Early ripe bee-emitting hybrid of cucumber.
Start fruiting. Enters fructification in 40 ... 43 days after emergence of shoots.
Characteristics of the plant. The plant is short cleft, the length of the main stem is 80 ... 95 centimeters. Zelenets is dark green with blurred light stripes up to 1/3 of the length, ellipsoid, large, with a rare arrangement of tubercles. The pubescence is complex, black. The length of the fetus is 8 ... 10 centimeters. Tastes excellent, with a genetic lack of bitterness. It is suitable for the fresh use, salting and conservation.
Purpose The hybrid is intended for cultivation in an open ground and under temporary film shelters.
Terms of sowing on seedlings and disembarkation in soil. Sowing on seedlings in early May. Landing in the ground in late May - early June in the phase of two or three true leaves. Sowing in open ground is carried out in late May - early June.
Landing geometry. Landing 40x40 centimeters.
Disease resistance. The hybrid is resistant to the main diseases of cucumber.
How to choose a variety of cucumbers?
The first thing you need to think about when planning your future, rich harvest is buying cucumber seeds. Most vegetable seeds are bred by breeders. Every year there are new hybrids of cucumbers, obtained by breeding. Of cucumbers grown in this way, it is not recommended to save the seeds for future planting. The choice remains in specialized stores, where a huge selection of seeds.
When you come for a purchase, you should carefully study the information on the packages of cucumber seeds. Most seeds are available for open and closed ground. Let us clarify that closed ground is a greenhouse or film tunnel, and open ground is a garden bed.
Pollinated and non-pollinated cucumber varieties
Pollinated cucumber seeds are widespread, for ripening of which the bees and bumblebees need to pollinate. This variety must be planted exclusively in the open. ground for esteslife pollination. Indoor soil for such varieties excluded. It should be noted that the “inhabitants” of open ground are not whimsical, compared to greenhouses.
Varieties of cucumber ripening
When choosing a variety, it is necessary to consider the ripening time, according to the following criteria:
It is advisable to choose early or mid-season varieties of cucumbers. For late maturity the risk of cold is maximum. The choice of varieties universal purpose successful. They are suitable for salad and salting. Each variety is individual to its taste. It can be brittle, soft or with a taste of spices. Choosing a variety to taste, let's proceed to the preparation of seedlings.
Growing cucumber seedlings for planting in the greenhouse
Such cucumbers ripen a couple of weeks earlier. In order to grow cucumbers used pots. Pots can be simple plastic, they are more convenient, because they do not break. Self-made pots from the packages - they need control, as they can swell, it depends on the microclimate of the room and the frequency of watering.
Favorite pot should be filled with earth. The land is an ordinary soil, which is sold in all shops for the garden. You can choose any, except for the soil for tomatoes, as the soil in it is acidic. Sour mail excluded for cucumbers. The ideal soil for the future crop of cucumbers, it is a universal soil mixed with the land plot. In such conditions, the “future cucumber” understands the conditions under which it will grow. This eliminates the risk of disease. Small holes are made in the finished pot on the surface of no more than 2 centimeters. A seed is dropped into each well. It is filled up with a small amount of earth, it is watered. It should be covered with a plastic bag.
It remains to wait for the emergence of seedlings of cucumbers. And they should appear on the 5-6 day. It is necessary to plant seedlings when the whole threat of frost has passed. This is about May 15-16. On this basis, the seeds for cucumber seedlings are planted at the end of April, and the seedlings are planted after 20-25 days. It was at this time that the weather was steadily warm, and the third leaflet itself appeared in the seedlings. Now everything is ready for planting seedlings in the ground.
Planting seedlings and cucumber seeds in the ground
Before proceeding to planting seedlings, it should be noted no less common method of growing cucumbers - planting cucumber seeds in open ground. How to sow cucumber seeds in the ground? First, you need to choose the right time. Given the heat-loving cucumbers, you need to choose a warm, well-settled weather for several days, approximately the beginning of May. If the weather is not favorable, it is necessary to delay landing until May 10-15.
