The legs of pheasants are quite long, while running fast, the body rises high above the ground. They feed mainly on plant food (seeds, berries, greens and rhizomes of plants), but they also do not refuse insects and worms. At the beginning, the chicks consume animal feed, with age switching to vegetable food.
The males have a bright appearance and long tail, the neck is bright green or blue-violet. Females are more modest in appearance: gray in brown or black speck. Feathers with a metallic sheen. Length of males up to 80 cm, less females. Weigh 1–2 kg, silver pheasant (meat breed) weighs 1.2 kg at 7 months.
Purchase of eggs, chicks or adults
There are three main ways to base your pheasant farm:
- Catching wild pheasant in natural conditions.
- Purchase of hatching eggs
- Purchase of young or adult birds from breeders.
Buying hatching eggs does not require large financial expenditures, if you have incubators and hens as hens. That is, it means that you have at least the experience of breeding chickens. The second important point for the successful breeding of eggs - careful transportation. Eliminate shaking and temperature changes.
The most productive option for beginners is to purchase grown young animals of 4–5 weeks of age. Healthy young animals are mobile, with a pronounced reflex to the search for food, are well and quickly oriented in space, in the environment. Mandatory dried up, well-healed umbilical cord. The skin is pale pink, beak and nostrils without extraneous growths. The first 3-4 months have no gender differences.
In addition to young stock for successful breeding of pheasants, the purchase of adult breeding individuals from 9 months is well worth it. It is best to buy grown-up pheasants in the fall so that they become comfortable during the winter and begin to multiply in the spring. The younger the bird, the faster it gets used to new conditions and begins to multiply. Breeding is better to start with the hunting breeds, they are more unpretentious.
Outside of the breeding season, pheasants are kept in same-sex groups or in small flocks. Tokanie begins in early spring with an increase in daylight. The male during the tokovan period protects his breeding area from rivals. In some species, females compete for nesting territory.
Many species of pheasants are monogamous, some polygamous. Often, pairs are saved only for the period of egg-laying, much less often for the entire breeding period (before hatching). For example, peacock pheasants are strictly monogamous and do not get along with other pheasants and hens. Keep them in pairs, otherwise there are fights to the death between the males. They live quite peacefully with other species of birds: geese, ducks, pigeons. Hunting pheasant is polygamous in nature (2–3 females), but if in the population the preponderance of males remains with one female.
Most Popular Breeds
- Diamond. From the highlands of China. Decorative, sensitive to frost. Up to 30 eggs per season. It is necessary to add in the diet of fish oil, vitamins, herbs. Weight up to 1 kg. Monogamous
- Silver. Most popular due to high productivity. Sensitive to drafts, tolerates cold. High egg production and rapid weight gain. Weight up to 4–5 kg. Up to 50 eggs per season.
- Steppe hunting. Adapted to our climate. Not afraid of changes in temperature, unpretentious to the diet, strong immunity. Weight up to 2.5 kg, up to 45 eggs per season. Monogamy depends on the circumstances.
- Gold. Decorative breed. 25 eggs per season. Weight just over 1 kg. Heat-loving. Add to the feed vitamins, herbs, fish oil. He lives in families, polygamy.
Reproduction and microclimate
Males of the pheasant begin to flow with the onset of spring in March – April. The female begins to lay eggs after 14–20 days from the onset of toking. A few days after mating, the female pheasant builds a nest. It is usually located under a shrub or tuft of grass, some species (horned and glossy pheasants) use the old nests of other birds on shrubs and trees. Shrubs are preferable not only for nesting, but also feeding and overnight. The nest is covered with dry stalks, leaves of plants, feathers and down.
For breeding a spacious enclosure is required. In families, there are 2–3 females per 1 male, with a larger number, the percentage of fertilized eggs and egg production fall. Depending on the breed planted in couples or families. Males sit down to the female in February-March. The tribal period is April – August.
Age for mating: females 8–18 months, males 1–2.5 years. After 2-3 years of age, the birds do not mate. A month before mating, antibiotics are introduced into the diet of females to improve egg production and increase the number of fertilized eggs.
In the enclosures planted shrubs in which the female can lay eggs. For non-estates of shrubs, small huts of tied stalks of reeds, reeds, cereals or corn tops are put up. Under a bush or tent, they dig a shallow hole, cover it with dry stems, leaves, twigs, feathers, down, moss. For horned and peacock pheasants, baskets of wicker and willow rods are fixed on trees or nailed to walls. Females during the nesting period are very shy and excitable. During the breeding period, the males fight to the death.
In separate pens, pheasants are held from February to August, then transferred to a common aviary. Pheasant is very sensitive to cold. In a warm house, they consume less feed and grow faster, heat does not go into the surrounding space.
Excretion in the incubator and under the hen
Pheasants are very susceptible to stress, noise and loud sounds. From this falls egg production. Females often forget where they laid eggs, you need to check all the nooks of the enclosure. The addition of antibiotics during the breeding season increases the number of fertilized eggs by 35–40%. In winter, daylight hours extend to 14 hours.
In horned pheasants, the female lays 3–6 eggs every other day. To obtain the largest number of eggs you need to timely remove them from the nest. During the season you can get 4-5 clutches. It incubates and grows. Peacock pheasant lays 2 eggs weighing 30 g each. Silver has about 50 eggs per season. Laying duration 2.5–3 months. The mass of one egg is 30–35 g. Golden pheasant breeds successfully in captivity. The female lays eggs from April to 1 every other day. In laying up to 12–16 eggs.
Eggs are stored no more than a week, small in size, with a thin shell. Breed in an incubator or under dwarf hens-bentankami. When removing the temperature in the incubator 38.5 ° C, humidity 60–70%, hatching process 24 hours. From 1 to 15 days in the incubator requires high humidity and heat, on the contrary, ventilation is weak. Then, starting from the 15th day, the humidity and temperature are reduced, and ventilation is increased for better gas exchange of the developing embryos. During the hatching period (when a squeak is already heard in the eggs), the humidity again increases.
Eggs for incubation can not be stored under direct sunlight, hatchability decreases. 13–14 hunting pheasant eggs can be laid under the bentamka hen. It is recommended to enclose an odd number, so they are more densely located in the nest and it is more convenient for the hen to turn them over. On the 8th day of incubation, check eggs with an ovoscope.
Mixed way: the first 12 days under the hen, the rest of the time in the incubator. This increases the hatchability of chicks. Allows you to reduce the number of bantamok chicks and increase hatchability. The bantams are kept warm, with additional lighting and in comfortable conditions, so that they begin to rush early and by the time the pheasant eggs appear, they were ready to hatch the eggs of others, they became seated.
Causes of poor hatchability:
- Defective eggs with the wrong diet of the parent flock,
- Incorrect storage and incubation mode,
- Infectious diseases of the hens, transmitted to the embryo, which hit the egg that was laid,
- Deformities, with closely related mating.
They feed the chicks in the first 8–12 hours after hatching.
