in the pond.

Compact plants about 50 cm high are often sold as canna dwarf lucifer. In general, this is the same variety, just a different “caliber”. The color also coincides, the only thing that the width of the border may be wider or narrower.

Kanna Yellow Hambert

Medium-growth plant, rarely grows more than 120 cm. Green leaves are large and wide. Closer to the tip, they lend, ending in a sharp top. The flowers are also medium in size, up to 10 cm high. This is a very beautiful yellow canna. Its petals are lemon yellow. In the center of the inflorescence is painted thick red specks. Sometimes it can go partially to the petals.

Kanna Semaphore

Very spectacular variety in height from 90 to 180 cm. Remarkable contrasting color of leaves and buds. Against the background of brown foliage with a violet hue, the yellow traffic lights of neat little flowers are brightly lit. Flowering lasts from July to September. This is one of those species that feel good both in the flowerbed and in the tub, indoors.

The variety tolerates a short-term drought, but not during the growing season.

Kanna Black Knight

This is one of the most luxurious varieties of red cannes, which becomes the main decoration of the site and immediately catches the eye due to its color. First of all, it is beautiful, dark maroon foliage. The leaves are large, oval and hard, slightly narrowed at the tips. Color on the stems turns brown. No less elegant are the scarlet inflorescences, large, more than 12 cm high. In the photo, cannes Black Knight shows that the buds look really noble against the background of dark foliage. Flowers bloom in July and bloom until September. The bush itself is quite compact, only 1 m tall.

The variety has good resistance to adverse weather conditions that do not affect its development and flowering.

Canna gnome

Gangster Dwarf is called dwarf - the height of the plant is only 50 cm. Its tender inflorescences are charming: as for the canna itself, they are rather large, painted in pink. The center of the flower barely noticeable casts a sunny yellow hue. The buds are formed on short pedicels, but the leaves of the Gnome are large, oval, with sharp tips. The color of the foliage of the usual green. Canna bloom lasts from July to October.

Canna cleopatra

A popular Indian cannes variety is valued by gardeners for its original multicolored coloring of flowers and leaves. The bush grows thick, the height of the stems does not exceed 90 cm. The leafy rosette is simply gorgeous: the large, wide leaves have a striped, green-maroon, color. Photo canna Cleopatra confirms and decorative of its colors. Dissolving in early July, they bloom until early November. The color of the inflorescences is very interesting:

  • half scarlet petals
  • the rest is yellow with red specks.

This is not all varieties and types of cannas and there are still many plants that can be grown in the garden or in pots. Do not postpone your dream to “later” and do not be afraid to buy these wonderful flowers. Let them bloom and delight you for many years!

Flowers and fruits of the canna plant

Kanna is a large, spectacular flower - a perennial with branching roots. Grows in warm climates. Reaches 1 - 2 m in height and more. Stems erect, unbranched, fleshy. The leaves are large, elliptical, pointed, 25–80 cm long, 10–30 cm wide, two rows located on short stems. May be striped, red, purple-bronze, green, depending on the variety. Some varieties of leaves are dark purple and black-purple hue. Canna flowers are bisexual, asymmetric, with a diameter of 4 - 8 cm, odorless, yellow, orange, red, pink. Less common canna white. The flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescences. In favorable conditions, flowering begins in July, soon planting and lasts until the onset of frost.

The canna fruit is a three-lobed, lucolicidal box of oval or cylindrical shape. On the surface of the fruit there are warty, juicy growths that gradually dry and fall off, the shell becomes thinner, the boxes crack and release the seeds contained within them. Seeds are black, round, with a diameter of 0.6 - 1 cm. Arranged in 2 rows. Fruits ripen within 30 - 40 days.

This culture is unpretentious, its only drawback is low temperature intolerance. It is not subject to diseases and pest invasion. It has a strong root system, which allows it to grow successfully even in poor soil.

Breeding cann

Often, when breeding Cannes, a gardener raises the question “how to keep cannes tubers in winter”, because, like peonies, they have to winter at positive temperatures. Usually in the winter they are cleaned in the basement or storeroom. Before the onset of cold weather (in September - October), the rhizomes are dug out and cleaned from the ground, the decayed roots and buds are removed, leaving 1 - 2 healthy buds.

After that, the tubers are allowed to dry, placed in boxes, covered with sawdust and sand, taken in equal parts. Once a month, the mixture is moistened with a small amount of water so that the tubers can be fed and not dried. When storing rhizomes need to regularly conduct their inspection, to avoid rotting. Having found rot, the affected area should be cut off, the place of cut should be treated with iodine. The boxes are opened no earlier than at the beginning of April, when the weather is warm. Tubers make for several days in the fresh air, thereby giving to prepare for the growing season. Before planting, they are moistened in a solution "Kornevin" and sprinkled with wood ash.

