The conditions of placing dogs have a great influence on the preservation of their health and efficiency. Dogs spend most of the day at their place of accommodation, where they rest, restore their energy spent in serving, in training and competitions. Deprived of the freedom of movement of the dog, being in adverse conditions of placement, easily exposed to various diseases. On the contrary, properly organized placement of a dog has a beneficial effect on the state of its body and effectively prevents colds, skin and other diseases. Therefore, the enclosure where the dog is located must meet certain zoohygienic requirements with respect to moisture, light, heat, and the gas composition of the air.
A place for building an open-air cage should be dry and distant from living quarters, canteens, kitchens, stables, pig houses, cesspools, hazardous waste production facilities, dusty and noisy roads, car parks, fuel and lubricants warehouses, boiler houses, manure storage, waste bins, toilets and other objects emitting noxious gases and vapors into the air. The best option is to remove the enclosure from these structures at a distance of at least 500 meters.
The most favorable sites are places naturally protected from cold winds and sun by trees, shrubs, etc., not submerged by rain and melt waters.
It is forbidden to place dogs with other pets (in pigsties, stables) and near them, due to the fact that the presence of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and ammonia in these rooms adversely affect the health and health of dogs.
Territorywhere the dog is kept, it is equipped with lighting and is fenced with a solid fence 2.5–3 meters high, in order to prevent the penetration into the territory of other animals and other people who may be undesirable irritants for dogs, as well as carriers of infectious diseases. In addition, the fence allows you to exclude the sting of strangers by the dog in case of its accidental exit from the enclosure.
Fencing The territories can be of various designs: reinforced concrete slabs, brickwork, boards from boards in a frame from a steel square, a wooden fence. It should not have gaps. To avoid undercuts by dogs and other animals, the fence may be reinforced with a metal comb in the form of a comb. A dense gate with reliable bilateral constipations is built into the fence.
Aviary serves to protect dogs from harmful meteorological influences (rain, snow, wind, high and low air temperatures, etc.)
and must meet the following minimum requirements:
- it should be convenient to work for a person
- in the aviary there should be a booth or a cabin with a booth,
- the enclosure must have protection from precipitation,
- the aviary should have the following minimum area (see table), while the length of one side should not be less than two meters,
For each additional dog contained in the same aviary, the area of the aviary must be increased at least 1.5 times. Also the size of the enclosure increases at least 1.5 times with the content of a bitch with puppies.
These minimum sizes are intended for dogs that spend a significant amount of time in the aviary. But, for example, if a shepherd in the evening and at night freely moves around the protected area, then you can limit yourself to an open-air cage measuring 6 m2.
Floor should be with a small thermal conductivity, waterproof and durable, with a slope from the side walls (partitions) of walking to the center and towards the facade. It can be concrete, and better asphalt, because the cement floor is colder, which can lead to rheumatic diseases of the limbs in dogs. In these cases, it is necessary to use wooden flooring with a minimum area of 2.0 x 1.5 m.
A good option would be the presence in the aviary wooden floor. When making a wooden floor (flooring), pay special attention to the quality of the material: it must be a tongue-and-groove board - a floor batten (not less than 35 mm thick), well-groomed, free from glazing, no falling knots, and no signs of rot. The use of core boards is not allowed. Pay attention to the presence of reinforcing lag under the floor - the floor should not sag and stagger. In the manufacture of the floor should ensure the presence of a ventilated space under the floor of at least 50 mm, which prevents the penetration of parasites and moisture from the soil, provides greater durability of the floor. If there is a desire to enclose the bottom of the aviary with stone, brick, etc., then it is necessary to leave the ventilation holes. Before laying the floor batten should be treated on all sides with a wood-protective anti-putrid impregnation in two layers. The floor rail is fixed on the logs with the help of screws - screws, the use of nails is not allowed.
Fences - walls. At least one side of the aviary should be lattice and provide a dog with an overview. It is strictly not allowed to use mesh as fences, as dogs can ruin their teeth, trying to bite through it, dogs can also “knock out” a wicker net. For lattice fencing no compromises are allowed - only pipes. The recommended pipe pitch is 100 mm for large dogs, 50 mm for small dogs. All metal elements should be welded and cleaned. There is no burrs on any metal elements (door, feeder, pipe joints, etc.). All metal elements must undergo a complete painting cycle: cleaned of rust, primed, enameled with hot painting. Do not use galvanized pipes and powder coating pipes, because no confidence in their safety. When purchasing an enclosure, make sure that the metal elements are primed.
For fencing other walls it is possible to use various materials: flat slate, metal sheeting, cladding boards.
The most justified in terms of comfort is the use of wood panels. In this embodiment, a dry cladding board with a moisture content of 10–15%, projected from 4 sides, at least 20 mm thick and having a tongue-and-groove joint, is used. Requirements for the board: high-quality progrog, no wane, no non-cohesive (falling out) knots, no core cracks. The sheathing board should be treated on all sides with two layers of wood protective anti-putty treatment. Fastening of the boards should be done using stainless screws, with preliminary reaming of the holes (otherwise, when screwing in the screws, there is a split of the board, into which moisture gets and the process of wood decay begins). The wooden elements of the walls should not be in contact with the soil (concrete, asphalt or other ground of the open-air cage or cap of the open-air cage).