Conditions of detention
They contain pheasants in spacious enclosures with a warm shed. In small open-air cages poorly acclimatized and sick, especially tuberculosis. The walls of the enclosure are 1.5–2.0 m, the top should be covered with a nylon mesh in order to avoid injuring flying birds. The floor of the enclosure is made sandy so that pheasants can arrange dust baths. If the floor is clay, put a box with sand or ash. For one bird in the aviary calculated 2 m2. On the three sides of the grid with the fourth - a pen with a canopy to protect from the sun and rain. Shrubs are planted. Willow baskets in the trees as nests.
The constant temperature in the chicken enclosure is 27–30 ° C, it is necessary to heat the house up to 2 months of age. On the first day they feed on boiled egg, grated carrots (up to 2/3), crushed white bread. Protein food, flour worms. At 1.5 weeks they peck on their own. In the fourth week, they are transferred to the usual feed for chickens, at 5 months they are transferred to adult feed. From 5–6 months youngsters are considered adults.
Ornamental pheasants are fastidious in terms of nutrition: grated vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, cabbage, potatoes), protein components 24–28%, grains (corn, barley, wheat). Hunter and silver love dry berries of mountain ash, chokeberry, dogrose and apples.
For proper digestion, birds need gravel (pieces of quartz, granite, river sand, small pebbles).
Directions of sales of products from the farm pheasant:
- Dietary hypoallergenic eggs for culinary purposes,
- Delicious meat in the elite restaurants,
- Decorative breeds for country mini-zoos,
- In hunting grounds,
- Making scarecrows to decorate restaurants, hunting lodges, lovers,
- Decorative feathers in art workshops for the manufacture of hats and designer, theatrical costumes.
Poultry-like large birds stand out for grace and beautiful plumage. Only pheasant males have bright feathers, and females have a darker painted color. For home breeding, farmers often use ornamental, meat and egg species of birds.Golden pheasant brought from China. The appearance of the male decorative breed fully displays the name of the species of bird. On the head there is a lush crest of golden-yellow color, a high collar of bright orange feathers with a velvety black edging of the tips surrounds the neck. Feathers above the tail also shimmer in a golden hue.Diamond Pheasants also extraordinarily beautiful, they are often purchased for zoos. Homeland habitat - Tibet. The male of thermophilic breed has a black tuft, feathers have red blotches on the end. The forehead, cheeks, chin and throat area, back and sides are covered with shiny green feathers. Light feathers with a dark border are silver on the nape and neck collar. The breast, abdomen and “pants” are completely white. Pinetail feathers stand out in length and bright red color.
Steppe Hunting Pheasant - a representative of the egg breed. It gets along well in temperate climates. The breed has a strong immunity, is not afraid of sudden changes in temperature and unpretentious to the diet. For breeding meat poultry it is better to opt for a silver pheasant. Its long beautiful feathers are used to make decorative accessories and stuffed animals.
Choose a breed of bird, not only in appearance - consider easy pheasant care. At the initial stage of doing business, buy representatives of the hunting breed of birds. They are most adapted to our climate.
Bird Content Requirement
Organizing a farm for breeding pheasants will require considerable material investments. For advantageous breeding, you need to take care of a suitable space for keeping families of pheasants (effective area of an enclosure is 5 sq. M.). Before the start of construction, you need to decide on the breed of bird for breeding:
- birds for hunting better kept in high cages so that they learn to fly,
- meat breeds will not require high barriers
- taking into account the resistance of the rock to frost instead of transferring individuals to warmed winter houses, consider a removable fence and a roof for an open-air cage during the winter period.
Each breed has individual requirements for everyday food. Feed must contain adequate amounts of calcium and protein. With a lack of food pheasants can eat their neighbors in the aviary.
Bird needs to create as close as possible to the wild nature. Therefore, with a lack of experience in the breeding of poultry, it is desirable to acquire grown young.
An adult female produces about a hundred eggs per year. Physically, she is not able to incubate such an amount. In solving the problem will help the construction of the incubator. The device will quickly pay for all investments, because pheasant chicks are in constant demand in the market. Incubation for any kind of bird will always seem to be a complicated technological process. Pheasants practically never breed in captivity, so it is important to equip the incubator and the warmed cages for future offspring.Females begin to lay eggs approximately 14–20 days after mating. It is advisable to move the hatched eggs from the hen after 20-22 days to the incubator. From the beginning of the laying period, pheasants rapidly increase their egg production until the end of spring - the beginning of summer. Then the number of eggs laid gradually decreases. Provided that the farmer picks the laid eggs daily, The female during the nesting period will be able to give about five dozen.
Getting pheasant from home farm eggs is an affordable and budget option. But the growing offspring produced in their household is not always enough. Buy pheasant chickens from neighboring farmers. When buying young stock, choose a well-fed and lively specimens, without visible external damage. The first 3-4 months chicks have no sex differences, the final color is visible in the second year of life after summer molting. The broken feather in the wing of a chick is not considered a serious defect. In exchange for the torn out in two or three weeks, the new will grow. Every year, at the beginning of the summer season, the plumage is gradually updated.
If you managed to prepare eggs in an incubator for hatching pheasant, prepare for the first three days to maintain a stable temperature of + 28 ° C. For food, cook a boiled egg, finely chopped together with greens, and feeding with flour worms is allowed. The following month, gradually reduce the temperature to + 20 ° C in order to prepare young pheasants for life in an open-air cage. Grown up youngsters can take food intended for adult farm pheasants.
In wild natural conditions, pheasants fly away at first danger or hide in branches of bushes or low tree crowns. The habitual refuge created on the farm in the form of an aviary for a pair of birds should have a minimum size of 1.5 x 2 m. The roost for a night's sleep is made of wooden stubs at a height of up to 2 meters.
There are some rules for arranging an enclosure for a pheasant:
- for arranging the house, give preference to a dry place,
- wall material - galvanized steel, mesh size - 16 x 24 mm (to protect the feed from theft by other birds),
- a layer of sand with ash admixture (up to 10%) is the best option for sprinkling the floor covering of an open-air cage, it requires replacement after heavy contamination with bird waste,
- to protect the house from rodents, it is desirable to provide a grid under the layer of sand,
- Pheasants practice “bathing”, so put low trays with the above-mentioned mixture of ash and sand in the cage,
- take care of reliable installation of steel feeders and drinkers - the pheasant should not turn over or climb on their feet,
- at the beginning of the nesting period, the aviary is supplemented with special huts for females with two outlets of reeds or reeds; to simplify nesting, females throw dry leaves, moss and grass, thin branches of trees
- portable cages should be equipped with upper shading from the sun's rays,
- The back walls of the aviary should be protected from windy and rainy weather with a polycarbonate sheet.
- An open-air cage should be adapted to quickly find laid eggs - females tend to forget their laying places and this role is transferred to the farmer.
