When there is blood in the cow’s milk, the causes and treatment of the pathology can be very different. Actions aimed at helping the animal depend on each individual case. After all, the drink can be stained with an open wound of the udder, mastitis or vascular cracks. It happens that the mammary gland is bleeding due to contusion, furunculosis and possible congestive edema. In this article, we will examine the most common situations and tell you what to do and why to help the cow.
The most common cause
One of the most common causes of blood in the milk of a cow is inflammation of the udder, which passes in an acute form. Pathology is called mastitis, and this neglected form is hemorrhagic. As a rule, the disease occurs after calving the cows in the very first days, if the standards of sanitation and animal care have not been complied with.
Microbes that have entered the udder rapidly develop in a weakened body after calving, affecting half or all of the udder. It is with this form of mastitis milk stained with blood, scaring the owners. This type is a complication of two other common types - catarrhal and serous inflammation of the mammary gland.
More information on these forms of the disease can be found in our articles “On serous mastitis in cows” and “Catarral mastitis in cows”.
If you find blood in a cow in milk, do not think for a long time what to do in this case with a calf. Immediately take it away from the mother and translate into artificial food or feeding from another cow.
The fact is that milk from a patient suffering from mastitis cannot be consumed, especially since, in addition to blood, it may contain purulent flakes and be watery.
Milk with blood in the udder of a cow with the described pathology is formed as a result of multiple hemorrhages in the breast tissue. The sick female with mastitis should be immediately transferred to a separate room and create conditions for her recovery - warm, dry bedding, lack of drafts, reduce succulent feed.
Here is an approximate treatment regimen:
- inject 10 ml of caffeine subcutaneously (20%), if cardiac activity has visibly weakened,
- intravenous glucose (40%) - in a dose of 200 ml,
- 10% calcium chloride - 200 ml - are also injected intravenously,
- 800,000 units of penicillin are injected intramuscularly in 4-5 hours over three days.
One of the main components of mastitis treatment is frequent milking with the hands, ideally - every two hours. And then an antibiotic solution is introduced through the nipples. This could be, for example, a mixture of penicillin with streptomycin 50,000 units each. To relieve the pain of the animal, add 150 ml of novocaine (0.25%) to the solution.
Specifically, a soda solution is used to dilute blood clots. Why in the amount of 100 ml it is added to a glass of boiled water. After the introduction of fluid in the udder, it must be carefully milked 20-30 minutes later.
How to help with udder injury
Cattle (cattle), regularly grazing in meadows during the warm season, are constantly at risk of bruises and cuts. For a cow udder, any high-growing thorn or sharp nail sticking in the fence could be the cause of injury.