Dvukistovochnik, canary, pharis reed - all these are the names of a single plant that you must have seen more than once. We love grass for landscape designers because of their unpretentiousness and ability to take root in any conditions. The name of the plant was due to the fact that its seeds serve as food for birds, including canaries. Canary grass or silk grass is valued for the beauty of the leaves, unpretentiousness, resistance of shoots to lodging. Dvukistochnik planted on alpine slides, on the edge of the reservoir or along the fence.
Description dvukistochnik or canary reed
Reed canary (Phalaris arundinacea) or dukhistochnik is a perennial plant of the family Cereal. Falyaris distributed throughout the temperate zone of the continents, except for Antarctica. It can grow both in the plain and in the mountains, in dry places and in swamps.
At dvukhistochnika creeping knotty rhizome, growing horizontally, forming nodules with fibrous roots. Its distinguishing feature is the linear color of the leaves (green with white or cream stripes) of different widths depending on the variety. Since mid-summer produces paniculate inflorescences. It grows well in the sunlit places. No less impressive in the shadows.
How to care for the canary
Lanky wet soils are more suitable for the twistweed, but also grows well in dry glades. Clay or sandy soil is most preferred. On fertile soils, the strips appear brighter - the plant becomes more spectacular, it is easier to tolerate heat.
- Young plants do not need moisture as adults. But it is the moisture that determines the brightness of the leaf plates and the growth rate.
- Regular pruning of the spring in the spring at a level of 25-30 cm stimulates the development of dense, thick turf. Inflorescences of canary do not have decorative and better to cut them.
- You can do without dressings. Although the irrigation of ammonia water will benefit the beauty and picturesque leaves.
- Perfectly transfers frosts without any shelter.
Under favorable conditions, the canary can be aggressive, its landing points should be limited.
At one place grows about 6 years. If the aging turfs become loose, then silk grass requires transplanting. Otherwise, it will turn into a weed, losing its decorative effect.
Growing from seed
How to grow canary pharisis from seeds
Canary grass is propagated by seeds that are pre-soaked for early germination. You can sow directly to the garden or in advance in early spring, in March-April, in plastic containers or pots of several pieces each. The seeding depth is 1-1.5 cm, the distance is not less than 2-3 cm between seedlings. Shoots do not keep themselves waiting. And after a few days they brush over the surface of the soil.
Canary seedling photo
It remains only to moisten the soil before the seedlings are transferred to a permanent place. Planting holes are prepared in advance, fertilizing them with organic matter and thoroughly moistening. Transplanted by transfer from container to ground. If there are too many seedlings in the pot, the curtain can be divided into two or more parts. Canary, with proper care, quickly grows and occupies all the territory provided to it.
The vegetative method also presents no difficulty. It all depends on the volume of the plant from which the processes are separated. You can just dig a part of the overgrown bush, sprinkled in the vacant place of nutrient land.
The stalk, cut at the base, easily rooted in wet sand. In just a few days, he will have a beard of white roots. And this is already ready planting material. It is possible to separate with a knife a small nodule with a root and leaves - this process is also ready for planting.
An important condition for any kind of reproduction is timely watering, this ensures successful survival and full development of the grass.
Canary in landscape design
Kanareechnik or dvukistochnik in garden design photo
Canary grass is used in mixed plantings on flowerbeds and flower beds as an accent. You can plant it as a ground cover or background plant. The cut shoots of the Canarya keep their freshness for a long time, being an excellent addition to bouquets. They can be dried using in the preparation of the winter composition.
Dvukistochnik falyaris in landscape design photo
Feels great on the shore of the reservoir, but it can also be located in shallow water in a container. Dvukistochnik can be placed where nothing grows. There is a place for a canary in any household plot, which without any claims will please the owners with originality and simplicity.
Decorative elongated leaves with white and yellow stripes are of great interest to gardeners. However, the flowers of the cane of Pharis do not attract much attention, and therefore it is used in landscape gardening design solely because of its beautiful leaves.
The name canary takes its origin from the distant past, when the seeds of this plant were used as feed for poultry, as well as canaries.
It is interesting to know that the following crops belong to the family of cereals:
- barley maned,
- ground reed,
- timothy grass,
- wheat grass
- bezosti fire,
Canary grass belongs to the family of cereals. The name of the plant comes from the name of the canary. Its seeds in the past were often used to feed poultry, including canaries.