In addition to the above items do not need to invent additional tools for breeding pheasants at home in order to avoid crowding for birds. A decorative enclosure in the garden with a true imitation of the usual space for birds in the wild will require more territory. To decorate the landscape, it will be necessary to plant living trees and bushes for a perch and to set up a flowing stream (reservoir).
Маточное стадо формируется из крупного здорового молодняка, полученного от активных яйценоских фазанок. Оптимальный возраст для спаривания:
- для самок – от 8 до 18 месяцев,
- для самцов – от 1 до 2,5 лет.
In the cage during the mating season, one male and two to three females are placed. For the formation of a family pheasant it is necessary to select individuals that are not united by kinship. If selected birds for a family show no interest in mating, family members should be replaced by others.
Feeding pheasants during the mating season is slightly different. A month before the nesting period, special preparations with antibiotic action are introduced into the diet of adults. This is important for increasing the egg production of pheasant in the breeding season (20-45%). Antibiotics increase the number of fertilized eggs. On 1 kg of feed injected one of the drugs in the dose:
- 21.5 g erythromycin,
- 0.3 g penicillin sodium,
- 1.1 g of terramix,
- 0.7 g biovita-40,
- 0.02 g of biomitsin.
By the beginning of the nesting period for obtaining new offspring, it is necessary to carefully clean and disinfect the cells of the house. For females should be created optimal conditions for the arrangement of nests. In the wild, pheasant nests in the bushes. Taking into account this feature, several rare bushes are planted or several sheaves are put up closely, closely interconnected, resembling a hut construction. Desirable material for the "shelter" of the female:
- cereal stalks,
- corn tops,
Features breeding pheasants
If you have not yet been able to learn from your own experience how to grow pheasants at home, start by purchasing young stock for the farm. It is important to do this in different regions of the country. Breeding chicks by kinship incest will lead to low resistance of the brood to diseases and poor fertility rates. Keep track of the number of females in each aviary - they should not be more than three individuals per male.
During the mating period, you need to carefully observe the behavior of the male. Sometimes he shows pronounced aggression towards females. For the comfort of females construct special protective captive fences. In them the birds will be in complete safety and will be able to nest for the laying of fertilized eggs. For too active males, sometimes it is necessary to increase the number of females to 4-7 individuals.Before buying a sexual partner for poultry, ask the seller about the method of creating cells characteristic of this breed. They come in two varieties: monogamous and polygamous. For the second species, 3-4 females will be needed, and this will lead to a decrease in egg laying. Monogamous families are settled in pairs in separate cells. Pheasants show unprecedented aggressiveness towards males of their own species, but at the same time they get along quietly, for example, with smaller songbirds. When choosing "neighbors" in the house, stop the choice on unpretentious and granivorous rocks.
Pheasants are unpretentious to feed. For everyday meals fit:
- greens (plantain leaves, wood lice, dandelions),
- leftover food from your table (cereal, cottage cheese, chopped vegetables, pastries, pieces of meat),
- grain mixes (sunflower seeds, corn kernels, oats, millet, millet, etc.),
- legumes (beans, peas, soybeans),
- berries and fruits from your garden:
- insects and worms.
In the marriage period, the feed should be allocated calories. In winter, balance the food with healthy dry rowan berries and apples. The daily rate of food in the cold season - 75-80 g. In the summer, crushed lime, chalk, and shell rock are mixed into the food - important substances for the formation of the shell and beautiful plumage. It is important to monitor enough water in the drinkers.
10.10.2018 admin Comments No Comments
Breeding and growing pheasants as a business
If you used to do farm business, for example, breeding chickens at home. but now look for a looser and more promising niche, then I recommend that you pay attention to growing pheasants as a business. This area of business has many advantages, which are worth talking in more detail.
How to breed pheasants at home
Birds are grown for further slaughter for meat, which is considered a delicacy and is very expensive. Pheasant meat has a delicate flavor and is considered dietary due to its low fat content. Therefore, the aristocrats for a long time simply adored the meat of this bird. Today, the demand for it has not faded away, the only thing is that pheasant meat in restaurants is quite expensive, so not everyone can afford to eat it. The fact of the matter is that pheasant meat gets on the counters of supermarkets and restaurants from abroad and this is the reason for the high cost of these products.
Thus, we can conclude that the business of breeding pheasants is quite a profitable field of activity. The disadvantage is only that the cultivation of pheasants, in contrast to the breeding of wavy parrots at home. requires a lot more space. Choosing this type of activity, you need to immediately take into account the cost of renting a large area.
Where to buy pheasants for breeding at home?
Growing birds is easy, they are not too whimsical in the stern and conditions of detention.
Therefore, special difficulties in breeding pheasants you will not have.
To breed pheasants at home is quite acceptable. The first thing you need to buy young. Consider the nuance that it is better to buy birds from different farmers, so that the offspring would be healthy and full.
For growing pheasants you need to purchase an incubator, its cost is about 1000 rubles. One female is able to produce about 20 eggs per season.
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In order to grow pheasants, eggs should be placed in an incubator and after a month there will be lovely little birds. It is worth noting that the beautiful, colorful bird color is obtained after molting (after 2 months).
For small chicks, proper care is necessary, they are born weak and require special feeding and maintenance at a certain temperature in comfortable conditions.
Pheasants grow very quickly and already after 4-5 months they become adult birds ready for slaughter for meat. Such a fairly fast ripening period allows you to get the first profit after a short time and achieve a return on business in a short time.
It is recommended to slaughter large males for meat, females, should be left for further breeding.
Young chicks pheasants up to 2 months should be kept in a specially equipped aviary. They need to constantly monitor and care.
In a cage that contains a bird you need to pour sand and small pebbles, pheasants love to bask in such conditions.
Two months later, pheasants grow and can be released to adult birds.
How to equip the enclosure for pheasants?
Growing pheasants at home means equipping a special place where the bird will feel comfortable, grow quickly and gain weight.
Building an enclosure is quite a costly business, costing you several thousand dollars. It is necessary to comply with the norms of SES regarding the content of this species of bird. According to the requirements, the height of the enclosure must be such that the birds have learned to fly freely. This is especially true for hunters, because if pheasants do not learn to fly, then the bird will not be of any interest. If you breed pheasants only for slaughtering, then it is not necessary to adhere to these requirements.
On average, one pheasant requires a space of at least 2 square meters. m. but preferably more, only then will this wild bird feel comfortable.
The enclosure walls should be made of welded metal mesh, covered with a nylon fishing net from above, so that the birds could not fly away.
Eating an ordinary chicken and pheasant is almost the same, so you will not have much difficulty at this stage.
Young animals must be fed more vitamin food: boiled eggs, greens, mealworms. Chicks are required to be fed every two hours during the day and 1-2 times at night.
Adult birds are fed the same as chickens. On average, the pheasant consumes 80–100 g. feed a day, it is several times smaller than a regular chicken.
We discussed the rules for breeding and keeping pheasants at home, and you were convinced that there were no particular difficulties in raising this bird. Now it is necessary to talk about the market, how to get the benefit of this business.