Having chosen a good time for planting, you should refine the garden bed. In a well-dug, crumbling bed we make trenches. In the finished trench, a depth of 7-10 cm is added fresh manure and carefully compared with the surface, leaving a small trench. The final moment, watering a trench with a small amount of water.
Sowing cucumber seeds in the ground
The finished seeds are seated in the prepared trench, the distance between the seeds is 20-30 cm. After that, carefully plant the seeds in the trench with the ground. Also, the landing should be fixed by watering with a small amount of water. The bed is ready. To create a high humidity, which cucumbers love, you need to cover the bed with a film, for this purpose several arcs are installed, depending on the size of the bed, and the film is stretched. Microclimate for the future harvest is ready.
The process of planting the already prepared seedlings is similar to the previous one. You should also prepare the bed, but not fertilize the trenches, and small holes. The wells are enriched with fresh manure, require watering. Carefully remove the seedlings from the pot and transplanted into the ground. After that, watering. The finished bed is also covered with foil.
Choosing a variety of cucumbers
There are many varieties and hybrids of cucumbers, differing in shape, size, color and other biological characteristics. Early ripening varieties are distinguished, among them Murom cucumbers, suitable for beds and greenhouses, very prolific are considered the best. These cucumbers ripen earlier than others, but rather soon stop their fruiting (from germination to the first harvest of fruits it takes about 40 days). Mid-season varieties ripen about 45 days. The most famous of them are the Nezhinsky varieties. Late-ripening varieties ripen for more than 50 days, for example, the “Winner” variety. A huge variety of cucumber varieties will not leave indifferent any summer resident. Each variety, whether early or late, is good in its own way. And you can easily choose for yourself the most suitable, meeting exactly your needs.
Delicious variety. Cucumbers with a delicate flavor and dense flesh. The plant itself with long stems, and extended period of fruiting. This variety is perfect for both salads and preservation.
Nezhinsky grade. According to some summer residents, it is considered the best variety for pickling, salads and appetizers. Differ unsurpassed taste, thin skin. The plant is unpretentious, resistant to some types of diseases, such as bacteriosis and spotting. Refers to the mid-season group.
Murom grade. Early ripe grade, with a short period of aging. The plant has a short lash, with abundant leafy component. The cucumbers are tender, oblong in shape, with thin skin, fragrant and tasty. The variety is resistant to temperature extremes, however, it quickly acquires a yellowish tint, during drought, therefore it is necessary to organize watering of plants and harvesting in time.
Salt variety. The plant belongs to the early ripe varieties, fully justifies its name, as it is ideal for all types of canning. Cucumbers of small size, strong, with a dense structure, oblong regular shape. The plant is resistant to powdery mildew, and shows a fairly high level of yield.
Soil preparation for cucumbers
Before you engage in the cultivation of cucumbers, you must choose the right place for planting. Choose a sunny plot with fertile, well-drained soil, with a pH from 6.0% to 6.5%. You can grow cucumbers in rows or on specially prepared mounds separated by half a meter. Also, to increase yields, cucumbers can be grown on a vertical trellis.
To make the cucumbers happy for you, add a dose of concentrated compost to the soil layer before planting, along with an easy use of organic fertilizer. Water the soil thoroughly before planting the seeds, but do not allow water to stagnate.
Cultivation of cucumbers in open ground
Cucumbers at the moment, are grown in almost every garden. Cabbage will be the best predecessor for cucumbers, that is, cucumbers should be planted in the second year after a careful fertilization of the plot, as cucumber loves the soil to be nutritious, but not too greasy. Fresh manure will give the cucumber a bitter taste and cause spotting, therefore, it is necessary to fertilize the ground in autumn so that the soil can be sated and the dung bend.
The plot chosen for planting cucumbers is plowed or shoveled with shovels, and then they make ridges up to arshin wide, in low places they are quite high. Sowing time, choose so that the cucumber is not subjected to low temperatures, as the cucumber is very afraid of frost. Hedge sowing is done by dry or germinated seed or, finally, by seedlings, the latter method makes it possible to obtain early cucumbers. In the hot climate zone, they usually sow seeds dry and organize abundant watering. In the middle lane, as well as latitudes with humid climates, it is more convenient to sow germinated seeds.
