The owners of suburban areas a lot of time and effort takes the fight with slugs in the garden. Often in this fight slugs (or slugs, as they are called) win, causing great damage to the crop and literally emptying the garden. And yet, there are ways to succeed in the struggle, so that the crop goes not to the slugs, but to the owner of the vegetable garden - to the man. It is not easy, but possible.
The advantage in the struggle for existence is for the slugs, first of all, that they are polyphagous. With these extremely harmful for the garden creatures can be found throughout the season. They are extremely prolific. They can not get rid of once and for all. Work will have annually, long and hard.
A little bit about intrusive pests of plants
Almost everyone experiences discomfort when confronted with these "neighbors on the planet." By their nature, these are snails without shells, land mollusks, which in prehistoric times emerged from the water, but did not lose their connection with it. Only 10% of their flesh is dry matter, everything else is liquid. Slippery mucous surface helps to move, cools, protects against draining.
Water is the source of life for all living things, but its role in the existence of slugs cannot be overestimated. To maintain their vital activity, they need only a humid environment and exceptionally succulent feed. During the drought period, the number of these mollusks is significantly reduced. Rainy weather, excessive irrigation, abundance of feed cause an explosive increase in population.
Feed lands for slugs
Slugs find food everywhere. Under the ground, penetrating into the upper layers of the soil, they bite the crooked seeds of melons and cucumbers, eat the juicy flesh of potatoes (mostly short-ripened light-skinned varieties) and root crops (radish, daikon, carrots). They peppers the fruits of peppers and tomatoes, often climbing up the stems even to a two-meter height. They “work” inside cabbage heads (if marigold-tagetes are planted next to scare away pests, they can be pre-eaten). Destroy tender shoots, spoil the seedlings of any crops. Do not disdain the young ovaries zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkins. Eat juicy lettuce. This food "conveyor" is in demand from them all season.
Running from the sun
The common perception that slugs are nocturnal is not entirely true. They simply protect themselves from the drying effect of sunlight. Under the ground or a layer of mulch, inside the heads of lettuce and cabbage (white, cauliflower,.), As well as in rainy weather, they move around the clock. Of course, if the weather is dry, they prefer to "go hunting" in the night and morning, when dew falls, and during the day they hide in shelters. Only traces in the form of "tracks" of dried mucus and eaten plants indicate a night "feast."
Some types of slugs winter in the soil (dying only in harsh winters), while others from autumn to spring have masonry eggs (clusters of whitish-transparent "balls" visible by the eye). Each slug is able to lay eggs in large quantities. This invertebrate animal is hermaphrodite in nature (male and female elements are inseparable). For one summer, two generations can be born. Tiny-sized young individuals feed in groups and are very voracious. Adults can move around the garden relatively quickly - at a speed of more than 3 meters per hour, they can be carriers of diseases dangerous for vegetable crops (for example, late blight).
Rescue chemical drugs from Metaldehyde-based slugs - Thunderstorm (Meta) and Slyneed
Slugs are not insects, and they are not affected by any insecticidal drugs (karbofos, Inta-vir, Thunder, etc.). Only one substance can significantly assist in the fight. metaldehyde. It is used in the garden in the only way - in the form of a poisoned bait. Available under the names Thunderstorm (Meta) and Slyneed. The “deadly force” of this fast-acting agent is very high, while for humans it is a low-hazard substance. Its bluish granules (by the way, relatively resistant to deacidification from moisture) are scattered in places where pests accumulate (their “shelters” under mulch, boards, newspapers, rags, stones, bricks, burdock leaves, etc.). The mollusks crawl to the bait, eat it and die almost immediately. By the way, these drugs and snails can be used with a clear conscience.
But this method involves substantial cash spending.
Ecological - folk remedies to combat slugs
Supporters of natural farming do not use industrial chemicals, preferring sparing methods of control. But the garden cannot be considered a full-fledged (self-regulating) ecosystem: other tasks are being solved, active human intervention occurs, the density of cultural plantings is too high. Slugs can eat toads, lizards, shrews, moles, hedgehogs, some birds, but this is not enough. The easiest and most effective way is to use the desire of pests to hide in the “shelters” and regularly collect them there manually. All you need is desire, strength and time.