Pheasants are bred for various purposes: for hunting, slaughtering for meat, selling eggs and feathers. Let's take a closer look at these options for the implementation of the finished product.
Selling pheasant eggs as a business
Pheasant produces a lot of eggs per season. A certain part of them, naturally, remains for breeding, other eggs can be profitably realized. The cost of eggs depends on the time of year, but on average a dozen pheasant eggs cost about 300-500 rubles.
The benefits of pheasant eggs have long been known. They are more nutritious and healthy than chicken. Especially appreciated for not causing allergies, so they can be included in the diet of young children. The demand for pheasant eggs is big enough, it will not be difficult to implement them.
Selling birds to hunting organizations as a business
To breed and grow pheasants at home for the sale of birds to hunting clubs is quite a profitable business. As noted above, for this you need to adhere to special rules for keeping pheasants; you also need to sign agreements with relevant organizations in advance.
Pheasant hunting is entertainment for rich people. Such a fascinating activity was popular since ancient times, only wealthy people could afford to go hunting. Today, you can buy birds for hunting in the farm, which is engaged in the breeding of pheasants. The cost of one bird is about 30-50 dollars, so not everyone can experience the pleasure of hunting this beautiful wild bird.
This way of earning is quite profitable. You can breed pheasants for hunting as a basic or additional income.
Breeding pheasants for slaughtering for meat
As noted above, the meat of this bird is a delicacy and is in great demand. In the restaurant, the cost of pheasant meat will be very high. Therefore, many farmers grow pheasants for slaughtering for meat. For this purpose, a special type of bird is displayed, it is fattened to a certain weight (about 2–2.5 kg).
The cost of the carcass is quite high, about 1,500 rubles, so finding pheasant meat in supermarkets is almost impossible. You can buy meat from farmers under the order.
Pheasant meat is served only in elite restaurants, and this dish is expensive. You can sell your products by signing contracts with prestigious establishments and sanatoriums. To make it better in advance, an established sales channel is the path to the success of the entire business.
Pheasant feathers can also be realized they are used to create jewelry and souvenirs.
The main thing is to find a profitable sales channel. To do this, you need to conduct a competent advertising campaign.
In general, we can conclude that the cultivation and cultivation of pheasants at home is a profitable business, promising a good, stable income. I recommend doing this type of business to the villagers, in the countryside there is much more opportunity to realize this idea. If you are worried that you will not cope with the breeding of exotic birds, we recommend that you start with a simple, for example, organize, business in growing broiler turkeys at home. I wish you success.
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What is needed to organize a pheasant farm?
In fact, in the breeding and maintenance of these birds are not much different from chickens. However, because of their ability to fly, it is necessary to equip an open-air cage, for the manufacture of which you will need a netting chain-link with a cell of 2.5x2.5 cm. A stretched nylon mesh will fit as a roof.
The area required for the maintenance of pheasants is determined at the rate of 4 square meters per bird. Additionally, you should purchase an incubator.
On average, one female takes 1 egg in 2 days. Eggs need to be taken away right away so that other birds will not eat them, and in order for the female to rush more. Eggs are incubated for a month. In the first 3 weeks in the incubator it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 38 degrees, humidity - not more than 60%. This is very important because the chicks are still very weak.
Juveniles at first need to be kept in separate enclosures, since pheasants of different age categories can be aggressive with each other while being kept in captivity. After reaching 2 months of age, pheasant can be placed in a common enclosure with adult birds. They feed the youngsters with greens, worms, boiled eggs. Adult pheasants are fed simple chicken feed.
The cost of maintaining one pheasant up to 6 months of age is about $ 5-6. During the season, one female can carry up to 50 eggs. Chickens can be sold for $ 2 apiece.
Good luck to you in this interesting and environmentally friendly business!
Pets are our best friends, but various animals can get into trouble. When they get sick, it is very important to contact a veterinarian who is able to help quickly and efficiently. You can make a complete examination, x-ray in a veterinary clinic and everything possible to save your pet. Diagnostic studies allow time to take care of the animal and prevent the development of many diseases.
Animal Breeding Business Ideas
Cultivation and maintenance of pheasants at home
Today we will talk about all the advantages and nuances of keeping pheasants at home. And also consider all the characteristics that are inherent in the cultivation of this species. As you know, the tradition of breeding and keeping pheasants originated in ancient Greece. Their tender meat was especially in demand at the time of abundant feasts, and the hunt for these beautiful birds could not leave indifferent any noble grandee. The name of the bird received from the name of the Greek river "Fazais."
Demand over the course of a century has not faded away. On the contrary, home breeding of pheasants has now acquired a somewhat different significance: they are still kept for further shooting during the hunt, but many also discovered the charms of the pheasant meat business, which brings substantial income at any time of the year.
Where should you start your own business? How to grow and care for pheasants?
Breeding pheasants at home for beginners
Selection of chicks. Preference should be given to purchasing young stock from experienced breeders. This will avoid undesirable problems in the future (the discrepancy between the grown pheasants of the initially acquired breed, problems in the development of birds, etc.). Naturally, the chicks must be energetic, while not having any external defects. Be careful when choosing them, because it is the basis of your future business! Some prefer to initially go by the method of incubation, buying pheasant eggs. But it is very troublesome and does not always give the expected results. At the slightest deviations in the process, you can simply not get offspring, and all will have to start all over again, losing time and money.
Place for content. Mostly pheasants live in aviaries, where they should create all the necessary conditions. They should be close to natural. There should be a lot of space (for each individual, at least two square meters). Be sure to take care of the cozy houses for the rest, hatching eggs, as well as a quality shed. The whole area should be fenced with a special grid. It is highly desirable to plant several bushes in one of the parts of the fence, so that the birds feel comfortable and safe. In winter, take care of good lighting: the shorter the daylight hours, the worse it is for the growth and development of your birds. The open-air cage should be kept clean all the time, cleaning it from litter and feathers. Cleaning is done every 1-2 days.
Feeding. It is important to observe the diet, if possible, giving food every day at exact hours. Pheasants are pretty smart birds, so they remember well when lunch or dinner should come. Что интересно, они довольно быстро привыкают к хозяину и способны различать, кто именно их кормит, поэтому они приветливо реагируют на появление в вольере «своих». Не забывайте о подкормке витаминами и минералами. Это очень важно для растущих особей. Покупайте только качественные корма и добавки. Фазаны имеют отличный аппетит, так что отдайте предпочтение кормам с высоким содержанием протеина и калорий.Mostly they are fed corn, wheat, barley, herbs, and also add fresh vegetables to the diet. Curiously, the best gift for your birds will be a handful of Colorado beetles, which they madly love to eat!
Other nuances. Many are concerned about the wintering of pheasants.
Bird pheasant and conditions of its content: personal experience
Due to its thick plumage and a sufficient layer of subcutaneous fat, birds can tolerate even great frosts very well. The main thing is to increase the feeding intensity in winter. In winter, they have an increased appetite and they gain weight better!
