Many gardeners often neglect the use of calcium nitrate, fertilizing their land. Yes, calcium is not part of the NPK-complex, which includes vital substances. But at the same time, Calcium helps to fully absorb nitrogen, the main substance from the NPK - complex, which ensures the active growth and development of all plants.
A very important property of calcium nitrate is that it is considered the best fertilizer for acidic soils. This tuk has a revitalizing effect on plants, contributing to their high-quality vegetation, as it absorbs from the soil an excess of manganese and iron, metals, which are contained in sour soils in large quantities.
The lack of calcium, affects primarily the root system. It stops receiving the required amount of nutrients. Local balance is disturbed, the roots no longer absorb the moisture coming to them, and rot. After this has happened, the whole plant may perish. To avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to introduce this feeding in a timely manner.
The instructions for use, which is attached to fertilizers containing calcium nitrate in their composition, say that they must be applied in the spring, before digging the soil. In the autumn, it is absolutely not worthwhile to use this knock, since all nitrogen contained in it will be washed away during snowmelt, and only calcium, which is not too useful without nitrogen, and most often just harmful, will remain from the balanced complex of useful elements.
Calcium nitrate in the last few years is available in two forms - granular and crystalline. Since the crystals of this salt are highly hygroscopic, if there is a choice, it is better to acquire a granular form, which is much easier to handle, does not dust during application, and absorbs less moisture from the surrounding air.
The use of calcium nitrate in private farms is practiced more often than in industrial agriculture. It is not very convenient for transportation in large volumes, but for individual use, it can be purchased in small packages of 1-2 kg. This fertilizer not only creates a nutrient medium for plants, but also protects them from various ailments, therefore, it is recommended for private use in summer cottages and in household plots.
Calcium nitrate is necessary for:
- High-quality formation of green mass. It corrects photosynthesis in plants, contributes to the qualitative formation of cell membranes, and, accordingly, the walls of the plant. Calcium, which is part of this fat, contributes to the full absorption of nitrogen.
- The application of this fertilizer to the soil before planting is significantly accelerates germination of seeds and tubers, due to the increased activity of enzymes,
- Calcium nitrate contributes forming a healthy root systemresistant to diseases, fungi and bacteria,
- Calcium Nitrate helps the plant to survive when temperature drops, contributes to the successful wintering of perennials,
- Also given tuk improves the taste, quality and quantity of the crop, and shelf life of commercial products.
As a nitrogen-calcium fertilizer for pre-sowing, this agrochemical fits perfectly, since it is nitrogen that plants need at the initial stage of growth, and calcium helps to absorb it effectively. It is also used for the routine feeding of plants during the first half of the growing season, conducting foliar feeding.
Especially useful foliar dressing for cucumbers. The first spraying of this culture is done after the third leaf appears on Zelentsah, and this procedure is repeated at intervals of 10 days, until the onset of the phase of active fruiting. To prepare a solution of 2 g of calcium nitrate is diluted in 1 liter of water, used immediately. This treatment will prevent the appearance of rot in the root zone of the plant.
With the same purpose sprayed tomato seedlings, a week after transplanting it into the ground. The use of calcium nitrate perfectly protects young plants from apical rot, which is particularly susceptible to tomato bushes, protects them from ticks, thrips and slugs. Also, treatment with a calcium salt solution gives a prolonged effect for tomatoes - even after stopping its use, the bushes retain strong immunity, and ripening tomatoes remain protected from the appearance of black rot.
Another “lover” of calcium nitrate is cabbage. Fertilizer can be used for seedlings, feeding it under the root (2 g per 1 l of water). But when you make this fat cabbage there is a trick. Everyone knows that cabbage will not grow on acidic soil. But at the same time, she loves calcium nitrate. So how do you reach a compromise? The crystals in this case are not brought into the soil when it is digging, but directly into the cabbage hole (1 hour liter without top), and lightly sprinkled with a thin layer of earth before lowering the root of the plant. Such a tricky "pie" gives the best effect when growing cabbage, as the plant is actively overgrown with leaves, quickly begins to twist its head and, most importantly, does not get sick.
Under other garden and horticultural crops, this type of nitrate is introduced in the form of liquid dressings. The following dosages are recommended for root dressings:
- Strawberries (garden strawberries) - 25 g per 10 l. Top dressing is carried out strictly before flowering.
