If you have a private plot, and there is a choice of which berry bushes are best to plant, then raspberries should be among the first applicants. We will tell you about the raspberry variety Patricia. Planting and caring for it will not be difficult, if you follow some rules. They are not complicated at all. Raspberry is considered the most unpretentious garden shrubs.
The merits of the variety
From the variety of modern types of raspberries we chose the most popular among amateur gardeners - this is Patricia raspberry. Description of the variety will begin with a listing of its merits.
The most important of them are excellent consumer qualities of berries. They are large - with good care they grow up to 4 cm, very sweet, and the bones are almost invisible. Up to 11 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush. Than to feed raspberries to get such fruits, we will tell below. Another indisputable advantage - winter hardiness. Even if the thermometer drops to -34 degrees Celsius, the bushes will not freeze. Nevertheless, in areas with severe winters, young shoots should be protected.
Raspberries are valuable not only berries. With a cold, you can brew leaves and stems and drink like diaphoretic tea. In addition, the leaves contain a large amount of vitamin C, A, PP, and vitamins of group B. In the berries - a large percentage of biometals in an easily digestible form - this is potassium, magnesium, copper and iron. They are indispensable for the normalization of blood, strengthen the myocardium and improve the immune system.
Raspberry jam and compote perfectly preserve the properties of the berries. In the winter you can dry and freeze the fruit. With this preparation, they also remain very healthy and tasty.
Raspberry is not contraindicated in patients with diabetes. Xylitol, which has no energy value, gives it a sweet taste.
Choosing a place
By purchasing seedlings of raspberry Patricia, take care of a good place for her. Choosing the right place, you are 50% ensure a great harvest. The remaining 50% is caring for the bushes. Raspberry loves well-lit, elevated places, protected from strong winds. It is more correct to plant bushes along the fence at a distance of 70-100 cm from it. Between the bushes should be no less than a meter of free space. Shrubs should be able to branch well and not interfere with each other - berries are formed at the ends of the branches. As for the supports, they are placed near each bush and they stretch the rope on which the branches are laid in order to prevent breaking - the raspberry branches are fragile enough.
What kind of soil does raspberry patricia prefer? Description of the variety indicates that light, sandy, with neutral acidity will be most suitable. If on your site it is too heavy - deoxidize it with lime, dolomite flour or chalk. It is better to do this in the fall or spring, until the snow melted. With a later introduction there is a risk of burning young green shoots. On one square. a square meter is enough one cup of lime. As a rule, this is done once every 10-15 years. Well deoxidizes wood ash. It, like chalk, can be made even in summer.
Having provided your bushes with good soil, you will never know what a raspberry can do to Patricia. Reviews gardeners agree that under the bushes need to regularly pour crushed shell from raw or boiled eggs. From this berries will be larger.
For each bush it is necessary to prepare a hole. Since the roots of the raspberry are located in the surface layer of the soil, the depth of the planting pit may not exceed the height of the spade bayonet, but the diameter must be not less than 50 cm. Dumped manure mixed with compost, sand and wood ash should be laid at the bottom of the pit. Roots carefully laid out, watered and sprinkled with earth. To avoid drying of the upper layer, they mulch with straw.
If Patricia raspberry appeared in your garden, the description of the variety says that it is almost the same as any other carer. This is a perennial plant with a two-year development cycle. Fruits appear on the shoots of the second year. One shrub of our variety should have one or two fruitful shoots and the same number of shoots of replacement. Old branches should be broken down and burned before winter. During the growing season it is necessary to maintain the soil under the bushes in a wet state. It is best to water in the evening, irrigating the ground at the base of the bushes. During the night the earth will be saturated and the roots will be wet all day. If after irrigation mulching is carried out, then the number of irrigations can be reduced to once a month. During the flowering and fruiting period, it is sufficient to water abundantly once a week. At one place, the plant feels good for 10-15 years. Then you should update the bushes and transplant to another place.
In September, the plot should begin to prepare for the winter. Raspberry Patricia (a description of the variety contains this information) is winter-hardy, but in areas with severe winters it is necessary to protect the root system and young shoots from freezing. Raspberries are not afraid of frost, but it does not tolerate thaws with subsequent frosts. The escaping shoots should be removed, and the young ones should be bent to the ground, secured and covered with spruce leaves or special covering material. In March, the bushes open, and shoots are shortened to one meter.
Beginner gardeners are always a lot of questions, in particular about how to feed the raspberries in order to get a good harvest. As a rule, it is enough that fertilizer that was laid in the planting pit. Garden foliage, rotted over the winter, is also an excellent organic fertilizer. In the spring, before budding, the ground under the bushes should be loosened along with foliage and crushed with crushed eggshell. It is not recommended to overfeed raspberries, otherwise it will fatten, that is, give an extensive growth, which will pull the juice from the mother bush.
Raspberry pests affect only neglected bushes. With good soil, sufficient watering, light and sparseness, raspberries will not cause any problems. If, nevertheless, gray fly larvae, a kidney moth, a escaping galitsa, a weevil or a raspberry beetle appeared, then spray the bushes with karbofos solution.