As a rule, the front side of the aviary is equipped with a door and a feeding trough.
a door should open exclusively inside the enclosure and close well from the outside and inside with a secure constipation. It is recommended to have eyelets on the door for padlocks.
Manger serves for setting in the aviary food and water. The feeder is located at a height of 200-300 mm from the floor, has a turning mechanism and a valve for fixing in the closed position. This trough provides safety when feeding dogs to unauthorized persons (for example, when the owners leave).
Roof. For the roof it is allowed to use any roofing materials: sheeting, metal tile, soft roof, ondulin, etc. The main thing is that the reliability of the roof system corresponds to the type of roofing used and the wooden elements used are of high quality (wood quality and quality of processing). Please note that in the manufacture of the roof is not allowed to use nails.
Booth. A kennel booth is installed on the territory of the enclosure so that the dog can take shelter from the cold, wind, heat, and just relax.
Booth size it's important. In regions where there are significant negative temperatures, the rule is: more is not better. The booth must be sufficient for the dog to enter, turn around, lie down and no more. In regions with a more temperate climate, this rule can be neglected.
To determine the size, take measurements from the dog and calculate the required dimensions using the instructions below. If you have a puppy, then you will find the size of an adult dog in the relevant directories or find out at the dog training club.
- measure the area (length and width) that the dog is in a sleeping position - these are the minimum dimensions of the booth. To determine the height - you need to know the height of the withers.
- you can "estimate" the size of the parameters, as in the figure to the right.
Laz is best done on the wide side and offset to the side wall. For large dogs, a manhole is enough 40-50 cm X 35-40 cm. For medium and small dogs, the manhole size may be smaller.
Practice has shown that the following booth sizes are optimal for many dogs:
Description of enclosures and the requirement for their construction
As such, there are no standards for enclosures, the dimensions may be different, as well as the materials from which the structure will be made. The main thing is that the animal living in this aviary feels secure, calm and comfortable.
Buying or making a dog aviary with their own hands, It should be taken into account that the larger the pet, the greater must be the area of the building:
- 5 m 2 in the case when the animal is about 50 cm at the withers,
- 8 m 2 for a dog, up to 70 cm,
- 10 m 2 and more when the animal is over 70 cm at the withers.
Not rarely, dog enclosures are made covered and with blank walls on the sides, but open enclosures are preferable, where 3 out of 4 walls are made of mesh or taken off by gratings. At the same time, the location of the aviary is chosen so that the sun would not fall all the time in the place where the pet lives. What would the owner could get into the aviary, provide for opening the door, which will have a strong lock and securely closed from the outside. Also in the aviary install booth and the so-called feeder - containers for food and water.
If the owner cares about his pet, then we should not forget that the aviary is a fenced area and the dog physically needs running and open space, therefore, even the presence of the aviary does not eliminate the need to walk with the dog, which should be an integral part of pet care.
Tips for building a cage
Many dog owners are wondering - how to make a dog aviary, while saving some money? Next, we will try to answer this question.
When choosing the location of the future structure, it is necessary to take into account that the enclosure is better located away from the outbuildings, so that smell, noise and debris, if possible, did not reach the location of the pet. You should also place the dog's home away from roads and noisy objects (transformer booths, tracks). Ideally, the distance from such noise sources should be at least 20 meters.
When making a drawing of an aviary, consider the floor level and the length of the roof. This is done to ensure that in rainy or snowy snow or rain did not fall inside. Best of all, if a tree grows nearby, which will cover the structure and significantly reduce the amount of precipitation penetrating into the aviary.
Materials for construction and construction
Typical materials for the construction of the enclosure are: wood, or foam blocks / brick and mesh chain-link. The grid is good for its accessibility and also because the dog can see everything through it and quickly react to unwanted guests. When using foam blocks for a blank wall, it should be remembered that this material accumulates cold well, being in such an open-air cage the dog can be supercooled, therefore a tree that does not have such a deficiency is preferable. An alternative would be wall insulation.
When creating an open-air cage, one should take into account not only the area, but also the height of the structure. It must be at least 2.5 meters. It is more convenient to maintain an open-air cage or interact with a pet, being inside, and also, if the open-air cage is open, this will not allow the dog to jump over the fence.
Be sure to provide inside the free space under the booth and trough - at least one third of the total area.
The booth will allow the pet to feel comfort and security, as well as protection from external stimuli, such as wind, excessive noise or temperature drops.
As for the wind, the windy side of the cage must be deaf in order to protect itself from precipitation and to prevent the animal from overcooling in winter.
Construction of the enclosure
In the presence of free time, an open-air cage can be built independently for this, before starting work, let us examine what types of enclosures are:
- Closed. At the end of construction, a small house is obtained - a monolithic construction that will reliably protect the pet from the external environment and at the same time will be able to withstand the claws and teeth of the animal.
- Open Of the advantages: simplicity and speed of construction. Usually the frame is made of welded square tubes. The dog can observe the territory entrusted to it.
Warm areas, such as a platform for a booth, should be determined even before construction begins, in order to correctly predict the type of fastening and dimensions of materials for insulation.