- Vegetables (calcium tolerant) - 20 g per 10 l. Before flowering.
- Fruit trees, apples, shrubs - 25-30 g per 10 liters. Before blooming buds.
Calcium nitrate is compatible with many fertilizers, except for simple superphosphate, with which it can not be made.
Top dressing for flowers
Calcium nitrate is one of the best fertilizers for flowers. This mineral supplement helps to solve the two most basic problems - high-quality formation of green mass and protection from rot. In fact, both annual and perennial flowers, growing to the middle of the season, begin to come into contact with the ground. After watering in this place, soaking forms, which then grow into putrefactive formations. This creates a favorable environment for the reproduction of pests that significantly spoil the appearance of the plant. The use of calcium nitrate helps to combat this phenomenon. Penetrating into the stalks, it increases their resistance to negative factors, sanitizing the plant and protecting it.
Perennial phlox - one of the most common flowers throughout the Russian Federation. They are unpretentious, require little care, and look very impressive in bloom. But, despite the fact that these flowers are undemanding, if they are not fed, the peduncles become shallow and lose their decorative qualities. Calcium nitrate is applied by phlox as a first feeding in the season, in the form of a solution, twice, with an interval of 10 days between dressings. For its preparation, calcium nitrate is dissolved in water in the proportion of 2 g per 1 liter. Further it is used for extra root top dressings.
Calcium nitrate is also used to feed the darling of many gardeners in the middle lane - petunias. A solution of this fertilizer (1 tsp per 1 liter) is used for seedlings of a flower to strengthen its fragile “skeleton”. After all, one of the main negative factors that prevents the plant from growing in high quality in open ground is the fragility of the leaves and stems. Gusts of wind - the scourge of young seedlings. To protect it at first, while it is growing, after transplantation, petunia is fed again, under the root, with a solution of calcium nitrate of the same concentration as for the seedlings.
Calcium nitrate do it yourself
This fertilizer can be made independently. To do this, you need to take the more common ammonium nitrate, and hydrated lime. You will also need a pair of bricks (for the construction of the structure), a pan of aluminum, and firewood for the fire. It is better to “cook” calcium nitrate longer from residential buildings, since an unpleasant odor is emitted during the reaction. It is advisable to protect the respiratory organs with a household respirator and arms with gloves.
The manufacturing process is as follows: 300 g of ammonium nitrate and 500 ml of water are placed in a 3 liter saucepan. Then, the resulting substance is placed in a fire on the bricks, and bring it to a boil. Slaked lime (140 g) is gradually added to the liquid, and this should be done in small portions, and the whole process of adding fluff should be stretched for 25-30 minutes.
When the substance boiling on the fire ceases to produce a sharp smell of ammonia, calcium nitrate is almost ready. The fire must be extinguished, and wait for the formation of a dark-colored limestone precipitate. After the clean part is drained into a separate container, this is the mother solution of calcium nitrate. It can be stored in this form. When applied to the soil, the mother liquor must be diluted according to the type of plant and the type of fertilizing or spraying.
Description and composition
Calcium nitrate (calcium nitrate, calcium nitrate) is a chemical fertilizer used in the cultivation of vegetables, mainly in home gardens. Commercially used rarely due to high flowability during transport. It is also called “Norwegian nitrate”, since the first production of the chemical was organized in Norway.
In the composition of fertilizer 19% calcium and about 15% nitrogen, the substance dissolves well in warm water, has a pH of 6.0.
The main advantage of calcium nitrate is that it helps to fully absorb nitrogen when feeding, namely nitrogen provides the growth and full vegetation of plants.
The great advantage is that this fertilizer, when used, perfectly “works” on acidic soils, taking excess iron, manganese, aluminum from the soil, which is present in excess in acidic soils and thus neutralizes the acid balance.
Calcium nitrate is produced in granules and crystals in packs of 1 kg or 2 kg. Calcium nitrate in granules is preferable, since it is less dusty when used and does not cake when in contact with moist air.
The most well-known suppliers of calcium nitrate are “Bui fertilizers” and “Fertika”.
Calcium deficiency in the soil is manifested by the following features:
- The root system stops growing, the roots rot,
- Seedlings take root badly, some seedlings die,
- Seeds germinate very slowly
- Brown spots appear on the leaves,
- Stems become brittle,
- Buds fall, not blooming,
- Fruits are irregular, malformed,
- Vegetables and fruits during storage quickly rot.