Perennial grows up to 2 m, has a creeping rhizome, pointed long leaves and buds-inflorescences. The color of the leaves is bright green with oblong white or yellow stripes. Propagated by rhizomes. Grown with decorative and fodder purpose. In gardening variegated perennial forms are cultivated. It blooms from mid-summer to early autumn. More than 25 species of canary selected the territory from the steppe zone to the highlands. Wild species are found on the banks of reservoirs. It grows on any soil in Europe, Asia, America.
In the wild form, there are 16 species of canary: phalaris amethystine, phalaris angusta, phalaris aquatic, phalaris arundinacea, phalaris brachystachys, phalaris californica and others.
The most widespread in the plant received canarian and reed canary. Canary Canary Varieties of canary, cultivated in ornamental gardening:
- "Feesey". A characteristic sign of the variety is green leaves with long, longitudinal white stripes. Widely used in landscape design. Poor heat and grows well in spring and autumn,
- "Luteopicta". Owner of unique yellow stripes. In the heat, the bands turn green, and the color of the leaves fades,
- «Picta - one of the oldest decorative cereals. The leaves are green with longitudinal cream stripes,
- "Tricolor" got its name from the fact that during cold periods its green leaves become pinkish.
Two main types of breeding are popular: vegetative and seed.
Even if you are not going to propagate perennials, then it should be borne in mind that after 3-5 years of growth in one place, the canary will grow, and the bush will not keep its shape well. In this case, it will have to seat.
Dividing bush equal parts and transplantation is carried out in early autumn, so that the plant has time to acclimatize for the winter. Before the change in the soil make a nutrient mixture. Planting is carried out at a depth of 10-15 cm, so that the root system can actively develop.
Cuttings - This is the least popular method of reproduction, because it requires planting part of the plant in a nutrient soil with good drainage. In this way, the flylaris can be propagated from May to July.
In addition to dividing the bush and cutting, perennial can be propagated by rhizome and seeds.
In the spring, in April - May, when the soil warms up well, sow the seeds. Seeds of canary The preparation of soil for planting consists of loosening and creating holes.
If the area is rocky or clayey, nutrient soil is added before planting in the wells. Seeds before planting can be germinated before the tip of the seed of the seed.
For germination, seeds are placed under a damp cloth. The soil for planting seeds should be wet. Landing form - breeding.
The distance between the holes of 20-25 cm creates the necessary space for each plant. Shoots appear on the 10-15th day. When the soil dries, they carry out additional watering. A growing plant does not require special care.
Soil preparation includes loosening and installation of restraints for root growth. Canary grass refers to the aggressive forms of vegetation.
Its creeping rhizome very quickly captures new territories. To avoid this, the plant can be planted in an old bucket or in a metal circle, recessed into the soil by 20-30 cm. Planting depth should not exceed 15 cm.
Rhizome very well grow in any soil. For reproduction by rhizomes, a bush is dug together with the roots and divided into several parts. Each part of the bush is seated in a separate pre-watered hole. This way you can seat the flyaris in spring or autumn.
With proper care, cereal perennials will long delight with perfect forms and variegated leaf color. In the first year of life, the plant does not need feeding. During this period, the main effort is applied by the canary to the development of the root system.
Therefore, the height of the bush does not reach the maximum size. To increase the density of the bush it is advisable to trim the leaves. At the end of winter the leaves are pruned. The plant does not need special conditions for wintering.
Despite drought tolerance, canary needs watering. With a lack of moisture leaves become faded. Therefore, the irrigation mode under normal conditions - 1 time in 5 days abundantly. During the summer heat - 1 time in 2-3 days as the soil dries. It should be remembered that only adult plants tolerate drought well.
The plant can grow in moist soil on the banks of reservoirs. But the stagnation of water has a negative effect on its development: the growth of the root system slows down, root decay may begin.
To prevent this, we need good soil drainage. Also, the plant can be planted on a plot with a slope. The slope helps to drain water from the root system.
Plants that can grow in conditions of depleted soil substances do not need additional feeding. Including canary, some species of which grow in the highlands. For these herbs, our soil is quite nutritious.
If the area under the plant is clay or stony, during planting you can make compost at the rate of 50-80 g / sq. m. No need to increase the rate of fertilizer, because overdose will lead to intensive growth of the roots and reduce the stability of the stems.