Popular wisdom offers a great variety of actions to eradicate a terrible scourge:
- Place containers with beer (kvass, kefir, lemonade) as bait traps.
- Cover the ground with superphosphate, crushed eggshell, ash, sand, lime, sawdust, pine needles, dry plant stems, tobacco, oil cake, sleeping coffee, mustard, pepper ...
- Spraying with solutions of salt, coffee, ammonium nitrate, copper or iron vitriol, acetic or citric acid, aqueous ammonia, essential oils ...
- Provide attractive alternative food (mulch, watermelon rinds, etc.).
All this is very exciting, but, unfortunately, ineffective and not always safe.
What really helps is deep digging, creating a loose soil, eliminating stagnant water, draining swampy areas. You can not completely get rid of the slugs once and for all, but to minimize their harmfulness is quite realistic.
Voracious pests: traps for slugs and other folk means of dealing with slugs
Reproduction of slugs on the site must be carefully restricted, otherwise the crops can be forgotten. Completely get rid of these nondescript mollusks will not work, because they easily crawl from neighboring gardens and gardens.
There are a lot of ways to combat such pests, ranging from manual collection of slugs and ending with the use of chemicals.
Want to know more? Subscribe to our public VC, there is all the most delicious from the editorial and interesting from the readers:
- Folk methods
- Pest control on cabbage
- Preventive measures
Fighting slugs without chemistry, this is the kind that gardeners prefer. About how the struggle with slugs folk remedies, read this material.
Folk remedies against slugs have long been tested and are highly effective and do not harm plants and soil at all.
Many of them do not even harm the mollusks themselves, but simply discourage them from planting and reliably protect the plants from damage. If slugs appeared in the garden: how to fight with folk remedies?
Folk remedies for slugs, we list the best:
- wood ash,
- slaked lime,
- soda and vinegar,
- finely shelled shells or shells,
- aromatic plants.
All this should be used in conjunction with preventive measures - timely loosening, weeding, decimation of plantings, cleaning of weeds and plant residues from the site. Combating slugs in the garden with folk remedies will help to safely expel pests.
The fight with slugs in the country folk remedies, has its positive aspects. Thus, experienced gardeners use ashes for fertilizer and to protect plants from various pests, including gastropods. Slugs bypass the side of the place sprinkled with ashes because it sticks to their bodies and interferes with movement.
It is necessary to carry out protective measures late in the evening when the mollusks crawl out of their shelters. Take a clean, dry ash and pour it along the beds, around the bushes, you can pollinate the plants themselves.
For greater efficiency, slaked lime or tobacco dust in a 1: 1 ratio is added to the ashes.
Both ash and lime lose their properties when wet, so the treatment of the site should be carried out in dry weather or after watering, when moisture is slightly absorbed into the soil.
About once a week, ash treatment is repeated until fresh traces of pests disappear. To protect you as efficiently as possible, you need to scatter the ashes where the main ways of slug movement are.
These paths can be identified by shiny strips of dried mucus, which are left by the mollusks during movement.
Common table salt against many types of slugs is a very effective weapon. In beds and flower beds, soil salinization is undesirable, but salt can be used safely on compost heaps.
Rotting plant debris attracts mucus from the entire plot, and by sprinkling salt with mucus-marked paths on the compost heap, you can quickly get rid of them.
This should be done after sunset and in dry weather so that the crystals do not dissolve from moisture.
Soda against slugs, often used by gardeners, they often use soda ash, not food, but soda ash. Dry powder densely sprinkled with clusters of slugs and individuals, under the influence of soda naked mollusks die in minutes.
A soda solution can be used instead of powder: 100 g of soda ash is taken to a bucket of water.
For spraying plants, the amount of soda should be reduced by half and add 20 g of soap to the solution.
Vinegar against slugs, very effective remedy. Slugs are dying and from vinegar. To prepare the solution, you will need a bucket of water and 65 ml of 9% vinegar. The solution is sprayed on the leaves of plants and watered pest accumulations.