Especially important is the introduction of calcium nitrate in acidic soils, in soils with a high salt index, on clay soils it is possible to carry out additional feeding. On alkaline soils do not use the tool. For dry regions, calcium nitrate supplementation is required.
The advantages of calcium nitrate
- Neutralizes acidic soils, increases alkaline balance,
- Promotes the development of beneficial soil microorganisms,
- Neutralizes the effects on plants of salts and heavy metals,
- Increases nitrogen absorption
- Increases stress tolerance of plants in relation to adverse environmental factors,
- Increases plant immunity,
- It activates the metabolism, accelerates the formation of chlorophyll,
- Increases yield by 15% - 18%,
- Improves the sugar content of fruits and taste of vegetables,
- Stimulates germination of seeds and tubers,
- Promotes the growth of green mass
- Enhances the color of vegetables,
- Normalizes root development,
- It protects plants from many diseases: late blight, top and root rot, keels, browning of potato tubers, bitter pitting of apples,
- Extends shelf life without damage,
Calcium nitrate is recommended for growing vegetables such as: cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, onions, beans.
Shrubs and trees respond well to such dressing: strawberries, grapes, raspberries, plums, cherries, and apple trees.
The effect of calcium nitrate on flowers is beneficial: lilies, phloxes, gladioli, dahlias, petunias.
Saltpeter is also used for lawns and grazing land.
For plants that "love" acidic soil, calcium nitrate does not apply. These are coniferous crops, rhododendron, fern, hydrangea, lupine, honeysuckle, barberry.
The tool can be applied in 3 ways: root top dressing in a dry form, root top dressing in liquid form under a root or drip irrigation and foliar top dressing by spraying on a leaf.
In dry form, calcium nitrate is applied to the beds in the spring under the digging. Standard dosage - 1 tbsp. l per bed or 1 tsp. in the hole when landing.
It is impossible to do this in the autumn, since in the spring the nitrogen will be leached from the soil with the melting of snow and rain, the remaining calcium is not only useless, but even harmful.
Root liquid dressing is carried out several times a season, but before active fruiting. Standard rate - 25 g per 10 - 15 liters of water. Intervals between treatments - 10 days.
A foliar top dressing by spraying is carried out before the flowering plants when the first leaves appear. Standard dosage is 25 g per 10 l of water. It is carried out 3-4 times per season: when the green part of the plant appears, at the stage of bud formation, at the beginning of the fruit set.
For different crops consumption of funds is different, therefore, when applying fertilizer, you must clearly follow the instructions on the package.
Overdose is especially dangerous, as it causes burns of plants, excess of nitrates in vegetables and fruits, excessive growth of green mass of a plant to the detriment of fruit set.
Experts do not recommend mixing the drug with other means, especially with superphosphate.
It can not be combined with lime substances, growth promoters, calcium chloride and those fertilizers that contain sulfur and phosphorus, but can be mixed with ash.
Experienced gardeners are also not advised to mix calcium nitrate with sawdust, manure and straw.
Calcium nitrate: fertilizer composition
As part of the fertilizer is directly calcium, which occupies about 19% of the total number of elements. Also present in the nitrate form is nitrogen - about 13-16%. This drug is marketed in the form of white crystals or granules.
It is very well soluble in water, has a high level of hygroscopicity. A nice addition is that the properties of this product can be maintained for quite a long time if it is stored in hermetically sealed packaging.
The name "saltpeter" comes from the late Latin language. It includes the words “sal” (salt) and “nitri” (alkali).
What is calcium nitrate for?
It has a rather positive effect on plants. Firstly, it is able to accelerate the process of photosynthesis, which rather quickly reflects on the general state of culture.
Also, the product helps to grow the green part and accelerates the growth of the plant as a whole, so that the crop can be obtained much earlier. Saltpeter works with the root system, provoking its active development. Applying it to the seeds, you can ensure their rapid germination.
In addition, this calcium product can make plants more resistant to diseases and pests. Treated garden and garden crops become more resistant to changes in air temperature.
The presentation of fruits becomes better, and their shelf life will be longer. According to observations, thanks to saltpeter, it is possible to increase the yield by 10-15%.
