Many craftsmen make their own hands to the country today. Recently, it has become the most common for the reason that the rustic style is gaining popularity in the exterior of the country landscape design. If you want to get the effect of natural naturalness, then you should use a wicker fence for decorating the site, it will be perfectly combined with decorative benches and wooden arbors. It is quite simple to make your own wattle fence in the country with your own hands for a flower bed, anyone can master it.
Varieties of wicker fences
Before you make a fence with your own hands to the country, you need to think about what kind of such a fence you will have installed. You can select a specific height and define a functional value. Thus, it is necessary to make a low fence whose height is equal to or less than 1 m, if there is a need for a decorative element of landscape design on the site. This fence will allow to protect a path or a bed. The fence may be slightly higher. This item is created for zoning territory. A medium height fence is usually used to emphasize the boundaries of a territory, but illusions of isolation will not be created. But higher fences, whose height is equal to 2 m, are created as full fences. They are set at the outer borders of the private territory.
The choice of material for the wicker fence
Before you make a fence in the country with their own hands, you need to pick up the material. This must be done correctly, since it is precisely this that determines the life of the fence. Thus, if you choose rogoza or reed for weaving a fence, you must be prepared for the fact that the construction will last no more than 4 years. But if there is a desire to make a more durable fence, the life of which will reach 10 years, then it is necessary to use a vine, as well as a willow or hazel. However, these periods of use of the fence can be extended by applying the method of treating wood with antiseptic compounds. In addition to the material, we have to choose the method of weaving, which may involve the use of the technique of vertical or horizontal weaving.
Selection of basis for future construction
Gossip with your own hands to the cottage must begin to perform after the basis is selected. As it can act as supporting pillars and sections. To perform them, it is necessary to use thin rods or branches, which are previously well intertwined. For the arrangement of the fence is permissible to use wooden stakes or steel supports. But it must be remembered that if wood is used for this part of the structure, it will rot faster and shorten the life of the fence. In order to install the stakes, it is necessary to use the method of initial preparation of the pits at the bottom of which sand is laid. This will protect the wood from prolonged exposure to water, which is able to linger in the ground. Whereas the sand will act as a layer through which the moisture in a short time will go deeper. This will prevent wood decay.
Features of the installation of stakes
The wattle fence to the dacha will be made on the basis of stakes, the surface of which must be treated with a chemical antiseptic before installation. In order to increase the stability of the fence, the stakes must necessarily be buried 0.5 m, no less. Steel supports should be used when there is a need to erect a high fence, whose height is more than 2 m. But if you have to work on a low fence, the stakes can be made of wood. You must select those of them that are at least 5 centimeters thick. They must be installed vertically using a level for this.
The wattle fence in the country with its own hands should be made taking into account the decorativeness, which is why all related elements should be painted in the color of the vines or branches used in the work. The step between supports or stakes should be equal to 0.5 m. As practice shows, the aforementioned distance is most suitable for weaving flexible willow rods and rigid branches. However, the master can choose the distance on his own, given the flexibility and thickness of the bars. Important and individual design ideas.
Along the trench, the supports should be located with the same pitch, whereas it is preferable to install them more often closer to the edges of the fence. This technique will allow you to get a kind of lock for fixing the ends of the rods.
Features of preparation of rods before weaving
Wattle in the country with their own hands, as a rule, is made from branches of willow, hazel or willow. However, if it is not possible to buy or stock up on a flexible vine, you can apply annual thin branches of fruit trees planted in the garden. If you decide that you will make a high fence, then it is permissible to use branches that are 3 cm thick, whereas low fences intended for decorative purposes, it is preferable to make from 2-inch rods.
You need to cut long shoots that are fairly smooth. They are initially dried and stored bundles in a bound form. So blanks can lie for a long time. For the manufacture of the fence, it is permissible to use fresh cut rods, on which there are green leaves.