It is more difficult to destroy such pests of raspberry, as spores of pathogenic fungi.
Infection can be seen on the spots on the leaves. Bordeaux liquid, nitrafene solution or urea solution will help here. All bushes, not only sick, but also those that grow next to them, sprayed twice in the summer - before flowering and after harvest. Affected branches are cut and burned.
A final tip: purchase Patricia raspberry seedlings only from trusted vendors. Choose the strongest, with a well-developed root system and healthy kidneys. Be sure to consult the seller on how to care. Despite the fact that we have given the most complete information, there is always an amendment to the region in which you live - the conditions for growing raspberries in Siberia and in the Crimea are very different.
Short description of raspberry patrician variety
The patrician variety in the classification lists is inscribed in the string of ordinary varieties. Fruits once a year. A characteristic feature of the variety gardeners indicate the period of fruiting: It starts in early June and lasts until mid-August.Red raspberry patrician
The popularity of the patrician berries is related to the size of the berries, high productivity, with rich taste and wonderful aroma.
Advantages and disadvantages
A lot has been said about the benefits of this raspberry variety, which explains why so many gardeners choose a patrician. One likes the considerable size of the berries, the other - the sweet taste. There are also those that decorate patrician gardens with raspberry bushes, because the appearance of the variety allows it.
Let's take a quick look at the benefits of the patrician variety..
- Indicators of resistance to temperature contrasts and frosts. The variety is not afraid of frost, even in -34 degrees. It seems incredible, because traditional varieties are dying already at -15 degrees.
- Yield level - 2-3 times higher than raspberry varieties of this group.
- Taste of berries: “Giants” varieties lose on taste, but this does not concern the patrician variety at all.
- Minimum the number of seeds in the berries.
- Big berries easier to collect.
- Resistant variety to most of the classic diseases.
- Growth and bush development.
It is impossible to name any horticultural culture, which would be characteristic only advantages. Everywhere there is room for flaws. The weak points of the patrician variety are:
- Bush heightwhich complicates harvesting.
- Permanent careassociated with the lush growth and weight of the crop.
- Berry rot in conditions of excess moisture.
Raspberry varieties have both advantages and disadvantages. Original, peculiar only patrician variety, flaws do not exist. These are traditional diseases, which are also opposed by traditional methods.
Bushes and berries of this variety: features
The appearance of this raspberry variety is emphasizedly impressive. Patrician shrubs reach a height of 1.8 m. Berries in their mass grow from the middle to the top of the bush. Bushes are very thick. This creates considerable difficulties in the care, but allows the plant to bear fruit abundantly.
It is worth noting the resistance of the plant, adaptation to the local climate. Patricia leaves do not burn on hot summer days.. Raspberries do not need planting in areas with shade; in open areas they harvest the same crop.Patricia raspberry bushes with berries
Overgrown shoots constantly appear on patrician bushes. As a result, not everyone manages to keep their bushes in a well-groomed form. Unnecessary shoots have to cut constantly. Stems - resistant. When large yields often do not withstand the loads of giant berries (4-12 g). Berries are not showered from the bushes for several weeks.
The variety is known for the quality of its fruits. Patrician berries are used in culinary products: for decorating cakes, making sweets, jelly, etc., because they have very few seeds. It is a large number of them in some varieties of raspberry is an obstacle to the creation of culinary masterpieces, because the seeds have a negative effect on taste.
Planting and Care Rules
Bushes take root in a new place is not easy. Berries in the first week can dry out. This situation occurs if the roots for a long time were in a dry environment. Therefore, directly patricia bushes should be watered generously before planting, planted only after cutting lateral processes on the roots.
If you made sure that the bushes of this variety are well rooted, we should expect their violent growth and development. This will directly affect the yield. Patricians have a peculiar increased metabolism of organic substances and minerals, which increases its vital signs.
Patrician bushes grow very actively, and since the bush becomes very dense, need to constantly prune new shoots. Also, individual stems will have to be tied up so that they do not break under the weight of a bountiful harvest of “giant” berries. Gardeners often create original cylinders - a building with supports, to which the entire bush is then tied up.Cropping young raspberry shoots
Caring for raspberry varieties patricia emphatically simplified: excludes powder, earth, insulation in any way, covering with snow. These benefits are estimated by the owners of hectares with planted raspberries.
Care should be taken about the level of fertilizer. If you do not have enough nutrients, then you risk getting deformed berries that have lost their conical shape. To prevent this from happening, use phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers. Enhance the bushes recommended twice a year. Otherwise, you can not count on bulk yields.
Patricia shrubs are sprayed from pests in the same way as other varieties of ordinary raspberries.
