We have collected for you the full information about the gooseberry variety “Commander”: description, agricultural technology, advantages and disadvantages, botanical information about the culture, feedback from experts. Not a single gardener will not heed this amazing bush. Berries are rich in beneficial vitamins and trace elements. Although inactively consumed fresh, from the fruits of the gooseberry "Commander" it turns out excellent jam and delicious jam, which does not leave indifferent even the most sophisticated lover of delicacies.
Botanical certificate of the plant
The berry is of medium height, capable of reaching 1.5 meters. The shoots are not hairy, with a matte color of the skin, closer to the base are woody. The thickness of the shoots up to 100 mm. Gooseberry Bearing. Branches located on the sunny side, have a pinkish color. And the leaves and berries of medium size. The leaves are slightly larger than the berries in diameter, painted in a saturated green color. The surface of the sheet is shiny, medium density. The berry is actively bearing fruits. With a bountiful harvest, a slightly spreading but dense bush form is formed.
The berries are round, average weight up to 6 grams, maroon color with clearly cutting veins. Ripe fruits are fragrant, have high taste. Perfectly suited for the production of jam, jam, juice, suitable for fresh consumption, purpose - universal.
Reference! "Vladil" is the name for the gooseberry variety "Commander". Description of the species: crossed hybrid bred to improve the basic characteristics of the berry. A distinctive feature is self-pollination. The plant has an early ripening of berries. The first harvest is ripe by mid-June. In conditions of a favorable climate, the berry grows long. During the period of fruiting bush can get a high yield - up to 6 kg.
Inside the berries are fleshy and juicy, the skin is thin, because the gooseberry fruits are poorly amenable for transportation.
The variety of gooseberry "Commodore", the description of which you have already studied, belongs to the second group of varieties bred in the process of crossing. So, in the process, it turns out a new, more resistant to climatic conditions berry.
A distinctive feature of the gooseberry selection variety is its berries; in taste, they are inferior to fruits of varieties belonging to the first variety group. Ripe berries should be collected immediately, as they do not hold on the branches for a long time.
Sandy, loamy, sod-podzolic soil - an ideal growing place for the gooseberry variety "Commander". The characteristics of the place suitable for cultivation are determined by the illumination and windiness of the site intended for planting. It is best not to plant a berry in the lower areas where groundwater and precipitation accumulate. In such conditions, the plant may die.
How to start landing?
Many ask: "How to plant a gooseberry correctly?". This process is laborious, and the agrotechnical itself consists of a number of stages.
The first stage is the preparation of the soil for planting. When rooting a berry on loamy soils, there is no need to dig up the entire plot of land. In other cases, the whole bed is plowed, and the soil is mixed with sand in the proportion of 10 kg per 1 m 2, after which it is interrupted again, carefully mixing the ground substance. This procedure is done 7 days before the planting of the shrub. If before this, other cultures grew on the plot chosen for planting, then it should be fertilized with a mixture of peat and humus.
Preparation of the hole
It is necessary to plant in the prepared hole with a depth of up to 30 cm and a diameter of 50-65 cm, sprinkling earth on top. In the hole is placed strictly vertically saplings of gooseberry varieties "Commander". The description of the planting scheme established that young seedlings require additional feeding. To do this, add straw manure and a glass of ground limestone to each well, lightly sprinkle it with soil from the garden, and from above - with wood ash (approximately 300 grams).
Remember! To seedling rooted faster, soak it a day before planting in a solution of potassium. The solution is prepared on the basis of the proportion: 1 tbsp. l powder to 1 liter of water. After which they water the gooseberry "Commander". Planting and care is based on the basic rules of berry cultivation.
Each well is thoroughly irrigated with water (about 5 liters go to one hole). The soil is not tamped, and wait until it settles itself. After that, in the first decade of October gooseberry seedlings “commander” are planted. The characteristics of the plant allow him to easily settle down and winter.
Subtleties care for gooseberries
Probably, you have heard that the secret of a rich harvest actually lies in the care of a plant. Follow some rules so that your fruitful work is crowned with a rich harvest of gooseberries.
Good access of oxygen to the roots of the plant provides a high level of offspring. To do this, carry out loosening the soil: the soil is shallow (up to 15 cm) dig. The procedure is carried out carefully so as not to damage the root system.