If the canary is grown for seed to birds, then fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is required. Gardeners also feed fertilizers in early autumn, after the end of the active vegetative period and seed ripening.
Perennial is grown due to the presence of green leaves in the cold season.
Therefore, the annual pruning of plants can be carried out in the spring, in March, before the start of the vegetative period. Pruning a one-year bush practice to increase its thickness.
Use in landscape design
The plant grows well to bushy forms, so it can be used to create plant borders.
The ability to grow in very wet soils makes canary convenient for the design of artificial ponds.
Perennial can land both in the soil and grow in separate containers. Containers can decorate arbors, walking alleys.
On the flowerbed, the canary will be appropriate in the form of accent points, for example, in the center of the composition. The composition may consist of several species of plants. Note that the height of the inflorescence reaches 2 m. Therefore, it is better to place the plant in the center of the composition or on the sides of the flower bed. Perfect fit when placed in an alpine slide.
Difficulties in growing
Canary grass, like other perennial grasses, is subject to decay in the winter-spring period. This contributes to the thaw. The thawed snow freezes overnight and forms an ice crust.
Under the crust rises temperature and humidity. The plant begins to breathe intensively.
There is a consumption of nutrients, canary weakens and is affected by fungi. In the spring, the development of the disease is noticeable due to the lethargy of the leaves and the gray bloom on them. Prevention is proper drainage in the root zone. Do not create water stagnation in the soil, as this contributes to the development of mold and other diseases. If the infection has already occurred, the liming of the soil will prevent the development of the disease.
Diseases and pests
Despite resistance to diseases and pests, for 3-4 years of growth in one place, plants can undergo ordinary cereal diseases and be affected by wireworms, meadow moths and other seed-bearing insects.
Diseases of cereal perennials:
- various types of mold,
- the rot
- powdery mildew,
- leaf and stem smut,
- loose smut
- solid smut
All types of diseases are easily recognized by the color and intensity of plaque on the leaves or the visual presence of rot.
When powdery mildew appears, the plant is sprayed with raster sulfur. The rust and gelmintosporioz of cereals are stopped by the preparations "Vectra". Rates of working solutions are calculated based on the treated area. Since the units indicated on the package are kg / ha, it is necessary to find out the area in meters and determine the right amount of grams for the preparation of the solution.
The main pests of grass are: weevils, moths, thrips, aphids, bedbugs, fleas, seedlings, weevils, mosquitoes, wireworms and other insects. Pest control is carried out with insecticides, depending on the type of insect that hit the plant. The method of applying drugs - spraying.
Growing faryaris is not difficult, even for a novice gardener. The plant tolerates flooding, drought, heat and frost, as well as other weather disasters. If you want to enjoy the magnificent decoration of your flower bed, gazebos for rest or an artificial reservoir without large labor costs and wasted time, choose this plant. Falyaris can be used in the design, either alone or in combination with other perennials.
Use of cane foliar in landscape design
Canary grass is used in flower beds and in mixed flower beds. It is good as a background plant of the background, and as an accent among the different shades of green grass garden. It is important not to forget that the flyaris is very aggressive, it grows quickly, drowning out other species. It has strong creeping rhizomes. When planting a plant among perennials, it is imperative to provide a means of protection. This may be a restrictive mesh in the soil or simply place the rhizome in an old bucket.
Dvukistochnik reed looks great in the dark corners of the garden, where you want to make a light color accent. Since it grows in the penumbra and even in the shade, it is often used as a ground cover plant. Regular haircut shoots allows you to maintain a dense and dense turf.
In any place where nothing grows, it is possible to plant cane flare. It grows well in sunny places, but withstands shading. On a narrow strip of land near the gate, on the edge of the reservoir, at the foot of the retaining wall - this grass is appropriate everywhere and will take root everywhere.
Falaris is used on the shore of a pond (and even in the pond itself), as well as on an alpine hill. When grown as a border plant, it is recommended to regularly prune at the required level.
You can grow flyaris and in a pot, placing it in the water of a pond or dropping a container in rock gardens, mixborders and any desired place. This method allows you to easily limit the spread of the roots.
Canary leaf (cane flapjack) can be used for dry bouquets and flower paintings. In pruning, shoots and leaves retain their freshness for a long time and are an excellent addition to phytocompositions from living plants.