However, there is a drawback to this drug. If used incorrectly, it can have a detrimental effect on the plant's root system. In this regard, it is very important to adhere to the doses and timing of nitrate introduction into the soil, guided by the instructions.
When to make
According to the instructions for use, to apply fertilizer containing calcium nitrate in its composition, it is necessary only during the spring season when digging is carried out. It is not recommended to use the product in the autumn, as it is considered that there will simply be no effect from it.
This is based on the fact that nitrogen, which is a part of nitrate, during snow melting will be washed out of the soil, leaving only calcium there. The latter alone will not only benefit the plants, but may also have a detrimental effect.
For root feeding
Very fond of calcium nitrate cabbage. But there are important points. Кальциевая селитра для рассады полезна, и подкармливать ее можно, подливая раствор под корень. Сам раствор готовить очень просто, нужно лишь в 1 л воды развести 2 г селитры.
But as far as adult cabbage is concerned, knowing that this crop does not like acidic soil, it is necessary to reach a compromise in a different way. Experienced gardeners decided this question in the following way: they introduce fertilizer granules not during digging into the soil, but directly into the hole for cabbage (1 tsp).
After that, you need to sprinkle the drug with a thin layer of earth and lower the plant root there. As a result, cabbage actively grows, accumulates leaves and, not least, does not undergo diseases. As for other garden and garden crops, this type of fertilizer should be applied in the form of a liquid solution. Approximate dosages are as follows:
- Strawberry. Top dressing is carried out exclusively before the flowering period. It will take on 10 liters of water 25 g of saltpeter.
- Vegetables that tolerate calcium. Introduce the drug before flowering, about 20 g dissolved in 10 liters of water.
- Fruit trees, shrubs. Feed before budding. You need to take 25-30 g of saltpeter per 10 liters of water.
For foliar application
Foliar application is the sprinkling of plant crops. It contributes very well as a prophylactic against wilting of green parts, rotting of roots and fruits.
Such fertilizers are useful for cucumbers. Spray them for the first time after the third leaves appear on the stems. After that, observing the interval of 10 days, repeat the procedure before the stage of active fruiting. For foliar feeding cucumbers need 2 g of calcium nitrate and 1 liter of water.
For the same reason, calcium nitrate is popular in application for tomatoes. This should be done 7 days after planting seedlings in the ground. The drug will very well protect young growths from apical rot, slugs, ticks and thrips. An interesting fact is that the calcium salt solution has the effect of accumulation and prolongation. This means that even after feeding is stopped, the bushes will maintain the power of immunity, and the tomatoes will remain protected from black rot.
To prepare an effective working solution, you need to take 25 g of granulated product and dissolve it in 1 liter of water. Approximate consumption rates will be as follows:
- Vegetable and berry cultures. About 1-1.5 liters of solution will be spent per square meter.
- Flowers It will also take up to 1.5 liters of the liquid mixture.
- Shrubs. To process one bush, you need to prepare 1.5-2 liters of liquid fertilizer.
How to make yourself
If for some reason you cannot buy ready-made nitrate in a specialized store, then you can make it yourself. For this, ammonium nitrate and hydrated lime will be needed. Auxiliary items - a pan of aluminum, volume of 3 liters, bricks, firewood, water.
Hands and airways should be protected with gloves and a respirator. During the cooking process, a rather unpleasant odor will be emitted, therefore, such a procedure should be carried out only in an open space that is well ventilated. Preferably away from home.
First you need to make a mini-brazier of bricks. Laying out the wood, you should make a fire. In the pot you need to pour 0.5 liters of water and pour 300 g of ammonium nitrate to it. Put a pot (on the bricks) on a well-lit fire and bring the mixture to a boil. When the water boils, you can slowly add lime. It is necessary to divide the introduction of lime into stages, each time pouring about 140 g of this substance. The whole process takes about 25-30 minutes. Understand that nitrate is almost ready, it is possible by the fact that the mixture will no longer give off the smell of ammonia. The bonfire can then be put out.
After a while, dark lime will settle in the pan. Then you need to take another container and drain into it from the first clean liquid, leaving the sediment intact at the bottom.
This liquid is called the mother solution of calcium nitrate. Just this solution will have to be applied to the soil or applied with the purpose of spraying.
Calcium nitrate has become a reliable assistant to farmers. It fights well against diseases that may occur due to a lack of calcium. As for financial expenses, they will justify themselves in the first season.
