This type of milkweed is considered the most common. Fashion plant went about 10 years ago. The flower growers called the spurges a “palm tree” for the rather large leaves collected at the top. Care for euphorbia belozhilkovy at home is simple - it is completely unpretentious, hardy plant.
Description of appearance and features
Delivered to us from Madagascar, often found in the subtropics of Africa and America. The stem base is dense, round in cross-section, refined. As it grows, the stem thickens, and 4-5 distinctly pronounced ribs appear. Edge of ribs covered with fringed stipules. The lower part of the trunk is gradually exposed. In place of fallen leaves scars are formed.
The leaves are saturated, dark green, sometimes with a yellowish tinge. Petioles long, light streaks. The leaves are collected from above, which makes the euphorbia white-toed-like look like a palm tree. Blooms modestly, flowers small, imperceptible with hard scaly bracts.
After flowering, a small seed box ripens. An interesting feature - a ripe box bursts, scattering seeds. Fresh seeds germinate quickly under favorable conditions. To collect the seeds, they choose the moment when they matured, but the box has not yet burst.
Care featuresUnder natural conditions, forms dense, impassable thickets. As a houseplant, euphorbia white-leaved is unpretentious, it is easily reconciled with any conditions of cultivation. Proper care contributes to the formation of a smooth, lush, well-leafy crown.
- Lighting. Grows better with enough bright daylight. The optimal location is the east side. The flower is regularly rotated around the axis to form a smooth trunk and crown.
- Temperature. Heat-loving culture. Favorable temperature for growth - 20-23 ° C. Severe cooling and drafts can not stand. Summer is allowed to make fresh air. Flower rearranged on the glazed balcony. With the first autumn cold snaps, they are brought back to the apartment.
- Watering. He loves moisture and absorbs plentifully. In summer, the frequency of watering is about 3 times a week. In winter, water carefully — wait for the soil to dry out so as not to provoke root decay. The average intervals between watering - a week. Occasionally, spurge rinse under a warm shower or gently remove dust from the leaves with a wet sponge.
- Humidity. Humidity is neutral. But if the humidity in the apartment is below 50%, it is recommended to periodically spray the flower with warm water from a small sprayer.
- The soil. The optimal composition of soil for growing euphorbia is a mixture of river sand, peat, small pebbles and humus. All components are taken in the same quantity, thoroughly mixed.
- Transfer. Up to 3-4 years of age transplanted annually. Adult specimens do not need frequent transplants - they have a compact root system. The pot is used small, a layer of washed river pebbles is poured at the bottom for drainage.
- Feeding. The fertilizer most suitable on structure - mineral complexes for cacti. Feed up, starting in spring. Overfeeding is not recommended - one additional feeding per month will be enough.
The most common question about euphorbia, is it possible to keep this flower at home? Fears of people are connected with the toxicity of the milky juice of milkweed. He does not emit harmful substances into the air; it causes severe poisoning only in large doses. Negative consequences can be avoided simply by using rubber gloves when pruning and transplanting.
Features and breeding methods
Before you multiply euphorbia white-veined, take a look at the adjacent pots. Perhaps the flower managed to isolate itself. Artificially euphorns are propagated by seeds and vegetatively.
- Seeds. Germination of seeds is very high. They are sown immediately after collecting in the planting tanks with loose, moist soil. To accelerate germination, you can use a sheath of plastic film, but usually there is no need for this. Seeds germinate quickly - literally within a week. The strengthened seedlings are transplanted into separate containers. Keep in a well-lit place, monitor the level of soil moisture.
- Cuttings. By the end of spring, stepchildren appear on the plant. They are used as cuttings. Cutting stepchildren is recommended in the summer when they grow up. Clipped shoots per day immersed in warm water to remove the milky juice. In a day the cut is dried, powdered with coal powder. Two more days the cutting is dried in a shaded place. Planted stalk in loose soil with the addition of peat and sand, to rooting kept in a warm, lit place at 20-25 ° C.