Note. The female often forgets where she laid her eggs, so do not be lazy to periodically inspect the aviary for new clutches. If they are found, transfer the eggs to a specially designated place where the bird can provide them with proper care. During the nesting period, protect your pheasants from the slightest stress: do not disturb them unnecessarily, do not make sudden movements, do not let outsiders in the aviary, get rid of noise sources. It is better to get an incubator in which the eggs of pheasants will be in stable, supported conditions, which will give you a good breed.
Why pheasant business is very profitable
Breeding pheasants at home as a business has several critical economic rationales. First of all, you should pay attention to the fact that this is actually a non-waste production. That's because absolutely everything is in high demand:
- Live birds (purchased as a pet or for hunting, which is very profitable and popular not only in the territory of the CIS countries).
- Dietary eggs.
- Fine feathers.
- Litter (it is great for fertilizing soil!).
Important! It is worthwhile to take care in advance of the ways of selling pheasant meat, having reached a preliminary agreement with future buyers (usually preference is given to supermarkets, restaurants and cafes, as well as individuals).
The benefits of pheasant meat are simply enormous:
- High taste.
- It is much better suited to people who are prone to allergies.
- And finally, exotic!
Growing livestock in the farm is based not only on the purpose of keeping (for hunting, getting meat or eggs), but also on the physiological characteristics of birds (Figure 1).Figure 1. Features of incubation at home
Depending on the breed, there is a clear separation between family and group content. Family implies living in one aviary only the family of the male and female. With a group on the run, one male with 4-5 females is released.
It is also important to take into account that they have a bad memory, so females lay eggs throughout the enclosure. Because of this feature, you need to immediately build a walk so that the owner does not spend a lot of time searching for clutches.
Breeding pheasants in the farm
Many novice poultry farmers are interested in the question of why such cultivation is practiced not only in large but also in small farms. This is due, primarily, a wide market for products.
First, they are kept to produce eggs for their own consumption and for sale. Secondly, carcasses are in high demand in the market and thirdly, they are used for further sale to zoological and hunting farms.
Growing this type is considered quite profitable business. In addition to the cost of building an enclosure (which will last you more than one year) and the purchase of feed, there will be practically no other financial waste.
All adults tolerate even the most severe frosts, so installing additional heaters in the house is not necessary. In addition, the market has a very high demand not only for eggs and meat, but also for live animals, which are fed and sold to hunting farms.
Silver Pheasant: breeding
The silvery breed is valued for its unusual color and beautiful tuft on the head. She was bred in China, but is now successfully grown in our country (Figure 4).
Birds are unpretentious, but it will be better if you arrange for them a spacious aviary with a small poultry house, trees and shrubs around the perimeter. From above the open-air cage necessarily cover with a grid that birds did not fly away.Figure 4. Growing silvery rock at home
You can feed them with any cereals, fresh greens, wet mash and chopped root vegetables.
Royal Pheasant: breeding
Royal also belongs to elite breeds, so it is often bred for further sale in hunting farms and zoos (Figure 5).Figure 5. Representatives of the royal breed
This breed rather willingly breeds in captivity, but, as is the case with other species, it is better to hatch in an incubator.
Feeding the chicks
After the primary egg feed, cereal impurities are gradually introduced into the daily diet of pheasant. The diet of chicks should contain:
- ½ corn by weight of food,
- grain in a similar amount
- barley (not more than 40% of feed content).
Content in winter
Pheasant is considered to be cold-resistant bird. But owners of pheasant farms recommend sticking to special conditions for keeping pheasants in winter. In cold weather, pheasants are whimsical to the lack of free space in the cage. For climatic zones where persistent winter frosts can be traced, it is advisable to adapt the aviary for wintering birds. The bottom of the cells is lined with warm material, sheds are constructed to protect against frosty wind. The open-air cage is complemented with artificial tube lighting so that birds do not forget to use the right amount of food.
In winter, the nutrition is sure to improve - the diet should be diversified by the introduction of vitamin supplements, fish oil or yeast (3 g per pheasant). Gradually, from the end of autumn it is necessary to increase the daily dose of grain by 5 g per bird. Winter diet includes:
- grain mixtures of corn, sunflower, millet,
- dry greens (hay from dandelions, clovers and herbs),
- fruits of rowan and chokeberry berries, apples.
Protection against parasites and diseasesPay attention to the state of health of the bird, if you notice a violation in the usual routine. Pheasants of different breeds suffer from three types of ailments: infectious, non-infectious, invasive.
The first view includes smallpox. Infectious disease often leads to the death of birds. Signs of smallpox: rash on the paws and on the scalp, where feathers do not grow, heavy breathing and hoarseness in the voice, general exhaustion and loss of appetite. The illness is treated with antiviral drugs, the rash that has arisen is treated with a solution of lugol.
Laryngotracheitis virus transmitted by air, after eating feed and water contaminated with pathogens. The latent period is 1-5 days. Symptoms of illness: poor appetite, coughing and sneezing, shortness of breath, decreased egg production in females, defective eggs and eggs. Treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian after the results of tests in the laboratory.
Aspergillosis causes fungal infection. The disease affects the bronchi and air sacs. Signs of a fungal disease: excessive thirst, increased interest in drinking, cyanosis of the beak and legs. To get rid of the avian fungus, the veterinarian prescribes antifungal aerosols.
The group of non-communicable diseases includes dermatitis. After a skin injury, inflammation of the red color occurs, and over time a brown crust covers it. The disease requires an integrated approach and the duration of treatment with antibiotics and vitamin preparations. Skin wounds should be lubricated with iodine solution.Emphysema causes the formation of unnatural bumps throughout the body, which are mixed with pressure. After piercing the air escapes from the holes. The cause of the disease lies in the rupture of the walls of the air sac. Signs: stillness of pheasant, refusal to eat. Ailment is treated by limiting mobility by placing it in a tight cage and applying a cloth dressing on the wings. Bubbles should be constantly pierced and treated with antiseptic liquids.
The third type of disease characteristic of domestic pheasants is scabies. Skin disease is caused by ticks. Signs of scabies: calcareous growths from the corner of the beak, gradual baldness of the head, damage to the feather cover of the body. For treatment, the affected areas are carefully cleaned and lubricated with a solution of neguven (0.15%).
Pheasants are also at risk small louse in the warm season. Carriers of larvae pests are mosquitoes and midges. Pheasants on their own cope with the disease due to "bathing" from a mixture of ash and sand. In advanced cases, the body must be treated with insecticidal drugs.
There are several ways to make a profit from the pheasant farm. Profitable type of earnings is considered selling pheasant eggs. By nature, females lay several times more eggs than they can sit. Incubator equipment and sale of chicks. Quick payback - within one month you will be able to return the funds invested in the construction of the incubator. Eggs for culinary purposes are estimated from 55 to 200 rubles. for 1 pc. The dietary product is highly appreciated by allergists and is recommended for baby food.The second direction of pheasant farms - sale of thoroughbred pheasants. You will have a good bargain for the supply of poultry to hunting. For wealthy people, hunting for pheasants has always been a favorite hobby, for farmers - a unique opportunity to help out from 1250 to 1600 rubles. for the wholesale sale of adult birds. Businessmen often buy collectible pheasants for suburban mini zoos. Proper selection of decorative rocks will allow you to secure a comfortable future.