When designing the door, you must take into account the size. It should not happen that the opening was too small and uncomfortable for a person. It is advisable to make a constipation not only outside, but also inside - it is useful during the work inside the enclosure.
Stages of construction of an open enclosure
- Construction begins from the bottom, we fill the foundation and lay the flooring.
From the very beginning, four pipes are driven in, as rafters. Next, pour clay or gravel as the foundation, then pour the floor with cement mortar, creating a screed with a thickness of about 70 mm. It should also consider the slope of the floor or drain that the water would not stagnate in the aviary.
- We make the frame and install the fence.
The frame is also made of pipes, they are welded or bolted. On the side where the door will be installed, door hinges are fastened (by welding or by brackets). The next step is to install the walls: first the deaf (from the harvested material), then the chain-link or the walls from the welded grid.
If according to the construction plan there is an enclosure warming, it is done before installing the roof, which would be more convenient. The enclosure consists of open and closed parts, of course, it is necessary to warm only the closed. For insulation, we lay walls and floors with a layer of polystyrene foam or any other material for insulation (mineral wool, foam plastic, sawdust or wood shavings), a few centimeters thick. At the end of the fastening of insulation materials, we check that there are no sharp spots on the wall.
All fastenings are best done with self-tapping screws or special hidden elements, so that the pet is not hurt about the nails.
In the finished enclosure should be placed a dog house. It is installed at the blank wall, which in turn is also insulated. The length of the booth should be no less than a reclining dog with legs extended. The booth may have a flat roof, it is easier to make, and then, under a canopy, the slopes are not needed.
Create a pet feeder
To install the feeder, it is enough to allocate a place for it in the aviary and install containers for food and water there. Another trough can be made turning, combining it with a wall section. Thus, it will be possible to give food outside, without going into the aviary.
The trough itself should be fixed to the floor or wall, and containers for food and water should be removable so that they can be easily cleaned if necessary.
How to teach a dog to the aviary?
Here are some tips for quickly getting your pet to a new home:
- Throw in the aviary bone or pet treats. The dog will intuitively understand that there can be and there will be delicious food.
- After the dog is used to enter its new home, start feeding it in the aviary.
- Accompany all new workouts with the commands "Place", "Home" or "In the Aviary!" So that the dog would understand where it should be.
- After some time, start to close the cage for a while and leave the pet alone to get used to.
- If the dog can already be quietly in the aviary for a long time, give the animal his favorite toys, so that it gets used to the aviary.
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Where to place the aviary?
The first stage is the determination of a suitable place. But how should it be?
- Firstly, protected from direct sunlight, so that the pet is not hot in the summer.
- Secondly, you should not have a pet's housing in a draft, since the constant winds can interfere with the dog, as well as violate the integrity of the building.
- Thirdly, you need to choose a place that will be located next to the house and the gate, so that the dog can see everything that happens.
If important events and the owners are hidden from his eyes, then he may feel forgotten, and also worry about the sense of uncertainty.
What are aviaries?
Прежде чем приступить к возведению вольера, определитесь, каким он будет. Всего существует несколько видов:
- Полностью открытые. Такое сооружение, по сути, представляет собой клетку. В ней, конечно, может размещаться будка. Этот вариант подойдёт только для регионов с мягким климатом и тёплыми зимами.
- Частично закрытые. The building will provide protection from wind and cold, as well as an overview of the area.
- Fully enclosed. This option is suitable for very aggressive dogs, as well as for cold regions. And yet you need to leave open at least a small area so that the dog can see everyone near the aviary.
Determine the size
Size is very important, because if the aviary is too small, the dog will be cramped. Dimensions will depend on the breed and size of the dog. So, for a dog whose withers are no more than 50 centimeters high, an area of 6 square meters is enough.
If the value is 50-65 centimeters at the withers, then the optimal area of the enclosure is about 8 m2. And for a big dog you need a spacious accommodation of about 10 m2.
In addition, it is worth considering the mobility of the animal. Some breeds are very active and require constant physical exertion, so it is important to provide space for free movement. Other dogs, on the contrary, are calm, so they do not need to move long distances.
A solid enclosure can consist of several parts:
How to build an aviary?
How to make a dog enclosure? Its construction consists of several stages:
A few helpful tips on what to consider:
- Coniferous wood is ideal for making an aviary with its own hands, as it smells pleasantly, is environmentally friendly and has antiseptic properties.
- If you live in a region with a harsh climate, then responsibly approach the issue of insulation! And in this case it is worth making the foundation more solid.
- It is desirable to make the roof of the booth removable. First, so you can easily get inside, and secondly, if your pet suddenly becomes ill, you will quickly and safely get it out of the house.
- All elements are connected securely, especially if the dog is big and strong.
- Pre-plan the construction, so as not to be mistaken.
Let your pet have his own full housing!
Choosing the location of the aviary or booth
For a permanent location of the dog on the site choose a moderately sunny place on a hill away from cesspools, buildings for livestock and poultry, metal walls. An extension of the enclosure to the wall of a wooden shed is allowed. It is better to have a design with a reference point to the southeast.
The booth is placed near the entrance to the house. From his seat, the dog must see the main territory and the entrance area (wicket or gate).
