General information

Rules for growing holly olfactory in open ground


Holly or holly - a mysterious plant, which is reflected in Spanish poetry. Among the river oxen, sedges and hollies, the most mysterious mysteries of Spanish dance and the feasts of passion and dance took place.

Not surprisingly, this is a strikingly beautiful plant, accustomed to the tropical climate, gardeners are not without success trying to grow in the suburbs, and even in colder regions. Preference is given to evergreen plants with carved dense leaves and bright berries of blood red, scarlet or yellow color.

It is found holly with black or white berries. In total there are more than 400 types of holly holly and most of them are strikingly beautiful and are used in landscape design and for home decoration.

The holly has received its name for the special shape of dense leaves - in some species, curly cuts of the foliage end in long and sharp spikes. Due to the density and the presence of thorns, the plant is indispensable for creating insurmountable hedges. As you can see in the photo, the decorative potential of holly is impressive.

The classic holly or Mezverva holly is a plant marked by a special mystic power. Even before the foundation of Rome, evil forces drove away wreaths from holly. It was believed that holly destroys evil, slander, envy and helps courageous, strong and passionate people to achieve their goals.

Holly or Ilex is a plant of Saturnalia, descendants to the afterlife. The banks of the Lethe - the rivers in the kingdom of the dead, grew over the ilex and its sharp shoots hurt the feet of inconsolable souls who parted with their love. On Christmas cards you can often see rosettes of holly leaves and berries.

Few people remember the ancient mystical values, but the use of the plant as a blessing and warning sign has been preserved in relatively new religions. In the ancient Celtic cults, the holly was also given considerable attention, as a plant that drives away evil in any form.

In the Celtic ornaments of the present time we can trace the stylized leaves of holly. Initially, the holly is considered the plant of the god of healing Asclepius, although God had to collect it in the afterlife, on the muddy banks of the river of oblivion.

Tropic holly is a tree about 7 meters high. This species gives the most dense greens, resembling boxwood. Unfortunately, in Russia, even in the Crimea, the climate is too cool for this species.

Holly Mezerva - a relatively new hybrid, resulting from the interbreeding of Korean, wrinkled and holly. It is this hybrid that withstands the climate of central Russia, and can be grown in the Moscow region. This is an evergreen plant that does not shed foliage with characteristic bright berries.

Reasons to get holly broadleaf on the site

In the wild nature, the holly tree can reach significant sizes. The average height of the classic holly is about 15 meters. In Russia, holly is presented in the form of low shrubs. Be sure to specify the type of holly that you acquire for planting.

The stubborn and rigid bush perfectly maintains dense landing, excellently holds a shape after cutting. Fences can give almost any shape and it will please the eye with dense and dense greens.

Carved leaves give a beautiful dense shade, holly hedge invariably attracts the eye due to the unique texture. Mature shrubs in the fall covered with scattering and clusters of bright, as if varnished, berries. The fruits are stored on the branches all winter and it is very beautiful.

With enough patience, you can form pyramids, perfect smooth balls and other shapes from the bush.

Holly excellently cleans the air, drives away insect pests intolerant to holly essential oils. Near the holly is always easy to breathe. It is believed that he drives away bad thoughts and longing.

The difficulties of growing holly in central Russia

Ostrolist is a tropical evergreen plant. The ideal climate for it is about 20 degrees. It tolerates heat and short frosts well, but the long Russian winters, constant high humidity, lack of sunlight, have a destructive effect on the plant.

In England and other countries washed by the warm breath of the Gulf Stream, holly feels better.

Planting and caring for plants in central Russia are complicated by climatic conditions.

Growing holly in northern latitudes is not easier than lemon or thuja. This is possible, but significant efforts will have to be made. Holly can tolerate the climate of Russia, starting with the North Caucasus.

Some types of holly are able to withstand temperatures as low as -20 degrees, but for a short time. In Russia, you need to make special boxes for wintering plants, to protect them from prolonged cold weather.