Constantly monitor the degree of weed beds overgrowing. It is recommended that weed plants be removed every two weeks after the planting of the “Commodore” gooseberry. Growing a bush on a clean, non-littered bed, allows it to get more nutrients from the ground.
- In the event of root damage during loosening, there is a risk of losing the plant. To save it, dig up the damaged area of the root process with moistened plastic clay, and sprinkle it on top of it with earth.
- In order for the fruits to ripen more quickly, and the berries were juicy, pinch the upper branches. To do this procedure, in the center of the berry place a support. To her, using clamps, reinforce the main fruitful branches so that the ovaries receive the maximum light. This procedure is done only after the formation of the ovaries, otherwise the flowers will not be able to pollinate.
Watering and gooseberry fertilizer
The berry likes water, but cannot grow in a wet environment. Watering the berry must be systematically, generously irrigating the bush, especially in the hot season. Watering is carried out only early in the morning, allocating about 3 liters of water to one bush of gooseberry “Commander”, a description of the variety and photo of which was prepared for you. This will help the berry to survive the drought less painfully. After sunset, the bushes are abundantly sprayed with water in order to feed the leaves weakened by heat.
In the first year of life requires intensive fertilizer gooseberry "Commander". Top dressing in the form of potash and nitrogen fertilizers is applied with the calculation of 10 grams. on 1 m 2, after that the bush is plentifully watered.
Notice! If you are not too good at phosphate fertilizers, easy to prepare feed with your own hands. Do not dispose of residues of foods rich in iodine, phosphorus and potassium (carrots, beets, bananas). Use them to feed gooseberry bushes. Skins are crushed to a state of gruel and instilled under each of the bushes of the berry. For each plant, you need about 1 cup of crushed skins.
A more efficient way of feeding the plant looks like this:
- For the first time dressing is carried out at the time of formation of the first leaves. To do this, prepare 10 liters of distilled water, which is diluted 2 tbsp. l nitrofoski 1 l. urea. On one bush leaves 5 liters. prepared solution.
- The second feeding is carried out in the period of flowering of the gooseberry "Commander". A mixture of "Berry" in the amount of 2 tbsp. l diluted in 10 liters. water, adding to it 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate. The amount of feed is identical to the previous one.
- The third time fertilization is carried out at the transition of the plant in the vegetative phase. 1 st. l potassium humate and nitrophosphate diluted in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution is poured gooseberry bushes.
Yield increase by pruning
If you plant a plant in the fall, for a year, until next fall, the shrub produces offspring with up to 10 shoots. Of this number, leave only 4 of the strongest and most healthy branches. This procedure is recommended to carry out during the first three years of the life of the berry, before the final formation of the bush.
After 5-6 years, an adult, shaped bush is cleaned, cutting off damaged, dry or non-bearing branches, leaving up to 10 cm from the root. Such a move will help preserve the strength of the bush and send them to the restoration and more productive fruiting.
After the last harvest, the gooseberries are pruned. In the spring, the culture begins an active movement of juices, which is characteristic of absolutely all varieties of gooseberry. In case you cut the branch during this period, the shrub may not bloom, which will therefore lead to a loss of the crop this year.
Reference! Experts strictly prohibit breaking branches manually. Cut the shoots only using a pruner. Slamming the branches, you damage them. In places of breakdowns, holes are formed, which are penetrated by small parasites and pests, as a result of which painful manifestations begin in the shrub.
In the first 12 months after planting, the strongest and strongest are selected from the resulting shoots. It is cut, leaving only 30 cm from the ground. Shoots smaller pruned completely, to the very foundation. Carry out such a procedure after 14 days from the moment of landing on the garden, but before the buds swell, otherwise the fruiting cycle may break, and the gooseberry will bloom in the fall.
Diseases and pests damaging the culture
How to plant gooseberries, how to care for him, you already know. It remains to deal with diseases and pests of this variety.
Gooseberry "Commander" shows resistance to pests of the sawing group, but everything is exposed to the negative influence of some diseases characteristic of the berries, namely:
- Mosaic. In the event of damage to healthy gooseberry leaves, yellowish stripes changed in color appear. It is they who in time draw the vital forces out of the leaves, drying them out. Such a disease characteristic of shrubs, treatment can not be. Therefore, dry bushes killed by a mosaic are uprooted and burned.
- Septoria (columnar rust), with the defeat of which on the leaves of the gooseberry are formed brown spots, resembling burns. To prevent infection of the bushes, pour affected plants with a solution of Fitosporin, and spray the berryberry with a solution of Bordeaux mixture.