If you grow a variety at home, you should expect from a single bush 11 kg of raspberries. If you professionally grow a patrician in large areas, the harvest will be from 10 to 27 tons / ha. If you take into account the usual varieties of raspberries, where the maximum yield does not exceed 4-5 kg per bush and 8t / ha, this is a clear advantage. Especially because patrician is one of the most delicious varieties.Harvesting raspberries
The taste of patrician berries is very clear. A still not ripe greenish berries feel sour. By the way, many raspberry lovers love this taste. The ripe berries taste very sweet. Even when making jam, you only need to add the minimum amount of sugar so that it does not turn out too sweet.
Patrician berries have a characteristic form elasticity.which is very important when harvesting. Collecting raspberries, you can not worry that she chokes in a bucket. In addition, raspberry retains its freshness for several days. Excellent presentation allows you to easily find buyers for your raspberry crop.
Diseases and pests
The patrician variety is resistant to diseases that often harm ordinary varieties.
Raspberries, at the level of the best standard varieties, characterized by resistance to such diseasesas didimella, anthracnose, botrytis. On the other hand, the patrician is very susceptible to phytophthora, which requires gardeners to resort to permanent measures in the fight against this disease.Fight against blight on raspberries
Vasily, 54 years old. - In my garden, raspberry varieties Patricia appeared relatively recently. I have a small plot, but I was amazed at the yield. And the berries themselves have such an underlined appearance. Great for sale. There are no particular problems with the situation if you have good soil and you understand a lot about fertilizers.
Nikolay, 43 years old. - I tried this variety, but it is clearly for those who are professionally engaged in the cultivation of raspberries. To care for Patricia, you must have time. I did not appear at the dacha very often. As a result, the bushes are overgrown, the crop was not as good as I expected, and it was not easy to collect it in these thickets.
Sergey, 39 years old. - I have been practicing raspberries for many years and the Patricia variety is one of my favorites. If you provide professional care, then regular bulk yields are guaranteed. I sell raspberries in bulk, and the sustainability of the Patrician berries is very important to me.
Raspberries patrician varieties have a number of important advantages, with a minimum number of drawbacks. Great for growing berries with a view to their implementation. At observance of all rules and conditions on leaving guarantees steadily high yields. Weather resistance is different.. In general, it is the optimal raspberry variety for cultivation in our climatic conditions.
The origin of the raspberry variety "Patricia" and the main characteristics of the culture
The large-fruited raspberry variety “Patricia” was bred by the English breeder Jennings more than thirty years ago. Moscow professor Kichina V. V. in 1986 began work on a variety to increase yields and resistance to diseases. She managed to get a highly productive renewed raspberry variety “Patricia”, which was registered in 1992.
Today raspberries of this variety are grown in a temperate climate zone. The culture has a good winter hardiness, almost not affected by pests and does not get sick.
Full description of the patricia raspberry and variety photo
Raspberries of this variety form a tall bush with upright shoots. The standard plant height is about two meters. Sprawling shoots, brown-red color, practically without thorns. Raspberry leaves are wrinkled, large, slightly pubescent, dark green.
Fruits grade 2/3 escape. Fruit branches are well developed, each forms at least 20 berries. Raspberries are large, slightly pubescent, cone-shaped, the color is saturated, dark. To taste the berries are juicy, sweet, fairly fragrant, contain few seeds.
Shrubs are fast growing, come into fruition in the second year after planting. Productivity is high, from a bush collect up to 10 kg of berries. In cold and wet summer, the yield is somewhat lower, but it does not fall less than 5 kg from a bush. Peak fruiting occurs in the third year of cultivation. The berries begin to sing at the end of June, the crop is harvested within a month.
How to choose a varietal seedling and plant raspberry "Patricia"
It is better to buy raspberry seedlings in a specialized nursery, where all cultures are treated for diseases and pests, and are well immune.
When buying, pay attention to the state of the root system and the kidneys. The roots of the seedling must be well developed, healthy. Raspberry shoots before purchase shorten by 25 cm. Such seedlings are successfully stored in a cool room for about a day.
Raspberries are planted in spring and autumn, it depends on the climate zone in which the shrub will grow. In the south, raspberries are planted in both spring and autumn. But in the northern regions of the autumn planting is not carried out.
Raspberries are placed in a well-lit, windless place with fertile soil. The plot should not be swamped, otherwise the bush will die. The plant root system is demanding on soil moisture.
Перед посадкой грядку хорошо вскапывают, удаляют сорняки, подкармливают компостом и минеральными удобрениями. Посадочные ямы делают на расстоянии не менее 50-60 см друг от друга. Если планируется выращивать культуру рядовым способом, то между рядами оставляют до 1,5 м. Дно лунок хорошо дренируют. After planting, the root zone is well mulched with organic material.
Raspberry Care: Patricia Grade Pruning and Winterizing
Raspberries require special care, proper watering, fertilizing and timely formation of the bush.
Water the plant by sprinkling or under the root. At the same time try not to fall on the flowers. Watering on the sheet is carried out in the evening, so that the leaves of the plant are well dried. Experienced gardeners recommend sticking to the following irrigation scheme:
• at the beginning of summer, the bushes are watered moderately,
• during the formation of the ovary watering increase,
• at the end of the summer and until the autumn watering is carried out as needed, rarely.