The bush loves the soil humidified, rich with humus and willingly populates coast of the rivers. But flooding and floods on loamy and clayey soils, rising groundwater levels, endures heavily.

The plant is extremely poor transplant. The death of seedlings in the first year after planting is a normal phenomenon, even with perfect care in ideal conditions.

How to care for holly mezerva

Since Holly Mezerva is the only one of the vast family of ornamental hollies that can withstand our frosts, we will focus on caring for this particular species.

After planting in the ground and in early spring, the plant needs shelter from direct sunlight. It is necessary to ensure sufficient watering, but to avoid transfusions and flooding of plant roots.

Pruning and the formation of the bush is better to perform in deep autumn. There is no need to repeat pruning in spring - the holly grows slowly and keeps its shape well.

The choice of location: lighting and soil

Holly does not require special attention to itself in the process of growing. Nevertheless, there are moments that should not be omitted. Holly likes to grow on the shady area, so that in the open sun it is not worth planting it. It is also recommended to protect it from wind.

The soil should be sufficiently well hydrated, light and nutritious. We must take care of quality drainage. Holly holly will grow poorly in heavy ground, it will be especially difficult for him to survive the winter under such conditions.

Rules for the purchase of seedlings

Holly saplings are recommended to buy in nurseries, best in container. This will help the culture to successfully transfer the transplant, regardless of whether it is summer or spring. Saplings on sale happen with open root system and with closed. Buying the first option, you need to pay attention to the fact that the root system has not been dried out.

Roots should be elastic and flexible, do not crack and not break when bent. The main roots should be from 4-5 pieces and more. The branches and trunk of the tree must also be resilient. You need to inspect them for any mechanical damage. The kidneys must also be alive.

Planting Holly Seedlings

For planting of holly olympodate, it is desirable to use ready breathable fertile soil. If this is not possible, you can prepare it yourself. It is necessary for this to mix turf, leaf, peat and humus soil in equal parts, subsequently adding perlite or coarse sand to the mixture.

After that, a hole is made in the selected area, the prepared soil is filled in there, and the seedlings are planted. Hole is desirable to do about one meter in width and depth, it is possible more. It is important that the root system of the seedling can be evenly distributed in the hole, without being damaged or twisted. After planting the tree should be poured abundantly.

Watering, weeding and loosening

Most often this plant is enough natural rainfall. It usually does not require additional watering. If there is a prolonged drought, it is possible to moisten the soil, but it should be done only in the evening or in the early morning, long before the heat of the day. 2-3 watering per week will be quite enough for the holly, since it also does not tolerate stagnant water in the soil.

Additionally, you can spray the foliage of the tree with cold water. Also, do not forget about loosening the soil and weeding the area from the weeds. Loosening is required so that the soil allows air and moisture to flow well, and weeding, in order to avoid the use of nutrients from the soil by other plants.

For the normal development of the plant in the garden, it will be necessary to fertilize the soil from time to time. In the spring, compost should be poured into the root zone mixed with complex fertilizers. Also, no more than twice a month, you can fertilize liquid organic and mineral mixtures.

Due to the fact that it is possible to form beautiful hedges from holly hollows, you should take care of their appearance. At the very beginning of the spring season, pruning of the branches is necessary to form an attractive crown. Tree growing quite slowlytherefore, a neat crown will please the eye for almost the whole year. As for curly hairstyle, it is also allowed and can be applied if desired.

Speaking of holly, namely, its winter hardiness, it should be noted that endure the short-term lowering of temperature, down to -22 ° C it can. But at the same time, it is difficult for him to survive the whole winter in particularly cold areas. You can protect it with the help of shelter sawdust or peat. It is also permissible to use dry fallen leaves or spruce branches.

Some gardeners prefer to grow this plant in containers, bringing it into the room during the winter period. This option is valid, but keep it in warm rooms is not worth it. The temperature should be cool anyway during wintering.

Use in landscape design

For landscape design, holly ordinary has become just a godsend. It will be able to decorate any personal plot, it will become a reliable decorative live fence. From a practical point of view, plants can play the role of windproof plantations.