Features of the arrangement of the enclosure
After choosing a place, it is necessary to calculate the area under the aviary, especially if the animal will be there almost constantly. It is determined by the height of the dog.
Height at withers, cm
Area, not less, m²
The length of the enclosure on the one hand must be at least 2 m. If you plan to keep two dogs or a bitch with puppies, then the area is doubled.
Walls. The open-air cage has three deaf walls - a long one and two short ones. They must be strong enough to protect the animal from drafts. Structures of slate, metal profiles are allowed, but the wooden version is more favorable for the pet. Boards should be smooth, treated with antiseptic composition.
The front part is made in the form of a welded frame made of pipes (galvanized ones are not used - they are harmful to health). After welding, the frame must be painted.
You can not replace the pipe mesh, as the dog may get stuck in her paw or gnaw. Cells of metal will harm the teeth, and the braided or plastic version will be gnawed at one point.
Floor make asphalt or concrete. In the second case, it is necessary to lay a plank bed at least 2 x 2 m, since the concrete comes strongly in winter and can cause paw rheumatism. When pouring, a slight bias is made in the direction of the facade to prevent the appearance of puddles and to facilitate cleaning.
Roof it is mounted without nails from soft material, for example a bituminous tile. It prevents pet discomfort by reducing noise during rain or hail.
a door do in the lattice wall. Important: it must open into the open-air cage, have external and internal locks and eyelets, in order to use a padlock if necessary.
The main dwelling of the dog becomes the booth. It is located inside the enclosure or in the yard.
Features of the arrangement of the booth
You should not get involved in and build a whole palace for the dog - the animal will not appreciate your efforts and will feel uncomfortable. A good booth is one that is made of wood, consists of a cold vestibule and a warmed inside, is not blown, has a lean-to roof.
The design scheme looks like this:
The area is determined by the size of the dog. Inside the space should be enough to turn and sleep in a position with legs extended. For areas with cold winters do not make the booth too spacious, otherwise the dog will freeze.
- Booth height = dog height at withers + litter thickness + 10–15 cm.
- Depth = distance from withers to the tips of the front paws + 10–15 cm.
- Width = width of a berth and a tambour.
- Sleeping place = dog length from nose to base of tail + 10–15 cm.
- Entry height = height at withers + 5–9 cm.
- Entry width = dog chest width + 5–8 cm.
A simpler version without division into two parts is calculated as follows:
The walls are made of coniferous wood - it has disinfecting properties, creates an optimal microclimate. Mineral wool, foam plastic is used for insulation. The floor rises 10–15 cm above the ground.
The roof is ideally removable. This allows:
- easy to clean the inside of the booth,
- no problem getting an animal to provide medical care.
A sloping roof is preferable, as dogs often like to sit or lie on it, watching the territory. It should have a slight bias towards the back wall. If there is no flooring above the booth, the roof should be covered with a soft, damping material. Then the pet will be comfortable during rain or hail.
The entrance is made from the side on the long side. In winter, it is curtained with dense sacking, felt, tapestry. Straw or special bedding is laid on the floor.
Cleaning and disinfection
From the territory daily removed feces and debris. The floor is swept twice a week. In the booth cleaning is carried out monthly. The litter is erased and processed from parasites, the straw is completely replaced. Disinfection is carried out in spring, autumn and winter quarterly, in summer - monthly. After treatment, the animal should not enter the territory until the surfaces are fully ventilated and dried.
Preparations for disinsection of dogs and dogs enclosures
The catalog AVZ presents the means necessary for processing the habitats of dogs and protect animals from fleas, ticks and other ectoparasites.
- Deltsid, emulsion concentrate. Available in ampoules, economical. The drug is designed to combat ectoparasites of animals, disinsection, deacterization of enclosures.
- "Bars Forte" for dogs. It is a spray for the insecticide-acaricide treatment of a pet and its habitat. Available in bottles of 100 ml with a spray.
- Insektoakaritsidny spray "Leopard" for dogs. It is also a drug for arachnoentomozah. Available in bottles of 100 and 200 ml with a spray.
When using drugs follow the instructions.
Where to start
First you need to deal with the true purpose of the aviary. After all, it should be not only the usual fence for the dog. In the construction of your friend and the guard will spend almost all day. Therefore, all the elements necessary for its normal and comfortable living should be clearly thought out. Namely:
- feeding trough from which the dog will eat,
- a place where he can hide in case of bad weather, cold or sun,
- walking area.
Next, you should decide on the place where the aviary will be equipped, its size. Sizes will be calculated depending on the breed of pet.
Choose a suitable place
The choice of place should also be made in accordance with the priority that the dog should be comfortable. It should not be annoyed by the noise of cars, so if possible you should have a home away from the road. Buildings for other pets should also be located at a distance. Like the places where you join the carpentry or do any other noisy work. Unpleasant smells should also not reach your pet's home, for example, from a toilet or a cesspool.
Ideally, the source of irritation should be located 500 m from the open-air cage, for example, in a rural area or on a large summer cottage, and 10-15 m in a private townhouse or country house.
At night, the aviary should be illuminated - this point should also be thought out: is it possible with the help of centralized lighting, or can it be its own light. The place where it is planned to equip the enclosure should be sheltered from the winds. It should not be somewhere in a remote corner - the dog needs to observe what happens in the yard and at the entrance.