When planting cucumbers seedling method, the seeds are sown in special small containers or in pots and, allowing them to develop up to the 3rd leaf, on a warm day they are transplanted into the ground, with a distance of about 5 centimeters from each other. When 3 leaves begin to appear on the cucumber shoots, you should nip it (this does not apply to Murom cucumbers). The consequence of this operation are two or four side shoots, which further provide the basis for fruitful lashes. Occur from time to time at the base of these lashes flowers and ovaries should be plucked.
From time to time it is useful to loosen the soil near the roots of the plant and cover the ground with small, rotten, dry manure or straw cut. This method of mulching protects the soil from drying out and at the same time serves as a convenient bed for the fruits, protecting them from contact with the damp earth on which the cucumbers stale, get dirty, and sometimes rot or become stained. Watering at the beginning of planting needs to be organized fairly frequent, after the plant leaves the 3rd leaf, watering is done no more than 2-3 times a week, and always in the evenings.
Care of crops
Cucumbers do not require much attention, they are not capricious. However, in order for the plants to please you with a good harvest, they, like all others, need to be cared for. Cucumbers are a heat-loving plant, which requires a lot of sunlight, but the scorching sun can leave burns on the tender leaves, so it is better to temporarily shade your shoots in the midday time, and not produce watering at the peak of the solstice.
Provide crops and shoots with a stable wet soil, because water supply is an important component of improving the quality of future vegetables. The drip irrigation system is ideal for growing cucumbers. If, however, you do not have the opportunity to install a drip irrigation system in your area, then water cucumbers at least three or four times a week. You can also organize frequent, but not abundant watering, it will help the soil, it is better to absorb moisture.
Cucumbers, like all other crops, need feeding. But, if organic matter was incorporated into the soil before planting, fertilizer during the growing season is not necessary. However, when cucumber plants begin to bloom and tie fruit, fertilizing in the form of a balanced soluble mineral fertilizer (based on 30 grams of ammonium nitrate, 20 grams of potash and 40 grams of superphosphate), this fertilizer will help preserve the production quality of the plant.
Some ways to grow cucumbers
Agrarians describe several methods for the cultivation of cucumbers:
Cultivating cucumbers in this way, simply, is the usual method of sowing seeds in the beds. Scourge over time, they themselves crawl along the ground, evenly, and better absorb sunlight. But with this method of growing greens, the lash itself requires care, as the excess effect on the lash and ovary can negatively affect fruiting. Avoid dampness on the bed, as the lashes can easily rot, develop diseases, which also adversely affect the yield.
Growing cucumbers on the trellis
Cultivation of cucumbers on the trellis, a fairly common method that saves space on the site, and with proper care, provides a good harvest. Cucumbers are planted in the ground in two rows, then the stakes are driven in, the wire is pulled over the top or the rake is attached. Long lashes of plants on short trellis can be fixed, or you can simply throw over them, several times, so that the plant rises above the ground. Thus, the efficiency of irrigation increases, the weaves do not get wet, the useful area of the site is saved, the plant receives enough sun on all fronts, is aired, the risk of developing diseases is reduced, the fruits are always visually accessible, clean and fresh.
Growing in barrels
Plastic or iron barrels for this method of cultivation, filled with prepared soil, down as drainage, put straw or sawdust, the top is covered with soil, well moistened. Sowing is done in the ground, the number of seeds depends on the diameter of the barrel and the usable area. We make care, as well as for cucumbers in open ground. Only this method combines the economy of space and high yield. It is easy to care for such cucumbers, as the weed is absent altogether, or it is easy to see and remove, it is easy to loosen and water and the harvest from the barrels is easy to collect. At low cost of cultivation, you can get a high early yield of cucumbers.
Raise the yield of cucumbers
- Loosening the soil, the procedure is mandatory, especially after watering and rain, so that the earth crust is not formed. But beware of loosening deep penetration into the soil, so as not to damage the roots of the plant. Frequent loosening, improve aeration and soil's ability to absorb moisture.