Especially often they land on the shores of the sea, as they have a good level of resistance to salt. Their leaves are prickly, and this will help rid the garden fenced from unwanted visitors. Due to the fact that he is remarkably amenable to curly hairstyles, beautiful topiary is often formed from it.

Reproduction features cuttings

Holly breeding can be carried out both by seed and cuttings. The second option has a higher popularity, because the seeds have a long period of germination.

First you need to cut the cuttings themselves. Choose for this should be the shoots of the current season, which are only semi-woody. The cutting knife must be very sharp so as not to damage the tree, and the cuts themselves are made oblique. Each stalk should be about 4-5 cm in length and always with the presence of one or two internodes.

Finished cuttings, it is desirable to first plant in the greenhouse. The substrate for the landing can be prepared from layers of humus and sand. It is recommended to plant cuttings to a depth of about 2 cm, after which regular spraying with clean water should be carried out.

The temperature in the room should not drop. As for direct sunlight, then from them the plant is recommended pritenyat. For 0.5-1 month cuttings will have time to take root, after which they can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth.

Medicinal properties

Holly has not only decorative, but useful properties. Its leaves have cardiotonic, antifebrile, diuretic and antiseptic properties. Leaf infusions are often used as a medicine for colds, bronchitis or cough. In addition, they can help with rheumatism, dropsy and arthritis.

The recipe for making universal tincture is very simple. You need two tablespoons of carefully crushed leaves of holly pour vodka (about 150 ml) and insist this liquid for a week in a dark cool place.

At the end of this period, the tool must be drained and you can take 25 drops two or three times a day. The tincture is pre-diluted in 50-70 ml of water, drunk 30 minutes before eating.

Holly ordinary or holly is a wonderful ornamental plant that can decorate any personal plot. In addition, its foliage can be used as an ingredient for the preparation of medicinal tinctures. The advantages of growing this tree are obvious. In addition, in the care he is completely unpretentious.

Norway holly: plant description

Ornamental culture is also known as holly or holly. This is one of the most popular species of the genus Holly. The homeland of culture is the wet and mild climate regions of Western Europe and the Mediterranean. It is characterized by slow growth and a long life cycle, up to hundreds of years. Ostrolist is an evergreen tree that grows in wild form on average to 15-20 m.

Other characteristics of holly:

  • the trunk reaches 30-80 cm in diameter,
  • bark - smooth, gray,
  • young shoots are pointed,
  • leaf type - simple, with wavy-curved edges, which end in spikes,
  • the arrangement of leaves is next,
  • the surface of the sheet plates is leathery,
  • size - 5-12x2-6 cm,

Attention! Holly Norway is not for nothing got its name. The thorns on the leaves are really sharp. Moreover, they retain this property even in a fallen form. You can pierce your finger when cleaning even with gloves.

The value of the autumn holly is in the fruits. Scarlet drupes keep on sprigs all fall and winter. The rest of the time it is pleasant to admire the decorative foliage. The culture has many hybrids:

  • Silver Queen - silver greens,
  • Golden King - leaves are cast in gold,

  • Amber - orange berries and atypical for the species low growth
  • Ferox Argentea - small leaves with yellow spots and edging,
  • Pyramidalis and J.C. van Tol - leaves also have yellow blotches, only larger ones themselves,
  • China Boy and Girl, Blue Maid and Baron, Blue Princess are cold-resistant varieties, similar to the classic holly.

Planting holly holly

It is best to practice rooting culture at the end of winter or early spring. You need to start with the right choice of planting material. Experts advise to buy holly only in nurseries. Desirable - in the container. On sale may be seedlings with a closed or open root.

In the second case, carefully study the roots: they should be at least 4, when bent, they should not break or crack. The above-ground part of the seedling should also be checked for elasticity, the presence of live buds, the absence of any damage.

Attention! For cultivation in the middle band, frost-resistant holly hybrids are suitable. In extreme cases, the culture can be grown in a tub in a mini-version, bringing it into the room for the winter.

