Blueberries were chosen for forest pine and mixed tracts, as well as wet swampy places. Sometimes blueberries grow so much that it forms huge thickets consisting of low - up to 35 cm - bushes, covered with blue-black berries, flattened at the crown, and covered with a bluish bloom.
Many blueberries are perceived as a means of affecting visual acuity. But it turns out that this plant has other healing properties.
Useful and healing properties of blueberries
- The berries have malic, citric, amber, oxalic and lactic acids.
- Berries contain tannins, sugar, vitamin C, vitamin B, carotene, anthocyanins, myrtillin.
- The leaves contain tannins, pectins, hydroquinone, arbutin, amorphous glycoside myrtillin, quercetin, ascorbic acid.
- Neomirtillin, which is in the leaves, called plant insulin. Thanks to this component blueberries lower blood sugar levels.
- Berries and leaves of bilberry have astringent, anti-inflammatory, tonic, diuretic, choleretic and hemostatic effects.
- Blueberries are used with a decrease in vision, as blueberries have a positive effect on the retina.
- Blueberry is rich in manganese.
- Bilberry is prescribed for gastrointestinal infections, gastritis with low acidity, kidney stones, skin diseases and rheumatism.
- Bilberry normalizes metabolism.
- With the use of blueberry leaves treat purulent wounds, eczema, hemorrhoids.
How and when to pick blueberry leaves
The flowering of blueberries begins in early summer, and until the berries appear, you need to start collecting leaves.
To do this, choose a dry sunny weather. The leaves are cut off by hand, trying not to damage the flowers, so as not to reduce the number of berries in the future.
It is also not recommended to tear off all the leaves from the bush in order not to deplete the plant.
Bilberry - a brief botanical report on the plant
Bilberry belongs to the heather family and grows mainly in the northern cold regions of the country, on marshland and pine forests.
This is a long-term light-loving shrub, 15-40 centimeters high. Its stem is straight, with pointed, pointed branches, elliptical leaves, small, light green.
The berries are juicy, black, round, with a slight bluish bloom, having a sweet-sour taste and a little bit tart.
Berries, leaves and shoots of a plant have healing value.
How and when to harvest blueberries
In late July - early August, blueberries ripen.
To collect the berries choose dry cool weather, when morning dew has dried on the bushes.
It is best to harvest berries from young plants, as they are richer in healing properties. Young blueberry bushes are different from the old twigs green and the minimum number of side branches. The age of a plant can be determined by counting the number of side branches, starting from the tips of their tops and ending with the main stem. The old bushes of bilberries, which are 20-30 years old, though they bear fruit, but are deprived of many useful substances.
The berries are torn off by hand, trying not to damage the delicate skin, and placed in shallow baskets, perelaily each layer of berries with soft sprigs.
Before drying, the berries are sorted, removing damaged, wrinkled and over-ripe fruits, as well as garbage, leaves and twigs.
Composition and proportions
So, the chemical composition of blueberry leaves and shoots, which are also used in traditional medicine, differs from its berries. As often happens in such cases, blueberry leaves contain almost everything that is in its berries, only several times less. Plus, they have a number of substances that usually do not fall into the berries, but they are part of almost any foliage of any plants in the world.
- Essential oils. They give bilberry its specific aroma and have a stimulating blood circulation, a warming effect.
- Vitamins. Groups B, C, PP, A, albeit in relatively small quantities.
- Organic acids. Suitable for consumption in food and even necessary for the body, but in very limited quantities. There are more than a dozen of them in blueberries, but in the leaves you can only find pitch, oleanolic, quinic, ursolic acid. All of them provide a light antipyretic and bactericidal effect, stimulate intestinal peristalsis.
- Micro and macro elements. Calcium, potassium, cobalt, manganese, zinc and some others. Their concentration in the leaves of bilberry is not too high, but can be important with their long and acute deficiency in the diet. It should also be remembered that the leaves of plants willingly accumulate unsafe substances from this series, along with useful ones, depending on their content in the local soil and water. In particular, we are talking about chromium, copper, lead, barium, bromine.