During the processing of plantings it is necessary to ensure that the solution does not fall under the roots. It is often impossible to spray with vinegar, as it harms the plants.
Mustard powder for plants is harmless, but slugs die from it, so mustard against pests is an effective tool. You can sprinkle dry soil around the bushes on the powder, or you can spray the planting solution.
It is prepared this way: in 10 liters of cool water, 150 g of mustard powder is diluted and allowed to brew for a couple of hours. Processing of plants is carried out in the evening in dry weather.
Several spraying at intervals of 3-4 days will help to get rid of the mollusks on the site for a long time.
Experienced gardeners use slug from slugs. An aqueous solution of ammonia is also an effective remedy against slugs. In 10 liters of water it is necessary to dissolve a liter of 25% ammonia and fill the resulting solution with cracks in the ground, where mollusks can hide.
For continuous tillage in 10 liters of water, dilute 2 liters of ammonia, and spray the beds.
When treating the beds with ammonia (ammonia), the solution should not be allowed to fall on the leaves of the plants, since the product is very strong and can leave burns.
Fight against slugs of ammonia, save the harvest in the country and in the garden.
Beer against slugs will help get rid of them, its smell very much attracts these voracious pests. To do this, near the plants chosen by mollusks, containers with steep walls, for example, a glass jar, a bottle with a wide neck, or a plastic cup, are instilled into the ground.
The edges of the containers should rise 1-2 cm above the ground. Then the container is filled with 2/3 of the beer, and from above, as far as possible, it is protected from debris and domestic animals. On sale are ready-made devices with a protective visor, very convenient for catching slugs.
You need to change the beer in the tank every 2-3 days until the pests disappear from the site. Since the struggle with them in the garden is quite a difficult thing and you need to follow the instructions.
Instead of beer, milk or a mixture of water, honey and baker's yeast is suitable. For the mixture, honey and yeast are taken in equal amounts, diluted with a small amount of water and boiled for several minutes to make the mass glue-like. This mixture attracts slugs with smell and does not allow it to get out of the container.
Mulching of beds with a thick layer of needles is considered one of the most effective methods against slugs. Conifer needles do not allow mollusks to move around, prick their unprotected bodies, scare away the smell itself.
In addition, rotted needles are a good fertilizer. Fir or pine branches can be laid around the plants - the result will be no less effective.
If there are no coniferous trees nearby, tobacco and oak leaves and dry sawdust are quite suitable for mulching the beds.
Very often, the barriers of coarse sand, coffee grounds, crushed eggshell and shells, small sifting help to hold back the invasion of slugs.
They are poured along the beds, around the bushes, along the perimeter of the site with low crests. You can add soot, blue vitriol, lime, from which the slugs die.
There are also ready-made barriers made of plastic, which are gutters and wide rims with curved edges. They are established around plants, and mollusks cannot overcome such a barrier.
Pest control on cabbage
Of all the vegetables in the garden, cabbage enjoys special love in slugs. Her juicy tender leaves are the best delicacy for pests, and very often they destroy the entire crop on the site.
Chemical use of cabbage is very undesirable, especially since there are many effective and affordable folk remedies.
Experienced gardeners recommend sprinkling cabbage with hot water. This vegetable is able to withstand temperatures up to 60 degrees without consequences, while slugs die at 40 degrees.
If pests are visible between the leaves on the heads, you need to warm the water to 40-45 degrees and carefully spray the plants.
Processing should not be long, so that the leaves did not burn. Dead mollusks after a hot shower must be selected from the sheets manually.
Well helps get rid of slugs instant coffee. Upon contact with caffeine, large individuals lose their activity and orientation, while small ones die.
For spraying, it is enough to dissolve a double portion of coffee powder or granules in a glass of water, and then process the cabbage. Having smelled the smell, slugs will bypass cabbage beds by the side, but the plants do not cause any harm to coffee.
They do not like pests and the smell of wormwood, tobacco, marigolds, walnut leaves. They need to be brewed in boiling water, insist for 2-3 hours, after which the filtered and cooled infusion process the cabbage.
Occasionally you can use a weak salt solution (100 g per bucket of water) or a liquid ammonia solution in a ratio of 1: 6.