Description of the properties of calcium nitrate
Calcium or calcined nitrate, calcium nitrate or calcium nitrate is a common fertilizer that is a mixture of loose crystals or granules. In both forms, the substance is perfectly soluble in water. Granular calcium nitrate also does not absorb moisture from the air. This is important during storage.
Attention! Another advantage of the granules over salt crystals is that they do not become dusty when applied.
Chemical composition of fertilizer:
The formula of the substance: Ca (NO3) 2. Getting into the ground and entering into the reaction, it practically does not oxidize it. Valuable property allows you to use calcium nitrate in different types of soil. However, it manifests itself best in sod-podzolic soil.
With proper storage and use of this mineral dressing:
Among the negative qualities of fertilizer - a negative impact on the root system of garden crops. It is not time to add mineral dressing, and the root not only does not feel the beneficial qualities of calcium nitrate, but also begins to rot, because it will get problems with absorbing moisture from the soil.
Features of the use of calcium nitrate on the plot
The key advice experienced gardeners on the use of calcium nitrate: make it only in the spring, simultaneously with the digging of the land on the site. If you fertilize the garden in the fall, then in the spring the nitrogen part of the substance will be washed off along with the snow. Without it, calcium is more harmful to plants than useful. Calcium nitrate is usually practiced in private areas. For large agricultural land fertilizer is not too convenient, primarily due to transportation. Garden and dacha owners can purchase soda ash in small sealed packages weighing up to 2 kg.
Calcined nitrate in the garden: practical benefits for plants
The substance has an effect on the plant:
- Forms a viable and high-grade green mass. Calcium strengthens the cell walls and plant tissue in general. Thanks to this, the culture accelerates photosynthesis.
- Activates enzyme processes in the soil. Promotes the acceleration of germination of tubers and seeds.
- It gives the plant resistance to sudden changes in air temperature. It gives strength for wintering to perennial crops.
- It stimulates the development of a strong, healthy root, resistant to fungal and other diseases.
- Improves the taste and presentation of the fruit.
Attention! Agrarians agree: soda nitrate is very much in demand for garden crops and flowers in the early stages of growth. Fertilizer gives plants strength and tone.
Instructions for the use of calcium nitrate in the garden
Dosage and frequency of calcium nitrate depends on the fertilized culture:
- Better than others on such dressing cucumbers respond. Spray the bed after the sprouts appear on the third leaf. Mixture recipe: 2 g dry matter per liter of water. Repeat and follow-up procedures should be carried out once every 10 days until the fruits are formed. The treatment will help prevent the development of root diseases.
- Tomatoes are sprayed with the same solution about 7 days after planting in open ground. One treatment will help the seedlings to form immunity from some diseases and many pests.
- In the case of cabbage with a solution for the same recipe, water the seedlings under the root. You can also add dry granules directly to the well before planting (1 tsp.). Before placing the plant in the same hole, fertilizer should be sprinkled with a layer of earth. Calcium nitrate significantly accelerates the growth of cabbage and the formation of a fork, and also gives the culture the strength to fight disease.
- Other vegetables that are well perceived calcium should be fertilized with liquid dressings. Solution: 20 g dry matter to 10 l of water. Bring before flowering.
- Garden strawberries (strawberries) are also fertilized with a liquid solution in a ratio of 25 g of calcium nitrate per 10 liters. Be sure to start flowering.
- Fruit trees and shrubs are watered with a solution of calcium nitrate before the formation of buds: 25-30 g per 10 l.
Use of calcium nitrate in the flower garden
This fertilizer is considered ideal for flowers. Especially love him lily. Flower growers also feed phloxes and petunias. Calcium Nitrate:
- protects plants from rot, which can appear when touching the green elements of the earth,
- improves their appearance
- builds up good greens,
- strengthens the stem.
The standard interval for flower dressing is 10 days. The first is at the beginning of the season. Usually fertilized with a liquid solution in a proportion of 2 g or 1 tsp. dry granules in 1 liter of water. Calcium nitrate is universal and perfectly suited for everyday use on the plot. This is an important element of plant nutrition with nutrients in the first stage of their development, which will be beneficial throughout the growing season.