Tips for growing cane fever
Tips for care and growing the most simple - plant and forget. Falyaris reed in most cases will grow itself, without your participation, also capture the territory around the landing site.
Location and lighting. It prefers well-lit sunny places, but also grows excellently in the shade.
The soil. Able to grow on barren dry soil, but prefers moist and loose. It is suitable and sandy, and clay soil, its acidity does not matter.
Breeding. It is easy to separate the rhizome in spring or autumn. You can sow the seeds directly into the soil.
Usually, the overgrown canary bushes dig up and divide the rhizomes with leaves into parts. Delenki take root almost everything, they are planted at a distance of about half a meter from each other.
Канареечник Канарский или канареечное семя
Other names: canary house, canary seed, canary herb, canadian grass. Homeland of origin - the fields and meadows of southern Europe. On the territory of Russia is found as weed wild grass.
Canarian Canarian can be found everywhere, it is extremely unpretentious grass, can sprout on any soil. Annual, bush, densely turf plant with a light green, straight, branched naked at the base of the stem. Plant height up to 1 m.
Propagated only by the seed method. In open ground, seeds are sown in May, after 14 days, the first shoots appear.
The root system is fibrous. Leaves broadly linear, up to 5 and 7 mm in width, spiky, short, rough.
It blooms in June with ovate, rounded, oblong, dense spikelets - panicles, up to 5 cm long. The panicle consists of miniature lanceolate flakes with a smooth edge, a bright shade with a characteristic green longitudinal stripe. The scales at the base are longer, up to 6 mm, the upper ones are smaller and narrower, about 1-3 mm long. In August, fruits ripen - boxes up to 5 mm long.
Annual herbaceous plant no more than 60 cm high. The stem is straight or rising, branched, articulated. The leaves are flat, long, rough on the edge, the base of the leaf often hugs the stem. Inflorescences are spike-shaped, paniculate, light, cylindrical, egg-shaped, up to 5 cm long and up to 2 cm wide, spikelets are scales 3-5 mm long.
canary peculiar (Phalaris paradoxa)
Another name is a strange canary. Zoned variety for Siberia and the Far East, Asia.
Phalaris arundinacea variegata ‘Feesey’
Varietal form of reed canary. The height of the plant is about 80 - 100 cm. The flowering period is July - September. Does not need special care conditions, watering as the soil dries. For better growth, it is recommended to water moderately, no more than 3 times a week. The lack of moisture in the soil does not harm the plants, but this is reflected in the decoration. Prefers open light areas, also grows well in partial shade.
The leaves are long, with light longitudinal stripes of a more saturated bright color. A characteristic feature - with a decrease in temperature, in spring and autumn, the stems and leaf plates become pink.
Varietal form of reed canary, unblown inflorescence - dark red panicles - spikelets. Prefers a wetter soil, while drought-resistant. It grows equally well in partial shade and in open sunny areas. Up to 1 m in height, the leaves are white-green. In autumn and spring at low temperatures, the stem and leaves become more saturated pink color.
The most popular cultural form of reed silk grass. It grows quickly, prefers moist fertilized soil. Most often used in gardening. Variety grows up to 2 m in height. The leaves are long, with a characteristic longitudinal stripe of pale yellow color along the entire length of the leaf.
Herbaceous plant up to 2 m high, with long, straight, white and green striped leaves. As the temperature decreases, a pink hue appears on the leaf blades, which can continue to persist. Drought resistant variety, prefers moist and moist soil.
Dvukistochnik reed Elegantissima
- This plant grows in temperate zones of the Eurasian continent and in North America. In its domesticated form, it is a variegated perennial species with a long rhizome. Its height is 1-1.2 m.
- Light green linear leaves with white, cream or yellow stripes located in the center or along the edges, look spectacular and attractive.
- Blooms spike-shaped flowers, collected in inflorescences-panicles.
- It is a frost-resistant variety, the stems and leaves of which do not droop when it is freezing, although their color changes from this.
- In spite of the fact that the white-crawled dukistovik is a drought-resistant plant, it constantly needs moisture. This plant reveals all the beauty and decorativeness, growing on fertile soil.
- In temperate climates, this flower grows best in a sunny place. In the regions of subtropics and tropics, it needs shading.