How to prune spurge? Strongly stretched specimens with a long barrel become unstable, slope in the ground, crooked. The position is saved by trimming the crown with subsequent rooting. Cut in the middle of the trunk. The top is placed for several hours in a container with water to remove the milk, dried in the shade for two days. Planted in a light, loose soil. Rooted cutting without problems, quickly goes to growth. Do not throw away the remaining stump - shoots will appear on it.
Botanical Portrait of White Milkweed
The homeland of this plant is Madagascar. The perennial culture of the Euphorbia family is often called the cactus. Partly a flower like him, and partly - on a medium-sized palm tree. Its characteristics:
Attention! As it grows, all the leaves of the lower levels disappear, and the stem becomes like a fleshy palm trunk. With age, it begins to branch not only at the top.
Blossom euphorbia white-clad begins in the second year. The process lasts all spring and summer, but has practically no decorative value. Flowers of pale brown or white color are collected in inflorescences of 2-6 pieces, arranged in the axils of the upper leaves. Flowering is the main visual difference when comparing milkweed whiteness with euphorbia comb. Both indoor species are often confused with each other due to the strong external similarity. The peculiarity of the comb is that its flowers do not grow in the axils, but on 5 cm peduncles.
Care for euphorbia belozhilchaty at home
Comfort and normal development of this plant is based on the following factors:
- Euphorbia white-clad prefers good lighting. But hit on it direct rays of the sun is fraught with burns of green.
- Succulents are good for airing, so for the summer you can move it to the balcony, veranda, or even take it to the garden, remembering paragraph 1.
- In early spring or autumn, before going to hibernation, spurge grows well near heating radiators.
- In summer, the plant requires moderate watering with settled water. Its optimum heating is + 18 ... 20 ° C.
- Topsoil should always remain slightly damp. Excessive application of water during watering will lead to rotting roots.
- In the fall, plant life will slow down. Watering should be reduced to 1 time per month, and rearrange the bush in a cool place.
Attention! If during the dormant period, the leaves of the milkweed white-clover begin to turn yellow or even fall off, do not rush to look for the cause among the diseases. At this time, the plant is not enough sunlight - it is natural and safe for his life. By the end of March, when the lighting becomes brighter, the flower will independently come to life.
As a top dressing, use a special mixture for cacti. The first application will be required after the spring awakening, approximately in April. At this time, the succulent needs the power to form new leaves. During the period of activity, fertilize euphorbia 3 times a month, from October to March - only 1 time and in highly diluted concentration.
Additional procedures will help you grow a really beautiful palm in the house:
- air temperature should not fall below +15 ° C,
- beware of drafts
- spray a bush at least 2 times a week, especially in spring and early summer,
- after flowering, cut the shoots to 15 cm.
Methods of reproduction of milkweed white-faced
If you saw euphorbia from your friends or relatives and are eager to plant it, ask for one or more side shoots of the shoot. They usually appear on the plant in June. Scions play the role of cuttings:
- On the day, place the twig in a container with warm water.
- Treat the cut area with crushed activated carbon. Leave for 3 days until the cutting is done.
- Deepen the plant in a substrate consisting of equal parts of peat and sand.
- Leave at room temperature.
When the stem releases the roots, it needs to be transplanted. Best for a permanent place of growth suitable slightly acidic soil. Buy a special substrate for succulents or prepare it on your own by mixing equally soddy soil, sand and peat. Up to 3 years of age, euphorbia white-clothed is transplanted annually, then once in 3 years.
Under natural conditions, Euphorbia white-stalked (Euphorbia leuconeura) grows in the form of a small tree up to 1.8 m high. It has a superficial root system and a weakly succulent stem, which has a round shape and several distinct crests - from 4 to 8, covered with scales, feel like paper. In euphorbia, grown in the seed way, the combs begin just above the root collar, and the plant rises as if on a thin stalk.