Description and chemical composition
In the composition of calcium nitrate, the active ingredient is calcium, which occupies 19% of the total amount of substances. It also includes nitrogen having a nitrate form, in percentage terms - 13-16%. On the market the product is presented in the form of granules or white crystals. The drug is highly soluble in water, has a high degree of hygroscopicity and, if properly stored (in a closed package), may not lose its beneficial properties for a long time.
Calcium nitrate has the formula Ca (N03) 2. When released into the soil, calcium nitrate reacts and practically does not oxidize it, which explains its widespread use.
This tool feeds acidic soils better than others. Plants after root and foliar treatments have strong stems, sufficient immunity to resist diseases, and a powerful root system.
Calcined nitrate in specialized retail outlets is mainly represented by the brands “Bui fertilizers” (packaging of 1 kg, 25 g, 20 g) and Fertika, produced in packs of 1 kg. The instructions for the fertilizer indicate the composition and amount to be used to feed a particular type of plant. If you make more than the recommended dosage, it is likely to provoke greasing of green mass to the detriment of fruiting.
Fertilizer calcium nitrate, if desired, can be made at home. Cooking technology takes 30-35 minutes and includes:
- The construction of several small bricks installation.
- The compound in an aluminum container with a volume of 3-4 liters of the following components is water (500 ml), ammonium nitrate (300 g) and hydrated lime (140 g).
- The mixture is considered ready when the sharp, reminiscent of ammonia, the aroma ceases to spread. The fire at this stage is quenched and give the homemade vehicle time to cool. A pure liquid fraction is used to feed the plants, and the dark precipitate formed at the bottom of the pan is removed.
When preparing nitrate it is recommended to use protective gloves and a respirator.
In order to fully meet the need of cultivated crops in calcium, as well as to improve the penetration of water and oxygen into the soil, phosphorus-containing nitrate is used as an effective fertilizer used in sowing seeds, for strengthening seedlings, restoring soil and during the growing season.
Useful properties for plants
The use of calcium nitrate in the garden and in the garden marks the acceleration of the photosynthesis process, which has a positive effect on the general state of the culture. The drug contributes to the growth of green mass and the whole plant as a whole. The result is an increase in yields and an improvement in the commercial quality of the fruit.
Using the tool as a fertilizer allows you to activate the development of the root system, increase the level of resistance to diseases and parasites.
Calcium nitrate-treated plants acquire a high degree of resistance to negative environmental factors, which makes them more resistant to changes in air temperature.
Advantages and disadvantages of the drug
Calcium nitrate used in horticulture and horticulture as a mineral supplement has positive characteristics:
- stimulates the growth and development of planting,
- boosts immune strength in cultivated crops
- increases by 10-15% productivity indicators,
- no toxic effect,
- neutralizes acidic soil,
- improves the taste and commodity quality of the crop,
- prolongs the shelf life of vegetables, fruits.
The main disadvantage of this fertilizer is the detrimental effect on the underground part of garden crops and leaves. But negative consequences in the form of root or apical rot are possible with incorrect or untimely use of the mineral composition. If you follow all the recommendations specified in the instructions for fertilizer, these problems can be avoided.
Calcium nitrate can be replaced with wood ash, which powders the beds, or prepare a working solution of 10 liters of water and 10 ml of calcium chloride with the addition of calcium gluconate (10 tablets).
Features of use on a personal plot
Calcium nitrate is effectively used in the spring when digging the ground. If this fertilizer is applied in the fall during the planting season, its nitrogenous part will not be enough for the plants, since it will be washed away with snow. With this approach, calcium will harm the plants, despite its usefulness. Saltpeter is mainly used in the garden, private areas, and in large farms it is unprofitable to use it due to transportation.
If there is a need for mineral dressing, its foliar application in the first decade of the vegetative period is allowed. Spray should be before flowering bushes. To neutralize the acidic soil at the planting site, the drug is poured into the wells at the rate of 1 tsp. funds for one seedling. Calcium nitrate as a fertilizer has a positive effect on plants, but to avoid the opposite effect, it is necessary to know what types of nutrient complexes can be combined with it.
The need of different crops for feeding
Foliar treatments are very useful for cucumbers. Seedlings are sprayed when the third leaf appears. The manipulation is repeated after 10 days. The solution is prepared from 1 liter of water and two grams of the product. After applying the mineral composition, young plants grow better and are resistant to rot on the stem.