If you decide to make a fence in the country with their own hands, the master class is advisable to see or read more carefully the information in this article. The branches that you prepared for weaving should be very well soaked. This will make them more flexible. Such blanks simply amenable to weaving. To steam the blanks and make them more flexible for a certain period, it is recommended to arrange a “steam bath”. After this procedure, the branches will dry out and gain their former strength. However, the described procedure can be used only in the case of untreated and uncoated rods.
If you decide to make a fence in the country with their own hands, a master class can be read in the text. Weaving should start from the bottom row, rising to the top of the fence. The rods are held alternately between support columns. The blanks should twist around the supporting pegs, in the end should get the figure eight. In order to prevent the fence from moving aside during the work, and it remains perfectly flat, the supports in their upper part must be fixed to even planks, and after the weaving is completed, these elements can be removed and the fence will have a complete look. When braiding the rods, make sure that the ends of the blanks are located strictly on the inside of the fence, otherwise the appearance of the fence will not be attractive. Before you make a fence in the country with their own hands, you need to prepare the wire that will be used to secure the ends of the rods. But the tails need to cut with a knife. The ends in the last row are not necessary to fill, they are filled along the stakes.
Decorating the fence
If you are thinking about how to decorate the fence in the country with their own hands, then for this you can use lacquer, which should be matched to the landscape design. In the role of decorative elements, it is permissible to use clay pots, artificial sunflowers and other attributes that fit the rustic style. You can use a variety of wooden objects exterior. Wattle in the country with their own hands, photos of which are presented in the article, you can easily make yourself.
Features of such a fence
Wicker buildings in the imagination of many urbanists - fragile, low wattle, not very presentable, erected in a hurry. But this view is not true. The modern variety of building materials allows you to make a wicker from branches, processed with special tools, wooden slats, planks, poles, thin long branches, even from a polyvinyl chloride rod or strip.
The popular experience gained over the centuries allows us to carry out sectional weaving, with a gap left between the canvases. If you use the technique of continuous weaving, it requires additional fastening, uniform distribution of the joints.
Really creating a strong fence, if you apply special materials. You can make a fence that is not inferior in height and strength to a brick one, weave a low fence for a flower bed with your own hands so that children and pets do not break fragile stems of planted plants. It is possible to weave a hedge in width or in height (horizontal and vertical weaving).
Rather powerful wicker fence
Each of the species has not only advantages and disadvantages, but also its own purpose.
Classic horizontal weaving can be done in an oblique way. Then the inherent impression of infinity will be even more decorative and will give an additional unusual look when laying out flower beds on the plot.
Variants of weaving fence
To diversify the impression and differentiate the target delineations when zoning, you can also perform various techniques of weaving simple patterns:
- a chessboard (chessboard) with horizontally arranged bunches of vine,
- chess diagonal - when some of the beams are deployed and secured additionally, while others are performed in a horizontal plane,
- openwork weaving of willow with your own hands, which, with a little practice, allows you to create real lace (the process is long, but worth the time spent)
- Multi-colored options using dark and light wood or vinyl rods that you can find the desired shade
- braiding: multi-core (in several rods) and single-core.
Various techniques of weaving a fence from twigs and rods
The craftsmen manage to lay out the patterns of the released loops on top of the made fence already in the process of work, thereby enhancing the decorative component even at the utilitarian shield of rods exposed to cover the household building. So you can make the wattle in different ways, the main thing is to decide how it should be. It is necessary to accurately measure the estimated dimensions and calculate the necessary materials.
The main use in modern conditions is decorative. Manufacturing facilities should not create the impression of being picked at random at a landfill, or bought at different times at a sale.
For self-made work you need three things:
- a set of special tools
- supports and mounts,
- wooden or synthetic rods.
There are many species of trees, but not all of them are equally suitable for wickers. Traditionally for this purpose flexible branches of willow (willow), hazel, rakita were used. Previously for such braids used cut on the river reed, sunflower stalks, and corn. But such things are short-lived, and after they fell into disrepair, they were used instead of fuel.
The owner of the site that made the capital braid of boards or pine branches, problems also inevitably appear if he did not take care of the impregnation of material from natural disasters, drainage for water flow and the application of insects.
