In summer, the main task of garden berries lovers is to provide care for strawberries during flowering. The plant needs special care not only during the spring growing season, but also when young inflorescences appear and the first fruits begin to tie. From the quality of care depends on the abundance of future fruits, and the amount of the crop.
What to do with strawberries during flowering?
The inflorescences on the bushes of this garden berries appear in late April - the first half of May. Proper care of strawberries during flowering is to remove the whiskers and faded foliage, loosening the plots, competent watering. When the culture is in bloom, it also needs to be properly watered and fed, take measures to pollinate plants, protect it from parasites and diseases. Then the forces on the cultivation of berries will not be wasted and the bushes will be pleased with a bountiful harvest.
Pruning a strawberry mustache during flowering
For flowering bushes to gain strength for fruiting, you need to trim the mustache on the strawberry during flowering. They take nutrients and moisture from the plant, and it should spend energy only on the formation of fruits. Therefore, at the time of budding remove all mustache without exception. The procedure is carried out with the help of shears, scissors or just with your hands. In order not to damage the root system, pull the mustache and pull them out is not necessary. You just need to pinch the appendage between the fingers and break it off.
At this time, and dried leaves are removed on the bushes. In addition to the whiskers and yellowed leaves, the first strawberry blossoms are to be removed. It is noticed that the last flower stalks are larger than the previous ones, so this measure has a positive effect on the size of the berries. It is not necessary to remove all flower stalks - it can be done selectively by sorting out small flowers from larger ones.
Watering strawberries during flowering and fruiting
Caring for strawberries during flowering implies competent watering. The root system of culture is located close to the soil and the plant is not able to extract water from the depths. The lack of moisture is fraught with drying of the root, and the excess - the appearance of rot, so moisture should be moderate. Care garden strawberries during flowering - rules for watering:
- Watering strawberries during flowering commit every 10-12 days in the morning. For 1 m 2 plantation enough 10-12 liters of water.
- In hot weather, the frequency of irrigation is increased up to 3-4 times a week, in rainy weather the plot is not moistened.
- To irrigate flowering bushes is best to use a watering can with a narrow spout, you should try not to fall on the peduncles.
- After watering the roots of the plant can be covered with straw.
How to fertilize strawberries during flowering?
The correct feeding of strawberries during budding and flowering is of key importance in the care and ripening of berries. At this time it is necessary to feed the plants once carefully selected substances with a high content of potassium. He is responsible for the development of the berries, their appetizing appearance and taste characteristics. Strawberries can be fed in any of the ways:
- 1 teaspoon of potash saltpeter must be diluted in 10 liters of water, moisturize each bush 0.5 liters.
- Chopped young nettles need to fill a 10-liter bucket, add water and set aside for several days. Before feeding, infusion diluted with water 1: 1 and watered the bushes on the soil. Feeding nettle extract gives excellent results - the berries will be appetizing and juicy.
- You can use manure or bird droppings - 5 liters per 5 liters of water. Concentrate insist a few days, filter and prepare a solution - half a liter of concentrate per 10 liters of water.
- You can fertilize plants with wood ash, pouring a handful of powder under each bush. Or make a ash infusion - dilute 1 cup of ash in 10 liters of water, stand for a day. Then water the plants, contributing 1 liter to the bush.
- Yeast dressing also likes strawberries during flowering. It is necessary to take 1 kg of fresh yeast and dilute them in 5 liters of heated water. You can use dry yeast - take a 10-gram sachet of 5 liters of water and add 2 tbsp. spoons of sugar. Leaven should be left for 3 hours to ferment. Before feeding, 0.5 l of liquid is diluted in 10 l of water and 0.5 l of fertilizer is poured under each bush.
- Foliar nourishment of strawberries with boric acid favors the growth of inflorescences, which increases the amount of the crop. For irrigation of bushes, 1 g of boric acid is diluted with 10 liters of water.
Is it possible to transplant strawberries during flowering?
Transplanting strawberries during flowering is undesirable. It is better to move the bushes to a new place in the autumn or summer, when the harvest of berries has already been gathered. If you transplant strawberries in flowering condition, then the flowers of the fruit is unlikely to be formed. While the bush in the new place will take root, all its forces will go to the formation of roots and their strengthening, and the new leaves and buds will wither. If it is necessary to transplant strawberries when it blooms or bears fruit, then it is necessary to cut off all the flowers and berries and root it in a new hole. So it will take root much better, and the crop will be harvested next year.
Is it possible to weed strawberries during flowering?
Garden strawberries will bloom perfectly if you regularly take care of it, systematically dig up weeds on a plot, regularly loosen the soil with a small rake. Weeding strawberries during flowering prevents the formation of a crust on the soil, which will become an obstacle to the penetration of oxygen to the roots, improves the air exchange of the soil. Surface loosening of beds recommended to make 2-3 times a week.
Processing strawberries from pests during flowering
Strawberry pest control during flowering is accomplished only with the help of biologics or folk remedies. How can you spray bushes:
- Acrofit, Fitoverm, Akarin. They do not harm the plant, the leaves actively absorb the drug, the created protection lasts 3 weeks.
- Infusion of tobacco, onions, bitter pepper. Irrigation of foliage spend the evening a few days in a row.
- For a better ovary, the bushes are treated with Zircon, Bud, Ovary universal. They help the plants to overcome long rains, cold snaps, hot weather and are conducive to the formation of a good harvest.
