Delicate violets delight the eyes all year round, either in the flowerpots on the windowsills, or in flowerbeds near the house. Violet Wittrock is a flowerbed plant, but in pots on the terraces, too, looks gorgeous. How to grow it and care for this beauty, you can learn from our article.
Viola, Vittrock violet, pansies ...
It's all about her, about Vittrok's violet from the family of violets. Annual plants are the most stunning colors: purple, white, pink, chocolate, rich blue. Ruby red or dark brown, flowers with yellow and white eyes are gorgeous!
Large-flowered varieties of flowers often have a blue-violet, red or yellow color with a dark eye. They bloom in spring.
Small-flowered varieties bloom from summer to autumn, have a bright palette, but they do not have a dark eye. If you plant several varieties, you can admire the abundance of colors throughout the warm days!
It is much easier to plant the plants by cuttings and shoots, but in order to grow plants from seeds, you need to try. There are two options for germinating seeds. There is nothing difficult, but you need to perform each stage on time, and the Vittrock violet will thank you with its colorful flowering. Growing can be carried out in greenhouses and greenhouses, on glazed balconies.
- Sowing is carried out in greenhouses around the beginning of March, the temperature should not be below 20 ° C. When the seedlings sprout, it should be moved to a sunny place, but the temperature should be reduced to 10-15 degrees.
- You can sow the seeds in July, leaving space between them. The plant, sown in summer, will only bloom next year.
- You can plant a culture of young shoots in May by half a centimeter in depth. It is necessary for transplantation to choose cuttings with three nodes.
The easiest way - planting ready seedlings.
During the warmer months you can admire how Vittrock violet blooms under your windows. Growing from seed requires more attention and care.
Proper care and lush bloom
In favorable conditions, Vittrock violet blooms more intensely. The plant likes watering, but there should be no stagnation of water, it is necessary to plant a crop in places where there is a lot of light or partial shade. In low-light places the flowers become smaller.
Violet of Vittrock will be better to bloom if it is fed with mineral fertilizers. Manure fertilize these plants can not.
If spots or blackness on a leg appear on the leaves, and rot is noticed near the root, this indicates a plant disease, which may be caused by excessive watering. In this case, the sick specimens must be removed, and their neighbors sprinkled with copper oxychloride solution. When powdery mildew appears on the leaves, a solution of soda and soap can be made in equal proportions.
To violet long bloomed
The blooming violet of Vittrock looks unusual and bright. Photos taken with the help of modern digital technology, fully convey the beauty of the flower. And so that this beauty lasts as long as possible, it is necessary to pluck faded flowers in time. After the seeds ripen, the edges of the pods turn white, and the plants stop growing, and the flowering stops with the growth stopping.
In addition to external beauty, Vittrock violet also has medicinal properties, a description of medicinal properties can be found in the relevant literature.
Violet grows quickly enough, reaching 25 centimeters. During flowering, the plant grows a little, and the emission of new flowers can last several months. Flowering time is reduced at high temperatures. If the plants are too densely planted, then the violet Vittrock gives less color. Dates of flowering plants stretched from early spring to late autumn.
Selection of varieties for planting
If you do not want to engage in the cultivation of violets from seed, you can buy ready-made shoots, it is better to do this in the spring and opt for compact plants, if the specimen is too stretched up, it is better to ignore it.
Choosing varieties, you can be guided only by your sense of taste, in terms of care, they do not differ, their main and most important difference is the color and size of the flower!
Cultures with large and small flowers can be planted nearby, Vittrock violets from different varieties also get along well nearby.
Meet the varieties
When planting plants, you can rely on your desires, but it is desirable to take into account how the Vittrok violet blooms.Duration of flowering in different varieties may vary. If you know these features, you can plant your site in such a way that the flowers on it were from early spring to autumn. It is incredibly difficult to describe all varieties, because along with hybrids there are a lot of them. If plants differ only in color of flowers, they are united in a variety.
The size of the flower is as large as possible, the varieties are represented by various shades, and they tolerate weather changes well.
- Their diameter can reach 11 cm. Super Majestic Giants F1 grows on low bushes, blooms throughout the season, tolerates temperature fluctuations and heat. Maybe different colors.
- One of the new series Magnum F1 with early flowering.
- Dynamite, which changes color when it is cold - it becomes brighter, when the weather is hot, it brightens.
- Ultima F1 blooms almost to frost.