You can store the rhizomes of cannes on a loggia in a bucket, covered with earth. With a strong cold snap, bring the bucket into the room, put it on the veranda or in the attic.

In the southern regions, excavated tubers can be left on the site, protected from wind and drafts, by filling them with a 15-cm layer of sawdust.

Types of canna plants

The types and varieties of cannes are popular all over the world. Bright, large flowers and lush leaves give a decorative, elegant look to this plant, for which it has long been valued by gardeners and used in landscape design.

The height of the stem distinguish high, medium, low instances. By leaf color - red and green leaves. Total today there are 50 species and about 1000 varieties of this plant. Photos of some types of cannes and their description are presented below.

Canna indian (Canna indica) - distributed in the Antilles and in Central and South America. Homeland - the western part of India.

It is a perennial slow-growing plant, with an erect, smooth stem and a powerful rhizome. Its height is 1.5–2 m. The leaves are elliptical, broadly lanceolate, leathery, dense, smooth, entire, light green or red striped, up to 50 cm long. The flowers are few, tubular, 8–10 cm in diameter, wax-like, pinkish fawn and red, collected in brush. Flowering begins in June, lasts until late autumn.

Kanna hanged (Canna flaccida) - found in the southeastern United States in the swamps and shallow waters of the coast. It grows on soils rich in humus.

This evergreen plant is up to 1.2 m high, with a vertical rhizome. The leaves are lanceolate, oblong, narrowed towards the base, up to 60 cm long, up to 13 cm wide. Flowers are 6–8 cm in diameter, yellow-gray in color, with small bracts. This canna flower has been cultivated since the 18th century. It is planted around pools, and also serves for gardening of rooms.

Canna low (Canna humilis) - reaches 1.4 m in height. Homeland - China. Leaves oval-elongated, bright green, up to 50 cm in length. Flowers with a diameter of 10 cm, red-orange, are collected in inflorescences.

Canna garden (Canna generalis) - the common name for garden hybrids. Widely used in modern gardening.

The varieties of the Crozi group are of great demand - large-flowered, Humboldt with bright orange flowers and reddish-brown leaves, as well as small-flowered, deciduous varieties with large green or violet-green leaves.

Canna flower varieties

"America" - the stem of a plant of this variety is 1.2–1.4 m high. Flowers are up to 12 cm in diameter, purple-red shade, are collected in inflorescences 35 cm long. The leaves are red-violet. Bloom in July. Fruits rarely.

"German Titov" - A stem with a height of 1.1 - 1.3 m. The flowers are light pink, collected in inflorescences 30 cm long. The leaves are red-green. It bears fruit.

"Clara Buisson" - stem 1.2 m high. The flowers are bright, red-orange, inflorescences up to 27 cm in length. Flowering in July. Fruiting is abundant, annual.

Andenken Pfitzer - stem up to 1.4 m. Flowers are orange, with red strokes at the base. The leaves are brown-purple. Bloom in July. This variety does not bear fruit.

"Sunny Beauty" - up to 1 m high. The flowers are light yellow or cream, collected in inflorescences up to 25 cm. Green leaves. Flowering in the middle of summer. Fruiting regularly.

"The president" - up to 1 m high. Flowers are large, bright red. The leaves are green. Bloom in July. Not fruitful.

"Livadia" - up to 1 m in height. The flowers are red crimson. Purple leaves. Fruiting regular.

In addition to the above, such varieties of cannes are popular, their photos are presented below:

“K.A. Timiryazev ",

"Louis Cayo",

"Crimean Riviera",


Golden Rooster,

White cannes in water

Experienced gardeners know that canna flowers grow well submerged in water to a depth of 10 to 20 cm. White cannes grow particularly well in water, therefore in spring and summer pots with this crop are placed under water in pools located in garden plots. In the autumn they are cleaned in a greenhouse or winter garden, where they are also placed in large containers filled with water. So that the soil is not washed away, clay is added to it. With a comfortable temperature, good natural light, or additional artificial lighting, they continue to bloom and form new shoots.

You can install pots with pots in any part of the pool. In order that the container was firmly fixed, various fasteners are used.

For growing in water suitable hybrids "Longwood", which are called "water". The flowers of this group have bright colors: red, pink, yellow, orange. In addition to them, you can use varieties of cannes Indian.

Cannes color history

The history of canna flowers has its roots in ancient times. The Indians of tropical America baked starchy rhizomes on the fire and ate them. Culture came to Europe from the tropics only in the 16th century thanks to the Portuguese sailors. However, Europeans began to use flowers for decorative purposes only in the 17th century. In Russia, they learned about this plant at the beginning of the 17th century under Peter the Great, when, under his order, a garden office began to work.

Translated from the Greek "canna" means "reed". And indeed, if you look at the photos of canna flowers, you can see that these plants are similar.