- When the third leaf appears on the sprout of the cucumber, it is necessary to spud and weed the seedlings, you need to do everything extra carefully, since the young plant is very easy to damage. This procedure promotes better water absorption. Since the cluster at the base of the stem, can lead to the decay of the whole plant, especially in the rainy months.
- Cucumbers love watering, but do not tolerate water stasis, so organize the optimal watering of plants, taking into account their needs. It is better to water frequently, but not abundantly, so the soil will be better saturated with moisture, and water will not stagnate in the garden, exposing the culture to diseases.
- Pinching cucumbers is done when the fifth leaf is formed on the plant. This manipulation contributes to the rapid development of lateral shoots. This is done by pinching with a knife or scissors, the cut is made between the fifth and the next, not yet fully formed leaf culture.
- Cucumbers do not tolerate drafts and windy areas, so it is better to protect the area with plants that would be able to eliminate irritants. It is possible to plant corn between the rows; it will protect the crops from the wind and obscure the midday sun.
- The mulching of soil with peat or dry manure mixed with straw has a beneficial effect on the development of cucumbers. The thickness of the mulch when laying should be at least 3 centimeters.
- Harvesting must be done on time. Despised fruits become unsuitable for food and salting. They simply lose their varietal quality. When harvesting, cucumbers are not cut off, but cut, so as not to damage the whip, and thereby disrupt the formation of new fruits. Step carefully between the whips, and in any case, do not step on them or ovaries, otherwise the plant will fall ill, and the fruiting of cucumbers will stop.
- In dry weather, your plants may be attacked by a spider mite, to prevent the spread of the pest, use special sulfur-containing drugs and often spray the plants with warm water. And remember that cucumbers will negatively respond to cold watering.
- Such a disease as powdery mildew can take you by surprise in cold and rainy summer, as well as in case of erroneous watering. In cloudy weather you should not splash water on the whole plant, it is necessary to organize the supply of warm water to the root.
- To the bitterness of cucumbers did not upset you, organize the correct watering of the plant, do not allow drought in the beds. Sudden temperature fluctuations can also trigger cucurbitacin secretion and cucumber will taste bitter.
Diseases and parasites of cucumbers
The main pests attacking cucumbers are the bear, garden slugs, caterpillars, aphids, wireworms, thrips and spider mites. Все перечисленные насекомые наносят огромный ущерб пораженному растению. Многие виды смертельно опасны для рассады.Use special preparations that help in the control of cucumber pests, as well as carry out preventive measures, the affected plants should be removed and daily inspections of the beds should be carried out.
As for diseases, cucumbers are susceptible to diseases of the vine, including anthracnose, bacterial wilt, scab diseases, mosaic and powdery mildew. Most cucumber hybrids today have greater disease resistance. If you have already had problems with cucumber diseases in your area, then you should choose only plant-resistant types of diseases. In addition, do not forget that you yourself can provoke the disease by improper watering or inappropriate care of the plants. Therefore, follow the advice and do not neglect the rules of cucumber care.
Harvesting and storage of cucumbers
Like most vegetables, cucumbers remain tender and tasty for a short time, harvesting should be carried out when the fruits are young, for a long time as their seeds reach the peak of their development. Many varieties of cucumbers, as a rule, are ready for harvest when they reach about 6-10 centimeters in length. Harvest early in the morning or in the evening to prevent overheating and premature wilting of the fruit.
Unfortunately, cucumbers are not stored for a long time, due to their high content of water. The fruits will keep their taste for a long time, about one week in the refrigerator. Cucumbers grown in open ground will be stored at a temperature of +7 to +10 degrees and a relative humidity of 80% for no more than two weeks. It is not necessary to store cucumbers near the vegetables and fruits that produce ethylene, such as apples, pears, melons, tomatoes. To return the faded cucumber to its former density, just sprinkle it with cold water.
In conclusion, I would like to say that it is enough to simply grow cucumbers, this plant is not whimsical in care and, with proper organization of cultivation, will reward you with a tasty and good harvest.