In addition to gooseberry diseases, pests also affect:
- Shoot Aphid. Prevention of the pest is carried out using a solution of household soap (10 g of rubbed soap per 1 liter of water), which process shoots after removing aphid larvae from branches.
- The peppered moth is a butterfly, eating the leaves and flowers of the gooseberry, while laying eggs on the remaining leaves. For prophylaxis, the plant is treated with "Akletik", "Kinmis", "Lepidocide", following the instructions for the preparation.
- The willow shield is an insect that feeds on the fresh sap of young shoots, interfering with the normal life cycle of the plant. The treatment is carried out with a specially prepared solution: 10 l of water, 10 g of soda, 10 g of calcium.
Fruiting begins from early to mid-July. Terms can be adjusted, depending on climatic conditions, temperature, humidity level of the soil and air. Competent agricultural technology allows you to get a selective harvest. Gooseberry "Commander" yield shows from 3.5 to 6.5 kg per bush.
Important! Try to pick off the berries of the gooseberry with the stalk, so the berries will keep their freshness longer.
It is not recommended to collect gooseberries immediately after the rain, as the resulting moisture will be spent not on the formation of new fruits, but on the restoration of the bush. In addition, wet fruits are stored for long. Immediately necessary to process the berries of the gooseberry "Commander". Description of the variety, photos and instructions will help you understand how to properly cultivate this crop.
To be aware of all the nuances associated with the characteristics of the cultivation and care of the berries, you need to pay attention to the reviews. Gardeners willingly grow gooseberries "Commander". Reviews show that culture likes frequent watering. This is what contributes to the active fruiting of the shrub, gooseberry lovers say.
Gardeners pay special attention to gooseberry berries. They talk a lot about them, generally leaving positive reviews about the culture.
Children are the main connoisseurs of the gooseberry berries “Commander”. The reviews are explained by the acquired taste qualities and the very structure of the berries: inside they are juicy and fleshy, without stones.
Gooseberry "Commander" - agrotechnical culture that is in demand among experienced gardeners, amateurs, beginners. Although it requires special care, work near the bushes is rewarded with a generous harvest.
The plant of this variety forms a bush of medium height, about 1.5 m. Description of external characteristics is the following: branches and side shoots grow densely, have a weakly spreading nature, a curved shape and a light green color.
The variety Komandor is characterized by the absence of thorns; sometimes single single thorns can appear, but they are extremely thin, therefore they are not dangerous. The variety has a glossy surface of foliage, and the leaves themselves are rather large and dense. Gooseberry Commander has green petioles of medium thickness. The plant forms medium-sized flowers, slightly yellowish. For bushes of this variety is characterized by high resistance to various diseases, including fungal, as well as to low temperatures. Variety Komandor has excellent taste, but not too large berries.
The description of the process of caring for a developing sapling differs little from the generally accepted rules of agrotechnology regarding shrubs:
- regular hilling - the variety prefers loose soils, due to which air circulation and its access to the root system are improved, and weeds are destroyed,
- high-quality watering - gooseberry bushes of this variety are not able to develop normally, if they are not provided with a sufficient level of moisture. So, if the weather is dry, it is best to water the gooseberries weekly,
- need and mineral dressing. The Komandor variety shows itself well with three meals a day: as soon as the first leaves appear, during the flowering period and at the time of formation of the ovary,
- forming pruning. This procedure for Komandor bushes will be needed from the second year after planting. At the same time it is carried out twice: in the spring before the buds begin to swell, and in the fall, when all the foliage has already flown around. For this variety, two methods of forming a shrub are applicable - stem and trellis. In the first case, the bush takes the form of a tree, but its life expectancy decreases, in the second, the gooseberry does not look so aesthetically pleasing, but it bears fruit better and lives longer,
- preparation for wintering. Due to its frost resistance, the variety does not need to build a protective cover, but it’s still worth preparing a bush for the cold. Around each bush carefully dig up the ground and mulch it with a layer of humus or peat. Some gardeners prefer to play it safe, and yet cover the plant with agrospan.
The variety begins to actively bear fruit by mid-July - on average, it is possible to collect about 5 kg of berries from each bush. Berries need to be plucked together with the stem, otherwise the skin can be damaged.