During the day, slugs always hide from the heat in thick grass, under stones, in compost heaps. You can make traps for slugs with your own hands. To do this, you will need materials at hand: old boards, pieces of slate, burlap, roofing felt and other trash.
Having chosen a convenient open place, it is necessary to water it thoroughly and to lay any material on top. Sack and rags should be additionally moistened with water.
After a day or two, the slugs will gather under the shelter, they should be collected and taken away from the plot, and the shelter should be left for the next batch. Look at the photo below for what a slug trap looks like.
A good trap is obtained from an ordinary plastic bottle. A bottle is crushed on the sides so that it does not roll on the ground, pour in some fruit juice, honey or beer, and lay flat between the cabbage beds.
From above you can flatten it with a flat stone or board, fixing in one position. Slugs are sure to smell and get into the bottle, but it will be difficult for them to get out.
Every 2 days you need to check the traps, remove any pests and add juice.
Another way to catch slugs is to spread out the bait on the site. As baits use a grapefruit, orange or watermelon peel, for this they are cut in half, the pulp is chosen, a small hole is cut in the center of the peel.
The resulting cups in the evening set cut down on the beds, attracted by the scent of slugs get under the peel and stay there until morning. After that, it remains only to check all the bait and collect mollusks.
The garden should be regularly plowed, mowed around the perimeter of the grass, in time to remove weeds and plant debris.
Thinning landings is also a good prevention of the appearance of slugs, because they do not like open and dry places.
After harvesting, the soil should be thoroughly cleaned of weeds, rotting or dry tops, under which pests can accumulate.
There are many plants, the smell of which scares off mollusks and keeps vegetables and berries intact:
These plants can be planted not only around the perimeter of the garden, but also between the beds, protecting the most vulnerable vegetables. In more detail about fight against slugs on vegetables and berry, read here. Но лучше всего справляются с вредителями птицы, ежи и лягушки, привлечь которых на участок не так и трудно.
For the birds, it is enough to hang feeders in the trees and periodically pour grain into them; frogs will be attracted by a small homemade pond with a pile of rotted leaves on the shore.
Hedgehogs quite often wander into the garden themselves, and in order for them to settle there, you need to give them milk, cookies, something else. If there are hedgehogs or frogs living on the plot, there are no problems with slugs.
Control the number of slugs with the help of popular methods for everyone. The combination of preventive measures and protective plant treatments will allow in a short time to clean the area from pests and preserve the crop.
The most important thing is to do it all on time, without waiting for the slugs to multiply and completely destroy the landing.
In the morning, remove and rinse the films in a basin of water, washing away all the slugs and other snails gathered under it. Repeating this way day after day, you will certainly get them out of your garden in a few weeks.
If you do not have the opportunity to fight slugs every day, then in the spring you can leave the film between rows longer - in parallel, it will help the earth to warm up faster and retain moisture longer. You will collect slipped slugs as soon as you arrive at the cottage.
Some of them will already die before your arrival - they will not tolerate high temperature under the heated film. It is even better to use this method even before planting, having previously reduced the “livestock” of pests in the soil.
How to get rid of slugs in the garden, best practices
Every summer resident can suddenly find plants damaged by pests and crops. Traces of minor injuries appeared on the leaves, fruits of trees and berries, as if they were rubbed on a small grater in places. This is the first sign of the appearance of slugs and snails.
There are many varieties of these parasites. Slugs that are found in the garden - invertebrate pests belong to the family of gastropods and look like a snail without a shell. They move with the help of muscle contraction, which is accompanied by a constant release of mucus, so that the body does not dry out under the influence of external factors.
During the day, slugs prefer shaded places with high humidity and a temperature of about 18 degrees Celsius. Lay eggs in spring and late autumn, ripening period of about 3 months. Let's take a closer look at how to deal with slugs in the garden, and why.
Harm and benefits of slugs in the garden
Slugs are nocturnal, so notice that the beds visited clam can only be on the silver trail of dried mucus on the leaves and damaged plants and fruits.
- young greens and sprouts of any seedlings,
- fruits of fruit trees,
- strawberries and strawberries,
- cabbage, cucumbers, peppers.