The wicker fence will last longer if you use tree branches left after spring or autumn pruning of trees. The optimal time for the preparation of improvised material is the time from mid-autumn to early spring, which will not cause much harm to plantings.
In the video below you can see how to properly prepare the vine. It has a lot of useful information that is not useful if there is no suitable reservoir nearby.
Residents of old urban areas may use branches left over from preventive pruning by local authorities, but not all varieties of trees are suitable for weaving. Those who have a forest belt nearby can use the cut young branches of old trees, and the orchard owners will benefit from the branches of cherry, apple, walnut, dogwood.
The standard variant repeatedly tested in the Russian regions is the Amur grape vine, aspen, birch, maple, but the most traditional and widespread is the willow vine.
The bark and autumn shoots are removed from it, soaked in water to give flexibility (then it is much easier to weave). It can be painted in different colors, using potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide, coated with stain or boiled to obtain a brown tint.
The technique of weaving from the rod has reached a high level of skill, with its methods can be found on the virtual information portals. Below is a video showing what can be made of willow with an elementary presence of skills and skillful hands.
Methods of fastening and support are selected depending on the material of the manufacture of the fence.
These can be metal pipes, wooden stakes of large diameter and thin logs, for which holes are specially prepared or pits are dug.
How to make a fence of branches: step by step instructions
For the manufacture of the fence from the branches will need a special set of tools:
- rope and pegs for marking the territory,
- distance measuring tape,
- shovel, scrap and sledgehammer for installation of supports,
- self-tapping screws
- thick wire
- hatchet for trimming branches.
The supports are chosen, depending on the expected height of the fence, in proportion: the higher the fence, the thicker and stronger they are made. If metal pipes are used in this capacity, their diameter should not be less than 30-40 mm. Also needed transverse slats with a thickness of at least 25x45 mm. If the fence is high, you will need 3 slats for each span being constructed.
Experts recommend using freshly cut poles of the same length, from which side shoots, outgrowths and protuberances are carefully removed, preferably a small difference in the size of the diameter (3-6 cm).
Harvesting branches is better to make after the marking of the site is done and the exact area of the territory that the constructed fence will cover is known. This will make it possible to count the required number of supports, which are installed at a distance of no more than 3 m from each other.
It takes little physical effort.
Installation of the fence begins with digging holes under the supports and continues in a certain sequence:
- Pillars or pipes are driven into pits to a depth of about half a meter, covered with earth, which is carefully rammed. Sometimes their foundation is concreted to avoid the destructive effect of moisture, wind, and other natural hazards. Wooden supports are treated with an antiseptic, metal can be painted or applied against corrosion.
- The slats should be 10 cm longer than the distance between the supports. This will provide an opportunity to fasten them to the supports with a screwdriver or drill. They are placed at approximately the same distance, the bottom one is not lower than 30 cm from the soil, especially if there is no drainage groove under the future fence.
- Weaving branches in pairs. The first one is inserted between the planks so that the bulge falls on the middle bar from the side of the worker, the second one - with a convex protrusion in the opposite direction. After the installation of each pair, they are hammered along the entire length, so that they get as close as possible to each other.
- If additional stability is necessary, the pair of stakes are tightly fastened with wire in a narrow place, and then the same is done with the row in a separate span. The gap between the support column and the branches should be minimal, and even better - to be absent, because the raw wood shrivels a little and a hole is formed into which the wind will blow, shaking the building.
Below in the photo step by step instructions weaving fence for flower beds.
The main thing is to do everything consistently and not rush.
The fence from the branches should always be covered with wood stain and insect composition (antiseptic).
Periodically, it is necessary to check the condition of the base of the support column, especially if it has not been concreted. Practical experience says that such a fence can last for decades.
Like any natural material, wood requires careful maintenance, without which it is subject to an invasion of pests, shattering, or, conversely, rotting. From insects it is necessary to cover the antiseptic, rotting can be protected in the lower part of the application of hot bitumen. Above, where the effect of soil moisture is minimal, cover with stain or special paint.