The recommended location of the premises is southeast.
The best place will be in the frontal part near the entrance to the courtyard, on the side of the walkway leading to the house.
Calculate area and height
The area and height of the enclosure is calculated based on the size of the pet. By area there are certain minimums. One of the sides must be at least 2 m.
Here are some guidelines for building a dog enclosure and its size:
- For dogs with a height in withers up to 50 cm, the minimum area of the enclosure should be at least 6 square meters. The dwelling for two dogs or one bitch with children of such dimensions should not be less than 9 square meters. m
- For dogs that are 51–65 cm tall in adulthood, an open-air cage area of 8 square meters is required. m. For two dogs or females with puppies - from 12 square meters. m
- Pets above 66 cm must be kept in an open-air cage measuring 10 square meters. m. For two dogs or females with puppies need to equip a room the size of 15 square meters. m
The height of the dog "apartment" should be such that the dog could stand up to its full height on its hind legs, without touching the ceiling. By the way, if the pet is still small, and you do not know how it will be in adulthood, you can approximately calculate it, knowing the size of its paws, chest, weight and other parameters. For example, one of the unscientific formulas says that the weight of a puppy in two months should be multiplied by three and add 200 g - this will be the mass of an adult.
Draw a drawing
After the dimensions of the enclosure for dogs with their own hands will be determined, it is necessary to draw a drawing. You can take as a basis ready-made, examples of which can be found on the Internet. Usually enclosures on them consist of lined borders:
- winter road with a booth and without
- open area.
Walls and door
The front wall, which will serve the dog for a review of the courtyard, must be from the grille. At the same time, it is not recommended to use the net - large four-legged ones can easily carry them with their paws or break their teeth about them. The best solution is to use round or square metal tubes. They should not be galvanized or powder. It is necessary to cook them together with each other qualitatively, especially if your pet is large and heavy.
The pitch between the pipes should be 10 cm for large animals and 5 cm for small animals.
Metal structures and connections for the safety of four-legged should be well primed, cleaned from burrs, remove rust and covered with hot-painted enamel.
There is an option to equip the grid without a welding machine. To do this:
- the rods are good to drive into the ground,
- prepare wooden bars, the length of which is equal to the length of the lattice,
- make a notch on the bars at a distance of iron bars,
- insert the notches of the bars into each of the rods,
- fix with corners - drill holes in the bars and corners and fasten them with bolts.
Materials such as ondulin, soft tile, decking, etc. are selected for the roof. It is better if it is shingles, since the sediments drumming on it sound least loud and annoying to the animal.
When installing roofing nails should not be used.
Mandatory element should be a visor.
The floor can be made of concrete or asphalt. Cement is not recommended because it is too cold. On it, your pet will freeze, in addition, there is a risk that he will catch a rheumatic disease. In any case, it is better to think about the wooden flooring, which is put on an asphalt or concrete floor. They can not cover the entire floor, but only part of it. It will be enough plot of two by two meters.
Also, the concrete base can be insulated with rubble, placing it between the soil and concrete.
It is not necessary to fill the entire floor in the aviary, you can leave a section of soil that is planted with grass. Then your friend will just walk.
Пол не следует делать ровным, поскольку на нем будет застаиваться влага. Необходимо строить его с легким наклоном.
Лучшим жильем для собаки будет то, которое оборудовано будкой. Именно в ней животное будет проводить особенно холодные периоды.
При ее строительстве также следует учитывать некоторые факторы:
- Будка должна четко соответствовать размерам пса – он должен помещаться в ней в вытянутом положении и иметь пространство для разворота. If you make the kennel spacious, it will be cold, it will not be able to keep warm.
- The material for the booth must be exclusively wooden. It is better to choose for the construction of coniferous wood.
- If you live in regions where there are especially severe winters, then the booth should be made with double walls, the space between which should be laid out with insulation.
- The ideal option allowing to clean in the box will be a removable roof.
- It is better to make the roof flat with a slope - some pets like to use this seating position so that it is more convenient to observe the territory entrusted to it.
- It is strictly prohibited to use the inner lining of the paint booth or varnish for processing.
The feeder is recommended to be installed at a height of 20-30 cm from the floor.
For the safety of the animal, the feeder must be attached to a blank wall.
Types of aviaries
The main condition for choosing the type of enclosure is not to indulge the dog. This will also harm him, not to mention that the dog can deteriorate like a caretaker. The best guard dogs come from shepherd dogs, but for those all sorts of adversity is the usual working environment. It is much more harmful for a dog to overheat, overeat and relax, than to get cold, feel hungry and tired.
In open-air cages, there are especially hardy dense-dog dogs: shepherd dogs, Russian guard dogs and similar breeds. Gustopsovaya means with long hair and thick undersize, dog in kosar wool. There are specific terminology in general: the mouth is a gable, the tail is the rule (emphasis on “i”), etc. In open regions with a mild climate or for temporary maintenance, an open-air cage can be a simple fence (pos. 1 in the photo with photo), and a temperate climate in the aviary for gustopsovyh need more shelter, pos. 2. Domestic dogs, going to the country, placed in a folding enclosure with an awning, pos. 3: A city dog, once on nature, can easily go crazy, get lost and disappear.