- Ultima Raids Crown F1 - a flower of the correct form, bright, without spots, grows on dwarf bushes.
- The long-playing Imperial variety is represented by 12 varieties of different colors.
Medium Flowery Vittrok Violet
- 20 varieties from Spring Time F1. The color is ejected early and for a long time, the plant is compact, winter-hardy.
- The fast-growing, green variety Trimardo. Flower classic shape. The most common varieties: Cardinal, Adonis, Lord Beaconsfield, Morenenig, Super Beaconsfield.
- It tolerates winter, blooms early and abundantly Schweizer Riesen. Popular varieties of this variety are: Firnenshne, Oranje Marie, Firnengold, Flameme, Bergwacht, Abendglut.
- Crystal Bowl - dwarf varietal series, which has 12 varieties. With a uniform color and numerous buds. Culture with small dark green leaves. Violet is suitable for open areas, tolerates heat well.
- Violet Vittroka variety Maxim F1 tolerates cold and heat. The beginning of flowering is early and long. In the 12 varieties, the names reflect the color (Maxim Rose, Maxim Orange, etc.)
- 15 varieties include the Giant Forranner F1 variety. The plant tolerates wintering.
Violets with small flowers
- Hemalis - flowering begins early, small bushes. The variety series includes such popular varieties as Jupiter, Mars, Geolis, Himmelskenigin, Nordpol.
- The Wagon F1 includes 10 varieties. They are distinguished by early lush flowering.
- Flamenco variety F1 is not by chance that name. Red-orange flowers with a yellow, blurred hatching center, certainly resemble the dresses of the dancers of this fiery dance.
Here is such a multifaceted Vittrock violet. There are also many other varieties, not so popular, but no less beautiful.
Choosing the right place
When choosing a place for planting a crop, it is advisable to know how it reacts to heat, sunlight, dampness, and so on. Violet Wittrock is unpretentious, grows both in open ground and in pots and pots. If you plant a lot of violets in one place, they will become a bright spot against the background of the rest of the vegetation.
Flowers do not tolerate even a temporary drought, so watering should be as needed so that the earth does not dry out. Once every two weeks it is advisable to feed the plant with fertilizers.
Plant care actually takes a long time. That the plants were healthy and constantly bloomed, they need to be monitored. It is necessary to remove dried flowers and leaves, water and spray insects. Only in this case, you can count on pystsvetloe in the greenhouse.
There are moments when the plant is injured, because often animals like to rest in such front gardens, they knead whole areas in their favorite places. If the stalks are not broken, the bush will rise, if the shoots become dry or turn yellow, then they can be removed from the flower bed to make room for new shoots.
Features of growing violets (viola) Wittrock
The plant is cold-resistant, winter-hardy, shade-tolerant, neutral to the length of the day. Most varieties develop well in the sun and in partial shade, but when the weather is hot and sunny, plants that grow under the direct rays of the sun are drawn upwards and small flowers form on them. The optimal temperature for the growth of Vittrok violets is + 10-15 ° C. When growing viola in the penumbra, its flowering is not so abundant, but longer.
Violets prefer fertile, well-drained, moist loamy and sandy soils with an acidity index of pH = 6.0-8.0. On dry soil, the plant does not bloom, in the heat requires good watering. In addition, it is desirable to protect the flower from the wind. Viola excellent tolerate transplant in blooming condition. You should not plant the plants in the lowlands, where the melt water stagnates. They suffer poorly and fresh organic fertilizers.
In general, pansies - flowers are quite unpretentious, and growing them does not cause much trouble to the gardener. Plants give abundant self-seeding.
Wittrock viola landing
With the traditional 2-year-old culture, seeds are sown in a hotbed in June-July. Earthen mixture is used as a substrate or mixed soil, humus, peat and sand are mixed (2: 2: 2: 1). Seeds are sown sparingly, in rows in shallow grooves or randomly, and covered with soil by 0.5 cm. Seeding rate - 2-3 grams of seeds per 1 m 2. The optimum temperature for seed germination is +20 degrees.
Shoots appear 10-15 days after sowing. At first, seedlings develop very slowly. In the phase of two true leaves, they are diving under the 6 × 6 cm scheme. 7–10 days after the dive, the plants begin to feed. In late summer - early autumn, seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
A week before planting, they dig up the soil, adding humus or compost (but not fresh manure). Plants are planted at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other (depending on the height of the variety). After planting, the soil around the plants is mulched with peat or humus with a layer of 3-5 cm. This allows preserving the moisture needed for rooting, and also has a beneficial effect in the winter-spring period. Winter sowing and spring planting provide a later, but long flowering until autumn.