“Semcross”, being a hybrid cucumber, absorbed many positive qualities, among which one of the most important is the absence of bitterness in it. And at the genetic level. This means that, regardless of growing conditions, it will never taste bitter.
In addition, this variety is distinguished by early ripeness, entering the fruiting period 40-43 days after the first shoots. Another great advantage of this type of cucumber is its resistance to major cucumber diseases.
At the same time, it has an excellent taste both in fresh and in salted, pickled and other types of vegetable canning. It is mainly pollinated by bees, which willingly fly on small, but fragrant yellow flowers. The leaves of this vegetable is not very large, radically green and not as wrinkled as other cucumbers. Scourge plants are not long, but they are branched, although they do not make this cucumber a leader among others according to this indicator.
Fruit characteristics and yield
The very fruit of the cucumber plant, called greens, weighs on average 80-90 g with a length of 9 to 11 cm. It has a spindle-shaped form with rare, but rather large tubercles. Its thick green color is diluted with light stripes and large spots.
Another main advantage of this variety is its high yield. From 1 square. m open ground, he is able to give up to a dozen kilograms.
Selection of seedlings
If there is no possibility or desire to grow the seedlings of cucumbers, you can resort to the services of those who do it for sale. And here, in addition to the main requirement - the guarantee that the proposed seedlings belong to the “Semcross” variety, some other nuances should be taken into account.
For example, in order for seedlings to be ready for planting in open ground, it is necessary that a third leaf should appear in it. But here one more thing should be taken into account. Seedlings can be planted in the soil under the open sky only after the danger of frost has passed.
Therefore, it is necessary that these two points coincide: the readiness of the seedlings and the readiness of the soil to accept the seedlings without any risk to it. Overgrown seedlings after planting in open ground will hurt for a long time, adjusting to new growing conditions, and the sprout that has not managed to develop to the end may even completely die.
Soil and fertilizer
According to experts, cucumbers grow on almost any land, although they prefer light sandy and loamy soil with low acidity. But this is when it comes to simple survival of the plant. But in order to achieve maximum yield from a vegetable, it should be above the ground, where the seedlings will be planted, to work hard.
First you need to take into account the fact that It is highly undesirable to plant cucumbers on the plots where other pumpkin plants used to grow. The soil there may be a carrier of various infections accumulated by previous vegetables.
But for cucumbers, the soil on which cabbage, tomatoes, peas and potatoes previously grew is perfect. In autumn, the land in which it is supposed to plant cucumber seedlings in the spring should be dug up and applied universal mineral fertilizers and manure at the rate of 1 l per 1 sq. M. m And in the spring, about 10 days before planting, you need to re-dig the beds and prepare the soil in the form of a puff "cake" Why lay out the layers of:
- coniferous sawdust
- humus with the addition of ash,
- chernozem layer of at least 20 cm.
After the formation of layers for two days before planting, the prepared soil should be poured with hot water heated to about +80 ° C, with the addition of 1 teaspoon of copper sulphate for every 10 liters. On 1 square. m beds need to spend 3 liters of solution. This operation is needed to disinfect the soil.
Cucumber is a light-loving and thermophilic vegetable. Therefore, the seedlings must be planted in well-lit areas when the ground is already warmed up and the air temperature is within + 15-17 ° C. The optimum temperature for the growth and abundant fruiting of a cucumber is the air temperature between +25 and +30 ° C with its humidity at least 70%.
This vegetable prefers moist soil and needs regular watering. But before flowering, watering should be carried out in moderate quantities, and during flowering and during the fruiting period, watering should be done twice as abundant, bringing its volume to 12 liters per square meter. m every two days. Watering should be in the evenings, using warm water at room temperature.
Usually, cucumber seeds are sown at home in the second half of February. Although these seeds are able to be stored without losing germination, up to ten years, experts believe that the optimum age of seeds for sowing is two to three years.
Depending on where the seeds of the “Semcross” variety were obtained, in the distribution network or procured independently, they should be prepared for sowing. For store seeds, read the instructions carefully and follow them exactly.