If autumn was rainy, the culture is not watered at all.
Feed raspberries three times per season. The first time fertilizers are applied to green buds. Then during flowering and after fruiting. As dressings use ready-made mineral mixtures or superphosphate. One plant consumes up to 5 kg of fertilizer per season.
Raspberry "Patricia" has its own agrotechnical features. The variety is grown only on the trellis or supports. Fruit shoots are too long, often breaking from the severity of the berries. Tie raspberries with soft twine.
Crop varieties carried out several times per season. In the spring, all the shoots are removed, and the shoots are shortened by 4-5 buds. In early summer, branches are shortened to 1 m to stimulate the growth of fruit shoots. In the autumn, the plant is thinned, leaving only 5-6 of the most powerful shoots.
In the northern regions, raspberries are not grown without shelter. With the onset of cold weather, everyone escapes from the supports and is tilted to the ground, after which the frame protection is installed.
Growing patricia raspberries is not that difficult. The variety is not too capricious, but requires basic care.
Description Raspberry Patricia
The raspberry variety Patricia appeared in the UK, with a gardener and breeder Derek Jennings. He belongs to the group of elite cultures.
The plant is well proven. Bushes almost 2 meters high. Up to 10 replacement shoots appear annually, as well as several bottom shoots. Young shoots without thorns, the leaf is bright green and slightly wrinkled. The young leaves are slightly red. The fruits are cone-shaped, rather large, reaching a weight of up to 10 grams and above. The color of the berries is purple, slight susceptibility to deformation during ripening. The average yield of the variety is 5 kg, with good care, suitable weather conditions, the yield can increase up to 8 kg from one bush. Where there are very cold winters, below 35 degrees Celsius, the bushes should be protected by placing the branches closer to the ground and covering them with snow.
Although raspberries have a lot of advantages, what about the other side of the coin?
Now consider the disadvantages:
- the first couple of years the yield is low,
- poor transportability of the harvested berries,
- slight immunity to various diseases
- not everyone likes big bones,
- the main “disease”: a very large number of young shoots
- over-ripe berries are prone to rot, which is actively moving to healthy berries,
- very high shoots requiring treatment (pruning and attaching to the trellis).
Considering the peculiarities of the “Patricia”, it should be planted exactly for the future, with the expectation of excellent yields in a couple of years. Just like all other varieties, this raspberry is also distinguished by unpretentiousness during cultivation and care.
Planting raspberry patricia
Successful breeding of this raspberry initially depends on the proper farming practices. Of great importance is the choice of the place raspberry. It is suitable for quite light, slightly sandy land, with neutral acidity of the soil. “Patricia” prefers good illumination, protection from winds, higher places. The best landing option is along the south side of the fence. Planting plants produced in spring or autumn. Two saplings are planted in each hole, the interrow distance is not less than 180 cm. The distance between the planting holes in the row is not less than 70 cm. Raspberry also requires support. It is very good to use galvanized wire with a diameter of at least 4 mm for this purpose. For the best culture, weak shoots are always removed, leaving on average up to 7 strong growths per bush. The rest of the young in the early summer is completely removed. Such an operation can significantly increase the yield.
A place under the raspberries is carefully prepared, taking into account all the nuances of growing a tall culture. This all concerns fertilizer, maintenance, installation of a trellis support system.
Distinctive features - advantages and disadvantages
Raspberry Patricia has several advantages:
- large berries,
- high yield
- unpretentiousness to external conditions,
- good taste,
- not prone to falling,
- frost resistance
- resistance to diseases (didimella, anthracnose).
The disadvantages of Patricia are:
- after the landing of the raspberry, the maximum yield is obtained in two years,
- berries do not tolerate transportation,
- a large number of shoots
- ripe berries are affected by rot,
- the need for care (tying and trimming).
- The external characteristics of Patricia Raspberry are as follows:
- sprawling bush
- height up to 1.8 m
- annually raspberry produces 6-10 substitution shoots,
- the number of basal branches reaches 7,
- young stems are straight, do not have thorns,
- large wrinkled leaves of dark green color.
The fruits of the Patricia variety have the following characteristics:
- conical shape
- large raspberry berries weighing 4-12 g
- large bones,
- purple color
- possible deformation during ripening,
- good taste.
The raspberry variety Patricia bears fruit once during the season. The yield from one bush is 4-5 kg. Under favorable weather conditions and dressings, up to 8 kg of berries are harvested from the plant.
The variety stands out for its long fruiting. Ripe berries begin to pick in June and continue until mid-August.
Landing dates and site selection
Plant raspberries need spring or autumn. For planting, it is recommended to choose the autumn period (late September or early October) so that the plant has time to adapt to new conditions before the onset of cold weather.
Under the raspberry plant a well-lit area is diverted. Raspberries Patricia can grow in the shade, but it adversely affects the ripening periods and the qualities of the berries. Rows with landings are located from north to south, then they will be constantly illuminated by the sun.