If the violet is grown as an annual crop for flowering in the summer, the seeds are sown indoors in February-March. Flowering plants are planted in a permanent place in late April - early May. This method of cultivation is practiced in urban gardening.
Currently used container technology, which allows to obtain flowering plants all year round. For this, seeds are sown in summer or autumn. Autumn seedlings are kept at a temperature of +5 degrees before the onset of fairly bright days, until about February. After that, the temperature is raised to + 12-17 degrees for flowering. Backlit flowering plants can be obtained in the winter. Seedlings of summer sowing bloom in autumn.
When planting rare forms or when there is a shortage of planting material, cuttings are carried out. In this case, the cuttings are planted not only in greenhouses, but also in a permanent place. After planting, the plants are watered abundantly for about one and a half weeks until full survival. After 3-4 years the violets grow, the bushes fall apart, lose decorativeness, and flowering becomes more scarce. To prevent degeneration, the bushes divide every three years or re-sow.
CARE FOR Violet
For plants required timely moderate watering. They do not even tolerate short-term drying out of the soil, so do not allow this. Loosening, weeding and mulching the soil in spring is recommended. After flowering, wilted flowers are removed, which stimulates the active continuation of flowering.
Feedings are carried out once every 10 days with universal fertilizers. At the end of the summer it is not bad to use foliar top dressing - spray leaves with special fertilizers.
Although the violet is winter-resistant enough, in severe winters the plants need light shelter with fir branches or trees.
DISEASES AND PESTS OF VIEWS
Diseases of violets - black foot, gray rot, rust, spotting, smut, powdery mildew, root rot, variegation, necrotic ring spotting. It is recommended to destroy diseased plants in order to remove the infection from the garden and dig the soil deep. Violets of violets - clover scoop, violet pearl. To control pests using insecticides.
The use of violets in gardening
A variety of varieties allows you to use the culture in the regular and landscape flower gardens of any style. Due to their very early flowering, they are widely used for spring gardening of gardens and parks, as well as for flower-bed decoration of bed gardens, flower beds, borders, parterres. Also, violets are used in the foreground in mix boarders, near rocks in rockeries and on alpine hills, in groups on the lawn, as a decoration of tree trunks and as container culture, including balconies and windows.
Beautiful flowering varieties of violets:
Plant height 15-20 cm. The flowers are purple-blue, with dark purple spots on the three lower petals with a diameter of more than 6 cm.
- "Carnival Orange" ("Carnival Orange")
Plant height 15-20 cm. The flowers are orange, with a diameter of more than 6 cm.
Plant height 15-20 cm. The flowers are yellow, with brown spots on the three lower petals, with a diameter of 4-6 cm.
- Lord Beaconsfield (Dord Beaconsfield)
The height of the plant is 15-20 cm. The flowers are oval-rounded, purple-blue, with a diameter of 4.5-5.5 cm. The upper petals are white and blue, with purple strokes at the base, “the lower ones are dark-purple, with a purple uneven border” on the edge.
Plant height 15-20 cm. Flowers with a diameter of 4-6 cm, dark purple, almost black, velvety.
Plant height 15-20 cm. The flowers are dark red, almost cherry, with a diameter of 4-6 cm, the base of the petals are yellow, with dark spots on the three lower petals.
Plant height 20-25 cm. The flowers are white, diameter 4-6 cm> base of the petals are yellow.
Height - 30 cm, diameter - 80 cm. The leaves are broadly oval (18 × 13 cm), pointed, with a creamy yellow center and a blue-green edge, covered with bloom. Flowers are almost white.
Plant height 15-20 cm. The flowers are lemon yellow, the lower petal at the base is yellow-orange, with a diameter of 4-6 cm.
The author and consultant, a recognized expert in the field of breeding violets: Svetlana Mashkovskaya.
Viola: Varieties and Varieties
The genus viola has up to 500 species, but only some of them are selected for cultivation in gardens. On these species and varieties, we dwell in more detail.
- Viola tricolor. A low plant with rounded leaves, reaches a height of 15 cm. Small inflorescences - 1-1.5 cm. The color most often combines white, yellow, blue and purple shades. Flowering long: from April to September.