Beautiful wicker flowerbed of branches in the country
There are also popular folk methods that make it possible to get by with improvised means without spending money on expensive factory structures for impregnating wood. The fence of wooden branches can be painted with potassium permanganate or peroxide. Такой вид обработки позволяет долго сохранять плетеные ветки в хорошем состоянии, продлить долговечность созданного собственноручно красивого плетеного изделия.
Разновидности плетеных изгородей
Глаз любого дачника порадует сделанная своими руками за одно лето декоративная плетень. The main value of such a fence is that it can be done practically from any available material. For the manufacture of wicker fence can be used:
- Flexible branches from any tree. You can weave single branches, if they are large in diameter, or grouped in bunches. Such a fence is the cheapest option for a decorative fence to give.
- The cane of the reed is a fence with a vertically installed fence of rogoza or reed bunches. A cut reed or reed before weaving is knitted into sheaves and fastened to horizontal crossbars with wire.
- A fence made of wicker or willow is a living wicker, created from spring sticking to the ground and rooted branches. First buds appear on them, and then leaflets, resulting in a beautiful green enclosure of the site.
- The veneer fence is a precast panel construction. Installed pre-support bends around veneer, which is fastened with short nails or metal clips.
- A fence from a fence is thin horizontally or vertically intertwined.
- The wicker fence of the boards will turn out to be a capital and reliable construction. For its manufacture, thin long boards are used, the supports for which must be installed in 1-1.5 m increments. The prepared material is placed between the vertical supports with the end down.
Braided fences differ not only by the material of manufacture, but also by the method of weaving.
Types of weaving
The classic way to weave a decorative hedge is horizontal branching between supports. However, for making their own hands more unusual fencing in the country you can use other types of weaving.
- Vertical weaving. For the manufacture of such a fence on the supports are rigidly attached horizontal strips of the branches of a tree with a diameter of 5-6 cm or a wooden beam. Then rods are vertically installed and interwoven between them.
- Chess Such a pattern is formed as a result of horizontal weaving of the rods, not one at a time, but in a group.
- Chess on the diagonal. This is the most difficult variant of weaving a decorative fence for the garden. For its manufacture, wooden frames are installed between the supports, on top of which, with a distance of 10-15 cm, rods are mounted. Then they turn in a diagonal, and in the direction of the opposite diagonal between them interweave other rods. To make such a fence for giving with your own hands, weaving skills are necessary.
All varieties of wicker fences can be seen in the photo.
The choice of material for a wicker fence
From the correct material will depend on the life of the fence. For example, if a fence is constructed of reeds, then you need to be prepared for what it will serve for no more than four years. More durable wattle fence to get from a rod, hazel or willow. It can stand for more than 10 years, especially if the material is treated with antiseptic compounds.
Vine can be purchased at nurseries. For the manufacture of openwork fences, thin branches with a diameter of up to one centimeter are best suited.
Material for decorative fencing can be prepared with your own hands, retaining the flexible curving branches after pruning trees in the garden. For work, you can use the rods of chokeberry, cherry, plum, pear, apple. It is best if they are up to two centimeters in diameter. In this case, weaving will be tight, and the fence without gaps.
Particular attention should be paid to the basis of the hedge, which should be of stakes with a diameter of more than five centimeters. If you plan to install a high wattle fence, then you will need to take steel supports as a basis.
How to make a fence with your own hands?
Selecting and preparing the material for the wicker fence, you can proceed to its construction.
First of all, supports are dug in, which can be stakes, metal pipes or wooden posts. The pegs should be buried in the ground by 30-40 cm. If the prepared rods are very thick, then the pit should be at least 50 cm deep. Step between supports must be made in 50-60 cm.
In order to keep the fence straight during work, the supporting pillars in the upper part are fixed with even slats, which are removed after the weaving is completed.
Weaving begins with the bottom row and gradually rises up. The first row is recommended to be placed 5-10 cm above the ground. This will relieve the weed from putrefactive processes, and it will last longer. The branches are alternately held between the supports so that the result is the figure 8.
The ends of the rods are fixed with wire prepared in advance, and the tails are cut with a knife. In the last row, the ends of the branches are tucked along the stakes.
