Tomatoes Blast is incredibly appealing to all gardening enthusiasts. This is a promising new variety of tomatoes, bred by Russian breeder V.I. Kozak. In fact, the variety “Explosion” is a hybrid of white filling tomatoes and other varieties. It is very unpretentious, because it is recommended for areas with unstable agriculture. This variety is recognized by gardeners as 2016 best hybrid variety.
Characteristics of tomato variety Explosion
It differs, first of all, in its precocity: it needs from 90 to 110 daysTo make tomatoes appear. In addition, this variety justifies all the efforts in the garden.
The tomatoes themselves are very tasty, fleshy and dense. Tomatoes are very suitable for salads, tomato paste and salting. The content of solids in them is moderate.Tomatoes Blast - Meaty. juicy and tasty
So, in more detail: “Explosion” is an early ripe variety that won the sympathy of the gardeners for the following characteristics:
- Steadily prizhivchiv, in all weather conditions,
- Not prone to disease due to climatic conditions,
- Very easy to clean,
- High yield: from one plant about 3-4 kg,
- Resistant to diseases affecting all types of nightshade.
Tomatoes "explosion" according to the description of low-ribbed, rounded ripen with weight up to 120 gr, and experienced gardeners, the lower fruits can reach and 250-300 gr.
In these tomatoes there are a lot of vitamins like: A, C, K, also high content of lycopene. Taste at height, popular and easy to cook.
Tomatoes are very fleshy, there are not so many seed chambers in them, about 5-6. However, being a hybrid plant, does not give seeds for cultivation, it is always necessary to buy new seeds.
The plant itself is small in size about 45-60 cm. The leaves are not wide and not thick, light green in color.Tomato bushes height Explosion - 40-60cm
Anna: “Among the bushes in the rows, according to the weather changes, covered under the film, the Explosion looks more cheerful than anyone else - last week, there were slightly visible fruit ovaries. But at this time, tomatoes are already weighing presumably 100 grams, only while green ... However in weight add tomatoes nimble - really explosive speed! ”
Aleftina: “From the video I first heard about the wonderful hybrid“ The Explosion ”. This is the third year since I planted these tomatoes on open ground. After 5-6 days, the first loops appear. Fertilizing plants do not indulge, just not necessary. Grow very well. The crop exceeded all expectations: the taste is excellent, for pickles and salads, I highly recommend it. ”
Yana: “The variety of tomatoes is Pyaterochka! Planted two seasons, and every year the harvest deserves respect. We have to admit that this summer is not very warm. Collected tomatoes until late autumn, the taste of tomatoes is relatively juicy and not bad, it is possible to collect and green, they are spiced at the same time, and stored for six weeks. "
Taisiya: “Planted seed, under the film. They grew together, yet the first ovary of the explosion occurred much earlier than other varieties. When night frosts in June, the bushes covered with plastic wrap. Harvest, just no words, but the trunks of the plant propped up with daughters, otherwise they would lie on the ground. "
Claim that it is intended only for landing on open ground, true to reality. Only in a single experienced gardeners, he bears fruitlessly in greenhouses.
Therefore, careful selection of a place for a bed of these tomatoes is the main condition for yield. But this is not a fundamental feature, Solanaceae, for the most part, love the sun.
Sowing and growing
"Explosion" is possible to land and by seedling and directly in the garden (only in the southern regions).
Having bought seeds, before planting in a seedling place, it is important 6 hours hold in the melt water and aloe juice. After that, slightly dried, sow in a warm, slightly acidic and saturated, moist soil. This method, in fact, will help to collect a great harvest.Tomato Seeds Blast
Seed bushes, at the time of disembarkation must be aged 50-60 days. When transplanting, it is best to take into account the distance between the bushes, fine, if it is: 40 cm X 60 cm.
The "explosion" is very sprawling and short. As for irrigation, the plant requires the one bucket per week. And when tomatoes appear, 2 buckets a week.After the fruits appear, you need to water 2 buckets a week.
Tomatoes "Explosion" in terms of fertilizers, to ordinary are simple. It is only 2-3 times per season to feed the bush with compost. Tomato bushes are resistant to late blight and root rot disease. Easily tolerates windy weather and sudden temperature fluctuations. As for the pests: “Explosion” also has its own immunity for them.
Are these tomatoes parted
However, when cutting the leaves and single stalks, it is necessary to remove the bright leaf because they take nutrients from the tomatoes.
Passed need to properly: do not break off young shoots, because still able to form the ovary of the fruit. In addition, if you harvest already ripe tomatoes in time, you can greatly increase the yield. Only by the time the collected tomatoes contribute to the further growth and ripening of young tomatoes.