Harvesting is best done in dry weather, in the morning or in the evening, when there is no dew on the plants.
"Commander" was bred in 1995 by the scientist-breeder V. Ilyin, in the South Ural Scientific-Research Institute for Horticulture, on the basis of varieties: "Chelyabinsk-green" and "African".
An interesting fact: about 200 years ago, a berry of a garden gooseberry growing in Europe weighed more than 19 g and reached 5 cm in diameter, but after a disease imported from America, the gooseberry lost these qualities forever and acquired a look familiar to us from childhood.
Description of the bush and flowers
Description of the gooseberry variety “Commander”, determination of the qualities of the bush and inflorescences:
- the bush of the “commander” is spread out weakly, of medium size, the branches are not thick, strong,
- branch color - light green, pinkish below,
- the foliage is large, strong, with sharp teeth, a distinctive feature of the leaves - characteristic grooves at the base,
- inflorescences are yellow, with a greenish or pink tinge.
Berry quality and total yield
Species features of the variety:
- bush size up to 1.5 m,
- the shape of the berries is round, color - from dark burgundy to black,
- taste: sweet, the ratio of acid and sugar as a percentage - 3% to 13%,
- berries weight: 3-5 g
Gooseberries ripen to the first half of summer, early July. From one bush, on average, up to 4-6 kg of gooseberries are harvested. There are few thorns, and those that exist are located at the base of the stems and do not cause inconvenience in picking berries. «Командор» устойчив к грибковым и инфекционным болезням, в частности, к «мучнистой росе», доставляющей другим сортам множество неприятностей.
Крыжовник «командор» считают морозоустойчивым видом. Выращивать ягоды рекомендуют в климате, соответствующем средней полосе России, Поволжья, Уральского и Западно-Сибирского региона. The gooseberry can withstand temperatures as low as -25–30 ° C and with a sufficient amount of snow does not need additional shelter.
Advantages and disadvantages
- the berries have not lost taste,
- crop yield is excellent,
- the species is resistant to diseases
- bushes easily tolerate cold winters.
Deficiencies in grade two. “Commander” is inconvenient for transportation - the peel of the fruit is thin, and during long-distance transportation you can lose most of the harvest. Low and the average size of the fruit, which, however, is offset by the number of berries from one bush.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Choosing seedlings for planting, first of all, pay attention to the number of roots, their length and the presence of buds on the shoots. Recommended options:
- 3-5 roots on one seedling,
- root length not less than 10 cm,
- The minimum number of kidneys is 4-5 pcs.
Look closely at the condition of the branches and the general appearance of the seedlings. In quality planting material, the color of the shoots is light green, the roots are packed and covered with soil. Buy these seedlings without fear. In preparation for planting, remove the dry roots and prikopite in the garden, it is likely that the gooseberry sprout.
In preparation for planting, seedlings are disinfected: the roots of plants are briefly dipped into a weak (pink) solution of potassium permanganate and treated with stimulants for root growth.
Place of landing and scheme
Gooseberries are planted in sunny, unopened places, preferably without constant wind and drafts. A good time to disembark is spring or autumn. The homeland of the wild gooseberry is North Africa, bushes are also found in the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, and in Central Asia. It is an unpretentious plant that grows on rocky mountain slopes and survives in arid climates. Suitable for plant soil:
- sandy, loose, high in clay and sand,
"Commander" does not like acidic soils. To reduce the acidity, gardeners add dolomite flour (200 g / m 2) to the soil.
Dimensions of holes for seedlings: depth 40 cm, diameter 60 cm. When autumn planting, dig holes 10 days before the planting of seedlings begins. When spring disembarking, the fossa is also prepared in the fall, and the soil is mixed with:
- wood ash (500 g),
- humus (10 kg),
- dolomite flour (300 g).
The rootstocks of seedlings, which were pretreated with a solution of potassium permanganate, are dipped into the pits and filled with the mixture.
Description of gooseberry Commodore
Gooseberry Commander (aka Vladil) - the result of crossing varieties of African and Chelyabinsk green. The hybrid was obtained in 1995 by V. Ilyin on the basis of the South Ural Scientific Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato. From the first, a new variety borrowed the unusual color of the fruit, from the second - winter hardiness and resistance to the most common and dangerous gooseberry diseases.
Gooseberry Commander - the achievement of domestic breeders
In the same year, the variety was entered in the State Register with the note “recommended for cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka, Middle Volga, Ural, and West Siberian regions”.