The holly is not picky about the soil composition. The only requirement is humus content and high water permeability. Holly normally grows in partial shade, but in the bright sun it will only become brighter.

  1. Dig a hole 1x1 m or more. At the center of the bottom pour a mixture of fertile soil with coarse sand.
  2. Place the seedling, placing the roots evenly along the soil mound.
  3. Dig and pour heavily.

Features holly holly care

The technique of growing holly in the open field is simple. It is important for a gardener to consider the following points:

  1. The tree needs regular watering, especially during a drought. The holly is at risk of not blooming at all if he has little water. Ensure that the soil does not dry out.
  2. Annually in the spring pruning. The minimum task is to remove damaged and dry branches, the maximum is to form a crown. Since holly grows slowly, then you can make a short and lush shrub out of it.
  3. Also spring is the optimal time for holly fertilizing. He needs both mineral complexes and organic matter. The plant responds well to nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
  4. Holly can get phytophthora. It affects the roots and causes the death of the whole plant. To treat this disease is ineffective. If you see obvious signs - dig and burn the trees, and disinfect the ground around.

When pruning a tree, consider the following nuances:

  • if you shorten the branches too much, the holly may not bloom at all,
  • flowers are formed exclusively on two-year shoots.

When summer or autumn pruning, you will certainly touch the flower buds of the next year, which the tree lays in the current season. Therefore, it is advantageous to carry out this procedure in the spring, until the rudiments have appeared.

Propagation of the holly of the Holly

Holly seeds are very tenacious. Therefore, in nature, culture is propagated by birds. Independently, sprouting from seeds can be obtained after long stratification (18 months). Therefore, gardeners usually resort to a faster method - grafting.

The method ensures the safety of varietal characteristics of the tree:

  • pick semi-woody shoots
  • cut lengths of 4-5 cm, and each should be a couple of internodes. The stalk must begin and end with the kidney,
  • make cuts under the slope,
  • prepare a substrate consisting of two layers: humus (10 cm) and sand (3 cm),
  • Plant the blanks under the film, plunging into the soil by 1.5 cm.

Before rooting young cuttings need suitable care. Они не любят интенсивного солнечного света и пересыхания грунта. Вместо полива используйте опрыскивание. Процедуру проводите ежедневно, одновременно открывая парничок для проветривания. Укоренение происходит в течение 15-30 дней.

Падуб обладает удивительными декоративными свойствами. Кроме того, его легко выращивать. Therefore, he became so popular among landscape designers.

Adding an article to a new collection

Holly is popular in many countries of the world. In the west, it is a traditional Christmas plant, and we have a great culture to create a hedge.

Gardeners appreciate holly for its unusual, shiny dark green leaves, attractive red, orange, yellow, white, or black berries. Berries appear on holly in the fall and decorate the plant all winter. Among the many varieties of this plant in the middle lane, the most holly is holly.

When choosing a holly, pay attention to the winter hardiness of the variety. Under the conditions of the middle band, it is most logical to plant frost-resistant varieties. But if you get a thermophilic holly, it is quite possible to drop it into a container, which can be easily removed to the house on the eve of cold snaps.

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Growing conditions and care for holly

All types of holly perfectly endure partial shade and shadow without discomfort. However, the sun is developing great. By the way, young shoots should be protected from sunlight in springtime. Prefer nutrient soils with a high content of humus, well drained. If you have light loam, add humus and sand to it to improve the mechanical and nutritional properties of the soil.

It is difficult for the transplant, but if it is just necessary to transplant the plant, do it in early spring, then the operation will take place with minimal damage.

Norway holly in Moscow region

In winter, evergreen holly becomes a luxurious garden decoration.

Unfortunately, growing European holly in the garden (and only some winter-hardy hybrids - for example, Melex Ilex x meservae) will succeed only in areas with a mild climate, where frosts do not occur below -20 ° C, and then only for a short time. Among the famous varieties that carry the cold winters near Moscow, the following are known: "China Girl", "Blue Maid", "China Boy", "Blue Baron", "Blue Princess".