For the cultivation of raspberries choose a plot on an elevation where there is no accumulation of moisture. The location of groundwater should be 1 m or more.
Raspberry Patricia prefers light fertile soils with good moisture and breathability. Before planting, they dig up the soil, eliminate weeds, fertilize with humus or peat.
Scheme and technology of landing
Patricia raspberry planting takes place according to the following order:
- For raspberries, they prepare holes or a trench with a depth of 40 cm. In large areas between the rows, 2-2.5 meters should be left.
- Compost (4 kg), superphosphate (80 g) and potassium sulfate (40 g) are introduced into the landing pit.
- Seedlings are located at a distance of 0.25-0.5 m from each other.
- Raspberry roots straighten, and the pit is covered with earth.
- The soil around the seedlings trampled and perform abundant watering of plants.
- Sapling pruned to a height of 20-25 cm.
- It is very important to fence patricia raspberries. To do this, drive a few wooden or iron pillars, between which tension the wire or set the transverse strips.
Recommendations for growing and care
Raspberry Patricia watered when the onset of dry and hot weather. In the absence of moisture bushes and berries can dry out. If precipitation periodically falls in the region, then no additional moisture is required.
Increased soil moisture contributes to the development of fungal diseases.
When watering, the soil is moistened to a depth of 40 cm. Additionally, Patricia raspberries are watered in May before flowering and during fruit ripening. In autumn, the last podzimny irrigation is performed.
After watering, the soil is loosened under the bushes, which ensures the enrichment of the soil with oxygen, the absorption of moisture and nutrients. Then it is better to mulch the soil so that the moisture evaporates more slowly. For Patricia raspberries, you can use peat, compost, straw, conifer needles.
To obtain a good crop of raspberry Patricia, several supplements are carried out during the season:
- in the spring make a mullein, diluted with water at a ratio of 1:10,
- in the summer, bone meal is used as a top dressing, which contains a complex of mineral substances and serves as mulch,
- at the end of the summer, after gathering the berries, they spread wood ash over the beds,
- in the autumn, every two years, the soil under the raspberries is dug up, compost and fertilizers are applied under each bush: superphosphate (60 g) and potassium salt (40 g).
Nitrogen substances are used to feed Patricia raspberries only in the fall, as they contribute to the growth of green mass. Top dressings are brought in the form of solution or are filled in in soil.
Patricia raspberry varieties are propagated in the following ways:
- With sprigs growing on raspberry roots. For reproduction choose the most healthy bushes, growing at a distance of 30 cm from the main bush. They are dug in early autumn and transplanted into prepared wells.
- Root cuttings. They are obtained by digging a adventitious root, located at a distance of 40 cm from the main bush. Patricia's raspberry root is cut into pieces 10 cm long, which are planted in furrows.
- Green cuttings. Patricia’s raspberry seedlings are chosen with 2 leaves that have reached 10 cm. They are cut off from the ground and placed in a root formation stimulator for 16 hours. Then they are planted for a month in the greenhouse for rooting, and then transferred to a permanent place.
Proper pruning of raspberries Patricia stimulates fruiting bushes. The first pruning is carried out in mid-June, when the branches reach a height of 70 cm. Crop young shoots need 10 cm to stimulate the development of lateral stems. Over the summer, shoots up to 50 cm in length will grow in the leafy axils, which will produce the Patricia raspberry crop next year.
The following spring, the second pruning is done. The upper part of the branches is shortened by 15 cm. As a result, the development of buds and ovaries is stimulated in Patricia’s raspberry. In the spring, old, dry and broken shoots should be cut with a secateur.
Harvesting and processing
Patricia berries are not subject to long-term storage. Therefore, they are processed immediately after collection. From raspberry of this grade receive jam, compotes, jellies, fillings for pies.
Raspberry Patricia is applied fresh. Its fruits are low-calorie, rich in vitamins and trace elements. In combination with fresh strawberries, it is used to make juices and smoothies.
Reviews gardeners about raspberries Patricia
Evgenia, 37 years old, Moscow
Patricia is an excellent large-fruited variety. We grow it over 15 years. The berry grows to 12 grams. The shoots are almost two meters long and we set a trellis for them. The first crop of raspberry shoots in the second half of June.
Vasily, 59 years old, Samara
Raspberry Patricia grow the fifth year. Over the past two years, the variety has pleased a good harvest. Regularly feed up landing, then removed from weave to 100 kg. For the sale of a variety does not fit: the berries fall apart and give the juice. But from this raspberry tasty jam turns out.
Lyudmila, 43 years old, Kursk
Patricia variety is one of the most delicious on my site. Particularly pleased with the lack of spikes on the shoots, so the berries are very convenient to collect. The largest fruits have a curved shape, there are even double ones. Then come the usual berries. It is necessary to collect them in time so that they do not have time to rot.
