The white peacock is, in fact, the same chicken, because it belongs to the order of the chicken. But what! Since ancient times it is considered the most beautiful bird in the world. Peacocks delighted the eyes of European monarchs, walking through extensive gardens and parks. And in the East they were revered as sacred creatures. Even the Buddha did not remain indifferent to these birds, and in the images he sometimes appears sitting on them. The description of the peacock can be found in the ancient epic.
The white peacock is, in fact, the same chicken, since it belongs to the order of chicken-like
But the snow-white male, of course, out of competition. He is the most impressive and magnificent among all the varieties of peacocks. Loose tail resembles a fluffy lace tablecloth. And it is not at all considered rare. They were domesticated in the mid-19th century. The albino peacock is always completely white. Only he is not an albino, in the exact sense of the word. This is a genetic subspecies with blue eyes. Occasionally there are real albino birds, but they are already red-eyed, like all animals with such a feature.
Description and habitat
Peacocks belong to the brightest representatives of the pheasant family. They are distinguished by enchanting tail, which in fact is not. This elongated feathers nadhvostiya, and the tail itself is rather nondescript. On the absolutely white lace of feathers you can see the eyes.
They were domesticated in the mid-19th century.
The parameters of the bird's body can be described as follows:
the male reaches a weight of 5 kg,
in length it grows to 125-130 cm,
tail can be about half a meter.
Females are smaller, and their tail is no longer impressive luxury. Both those and others have a ridiculous tuft, resembling either a crown or dandelion umbrellas.
In nature, peacocks inhabit the jungle and along the banks of rivers, where there is dense thickets. They love the mountain slopes overgrown with shrubs and grass. India is considered the birthplace of these wonderful birds. They are common in Bangladesh, Nepal, China and Thailand.
Lifestyle and nutrition
In their natural habitat, these birds live in small flocks. Usually during the day they are awake, and at night they sleep in the trees. They know how to fly, however, over short distances. Luxury tails reveal only in the period of seduction of females. At the usual time, they are neatly folded, but do not interfere at all with their masters, regardless of length. Birds confidently maneuver and move between obstacles without touching them with long feathers.
In nature, peacocks live in the jungle and along the banks of rivers, where there are dense thickets
They have a lot of natural enemies, mostly big cats: tigers and leopards. And man also uses pheasants for food. But mostly only young individuals, since in adults the meat is rather tough.
Thanks to the excellent vision and piercingly loud voice, birds are revered by local residents. For the ability to warn about the danger they are even considered sacred. Usually they are quiet, but when a thunderstorm or predator approaches, they show signs of anxiety and shout loudly.
In captivity, they are very arrogant and hardly carry their relatives (chickens or pheasants) next to them. They may even peck. Easily acclimatized in all natural conditions. Though it comes from the tropics, but it doesn’t care much about cold.
Free-living birds feed on grass, nuts, berries, medium-sized fruits. They love rodents and small snakes. Do not disdain insects and small mammals. When there is an opportunity, they will gladly take advantage of the fruits of human hands and will visit with a raid a plantation of tomatoes and cucumbers. Do not give up and bananas.
Free-living birds feed on grass, nuts, berries, small fruits
When breeding peacocks in captivity, they are fed the same way as the other inhabitants of the house - wheat, barley, millet. There are also root vegetables in their diet.
The white peacock is quite demanding of purity. He should not be given stale and unwashed vegetables. Even the grain must first sift and wash. It is very important to always have fresh and clean water.
Gallery: white peacock (25 photos)
The marriage period lasts from April to August. All this time, the males are aggressive and often dissolve the tail to attract females. They actively compete with each other for some “status” beauty and can even fight. At other times, if they are not brought to the "white heat", they do it with extreme reluctance.