The leaves are a real decoration for white-clothed milkweed. Elliptical-lanceolate, up to 15 cm long, with a characteristic pattern created by snow-white veins, they look like a cut of a precious stone. In young specimens, the grid is more pronounced, in mature plants it is slightly muffled. On the lower side of the leaf blade, it has a pinkish tint, harmoniously shifting to a long petiole.
For flower growers who first settled euphorbia in the house, they should be aware of one important feature of the flower: it belongs to self-pollinated plants. No additional manipulation of pollination is necessary. Seeds ripen in boxes that crack with a certain springy force, firing the contents up to 3 m from the plant. After such artillery attacks in all the pots in the vicinity of the succulent, miniature thrush easily sprout.
What is the difference between milkweed and milkweed comb?
Outwardly, both species are really very similar: the same ribbed stem, the same form leaf blades. Adult specimens of white-faced milkweed with a muffled pattern on the leaves are really easy to confuse with the comb, in which the veins are visible only at close range, but do not differ in color from the background of the leaf.
It is also possible to distinguish between species during flowering, which lasts from the beginning of spring until the second decade of August. The small white flowers of the milkweed, white-leaved “sit” in the axils of the leaves, and his relative in the family Euphorbia comb-on short peduncles.
With the planting of seeds, you can cheat - arrange at the end of August, next to the blooming euphorbia, belozhilchaty several pots with a fresh, moderately moistened, peat-sand mixture. When the plant starts to “shoot” with seeds, many of them will definitely fall into the prepared containers.
By the same principle, seeds purchased in the store are sown. They can grind a little to slightly break the thick shell, although they germination and so good, if the planting material quality. Seeds are sown in shallow - up to 4–5 mm grooves and slightly pressed, then sprinkled on top of the soil mixture.
Crops are covered with plastic wrap and put in a warm place with a temperature of 20-22 degrees, regularly ventilated and moistened. After 2-2.5 weeks, shoots are shown, and the shelter is removed, gradually accustoming the shoots to the environment. When they grow up a little and get stronger, they dive into separate cups. Good seedlings are planted in the soil mix for adult succulents.
The root system of the milkweed, like many milkweeds, is poorly developed, therefore the plant is planted in shallow and wide flower capacities. At the bottom, there must be a drainage hole and a layer of drainage material not less than 4–5 cm thick.
Succulents with roots vulnerable to various rot are usually grown in clay pots. In such tanks, the soil mix dries more intensively and the risk of stagnation of irrigation water is less than in plastic ones. However, a punctual grower who is responsible for monitoring the irrigation regime does not have problems with the condition of the plant, which is prone to poorly tolerate excess moisture.
Young specimens are transplanted annually; adults will need a transplant no more than once every 3-4 years.
White-milky spurge to the composition of the soil mix is undemanding, normally develops in the usual commercial mix for cacti and succulents with the addition of 1 part of river sand for every 2 parts.
Independently make a dredge for growing succulent under the force of any newcomer. To do this, in equal volumes take leaf ground, peat and coarse river sand, mix everything thoroughly and add a few medium-sized pieces of charcoal.
Phased transplant activities
On the eve of the transplant, the plant is well watered to remove the fragile root system of the succulent from the old substrate painlessly.
- Holding the flower with one hand, with the other hand, incline the flower container so as to take the roots out of it.
- They are carefully examined for damage, dying, drying. All unusable sections of the root system are removed, and the slices are powdered with charcoal powder.
- Drainage from expanded clay or flat large pebbles, which can serve for the stability of the pot, is placed in a new vessel.
- From above pour a layer of the prepared slightly moistened soil mixture.
- Install the plant, straighten the roots and gently fall asleep the remaining substrate.
- Perhaps in the early days, the transplanted succulent will need support until it takes root.
- Watering begins a few days after transplantation, when there will be confidence that the roots are firmly held in the new soil mixture.
Requirements for location in the house
The plant requires certain conditions for the content in the room related to temperature and the need for light.