Slugs in the garden can feed on lichens, mushrooms, fallen leaves, perform a kind of cleaner role and help in the processing of organic matter. Fishermen can use them as bait, and some gardeners are specially bred to feed chickens.
Fighting slugs in the garden
However, when eggs are found on the beds, the fight against slugs in the garden should be a priority. They spoil not only the appearance of the crop, but also significantly reduce its quality and keeping quality. In addition, slugs carry the spores of fungi and parasitic worms, which can infect both plants and domestic animals.
Slugs in the garden - the struggle with environmental methods
It is necessary to minimize the number of dark wet areas, remove debris, organic residues, weed out. In the fall, do a deep soil digging, this precaution will help destroy the eggs not only slugs, but also many other pests on the site, as they freeze out in winter.
Slug eggs can be found in a damp and cool place.
Attract natural enemies of slugs: birds, frogs and hedgehogs. For birds, build birdhouses, for frogs - a small pond, for hedgehogs - to establish a house for wintering, and lay out the bait, feed them with milk.
Fighting slugs in the garden attracting hedgehogs
If there are slugs in the garden, how to fight - nature will tell. The most economical and ecological way to protect against the appearance of slugs on the site - the use of fragrant herbs, which they do not like. Along the perimeter of the beds planted garlic, sage, rosemary.
Folk remedies to protect the site from slugs
Since it is not always effective to deal with slugs in the garden with ecological methods, they use traditional prophylactic agents together with them. After planting the seedlings periodically spray the plants with a solution of ammonia, vinegar: the dilution ratio is 1: 6 with water.
Also used for processing mustard powder 5-6 tablespoons per 10 liter bucket of water. Some gardeners recommend spraying with strong instant coffee.
Treat all parts of the plant (sheet plate on both sides) and the soil next to it in the evening in dry weather. After the rain, the procedure is repeated.
How to get out of the garden slugs - soil deoxidation
One of the popular methods of how to deal with slugs in the garden is sprinkling with dry mustard, slaked lime or wood ash (30 gr. Per 1 square meter), which deoxidize the soil. Parasites do not like such sites and avoid them.
The fight against slugs in the garden with the use of special means
In extreme cases, 21 days before the crop is ripe, a chemical granulated remedy for slugs in the garden (Thunderstorm, Meta, Ferramol, Anti-Slug) is used, which is spread between the rows between 15 grams. on 5 sq.m.
Ferramol - a chemical remedy for slugs in the garden
The active substance metaldehyde attracts mollusks and scares away birds, but is dangerous for domestic animals and can accumulate in fruits. After applying these special tools, harvest it thoroughly washed in hot water.
Fighting slugs on cabbage
Cabbage is the most favorite delicacy of slugs and snails. Early varieties can be completely destroyed by mollusks even in the period of growth and the formation of a head of cabbage.
Slugs on cabbage, fighting them
In order not to start slugs on cabbage, the fight with them begins with the correct fit. Seedlings are planted from each other at a distance of up to 50 cm so as not to create thickened, moist and shaded areas for the favorable development of mollusks.
Each plant can wear a ring cut from a plastic bottle. The edges are notched unevenly with nail scissors, inside the neck, threading the cabbage seedlings. The sharp edges of the plastic will damage the delicate body of the slug if he chooses to eat a plant.
Plastic bottle protection for cabbage seedlings
When the emerging cabbage grows lower leaves in contact with the ground, they are cut off to restrict access. Also for the protection of cabbage used folk remedy from slugs in the garden - nettle leaves or wormwood, which are laid out under the heads of cabbages, changing them every day. Nettle burns and wormwood discourages its unpleasant smell.
Additionally, for the cabbage used such methods of control as evening watering with hot water (plus 50 degrees Celsius) of unopened leaves. Plants can withstand this temperature without getting burned, and slugs die.
Cabbage damaged by slugs
Spraying a solution of bitter pepper, for the preparation of which 100 gr. Is ground, is widespread. capsicum red pepper. It is soaked in 1 liter of water and insist 2 days, then boil and insist 24 hours. One hundred grams of the resulting infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water, adding soap chips there. Store the solution in a dark cool place.