Tomato seedlings are fed 7-10 days after planting in open areas. In plants, after fertilization, there is a strong immunity and rapid development.
For cabbage, lime nitrate is used when planting seedlings in the ground by adding to the hole (1 tsp of funds for one planting hole). It is desirable to sprinkle the granules with earth to exclude direct contact with the roots of horticultural crops.
Potatoes respond well enough to mineral supplements, which are used during the growing season. Calcium nitrate is added to each well. Effectively combine it with a phosphorus composition, applying in the form of a liquid top dressing at the first hilling. The main thing is not to let the fertilizer directly on the roots of the plants, so as not to provoke a burn on them.
For flowers, this is an ideal fertilizer option. Thanks to him, there is a rapid growth of leaves, resistance to various diseases, rot. Especially beneficial this mineral composition acts on lilies.
For feeding of perennial plants use granules at the rate of 1 tsp. drug, diluted in one liter of water.
For pepper, calcium nitrate is used to prevent the development of peak rot, which occurs when there is a shortage of calcium. The disease manifests itself with white spots on the fruits, which eventually rot. Top dressing make 0.2% working solution.
Calcium nitrate is undesirable to use on alkaline soils. High fertilizer results are shown on subacid and acidic soils. It is good to bring mineral dressing to areas with sod-podzolic soil. Rarely it is used on heavy clays, loams, and in small doses, but often - in light sandy loams.
Top dressing methods
Calcium nitrate can be used both for root feeding and foliar.
To feed the cabbage seedlings by fertilizing at the root, you need to prepare a working solution at the rate of 2 g of product per 1 liter of water. When transplanting to an open area, pour 1 tsp into each well. drug. The bed for cabbage is not recommended to be fertilized in spring with mineral composition, it is better to do this just before planting seedlings in the ground.
- Strawberries are fed up to the flowering period. The working fluid is prepared from 25 g of the product and 10 liters of water. For vegetables, which normally perceive the mineral composition, the solution is made from 20 g of the drug and 10 liters of water.
- Feeding apples, other trees and shrubs carried out until the bud. The solution consists of 25-30 g of product and 10 liters of water.
The dosage for foliar dressings for each culture is different. Cucumbers and tomatoes are irrigated with a working fluid prepared from 2 g of calcium nitrate and 1 l of water. The procedure is performed 7 days after transplanting into open ground.
Примечательно, что раствор кальциевой соли отличается эффектом накапливания и продолжительного действия. Его готовят из 25 г препарата и 10 л воды. Для овощных и ягодных растений на 1 кв. м потребуется 1-1,5 л такой жидкости, для цветов – 1,5 л раствора, а для обработки кустарников – 2 л жидкого удобрения.
To store the drug is recommended to choose a dry room. Mineral fertilizer is suitable for six months, provided that it will be in a tightly closed package. The substance belongs to the 3rd class of danger, which involves the careful handling of it. All work must be carried out carefully, in the presence of work clothes and other personal protective equipment.
If the agrochemical gets on the skin, eye mucosa, it is necessary to wash them as soon as possible under running water. If swallowed, it is recommended to drink plenty of water, take sorbents and seek medical help.
What it is?
Calcium nitrate, as a fertilizer in the form of granules or white-colored crystals, can dissolve well in water and consists of the following components:
- about 19% calcium,
- from 13% to 16% of nitrogen present in the nitrate form.
Calcined nitrate is advantageously applied to acidic soils due to its ability to neutralize acids. Excess iron and excess manganese is taken from the soil with calcium, which allows to accelerate the process of fruit ripening, revitalizes growth and serves as a guarantee of normal vegetation.
Also, calcium nitrate helps to strengthen the immunity of plants, helps to protect seedlings from pests and diseases arising from lack of calcium.
This is the best fertilizer that can be applied to any soil, can be used in regions with any climatic conditions, but it has the most favorable effect on plants where there is little rainfall, that is, in dry areas.
The use of calcium nitrate in agriculture yields a good yield, the majority of crops increase yields by almost 15%, and also do not have a negative toxic effect on the human body.
Soda ash has the following properties:
- High level of hygroscopicity, which means good solubility in water.
- Does not oxidize the soil in comparison with urea and other nitrogen fertilizers.
- For a long time can be stored in sealed sealed packaging.