In places with high insolation, not necessarily warm (chernozem strip and south of southern Siberia and the Far East) awning or roof should cover approx. 2/3 enclosure for any dog, pos. 4. Appointment of 2 adjacent enclosed walls of an open-air cage with wind protection (pos. 5) actually more close the dog a view of what prevents it from performing its duties: street bustle, playground, resting corner of the owners, etc.
The dog is a predator, and for any predator the main condition for comfort is a wide overview of the surroundings. Therefore, the dog will feel and guard better if you make an open-air cage with a dais. It may simply be the flat roof of the shelter, pos. 6. If the dog is not jumping, you need to make a ladder on the platform. The simplest, inclined at 20-45 degrees board with a rail of 20x20, packed across with a step of 100-200 mm.
In places with a sharply changing climate, dogs are kept in enclosures with a half-catcher (pos. 7): the booth is installed in an additional section that is closed from 3 sides, and which is covered with tarpaulin during most bad weather. Open-air cages for dogs with winterized insulated modules (pos. 8 and 9) are built in places with severe long winters, and a manhole in the winter road is hung with rubber bands so that the dog can enter the service.
If the conditions of location (see below) of an open-air cage with a winter road allow it, 2 of its adjacent walls, pos. 9. If this does not work out, it is better to leave everything open except for the winter road, pos. 8. The open-air cages-tunnels are suitable for the maintenance of a pack (see below), but the single-faced dog is an open-air cage of the type of that in pos. 8, but with deaf long walls, surely spoil.
It is believed that the door of the aviary guard or service dogs must open inward, otherwise a strong dog can knock it out. True, but often there is no space for opening the door inside the enclosure, if only because there is no extra space in the yard. In this case, look again at the poses. 6, the outward opening door should:
- To be covered with mesh (see below) in the inside.
- Have at least 2 crossbars.
- On each of the crossbars should be a reliable latch.
- The door leaf must be hung on the barn door hinges.
- Inside the door should be a safety latch: going into the aviary to care for animals and feeding, the door behind him immediately shut and locked.
Booth-platform, as in pos. 6, a dog will work without problems, but a puppy bitch needs a separate platform if she is whelping and nursing a brood in her permanent enclosure. How an open-air cage with a platform for a whelping bitch is arranged is shown in fig. on right. The winter road is installed optionally, if the female with offspring remains in the aviary during the cold season. When puppies are taken away from the mother, the platform above the shelter - the litter of the brood should be removed and a general cleaning arranged in the aviary so that the smell of the offspring does not disturb the parent.
The size of the enclosure
The minimum required area of the aviary, as you know, depends on the height of the dog at the withers: up to 50 cm - 6 square meters. m, up to 60 cm - 8 square meters. m, over 60 cm - from 10 square meters. m. The remaining dimensions of the enclosure are also tied to the dimensions of the body of the animal:
- Width - not less than 1.5 body length without tail, but not less than 1.5 m.
- Length - calculated by width and area.
- Height: raise the dog by the front paws until it pulls into a string, and let someone else measure the distance from the ground to the ends of the front paws. Add 0.5 m, this will be the minimum possible height of the enclosure, except for especially jumping dogs, see below.
The main thing in choosing a place for an aviary is to provide the dog with the best possible view of the controlled area. Imagine a taxi driver-pro, trudging in a broken clunker on a bumpy country road. The guard dog will feel about the same, not being able to see its area of responsibility. Only the owner can not express, can not.
The second factor - the aviary should be kept away from sources of strong odors. The dog is still getting used to the barn of the house or the barnyard, the same thing its ancestors smelled in nature, but the scent of the dog weakens from the ammonia vapors. There are also smells that are unbearable and harmful for a dog, see at the end.
Orientation to the cardinal points and winds, contrary to popular belief, does not play a special role. An open-air cage with a dog of northern origin (reindeer husky, husky) in the southern regions is better oriented to the north, and with a southerner dog (Caucasian or Central Asian shepherd dog, for example) north of Moscow - to the south. In other cases, the orientation of the facade to the east will be ideal, and the blank walls - against the directions of the prevailing winds.
Also, it is not necessary to consider as actual the recommendations to lay a capital foundation for the cage: you need extra expenses and work, and it will only be better for the dog if the cellar is purged. The size and design of dogs enclosures are such that they are insensitive to ground movements, ready-made cages are simply placed on the ground, bricks or concrete foundation blocks 400x400x200 at angles and vertical supports. It is better to concrete the supporting pillars of the enclosure for a large and strong dog, see below.
Materials and construction
The best material for a dog enclosure is structural steel. The sheep-dog enclosure can be partially wooden (see below), and it is highly advisable to make open-air cages for intelligent dogs like husky, husky, and fox-terrier completely metal — the wood is something ugryzaemo.
Stages of the construction of a wooden enclosure for dogs
However, wood is more accessible than metal and easier to work with. This is especially true if there is no possibility at any time to connect a welding or power tool. How to build an enclosure made of wood is simple, inexpensive and suitable for almost any dog, shown in Fig. above:
- Wood materials are impregnated twice with a water-polymer emulsion or once with silicone anti-rotting impregnation.