- This is a rapidly growing ground cover plant that is readily used in landscape design. In the garden, a yellow poisoned grassland is grown in mixborders near water bodies.
The decorative and deciduous cereal plant reaching 1 m in height. Like other varieties, leaves of light green color have white longitudinal stripes. The peak of decorativeness of this type falls on the cold season, when a pink shade appears on the leaves. By the way, it can persist the summer period.
Falyaris Tricolor blooms for two months, starting in early July and ending in late August. It is winter-hardy and grows well in sunny places with little shading. It tolerates pruning. It prefers to grow in moist, moist soil, although it belongs to the group of drought-resistant plants. This view looks beautiful in the cut and at the reservoirs.
Canary grassland or silk grass
This spectacular annual plant, reaching 50-100 cm in height. The area of growth - the Mediterranean. This name was a canary due to its purpose. Its seeds are food for birds, including canaries. Stems tall, erect.
Large panicle inflorescences consist of small awlless spikelets. Flowers in the form of shishichek bloom in the middle of summer. This grade is propagated by seeds. Its description includes: high frost resistance, resistance to drought and diseases.
Falyaris shooter or "Snow Pink"
Magnificent newly-minted perennial hybrid. It differs from the previous varieties by leaf color of greenish-blue color with pronounced white stripes. The length of the leaves is 50-60 cm.
This plant looks spectacular near ponds, alpine slides, curbs and in the pool for swimming, combined with a pond.
Planting and caring for fararis in open ground
To grow this grass is not difficult, even for a beginner florist. After all, this is a plant that easily tolerates flooding, drought and extreme cold.
- In favorable growing conditions, the flyaris is an aggressive plant that begins to actively develop and clog the plot. Therefore, for decorating small gardens, less aggressive species are planted.
- To stop the rapid growth, the flyaris is planted in special containers. If planting is planned in open ground, it means that the place of growth should be limited with the help of wide metal plates.
- Cultivation of phalaris carried out by the seed method. Seeds are planted superficially in plastic and shallow containers with well-moistened soil. To speed up the germination process, seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours before sowing.
- From above, the crops are sprinkled with a 3 cm layer of earth, sprayed with a spray bottle and placed in a warm room with a temperature of 21-23 degrees. At higher temperatures, seedlings will emerge faster.
- Young plants are not as demanding in moisture as adults. The amount of moisture will depend on the color of the leaves and their growth.
In combination with other inhabitants of the reservoirs - sedge, nymphs, arrowhead, lush plant of flyaris, looks spectacular and very beautiful. Caring for phalaris is very simple, all it needs is periodic watering and weed removal.
Watering and moisture
Like all grasses, the two-woody reed is resistant to drought, but prefers to grow in moist or moist soil. Well survives on the shores of natural and artificial reservoirs. But stagnation of water can adversely affect the development of the root system - up to the rotting of the roots. To avoid this, it is necessary to provide high-quality drainage of the soil, or to plant plants in areas with a slope to the reservoir, near the pond, in order for the plant to provide natural drainage of excess moisture.
Canary grass does not need special feeding schemes, it lacks nutrients from the soil. When planting on clay or rocky soils, you can make a little compost. On depleted soils (during the autumn digging), it is advisable to feed potash fertilizers. To improve the ornamental plantings and enhance the contrast of leaf color, you can add a little nitrogenous fertilizer 1 time per season (when watering).
In order for the turf to remain dense and dense, and the plantings maintain decorativeness and freshness, it is necessary to periodically trim the plant at a level of 25-30 cm. Canary inflorescences are homely and do not represent decorative value, therefore they are removed. In the dried form panicle dvukistochnik used in floristics to create autumn bouquets and other compositions.
At the end of the season, the bushes are cut off at the root or are cleaned by a sharply sharpened hoe. If the canary used as a ground cover plant and planting occupy a large area, then you can simply mow it with a scythe. This is done in order not to cut off the old leaves in the spring, when there is a chance to damage the young shoots.
Restriction of growth of rhizome
When planting cane cane should be borne in mind that it is extremely aggressive - it grows quickly, capturing new territories and suppressing weaker plants. To prevent this from happening, choose the most cultivated variegated varieties, and also limit the places of its growth to stripes of garden tape, metal, slate and other suitable materials. Limiters dig into the ground to a depth of 20-25 cm. You can immediately plant a plant in containers.