A polygamous family consists of one male and several females (3-5). Eggs are laid directly on the ground and hatched for almost a month. In laying from 5 to 10 eggs. Pheasant hatches hatch yellow, like regular chickens. But already have wings of white. Disassemble what sex they are, difficult, but possible. Males have longer legs, and they are slightly larger. They reach sexual maturity by three years. It is then that real long tails grow, and birds can create their harems.
One female can have up to three clutches in one season. Moreover, all other chicken relatives are capable of incubating eggs, and not just the peas themselves. In captivity in these birds maternal instinct is somewhat weakened.
In order to produce absolutely white offspring, it is necessary that the parents also be completely white. If this rule is not followed, the result can be very unexpected and is unlikely to please. There may be spots or the color will not be bright enough. Sometimes different types of peacocks are specially crossed to produce unusual colors.
Peacocks live for a long time - on average up to 25-30 years.
These beautiful and spectacular birds are bred with pleasure in zoos around the world. Very often they appear in various symbolism and attract the attention of visitors.
White Peacock - royal majesty and unpretentious temper
Peacock is one of the most famous birds on the planet due to its beautiful plumage and amazing fan tail. His images are immortalized in works of art. In India, the priests are guarded by peacocks, and the Buddha is depicted sitting on it. But among all the relatives a white peacock occupies a special place.
Features and habitat of white peacock
Snow-white color is common, despite the widespread perception of the rarity of such peacocks. They were discovered by man for the first time at the end of the 18th century, and then domesticated.
According to the erroneous opinion, white peacocks are albinos. But their eyes are blue and blue, not red, this is just a color variation. The bird is considered a symbol of beauty, wealth, longevity. In many zoos, nature reserves, they serve as a real decoration.
Birds belong to the pheasant family. Despite the amazing beauty of this species of birds, immediate relatives are simple hens and pheasants. Peacocks large size: up to 120 cm long, weighing up to 4.5 kg. The famous tail of males, fanned, rises to a height of 150 cm.
On the photo is a white peacock
The tail feathers are different in length, arranged in a tiled manner - the longest are covered with shorter feathers. The nadhvoste forms an unusual look and gives expressiveness to the bird.
On feathers, filamentous fibers create the so-called webs. Crowned with a long feather "eye". On the small head of a peacock a funny tuft resembling the shape of a crown, which undoubtedly gives feathered greatness.
Only the male is endowed with a luxurious decoration. But for this he gets the test from the enterprising individuals who want to pull white peacock feathers from the tail for fun. Someone even thought that they bring misfortune to stop the barbarian bird hunt. The life of females is safer, they are smaller, their tails are of no interest to anyone.
Homeland white peacocks believe ancient India, and birds are common in natural conditions in the territory of Nepal, Thailand, China. Habitats of birds are located in the jungle, forests, overgrown with shrubs river coasts.
They love the mountain slopes with vegetation, farmland, cultivated by man. Not by chance, the locals domesticated peacocks more than 2500 years ago. Over the long history of relations between peacocks and humans, there have been many attempts to cross white and color birds. Breeders do not welcome these experiments, because the result gives an uneven color with spots and specks.
The nature and lifestyle of the white peacock
In nature, peacocks are kept in small flocks. Long tails do not interfere with confident movement. Most of the active time the birds are on the ground, although they can fly. In the evening, they find suitable trees and lodge among the branches. Flights make minor, over short distances.
The bird is considered sacred for giving to warn of danger. But the secret lies in the amazing vigilance and piercing vociferousness. Loud cries announce the approach of a thunderstorm, the appearance of a large predator, a sneaking snake. Under normal conditions, peacocks are laconic.
White indian peacocks, despite its southern origin, it adapts well to cold and wet weather. Due to their proud character, it is more difficult for them to transfer their neighborhood with their relatives. If in one aviary there will be related hens or pheasants, peacocks can simply peck on them.
In nature, birds have many natural enemies. Peacock - is the prey of large birds of prey, leopards, tigers. Man, although he honors the beauty of white peacocks, but he also appreciated the delicious meat of birds.