If the seeds were harvested at home on their own, then they need preventive measures, as well as carrying out several stages of preparing them for sowing, which are as follows:
- in a calibration, during which the seeds are poured into a 3% saline solution and the floating ones are removed from it, and the rest on the bottom are taken out and dried,
- in disinfection using a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, in which the seeds are soaked for half an hour and then washed with warm water and dried,
- in sprouting, for which the cucumber seeds are laid out on a damp cotton fabric and kept there until the stemmed stem reaches 2 centimeters, to activate the process, biostimulants can be added to the water,
- in hardening, which consists in sending the germinated seeds to the fridge for two days, for which they are carefully wrapped in a damp cloth, which was on it all the time.
Content and location
The optimal capacity for planting sprouted seeds is considered to be a plastic cup with a diameter of 7 cm.
It is filled with soil for seedlings in the composition:
- 40% turf land,
- 40% lowland peat,
- 10% of sawdust
- 10% of manure.
And you can also prepare the soil for seedlings from:
- 60% of humus,
- 30% turf land,
- 10% sand.
When preparing these soils, they must also be added at the rate of 5 liters:
- superphosphate - 7 g,
- potassium sulfate - 4 g,
- urea - 3 g,
- magnesium sulfate - 1 g.
- peat tablets,
- plastic film in the form of diaper around the ground,
- egg shells,
- and even toilet paper.
The main condition for the placement of all these containers with growing seedlings is a bright and warm place. The temperature should be maintained at a level not lower than +20 ° C. To ensure it, phytolamps are often used, which on cloudy days also preserve the necessary illumination.
Seed planting process
In each plastic cup intended for seedlings, a hole should be made at the bottom to remove excess water. After that, the bottom must be filled with drainage in the form of sunflower husk or expanded clay and fill the cup with prepared soil for 4/5 of its volume.
When the sprouts go higher, the soil will need to be added. Having made a notch of 2 cm in the ground with a finger, it is necessary to put a seed in it and sprinkle it with soil.
Then you need to pour the earth and cover it with plastic film to create the greenhouse effect. In this state, at a temperature of about +25 ° C, the cups should be kept for three days. After opening the cotyledons, the temperature must be reduced by five degrees.
Video: planting cucumber seeds for seedlings
For about a month, cucumber seedlings grow at home.
During this time, they are fed twice:
- Half a month after the first sprouts have been proklyutsya. To do this, 3 liters of distilled water should be dissolved 20 g of urea. At least 100 ml of solution should be poured into each container with a sprout.
- A week later, feeding is repeated. At this time, 15 g of nitrophosphate and 30 g of wood ash are diluted in 3 liters of water. After four hours of settling and filtering, top dressing is applied in the same way as in the first case.
Although cucumbers love water, home-grown seedlings cannot be over-humidified. Their roots should be only slightly moist. Water the seedlings as necessary with warm water after it settles. Often, to grow high-grade seedlings, it is necessary to apply the lightening method, which is necessary for short light days, prolonged cloudy weather and the lack of sufficient space on bright window sills. Supplementation is carried out by means of fitolamps, which provide good illumination with a small power consumption.
For a week or ten days before planting in open ground, Semcross cucumber seedlings are hardened, for which they are watered more rarely, reducing the temperature by five to seven degrees and then exposing them in a shaded windless place under the open sky. Starting hardening from ten minutes, it is gradually increased.
Video: caring for cucumber seedlings before planting
Transplanting seedlings to ground
The best seedlings intended for transplanting into open ground have three, maximum four leaflets. If there are more, then such seedlings are considered to be overgrown and need to be deepened when disembarking. But after that, she will be ill, hardly adapting to the new growing conditions.
The optimum time for planting seedlings in the open ground comes at a stable daytime outdoor temperature within + 21-23 ° C, and the night temperature should not fall below +18 ° C.
When transplanting from pots to open ground, seedlings are under serious stress. Therefore, it should be as smooth as possible. The easiest way to plant seedlings at a permanent place in the peat pots. They are simply buried in the ground without disturbing the plant. Plastic cups neatly cut along the bottom and walls and remove the soil ball from them. Placing it in a well prepared in advance, fall asleep seedling to cotyledon leaves.