- Anthocyanins. In particular, the above-mentioned glycosides, among which is present and "antidiabetic" mirtillin. Anthocyanins serve plants as dyes of the red and red-blue gamut. And for the human body, they are antioxidants with a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. They are not always as useful as they seem. For example, mirtillin showed in experiments on rats a good ability to reduce blood sugar (up to 40%), although its effect on the level of glucose in human blood can be neglected due to its almost complete absence (and for such a difference there are a lot of reasons). And another anthocyan amygdalin is most widely known as prussic acid - a poison of instantaneous and 100% lethal effects.
- Tannins. Good anti-inflammatory and antiseptics, a kind of natural antibiotics. They protect plants from pests, including insects and fungi, and serve humans in the same capacity. But most of the tannins are not in the blueberry leaf, but in the bark of the oak - the plant, whose name they inherited.
Properties of leaves and blueberries
Fruits and leaves of the plant contain substances that are rarely found together in nature. Among them, manganese, calcium, phosphorus, fiber, iron, vitamins C, PP, A, E, group B, and in a smaller amount carotene, pectin, organic acids (benzoic, malic, tartaric, oxalic, amber, citric), essential oils. Due to this rich composition, there is no reason to doubt the benefits of blueberry tea. Its positive impact is as follows:
- increases visual acuity, clarity by improving the state of blood vessels and blood circulation in the eye area,
- helps relieve eye strain after intense eyestrain,
- normalizes metabolism, the gastrointestinal tract, liver,
- is a natural antiseptic,
- reduces the level of "bad" cholesterol,
- beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system,
- removes toxins and salts from the body, slows the aging process,
- has a restorative effect on the nervous system,
- useful for diabetes: having a low glycemic index, reduces the concentration of glucose and keeps it within the normal range,
- strengthens the immune system and the protective functions of the body,
- has a mild diuretic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, antimicrobial effect.
Blueberry tea is not an independent therapeutic drug, and can not replace treatment prescribed by a doctor.
Like any vegetable product, it can not be drunk uncontrollably and in large quantities. Excessive use of tea from blueberries or its leaves can lead to dehydration and jumps in blood pressure.
Tea made from blueberry leaves and berries has a number of contraindications. These include:
- individual intolerance to the berries or the plant as a whole,
- pancreatic diseases,
- addiction to constipation
- urolithiasis disease.
Classic with dried berries
You will need dried blueberries in the proportion of 100 grams per 1 liter of cold water.
- In a small container, pour the fruit in cold water.
- Put on the fire, bring to a boil.
- Boil 10 minutes after boiling.
- Remove from heat, let tea brew for 20-30 minutes.
- Strain through cheesecloth or a special strainer.
- If desired, add to taste sugar, lemon slices.
The resulting drink is a rich purple color has a pleasant taste and aroma.
With green tea
Pour 1-2 teaspoons of green tea into a pre-warmed teapot, and 1 tablespoon of dried berries and crushed leaves. Pour 500 ml boiling water. Insist. Strain.
Brew leaves and blueberries can be combined with other herbs or ingredients. Finished fees are sold at pharmacies or can be procured at home at home. How, what, and in what proportions to add, depends on individual taste preferences and desired results.
Harmoniously combined with blueberry tea from the leaves Koporsky (Ivan-tea). Adding leaves of currant or raspberry is also possible, but because of their richer flavor, the taste of the raw material is “lost”.
Collecting and drying leaves
Tea made from blueberry leaves is no less useful than from berries. Most of the nutrients in the plant is contained before the process of fruit ripening. It is up to the appearance of berries from the end of May to the beginning of the summer months that the branches should be cut..
Again, it is impossible to collect blueberries near road and rail transport routes, as well as near industrial and other harmful enterprises, as it absorbs all substances from the environment well.
Before drying the leaves, you need to carefully examine them for damage or other defects. After that, the remaining leaves spread out in a thin layer on any surface. This can be a cloth, metal grill or special parchment. Dried bilberry leaves in a dark place with good air circulation or shaded outdoor space.
The second option: to collect the twigs in small bunches and hang from the ceiling in the shed or in the shade on the street.
Blueberry leaves for tea can be dried in special dryers. The temperature in them should be set to 50-55 degrees.
If done correctly, you should get dried leaves of green shade, which will easily break and separate from the stem.
After drying, it is recommended to separate the raw materials from the stem and sort them, removing them with a brown tinge. Store a blank for tea no more than a year in canvas bags or glass containers, periodically checking for the presence of insects, mold.