To make the appearance of the fence attractive, the ends of the blanks need only be positioned. on the inside of the fence.
A hand-made weave can be decorated with artificial sunflowers, earthen pots or other objects that suit the rustic style.
Features of the wicker fence
A traditional wattle fence is a lightweight fence made of flexible branches or shoots. A characteristic feature of such a fence is a chaotic, artisanal structure, that is, the material is used in a “natural” form, and is practically not subjected to processing. Wicker fences are decorative designs, as they rarely exceed 1.5. High wattles are found now, however, this decision does not justify its existence, since the dimensions do not compensate for the fragility of the material, and the gaps will not allow to hide the area from prying eyes.
We scribble to enclose relatively small private ownership, or use them as additional fences inside and outside the site, for example, to enclose flowerbeds, a vegetable garden, etc. It is also ideal for demarcating the zone between adjacent areas, because a low construction will not greatly shade the adjacent territory.
Selection and calculation of material
Traditionally, willow (willow), hazel and willow are used to form wicker fences. These long, smooth and naturally flexible branches with a minimum number of transverse processes are ideal for such fences. This material is also distinguished by symmetry, which is an undoubted advantage. In some cases, practicing weaving wild reeds. Smooth and long stems bend beautifully, but such a fence will be very fragile. The bamboo weave will be more durable, but in this case the material will have to be purchased.
The calculation of the required number of vines is carried out "by eye". On average, one bunch of rods is enough to form a fence with a height and a length of 0.5 m. The value may deviate upwards or downwards, depending on the diameter of the rods and the density of weaving.
Note! You can weave tyn from young shoots of any trees and shrubs, but on condition that the branches are at least 1 m long. However, it should be noted that when choosing this material weaving will be chaotic, and the process itself will be more troublesome.
As the supporting pillars use large, smooth branches with a diameter of 4 cm. The use of round lumber, planks or metal rods is also appropriate, since this will prolong the life of the structure, but they will stand out strongly from the general background and the weave will lose its naturalness.
On average, the spacing between the carrier crossbars is from 0.5 to 0.3 m, based on which the required amount of material is calculated. The more often the supports are located, the tighter the weaving will be, and accordingly the structure will be stronger. With vertical weaving, you will also need longitudinal crossbars, no less than five for the entire height of the fence.
In addition to the preparation of the material, you need to take care of the availability of all the necessary tools:
- pruning shears
- wooden hammer
- big hammer or sledge hammer
- construction thread or fishing line,
How to make a wicker wooden fence from the branches with your own hands
Horizontal weaving is traditional, as with it a dense and durable fence is formed. Vertical arrangement of branches will not provide the necessary density. Install the fence in the following order:
- Markup is done. A thread or a fishing line is pulled along the line of the future fence. On the established benchmark are put labels for supports. The distance between the bearing stakes during horizontal weaving can be from 0.3 to 0.5 m. Poles with a vertical arrangement of branches can be driven through every meter.
The recessed part of the supports is the weakest point of the fence, as it quickly decays and collapses due to the influence of ground moisture. Therefore, it is recommended to install the stakes in plastic pipes of a suitable diameter that were previously driven into the ground. This will increase the service life of the fence several times.
Vertical weaving is carried out on a similar principle, with the difference that it is recommended to fix each rod both from above and below so that the structure does not loose.
Caring for ready tyn
On average, the life of the fence does not exceed 5-7 years. After this period, the fence begins to dilapidate. The main "enemy" of the wicker fence is dampness, which makes the supports and the lower part of the structure rot. To prolong the life of this product, it is necessary to prevent the accumulation of water under it. It is also undesirable for thick and tall grass to grow under the fence, as the moisture in the thickets is created.
Antiseptics or matt varnishes can be used for protection. They will protect the aboveground part from moisture. If you prefer a lacquer coating, then it is desirable to use matte compositions, as the gloss will look unnatural. Annual treatment with protective compounds will help to maximize the lifespan of the wicker fence.
Wicker fence is easy to do with your own hands, even outside the city. At the same time financial costs will be minimal.