If earlier only description of the white peacock gave an idea of it, today you can get a bird in specialized nurseries or farms for breeding birds.
The process is not considered laborious, but requiring compliance with the rules. To get healthy offspring of snow-white color is possible only from the same snow-white parents. As a result, breeding derived black and white peacocks with the distribution of the contrast pattern throughout the plumage of the bird.
On the photo is a white peacock male
Buy White Peacock and even an amateur can create an aviary. Comfort for birds provides ample space, the presence of perches and good food. Exotic birds adapt well. Price of white peacock ranges from 2,000 to 15,000 rubles, depending on the age, condition and purity of the color of the individual.
White peacock feeding
In wildlife, birds feed on small mammals, snakes, and insects. The diet includes berries, fruits of plants, nuts. Peacocks are treated to cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, and bananas near agricultural plantations.
In captivity white peacocks are fed the same as other chicken-like relatives - millet, barley, and root crops. An important factor is the freshness and purity of products. Grain is recommended to pre-wash and sift, and in the spring is useful to give germinated grain.
Breeders add boiled potatoes mixed with greens, hay flour, and grated vegetables to peacocks. Water should always be available in drinking bowls. To maintain the health of white peacocks, it is necessary to periodically disinfect feeders.
Description and external data
According to the classification of scientists, the white variety of the usual peacock belongs, like everyone else, to the Fazanov family, the order of the Curonidae.
Life expectancy is two decades. Blue-eyed birds have a rather large structure: the male's body length varies from 1 to 1.25 m, its weight is up to 5 kg, the tail size is up to half a meter, the luxurious feathers of the nadhvost can reach 1.7 m. The blue-eyed female (pea) has smaller dimensions . Despite the short wings pressed to the body, the white peacock can fly well, and its short legs do not interfere with active movement in any territory.
In many countries, this breed of birds is considered royal for their truly beautiful view: the small head is crowned with an amusing tuft resembling a crown, the male has, like the female, a snow-white plumage, but on its tail feathers one can notice the mild outlines of the eyes inherent in the multicolored bird species.
The birthplace of white peacocks is considered to be ancient India. To date, the breed is widespread, and now its representatives live in the natural conditions of Pakistan, China, Nepal, Thailand and even Africa.
Mostly birds grow roots in overgrown shrub zones on the river coasts, in woodlands and jungles. Also love to be located on the mountainside overgrown with grass and trees.
Lifestyles and habits of birds in their natural environment
White peacocks live in small flocks. In the daytime they are awake, walking over land, closer to the night - they take off and are high in the trees in order not to become prey to predators. Their behavior can be basically described as modest and calm, but the mood can change dramatically due to the approach of a thunderstorm - then the birds begin to noticeably nervous and shrill screaming, warning of possible impending danger.
From about two and three years old, birds become capable of breeding. The period of "marriage games" begins in mid-April and may last until September. His offensive is characterized by male rivalry and "battles" for the attention of females. After the individuals of both sexes are left alone, the male dissolves his tail and waits for a special “signal” from the female.
For the entire mating season, the shepherd is able to sit through three clutches, laying four to ten eggs at a time, which are just on the ground. Chicks appear in a month and are growing rapidly, in three weeks you can determine the sex of newborn birds.
The colorful magnificence of the peacock plumage has been known for a long time. Beautiful birds have been living with a person for more than three thousand years, striking with a variety of colors and a noble look. There were legends about them, they were revered, feathered beauties served as decoration of the gardens of the great emperors and kings.
They knew about white peacocks before the 19th century, they were widely spread. Snow-white coloring won the sympathy of lovers of these birds, has become the most popular in recent times. Some people think that this is an albino peacock, and they are mistaken. Because his eyes are not red, but blue. Even Charles Darwin proved that the snow-white peacock belongs to the numerous color variations of the Indian species, which was formed due to the mutation of the dominant gene.