One of the most important activities for the care of strawberries during flowering and fruiting is mustache removal. The bush should spend food only on the berries.
You can remove the mustache with scissors, shears or hands. In order not to damage the root system, do not pull out and do not pull the mustache, but simply hold the whisker between your fingers to break it.
Choosing broods for breeding
Strawberry Bushes conventionally divided into male and female, visually they look the same - they have sockets and mustaches.
Male bushes are more powerful and give more whiskers, but not berries. The female bush is covered with fruits and there is not a lot of mustache on it.
therefore during flowering and fruiting strawberries choose the most productive bushes, where large berries are formed - these will be mother bushes. These bushes need to be marked, and in the fall to take a few whiskers for breeding.
Top dressing strawberries during flowering and fruiting
For the entire season, strawberries need to be fed 3 times - at the beginning of the growing season, during flowering and at the end of fruiting. At the beginning of summer, strawberries form fruits and will be suitable as top dressing. liquid organic fertilizer (this may be chicken dung, yeast solution or herbal tincture).
The most necessary substance at this stage, when the berries are formed - potassium. He is responsible for the development of fruits, their beautiful appearance and taste.
Therefore, top dressing must contain it - you can fertilize plants with wood ash scattering one handful under a bush.
Or you can do ash infusion - for this dilute a glass of ash in 10 liters of water, insist within 24 hours. Then pour the plants under the root making about 1 liter of infusion under the bush.
Also during flowering can be done foliar top dressing with boric acid, such microfertilizer increases the yield, the intensity of flowering, improves the nutrition of the ovaries and increases the flow of sugar to the fruits. To do this, dilute 10 g of boric acid in 10 liters of water.
I first pour out the powder in a liter jar and pour hot water into it, stirring continuously, waiting for complete dissolution. Then I bring the solution to the desired volume - 10 liters.
Spraying to produce necessarily freshly prepared solution in the morning or evening, it is also possible in cloudy, not rainy weather. Consumption of the working solution is 1 liter per 10 m 2.
Caring for strawberries during flowering in June: feeding strawberries
For these purposes, it is necessary to use mineral fertilizer, a special action, such as potash saltpeter. The dosage is 1 teaspoon per 10 liters of water. The use of nitrogen-rich ash, chicken droppings and humus is just as effective.
Whatever the damage to the plant is required to closely monitor the dosage of these substances. The number of inflorescences will help increase boric acid. For 10 liters of water it requires 1 pinch.
Strawberry care during flowering in June: antennae removal and soil loosening
Removing the first, especially small inflorescences, will help increase the fruitfulness of the bush. It is also necessary to remove weeds and loosen the earth around to ensure proper exchange of oxygen and moisture with the environment.
Strawberry care during flowering in June: watering strawberries
Ignoring the rules of watering can ruin strawberries. As an example, you should pay attention to the wild strawberries, the bush degenerates, and the fruits become small, dry and ugly in appearance.
When organizing irrigation, it is necessary to find a “golden mean.” The lack of moisture will dry the root, and an overabundance will lead to rotting of the root system. Also, with an excess of moisture, plant diseases such as gray mold or powdery mildew are possible.
It is worth paying attention to the type of soil: for loose earth, 10-12 liters per 1 sq. M is sufficient, for clay soil it is worth increasing to 12-14 liters per 1 sq. M. Watered in the morning, not ice water, with a frequency of once every 10-12 days.
It is also necessary to monitor the weather conditions. In the heat, the frequency of irrigation can be increased to 1 time in 3-4 days, and cancel in case of rainy weather.
It is advisable to water the watering can, taking care not to damage the inflorescences, and to separately drink the root system with a ladle. Roots should be sprinkled with soil, in case of soil smearing with water.
Strawberry care during flowering in June: pollination of strawberries
To help strawberries, you can work out the surface of the inflorescence with a brush during the day or try to attract bees to this area. You can dissolve a spoonful of honey in a liter of water and sprinkle the plantation. Such an action will serve as a signal for the bees and attract them to strawberries.
Strawberry Care in June Bloom: Pest Control
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Spring - we restore strawberries after wintering
The most time-consuming is to care for strawberries in the spring, but it is he who will have a greater impact on the harvest. After spring careful tidying up of beds with strawberries in the summer you will only have to make sure that the plants stay healthy and the ground is moist and clean from weeds. Well, after harvesting strawberries will need to prepare for wintering. Consider all the stages of care in more detail.After harvesting strawberries will need to prepare for wintering.
Thawed strawberry bushes clean from dead dead leaves, immediately freeze the frozen plants. The top layer of soil that you used to mulch strawberries in the fall, you need to remove (up to 3 cm) - so you additionally reduce the number of pests that wintered in mulch, and in addition provide the root system with warming from sunlight. Do not make a common mistake by pouring a thick layer of earth from the spring, otherwise the root system will not start to grow for a long time, which means that the ripening of the berries will be postponed to a later date. If you don’t want to clean the autumn bedding, then earth the land between the rows of strawberries thoroughly rustle to a depth of 7 cm.
To organize the proper care of strawberries during flowering and fruiting is a challenge for gardeners who want to get a generous harvest of berries. According to responses of summer residents, carrying out all actions for care of plantings of strawberry does not take a lot of time. It is important only to perform all the procedures regularly, then the bushes will grow strong, and the berries will be fragrant and sweet.