Selling birds for catering needs - the third direction for the permanent income of the farm. Exotic tender pheasant meat is in great demand due to its taste properties. You can profitably sell fresh carcasses to elite restaurants for banquets. The cost of 1 kg of pheasant meat is now from 1,5 thousand rubles. Feel free to enter into direct regular supply agreements with restaurateurs. Pheasant meat is not sold in public trade, so your farm will quickly find a permanent distribution channel for a dietary product.
A distinctive feature of pheasants is their attractive appearance. Males have a bright color, as well as a large and long tail. The females are most often with gray plumage with small specks all over their body, which may be brown or black. But here it is important to understand that the color of pheasants may depend on the environmental conditions in which they are grown, so do not be surprised if you see a bird that does not fall under this description.
Characteristics of pheasants
The weight of an adult individual can reach two kilograms. Moreover, males are larger than females. The optimal time for fertilization comes at the end of winter or early spring, when the male is placed on the female. One female can lay up to 50 eggs per season. Care, maintenance and breeding of pheasants do not require much effort. They lay eggs for about three months. One egg weighs an average of 30 grams. The bird can build nests throughout the aviary, while forgetting the location of all of them. Therefore, it is important to periodically pick up the eggs and place them on the hen or place them in the incubator.
It is important to take into account the fact that each breed of pheasants prefers to lay eggs in completely different places - grass, bushes and near trees. Therefore, if necessary, the farmer will have to build appropriate nests for the birds.
During the period of fertilization, it is forbidden to run several males to one female, since they can fight each other for a female until only one of them is alive.
As for eating habits, the diet of pheasants has much in common with chicken. The best option would be the use of green fodder and wet mash. The daily rate of feed for one individual is 100 grams.
If you are planning to keep pheasants at home, then you need to have an idea of what breeds of this bird exist. This is important because each breed has certain preferences that should be considered for maximum egg production and fast fattening of the bird.
Today, among the majority of farmers engaged in breeding pheasants, three breeds are most popular:
Let's take a closer look at each of them and try to figure out which is better to choose for breeding at home.
This breed was bred by Chinese breeders. Diamond pheasants have many drawbacks, but they are bred because of their large size. The main difficulties of keeping and breeding are to create and maintain a certain microclimate. The fact is that this breed is thermophilic and when frost over 25 degrees livestock can die. Therefore, for the winter period in the room in which pheasants are kept, it is necessary to build a heating system.
In addition, the diet should contain large amounts of vitamins and minerals. Bird must receive fresh greens and fish oil. Egg production can reach 30 eggs per season. Maximum body weight - 1 kilogram.
The content of this breed is less troublesome than diamond, therefore silver pheasants are the most common around the world. China is also the birthplace of this bird, but this breed perfectly adapts to the climatic regions of the area in which it is bred, therefore in our country silver pheasants take root well. This is due to thick plumage, thanks to which the bird can withstand severe frosts. But the aviary should be well protected from drafts, because otherwise pheasants can get sick and die.
The average body weight of an adult individual is about 5 kilograms, and egg production is at a level of 50 eggs per season. One of the advantages of this breed is a quick weight gain, so it can be bred not only to increase the population, but also to get meat that has excellent taste and is widely used in cooking for cooking a large number of dishes.
The content of the golden pheasant is one of the simplest, since this breed is one of the most unpretentious. This bird is not grown on an industrial scale due to its small size and low weight, but it will fit perfectly for decorative breeding.
In one season, the female golden pheasant can produce about 25 eggs. The maximum body weight of an adult individual reaches 1 kilogram. Meat does not have a special taste, so it is not used in cooking.
The room, which contains golden pheasants, should be heated in winter, because the bird does not tolerate low temperatures. With a frost of 20 degrees, all livestock may die. Feed the best fresh greens. In addition, fish oil should also be present in the diet, as well as various supplements containing vitamins C, B6 and B12.
What to feed?
Keeping your own pheasants requires proper feeding. For feeding the chicks using mash, made from ground boiled eggs and fresh herbs. Serum is given instead of water. As the chicks grow, the combined feed is gradually introduced into the daily ration. In the second week, you can begin to give millet porridge cooked in milk. At two months of age, you can fully translate into basic feed, which give adult pheasants.
For feeding adults, wheat, barley, corn and fresh vegetables are used. In order to strengthen the immune system and increase the resistance of birds to disease, ascorbic acid and sugar are added to the combined feed. Also essential components of the diet is fish oil and bone meal, which are an excellent source of trace elements.
In addition, the content of pheasant, regardless of age and breed, involves frequent replacement of water. The thing is that the bird drinks only cold water.
During the breeding season, pheasants should be given antibiotics, which can increase egg production by approximately 40 percent.
Peculiarities of winter maintenance
The content of pheasants in winter requires an increase in the daily feeding rate. In addition, birds should be given vitamin supplements to increase their resistance to negative environmental factors and diseases. Additional lighting should be created in the house, since the optimal length of daylight for pheasants is 14 hours. Если этого не сделать, то птица начнет терять в весе, а ее рост и развитие существенно замедлится.
Болезни и борьба с ними
Содержание фазанов на приусадебном участке — это занятие довольно простое и некропотливое, поскольку при правильном уходе и кормлении птица болеет очень редко. Но вероятность заболевания все-таки существует, поэтому важно вовремя распознать недуг и начать соответствующее лечение.
All diseases to which pheasants are susceptible can be divided into 3 categories:
Infectious diseases include various ailments caused by viruses or fungi. These are smallpox, laryngotracheitis and aspergillosis. This category of diseases is the most dangerous, because in the absence of treatment the livestock dies out very quickly.
Non-communicable diseases include dermatitis and emphysema. A diseased bird poses no threat to other individuals, but if left untreated, it can die.
Invasive diseases are those caused by various parasites. These include scabies and infection with lice. For treatment, a 0.15 percent neguven solution is used.
Advantages and disadvantages of pheasant breeding
Pheasants, maintenance and care of which were considered earlier, can be an excellent source of income.
The advantages of this business are:
- Dietary meat with excellent taste,
- low competition in this area.
Among the main drawbacks can highlight the need for large investments at the stage of starting a business, as well as the creation of suitable conditions for the content.
As it turned out, to care for these birds is not so difficult. The most important thing is to provide them with the right care. But be that as it may, to breed pheasants or not - every farmer decides for himself.
However, if you do not want to do this on an industrial scale, then you should certainly get at least a few individuals on your farm for dietary and incredibly tasty meat.
Cultivation and cultivation
Despite the fact that the birds are unpretentious in the diet and are not very demanding to the conditions of detention, for profit will have to invest in the arrangement of the house. Breeding pheasants has its own characteristics that every farmer should know, for example, their cowardice.