- The ends of the supporting pillars leaving the ground from a 150x150 bar are additionally impregnated with bitumen mastic.
- Support pillars concreted, pos. 1 in Fig., Exposing vertically on a plumb line. Poles must be prepared with a margin of 10-15 cm in height or with a large one if the site is noticeably uneven. Installation step up to 1.5 m.
- As the concrete hardens, the upper ends of the pillars are cut flush with the horizon to the desired height using the cord and level. Scraps do not rush to throw in the stove, come in handy.
- A pair of pillars connect pairs of boards from 100x25, pos. 2
- On the resulting box beams lay the floor, pos. 3 (grooved boards from 150x30), see also below.
- To the flooring around the perimeter of the lattice walls attach the lower trim of the timber 100x100, pos. 4 and 5. It is better to fix the lower trim from under the bottom.
- In the bar of the bottom strapping drill blind holes for the bars of the lattice. For the German Shepherd, the rods should be not less than 10x10 or from a diameter of 12 mm from ordinary steel or from 8 mm if the rods are reinforcing.
- Put the bars of the lattice, leaving an opening for the door, pos. 6. Installation step 10 cm for large dogs and 5-7 cm for small dogs.
- The bars of the lattice temporarily, so as not to be slouched, are tied up with a soft wire.
- Prepare the upper trim bars, drilling them into the nests under the bars of the lattice.
- Mount the top trim. Its bars are fixed to supporting steel corners or plywood kerchiefs.
- Sheathed blank walls.
- Put inside the partition and arrange a winter road, if needed.
- Make the roof (pos. 7) and produce the remaining work, see below for more details.
Note: oil impregnation for wood, incl. engine oil can be used if the aviary will be occupied in a year. Then they build it in the spring - during the summer the light fractions of impregnation will evaporate, and during the winter they will bituminize and lose the smell (dry out) of the heavy ones.
Steel enclosure is built in the same way:
Drawings of wall panels steel dog enclosure
Instead of wooden pillars, the pipework is concreted from 40x40x2.5,
Floor or ground?
Purchased enclosures are often put just on the ground, on it the dog handles physiological needs. The floor of the aviary needs to be cleaned from the traces of its vital activity, but in the ground the dog is able to dig a hole and get out of the aviary. How to be here?
First, the northerner dogs dig the ground in exceptional cases. Their digging reflex is very weak, because they have permafrost in their homeland. If husky, husky or labrador regularly walk or are issued for patrolling, you can not be afraid of them. Secondly, in due time J. Darrell invented a way to develop toilet skills in almost any mammal, even in a wild African pig:
- A small enameled vessel of a suitable size is prepared for the latrine of the dog: a basin, a foot bath with embedded drainage, a large bowl.
- When building an open-air cage, away from the booth and trough (see below), a cut-out is made in the floor for installing a toilet bowl.
- The cut-out under the toilet is temporarily sewn with plywood.
- At the time of training for the dog aviary provide an opportunity to defend where he wants.
- When he gets used, a handful of litter fresher take on temporary storage.
- In the aviary do general cleaning.
- They take off the plywood, put the toilet in place and half fill it with sand.
- Put in the toilet saved a clump of droppings and run into the dog's aviary.
This method works flawlessly: after all, animals mark their territory with urine and excrement. Now the dog will go in large only in the toilet. The sand in it is needed to satisfy the instinct for the instillation of garbage; it must be changed from time to time.
Note: an enclosure for burrowed dogs, for example. Fox Terrier, must be with the floor.
To make a dog feeder pivoting at the floor level (on the left in the figure) in the aviary to demonstrate his skill as a mechanic is a serious mistake. Fun stuff provokes the animal to play with it, traumatic for the dog. The feeder should be made folding with the bottom edge approximately at the height of the lower edge of the dog's chest, as on the right in fig.
Feeders in dogs enclosures
The roof of the aviary must be with a gap for airing. Go on a hot summer day with a light breeze from the yard to the veranda. Stuffy there? Now imagine that you are overgrown with hair from top to toe. We repeat once again: the heat and heat for a dog are much more harmful than the bitter cold.
As for - from which to lay the roof of the cage, here is the main rule: the material of the roof should not resonate in the rain and from the wind. A dog's hearing is as sensitive as a nose, often repeated sharp sounds can damage it. The best materials for the roof of the enclosure sound-absorbing: roofing material, soft tile. They also lay on the crates easier.
Note: so the trimming of timber from the construction of a wooden enclosure was useful - they went to the device of the ventilation gap under the roof. Crate it its usual type, but it does not hurt to warm. Not for the winter, for the summer, so that the roof warmed by the sun would not give warmth down.
It is necessary to weld crossmembers from the same rod with a vertical step of 1-1.3 m to the grill of the open-air cage. Usually they put one cross-bar at half the height of the rods. It is better to put two crossbars in the aviary for the shepherd dog, respectively. reducing the installation step. The German Shepherd is not a record holder of strength among its kin, the Caucasian and Central Asian are stronger. But an adult German Shepherd dog is pushing the 10x10 bars 1.5 m long.
This intelligent, loyal and disciplined dog is becoming more popular. If the watchman does not go out from the reindeer-legged huskies, and the hunting dogs are obtained occasionally (albeit, all as one are outstanding), then the husky can be called a jack of all trades master. However, the aviary for huskies should have a number of features.