Its main distinguishing features are dark brown, almost black berries (they cast red in the sun) and the absence of thorns. Sometimes they still occur, but only in the lower part of the shoots, besides, they are soft. It is impossible to prick at all desire. Just a gardener's dream.
Shrub Komandor low and compact, but quite thick. The shoots are not very thick, slightly curving at the base, resembling a parabola. The greenish-beige bark, where the sun hits it, becomes pinkish.
Shrub Komandor not too sprawling, but quickly overgrown
The leaves are bright green, glossy-shiny, large and medium, quite dense to the touch. Leaves of different sizes are located on the branch alternately. At the base of the sheet there is a shallow recess. Coupled with a well-developed central vein, this contributes to the slight concavity or slight wrinkling of large leaves. Petioles not too long, slightly pubescent. They are lighter in color than leaves. A light yellowish tint is normal.
Small flowers, lime colors, bloom in the second decade of May. From the sun falling petals turn a little pink. Sometimes there are pink spots on the sepals. The flowers are arranged in buds of 2-3 pieces, in shape resemble a bowl.
The fruits begin to ripen in the first half of July. Fruiting lasts until the end of August. All berries are about the same size (4.5–5.5 g), in the shape of an almost regular ball. The stem is thin and long.
Because of the color and shape from afar, the Commander is very easy to confuse with the black currant. The skin is smooth to the touch (unlike the absolute majority of other varieties), rather thin, easily separated from the pulp. The flesh is bright crimson, sweet and sour, juicy. Seeds are small, they are few.
Under the weight of the berries, the lower branches can fall to the ground. Therefore, timely trimming and garter, the presence of supports is important.
The undoubted advantages of the Komandor variety include:
- Winter hardiness The variety withstands temperatures down to -25 ... -30 ºС, therefore, it is quite suitable for growing in the middle lane. Flowers bloom quite late, so rarely suffer from return spring frosts.
- Stable high yields. One adult bush brings 6–8 kg of berries with proper care. If you throw a gooseberry, you can collect 2-3 kg of fruit.
- Self-fertility. For pollination of flowers, the Commander does not need other gooseberry bushes. But gardeners note an increase in yield by about a third, if at the same time other varieties are present at the site. It may be enough landings that the neighbors have, but it is better to be safe, especially if the area of the site allows.
- Excellent taste. Most of those who grow it describe the Commander as a dessert gooseberry. Light sourness and astringency only give spice. In addition, this variety contains vitamin C (55 mg per 100 g), titratable acids (2–2.8%) and sugar (12.5–13.5%).
- No thorns. This greatly facilitates plant care and harvesting. Many gardeners refuse to grow gooseberries, believing that even plentifully fruiting prickly varieties are not worth the effort to spend on picking berries.
Among the shortcomings of the variety:
- Low transportability. The skin is thin, so the berries are soft (especially fully ripe), easily crumpled.
- The small size of the fruit. But this is more than offset by the taste.
Gooseberry Commander prefers light soils - sandy, sod-podzolic, forest sierozem, loam. He is very fond of sunlight and warmth, but does not tolerate cold sharp drafts. Therefore, bushes, especially young ones, are recommended to be fenced or planted against a wall to protect against wind.
A wet lowland, a marshy area or a place where groundwater is too close (less than 1 m) to the surface will not fit. The roots will rot very quickly, the plant will die. If there is no other place, build a low hillock, and pour drainage at the bottom of the landing pit — broken bricks, ceramic shards, crushed stone, pebbles, coarse sand.
Sour soil will not work for Commander. Therefore, the level of acidity needs to be clarified in advance and, if necessary, add dolomite flour or fluff lime to the soil (200 or 100 g per 1 m², respectively).
Gooseberry Commander needs frequent loosening of the soil - so you will provide access of moisture and air to the roots. But you need to carry out the procedure carefully - the root system is located quite close to the surface. If you dive too deep into the ground (more than 10–12 cm), there is a risk of damaging the roots. For the first time, a near-trunk circle is loosened when the snow is completely gone. During the summer, you need to spend another 5 procedures.
Every autumn the tree trunk circle is thoroughly cleaned from fallen leaves, fallen berries, dried broken branches and the like. If this is not done, the eggs and larvae of many pests, fungal spores and bacteria overwinter comfortably under the bush.