The period when it is time to pick blueberries lasts from mid-summer, namely, somewhere from the second week of July to September. Clean shrubs without white or brown spots, points on the leaves.
Pre-picked and washed berries can also be dried:
- outdoors, avoiding sunlight or a dark, well-ventilated area for 6-10 days. This method is the most gentle, as it allows you to preserve the beneficial substances contained in the berry,
- special electric dryers for vegetables,
- the oven. Drying starts at 40 ° C, and after drying the blueberries, the temperature rises to 60 ° C. For uniform drying of the berries is required to periodically stir.
Dried fruits stored in paper bags, canvas bags in a cool dry place.
In addition, berries can be frozen, evaporated or harvested in its own juice with sugar.
Blueberry jam is not eaten, but consumed in small doses of 2–3 tbsp. in a day. And it is best to drink jam, spreading it in the water.
Blueberries are a real salvation for those with diabetes. This small shrub is a source of effective medicine and delicious food.
Blueberries in diabetes: recipes for the use of leaves and berries
Bilberry is a shrub that grows in forests. For a long time, it is well known for its healing properties. This is due to the substances that are part of these berries. It contains various acids, vitamins, minerals. Blueberry leaves for diabetes can be helpful. They make a decoction. The properties of blueberries will help in the treatment of both the first and second type of diabetes. You can use already familiar recipes or experiment.
How to collect and preserve blueberries
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In order for the leaves to be preserved as long as possible, they need to be dried. It is better to do it in the oven at a temperature of from 50 to 70 degrees. In season it is better to use fresh leaves and berries. Berries are harvested over the last two summer months. It is not necessary to tear off the stems. The leaves can be picked all summer and dried in the oven or in the open air. The drying room must be well ventilated.
There is one way to store fruit, use a refrigerator or freezer for this. Frozen berries can persist for a very long period, while all the beneficial substances remain, as in freshly harvested ones.
Doctors use blueberries for complex treatment. The fruits and leaves of this plant are very useful for the human body and can help relieve from various diseases. They are used in the treatment of diabetes of the first and second type. What is useful blueberries?
- Leaves and berries can be used to treat type 1 diabetes. This plant contains inulin. Therefore, with diabetes, you can effectively clean the intestines, remove toxins and heal the body.
- Tannins can cure diarrhea. From berries can be cooked kissel and use it in the treatment of children.
- It contains vitamins that will benefit the body at any age. The advantage is that the berry does not cause allergies and hypervitaminization cannot occur due to frequent consumption.
- This plant has good bactericidal properties and is able to stop the inflammatory process. Because of this, it is used in dentistry, treatment of sinusitis and even typhoid fever.
- Flavonoids improve the condition of blood vessels, reducing the possibility of their damage.
- Anemia can be treated due to the presence of malic acid in the berries, which is responsible for the processing of hemoglobin. It will also affect the ability of the body to absorb iron.
- The use of berries or leaves will bring positive results in the treatment of the formed stones in the gallbladder.
- The extract of this plant is used to treat liver diseases and improve vision.
- Berries will help get rid of constipation.
- If you regularly use blueberries, you can avoid the deposition of salts in the joints.
- Pectins will remove radioactive substances.
- Blueberries will be a good tool for preventive measures against atherosclerosis.
- Fruits can stop internal bleeding in the stomach.
How to apply blueberries
For the prescription in the treatment of type 1 diabetes, you can use the leaves of the plant. They make a decoction. It takes about 30 grams of leaves and a liter of boiling water. It is better to insist in a thermos. After you need to strain through cheesecloth and drink it three times a day, 70 ml. The course of admission is a month. After a break for 14 days.
With the use of leaves or berries, gallbladder disease can be treated. The course of treatment will last for 2 years intermittently. At the same time, an aggravation may appear at the very beginning, but this need not be feared. All symptoms will pass in the shortest time. There may be sand in the urine. This will be noticeable in the first 6 months of taking blueberry broth.
Regular consumption of blueberries will improve vision. Still there is a real possible to restore the normal functioning of all metabolic processes in the body. This will stabilize blood sugar levels.
A decoction of the leaves will help stop bleeding with hemorrhoids. To do this, use dried leaves of bilberry, boiling water. Insist broth is better in a thermos for about 2 hours. Take it to 1 tablespoon for 30 minutes before eating. The course of treatment lasts 60 days, then a break is taken and, if necessary, repeated again.