The first is that an aviary for a husky needs a height of 2.2 m. The Husky is a very jumpy dog; at home, they need it so that they can look over the endless snow. Husky jumps almost like a poodle, and he, for your information, jumps from the floor without a run up to the closet.
Secondly, the husky enclosure for the husky should be made not from rods, but from a grid. Jumping, husky clings to it. If the cage of the aviary with husky rods, then the dog will not be able to do the necessary physical exercises. Finally, in mid-latitudes and to the south, the husky open-air cage is best positioned with its facade to the north, northeast, and northwest.
About the grid
Dogs enclosures with nets
The grid of nets instead of rods is also suitable in an open-air cage for dogs of other breeds. It is better to put in a cage a grid of woven mesh, pos. 1 in fig. on right. For Huskies, this is all the more good since the woven wire mesh is curved in a zigzag and it is easier to cling to them. But go and welded mesh, pos. 2. In either case, the wire diameter is from 4 mm, and the mesh is 10x10 cm for large dogs and from 5x5 to 7x7 for small dogs.
It is undesirable to use a netting net for barring the enclosures: even very calm dogs often injure their paws, and the wool that has been plucked out of the enclosures in such enclosures is common. For the Husky, by the way, the chain-link is safe, this dog is so smart. Too clever for an open-air cage from a chain-link: it unravels the joints, tears off the frames and leaves the enclosure in an hour and a half. It is unique, when the open-air cage for a dog from a chain-link netting is justified - when its area is more than 20 square meters. m, and the dog is a guard breed, i.e. very disciplined, and trained by a good dog handler.
For small and small
The puppy is small and adult, but an adult dog is far from the same, and they need different enclosures. First, do not make an open-air cage for puppies made of wood (position 1 in the figure below): they are weak and weak, but they will nibble. The splinters are swallowed and stuck in a torn hole. Secondly, the cage for puppies should be done, given that their curiosity is irrepressible, but they have not yet cut through. Scientifically, the complete set of dog instincts has not yet been activated.
Aviaries for puppies and a small dog
Instead of an open-air cage, puppies-suckers and silly animals should be kept in a playpen with soft walls, so that there is no whining, the puppy-kid feels abandoned if he cannot settle down to something warm and soft. Puppies are often friends with domestic cats for this reason. A playpen for a puppy is made from a cardboard box, about a couple of options, see the video at the end of the section.
When the puppy in the arena begins to rise, leaning its front paws on the side (pos. 2 in the figure), you should remove the soft upholstery and start to teach the puppy to the apartment aviary from the net, pos. 3, it is better to simply bend it out of the grid segment with cells from 3x3 to 5x5 cm, having disappeared the joint. Knitted butt puppy traumatic.
Open-air cages in the apartment for small dogs are already arranged in general, just as for large dogs, taking into account the small strength and insignificant freedom-loving inhabitants. Aviary for decorative dogs is the same set of vertical rods of beds. Ready-made sections of mini-dogs enclosures are sold in pet stores, of which a dwelling of the desired size and configuration is assembled. But remember: for a room dog an open-air cage is something like a public garden with a bench or a bar. For permanent housing the dog in the apartment needs a house.
Note: for lapdogs and other long-haired dogs, the section of the apartment aviary should be taken only welded. Плетеные всю шерсть выдерут, тем более что декоративные породы собак умом, как правило, не отличаются.
Видео: загончик для щенка
Видео: манеж для щенков своими руками
Вольер для нескольких собак
Если участок охраняет несколько собак, общий вольер для них нужно делать из секций с полузимниками, навесами в 3/4 длины секции, глухими перегородками между ними и отдельными кормушками. Иначе грызня в свободное от службы время обеспечена. В таком случае на большую собаку хватит 3-4 кв. м площади и секции шириной в длину ее тела без хвоста, см. рис. on right.
Let us examine in conclusion the typical mistakes in the construction of dogs enclosures. It is impossible to strengthen the enclosure with stitches, ties and other methods for wind and snow loads (pos. 1 on the next fig.). The dog is a compact body, instantly gaining speed of 10 m / s and more. How much kinetic energy will be in it according to the formula from school physics, with a weight of 20-40, or even 70 kg? Will her blow withstand all these plank-ribs?
The erroneous performance of dogs for dogs
Then, if you are not a canine specialist with special education and experience, then, building a dog enclosure, get involved in design delights even in the minimum size, as in pos. 2 should not be. That the human eye is pleased, the dog is likely to just interfere with living a normal dog life. By the way, this also applies to cold forging, only it can be confused with its paw.
Further, do not block the dog from reviewing and only slightly, as in pos. 3. Dogs are 100% extroverts, their and our concepts of coziness and comfort are fundamentally different. And finally, do not place an open-air cage at the flower garden, in the garden and do not decorate it with flowers, as per pos. 4. The dog's nose is much more sensitive than ours, and a too strong pleasant scent turns into an unbearable stench. In addition, ethylene and aldehydes, exuded by flowers and fruits, simply spoil the scent of the dog. The dog's nose is almost the same as our eyes, and for dog's health, the background of smells he needs is moderate and natural.