Requirements for the care of holly:

  • Requires regular watering in the dry season.
  • Top dressing can be carried out in the spring, during active growth of green mass. Choose complex mineral fertilizers, it is possible with a predominance of nitrogen. Responds well to organic supplements.
  • Pruning is used to form the crown. It is also useful to remove damaged and dried branches.

Why Holly Has No Berries - Reasons

Why the holly has no berries what to do

Holly is a dioecious plant. This means that there are "male" and "female" plants, and the fruits form only bushes with pistillate, female flowers. To see the beautiful berries, you need to plant next to the female and male plants.

Photo of female and male holly flowers Above - a branch with a male plant, below - with a female

  • Flowers and berries develop only on two-year branches, so you need to be careful in pruning.
  • If the branches are cut too short, the plant may not bloom.
  • The danger of cutting flower buds increases with summer and autumn pruning.
  • It is better to trim the holly in spring so that it can lay flower buds by next year.

Holly can shed flowers and ovaries if it lacks moisture. Therefore, you need to make sure that the earth does not dry out. In addition, severe frost in winter or spring frosts can also damage fruit branches, making it impossible to see the harvest of berries.

Diseases and pests

Among the pests known aphid attacking young shoots. Evergreen species are affected by large insects and leafworms. Means of struggle - treatment with appropriate insecticides. Sometimes root rot develops on holly caused by late blight everywhere. Prevention - the device drainage when planting plants, preventing stagnation of water during precipitation.

Reproduction holly cuttings

Holly breeding cuttings

It is difficult to propagate the seeds with seeds: since the flowers are dioecious, artificial pollination is required. Planted seeds need after a long period of stratification. In nature, this period takes 1.5 years. Gardeners put seeds in the fridge in the fall and plant them in the spring. Shoots can wait even 2-3 years.

Therefore, for propagation of holly, use cuttings or layering.

  • Annuals not lignified cuttings cut into a length of 10-12 cm.
  • From the bottom third in length remove all the leaves.
  • Next, the cuttings are kept for a day in the root solution and germinated in plain water until the roots appear.

Holly cuttings take root just in the water

  • You can “land” the cuttings in a shady place in the garden or put them in cups for rooting on the windowsill.
  • Providing watering and good drainage, you will get good seedlings after 2-3 months.
  • Cuttings germinated in water are planted first in pots for growing.
  • In the open ground, new plants can be planted only next spring.

Before the onset of winter, the bushes will have time to build up the root system, and the branches to mature to survive the cold period. But in order to be sure of a successful wintering season, in autumn the bushes are spudding with earth and covering with spruce branches.

Holly reproduction by layering

Holly reproduction by layering photo

If you already growing holly, it can be propagated by tilting the branches and covering them with earth.

  • So that the branches do not spring up and do not jump out, it is better to pin them with metal brackets to the ground, removing the leaves in the place where you will sprinkle them with earth.
  • After a while, roots will appear here, and then new branches.
  • The following season, in the spring, the seedling is carefully separated from the mother plant and planted in the allotted place.

How to plant holly

  • The seedling in the pot is first watered to soften the earthen room and it can be easily pulled out.
  • The pit is prepared in advance, about three times the size of the pot in depth and diameter. at least 3-4 cm of drainage are laid on the bottom of the hole: it can be broken bricks, fine crushed stone or any other material that promotes the drainage of water from the topsoil.
  • Top sprinkled with humus (about half a bucket per well, mixed in half with the ground.
  • Then set the seedling vertically and sprinkle with nutritious soil, trying only to slightly deepen the root neck. This will prevent the roots being exposed after a land subsidence. The plant deems a slight deepening calmly. Water plentifully, but without stagnation of water.