A bit of history

The name Kanna has received its name from the word Kane, which is translated from Hebrew as “stem” or “reed”. That is, a plant with an empty trunk, which is quite true. For the first time, canna was introduced to Europe in 1570, most likely from the Antilles. However, a very long time grown in gardens only as an ornamental leaf plant.

In 1859, Mr. Anne, a gardener from Poissy (France), made the first attempts to breed a canna with a beautiful flower. However, Mr. Crozi from Lyon managed to create truly amazingly beautiful flowering varieties: in 1889 he received the first large-flowered canna variety, named after his wife M-me Crozy.


According to scientific classification, the exotic beauty of canna belongs to the Cannes family of the Cannae family. According to the data of 2016, the genus includes only 12 species (“The Plant List” is an Internet project of an encyclopedia of plants, created jointly by the botanical gardens of Kew and Missouri).

Of these, only a few species are used in garden culture:

I canna indian / Canna indica - plant height from 0.5 m to 2.5 m depending on the variety. For thousands of years, this species was cultivated by the indigenous peoples of North and South America as a food plant: Indians ate cannas rich in starch-rich rhizomes.

Canna Flaccida II (Canna flaccida) - height does not exceed 1.5 m. The view originates from the swampy areas of the southeastern United States from Texas to South Carolina. It is better known as the water canna: ripened seeds are transported over long distances and sprout in the coastal zone.

This is the only species of the genus in which flowers open in the evening and wither in the heat the next day. The species was first introduced in England in 1788. All modern orchid varieties (the modern name of the group Italian Cannes) originated from the cannes.

III Canna Cochineal / Sanna coccinea - otherwise canna bright red, height approx. 2 m. Originally from North Argentina. Introduced in England in 1731

IV Canna garden or hybrid / Canna x generalis - combines varieties of complex hybrid origin. In turn, it is divided into two groups:

  • with green leaves
  • with dark purple leaves

Flowers at the same time may have different colors and shades, as well as the height of the stems. There are more than a thousand varieties, but breeders around the world do not stop at what has been accomplished, working to create new beautiful varieties.

The type and variety of its cannae (if it is unknown) can be tried to be determined from the photo; these plants usually have pronounced varietal characteristics.

Cultivation and care

In a temperate climate in central Russia and even in many countries of Northern Europe, cannes can be grown outdoors only as summer or container plants.

Kanna is exclusively heat-loving, therefore it can be planted in the ground no earlier than the beginning of June. Pre-rhizomes germinated at home, warm (15-25 C) and in the light. Too large rhizomes are divided after the beginning of germination of buds: each part of the rhizome must have at least 2 normally developed buds.

Sections are disinfected with ordinary brilliant green or powdered with crushed coal, and then dried well (since the succulent rhizomes of the canna are prone to decay). When the leaves begin to unfold, segments of rhizomes are planted in individual pots, where they will grow before planting in the garden.

A place for cannes on the plot should be chosen light, protected from the wind. The plant needs a rich, deeply cultivated soil with good drainage. Before planting cannes, the soil is thoroughly filled with organic matter with the addition of complete mineral fertilizer.

The distance between plants depends on the characteristics of the variety: short from 40 cm, tall to 80 cm. Care for planted cannes is simple - these are strong and strong plants.

Removal of weeds, loosening, regular watering (more generous during the flowering period), top dressing with full mineral fertilizer at least 3 times during the growing season. Faded inflorescences are removed. By the end of the summer watering gradually reduce - this is important for the full maturation of the rhizome.

Wintering: how to preserve rhizomes until spring

Winter canna canna only in the south. Therefore, in the fall, before the start of frosts, the stems need spudding. This will protect the root collar from freezing and, further, decay of the rhizome during storage.

The first subzero temperatures kill juicy canna tops, and this means that it is time to dig out the plants. The stems are cut off, leaving a stump height of 10-15 cm, and the rhizome is carefully dug out of the ground. Store the excavated rhizomes in the cellar at a temperature of 5-7 C and a humidity of 80%.

In case of insufficient moisture, the rhizome can dry out, if it becomes excessive, it can rot. It is easier and safer to keep rhizomes planted in a pot with soil, watering very moderately.

If the leaves do not grow, the pot of canna must be removed in a dark, cool place and there is little watering. But if the plant continues to grow, you will have to keep it in a well-lit place and take care of it, just like a regular indoor flower. At a temperature of 12-15 ° C canna will grow all winter, and in the spring it can be planted back into the garden.

Spectacular and bright cannes - indispensable for ceremonial flower beds and exotic flower beds. They are perfectly combined with modest annals: zinnias, one-year-old “Jolly Fellows” dahlias, multi-colored variegated coleus, as well as all three species of marigolds (especially with marigolds of fine-leaved, resilient yellow and orange flowers).

Canna stunted varieties are excellent container plants. Just do not forget about the need for good drainage!

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