Globally, blast tomatoes are beautiful and highly recommended for speedy harvest. We can safely say that V.I. Kozak, inventing this variety, very carefully considered all the possible nuances of gardening. Efforts justified. The variety is great in fertility and ease of care.
Subtleties of agricultural engineering
Seeds are sown on seedlings 2 months before the dates of the proposed disembarkation. Boxes with sown seeds are kept warm for several days; after the appearance of mass shoots, they are rearranged to an illuminated place and the temperature in the room is reduced to 16–18 ° C.
At the stage of two true leaves, the seedlings dive, shortening the central root. Two weeks before planting, the seedlings must be hardened. To do this, boxes with tomatoes are placed in a cool room with a temperature of 10–12 ° C, first for half an hour, then gradually brought up to 8–10 hours, heating up only for the night. This measure will allow you to get a strong seasoned seedlings and do not give it a stretch.
After disembarking to a permanent place, the bushes are watered abundantly and further watering is carried out only after 10–12 days, with the appearance of clear signs of water scarcity. This measure will allow young plants not to increase the green mass, and first of all to put strong deep roots.
Taking into account the formation and garter of tomato Blast per 1 square. m place up to 6 bushes. When grown by the “village” method, each bush will require at least 1 m2.
How to grow tomatoes Explosion direct sowing in the ground
When using the seedless method, the seeds are sown directly on the ridges, pre-watered the wells with warm water with Fitosporin. The soil at the time of sowing should warm up to 10 ° C.
The standard arrangement of tomatoes: 40–50 x 60 cm. 2-3 seeds are determined per well. Place the landing cover cut plastic container and leave it until the germs. When the seedlings grow a little, the extra ones are removed, leaving one by one in the hole. Before the onset of stable heat sprouts cover for the night.
After two weeks, the tomatoes are fed diluted mullein or herbal extract. Two weeks later, fertilized with complex mineral fertilizer with trace elements. In the future, they are grown as usual.
Tomatoes grown by direct sowing in the ground, less sick and begin to bear fruit before.
Reviews gardeners on the variety of explosion
Natalia, Omsk region
Acquired seeds in the company "Gavrish" and grown in open ground. I confirm that the type of explosion is fully consistent with its description. The massive fruit loading began in the second half of August. The tomato was so much so that the tied bushes could not bear their weight. The taste is good, ripened on the bushes were used as salad. Tomatoes are even, dense, neat and long lying. Sort liked so much that I will plant every year.
Tatiana, Great Novgorod.
Grown in the open field. Variety liked, productive, but not the earliest. Tomatoes grew without shelter, but they did not have phytophtora even in rainy summer. The taste is average, I am going to grow every year.
Julia, city of Falcon.
She bought the seeds of the manufacturer "Zedek" and planted in open ground. The explosion was not delighted with tomatoes, although all their friends praised them. In August, all the bushes of this variety became ill with late blight, and they began to bear fruit late. Other varieties have pleased more.
Excellent variety, even with the cool summer. Grown in a greenhouse, I am sure that the bushes must be tied up so that the branches do not break under a large number of tomatoes. Shrubs fruited until the frost, so the last shot green and plowed. I use tomatoes for conservation.
Speaking of tomatoes "explosion", first of all you need to note the size of the plant. It can reach a meter in height. But the usual height of tomato is half as much.
Taste characteristics of tomato "Explosion" is very good. The bushes of the plant are not too branched, spreading. They are not very many leaves. Fruits are medium sized. Ripe red tomatoes, unripe green. The tomatoes themselves are round, the mass of the average fruit does not exceed 100 grams. Tomatoes are fleshy and dense, well preserved during transportation. This variety of tomato belongs to the early ripening varieties, since from adding seeds to the ground and to getting ripe fruit no more than 100-110 days pass. The leaves of the bush are medium in size and have a green color. The inflorescence is simple, the stem of this variety of tomato with a joint.
Variety refers to lettuce tomatoes, but it is also suitable for preservation.
The view of this tomato is hybrid.
Recently, he was recognized as the best new variety of tomatoes for 2016.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages include the fact that Tomatoes ripen all at the same time. At the same time tomatoes "Explosion" - early maturing if you sow seeds in March, then in June you will already eat tomatoes from your vegetable garden. In addition, they suffer little, which is also their advantage. When describing a tomato "Explosion", it is necessary to note its characteristic, as unpretentiousness in care. Tomatoes adapt to any weather. Fruits are well tied. The "explosion" does not need constant watering and can tolerate drought well.
From the negative qualities of these vegetables can be called what the taste of tomatoes good though not great. The yield of this type of tomato is average, which can also be attributed to possible disadvantages.
From the description above, we can conclude that the tomatoes "Explosion" is suitable for summer residents who appear on the site only on Saturdays and Sundays.