If you plant them in the country in the open air, it will cause a lot of trouble. Because you need to protect livestock from loud noises and equip a special aviary for adult pheasants.
Pheasants can be grown both in small households and on large bird farms. The main purpose of the content is to get tasty meat and diet eggs. Meat and pheasant eggs are in great demand in the market. Also livestock can be used for resale or sold to zoological and hunting farms.
The most popular breeds for breeding are:
- Diamond pheasant. The breed first appeared in China. Basically divorced for decorative purposes. Individuals of this species do not tolerate cold, so they are grown only in warm regions,
- Silver. It is the best breed for breeding at home. Birds tolerate frost well and have a high egg production rate (about 50 eggs per season). Silver pheasant belongs to the meat breed, as it quickly gains weight. On average, the weight of one individual is 5 kg,
- Gold. This is one of the most popular decorative breeds. Due to their low weight (up to 1 kg), birds are not grown on an industrial scale. Egg production rates are also low. In one season, females produce no more than 25 eggs,
- Steppe hunting. One of the best egg breeds. Birds feel well in a temperate climate, have strong immunity and are unpretentious to feed. Breed divorced to get delicious meat.
To get offspring pheasant can be yourself using an incubator.
But farmers do not always have enough of their brood. In this case, you can purchase pheasant chicks from other breeders.
On average, an adult female gives almost 100 eggs per year. But due to poor memory and poorly expressed maternal instinct, she cannot independently hatch chicks. Therefore, the incubator is a necessary item in the household.
Basic rules for incubating eggs:
- The incubation period lasts about 24-25 days,
- Before laying eggs should be kept at room temperature for 5 hours,
- After they warm up, you can put them in an incubator, the temperature of which will be 37.8 ° C,
- On the 14th day, the eggs are cooled; to do this, it is enough to open the incubator door for 10-15 minutes. Due to the cooling in the egg, gas exchange increases and metabolic processes improve,
- It is important to monitor the humidity of the air, it should be in the range of 60-65%,
- On day 22, you should start lowering the temperature and increasing the humidity in the incubator,
- On day 24, it should be 37.5 ° C, and humidity up to 80%.
Maintenance and care
The organization of a small farm requires an investment of money. Pheasants should be kept in specially equipped enclosures, the area of which should be more than 5 m 2. The choice of the enclosure depends on the breed of individuals:
- For hunting birds can be grown in high cages. The expanses are necessary for them to fly, as pheasants must learn to fly,
- Meat breeds are contained in ordinary enclosures with a large fence or in cages,
- Rocks that do not tolerate frosts should be kept in well-insulated poultry houses.
Caring for pheasants is not difficult, the most important thing is to know the nuances of breeding and maintenance. Regardless of the breed, all individuals to create a family are divided into pairs. All families should be placed in closed enclosures, where there will be from 4 to 5 females per male.
During the breeding season, birds can be moved into cages. From 1 to 2 individuals are placed on 1 m 2.
Soft overlap prevents birds from flying away and protects them from impacts. Otherwise, pheasants may die from injuries. If possible, it is better to equip spacious enclosures for birds with places to sleep and roost. For night rest in poultry houses equip poles or branches of trees.
The content of pheasants on the plot should remind them of wildlife as much as possible. In the wild nature of the birds like to hide in the crown of trees and bushes. The content of pheasants has its own characteristics, therefore, when arranging the enclosure, the following rules must be observed:
- In the warm season, the minimum size of the enclosure is 1.5 x 2 m,
- The nest should be at a height of 2 meters from the floor. To sleep in the house should be installed perches,
- In the house should always be dry. The walls should be made of galvanized steel,
- As a litter it is better to use a mixture of sand and ash. Change litter as pollution. To protect against small rodents, a fine mesh is placed on the floor,
- For recreation and swimming birds need to equip small trays filled with ash and sand,
- All trays, drinkers, feeders and nests should be securely mounted in the aviary so that the birds can not turn them over and overturn,
- In the period of nesting in the enclosures it is necessary to equip special huts from reeds or reeds for females. For their convenience, the females will arrange their nests with dry leaves, grass and twigs,
- Even in summer, the back walls of the enclosure should be insulated with polycarbonate sheets. It will protect the birds from strong wind and rain,
- Due to poor memory, females change their laying places all the time, so for the convenience of the breeder, the aviary should be adapted so that it is easy to find laid eggs.
It is best not to force poultry houses with unnecessary objects. In the enclosures should be only necessary for them design.
In addition to the main enclosures for cultivation, birds need to be equipped in the garden special places for walking. There, pheasants will feel most comfortable, which will have a positive effect on their performance and health. Small trees and shrubs must be present in recreational enclosures. If there is an opportunity, it is possible to equip a flowing mini reservoir for an adult livestock.
Most pheasant breeds are considered to be frost resistant. However, it is recommended to create special conditions on the farm for keeping pheasants in winter.
Before the onset of cold weather, enclosures must be prepared for wintering livestock. To do this, the flooring is insulated with a special material and insulation is installed on the walls. They will protect the birds from the cold wind and drafts.
The lack of good lighting often leads to a decrease in egg production and poor health.
How to feed pheasants?
At first, hatched chicks are fed finely chopped boiled egg, and meal worms and some greens can be added to the ration gradually.
During the night feeding, the light in the house turns on for half an hour. Over time, food for chicks can be added a little feed, which is produced specifically for the young. Two weeks brood can diversify the diet with the following products:
- Millet porridge,
- Corn flour,
- Finely chopped clover or dandelions,
- Bread crumbs
- Calcium feed additives.
Food for pheasants should be varied and balanced. Adults can be fed with feed intended for chickens. But at the same time, it needs to be combined with animal protein.
They love to feast on insects, snails, spiders and beetles.
What products should be in the diet of adult livestock birds:
- Corn and Millet,
- Sunflower seeds,
- Cottage cheese,
- Meat porridge,
- Green feed,
- Boiled and raw vegetables.
For good digestion, pheasants should eat solid food, such as cake meal and wet mash on the blood.
During nesting, the portion is increased to 85 g.
Depending on the time of year, the pheasants can be fed differently.
In a wet feed add 2 drops of fish oil and 5 g of ascorbic acid per 1 kg of feed. Kashi in the cold season must be sweetened. Sugar will increase the immunity of birds.
How much does it grow to slaughter?
Pheasant meat is considered a delicacy because it has a high taste. Because of this, it is in great demand in the market. In the restaurant, the price of meat dishes from pheasant is quite high.
For slaughter a special breed of pheasants is bred, which has high meat indices. Such individuals grow rapidly and gain weight well. On the slaughter can go birds weighing from 2-2.5 kg. Such a mass of pheasants gain on average by week 17.
Pheasant carcass is difficult to find in supermarkets. You can buy meat only under the order from breeders.