Viola feels good in sunny areas and in the shade. But you should avoid sun and full shading. Try to choose a place where a few hours a day your flowers will be shaded, and the rest of the time they will bask in the sun.
The planting of the viola can be done both by seedlings and seeds. Seeds are sown in open ground in May. In the wells lay 2–3 seeds, and in the furrows 50–60 per meter. Gardeners do not recommend to deeply deepen the seeds, it is enough 0.5–0.7 cm. Sprinkle with a thin layer of earth and pour on top. The first sprouts will not be long in coming. After a week, it is recommended to tighten the young overgrown with a dark film so that they will not burn in the sun. After two weeks, the film can be removed.
Planting seeds on seedlings is similar. In February, seeds are sown in pots or boxes. Young violets dive twice. The first time as soon as the first shoots appear, the second time in 2-3 weeks. In open ground seedlings can be planted in two months. There is no need to leave large gaps between the beds with a viol, for a free growth of 25 cm is enough for a viola.
Council If you decide to grow seedlings, it is best to use a special ready-made substrate for violets, which can be bought at any hardware store.
The root system of the viola is quite shallow, because the watering of this flower should be regular. But do not allow stagnant water. In addition, the viola gratefully responds to the loosening. For the winter viola is best covered. For this will be enough a small layer of lapnik, peat or leaves.
Fertilizer and Feeding Viola
You can begin to fertilize this perennial plant with the preparation of beds. In the autumn, when digging, it is recommended to apply humus or mineral fertilizer. Seedlings need to be fertilized once every two weeks with complex mineral fertilizers.
Adult flowers will be grateful to feed from superphosphate, which must be applied once a month, but manure should be avoided.
Для сохранения сортовых качеств можно размножать виолу черенкованием, так как при переопылении образовавшиеся семена могут дать потомство, утратившее материнские признаки. Кроме того, черенкование позволяет омолаживать растения, которые после трех лет слишком разрастаются и теряют пышность цветения.
Виолу можно черенковать в любое время года, даже в процессе цветения она легко переносит пересадки. It is best to choose green shoots, which have already formed 2–3 buds. Carefully pruned cuttings are planted in the garden bed, which is best done in a shade. You should not deepen the cuttings, it will be enough for 0.5–1 cm. Do not forget to water your seedlings periodically, and within a month you will have ready planting material.
Council When planting the cuttings, you can cover them with a damp cloth or paper to avoid drying out and wilting.
Diseases and pests
Viola, planting and care in the open field for which are very simple, will delight you with colors all summer. And to avoid the difficulties associated with diseases and pests follow the simple rules of agricultural engineering. The most common disease among violets is powdery mildew. It occurs when improper feeding - from nitrogen overload. In this case, it is necessary to treat the plant with soda mixed with soap.
In addition to powdery mildew, with an excess of moisture, problems such as blackleg or gray mold can be encountered. If these diseases are detected, immediately remove the diseased bushes, until the fungus has spread to the whole bed.
Occasionally, the viola is more blotchy, while drying of the leaves is observed, and the plant itself weakens and dies. Such plants must be uprooted and burned, and the remaining perennials sprinkled Bordeaux liquid.
Of the pests for viola dangerous caterpillars that eat the leaves of the plant. To combat them use specialized tools.
Viola in landscape design
Viola is very friendly and gets on well with other perennials. It goes well with daisies and daffodils.
Small-flowered violets are most expressive when they grow in large quantities. A peculiar carpet of green leaves and small flowers of fragrant violet can be made even more spectacular if you add other early flowering cultures to it. Proleski, crocus, doronicum and tiarella are ideal.
White violets will be ideally combined with a Dicentra and red peonies. Very often in the landscape design violets adorn the alpine hills, together with the gorse, the army and the iberis.
Different varieties of viola are used as curb plantings, and ground cover plants are combined with ornamental shrubs and dwarf conifer trees. In the flowerbeds and mixed flower beds, the involuntary companions of the viola became forget-me-nots, tulips and daisies. The simplicity of viola and the simplicity of growing it in pots allows you to decorate not only flower beds and gardens, but also terraces, balconies and window sills.
Viola, like all violets, also differs in its medicinal abilities. Its decoctions are used for laryngitis, gastritis and many other diseases. And the very tincture of violets is often drunk instead of tea, as it has a very pleasant taste and aroma.