The one who planted the tomato “Explosion” in a seedling way knows that the seeds must first be prepared for planting. To do this, they are soaked in a 5% solution of edible salt for 10 minutes. After that, the seeds are washed and put into the water for swelling. If the seeds are old - they are four years old or more - it is necessary to reject.
Soaked seeds like this: take a saucer and put on it a cloth moistened with water. On a napkin put the seeds. Cover with lid so that the water does not evaporate. All this is put in a warm place for swelling for about twenty hours. After that, the seeds are planted in the soil (however, they can be left in a saucer until germination). When planting, the ground should be moistened, but not filled in, so that air can freely flow into it.
If the seeds are fresh and dry, they should not be soaked. Immediately plant them in the soil, and they will sprout well.
It is also necessary to prepare the land for planting vegetables. For this purpose, it is possible to use both ordinary soil and mixtures. For soil, take equal amounts of turf and humus. To make it loose, add sawdust or peat.
From the mixtures, you can take a coconut substrate: thanks to him, your tomatoes will have strong roots, and they will grow very quickly.
Use peat tablets 34 cm in diameter. Plant up to 4 seeds of tomatoes per peat tablet. As soon as the plant gives good roots, it must be transplanted into a half-liter plastic bottle.
Plant vegetables need in the beginning of March. Plant seedlings in boxes of earth. The height of the box should be from 10 cm and above. Seeds deepen from 50 mm to 1 cm into the ground. Seeds can come up quickly or a little later. It depends on the temperature and quality of the seed. The most suitable temperature is + 25 ° С. You can sprinkle the soil in which the seed is planted, sand, so that the shoots do not get sick "Black leg".
When sprouts appear, young tomatoes should be highlighted with lamps. The best thing The first days include lamps around the clock: seedlings love light very much.
Next, the small shoots of this plant are transferred to a colder place, with a temperature of about 15 ° C. In a week, the temperature should be raised to + 19 ° С. At night, it is better to open the window to maintain the night temperature within 15 ° C. But you need to make sure that the wind is not blowing on the shoots.
Before the first sheet appears, watering is not recommended. You can only spray the ground if it is too dry. When the first sheet appears, watering is carried out once every 7 days. When there are 5 sheets, you can water every three to four days.
To sow tomatoes begin as soon as the earth warms up, that is, in the first weeks of May. First you need to dig a bed of 70-80 centimeters wide. Use ash or humus as a fertilizer. Manure tomatoes is contraindicated. If you have a wooden high bed - this is even better. At the bottom, put the not rotting compost with humus and grass. Next, pour black soil to a height of 20 centimeters. Set the arc across the beds and prepare the film for shelter. You will need half of the plastic bottles.Tomatoes are sown in two rows. The distance between the rows should be 50 centimeters. Make the holes in two rows so that if there is a hole in the first row, in the second, on the contrary, it should not be. The distance between the holes is 30 centimeters. It is also necessary to remove excess leaves and create airing for vegetables. Before planting, pour the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or warm water.
Put 4-5 seeds in one well. Pour the earth with a layer and a half centimeters and pour warm water. After watering, cover each nest with half a plastic bottle. Next we cover the bed with covering material and over the arcs with cellophane film.
Watering and feeding
Tomatoes don't like a lot of water but they also do not tolerate its absence. Therefore, it is necessary to water the vegetables as soon as the top layer of the soil dries out. It is necessary to water once in 7 days, plentifully.
Tomatoes love drip irrigation. When watering them in this way the vegetables will not hurt the top rot of the fruit. If you add a few pinches of ash to a 10-liter bucket and water this solution, your tomatoes will be less likely to hurt.
Top-dressing of tomatoes should occur at least three times in one season. Feed the plants every fourteen days. Use any fertilizer, but use less nitrogen, it is better to take phosphorus or potassium. You can use this solution: for 10 liters of water, take 55 g of superphosphate, 15 g of ammonium nitrate and 35 g of potassium chloride. You can also use a solution of bird droppings: it is also very well suited as a fertilizer for these vegetables. In addition, it is necessary to feed vegetables with magnesium and boron (the last — at the time of flowering, so that the flowers do not wilted). Spray the plant boric solution should be in the afternoon. One liter of water takes one gram of boric acid.
Features of pasynkovo tomatoes
The stem of a tomato can branch out, “giving birth” to an additional piece of the stem from where the leaf leaves. On this piece of the stem leaves and fruits also grow. These pieces of the stem are called stepchildren. If they are not removed, the tomato will thicken. Because of this, the fruits of tomatoes become smaller in size. To avoid this, use a pinching.