During the mating period, the male is transplanted to the female, and after 14-20 days, she begins to lay eggs. The number of eggs, their size and duration of laying directly depends on the breed of birds.
Gradually, in summer, the egg production decreases and by the end of July it can end altogether. To obtain the brood, eggs are collected from females and laid in an incubator. During the breeding season, the hens lay about 50 eggs. In the year the number of eggs ranges from 70 to 180 pieces. But this is only under the condition that daily eggs will be dredged from the enclosure.
To do this, enclosures illuminate throughout the day and evening, thereby increasing the daylight hours. The average weight of a pheasant's egg is 25-35 g. The female rushes every time in a new place, as she has a bad memory. Eggs need to be collected 2 times a day: in the morning while feeding the birds and at lunch. This helps to prevent contamination of eggs and their pecking.
Doing calculations for a business idea
How much does it cost to start a business selling pheasants from scratch? Experts estimate the required investment of about $ 300. This money will go to:
- the purchase of chicks ($ 4 apiece, respectively, for a dozen pheasant will give you $ 40), and the hatching egg - $ 0.8 / piece.,
- the organization of their place of residence ($ 200),
- feeding and care (average $ 15 / month)
- purchase a small incubator ($ 45).
It should be noted that females are more expensive than males, and in the autumn the purchase of chicks will cost you less than in spring.
The market for pheasant meat is free to compete. The cost of one live bird is about $ 10, while meat is estimated at $ 8 -9 $ / kg. Interestingly, the bird is sold for $ 20 a head for the “postrel” hunting. Breeding pheasants for hunting as an entertainment business is quickly attracting new customers. Eggs cost about $ 4 for a dozen. Considering that one female is capable of producing about 30 eggs per year, this will bring profit at the exit.
The profitability of the business of breeding pheasants for meat and hunting is about 50% -55%. Excellent investment in the production of healthy and exotic food!
People engaged in the breeding and maintenance of pheasants as far back as in Ancient Greece several centuries before our era. And the documents of those times say that pheasants raised in captivity cost much more than their wild counterparts. And according to the legend, the Argonaute Jason brought them to Greece for the first time from Georgia (at that time - Colchis), namely from the banks of the Phasis River (now the Rioni River). Therefore, it is believed that the Latin name of the pheasant Phasianus colchicus has Georgian roots.
Nevertheless, the United Kingdom is rightfully considered the birthplace of pheasant breeding, where the keeping and breeding of pheasants in captivity was recorded as early as 924. In Western Europe, pheasant farms became widespread and developed in the 14th-15th centuries. By the beginning of the 20th century, pheasant breeding in captivity was successfully practiced not only in Europe, but also in North America and Australia. In particular, the scale of phezanovodstvo shows hunting, arranged in the fall. in honor of Emperor Wilhelm II, during which more than 3 thousand pheasants were harvested in one day. In the Russian Empire, the first pheasant farm appeared at the end of the XIX century. And they quickly began to generate income (pheasants were supplied to Moscow and St. Petersburg for 5 rubles per carcass).
Fig. Growing pheasants for hunting can be a very profitable business.
A new stage in the development of the poultry industry, including in the breeding of various types of pheasant, came with the invention of incubators. The cultivation of pheasants in captivity took an incredible industrial scale (100-200 thousand
heads of young pheasants a year). Currently, more than 7 million pheasants are grown annually in England alone for hunting.
Under the Soviet Union, pheasant breeding has undergone several unsuccessful stages of development, and it is obvious that by now, Russian pheasant breeding has not reached European level. According to our estimates (Sergey Kuznetsov) in the Central region of Russia at present, there are about 10-15 thousand pheasants on pheasant farms, and no more than 1500 partridges (it is impossible to count other birds). In the Czech Republic - is the population of one pheasant economy. However, leading pheasant breeders believe that this branch of the poultry industry in Russia has all the conditions for successful development. Especially in connection with the development of the restaurant business and hunting farms focused on attracting foreign hunters.
Fig. Aviary for hunting pheasant.
Keeping and breeding different types of pheasants is not only a fascinating process for birdwatchers, but can also bring quite tangible income. The hunting pheasant is an early-ripening bird and can be bred in any household. Everything is now in demand on the market - not only eggs and meat of pheasants, which have excellent dietary qualities, but also the colorful feathers of these birds, which they buy for making fashionable jewelry and decorating clothes. Pheasants litter will also be used - an excellent fertilizer for vegetable gardens, it is not as active as chicken, and therefore does not burn plants. Pheasants will decorate any park or garden, will bring a lot of pleasure to their owners, because pheasants are very sociable birds and become attached to people who care for them. Attracting children to the care of pheasants will contribute to the development of interest in wildlife, the right attitude to animals, responsibility for their pets.
Hunting pheasant can be a great help in the fight against pests of the garden and vegetable garden, in particular, according to some sources, pheasants successfully destroy the Colorado potato beetle on potato fields.
Currently, rural tourism is gaining momentum - recreation centers and rural estates in the future can offer their guests both communication with beautiful birds (especially beautiful, and not difficult to maintain - golden pheasant, as well as royal pheasant), and a varied menu, including game dishes.
Cultivation and maintenance of pheasants
And so the main question for those wishing to buy pheasants for their own farm to breed it at home will be the following: how difficult is the content and breeding of pheasants, are there any difficulties?
Some farmers believe that pheasant breeding is not difficult, the main thing is to establish sales of products (hunting farms, restaurants). The description and characteristics of breeding hunting pheasant in captivity can be found on our website in the appropriate section.
Secrets of the successful content of pheasants
We will always be happy to advise you on any issue of pheasant breeding.
If you are interested in the maintenance and breeding of other decorative pheasants (golden, royal and silver pheasants, as well as waterfowl and peacocks), then you are welcome to visit our nursery Tenebrosus. We will offer both an interesting selection of these birds (more than 15 species), as well as comprehensive assistance in purchasing, transporting and advising on the purchase and care of your new pets.
We bring to your attention articles on the content of rare, but very interesting representatives of pheasants - tragopans. In our nursery there is one of the five existing species of these birds - the Temminka tragopan, or the blue-throated tragopan. Along with the tragopan pride and decoration of our zoo nursery is the Himalayan monal.
Fig. Himalayan monal (left) and blue-necked tragopan (right).
Коллекция нашего фазанария включает три вида ушастых фазанов, отличающихся интересными особенностями поведения (некоторые заводчики называют их экскаваторами) и общительным характером.
Fig. Белый ушастый фазан.
Another activity of the Tenebrozus Zoo is the breeding and maintenance of waterfowl, both for hunting needs (decoy ducks) and for the aesthetic decoration of ponds (tangerines, mute swan, black swans) in parks and gardens of summer houses, manors, etc.
Fig. Swans will decorate any pond (black swan on the left, mute swan on the right).
Especially, I would like to draw your attention to the ducks, unusual in color, with very appetizing names - mandarin and Karolinka. They will become the pearl of any small backyard reservoir.
Fig. Mandarin (male) on the left, karolinka (male) on the right.