Holly wrinkled Ilex rugos

Holly wrinkled - Ilex rugosa Fr. Schmidt

The entire Far East from Primorye to Sakhalin was "occupied" by a wrinkled holly. Preference is given to fir-spruce and cedar-spruce forests. Treats evergreen creeping bushes. Its height does not exceed 0.5 meters. Does not tolerate excessively cold winters, partially frosting. For landscaping parks and suburban areas is not adapted.

In the spurs of Sikhote-Alin in the shadow of the Ayan spruces, a wrinkled holly is found, both in individual specimens and in groups. He is very comfortable here, as a thick snow blanket saves the plant from the devastating frosts in winter, and in summer, due to the high humidity of the air, very favorable conditions are created for its growth.

Accustomed holly for residents of Sakhalin and the southern Kuriles. This plant is the oldest representative of the flora throughout the Far East. Back in the tertiary period, wrinkled holly grew in the region along with beech and magnolia. And only a miracle helped this trinity to survive on the islands of the southern Kuriles. In Primorye, magnolia with beech extinct.

Holly Whorine Ilex verticillata

Deciduous holly whorled on a photo Ilex verticillata Maryland Beauty grade

It is a close relative of the holly holly, common in North America. It is a deciduous form. It grows in height from a meter to three, the crown is dense and densely covered with fleshy leaves of saturated color. Flowers inconspicuous, small. Bright dark red berries can be seen only on pistillate plants, but in order for pollination to occur, stamens are also planted.

Among holly many deciduous species. Mutovchaty holly, growing in the North American territory, is famous for its greatest decorative effect. It grows along the banks of rivers, in the swamps and loves moisture. Prefers humus soil in the shade of the southern side of the garden plot. Sunny places it is simply contraindicated. Requires special protection from the winter sunlight. Does not tolerate drought. Its branches are olive-violet, the large elliptical leaves change their color from dark green to yellow-orange with the onset of autumn.

Norway holly Ilex Aquifolium

Holly gold-leaved variety Silver Queen Ilex Aquifolium Silver Queen Silver Queen photo

Wild plant species are common in southern Europe, the expanses of North America and in Asia Minor. It can be represented as a dwarf evergreen. But also holly holly is called a tree, reaching a height of 15 meters. Its dense pyramidal or oval crown is formed by short spreading branches.

For the oblong-ovate short-leafed plant is characterized by a wavy edge, triangular teeth and large spines. White flowers, located on short pedicels, very fragrant. Bright red fruits of spherical shape, the diameter of which reaches 1 cm, can be preserved throughout the winter on their stalks.

And although the holly holly is considered to be a frost-resistant culture that can withstand temperatures of - 22 ° C, this is not enough for central Russia, and the plant has to be cultivated in the winter garden. He loves shady places, maybe that is why he does not differ in rapid growth. It has a lifespan of up to 100 years. It is amenable to molding, with the help of which it acquires a spherical or pyramidal shape. In general, different forms of the holly holly are characterized by a discrepancy in the shape of the leaf and the crown, in the color gamut of the fruit. Often the holly holly can be found in the beech, fir and spruce forests of the North Caucasus.

This type of plant has small differences from its European brother. Therefore, botanists have united them under the name "Colchis Holly", small leaves of which permeate strongly incised veins, and "Narrow-fruited holly", the foliage of which is large, and the fruit has a narrow stone. Its origin is the Colchian holly from the regions of Asia Minor and Transcaucasia. In these places, it is a small tree, up to 2.5 m in height, with springy drooping branches or a bush that spreads along the ground. In central Russia, shrubs grow up to 0.5 meters tall. Its dark green leathery leaves are prickly, jagged. With the onset of autumn frosts frosting, but, thanks to the ability to recover, grows anew.

Ilex crenata holly

Gorodchaty Holly Ilex crenata `Convexa` photo

His homeland is considered the island of Sakhalin and the Kuril chain. The city holly is a tall tree, up to 7 meters high. Rarely found in the form of a bush. This look is very decorative. Its thick, like a boxwood, greens are pruned. The Japanese prefer the dwarf look of the sloppy holly and love to cut these bushes very much. In the Crimean-Caucasian region, the plant grows very slowly and almost does not bear fruit.