Gooseberry Komandor varieties rather hygrophilous. But it is strongly not recommended to flood it, turning the tree circle into a marsh.
In summer, in hot weather, water the plant daily, consuming 2-3 liters of water. If the weather is rainy and overcast, one watering per week is sufficient. Those who visit the site only on weekends are recommended to mulch the tree trunk with peat or freshly mown hay. This will help retain moisture in the soil.
From the beginning of July, the Commander must be watered every other day. This contributes to the early ripening of berries and a positive effect on their taste.
For irrigation, use sprinklers or pour water into the grooves. If they are watered directly under the roots, a layer of soil will be washed away from them, they will come to the surface and begin to dry.
The crown of the Gooseberry Commander is quite thick, so the bush needs regular sanitary pruning. In spring and autumn, all dried, broken, damaged branches and pests, as well as those that grow down and deep into the crown, are pruned. You also need to remove all branches older than 7 years - they still will not bear fruit. They are easy to notice - they are significantly darker than the others.
Gooseberry pruning scheme will help form the crown
In addition, starting from the first spring after planting, they form a crown. There are two main ways:
- Stambov. The shrub is cut to make a miniature tree out of it. The most developed shoot is left as central, the others are cut to the second bud. The shoots that form on the center are cut so that the total height of the bush does not exceed 1 meter. In the following years, 4-6 of the strongest branches formed this year are left, the rest are cut to half. The disadvantage of this method is that the central shoot is gradually aging. Accordingly, in 10-12 years, the bush will have to be uprooted.
- Shpaler. In addition to pruning, gooseberry bush requires a support. Near the bushes set the trellis. High poles, pipes, thick stakes dropping vertically into the ground. Horizontally at a height of 50, 80 and 100 cm tension wire. From each bush to the trellis tied no more than five branches at a distance of 15-25 cm. Every year, all the branches at the roots are removed, last year's shoots are cut to third. This method allows you to more or less evenly illuminate the crown and keep the berries clean.
If you do not want to devote much time to pruning, for the first year leave the 3-4 strongest branches, the next - 7-8. Then simply annually cut off a third of all last year's shoots and remove those that grow too close to the ground. By the fifth year, you should have a bush of 15–18 branches of different ages.
Spring pruning before the leaves begin to appear, in the fall - after they fall off. Be sure to use disinfected scissors and secateurs, disinfect the slices and cover them with garden pitch. Breaking branches is strictly prohibited.
Too intensive pruning is a great stress for the plant. At one time you can cut no more than a third of the existing branches.
If the Commander was planted in the fall, in the spring, when digging, place urea or other nitrogenous fertilizer in the near-stem circle at a rate of 15–20 g per 1 m². 40 g of Nitrophoska and 20 g of urea can be diluted in 10 liters of water. This is enough for young bushes. For fully formed, the rate is increased by 1.5–2 times.
Later, digging up the soil in the spring, annually introduce compost (5–7 l), simple superphosphate (60 g), potassium nitrate (20–25 g) and ammonium sulfate (25–30 g). Since the fifth year, the rate is doubled. Fertilizers are not buried under the root, but around the perimeter of the crown. The gooseberry root system is quite ramified.
Immediately after flowering, and after another 15–20 days they bring in organic matter. Fresh cow dung or chicken manure is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 or 1:10, respectively. You can soak in the water for 3-4 days nettle. Before feeding the infusion filter and half diluted with water. The rate of watering - 5-10 liters per bush.
At the beginning of June they apply a complex mineral fertilizer (Berry, Master, Biopon, Gaspadar, Agro-Nova), preparing the solution according to the instructions. On the adult bush will take 20-30 liters. Wood ash (glass per 1 m²) is added to the near-stem circle.
When the ovary of the fruit of the Commander is watered with a solution of potassium HUMATE (50 g) and Nitrophoska (25 g) in 10 liters of water. The norm is the same.
Preparing for the winter
In the late autumn, dig up the trunk circle. Pest larvae buried in the ground and fungal spores will be on the surface and die from cold.
Gooseberry Commander tolerates harsh winters pretty well. But it is better to be safe and cover it with Agrospan, Spunbond, Agril, hessian or other breathable material in several layers.
If a snowy winter is expected, tie the branches and bend them to the ground. In this case, the higher the likelihood that they will not break under the weight of snow.
By connecting gooseberry branches, you minimize the damage from the severity of snow