General information

Description of the white row

Love to collect mushrooms - a row of edible white photos and a description below. This type of mushroom is found throughout the temperate, forestry Russian zone. Mushroom pickers collect them in almost all forests, forest litter and soil. Rowing belong to the autumn species of mushrooms. They bear fruit in huge groups with the onset of the first days of September until the very end of November. A special surge in the ryadovok traced in the first days of September and early October.

Important! Among the most popular types of ryadovok - edible white, crowded, yellow-red, giant, lilovonogaya and purple.

Some species of these mushrooms, for example, edible white and twisted ryadovki, as noted by experienced mushroom pickers, have excellent taste. As for the other species - yellow-red has a lower taste. However, despite all this, mushroom pickers mark this type of mushroom - ryadovok.

Photo and description of edible white line

  • The cap of edible white ryadovki reaches a diameter of 4 to 15 cm.
  • It has a color - white, brownish gray, dirty white, white with dark stripes.
  • The plate is ryadovki edible white, similar to almost all other types of ordinary mushrooms. Older fungi of this species have a straw-light color, bluish-gray.
  • The leg of the fungus is dense, strong, fibrous, as a rule, deeply immersed in the soil. As for the color of the leg ryadovki, it is found white, gray and slightly yellow.
  • The flesh inside the fungus in almost all forms, white, friable and fragile, is sometimes found yellowish, gray in color with a pleasant taste and aromatic odor.

Mushrooms ryadovki - gray edible photos and descriptions are similar to the description of the white edible rows above. Most often, these mushrooms grow in mixed and coniferous forests, can often inhabit mosses and grow on sandy soil. Unlike the white mushrooms, the gray rows begin to bear fruit from the end of August to the very November. Often, white ryadovki, inexperienced mushroom pickers are confused with gray species that differ from white ones - with a little gray tones on caps and legs.

Important! The white row belongs to the lamellar, ground kinds of mushrooms. The main distinctive characteristic of these mushrooms from others is the huge color variety, the size and surface is fibrous and scaly. Currently, there are about a hundred types of rows and they are divided into inedible and edible. The ratio of ryadovok in nature, you can say the same, for this reason, before you begin to collect mushrooms ryadovok, you need to know what it looks like edible in this case, white and gray. In addition, you must understand their distinctive features and characteristics.

Hat

The fruit body of the fungus has a hatpaloid structure. Depending on the type of rowing, the hat of a young mushroom can be bell-shaped, conical and spherical. As for its diameter, we mentioned this above. With the advent of the age of the fungus, its cap straightens from cone-shaped to spherical, with edges slightly curved outward.

The skin of the cap of the fungus is mucous and smooth - from scaly to fibrous, dry and velvety. The color of the white edible cap of the ryadovki, as a rule, is pure white - with small shades of brown, green, red and yellow colors. In the process of development and growth of the fungus, its color (cap) may vary.

Appearance Rows white

Mushrooms Ryadovki white inedible, they are dangerous to health. Therefore, they are not used in medicine and cooking. The species is not grown at home or at work. Poisonous fruits are removed from the site by chemical means and digging the soil.

Belaya Ryadovka lives in deciduous and mixed forests, comes across under single coniferous trees. It is found in groves and parks. It grows in groups, actively fruiting from July to September. In Russia, it predominates in the European part of the country.

Description of white line:

  • The diameter of the cap is up to 10 cm. The shape is prostrate, with concave, uneven edges. In old fruit, it is brown or brown, with spots. The skin is dry, not shiny, slightly rough.
  • The leg of the fetus is visually separated from the cap, has a cylindrical shape. The length is from 5 to 10 cm. Sometimes there is a mealy coating above. Extends to the bottom, forming a small tuber. Skirt on her missing. The density of elastic, not hollow.
  • The flesh is thick, fleshy, pink on the break, it can have a sharp musty smell, some have a hyacinth aroma. It tastes bitter and burning.
  • The plates are the color of the flesh, yellowing with age. The spore powder is white.

Contraindications and symptoms of poisoning

Rowing white inedible, it is dangerous to everyone. It contains poisonous neurotropic toxins, which makes it unsuitable for food and dangerous for the body. Launched poisoning is fatal. Immediately initiated cleansing actions guarantee a speedy and complete recovery.

The white row is very dangerous

Symptoms of poisoning appear after 1-3 hours:

  • a person becomes sick, sick, vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • confusion, hallucinations, fainting,
  • temperature rise,
  • weakness, dizziness,
  • sweating
  • severe pain in the stomach (not always).

At the first sign of poisoning, you should immediately call an ambulance.

While she is driving, give the person strong absorbents, provide plenty of drink. Do not take antiemetic: vomiting will help cleanse the body.

Doctors spend washing the stomach, give the patient absorbents. During treatment, the patient complies with bed restraint, limited in products. In severe cases, prescribe drugs for the stomach, heart, liver, nervous system.