Patricia variety is distinguished by large fruits and good yield. Berries need to be removed in time to prevent their rotting. Raspberries need standard care, which is watering, feeding and pruning.
Characteristic raspberry patricia
The large-fruited raspberry belongs to the early varieties, bearing fruit once a season. The advantages of culture are frost resistance (up to -30 ° C), unpretentiousness, resistance to high temperature and many ailments, high sweetness in berries, excellent preservation of fruits due to their elasticity. Raspberry Patricia - detailed description of the variety:
- bush - sprawling, upright, rising to 2 m,
- the stems have a slightly brownish color,
- leaves are light green, slightly pubescent, wrinkled, have an average size, become reddish after blooming,
- shoots - purple color, beshipnye, covered with a waxy bloom,
- up to 20 berries will be born on one branch,
- the fruits have the shape of a truncated cone, velvety, bright purple in color, weighing 7-14 grams,
- productivity - 4-10 kg from a bush.
Raspberry Patricia - Maturation
Elite raspberry Patricia in the description is listed as early maturing. Fruiting culture is continuous and continuous - from the second half of July to mid-August. When ripe, the berries do not crumble for a long time, they do not spoil and do not rot. Patricia bears fruits on the sprouts of the last season, a rich harvest should be counted from the third year of the plant's life, the first two fruits are not so plentiful. With proper care, the yield from one bush is average - 4-5 kg, it can reach 10 kg per season.
Raspberry Patricia - landing
Patricia raspberry seedlings are rooted to the ground in the spring (before budding) or in the fall (from mid-September to the first half of November). For breeding, they acquire sprouts with three well-marked buds at the base and strong roots. Raspberries ideally take root on loamy, black earth, sandy lands with neutral acidity. For rooting pick up the site in a place lighted and protected from the winds. Before planting the land is fertilized:
- in the autumn, either 6 kg of manure, 60 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium per 1 m 2 are scattered around in the spring or spring for digging,
- recharge plan for 5 months before planting seedlings.
- on the ground they dig a hole with a diameter and a depth of 40 cm,
- put a compost layer of 10 cm at the bottom,
- seedling from the container is placed in the hole, sprinkled with earth,
- around the bush the substrate is rammed,
- make a hole deep into 30 cm into which 10 liters of water are poured,
- bush mulch sawdust or straw,
- after 10-15 days, the sapling is cut to a height of 30 cm from the ground,
- the distance between the bushes should be 70 cm, the width of the rows between rows - 1.5 m, so that they have the opportunity for branching.
Raspberry Patricia Variety - Cultivation and Care
For Patricia's garden raspberries, planting and care consist of timely watering, watering, pruning, and protection against parasites. The culture easily endures frosts down to -30 ° C, with more cold in the winter, trunks are covered with sawdust, the branches are pressed to the ground, under the snow. With the appearance of ice crust, it is necessary to make holes for the access of air. In summer, when the heat is high, the bushes will be shaded with special nets to prevent them from drying out.
Raspberry Patricia - Watering
Large-fruited raspberries Patricia requires careful watering - lack or excess water adversely affect the quality and volume of the crop. Moisturize it as the soil dries out in such a quantity of liquid that the ground gets wet by 30-40 cm deep. In the summer, Patricia raspberries are watered only when there is a strong drought. The main moisture produced in the fall, when laid the points of growth of shoots and roots. Water culture in the evening, so that overnight the earth is well soaked. Mulching the soil with straw or old grass will help to avoid drying out the surface layer of the soil.
Raspberry Patricia - Fertilizer
The raspberry variety Patricia needs different dressings. With a shortage of useful elements of the berries are deformed, lose their conical shape. Top dressing rules:
- Nitrogen-containing compounds are made every year in the spring at the rate of 15 g of urea per 1 m 2.
- Phosphorus-potassium compounds are introduced at the end of May or the beginning of summer: 10 liters of water are added to 1 m 2 with the addition of 60 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt.
- In autumn, the area is fertilized with rotted manure: 6 kg / m 2. It will warm the raspberries in winter, and in the spring will give impetus to the active growing season.
- Potassium and phosphorus are the main nutrients of raspberries in the fall. 60 grams of superphosphate and 40 grams of potassium are added to one bush, and the depth of digging for digging, in order not to damage the roots, is 7 cm.
Raspberry Patricia - Pruning
Patricia raspberry grows actively, because the bush becomes very thick, it must be cut off. Also, the stems are recommended to tie up so that they do not break under the weight of the fruit. To do this, they pivot the supports with a height of 1.2 m along the rows, and draw a wire between them. Raspberry Patricia - a detailed description of the trim:
- In the autumn thinning bush - remove shoots and sprouting branches. Since the raspberry variety Patricia belongs to plants with a development cycle of two years, the fruits appear on them on last year’s branches. On one bush 3-5 well-developed annual shoots are left, the old ones are cut at the root.
- In June, shoots are removed to maintain crop quality. In late May, shoots are reduced to a level of 80-90 cm in order to stimulate the growth of young lashes and increase yield.