That is why the use of calcium nitrate is possible in any type of soil, but this fertilizer will be most useful for sod-podzolic soil.
What is the benefit of calcium nitrate in the garden:
- When using this mineral fertilizer, the process of photosynthesis in plants is accelerated.
- Calcium nitrate promotes the growth of the plant as a whole and its green part. Also, calcium nitrate provokes active development of the root system when working with it,
- Provides quick germination of seeds.
- After processing crops and garden plants, they will be resistant to temperature changes and more resistant to pests and diseases.
- The presentation of the harvest is much improved and increases the shelf life of the fruit.
The disadvantage of calcined nitrate is that in its application, in no case, you can not deviate from the prescribed terms of fertilizer in the soil and the doses described in the instructions.
If the doses do not correspond to those described in the instructions, calcium nitrate can destroy the root system of the plant. This is due to the fact that the root system stops receiving enough nutrients that are necessary for it to live. Because of this, the roots no longer absorb moisture and rotting of the root system of the plant begins.
The first foliar feeding or processing will begin to be carried out when the third leaves appear on the stems. Then the cucumbers are fed every 8-10 days until fruits are formed.
Calcium nitrate helps protect the root part from possible decay. The solution, which will be processed cucumbers, should consist of a liter of water and 2 grams of soda nitrate. Top dressing should be like that of tomatoes.
Processing calcium nitrate is also very important, because it will protect young bushes of tomatoes from slugs, black rot and ticks. Tomatoes will be protected practically until the fruits appear and ripen, that is, the treatment will give a prolonged effect and strong immunity is maintained.
For root feeding, a solution diluted with 20 grams of calcium nitrate in a 10 liter bucket is used before flowering. Foliar top dressing of tomatoes should be carried out a week after you planted the seedlings in open ground.
Root top dressing is done before the beginning of the flowering period from a solution diluted with 25 grams of soda nitrate in 10 liters of water,
Shrubs and other fruit trees are fed with root dressing before buds begin to bloom. In a 10 liter bucket with water is diluted from 25 grams to 30 grams of calcium nitrate,
When feeding cabbage
It should be quite attentive, because if cabbage seedlings are very fond of feeding from soda nitrate, then adult cabbage does not like sour soil, but calcium nitrate brings indisputable benefits, so 1 teaspoonful of mineral fertilizer in the form of granules should be applied directly into the planting hole, and not during the digging of the soil.
Pouring his fertilizer it is necessary to slightly sprinkle with earth, otherwise the fertilizer will burn the root system of the plant. Once you have poured a small amount of soil on the fertilizer, you can lower the spine and plant the seedlings.
Thanks to calcium nitrate, cabbage will be the least susceptible to various diseases and attacks of pests, cabbage will begin to grow actively, leaves will quickly appear and the head will begin to curl.
Calcium nitrate for flower crops
Calcium nitrate is well suited not only for crops, but also for flowers. Indeed, during the season when flower cultures grow and contact with the soil begins, then wetting begins to form after watering or heavy rainfall.
In places of contact, rotting begins, which leads to the destruction of flower crops by pests.
Pests spoil the appearance of lilies, so the processing instruction advises to apply a solution of a liter of water and 1 teaspoon of calcined granulated nitrate. Calcium nitrate will help to increase the resistance of lilies to external influences that are unfavorable, compact leaves and stems and will contribute to the good development of green mass.
Favorite flowers of gardeners are also perennial phloxes, which in the garden look quite impressive and do not require special care. Calcareous nitrate fertilizer is included in the minimum care for this flower crop, otherwise the stems will start to grow thin, the flowers will become small and the proper effect from the flowers will be lost.
Because of this, perennial phlox should be fertilized with calcium nitrate at the beginning of the season as a first feeding. In a liter of water, 2 grams of calcium nitrate are diluted, then the plant is fed root-feeding and after 10 days this procedure is repeated. After you have fed the perennial phloxes with the root top-dressing twice, you will be able to switch to foliar feeding,
Another popular plant that gardeners love to plant are petunias.
Petunias have fragile seedlings, so a solution of soda nitrate is used to strengthen the skeleton and increase the volume of flowers. Root feeding is also needed for petunia sprouts, which have only recently been planted in open soil. A solution of a teaspoon of calcium nitrate dissolved in a liter of water helps to protect petunias from wind gusts during the initial growth.