Rehabilitation and prevention measures

For some time after treatment, the patient can not drink alcohol, eat mushrooms. Canned foods cause botulism, which is also treated in the hospital. Prevention measures include:

  • Selectively collect forest fruits and not pluck unknown species.
  • Never try to use even processed inedible or poisonous specimens.
  • Sort through the trophies again, carefully handle even edible.
  • Do not buy the fruit with it.
  • Do not eat at the same time a lot of fruit, albeit processed. They are considered heavy food.

Particularly susceptible to product poisoning are people with a weak stomach, liver, intestinal diseases, children and the elderly. They eat foods should be in small quantities.

Can i eat

White row - inedible view, a member of the group of poorly poisonous mushrooms. In some sources, white tricholom is completely represented as a poisonous organism. Of course, this is not poisonous tricholom, provoking severe intoxication of the body, but it can deliver several painful hours. Mushroom causes in humans easy poisoning - mainly intestinal and stomach disorders. Intoxication is expressed by weakness in the body, high sweating, cutting in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of consciousness is possible. These symptoms usually occur one or two hours after the consumption of mushrooms for food.

This variety is not suitable for use in food purposes also because of the caustic and burning taste of the pulp, as well as its strong repulsive smell. The stench from the fungus is so persistent that it does not disappear even after a long heat treatment. The same applies to the unpleasant bitterness.

How does it look

Further we will get acquainted with the botanical description, distinctive features, as well as photos of the Tricholoma album. The fruit body of this species is characterized by rather big sizes and powerful addition, skinny samples are almost not found. So, for the white tricholoms are characteristic the following outward appearance signs.

The diameter of the cap can vary from 5 to 10 cm (the maximum possible diameter is 12 cm). To the touch the surface of the cap is smooth, always dry (matte). In young samples, it is rather dense, markedly convex, with a fleshy, wrapped edge. As it grows, it expands to a flat-prostrate shape with a lowered margin (a large blunt tubercle is usually retained in the center of the cap).

Being initially completely white, the color of the cap gradually becomes dull, grayish. In old specimens, the cap is covered with light ocher spots, and its center is colored yellowish-brown or brown. The cracked cap is a consequence of the difference in temperature, moisture deficiency, and most importantly - this sign about yourself makes it possible to know the age of the fungus.

The leg is powerful, elastic, has a cylindrical shape, at the base is somewhat stretched. Its height is 5–10 cm, and its thickness is 1–2 cm. Sometimes a powdery appearance appears on the surface of the leg. As for color, in young ryadovok it is similar to the color of the cap (that is, white), but over time it changes to yellowish-brown (at the base, the color may turn black). In addition, the legs of old samples dry out, harden and crack easily. It is easy to recognize white tricholem by a characteristic split leg.

Under the cap of the fungus, one can observe wide, frequent, winding plates of different lengths. Hymenophore grows a tooth to the leg, but at the same time it descends a little on it. In young tricholes, the plates are painted white, and in overgrown ones they are a little yellowish.

The pulp is fibrous, fleshy, dense, white in color. At damage in places of a break, the color gradually turns into a pink tone. In old samples, the pulp is easily split. A distinctive feature of this type of tricholomus is a peculiar odor, which emits pulp at a break. Some mushroom pickers compare this unpleasant "smell" with the smell of gas or the stench of stale mildew. Others point out that the smell reminds them of the aroma coming from the radish. Mature white tricholoms are easy to smell before visual contact with them. At the same time, in young samples, the flesh has almost no odor, or it smells weaker than mature ones.

Where and when grows

White rowing can be found in dense deciduous or mixed forests, often in birch forests or where beech grows. Also quite often the species is found in a grove, at the edge of a forest, in a park area, near populated areas, as well as in meadows, light glades and other open areas covered with grassy vegetation. As for the main range of growth, the white row is widespread throughout the European continent. White tricholome prefers acidic soils. The fungus usually grows in large groups (rows), which fully justifies its name.

Growth period begins in July. The richest fruiting is observed in the last weeks of September. Foul-smelling fruit bodies are usually transferred after the first frost - in mid-October. Due to the dense composition of the fruit body, these creatures can stand for a very long time. Under good climatic conditions, the most successful samples can survive for up to three weeks without external signs of damage.

What mushrooms are like

Tricholom white is a very changeable creature. Sometimes it resembles edible govorushki, and in an unfavorable period, it can turn around at all with a young white fungus. White mushroom

The described species is easily confused with another inedible fungus of the Row family - tricolomus smelly. The color in this case is slightly grayish, the plates are rare, and the leg is much longer than the white row. The fetal body of the stinking variety is rich in hallucinogens, which can cause auditory and visual hallucinations in humans. Tricholoma inamoenum (stinking row) The white row has similarities with tricholome gray. But the gray species grows mainly in pine forests, has a sticky cap and a pleasant smell. In addition, the flesh of the gray ryadovki on a fracture slightly yellow, and in the white tricholes, as we remember, it turns pink. Tricholoma portentosum (gray row) In addition, because of the white color from a distance, it can be easily mistaken for a representative of the genus Champignon. However, if you look closely, then edible champignons can be seen on plates of various colors (from pink to dark brown), while darkening is not peculiar to plates of Tricholomy. Another external difference from champignons is that there are no rings on the leg or a blanket under the cap. And if you smell, you can feel the obvious differences - there is no sharp, disgusting smell in the pulp of the champignon. On the contrary, champignons have an attractive anise flavor.