Previously, white peacock feathers decorated the clothing and interior of the dwelling. Used in food and its meat, dishes from young poultry were considered as a delicacy, as with age it becomes too hard.
Currently, white peacocks are brought out of love for the beautiful, they are indispensable inhabitants of zoos, especially popular among breeders and amateurs. This is explained by the unusual color, adding a bird of nobility and grace. When the male opens the tail, it seems that it is a delicate lace, woven by nature itself.
Peacocks are representatives of the family of pheasants, and the main difference between males is the long feathers of the upper tail. Actually, this feature gives the bird an unusual look and decorative effect.
The males of the white variety are snow white, but if you look closely, you can see the outlines of eyes on the light lace of the opened tail feathers. Females are also pure white, with blue eyes. On the heads of individuals of both sexes crowns of white feathers flaunt.
An adult male in length grows up to 125 cm, and the maximum weight is 4, 2 kg. Cascade tail feathers - 160 cm.
Samoles are smaller than males and have long feathers near the tail.
Experienced breeders try to preserve the purity of the population of an unusual subspecies. The white coloring of the bird makes it a true gem among the variegated relatives, and any professional and amateur can be proud that he has a snow-white sample of an exotic bird in his collection.
To breed peacocks in captivity is easy, but certain rules exist.
- For offspring to turn white, a pair must consist of individuals of only that color. If conditions are not met, the result may be unpredictable: an incomplete dominant gene will appear white spots, or the color of the feathers will not be bright enough.
- For females in the house it is necessary to equip the nests, otherwise they will leave the eggs directly on the ground.
- The pava usually carries up to 10 eggs, but not the fact that it will hatch them. In captivity, peacocks do not always responsibly relate to the breeding of offspring, so eggs are placed in an incubator, or parental responsibilities are placed on chickens and turkeys.
- In a month, chickens will be born. For successful growth, it is important for them to create good conditions and provide a balanced diet. Peacock chicks are susceptible to diseases, do not tolerate hypothermia and poor sanitation.
If everything is done correctly, in a year, young snow-white beauties will walk on the site, causing admiration of neighbors and pride of the owner.
Do not experiment with color. For example, in Europe, only pure white individuals and black-shouldered natural mutations of the Indian peacock are valued from subspecies.
To the great joy of breeders, the maintenance of white peacocks is not problematic. Birds are very unpretentious in care. And even despite its southern origin, it is easy to adapt to the conditions of the middle belt. Однако позаботиться о будущем жилье и питании, необходимом для их здоровья и долголетия, все же желательно.
Требования к вольеру
В качестве комфортабельного «домика» для птиц вполне сойдет самостоятельно сооруженный вольер, длина и высота которого должна быть, соответственно, не менее 5 м и 3 м. It is imperative to observe this height, since peacocks are usually roosted one and a half meters from the ground.
Inside the enclosure should be equipped with a bath with ashes, as well as a comfortable water bottle, always filled with clean water.
A few more important rules for care:
- the enclosure should be kept clean and ventilated as necessary,
- feeders and drinkers are disinfected weekly,
- Do not expose birds to unnecessary stress: exclude loud music, crashing, repair work, etc.,
- leave the lighting indoors (especially in the winter season) for at least 15 hours, for which special fluorescent lamps are well suited.
What to feed
In captivity, birds can be fed the same food as all chicken-like: root crops, millet and barley. Millet must be carefully sifted and then washed. Sometimes it is desirable to enrich the diet of birds with particularly useful, germinated grains and some "dishes":
- boiled potatoes with greens,
- mashed vegetables,
- dry bread
- boiled cereals,
- hay flour.
As noted above, caring for white peacocks does not give breeders (and just lovers) any special difficulties, and, in addition to the basic rules of care, birds must be treated responsibly and with love, then they, being in a good mood, will please the owners with their beauty , health and offspring.
What features does this view have?