Viola, as we were able to see, is a simple and unpretentious plant, the cultivation of which will not cause you any trouble while observing the rules of agricultural engineering and minimal effort. A bright multi-colored flower beds with violets will delight you with its flowering until the frost.
Violets are rich in an unimaginable variety of varieties. Today there are more than 15 thousand known species. Some of the most common varieties, which can most often be found on flowerbeds of amateur gardeners, require special attention.
Flowers in this variety have a dark purple color. In the center is an even darker spot. In its core there is a bright yellow peephole. Semi-sprawling bushes grow up to 20 centimeters in height.
Green leaves with a gray tint. The flowers are small, round, up to 6 centimeters in diameter. At the same time on the plant blooms from 12 to 18 flowers.
Bambini variety blooms in the spring-summer period and has the widest color spectrum. The most common petals are yellow and white. From the core to the middle of the petals there are many strips of contrasting hue.
F1 Crystal Bowl White
This variety is a hybrid. It looks luxurious in flowerbeds: its large flowers, which are 10 centimeters in diameter, have a pure white color. In the middle, a yellow eye is tempting. The edges of the petals are velvet and wavy, like a dress.
Delta Pure Deep Orange
The variety of this series is monochrome. It has a bright orange color without impurities, patches and spots, which is a distinctive feature of this species. This plant is unpretentious to weather conditions and compact in size.
These flowers look beautiful in flowerbeds. They are bright and sunny. Their large flowers, exceeding a diameter of 6 centimeters, have a bright yellow color. In the center of the petals is a large dark spot of purple hue.
Majestic Giant II Scherry
Bushes are relatively low, reaching only 15 centimeters in height. The diameter of the flowers is quite large and is equal to 10 centimeters. The flowering period is long - begins in spring and ends in autumn.
Flowers most often pink and purple colors, have a dark central part, sometimes have a dark rim along the edges of the petals.
This grade is rather hardy and successfully transfers not only cold, but also heat. Begins to bloom early and boasts a rather long duration. In the color of the petals there are purple edges, a white rim around the perimeter and a dark central spot.
A luxurious white violet with a golden eye resembles a bride.
This variety has a very bright yellow color with a large contrasting dark spot in the middle. On flowerbeds looks spectacular.
The variety has an "orange" color. Inside is a medium sized spot, similar to painted cilia or strokes. Orange and cheerful.
The bush of this plant is small, but the flowers are large. Petals are white with an almost black spot in the middle. Looks interesting.
June and July are the time when it is necessary to sow the seeds of biennial violets in nurseries. For this it is necessary to prepare a special substrate:
- two pieces of ordinary garden land,
- two parts of humus,
- two parts of peat,
- one piece of sand.
If they are treated with a growth stimulator, they will grow faster.
Seeds sown in containers must be poured over with separated water and covered with plastic film or glass on top.
20 degrees of heat is the optimum temperature for germinating the viola. The first shoots will appear about a couple of weeks after sowing. At this time, the glass or film is removed, and the plants are at a temperature of about 10 degrees Celsius. Watering is carried out only with warm water.
Dive seedlings according to the 6 x 6 centimeters scheme is necessary when they have two true leaves. Fertilizing begin a week after diving. To plant seedlings on a permanent place only begin with the beginning of September.
Before planting, it is advisable to prepare the soil, add compost and humus and dig up. It is best to do this in advance, ten days before planting.
Pansies should be planted fairly spacious, because they grow widely. The optimal distance between the bushes is considered to be approximately 25 cm long. In order to protect moisture from evaporation from the soil, to promote rapid rooting and to prevent freezing in the winter period, after planting, the ground around the plants should be mulched with a layer of 3 cm, consisting of humus and peat.
Violet Wittrock variety ‘Bambini’
Cheerful variety that children will certainly like. The flowers are not large, bloom in spring and summer, in a wide range of colors, most with contrasting white or yellow petals and central “painted” cilia - strokes, giving the flowers a sweet immediacy.
Features of culture
Violet Wittrock is cold-resistant, moisture-loving, grows in the sun and in partial shade (flowering is not so impressive) on fertile moist loams. On poor dry sandy soils, the flowers shrink, and in the lowlands, where water stagnates, the plants are thrown out. In early spring, it can “stick out” from the ground, therefore plantings mulch with peat.