Pasynki can be removed from the moment of landing in the ground. Then they are still less than 1 cm in length. After planting, these tomatoes must be removed once every 7 days. Gotting is carried out during the entire growth of the plant, and in the greenhouse - even during the harvest.
The end of the main stem process always ends with a brush. Delete all stepchildren do not need: the plants will not grow and the crop of vegetables will be small.
When removing the stepson, it is important that the size of the latter reaches 4-5 centimeters. From the very beginning it is important to determine which stepchild will lead in the formation of the stem.
The best thing break off branches with his hands. Do it in the morning, wearing rubber gloves. Stepsy pinch two fingers and break, swaying in different directions. A wound forms at the site of the break, but by the end of the day it will wither and stop bothering the vegetables.
You can cut the stepsons with a knife. It is important that the blade is very well sharpened to create a lesser injury. Pasichkovanie do with a knife should be very accurate, so as not to damage the stem and leaves. After pruning a plant, it is necessary to dip a knife in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate or lime chloride. After this, proceed to pruning the second plant. It is not necessary to delete the entire stepson: it is necessary to leave a piece of one and a half centimeters so that the sprout does not develop further. Обрезанные ростки необходимо унести подальше от растений, иначе это спровоцирует появление инфекций и заболеваний.
Несмотря на все ваши усилия, удаленный пасынок может опять вырасти на том же месте. Вырастает он из спящей почки. Такие отростки необходимо удалять повторно.
Sometimes the stepson is formed from the place of growth of the lower leaves. In order to avoid overloading, these stepsons must also be removed.
Mulching is used to improve the composition and properties of the soil. Mulching protects the ground from compaction and maintains the air and water balance of the soil. It also protects the earth from plant pests and preserves the underlying fruit from rot. With proper mulching, loosening and weeding is most often not needed.
Loose soil should be loosened. Spud tomatoes should be two or three times per season. Weeds must be disposed of immediately after planting the tomatoes and before harvesting.
It is best to mulch the earth late spring. Mulching is carried out if the night temperature does not fall below 14-18 ° C for two weeks. Mulch most often with straw or hay. Mulch or buried in the soil (for example, compost), or put in a compost pile. Mulching is carried out in accordance with the climatic zone and the type of soil.
Resistance to pests and diseases
An important component when choosing a tomato variety is its tendency to diseases and pests. This type of tomato is resistant to late blight, top and root rot, that is, it is not particularly susceptible to disease. “Explosion” is an easy-to-care and unpretentious type of tomato. From pests "Explosion" can be protected using conventional insecticidal drugs.
Harvesting vegetables is carried out in warm weather with no water on them. Tomatoes are harvested early in the morning. At first, the ugly and darkened tomatoes are removed. Remove only unripe tomatoes: more useful substances will be provided to their brethren, and the picked tomatoes will reach home.
Removed those tomatoes that have reached the normal size, but still green. They reach within two weeks after removal from the bush. It is important to remove all tomatoes before the onset of frost: otherwise the tomatoes will not ripen and will not be stored for a long time. But if you still removed the tomatoes after the cold weather, it is best to use them for pickling. If the tomatoes are too small, non-standard size, it is better not to pick them, otherwise they will wrinkle and do not ripen.
To store tomatoes need at a temperature of 18-25 ° C. At lower temperatures, tomatoes will ripen more slowly, in addition, a large number of fruits rot.
Humidity should be between 80% and 85%. If the humidity of the air becomes greater, it will rot the fruit. With less moisture, the water evaporates from the tomatoes, and they frown.
It is important that the collected tomatoes get a lot of air.
This means that the hermetically sealed tomatoes can not be kept. The room where the fruits are located must be aired frequently.
Tomatoes ripen both in the light and in the dark. In the light, ripening is faster and fruits are better stained. In autumn, tomatoes ripen better on closed verandas or in greenhouses, where there is no access of moisture. Do not put the fruit in a layer of more than 20 cm, otherwise they ripen badly. During the inspection of the fruit is necessary to remove rotten copies.
Also, tomatoes can ripen on the bushes, uprooted. It is best to keep these bushes under a canopy. This is usually done in the fall. Shrubs are hung with fruit down on a wire or laid on a shelf. Such ripe tomatoes are fresher and of higher quality, because they get useful substances longer from the mother plant.
Tomatoes ripen well if they are irradiated with a blue lamp for 20-30 minutes a day. Lamp power should be 60 watts. The lamp should be placed at a distance of 50 cm from the fruit.
For storage, it is better to select only the best tomatoes. The room and the container in which the tomatoes will be stored must be disinfected.
Storage temperature of tomatoes should be 0.5-1 ° C.
So, even for a novice gardener, growing “Explosion” variety tomatoes is not particularly difficult. By following the rules described above, you can please yourself and others. great harvest.