The white trichome from champignon is also distinguished by a pungent, pungent taste, but it is better not to test this difference in practice, so as not to harm your health.

Video: white row

We hope that this review will help you not to be a little confused and not to be mistaken when the season of picking mushrooms comes. In order not to accidentally eat Tricholoma album and not get food poisoning, it is better not to put yourself and your family in danger and simply throw the dubious fungus out of your basket.

Mushroom row

We offer to see the mushrooms ryadovki edible and inedible in the photo, and then we will continue to familiarize representatives of the mushroom kingdom with these species:

Mushroom row on photo

Mushroom row on photo

White mushrooms inedible (with photo)

White mushrooms inedible in the photo

White mushrooms inedible in the photo

Rowdovki whites - mushrooms inedible: the photo further shows their appearance, which is worth remembering for each mushroom picker. The cap is 3–8 cm in diameter, young specimens bulging with a curved edge, then open and curved, dry, smooth, white, sometimes with a cream shade. The plates are notched white, deep with a cream shade. The leg is firm, elastic, white, 5-10 cm long, up to 1 cm thick. The flesh is white, dense with an unpleasant musty smell of soap.

It grows in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests, especially on limestone soils. Forms "witch circles", often found in forest belts. Appears in large quantities soon after rain.

Fruits from July to October.

The white line is similar to the poisonous fungus of the whitish goat (Cliticybe dealbata), which has a floury smell, concentric circles on the cap, and plates that run down onto the leg.

Edible varieties of the mushroom row: photo and description

Edible fungus varieties ryadovka presented below, it is worth studying them to understand the important differences in appearance.

Row of a lavender (Lepista personata)

Ryadovka macula on the photo

Ryadovka macula on the photo

Mushroom is edible. It is possible to examine this fungus ryadovka in the photo and in the description in sufficient detail: a stitched hat 5-14 cm in diameter, in young specimens strongly convex yellowish-brown with tucked pale lilac edge, then flat convex, opened smooth light, yellowish beige or white with lilac shade. The plates are low, frequent, adherent, descending, white or pale cream, not violet. The leg is cylindrical, fibrous, glabrous, light lilac or with lilac strokes, 3–8 cm long and 2–3 cm thick. The flesh is white, the cut is pale lilac.

It grows on the edges of deciduous and mixed forests, on pastures with humus-rich soil, on potato fields and on lawns of parks and gardens.

Fruits in August to November. Maximum fruiting in September and before frost.

No poisonous twins.

Row gray (Tricholoma portentosum)

Rowing gray in the photo

Rowing gray in the photo

Mushroom is edible. Look at these varieties of mushrooms in the photo: caps 5–10 cm in diameter, bulging in young specimens, then open and curved, cracked at the edges, dry, olive-gray or gray with a violet hue. The plates are white or yellowish, adherent teeth. Leg cylindrical fibrous whitish 5-12 cm long and 1 cm thick, if cut, quickly razmochmachivaetsya into separate bunches. The flesh is whitish-yellow with a floury smell and taste.

It grows in mixed and coniferous forests, on sandy soils and on moss-covered peatlands. In Russia, in the fall, it is sold in the markets.

Fruits in August to November. Especially appreciated in late autumn, when there are few other mushrooms.

The inedible twin striped ryadovka (Tricholoma virigatum) differs from the gray tapered cap and the greater streak of young mushrooms.

Rowing purple or titmouse (Lepista nuda)

Rowing purple on photo

Rowing purple on photo

Mushroom is edible. Fleshy cap 5-14 cm in diameter, young specimens convex, lilac or reddish-purple, then flat-convex, open, sometimes curved at the beginning of fruiting under the leaves, smooth purple or violet-brown. The plates are frequent, adherent, white or pale purple. The stem is cylindrical, fibrous, glabrous, light purple, 5–8 cm long and 1–3 cm thick. The flesh is purple, then white-gray, on the cut is pale lilac.

It grows on the edges of coniferous and mixed forests on meadows, along roads, especially on fallen conifer needles.

Fruits in August to November. Maximum fruiting in September and before frost.

No poisonous twins.

The mushroom is suitable for any cooking options. It is one of the most popular edible, easily identifiable fungi.

Scale rowovka

Scale rowing on photo

Mushroom is edible. Шляпки до 10 см в диаметре, у молодых экземпляров выпуклые, тонковолокнистые, затем раскрытые, тонкочешуйчатые. Пластинки частые светло-кремовые, при повреждении становятся розово-коричневыми. Ножка цилиндрическая, волокнистая, твердая, белая, внизу коричневатая, 5-12 см длиной и 1 см толщиной. Мякоть белая с приятным запахом, иногда слабо горчит.

It grows in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests on acidic and neutral soils.

Fruits from August to October in large quantities.

The scaly ryadovka resembles the inedible bovine (Tricholoma vaccinum), which has a bitter flesh and a more scaly hat.