- In early August, sprouts are cut to a height of 1.5 m from the ground. This helps to increase the size of berries, their quantity and quality.
Patricia Large Raspberry - Diseases and Pests
Variety Patricia with normal light and timely watering resistant to infections and parasites, especially to the defeat of raspberry aphids. When neglected planting plant infects insects. Weevil, bud moth, stem halitsa can harm the crop. Raspberry Patricia has a variety description, which says that planting and care require a special approach in terms of preventing diseases. Систематический осмотр кустов позволит обнаружить вредителей на раннем этапе:
- долгоносик повреждает цветки, проявляется наличием кустов без бутонов,
- малинный жук портит листву,
- почковая моль проявляется засыханием почек, при разломе побега видна гусеница,
- стеблевая галица - на ветвях видны бурые пятна, потом отмирает кора.
When they are detected, the plant must be treated with insecticides, for example, karbofos. Chlorosis is dangerous for Patricia, it appears yellowing foliage, then the shoots become thinner and die. Sick bush must be completely removed and burned. Spores of pathogenic fungi, which appear as gray, lilac spots on the leaves, are fought with the help of 1% Bordeaux mixture. Processing is carried out twice - before budding and after picking berries. In the autumn, digging the ground between the rows is carried out, all diseased shoots after pruning are taken out of the raspberries and burned.
Description and distinctive features of the variety
It is possible to grow Patricia raspberry varieties in a temperate climate zone: Middle and southern Russia, Central and Southern Europe, the Caucasus, etc.
Characteristics of raspberry Patricia indicates the characteristics of the variety, its distinctive features.
The variety deserves attention, first of all, due to a large number of tasty berries, its presentation. In addition, the variety is frost-resistant, practically not susceptible to diseases and pests.
Raspberry bushes are straight, slightly sprawling. Standard height - 1.6-1.8 m. Shoots are not prickly, because there are no thorns on them. The color of the bark varies from light brown and red-brown dark. In addition, the stems are coated with wax and pubescent.
The leaves are large, also pubescent, slightly wrinkled. The color of the leaf depends on its “age”.
Younger, at the stage of blooming - brown or red-brown, blooming - light green, mature - dark green. The leaf has, as a rule, five leaflets with urban edges.
Fruit twigs are formed in the middle of the bush and further up the stem. Well developed, elongated. On each of them grows 15-20 berries.
Fruits are large, cone-shaped, velvety, with a small number of seeds. Color - traditional crimson.
Tastes excellent. The flesh is tender, juicy, with a dessert flavor, aromatic. When ripe, the fruits do not fall off the bush for a long time. The berries are juicy, but dense, so the variety is suitable for growing on an industrial scale. For a long time preserves the presentation. Carry transportation.
Ripening period and yield
Many gardeners ask: raspberry patricia remontantnaya or not? The answer is unequivocal: no, not remontant.
Patricia bears fruit only for a certain period (remontant, most often, all summer and even September) and high yields are observed from the third year (from remontant varieties - from the first).
And now more. Variety fruits annually. In the first two years, the harvest is small. Peak yield - the third year of cultivation.
The first ripe berries appear by the end of June. Basically, it ripens by the beginning of July and continues to actively sing during the month. Harvest can be for 5-6 fees.
In the description of the raspberry variety Patricia, the yield from one bush is 5-7 kg, sometimes up to 10 kg. And on an industrial scale, on large areas - 25t / ha.
Patricia tolerates the winter cold easily, because cold-resistant grade. Maintains a frost to -34 ° C. With this cold, only young shoots can suffer.
The only thing that fears is the frosty wind. In this case, raspberry bushes are better to bend to the ground and covered with snow.
Nobody can know what the winter will be like. Therefore, it is better to be safe and, in order to avoid freezing of bushes, still bend them to the ground and cover them with garden material.
How to choose seedlings when buying
Raspberries are planted in spring or autumn, depending on climatic conditions. In the southern regions with a warm winter, you can plant out in the fall, raspberries will have time to settle down. But in the north - it is better to wait for spring and not to subject seedlings to winter stress.
Saplings are best purchased not in spontaneous markets, but in a specialized nursery. Thus, you protect yourself from fraudsters who can not sell you what you need.
In addition, a negligent seller of seedlings may be infected with blight or other diseases that it is undesirable to transfer to your site.
In the nursery, all plants are healthy: diseases have been prevented, seedlings have been treated for pests. Of course, nursery seedlings are more expensive, but worth it. When choosing seedlings, first of all, pay attention to the root system and buds.
The root system should be well developed, kidney replacement - at least three. In general, the seedling should be strong, cut to 20-25 cm. It can be stored for a short time, 1-2 days, wrapped in a damp cloth, always in a cool place.
Choosing the right place
Success in the cultivation of raspberry Patricia depends on many factors. First of all, it is a place of growth. Raspberry loves space, light and fertile soil. An important condition is that the place should be protected from the winds, especially from the north.
In addition, it can not be a wetland or a place where groundwater lies close to the surface.