Agricultural technology of seed cultivation in open ground
The main rule that should be followed when growing cucumber seeds in open ground is the need to warm up the soil to +15 ° C and the guaranteed absence of frost. Sowing seeds in a colder soil makes no sense, since they will germinate for a very long time, if they do not die at all.
But it is not necessary to delay sowing, since the peak of plant development may coincide with the heat of July, as a result of which the harvest will be unsatisfactory. Therefore, in different regions the optimal time for sowing cucumbers comes in different ways.
Comfortable most of all cucumbers feel in a bright place, protected from winds and drafts. And the areas where cucumbers have grown before, as well as pumpkin plants and beets, are very harmful to them.
Since the beds after planting cucumber seeds on them are covered with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect with high humidity, and also from time to time the tender shoots from the burning sun are covered with the same film, it is thought that it is most convenient to grow cucumbers all summer in a greenhouse.
Often this is what happens with self-pollinating varieties. However, varieties of cucumbers pollinated by bees, to which “Semcross” belongs, must be open-air during flowering.
The area allocated for the cultivation of cucumbers, should first be covered with a thin layer of cow manure or chicken droppings, after which the soil must be dug up. For each square meter of beds, it is recommended to apply 5 kg of organic fertilizers. It is very useful to scatter wood ash over the surface of the ground. In addition, the soil should be disinfected with a solution of copper sulphate. Immediately before planting the seeds, holes and grooves of 2 cm depth are drawn up on the bed, which should be about half a meter apart.
Soil loosening and weeding
Cucumber roots are located close to the surface of the earth, so it is impossible to loosen the earth around this plant. Weeds that have grown alongside will have to be weeded by hand. To prevent this from happening, the soil around cucumbers must be mulched with sawdust, straw or hay.
In addition, this litter will protect ripening fruits from contact with wet soil. In order that the roots located close to the surface of the earth do not become bare, it is very useful to carry out hilling, which, besides protecting the roots from the sun, stimulates the emergence of new processes.
Hilling is done when the cucumber stalk rises to a height of a quarter of a meter, and then the operation is repeated as necessary.
In the first half of summer, cucumbers can be sacred, that is, to remove leaves and ovaries, which are formed in the axils of the leaves. This operation helps to improve the illumination of the bush and through the redistribution of nutrients in the bush increases its productivity, forming many female flowers on the side shoots.
Pinch the plant after the fifth to sixth leaf. However, according to experts, such manipulation is effective for mid-season and late-ripening varieties. As for the early ripening varieties, to which “Semcross” also applies, stading is not advisable for them.
To reduce the risk of infection with fungal diseases and to simplify the care of plants in open ground, cucumber stems over 30 cm in length should be tied up.
Video: cucumber garter This is done with the help of vertical or horizontal trellis, which is a pair of two-meter-long pillars, between which several wire or rope rows are stretched at intervals of a quarter of a meter. With the help of narrow strips of soft cotton fabric, the stems are carefully and in turn tied up to wire or rope rows.
There are two ways to feed cucumber plants - root and foliar. The first method is advisable in the warm summer, when the root system copes well with its responsibilities.
In cool and rainy summer, the roots do not so effectively absorb nutrients from the soil, and the plant has to be fed through the leaves. Which, by the way, does not cancel the root feeding at all, which just needs to be somewhat reduced.
During the season, cucumber plants should be fertilized several times:
- 15 days after the appearance of the first shoots. Fertilizer soil is carried out with fresh chicken manure, diluted with water at a ratio of 1:15. This fertilizer can be replaced by urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate in the form of a proportional mixture of each of the ingredients.
- From the beginning of flowering, green grass infused with water, or potassium nitrate (20 g), ammonium nitrate (30 g) and superphosphate (40 g) in a mixture are used for fertilizer.
- During maximum crop growth, fertilizer is made on an infusion of green grass or urea, 50 g of which is diluted in a bucket of water.
Video: what and when to feed cucumbers With active fruiting, wood ash fertilization is very effective, which should be done every week.