It should be noted that in many countries this type of peacock is considered to be royal. And in India, this bird is sacred. If you answer the question why it is in India, it should be noted that in the countries of South Asia peacocks are considered to be special birds that have a special gift. This gift is that they are able to predict the appearance of a tiger, thunderstorm, or snake. However, it’s not about their abilities and abilities, peacocks can shout loudly for a long time, notifying people of a possible danger.
The main feature of this bird lies in its color. It is noteworthy that such a bird plumage was not obtained in the process of mutation. It was a natural, genetically determined process.
In addition, it is interesting that this breed has been known since the beginning of the XVIII century.
General breed description
First of all it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the main feature of this species consists not only in their color, but also in the figure on the tail feathers. Drawing in the form of an eye is preserved even in such birds, but it is very poorly visible.
It is noteworthy that immediately after birth the nestling is covered with a yellow fluff and only two years later it acquires a snow-white feathering. It is this age that is considered reproductive for this breed.
It should be noted that white peacocks are grown just like regular ones. Interspecific crossing is unacceptable, but intraspecific interbreeding is often practiced. Breeders are trying to bring as many different subspecies, which would be different for their plumage.
If we talk about diet, it consists of cereals. Therefore, very often peacocks attack neighboring fields with wheat, thereby destroying crops. Although it is mostly decorative bird, but its meat can also be used in food. However, they are mainly grown for beautiful feathers.
Speaking about the size of the bird, on average they are:
- Body length - 30 cm.
- Tail length - from 50 cm.
- The length of the steering wings - up to 160 cm.
Attention should be paid to the fact that an adult male can weigh up to 5 kg and can fertilize up to 10 females. The female can lay about 10 eggs per clutch. However, one should not forget that in order to get the maximum progeny one should provide comfortable conditions for the bird. Like other peacocks, the whites are not distinguished by the particular melodiousness of their voices. So, their voice is more like a sharp feline cry. Interesting is the fact that the activity of birds falls on the daytime, but at night they climb trees to avoid falling into the hands of a predator.
Where does this species of peacocks live?
It should be noted that the natural habitat of these birds is This is India, Nepal, Bangladesh. Most recently, they were brought to Africa. Often white peacocks live in shrubs or sparse forests. In addition, they prefer an area where there are mountain slopes or small rivers and lakes.
How do white peacocks breed?
Peacocks themselves are polygamous birds. Therefore, up to 5 females can fall on one male in natural conditions. The breeding period falls on the interval starting with April to September. It is noteworthy that in the mating season, the males become very aggressive, as they are trying with all their might to attract the attention of the female. In order to attract a female, the male spreads his tail and begins to dance on the spot, these actions last until such time as the female notices him and shows interest in him. After mating has occurred, the laying period begins. The egg incubation period can last from 28 to 30 days.
What are the differences of white peacocks?
First of allThe main difference is the color of the feathers.
SecondlyThis is a tuft that only males of this species have.
ThirdlyThis is not fastidiousness and unpretentiousness.
Although this bird belongs to the pheasant family, it does not have any similarities with them. It is noteworthy that this species is original and unlike its kindred.
Rules for breeding white peacocks in captivity
- To get offspring in white, you need both peacocks to be snow white. If this condition is violated, the result may be the most unpredictable. Thus, the chick may become covered with white spots, or its feathering will be very dull.
- Females need well-equipped nests, otherwise they can throw their eggs.
- One pava can carry up to 10 eggs. But it may be that she does not want to hatch them all or abandon them altogether. If we talk about breeding peacocks in captivity, then very often the females refuse to incubate. Therefore, you should prepare and purchase an incubator in advance, and even turkeys or chickens can perform parental duties.
- Please note that small chicks do not tolerate hypothermia and poor sanitation. In addition, they can easily be subjected to various diseases.
As a result, it should be noted that the white peacock is an amazing bird that is worth admiring.