The neighborhood is also important. You should not plant bushes next to potatoes, tomatoes, because they are subject to the same diseases and pests. The raspberry grows best of all in the place of currant, black chokeberry, gooseberry.
The place for planting raspberry seedlings should be chosen in no way obscured, but, on the contrary, bright and open. It should be as much as possible illuminated by the sun.
Raspberry capricious to the soil. It will be good to grow on sandy, loamy soil or black soil. The acidity index is neutral.
No need to try to grow raspberries on sandy soil, because it does not hold moisture. The clayey one will not work either, because water stagnates in it, and raspberry doesn't like it.
Preparatory work on the site
Before planting raspberries, you need to prepare the plot. Digging the site required. After that, you need to choose weed roots to simplify the care of raspberries in the future.
Next, the soil must be fertilized with manure, potash and superphosphate fertilizers. Only this approach is suitable if the site is prepared in advance. For example, if in the fall you are preparing a plot for spring planting raspberries.
If you want to prepare the site and immediately plant the seedlings, then it is better to fertilize each individual pit with humus and complex garden fertilizers.
Stepwise landing process
Description of the raspberry variety Patricia suggests the characteristics of planting and caring for the crop. For example, the spreading and yield determines the distance between the bushes, and the intolerance of the frosty wind - shelter for the winter, etc.
When planning, it is necessary to take into account the distance between the pits for planting seedlings and rows: between the pits - at least 60-70 cm, between the rows - at least 1.5 m. And now about everything in detail, so to speak, step by step:
- Dig a pit for planting a sapling 35 × 35 × 35 cm.
- The bottom is covered with humus about 8-10 cm thick.
- Place the seedling in a hole and sprinkle with earth.
- Lightly tamp the ground around.
- Form a hole around the main trunk.
- In water for irrigation as needed (if the plot is not fertilized), apply complex garden fertilizer according to the instructions.
- Pour water (about 10-12 liters).
- Mulch sawdust (can be straw).
- After 10-14 days, cut a sapling at a distance of 20-25 cm from the ground.
Seasonal care features
To get a good harvest of raspberries, you need to carefully care for her. Here, everything plays an important role: timeliness, patience of the owner, and diligence.
Raspberry care includes the following processes:
- tying up
- the right harvest.
Watering and mulching
Watering raspberries should be regular, because irregular watering will affect both the yield and the general condition of the plant.
When watering, the soil should be moistened by 30-35 cm. Avoid root clogging. Watering the bushes can be different: “rain”, at the root, grooves.
If the bushes are watered under the root or grooves, after watering, it is better to mulch the soil with straw or sawdust to preserve moisture.
Norms of watering are also different: in May and early June - water moderately, during the period of the formation and ripening of berries - abundantly, from August to October - weakly. From August to October, water is watered only if there is no rain at all. If the rains periodically pass, then watering is not needed.
Feeding raspberries required. It is produced in three stages:
- before the leaves,
- before flowering
- after harvest.
The next stage is especially important, as it will affect the crop yield in the current year. Before the appearance of flowers, in June, you need to feed potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
Garter on the trellis
Raspberry Patricia has a high stem, therefore, requires obligatory garter.
Due to the fact that the bushes are a little razlohie, have heavy brushes of berries, tying up the support will not work. Stems and brushes need to tie up on the trellis. To do this, you need to dig in support at a distance of 2.5-3 m in a row.
Attach a wire in two rows to these supports: at a distance of 35-45 cm from the ground surface and at a height of 130-150 cm, depending on the height of the plant (20-25 cm below the top).
Thus, the wire throughout the row makes it possible to tie up not only tall stems, but also heavy raspberry tassels. Garter to produce a soft twine.
Pruning raspberry bushes is required. In addition, one of the disadvantages of the variety is a large number of shoots, which also need to be pruned (unless you decided to rejuvenate the plantings).
The periodicity of the weed will correspond to the periodicity of the trim. Vypolonnuyu grass and pruned shoots necessarily need to be removed from under the bushes and between rows.
Let's go back to pruning. In May, you need to destroy all the shoots, as well as shorten the young shoots of 4-5 leaves.
In early June, you need to shorten all the stems to 80-100 cm. So we stimulate the growth of new shoots on the stem, which means the emergence of a larger number of fruit brushes.
After the harvest, in August, you need to cut off all the branches that were removed. In autumn, in October, it is necessary to remove all shoots again. And also thin out the bushes, leaving them 5-6 shoots.
Shelter for the winter
If the variety grows in northern or middle latitudes, the shoots need shelter for the winter. They are not afraid of frost, as already mentioned, but a frosty wind, icing can cause irreparable damage to the plant. So it is better to be safe.
Winter-ready (trimmed) plant stems gently bend down to the ground without wringing. You can cover the garden material, you can re-use the trellis.
All plants bend down to the level of the trellis and become attached. Plants are warmed with garden material. Roofing material or other material for warming is transferred through the wire and fixed.