Euphorbia euphorbia is a light-loving plant that requires bright sunshine, except for the scorching rays that cause burns on the leaf blades.
In the shade, the succulent will wither, stop growing and simply stop growing green mass, and if it forms a young leaf, it will be weak, pale and several times smaller than normal foliage, developing in normal conditions.
The plant will be able to grow in partial shade, even if not as active as with good lighting. In such a situation, growers are advised to turn the spurge around the axis of the flower capacity.
In the summer, the flower is taken out into the garden and placed under the scattered tree crown, and in the winter, additional illumination with a fluorescent lamp will be useful.
White sponge needs constant access to heat. Favorable temperature for him - from 20 to 23 degrees Celsius. The critical maximum is 25 degrees, with a higher thermometer, the leaves turn yellow and dry, and the seeds stop growing.
During wintering the plant also needs sufficient warmth and prefers even to be at rest at a temperature minimum of 15 degrees above zero, optimally at 18 degrees. With a colder content, the plant dies.
Watering and feeding
The main advice in terms of moistening milkweed whitish - in the summer it is better to water more often, but with a small amount of water. One time is enough if you overdo it with a volume of irrigation water to provoke the process of decay of an already very fragile root.
On the reverse side, it is also undesirable to dry out the earth lump to such an extent that all foliage crumbles. During the winter holidays it is enough to moisten once a month if the contents are cool. In rooms with good heating, they are guided by the state of the earthy coma.
Fertilizers are produced by complex mineral fertilizers for cacti and succulents throughout the growing season, starting in March and ending with the last days of September. However, the March feeding is slightly different from fertilizer in the remaining months of the growing season. They are made twice or three times a month, but slightly reduce the dose against those indicated on the package. In the future, succulent fertilizer is carried out once a month, following the manufacturer's recommendations, described in the instructions.
A rapidly growing flower develops a massive above-ground part very soon, and each grower has a fear that the weak roots will withstand such amount of greenery?
Plant growth is better to restrain in case of violent development. For this, the top is cut and rooted using the same technology as the lateral cuttings. Forming pruning is usually made after the flowering of milkweed whiteweed.
Diseases, pests, care errors
Появление симптомов заболевания суккулента, как правило, связано с переувлажнением. Gray-olive bloom on the stems indicates the defeat of the flower gray mold. Patients shoots are removed, and the whole plant is treated with basezol.
The roots are often exposed to another, no less insidious disease - late blight. It is difficult to notice and it is often late to heal. Various fungicides are used, for example, oxychoma or vitaros.
Spots on the leaves also appear from overflow. The flower is treated with a solution of blue vitriol or something more serious - Vectra or alirin-B.
Unfortunately, the pests do not bypass the plant side, and on its stems a silvery spiderweb with mites or cotton balls left by the female mealybugs often appears on the branches, and on the foliage they notice the scutes of the scutes. Insects are destroyed with the help of folk remedies, and large colonies are treated with insecticides. Against ticks produce repeated treatment with acaricide.
Plant native to Madagascar
The historic homeland of white-veined milkweed is the sunny island of Madagascar, but culture is also found in tropical regions of Africa and America. In the wild, the plant can reach as much as 1.5 meters and forms dense thickets. Cultivated specimens in favorable conditions can also grow to such a height, but in most cases they are more compact. In Europe, euphorbia began to be grown from the 20th century and quickly settled the window sills of flower growers, who liked the unpretentious nature of the flower.
In the people, white-clad milkweed is often called "palm", "banana" or generally referred to as a comb variety. However, it is easy to distinguish between the “white-vein” - you just need to carefully look at the leaves, on which pronounced oval veins should be visible.
The stalk of white-veined euphorbia at the base is thinner than as it approaches the top, and is distinguished by a dense, fleshy structure. You can also notice the scaly ribs, which give the plant some similarity with cacti.