Paraguayan holly Ilex paraguariensis

Holly Paraguayan Ilex paraguariensis photo

The name speaks for itself, this plant comes from Paraguay - a country from central Africa, where the climate is very hot. Distributed in Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil. Tea from the leaves of the Paraguayan holly is called mate and has healing properties. The drink has a tonic effect and is brewed from dried leaves.

Holly Colchian Ilex colchica

Holly Colchis Ilex colchica photo

The shrub grows to a height of up to half a meter, it perfectly endures the conditions of central Russia. Dense leathery leaves with spines on the edge of a densely covered crown. The rich dark green color of the leaves is luxuriously enhanced by the waxy shine of the surface.

Hybrid holly

In the suburbs grow short stumped holly and its hybrid varieties. The hybrid obtained by crossing the common Korean with a wrinkled holly has especially taken root. Its name is mezerva. It has frost resistance.
The variety “Blue Maid” differs from the others in that the same-sex flowers are located on the same plant, although its green leaves do not have luster and are not as showy as, for example, the “Blue Angel”. Most varieties are red or yellow. They are very well preserved throughout the winter. The branches of the plant (always with bright fruits) West Europeans decorate the premises for Christmas.

Holly Meserva Blue Maid Photo Planting and Care

Large orange fruits on the background of white snow and green coniferous trees look very attractive. Sometimes flower shops offer branches of plants for decorating flower arrangements.

Popular varieties of holly in landscape design photo

Holly is an excellent choice for the formation of a hedge: dwarf varieties of short stature have excellent decorative properties, grow slowly and tolerate a haircut without serious consequences.

Yellow variegated holly platyagus Argente Marginata Argentea Marginata photo

Very popular variegated varieties, characterized by the presence of bright border on the edge of the leaves. The plants look very elegant, and the yellow berries are unusual.

Ilex aquifolium Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Milkmaid’ photo

The variety Silver Milkmaid has a very unusual shape of leaves, as if twisted. The dark green color with bright yellow strokes looks fantastic.

Holly gold-leaved variety Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Milkboy’ photo

Interesting is the Silver Milkboy variety with milky-white leaf centers and dark green edges of curly leaves with sharp carved edges.

Holly gold-leaved hands New Silver Ilex aquifolium ‘Handsworth New Silver’ photo

Very popular is the holly variety of holly gold-bearing hands New Silver - it has almost no thorns, the leaves have a slightly elongated shape. Variety variegated: the edges of the leaves are milky-white, but the berries retain a bright scarlet color. Thanks to such contrasts, the variety is very decorative.

Holly Golden King Ilex x Altaclerensis Golden king

The original decoration of the garden and square will be the sort of golden king Ilex x altaclerensis golden king. Unusual wide leaves with small teeth, yellow broad border around the edge. Rare bright scarlet fruits, like beads, are scattered on branches.

Holly Mezerva ‘Blue Princess’ photo

Mezerva hybrids have good frost resistance, thanks to which they have become fond of the inhabitants of the middle belt and the Moscow region.

Where to plant holly?

This culture is good because it does not require special attention when growing. However, the choice of a place for holly should be approached with all responsibility. Best of all holly growers in shaded areas protected from the wind. It is advisable to plant them in light and nutritious soil with good water permeability.

Holly in landscape design

Holly can be planted alone or in groups. And in fact, and in another case, they will look just great.

As has already been said, holly hedges from hollows retain their shape for a long time and reliably protect the site from strong wind.

You can grow holly in topiary. In this capacity, dwarf trees stylized as bonsai will look especially good.

Not bad combined holly and with other ornamental shrubs and trees (euonymus, hydrangea, magonia).

Holly is a plant that in many cultures has magical properties. But even if you do not believe in magic, the trees, thanks to their unusual leaves with pointed edges, will protect you, for example, from uninvited guests. It is only necessary to land the hollies on the perimeter of the site.