Pests, diseases and prevention
Semcross variety cucumbers are resistant to the most common cucumber diseases. However, one hundred percent guarantee against infection by their diseases or the invasion of pests on them, of course, does not exist.
Most often cucumbers are affected:
- Powdery mildew, which is a harmful fungus, leading to yellowing of the leaves and their fall. This disease is provoked by excessive irrigation, excessive concentration of nitrogen fertilizers and high humidity, therefore, in the form of prophylaxis it is recommended to optimize irrigation and fertilizer application. As a treatment, infected bushes should be sprinkled with wood ash, and completely sick should be removed and destroyed.
- Gray rotwhich is expressed in gray spots on the leaves and a touch of the same color on the fruit. Sick plants should be sprinkled with wood ash and stop watering them.
- Root rot, leading to decay of the stems and the death of the root system. As a treatment, the affected areas should be sprinkled with wood ash, and watering should be done without soaking the stem. For prevention, it is necessary to disinfect the soil before planting a vegetable.
- Spider mitewhich leads to yellowing of the leaves and their drying.
- Gourd Melon, deforming the upper part of the plant, which leads to its drying. Very good help in the fight against this pest ladybugs.
Harvesting and storage
The frequency of collecting greens depends on their further use. For example, canning requires fruits that have reached a maximum of 10 cm in length. Zelentsy are more suitable for salting - up to 18 cm, but lettuce cucumbers should reach an initial size of 12 cm.
During active fruiting, the fruit must be harvested at intervals of not more than two days. But it is better to remove them from the bushes twice a day. The more often the fruits are harvested, the more abundant small greens appear for canning, and the less often they are harvested, the more successful the cucumbers grow to the size needed for salting or salads.
When harvesting to separate the greens from the lash need to remove the stem from the bush. Therefore, it is best to use a knife for this purpose, avoiding twitching, twisting and turning the lashes. The best time to pick fruit is morning or evening. Cut cucumbers must be quickly placed in a shaded and cool place. Due to the fact that green leaves for a long time are not saved, they are salted or preserved after harvest. However, a couple of weeks to extend the life of greenhouses still possible.
For example, they can be put in a plastic bag, which guarantees freshness to greenhouses for five days. Fruits will hold out even longer if the stalks are left on them and then put them on the bottom of a pot or can with these stalk stems, systematically changing the water.
Not bad is the preservation of freshness of cucumbers even outside the refrigerator, if they are well washed, then covered with a layer of egg white and dried.
There is another popular way to preserve Zelentsa in a fresh state. They are put in an airtight wooden container and with a load attached to it are lowered to the bottom of a deep stream. Provided that the stream does not freeze to the bottom in winter, the greens will delight with their freshness in winter.
Possible problems and recommendations
Often it happens that the plants are not subject to any diseases or invasion of pests, but, nevertheless, for some reason they have yellow and fall ovary.
This can occur when:
- poorly chosen landing site, which is flooded by rain and is in the shade,
- overly contrasting day and night temperatures,
- excessively high or low ambient temperatures
- watering with cold water
- poor watering,
- excessive amount of side shoots
- lack of minerals in the soil.
With the elimination of these reasons, the plants will quickly come back to normal and enjoy a good harvest. It often happens that cucumber bushes for no apparent reason begin to turn yellow and curl leaves.
This can happen when:
- irregular irrigation algorithm, when it is either too rare, or frequent, but scanty, due to which the plant becomes dehydrated,
- nutritional deficiencies, especially when there is a shortage of nitrogen fertilizers,
- hypothermia, which causes stress in a vegetable and leads to yellowing of leaves,
- sunburns obtained after day-watering, when water droplets fall on the leaves focus the sun's rays and burn the leaves,
- low humidity of the air, which provokes the plant to twist the leaves into a tube, to reduce the area of evaporation.
With the timely elimination of these problems, the vital activity of cucumber plants should become normal. Favorite vegetable by all is not so difficult to grow. However, being a heat-loving plant, he gratefully responds not only to the warmth of the earth and air, but also to the warmth of human hands, responding to it with a tasty, fragrant and uniquely crisp on the teeth crop.