Fresh blueberries can cure purulent wounds, burns, eczema. Pounded berries should be applied exactly in the place of defeat, and after a few hours to wash off. Eat berries and blueberries can be all the time and without any restrictions.
Blueberries can be used not only separately, but also with other medicinal herbs. The most common recipes are as follows.
- With increased pressure using a mixture of herbs from motherwort, arnica, lemon balm, blueberry. All ingredients are used in equal proportions and pour boiling water. Then you need to boil over low heat for 5 minutes. After cooling, drink before meals 70 grams.
- If a patient has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, who does not need insulin, you can take a bilberry decoction. Medicinal herbs are added to it (chamomile, for example) and taken chilled before eating 50 grams.
- Blueberry can improve the quality of vision. To do this, mix the blueberries with eyebright grass and blue cornflower. Pour boiling water and boil for 5 minutes. During the day, you need to use 200 milliliters for 3 doses, before meals. Такой отвар не подойдет женщинам в период беременности и кормления.
Bilberry leaves: medicinal properties and contraindications
Many have heard about the benefits of blueberries, but few know that blueberry leaves also have healing properties.
Today we will look at information about blueberries, and specifically - why they use blueberries, discuss useful properties and contraindications to using the product.
Blueberry leaves with diabetes
This small shrub is highly valued by folk healers. Benefit for the body are not only small blue berries. The value of blueberries and in its leaves. They have healing properties and are used in the treatment of such a common endocrine disease as diabetes. We learn about the composition, characteristics of blueberry leaves, their use in the treatment of disease.
About medicinal plant
Shrub Healer can be found in northern Russia, in the middle lane, in the Urals, in Siberia. For more than one century, traditional medicine has been using the medicinal properties of blueberries and leaves. Last made to prepare in the flowering period.
The fruits of blueberries pleases from June to August, which depends on the geographical area of its growth.
Picking berries is not easy. To do this, use a special comb. To preserve the fruit is dried or frozen.
They contain magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, chromium, calcium, zinc, iron. There are in the berries vitamins A, C, B1, B2, amber, pantothenic acid. Bilberry fruits strengthen the immune system, cleanse the blood, lowering the level of cholesterol in it, strengthen the vascular walls. The berries of a medicinal plant are an indispensable aid for people suffering from chronic eye fatigue. They protect the mucosa of the eyeball from irritation.
Both the berries and the leaves of the medicinal plant contain substances that lower the blood sugar level. And bilberry leaves have an astringent effect that makes them indispensable for diarrhea.
Contraindication for the use of blueberries is the presence of oxalaturia in humans.
How to use blueberries in diabetes
For the treatment of endocrine diseases, extracts, leaves and berries of medicinal plants are used. It is no secret that diabetes always sharply reduces visual acuity. Blueberries contain a lot of vitamin A and substances that eliminate the pathology of the eye retina. They are called anthocyanosides. Their function is to strengthen the capillaries, blood vessels, reduce bleeding in the retina. Therefore, blueberries help in the treatment of eye diseases such as retinopathy and maculopathy.
Bilberry extract is used to reduce the level of sugar and maintain it normally.
Folk healers advise diabetics to use blueberry infusion. For its preparation requires fresh leaves in the amount of a tablespoon. They are washed, crushed, placed in an enameled container, doused with 250 grams of boiling water and covered for an hour with a lid. After filtration, the healing liquid is used for ½ cup 25 minutes before each meal for diabetes of the second type.
Another, no less effective treatment for the leaves of a medicinal plant, is an antioxidant cocktail. It should be prepared from a teaspoon of dried leaves and the same amount of loose green tea. Dry raw materials poured half a liter of boiling water for 15 minutes. Then filter. Drink remedy with honey throughout the day. This drink strengthens the body's defenses and maintains normal blood sugar levels.
Blueberry leaves for diabetes can be used daily as tea. A tablespoon of dry raw material is poured with 300 grams of boiling water, insisted for 10-15 minutes and after filtration, consumed between meals throughout the day.
Diabetics can use the astringent properties of leaflets for external skin lesions in the form of compresses. Procedures accelerate healing.
A universal recipe for using fresh blueberries is to consume 200 grams of their daily ration per day. This is great and useful for diabetics, but can only be applied in season.