Get rid of slugs in the garden is not so difficult. Sometimes it is enough to remove access to favorable conditions and wet areas. With the observance of timely preventive measures and proper care of plants, the question of how to destroy slugs in the garden will not be disturbed, since pests will not appear on the site.
Fighting slugs in the garden: all means are good
Slugs ... These are pests that can only be wished to the worst enemy in the garden. All kinds of cabbages, peppers, eggplants, strawberries, salads and many ornamental crops annually suffer from the invasion of voracious mollusks. It is impossible to get rid of them once and for all, but there are ways to reduce their numbers, discard them from their favorite beds and reduce the damage done to the crop.
Tools and methods of dealing with slugs quite a lot. And this is exactly the case when more is better. Someone has some effective means, others are more suitable. Also want to get rid of the slugs in the garden? Then from the long list, choose the option that is right for you ...
All ways to deal with slugs in the garden
The safest and “environmentally friendly” method of reducing the number of slugs is familiar to any gardener. This is a manual collection of pests in the evening when they crawl out of their shelter to feast on our vegetables. The method is effective, but time consuming, especially when there are a million gastropods, and you are alone. Therefore, the following control measures are more popular among gardeners:
How to deal with slugs with the help of natural enemiesIf there are toads and frogs in your area, and sometimes hedgehogs from the nearest forest come to visit you, you are very lucky. Lure hedgehogs and toads, put a saucer for them with milk, and for dessert they will surely eat slugs from your garden.
In addition to insectivorous slugs, the parasitic nematode (Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita), which is sold in the form of the Nemaslug biologic, is well expanded. The tool is not cheap, but absolutely safe and very effective: it is enough to water the beds once in 1.5 months and there will be no slugs at all. One problem is a British drug and you can only buy it in Russia on Ebay.
Fighting Slugs: Baits and TrapsAnother very popular and safe version of the fight against slugs involves the device in the garden of various traps and baits. Slugs gather in such places in "crowds", and immediately destroy a large number of lighter ones.
What are the traps and bait?
First, slugs are not indifferent to fermented milk products. In the evening, the old board is smeared with kefir or yogurt and placed in some damp place on two stones with the oiled side down. In the morning under the board will be an invasion of slugs, which can be easily destroyed.
Secondly, beer traps give a good effect. A special trap with a lid or just an old deep cup is dug in flush with the soil near cultivated plants. In the evening, beer (or fruit juice) is poured in, but not to the very edges of the trap. During the night, the slugs creep into the trap, fall into the beer and sink into it. In the morning the cups are emptied, so that the next evening they repeat the whole procedure from the beginning.Slug attracts cornmeal. It is often poured into glass jars, which are placed on the side next to the protected plants. Slugs will not take long to come and run to the bank.
Peel from grapefruit halves can also be used as a trap. They need to make small holes and arrange on the beds. Under the grapefruit "domes" for the night, slugs, attracted by the smell, will certainly nestle.
How to get rid of slugs using mulchingSome mulching materials impede the movement of slugs or scare them away. For example, sawdust. Sawdust stick on slippery mollusks, in every possible way making it difficult for them to live. Coniferous mulch slugs, of course, also do not favor. If it is not possible to mulch the beds with needles, you can arrange several fir branches around the plants.
Do not like gastropods and mulching nettle. A thick layer of nettles between the rows will not allow slugs to get close to the culture.
However, mulching works well when it is kept constantly. And the needles, and sawdust, and nettle are compressed, dry, rot, go into the soil and the path to the appetizing leaves is again open. To avoid this, the mulch layer must be constantly maintained and updated.
Mixed landings in the fight with slugsLike many other pests, slugs do not like too much aromatic and spicy herbs, so mixed plantings of crops, flowers and herbs, among other things, do not allow slugs to frolic in plenty. For example, cabbage can be planted in the same bed with thyme (savory) or rosemary. Add mustard to the peppers. You can sow parsley along the edges of a strawberry bed. Also, slugs do not like lavender and sage.