The leafy mass of milkweed (easily seen in the photo) is placed at the very top and collected in a kind of outlet. Often, the lower leaves fall off with time, which gives the flower a palm view. The flowering of this species does not have a decorative function - the flower stalks themselves are located in the leaf sinuses and are rather inconspicuous in appearance.
After ripening, the seed box cracks, and the seeds themselves can spread up to a distance of 4 meters and germinate in nearby pots. The problem of uncontrolled self seeding is easy to solve - for this, flowers should be carefully removed by turning it clockwise.
How to create optimal growing conditions
Although white-faced spurge belongs to unpretentious houseplants, it still has certain requirements for the conditions of detention. Creating an optimal environment ensures the health of the culture and its aesthetic appeal.
- Temperature content should be at room, not lower than +15 degrees (minimum acceptable mark), because in a cool flower growth is inhibited. In the summer, the pot can be taken out into a place protected from drafts where the plant will be comfortable,
- Humidity It does not play a big role in the content of white-clad milkweed, since the plant can adapt to any of its levels. During the heating season, the flower grows well, as in the other months, and does not require additional spraying. Washing spurge under the shower is necessary only to remove dirt and dust, which often accumulate on large leaves,
- Lighting it is necessary for the growth of a beautiful crown of milkweed, therefore it is better to put the pot on the window sills with diffused light. Exposure to direct sunlight can cause ugly burns on the leaves, so when you are on the south side, it is better to shade the flower. In order for the spurge to not become one-sided, it must be periodically turned to the light source.
White-milk spurge grows best in a wide and flat pot, where its shallow root system feels as comfortable as possible. Additional stability of the tank will be provided by a massive drainage layer, which also prevents stagnant moisture in the soil. When transplanting large specimens, crushed stone or small stones can be placed at the bottom of the flowerpots to prevent the flower from tilting. The presence of drainage holes is necessary - through them the excess moisture will fall into the pan.
As for the composition of the soil, here euphorbia does not require any special components. It grows well in the finished mixture for succulents, and in the substrate, prepared independently. At home, often used leaf soil, peat and coarse sand, mixed in equal proportions.
Care for white-milk spurges
Proper care that spurges needs includes watering, fertilizing and periodic transplants.
- Watering in the summer it is more frequent and in large portions, but in the winter it is necessary to moisturize the earth one less often, especially when the pot is in a cool room. The complete drying of the earth coma is not recommended, however, between the individual waterings the top layer of the substrate should be slightly dried. Water should be taken at room temperature and soft, the remains from the pallet should always be drained,
- Top dressing during the active growing season (spring-summer) will help the plant to increase the healthy leaves of bright color. As fertilizers suitable complex compositions for succulents, which are made 2 times a month. In winter, the spurge needs no additional food,
- Transplants young specimens are held no more than once a year, and adult plants - once every 2-3 years. The technology of changing the “place of residence” is quite simple - a layer of drainage is placed on the bottom, then a layer of soil is placed on which the root system of milkweed is placed with further powder and light compaction. In the first few months after transplantation, the flower needs gentle care.
If plant height causes concern, pruning of apical shoots with a sharp knife is recommended. The cut should be carried out one-time, thereby reducing the degree of tissue damage. Be sure to disinfect the place of the operation, crushed charcoal.
To control the growth of the crown will help annual pruning, which are held at the end of flowering. To do this, the shoots are shortened by 10-15 cm.
White-headed spurge rarely affects pests, a kind of "immunity" from which is poisonous juice. However, if the growing conditions are violated, a mealybug, spider mite, or scale scum can settle on the plant. Insecticides (Aktara, Aktellik, etc.) help to successfully fight insects. Their solution is prepared according to the instructions.
The content of milkweed at low temperatures and abundant watering provokes the development of fungal diseases and rot. If the first signs of damage are revealed (wilt, yellowing of leaves, spots on the trunk), the pot should be moved to a warm room and watering should be reduced, if necessary, use a fungicide. In the case when the condition of milkweed does not improve, an unscheduled transplant is recommended with full replacement of the substrate with a new one.