Barriers against slugsOne of the most optimal solutions to the problem “How to get rid of slugs” is to keep them out of our favorite plants. For this purpose, there are all sorts of obstacles.
Copper rims, copper self-adhesive or covering material with copper coating do not allow mollusks to get closer. Contact with copper provides him with a small but sensitive electric shock. On sale there are also plastic grooves intended to be filled with water, it turns out that water is also an insurmountable barrier to slugs.
Young plants are protected by plastic rims or funnels, which can be purchased at garden stores or made from plastic bottles, cutting them from both sides.
Slugs do not like tar, which means any cloth, smeared with tar and laid out around the plant, will serve as a kind of barrier. If there is no tar, and there is copper sulphate, you can dampen the rope in it, and then spread it around the garden or flower beds.
Many scattered around cultivated plants crushed eggshells, fragments of river shells, fine gravel, shells from nuts or coarse sand in the hope that the enemy will not pass. However, such barriers do not always work and not at all.
Folk remedies against slugsThe easiest way to deal with slugs is hot water. It can be successfully used on cabbage. In the evening, the water is heated to 40 ° C-45 ° C and watered the heads themselves and the soil around. Cabbage hot water is not terrible, but the thin skin of slugs is extremely sensitive to high temperatures.
There are anti-slugs and folk recipes for spraying and watering. You can spray plants:
- infusion of garlic (200-300 grams of garlic are crushed and poured 10 liters of water and insist day, stirring occasionally)
- infusion of mustard (50 grams of mustard powder dissolved in 300 ml of water, insist hour, then diluted 3-4 times)
- infusion of tobacco (1 kilogram of tobacco dust pour 10 liters of water and insist day. Add a little liquid soap)
- brilliant green solution (1 bottle per 10 liters of water)
You can water the plants and the soil under them:
- infusion of delphinium (1 kilogram of dried leaves cut and insist two days in 10 liters of warm water)
- infusion of mustard (100 grams of mustard diluted in 10 liters of water and insist hour)
- Infusion of hot pepper (1 kilogram of fresh or half a kilogram of dry pods of hot pepper pour 10 liters of water, leave for 2-3 days, then boil and leave for another 2 days)
- coffee (2 teaspoons of instant coffee per one glass of water)
- liquid ammonia (4 tablespoons per 10 liters of water)
It should be noted that such funds are practically useless with a large number of pests.
Pollinating the soil around plants to fight slugsTo make it difficult or impossible for slugs to move towards cultivated plants, the soil under the protected crops is sprinkled with:
- Coffee grounds,
- Hot pepper
- Tobacco dust,
- Hydrated lime (30 grams per square meter),
- Superphosphate (20-30 grams per square meter),
- A mixture of lime and tobacco dust in the ratio of 1: 1 (20-25 grams per square meter),
- A mixture of iron sulfate with sand or lime.
Lime is usually sprinkled on the bed in two steps two days in a row. The first dusting causes the slugs to actively release mucus to protect against lime. The second (in 10-15 minutes) - actually kills them, since they can not give out more mucus.
However, lime and fertilizer should not be carried away. Otherwise, you can get rid of the slugs, but overfeed the plants and even ruin the soil.
Slaughtering with saltSalt is the killer of slugs. If you do not know how to destroy hand-picked gastropods, send them to the brine.
Therefore, sometimes from slugs, watering the beds with salt water or sprinkling salt around the plants around the plants, or sprinkling salt over the compost heap, where slugs like to flow at night. Again, a rather controversial method of dealing with slugs, because not all plants like chlorine, which is contained in salt. For example, beets will only be glad to water with salt water, and tomatoes are totally against it.
How to poison slugs: chemicals and biological productsWhen the number of slugs is comparable to a flock of locusts and does not take any of the above, it remains to rely on special preparations. Among them are harmless to people and animals: - "Ulitsid" - bait based on iron phosphate. One treatment at a rate of 3-5 grams per square meter is enough and the slugs will disappear, and the remnants of the preparation will recycle the soil microorganisms.
- "Agrozin" - a means for improving the structure of the soil has proven itself in the fight against slugs and snails. The drug is not cheap, but it is enough to make it to the soil once per season (45 milliliters per hundred).